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Vol. 79, No. 1 

The Newspaper of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 

January 1988 

Annual meet focuses on ACTS 

By John Justice 

The focus of the diocese's annual 
convention Jan. 21-23 in Raleigh will 
be the ACTS campaign. Substantive 
changes have been made in the conven- 
tion—the 172nd one held by the dio- 
cese—to put the spotlight on the dio- 
cese's capital funds campaign. 

Other important aspects of the event 
will include: decision by delegates on 
tight budgets for 1988; an address by 
nationally known hunger activist Robert 
Hayes; and debates on an exceptional- 
ly wide-ranging spate of resolutions. 
Bishop Robert Estill will make his sixth 
address since becoming bishop in 1983, 
and Rt. Rev. Frank H. Vest Jr. will 
make his third address since his 1985 
election as suffragan bishop. 

Downtown restaurants are staffing 
up especially for the approximately 
300 lay and 140 clergy delegates who 
will convene in the Raleigh Civic and 
Convention Center. As always, con- 
vention will have some extras: Clergy 
spouses will have lunch Friday at the 
Governor's Mansion and coffee the 
next morning at the home of Joyce and 
Robert Estill. Copies of the brand-new 
history of the diocese will be featured 
at the convention exhibition arranged 
by the Rev. Harrison Simons, rector of 
St. Stephen's and vicar of St. Cyprian's, 
both in Oxford. 

But this convention is different in 
that it's been structured to point toward 
the offical launching of the ACTS cam- 

A different look 

ACTS stands for A Celebration 
Through Stewardship, the name given 
to the diocese's campaign to raise 
$6,645,000 for three purposes: $2.9 
million for a youth facility at the dioce- 
san conference center in Browns Sum- 
mit; $2 million for outreach work in the 
diocese and elsewhere; and $1.5 million 
for development of congregations. 

Ordinarily, the annual convention 
opens with Holy Eucharist at one of 
churches hosting the event. This year, 
however, the convention will begin 
with a general session at 7 p.m. on 
Thursday. Then, after the rest of the 
convention work has been done— bud- 
gets, elections, resolutions and other— 
the convention will close with a Eucha- 
rist designed to unite the delegates, fam- 
ily, guest and friends behind the ACTS 
effort. The Eucharist will be held in the 
Civic Center and is scheduled to begin 
at 11:30 a.m. on Saturday. 

The worship service was planned by 
the Rev. Philip Byrum. He's rector of 
Christ Church, Albemarle, and chair- 
man of the Diocese's Liturgy and Wor- 
ship Commission. The special service 
will feature a video on the capital funds 
drive. Congregations have been invited 
by Bishop Estill to send youth represen- 
tives and choir members to help with 
the celebration. The convention will 
end with the conclusion of the Holy 

Delegates will be presented total 

diocesan budgets edging toward the $2 
million mark. The proposed Episcopal 
Maintenance Fund for 1988 is $621,989, 
up from 1987's $577,862. The propos- 
ed Church's Program Fund for 1988 is 
$1,340,837, compared with $1,262,591. 
If approved, the budgets would total 

(The Episcopal Maintenance Fund 
goes mainly for the support of the 
bishop and operations of the diocesan 
house of Raleigh. The Church's Pro- 
gram Fund pays for the work of the 
Christian Social Ministries director, pro- 
gram director, communications direc- 
tor, college work, operations of com- 
mittees and commissions, diocesan con- 
tribution to the national church and 

The proposed budget figures are 
lower than the ones set by Diocesan 

Council in September, 1987. This is 
because of a shortfall in acceptance by 
congregations of their diocesan quotas. 
Faced near the end of 1987 with a 
shortfall of $24,952, Council decided to 
make an across-the-board cut of 7.9%. 
Exempt from the cut were salaries, em- 
ployee fringe benefits, travel, mission 
church assistance, conference center 
and national church program contri- 
bution. The result is the two proposed 
budgets shown on pages 14 and 15. 

Gone from this year's convention is 
the traditional Friday night banquet. " 
However, at Friday lunch delegates and 
others will have a chance to hear from 
an attorney who turned his back on a 
Wall Street career to become one of the 
nation's most effective advocates for 
the homeless. 

Robert Hayes will speak at a soup- 

Convention Highlights 

Holy Eucharist/ACTS, a celebration 

Through Stewardship. Celebration to launch the Diocese's 
$6,645,000 capital funds drive for the Conference Center, 
outreach work and development of congregations. 

Resolutions, resolutions resolutions! 

Debate on Holy Bible, victims of crime, Satanism, cop-killers, 
evangelism, equal ordination and membership rights, Biblical 
sexuality and much more! 

Budget decisions. Consideration of proposed 
1988 diocesan budgets slashed 7.9% from requested funds 
and totaling nearly $2 million. 

Hunger luncheon: Attorney/activist Robert 
Hayes to speak on problems of affordable housing, decent 
shelter and sufficient food. 

Words from the bishops: Addresses 

by Bishop Robert W. Estill and Suffragan Bishop Frank H. 
Vest Jr. 

NeW History: Recently published history of the 
diocese on display at convention exhibition center. 

Governor's Mansion: Lunch for clergy 


and-sandwich lunch in the Shaw Uni- 
versity ballroom at 11:30 a.m. on Fri- 
day. Hayes, who has been featured on 
the "Today" show and has grappled 
with Mayor Ed Koch on issues of the 
homeless, is counsel for the National 
Coalition for the Homeless in New York 
City. His talk will focus on the themes 
of affordable housing, decent shelter 
and sufficient food. Hayes' appearance 
is sponsored by the Hunger Commis- 
sion of the diocese, chaired by the Rev. 
Verdery Kerr, rector of St. Thomas', 
Reidville. (For information on the lun- 
cheon and talk by Hayes, please call 
Kerr at 919-349-3511.1 

As of this writing, 19 resolutions had 
been submitted for consideration by 
delegates. And there may be more, since 
the Thurday night business session in- 
cludes introduction of late resolutions. 

Tithing, budgets, 
canon changes 

Two resolutions having to do with 
money are being presented by the 
Stewardship Commission chaired by the 
Rev. Ted Vorhees, vicar of St. John's, 
Wake Forest. "A Diocesan Stewardship 
Statement" asks Convention to adopt 
the 10% tithe "as the minimum stan- 
dard of our giving as set forth by the au- 
thority of Holy Scripture." The other, 
"A Study of the Funding of the Diocesan 
Budgets," calls for formation of a study 
commission "to consider alternatives to 
funding of the Diocesan budgets con- 
sistent with the teaching of Christian 
Stewardship. . ." 

The Rev. William Brettmann, mem- 
ber of the Christian Social Ministries 
Commission, is presenting two memo- 
rials to the national church's General 
Convention, which will meet this sum- 
mer in Detroit. One resolution asks that 
national church canons be amended so 
as not to deny anyone ordination in 
the Episcopal church "because of race, 
color, ethnic origin, sex, disability, sex- 
ual orientation, or age, except as other- 
wise specified by Canon." The other 
requests a similar canonical change to 
guarantee equal rights and status of all 
members of the Episcopal Church. Pre- 
senters of the resolutions state that the 
requested canonical changes are need- 
ed to bring canons into line with the 
Baptismal Covenant. 

Two Charlotte delegates— John Bol- 
ing Jr. and the Rev. Walter D. Edwards 
Jr.— are presenting a total of eight reso- 
lutions. Boling's are entitled "Political 
and Religious Violence," "Youth Evan- 
gelism," "Biblical Sexuality," "Media 
Responsibility," and "Freedom of Ex- 
pression." Edwards is submitting "Cop- 
Killers," "Satanism" and "The Holy Bi- 
ble." Boling is a delegate from St. 
John's, and Edwards is vicar of All 

The hefty load of resolutions also in- 
cludes ones on victims of crime, nu- 
clear missiles, employee relations and 
others. • 

John Justice is editor of The Communi- 




Summary Report of the 
Commission on 
Constitution and Canons 

The report from the Commission on Con- 
stitution and Canons to the 1988 Convention 
of the Diocese will include the following 

Part I 

A. Amendments to the Articles of the Con- 
stitution to be proposed on Second Reading, 
having been passed on First Reading by the 
1987 Convention. (Ref. 1987 Journal, pp. 

B. Amendments to canons to use "enrolled 
confirmed adult communicants in good stan- 
ding" language that is consistent with the 
amended Articles in Part I. A., above. (Ref. 
1986 Journal, pp. 264-701 

C. Amendments to canons to be proposed 
on the following subjects: 

—The role of the Trustees 

— Registers and reports of services perform- 
ed by. clergy 

—The Bishop's presence at interviews of or- 
dination candidates with the Commission on 

—Eliminating the title of "Registrar," and 
clarifying the functions of the Historiogra- 
pher, Department of Records and History, and 
Diocesan Archives 

—Setting minimum procedure standards for 
meetings of parish and mission vestries. 

Part II 

Amendments to Articles of the Constitution 
to be proposed on First Reading, and to the 
canons, which would change personal pro- 
nouns to gender-neutral language. 

Part III 

Amendments to Articles XIII and XIV, to 
be proposed on First Reading, to authorize 
our Commission on Constitution and Canons 
to make editorial revisions to our legislation 
without prior action by the Convention. Such 
changes would be reported to the subsequent 
Convention and would stand, as changed, in 
the absence of disapproval by that Conven- 

Other Business 

The Report will conclude with a descrip- 
tion of other matters that the Commission 
has had referred to it, or has otherwise con- 
sidered during the year, and the disposition 
of these matters. 

The Rev. Huntington Williams Jr, Chairman 

Kanuga Conferences, Inc. 

It has clearly been a successful year for 
Kanuga in every way. The center has made 
many improvements and additions to its 
physical plant, the programs it sponsors are 
being well received and attended by persons 
from many states, and its reputation for 
quality service, especially to the Episcopal 
Church and its people, continues to grow. 
Some significant events were: 

—The healthy growth of the Edgar Hartley, 
Jr., Program Endowment; a memorial to the 
previous Executive Director, the fund will 
provide scholarship assistance for Kanuga 
Conferences and support for the Program 
Committee's work. 

— Rannie Townsend's becoming Kanuga's 
second full-time Director of Program in March. 

—Clark Plexico's joining the staff as Direc- 
tor of Promotion in April and Sandy Lynch's 
return as Director of Maintence in September. 

—Moving into a 6800 square foot adminis- 
tration building, which affords the staff— for 
the first time— both adequate and comfortable 
working space. 

—The announcement of three major 
memorial gifts— the Neill Entrance Park (for 
Bob Neill of St. Paul's Church, Winston- 
Salem), the Flanagan Center (in the Chapel's 
undercroft, a meeting room for up to 100 
with adjacent small group rooms), and the 
Minkler Grove (five classroom buildings with 
nearby restrooms, renovated and landscaped 
for groups of 40 to 75 in each building). 

—The magnificent challenge gift from Mrs. 
Harry L. Fox of Atlanta to construct a lake- 
front activities building to be opened in June 

1988 at Camp Kanuga for Boys and Girls. 

—Another year of good attendance begin- 
ning with the Vestry Conference in January 
and concluding with Winterlight XII in Decem- 
ber, altogether hosting 36 Kanuga programs, 
71 church groups, and 97 other client organi- 
zations, a total of 19,133 persons, spending 
67,153 guest days. 

—The National (which became interna- 
tional) Symposium on Faith Development in 
Young Children, an ecumenical effort attrac- 
ting representatives from 18 religious bodies 
and featuring as principal speakers the na- 
tion's foremost figures in the field. 

In making this report, we express gratitude 
to the many parishes and ECW chapters in 
the Diocese of North Carolina which make 
annual gifts that are so very important to the 
continuing effort for this good place. At the 
same time, we have to admit disappointment 
that the Diocese of North Carolina policy ex- 
cludes line items of gift support for specific 
places and institutions like Kanuga. A grant 
from the diocese, which could be counted 
upon each year, would give the center a 
budgetary boost, but as importantly, the en- 
dorsement of the largest of Kanuga's parent 
Carolina dioceses could mean so much to 
those who serve at and for Kanuga. 

Albert S. Gooch, President 

Trustees of the Diocese 

The Trustees of the Diocese report the 
following actions taken by them as Trustees 
since the adjournment of the One Hundred 
Seventieth Convention of the Diocese: 

Jan. 23, 1987: The Trustees delivered a 
deed of trust to James R. Bryant, Trustee for 
Southern National Bank of North Carolina 
securing note in the sum of $250,000 ex- 
ecuted by St. Margaret's Episcopal Church, 
Providence Township, Mecklenburg County, 
conveying 4.53 acres in Providence 

May 1, 1987: The Trustees conveyed lands 
held for the benefit of Christ Church Parish, 
Albemarle, North Carolina, the mission con- 
gregation having become a parish. 

May 10, 1987: The Trustees conveyed land 
in Fayetteville to the Diocese of East Carolina, 
it having been conveyed to the Diocese of 
North Carolina prior to the formation of the 
Diocese of East Carolina. 

June 18, 1987: The Trustees conveyed Lots 
7 and 8, Block 46, Map of Mayodan to Jerry 
Glenn Kallam and wife, Faye Gonn Kallam 
for the sum of $50,000.00. The Mission con- 
gregation of Mayodan is to receive the in- 
come from said. 

June 23, 1987: The Trustees executed a 
sewer easement 10 feet in width 35.12 feet in 
length over property on Jefferson Road held 
for the benefit of St. Barnabas Mission, Greens- 
boro, North Carolina to Mr. and Mrs. James 
R. Smutney. 

July 2, 1987: The Trustees executed an 
easement to the Town of Tarboro over land 
adjacent to Hendricks Creek over which a 
drainage system 20 feet in width will be con- 

Aug. 5, 1987: The Trustees authorized the 
payment of $1,000 for an option granted by 
Dr. Robert L. Phillips to buy eight acres of 
land adjoining the Conference Center for 
$85,000. Dr. Phillips will contribute $15,000 
toward the purchase price. 

Sept. 1, 1987: The Trustees executed deed 
conveying a tract of land in Franklinton, N.C., 
60 by 100 feet in area, to Leslie T. Guiffrida 
for the sum of $2,500. 

Miss Cornelia Tongue, Trustee 

A.L. Purrington, Jr., Trustee 

The Rt. Rev. Robert W.Estill.Trustee and 


Commission on Christia'n 
Social Ministries 

During 1987, CSM has continued to carry 
out existing programs and initiate new ones. 
A few of the highlights are as follows: 

1. I came on board as the new Director 
in March. Over the past 10 months, I have 
traveled almost 15,000 miles visiting parishes 
and getting to know the diocese. My schedule 
has been full with preaching, teaching, net- 
working with people, inside and outside the 
Episcopal Church. On top of that travel, I 
took part in a peace delegation to Israel, Jor- 
dan and Tunisia. This fall, I went with a 
delegation to El Salvador. 

2. CSM Commission spent three days 
together in March, reorganizing and defining 
four major work areas: (1). Human sexuality. 

(2). Racism. (3). Peace work, with particular 
emphasis on Central America. (4). Criminal 
justice. Economic justice was defined as the 
basic concern linking all of our work. 

3. Thanks to a gift, we were able to con- 
tribute $200,000 worth of medical supplies to 
Nicaraguan relief through the Carolina Inter- 
faith Task Force on Central America (CITCA). 
The diocese also worked with CITCA -to raise 
$30,000 for powdered milk for the children 
of Nicaragua. 

4. Migrant ministries was engaged in assis- 
tance to people who want U.S. status through 
the new immigration law. Plans have been 
developed and a grant request made to build 
a center for migrant work in the Newton 
Grove area. 

5. Legislatively, we worked hard to get a 
new law passed abolishing the death penalty 
for children under 17. In the Raleigh area, we 
have worked with the gay and lesbian com- 
munity to raise civil rights issues before the 
Mayor and City Council. In the fall, our dio- 
cese became a member of the State Council 
for Social Legislation. This will help us to 
focus as we do legislative advocacy work in 

. the future. 

6. Two major conferences are planned for 
1988: one on human sexuality on April 16 
and one on racism on April 29-30. In 1987, 
we participated in major conferences on 
AIDS, land stewardship and the rural crisis. 

7. After doing a wonderful job, the Rev. 
Art Kortheuer resigned as chair of the Peace 
Initiative Task Force. Ann Thompson will re- 
place him. 

8. The Refugee Committee is presently stu- 
dying new ways of providing help to refugees 
and in 1988 plans to define an active program 
for parishes in the diocese. 

9. Our newly formed AIDS Committee is 
planning more educational events, a booth at 
Convention, possible legislative work in 1988 
and a library of resources at the Diocesan 

10. CSM spent long hours in working on 
the specifics around the social ministries por- 
tion of the ACTS capital funds drive. 

11. The Committee on Pastoral Concerns 
on Homosexuality has been meeting to plan 
for educational programs on homosexuality 
in local churches. They also are planning the 
April 16 conference on human sexuality. 

12. The Commission received the abortion 
resolution from Diocesan Convention and de- 
cided not to return it to the 172nd Conven- 
tion for any action. 

A final personal analysis and thanks. 
Analysis: The diocese has done great work 
in spawning various projects— Habitat for 
Humanity, soup kitchens, hospice, shelters, 
etc. That work must continue, but the crying 
need now is how to get to the root causes 
and systems which make these programs 
necessary. That will be the truly difficult 
work. It will require a willingness to see the 
social crisis through the lens of economic 

Finally, thanks, thanks and more thanks to 
the people of the diocese who have welcomed 
me so warmly. I am especially grateful to the 
entire CSM Commission under the most able 
and committed leadership of Brack Town- 
send. God bless you all— real good! 

The Rev. Jim Lewis, Director 

Department of Mission 
and Outreach 

The Department of Mission and Outreach, 
composed of three members of the Diocesan 
Council and all of the Convocation Deans 
and Lay Wardens, is responsible for oversight 
of the programs of the Diocese, with the ex- 
ception of College Work, which is a separate 
department. In order for our Department to 
understand and evaluate the various pro- 
grams, each Department member has esta- 
blished contact with two commissions; they 
have also received minutes and reports from 
the chairmen. At the September Budget Hear- 
ings, we not only discussed budget requests 
with each of the chairmen, but we also had 
the opportunity to hear, firsthand, about the 
work of their commission and their plans for 
the future. Following these hearings, our De- 
partment reviewed and made decisions about 
each budget line item pertaining to program 
and submitted them, through the Budget De- 
partment, to the Diocesan Council. We felt 
that this process worked well. 

Our Department has spent several meetings 
discussing new church development (church 
expansion). This function, formerly carried 
out by the Small Church Commission, is part 
of our responsibility as prescribed by Canon. 
Mr. Ted McEachern, Province IV New Church 

Development consultant, met with us in June. 
From his presentation and discussion, we 
have developed procedures for working with 
new congregations in the initial and early stages 
of their growth. As you know, a portion of 
the funds raised in the capital funds cam- 
paign will be designated for new church devel- 
opment. We have designed procedures for 
the use of these funds to assist new congrega- 
tions with land purchase or construction costs 
through loans and/or grants. We are also 
looking at growth patterns in our Diocese 
with an eye towards future church expansion. 

Based on recommendations from last year's 
Department, two special task forces were 
appointed by the Bishop: one to study the 
future relationship between the Diocese and 
Christ the King Center; the other, to study 
the most effective ministry for the deaf and 
other handicapped persons in this Diocese. 
We received reports and recommendations 
from these two groups. With regard to the 
first, we endorsed the recommendation that 
Christ the King Center and the Chapel of Hope 
become one entity; and that a priest-director 
be employed, with the Diocese funding this 
salary through the Program Budget. We further 
recommended that this plan be given at least 
a five-year trial period. This was referred to 
the Bishop and the Diocesan Council for imple- 
mentation. With regard to the second study, 
we recommended to the Bishop and the Coun- 
cil that a Coordinator for Deaf Ministries be 
employed, and that this item, including sala- 
ry, travel, and program funds be reflected in 
the Program Budget. 

Our Department is committed to— and 
challenged by— our tasks. We will continue to 
search for more effective ways to understand 
and evaluate programs. We will also evaluate 
the newly developed procedures for new 
church development as they are put into ac- 
tion. It has been a privilege for me to serve 
with the members of this Department in these 
important tasks. 

Anne Tomlinson, Chairman 

Episcopal Churchwomen 

An ongoing ministry of the Churchwomen 
for the past ten years has been the goal of a 
completed facility for our youth. In 1977 the 
ECW voted unanimously at its Annual Meet- 
ing to fund a feasibility study for a "Camp 
and Conference Center." Since that time the 
Churchwomen have consistently contributed 
toward this vision. We applaud the decision 
of the diocese to raise funds to accomplish this 
and we pledge our constant support. 

Today's ECW continues to recognize and 
affirm the vast diversity of talents and minis- 
tries of women in the Church— those gifts 
given to us by God to be used in service for 
others. With this emphasis in mind, our 1987 
theme, "The Vine and the Branches," was in- 
itiated at the annual February Retreat. It was 
continued in the officers' training sessions 
held in March in the convocations; and at our 
105th Annual Meeting in April the keynote 
speaker, Jean Haldane of Seattle, further de- 
veloped this as— "He is the Vine: Empower- 
ing Our Ministries." 

A second theme has been evident this year. 
Underlying all events is the women's cry 
against sexism and for full participation in 
the Church. 

In June we co-sponsored "Second Decade . . . 
And Beyond," reflecting on the years since 
women's ordination and looking at the pro- 
blems and potential of both ordained and lay 
women. 1987 has been a year that the church- 
women have "discovered" our clergywomen 
and the dimension, perspective and balance 
that they bring to our ordained ministry. 

At our annual Fall Seminar, the Rev. Nancy 
Reynolds Pagano validated for us that, in- 
deed, women are not the invisible gender of 
the people of God. Citing myriads of selec- 
tions from the Bible, she affirmed the definite 
inclusiveness of the Bible. It enlightened all 
and opened eyes for some, as she uncovered 
lost traditions and unveiled mistranslations. 

In the hopes that women will begin to par- 
ticipate more in national security issues, Ses- 
sions on Saturday, in conjunction with the 
North Carolina Council of Women's Organi- 
zations, sponsored in November a statewide 
conference entitled "Demystifying the Arms 
Race: A Citizen's Guide to National Security." 

The Lex Mathews Scholarship for Women, 
also included in the ACTS campaign, repre- 
sents a giant step forward for women. This 
fund designed to help women over 35 re- 
enter the work force has already reached over 
$28,000, nearing our targeted goal of $30,000 
at which time the first scholarship will be 

Our Diocesan UTO Treasurer, Ellen For- 
syth, has taken steps to change procedures 
for grant applications in order to expand the 
role of women in the decision-making process. 
This year our diocese gave a record amount 
of $70,768 of a national total of $3,025,877. 
Three grants were returned to our diocese: 
$10,000 to Tarboro Community Outreach, 
$5,000 to Hospice of Harnett County, and 
$5,000 to the Resource Center for Women's 
Ministries in the South, based in Greensboro. 

At present we have 83 pledging ECW bran- 
ches in our diocese. In 1986 these Church- 
women gave more than $268,000 in outreach. 

1987 finds the ECW integrating into its pro- 
gram the ideas generated by a two-year study 
under Mary Harris' leadership; benefiting 
from our first year of computerization, hav- 
ing enlisted the services of the Women's Re- 
source Center in Raleigh; and beginning to 
work toward a new goal of encouraging each 
Branch to assess its relevancy as we seek to 
carry out Christ's twofold mission of faith 
and service. 

June G. Gregory, President 

Summary Report of 
the Historiographer 

The Historiographer has worked closely 
with the Department of Records and History 
and the Archivist Michelle Francis to build a 
strong history and heritage foundation for the 
Diocese. Within the year the Historiographer 

—Published extensively in The Communi- 
cant with the avowed purpose of bringing to 
the Diocese parts of its heritage. 

—Aided in obtaining the important Rev. 
John Norton Atkins Papers concerning Epis- 
copal missionaries in the western mountains 
for the Archives. 

—Aided in acquiring Bishop Thomas Fraser's 
40 boxes of papers for the Archives. 

—Developed a Master File Index of Dioce- 
san history sources. 

—Helped edit parts of the new Diocesan 
History and assembled the Bibliography. 

—Answered numerous letters concerning 
the history of the Diocese. 

—Worked with the Department of Records 
and History and the Archivist in planning the 
Parish Historians Organization. 

—Taught, along with the Archivist, a history 
workshop at St. Mary's College and along with 
the Archivist entertained Dr. Nell Bellamy, Na- 
tional Episcopal Church Archivist from Austin, 

—Spoke at the yearly celebration of the 
Committee of St. John's at St. John's Church, 
Williamsboro, N.C. 

—Sent the Committee of St. John's Church 
historical information on the origin of St. 
John's Church. 

—Outlined the Episcopate of Bishop Baker 
for future publication and reference. 

—Along with the Archivist set up the Parish 
histories project which will be complete in 
two years. 

—Began a new mailing of a Historiographer's 
Newsletter citing recently acquired historical 

—Developed a Historiographer's logo and 
stationery for the Diocese. 

—Mailed a list of reviewers of historical 
works to the Rev. Harrison Simons and to the 
Publicity Committee for the new Diocesan 

The Historiographer plans to attend the 
National Episcopal Church Historiographers' 
Convention in New Orleans, summer 1988. 
The Diocese has established a new travel fund 
for the Historiographer to attend the meeting. 
The fund pays only a small portion of the cost. 

At present the Historiographer is working 
on the origin of North Carolina Colonial 

The Historiographer has received wonder- 
ful cooperation from the Bishops, the Depart- 
ment of Records and History, the Archivist, 
and all those Parish historians working away 
on their individual histories. Dr. Nell Bellamy 
stated, "You [the Diocese] are far ahead of 
most other Dioceses in what you are doing in 
our history and heritage." 

Frank Grubbs, PhD 

Commission on St. 
Andrew's, Woodleaf 

The annual homecoming, commemorating 
the 147th year since the consecration, was 
held on Aug. 30, 1987. The communion ser- 
vice from The Book of Common Prayer (17891 
was used. This book was in use when the 

church was consecrated in 1840. The celebrant 
was the Rev. Royal Dedrick, St. Matthew's, 
Salisbury, assisted by the Rev. Paul Tunkle, 
St. Luke's, Salisbury, and the Rev. Willis 
Rosenthal, the Church of the Good Shepherd, 
Cooleemee. Special music was provided by an 
antique pump organ and a hammer dulcimer. 
After the picnic under the oaks, the Order of 
Holy Baptism was administered by the Rev. 
Claude Collins, St. George's, Woodleaf. The 
candidate for Holy Baptism is a fourth genera- 
tion member of a St. Andrew's-St. George's 

St. Andrew's is included on a list of historic 
properties in Rowan County. Tour groups, in- 
cluding school classes studying North Caro- 
lina history, visit regularly. A historical high- 
way marker has been purchased to designate 
the location and significance of St. Andrew's. 

G. W. Etheridge, Chairman 

Pastoral Concerns 
Committee on 

The Pastoral Concerns Committee on 
Homosexuality was established by the 1986 
Diocesan Convention to foster better under- 
standing of homosexuality by dispelling myths 
and prejudices about homosexuality, to pro- 
vide pastoral support, and to give life to the 
claim of homosexual persons "upon the love, 
acceptance, and pastoral care and concern of 
the Church," as recognized by the General 
Convention resolution in 1976. 

This Committee was established in the 
summer of 1986 and our first task was to bet- 
ter understand the pastoral dimensions of 
homosexuality, and to learn how to talk about 
and support one another in these discussions. 

This past year we have developed a com- 
prehensive bibliography for laity and clergy 
of the Diocese. On an individual basis, we 
have provided counseling and information to 
a variety of requests for help from the people 
of the Diocese, and we have shared books 
and other resources with the clergy. We have 
also set up displays at the Diocesan Conven- 
tion and the Clergy Conference. In addition, 
there have been articles by members of our 
committee in "Please Note" and The Com- 

Several members attended conferences on 
Homosexuality and the Church, and we have 
invited outside resource people to come and 
speak to the Committee. We have also ad- 
vocated for the civil rights of homosexuals in 
local newspapers, with the Governor's Office, 
and with the Raleigh Civil Rights Commis- 

The Committee tries to maintain contact 
with the Integrity AIDS Committee and ef- 
forts of the Durham clergy, in order to be a 
source of compassion in the Durham com- 
munity. The Committee has also been in con- 
tact with other similar Diocesan committees 
in other states for the purpose of sharing in- 
formation and resources. 

In 1988, the Committee will be co-sponsor- 
ing, with Bill Brettmann of Continuing Edu- 
cation, a Diocesan conference on Spirituality 
and Sexuality to be held at St. Francis Episco- 
pal Church on April 16, 1988. The theme of 
this conference will reflect our growing con- 
cern that the Episcopal Church speak to the 
relationship between sexuality and spirituali- 
ty, and that homosexuality is a dimension of 
sexuality, and that we all need to enter into 
this dialogue and learn from each other, and 
thereby reduce homophobic fears and con- 

The Committee also intends to be a contin- 
uing resource for the Diocese in 1988 with 
the new Episcopal Church curriculum enti- 
tled "Sexuality: A Divine Gift— A Sacramental 
Approach to Human Sexuality and Family 
Life." One of the Committee members will be 
attending a training session in 1988 on these 
curricular materials. 

The Committee has traveling teams availa- 
ble to visit and meet with congregations, ves- 
tries, and adult education classes on request 
to lead discussions on issues of sexuality and 
spirituality. The Committee hopes to have a 
brochure printed in 1988 which will be avail- 
able to all laity and clergy. 

The members of the Pastoral Concerns 
Committee on Homosexuality are: Jim Brax- 
ton, Vickie Jamieson-Drake, Kent Otto, Greg 
Fuquay, Ann Thompson, Paul Wessinger, 
Bryan Griswold, Julie Clarkson, Phil Bend, 
Jim Lewis, and Bill Coolidge, chairperson. 

The Rev. William Coolidge, Chairperson 


\he Pastoral Concerns Com- 
mittee on Homosexuality was 
established by the 1986 Diocesan 
Convention to foster better under- 
standing of homosexuality by dis- 
pelling myths and prejudices about 
homosexuality, to provide pastoral 
support, and to give life to the 
claim of homosexual persons 
"upon the love, acceptance, and 
pastoral care and concern of the 
Church, " as recognized by the 
General Convention resolution in 

—Report of the Pastoral Concerns 
Committee on Homosexuality 

January 1988 



re realize that the mission 
of the church is to reach out to 
help those in need all over the 
diocese. Through the Parish Grant 
program we have enlisted the im- 
agination and energy of local con- 
gregations and their communities 
to meet the particular needs of 
those communities. It needs to be 
used more! 

—Report of the Department of 
Planning and Review 

Trustees of the Francis J. 
Murdoch Memorial Society 

The Francis J. Murdoch Memorial Society 
was founded by Margaret Murdoch to honor 
her brother, the Rev. Francis J. Murdoch, late 
rector of St. Luke's Episcopal Church, Salis- 
bury. The Society makes loans to persons 
preparing for the ordained ministry of the 
Episcopal Church. The loan is converted to a 
non-repayable grant when the recipient is ac- 
tually ordained. 

During 1987 the Society made grants to 
Samuel Howard Johnson, Virginia Norton 
Herring, Sonja Snyder Hudson, and John K. 
Gibson for study at various theological semi- 

Applications for grants by the Society may 
be obtained from the Convenor of the Trust- 
ees, whose name is listed in the Journal of the 
Convention. Completed applications should 
be endorsed by the aspirant's Rector or Vicar 
and sent to the Convenor for Trustee action. 

Because of the increased cost of seminary 
education, combined with the ever-decreasing 
sums available for financial aid, the Society is 
being called upon increasingly to make grants 
available to seminary students. The result is 
that grants tend to be quite small and some- 
times the Society can make no response at 
all. For these reasons it would be a great help 
for the Society to receive gifts from interested 
persons and organizations to support and ex- 
tend this very important work. 

The Rev. Earl H. Brill, Convenor 

Thompson Children's Home 

Thompson Children's Home has had another 
good year ot ministry to emotionally disturb- 
ed children and their families. It has also been 
a year of staff transition. No interim person 
was ever more blessed than I with the coop- 
eration and support he received from our fine 

Two other reports supplement this one. 
The first was written by Craig Bass, Campus 
Administrator, and the second by Brenda 
Lea, Administrator of Development & Public 
Relations. During 1987 Thompson Children's 
Home's Charlotte campus and Goldsboro 
group home continued serving children and 
families through five very special programs. 

The Charlotte Residential Treatment pro- 
gram remained full throughout the year, 
directly serving 34 individual children, ages 
6-13, and 22 families, with an average daily 
population of 24 children in care. 

By virtue of its location in the east, Thomp- 
son's Goldsboro Group Home furthers the 
agency's mission as a statewide agency for 
children and their families. The program is 
designed to support family reunion. Proximi- 
ty to families is important in reaching that 
goal. Last year we served 9 children and their 
families with all 9 families involved in pro- 
gram goals. 3 of those children have been 
reunited with their families. 

Respite Care for mentally handicapped in- 
dividuals was begun in Charlotte as a new 
service to families. This program, which pro- 
vides weekend care with a leisure focus, cur- 
rently serves 9 individuals and families. We 
hope to extend the program to serve 36 in- 
dividuals by the end of 1988. 

Two programs on the Charlotte campus 
have been established to meet the needs of 
"latch-key" children and their families in east- 
ern Mecklenburg County. The After-School 
Care program serves an average of 18 school- 
aged children each afternoon and on school 
holidays. The children are transported to 
Thompson from area schools for activities such 
as swimming, games, arts and crafts, and 
gymnasium fun. 

Thompson Day Camp provides summer day 
care and camping opportunities. 63 children 
were served in the 10-week camp this year, 
with an average weekly attendance of 36 
children. The camp, which featured swimm- 
ing, nature skills, overnight camping, outdoor 
cooking, fishing, arts and crafts, and many 
other activities, was a huge success! 

What makes Thompson special? Our Episco- 
pal Church family! Thompson Home is your 
home, our ministry and your ministry, and 
most importantly, our children are your chil- 

Dr. Robert Coles of Harvard University 
once wrote, "Few centers treating children 
have a chapel or a chaplain, but Thompson 
has both. At Thompson there is a moral and 
spiritual perspective which psychiatry alone 
doesn't offer; there's a general philosophy of 
faith and hope." 

Of the some 250 Episcopal churches and 
missions across the state, 165 give to Thomp- 

son. In 1987, 119 contact people were named 
to represent Thompson in their local church- 
es. Thirty-six (361 churches are participating 
in a Cottage Adoption Program designed to 
meet some of the special needs of the children 
and/or their cottages. 

Less than 20% of Thompson's voluntary 
support comes directly from Episcopal church 
budgets. We rely heavily on churchwomen 
and the annual Thanksgiving Offering. As 
one Episcopal rector noted at a recent meet- 
ing^ "Thompson is family. We must help. Sure- 
ly Christ Himself comes to us in and through 
these children." 

The Rev. Robert E. Johnson 
Interim Executive Director 

Department of Planning 
and Review 

It is stated in Canon 15 Section 5 that the 
Bishop and Diocesan Council shall have the 
responsibility for a continuing study of the 
long range objectives of the church's work in 
the Diocese and in Section 4 of the same 
canon, the Diocesan Council shall organize 
"such other departments as in its judgement 
may be necessary." To this end, the Depart- 
ment of Planning and Review was organized 
this year. 

A resolution passed at the last convention 
asked for the appointment of a task force to 
study Diocesan Commissins, Committees and 
Agencies. We have started this study with 
the following results. 

Evangelism and Renewal Commission: Their 
needs are being addressed, but not met. Evan- 
gelism takes many forms and the church's 
role should be to let people know they can 
witness in many different ways. Various work- 
shops have been held and hopefully these 
can be extended to the convocation level. We 
commend what they are doing and hope their 
objectives can be met in 1988. 

We recommend to the Education and Train- 
ing Commission that they put their efforts into 
all kinds of education: children, confirmands, 
and adults. There are a lot of dedicated peo- 
ple teaching and no Episcopal programs for 
them. We are very concerned that materials 
are not available and we heartily endorse 
their work to get some and hope they pursue 
with highest priority this line of endeavor. 
The Education and Training Commission sug- 
gested a purpose statement for each Commis- 
sion be put in the Diocesan directory which 
lists "Other" Commission Members. They 
feel that this would be helpful. 

The Commission on Christian Social Minis- 
tries' stated role is "to pioneer, to interpret, to 
enable, and to encourage the Diocese and con-, 
gregations to recognize and to develop pro- 
grams and ministries to address human and 
social needs; to celebrate what is being done 
on a local level and convey the Good News 
of these efforts to the Diocese." We feel that 
these goals are generally acceptable within 
the Diocese and will provide a united focus 
for Christian Social Ministries. We believe 
that any substantial extension of these goals 
should not be undertaken without thorough 

While the Diocese does not generally sup- 
port Educational and Charitable Institutions, it 
does maintain a high profile in educational 
institutions through its college chaplaincy pro- 
grams seiving 10 institutions of higher learn- 
ing in the Diocese. This work constitutes 
28% of the church's program budget (exclusive 
of National Church program). With particular 
regard to charitable institutions, the church 
has become an enabler— a facilitator of new 
initiatives, rather than a supporter of existing 

We realize that the mission of the church is 
to reach out to help those in need all over the 
Diocese. Through the Parish Grant program 
we have enlisted the imagination and energy 
of local congregations and their communities 
to meet the particular needs of those commu- 
nities. It needs to be used more! 

The Hunger Commission is an excellent form 
of evangelism. They recommend a decrease 
of 5 on their commission. Has this been done? 

The Companion Diocese Commission has 
been very active and we commend their good 

More use could be made of the Clergy De- 
ployment Commission. Word of mouth seems 
to be the preferred route. 

ECW has stated that they feel their board is 
too large and they are studying this. 

Women's Issues Commission is very strong 
on long range planning. 

We believe the ACTS campaign should be 
the major focus for this year and therefore 
we do not recommend any new financial or 

program goals for the Diocese. 

A resolution from convention concerning 
lay employees of the Diocese was also given 
to us for our consideration. After sending 
questionnaires to all Parishes in the Diocese 
concerning salary, benefits and educational 
requirements of their lay employees we col- 
lated all replies. We feel that to compete in 
the work place and keep good lay employees 
we must pay salaries and have benefits equi- 
table with those in business. Since so many 
of our lay employees are part-time, it is very 
hard to compare salaries from city to town. 
We have great concern that health benefits 
and pensions are not being offered to all full 
time employees. We would like to refer this 
issue to the Business and Finance Department 
of Council to see that all lay employees are 
compensated fairly and with full benefits. 

Barbara S. Jester, Chairman 

Comission on Marriage 

During 1987, the Commission on Marriage 
completed the "study, review, and report" 
phase of its charge contained in the 1984 Dio- 
cesan Journal of the 168th Annual Conven- 
tion. Submitted to the Joint Standing Commis- 
sion on Human Affairs and Health, in order 
for them to study, review, and report to the 
69th General Convention were: the 1984 Cler- 
gy Survey, the 1986 Lay Survey and their re- 
spective findings; a series of essays on the 
"Aspects of Redemption in Marriage" by a com- 
mission member and psychotherapist; a docu 
ment entitled "Considerations of the Marriage 
Canons of the Episcopal Church of the Unit- 
ed States" and a Communicant article by a com- 
mission member and seminarian; commission 
members' responses to a working paper pro- 
posed by the said Joint Standing Commission; 
and, a Clergy Resource Manual for Marriage 
Preparation and Counseling by yet another 
commisson member and member of the 

Appointed at last year's convention to suc- 
ceed the very able Nancy Pagano, I take great 
pleasure in saying to her and to the very able 
members of the Commission who have serv- 
ed since 1984, "Servants, well done!" 

The present task before the Commission 
is to sponsor an educational workshop(s) on 
Holy Matrimony for Clergy and Laity (topics 
such as, for example, changing roles of mar- 
riage partners, is Christian marriage changing, 
intimacy beyond Christian marriage, etc.). 
Workshops could be offered both on inter- 
church and Diocesan bases. 

In addition we shall continue to be a vehi- 
cle of communication on matters affecting 
marriage and the family both on the provin- 
cial and diocesan levels. 

The Rev. Fielder Israel 

Commission on Aging 

The Commission hosted two symposia in 1987 
at the Penick Home for Network members, 
clergy, and other interested persons. In June 
the symposium focused on "Seeking the 
Wholeness of Life . . . An Ongoing Journey," 
featuring addresses on "Living, Dying, Lov- 
ing" by Rene McSwain, Coordinator of Vol- 
unteer Services, Hospice of Winston-Salem/ 
Forsyth County, and on "We Can Make A 
Difference," highlighting advocacy issues and 
the legislative process, by Kay Saintsing, 
Editor, Aging Aggregate, Journal of the N.C. 
Association on Aging. About 70 persons at- 
tended the Symposium, which included a 
tour of the Penick Home. 

In November, featured speakers were the 
Rev. Jim Lewis, Director of Christian Social 
Ministries for the Diocese, who spoke on 
the dimensions of the Church as advocate 
with, among, and for the elderly, challenging 
everyone to become advocates of vital issues 
that affect the lives of all, and Elizabeth 
Huskey, a member of the Diocesan Commis- 
sion on Alcoholism and Drug Dependency, 
pinpointing special hazards for the elderly 
from alcohol and other drugs. Fifty persons 
were in attendance. At each of these sym- 
posia, Network representatives reported on 
the aging ministries in their respective par- 
ishes. Reports from the Advocacy subcommit- 
tee and from a member who had attended 
the national church's "Under One Roof con- 
ference were also heard. Planning got under- 
way for a major conference in 1988, perhaps 
in conjunction with Hospice of N.C, and the 
Commission Chair spoke on duties to the 
elderly and duties of the elderly, including 
the cultivation of virtues. 

Results of a survey of parishes concerning 

The Communicant 

their aging ministries were tabulated and us- 
ed by the long-range planning group of the 
Commission as a basis for future work. There 
were 76 responses out of 109 surveys distri- 
buted; a summary report was published in the 
June issue of The Communicant. In January, 
one of our members attended a conference 
on "Religion, Spirituality, and Aging," spon- 
sored by the National Interfaith Coalition on 
Aging. The Advocacy group is in touch with 
legislative issues through AARP and other 
groups and regularly publicizes opportunities 
for legislative action through the Network and 
special mailings. 

"A Good Age," the newsletter of the Net- 
work, was launched in the fall, and three 
persons from the Network will begin work 
early in 1988 as the editorial board, in con- 
junction with Commission members. The 
newsletter will be a source of communica- 
tions and support among the aging ministries 
in the several parishes, as well as a vehicle to 
disseminate resources and ideas. 

The Rev. Nancy Reynolds Pagano, Chair 

Deacons' Training Program 

The focal point of 1987 was the ordination 
of four persons to the Vocational Diaconate: 
Barbara Armstrong, Charles Oglesby, Virginia 
Poole, and Patsy Walters. They are now serv- 
ing among the helpless in the name of Christ; 
their base is in the parishes to which they are 
bringing the needs of the world to the Church 
and where they are enabling the servant minis- 
try of laypersons, priests, and bishops. Their 
ministries are with migrant workers, univer- 
sity students who seek counseling, battered 
women and the aging. 

Currently there are 11 participants in the 
training program (three in the first year and 
four in each of the second and third years); 
two ministerial interns are in the initial stages 
of preparation for the Vocational Diaconate. 

The Deacons' Training Program Commis- 
sion, instituted in 1986, was preceded by a 
special advisory committee to Bishop Estill 
that began work in 1983 to recommend the 
outlines of the program. The Commission 
serves as a board of overseers for the pro- 
gram, prepares the budget, makes recommen- 
dations regarding curriculum, and evaluates 
the results. In addition, each Commission 
member maintains a personal relationship 
with one of the trainees. The three-year 
course of study includes Bible, theology, 
ethics, history, liturgy, and the practice of 
ministry, as well as supervised field work. A 
major budgetary change in 1988 reflects a 
policy decision by Council whereby the pro- 
gram is fully funded through the Diocesan 
Program Budget, no monies being derived 
from Trust Funds, as heretofore. 

Any member of the Commission would be 
happy to respond to inquiries concerning the 
Deacons' Training Program or the Vocational 
Diaconate. Persons who believe they may 
have a calling to the Vocational Diaconate 
should consult with their local presbyter; the 
Rev. Earl Brill, Director of the Program, is 
available to provide more specific information 
and guidance. 

The Rev. Nancy Reynolds Pagano, Chair 

Commission on Ministry 

During the past year the Commission on 
Ministry has met six times. Five of the meet- 
ings were overnight at our Diocesan Confer- 
ence Center in Browns Summit. The sixth 
meeting was held at our Diocesan House in 
Raleigh. The commission members after seri- 
ous deliberation of each person interviewed 
render what is in our judgment the appropriate 
recommendation to the Bishop for his action. 

There seems to be some confusion on the 
part of many within the Diocese as to the 
authority of the Commission on Ministry. The 
canons of our church are quite clear on that 
issue. The Commission on Ministry is a rec- 
ommending body only. Our task is to inter- 
view all of the individuals seeking ordination 
who have been referred to us by the Bishop 
for recommendation. The Commission on Min- 
istry does not make the decision relative to 
the acceptance or redirection of the person 
whom we interview. Obviously the commis- 
sion's recommendation plays a significant role 
on the Bishop's decision to accept or redirect 
the person. The Bishop does not have to accept 
the recommendation of the commission. 

The members of the commission respectful- 
ly request that communication about the in- 
dividuals in the ordination process be addres- 
sed to the Bishop. We on the commission try 

very diligently to guard our integrity as a re- 
commending unit. 

The commission members take their re- 
sponsibilities very seriously and we attempt 
to guide the person through the process with 
dignity and compassion. The members of the 
commission find it extremely painful when 
we make an unfavorable recommendation to 
the Bishop. Conversely we are filled with joy 
when we make favorable recommendations. 

There are sixteen members on the Commis- 
sion on Ministry. All of us are very different 
but all of us share a great love for this church. 
We ask for your prayers, trust, and support. 
We shall continue to assist the Bishop as he 
seeks to select and nurture the persons who 
will ultimately serve the church of God in an 
ordained capacity. 

The Rev. Cyril Burke, Chairperson 

Summary Report of the 

The Chancellor's 1987 Report in full is be- 
ing made to the Bishop and to the Conven- 
tion, and will appear in the 1988 Journal. The 
following is a summary of said activities. 

As I am charged in the canons, I have been 
available at all times during 1987 "to advise 
regarding any questions of law which may 
arise in the administration of Diocesan af- 
fairs." In the discharge of this duty I have at 
various times during the year advised the 
Bishop, the Suffragan Bishop, the Diocesan 
Business Administrator, and other Diocesan 
and parochial officials, clergy and lay, on a 
good many such matters. Included, among 
others, are the following: (al Requirements 
for the encumbrance of mission property; (bl 
Status of a person as an "inactive member" of 
a congregation; (cl An interpretation of trusts 
under the will of Maude B. Inscoe of which 
both Good Shepherd, Raleigh, and the Diocese 
are beneficiaries; |dl The conveyance to the 
Diocese of East Carolina of property in Fayet- 
teville that belonged to the Diocese of North 
Carolina before the creation of East Carolina; 
(e) The conveyance by the Trustees of the Dio- 
cese to Christ Church, Albemarle, a parish, of 
its property previously titled in the Trustees; 
(fl Obtained the consent for the substitution 
in New York of the Trustee under the will of 
Carolyn S. Mayer, of which the Diocese is a 
remainder beneficiary; (g) Advice regarding a 
trust under the will of Edward White in War- 
ren County; (hi Certified to its accountants 
that the Diocese is not involved in any litiga- 
tion against it; (il Advice as to the terms of a 
gift to Trinity, Scotland Neck, for use in the 
upkeep of its cemetery; (j) Advice against the 
incorporation of "Happening," a youth group; 
(kl Advice as to possible tax problems involv- 
ed in the Diocese acting as a conduit for gifts 
to a third party; (1) The requirement that ves- 
try action must be by majority vote only; (ml 
Advice concerning problems as to the main- 
tenance of St. Luke's cemetery in Tarboro; (nl 
Advice that a priest cannot serve on a vestry; 
(ol Requirements to allow Thompson Orphan- 
age to permit the erection of a child care cen- 
ter on property previously given the City of 
Charlotte for playground purposes; (p) Advice 
to the Bishop on a deposition matter. 

In addition: (a) Attended a gathering at St. 
Augustine's College connected with the quar- 
terly meeting there of the Executive Council 
of the National Church; (bl Gave a paper to 
the Diocese's Episcopal Lay Administrator's 
Association; (cl Served as a member of the 
Commission on Constitution and Canons; (d) 
As Chancellor and Parliamentarian attended 
all sessions of both the regular and the Special 
Diocesan Convention in 1987; (el With Bishop 
Vest and our wives attended the Conference 
of Chancellors of the Fourth Province held in 
South Carolina. 

Joseph B. Cheshire, Jr., Chancellor 

Saint Mary's College 

The opening of the 145th academic year at 
Saint Mary's College on August 25, 1987 mark- 
ed an increased enrollment of 465 students. 
One of the major goals of the school has been 
to increase our enrollment with those students 
who will most benefit from the Saint Mary's 
experience— academically, socially, and spiri- 
tually. The success of the Admissions Office 
in attracting young women ready to take ad- 
vantage of the educational program and pro- 
vide leadership is apparent. 

The availability of scholarship money is a 
crucial part of the college's recruiting strategy. 
Many of the students we would most like to 
enroll need financial assistance, the Presiden- 

tial Scholarship is one of the most prestigious 
merit awards, given to students who have not 
only demonstrated an impressive academic re- 
cord, but also a record of community service. 
This year, 14 Presidential Scholarships, cover- 
ing full tuition, were awarded. The group 
meets together regularly with their faculty 
sponsor and other guests for discussions on 
challenging and controversial subjects. 

A brand new scholarship was awarded to 
four students this year. Given by an anony- 
mous trustee of the college, the Trustee Scholar- 
ship is worth $3,000 to each recipient. Tuition 
assistance to daughters of Episcopal clergy in 
the five affiliated dioceses has also been in- 
creased; boarding students now receive $1,500 
assistance. This reflects the college's contin- 
uing commitment to our Episcopal family. 

A summer reading requirement was re- 
instituted for all students this year. High 
school and college students were required to 
read three books, which included David Cop- 
perfield for everyone. Discussion groups were 
held with faculty members during the open- 
ing weeks of school, and all students were re- 
quired to write short essays about the books. 
Parents and alumnae have been very suppor- 
tive of this program, and students are waiting 
to see what next summer's list will be. 

Saint Mary's has a rich tradition from 
which to draw for new strength. One of our 
challenges is to continue to uphold and nur- 
ture the values of our tradition in ways which 
are meaningful to young women in 1987. We 
keep in mind that we are training leaders for 
the 21st century. We seek to create a grad- 
uate literate in the great events of the Judeo- 
Christian tradition and Western civilization. 
Required chapel reflects this commitment. 

In addition to four weekly services, the 
Chapel program sponsors our outreach in the 
community. Groups of students are currently 
serving as volunteers at the Governor More- 
head School, Frankie Lemmon School for the 
Mentally Retarded, Hillhaven Convalescent 
Center, and as sponsors of Brownie troops at 
local schools. Nearly 100 students serve as 
acolytes, lay readers, altar guild members and 
Vestry members. During the 1986-87 school 
year, 99 services were held in the Chapel. 

We feel we can assure you that you have 
every reason to be proud of living in the home 
diocese of the Episcopal high school and col- 
lege for women, the only one of its kind in 
the country. 

Clauston L. Jenkins, President 

Department of Finance 
and Business Methods 

The purpose of the Department of Finance 
and Business Methods as stated in Canon 15 
of the Diocesan Canons is that it: "shall 
direct, coordinate, and administer the business 
affairs of the Diocese not vested by Canon in 
other officers and agencies and not otherwise 
assigned by the Council." According to these 
stated guidelines, the Department reports the 
following actions taken in 1987: 

1. —Considered the question of contribu- 
tions into the various Diocesan Trust Funds 
and the distribution of income therefrom, 
and made the following recommendations: 

-That any funds tendered to the Diocese 
for a new fund be first reviewed by this De- 
partment before acceptance. 

-That there be no minimum amount esta- 
blished for contribution to any of the trust 

-That there be no quarterly income distri- 
butions of less than $50.00. 

2. Recommended that Diocesan personnel 
covered under group hospitalization insurance 
who terminate their association with the Dio- 
cese of North Carolina may continue hospital- 
ization insurance coverage for a temporary 
period of time until other coverage can be 
secured, but such temporary coverage will be 
available only upon written application and 
agreement to pay the premium for such cover- 
age. This Department prepared the necessary 

3. Received and considered the recommen- 
dation from the North Carolina Episcopal 
Clergy Association for adoption of a Resolu- 
tion urging the Diocese of North Carolina 
and each Congregation therein to include as 
soon as possible a Social Security Offset 
Allowance in clergy compensation according 
to a defined formula. This Department re- 
commended that a Resolution be drafted for 
adoption at the 1988 Diocesan Convention to 
request the U.S. Congress to enact the neces- 
sary Social Security regulations so that, for 
Social Security purposes, Episcopal Clergy 
will be treated as employees rather than self- 


mere are sixteen members on 
the Commission on Ministry. All 
of us are very different, but all of 
us share a great love for this 
church. We ask for your prayers, 
trust, and support. We shall con- 
tinue to assist the Bishop as he 
seeks to select and nurture the 
persons who will ultimately serve 
the church of God in an ordained 

—Report of the Commission on 


f ur plans for expansion in- 
clude not only a swimming pool 
but also an activities building, 
more appropriate housing and 
separate eating facilities. The ad- 
ditional housing will also be help- 
ful in accommodating our larger 
parish family weekends and better 
handling of the annual clergy con- 

—Report of the Board of Direc- 
tors of The Conference Center 

4. For the Diocesan staff, exclusive of the 
two Bishops, progress has been made in the 
following areas: 

-Implementation of Annual Evaluations. 
-Employment Application. 
-Development of Job Descriptions. 

5. Consulted with the Diocesan Business 
Manager on numerous matters, included 
among these being: 

-Development of a Requisition Form for 
use in requesting expenditure of Diocesan 

-Updating and implementing of a Parish 
Treasurers' Handbook and Manual. 

-Review of insurance questions and ex- 
pansion of the Insurance Committee. 

-Proper review and analysis of Parish 
Parochial Reports. 

6. Submitted salary recommendations for 
1988 for the Episcopal Maintenance Fund 
falling within the purview of this Department. 

7. Recommended clergy minimum salary 
increases for 1988. 

8. Recommended mileage refunds within 
federal guidelines for diocesan business 
travel, if such refunds are requested. 

9. Considered and presented to Council in- 
formation concerning provision of income re- 
placement insurance coverage for all Diocesan 
staff, conference center staff and chaplains. 

10. Considered and recommended to Coun- 
cil adoption of a policy providing for Clergy 
Sabbaticals after five to seven years service in 
a given position. 

11. Advised and assisted the Treasurer of 
the Diocese in overseeing the expenditure of 
Diocesan funds. 

Mahlon W. DeLoatch, Jr., Chairman 

Board of Directors of 
the Conference Center 

Your Conference Center will have completed 
six (6) full calendar years of operation by 
January 1988: The usage of this Center still 
continues to grow in spite of the fact that our 
complete facilities have not yet been accom- 
plished as we originally planned. 

Through ten (10) months of 1987, our oc- 
cupancy rate was down slightly for Diocesan 
use but up for outside usage to give us a 10% 
overall increase over 1986. Both bednights 
and meals served showed a considerable in- 
crease compared to 1986. 

While we do not have a final year's figures 
at this time, through ten (101 months our gross 
income is slightly more than 1986. It should 
be noted that the severe weather in our first 
quarter caused significant cancellations and 
the recovery in the second (2nd) and third 
(3rd) quarters was remarkably good. We be- 
lieve at this time that we will break even or 
have a small deficit at year end. This is due to 
the severe weather last winter plus increased 
expense especially payroll. 

The third (3rd) Board of Visitors was held 
in late April and again Emmett Sebrell did a 
fine job in presenting the Conference Center 
to our visitors. 

Gifts to the Conference Center are always 
welcome but due to a probable Diocesan Capi- 
tal Fund Drive, we did not institute a sepa- 
rate campaign. Gifts from parishes, Board of 
Visitors and individuals did total $25,980.00 
through October. 

These gifts are used for miscellaneous 
capital needs. The Board decided in Novem- 
ber to proceed with a resurfacing of our road 
which we believe all recent visitors will be 
extremely pleased with. Other small capital 
expenditures were also made. 

The Board of Directors have met three (3) 
times so far with one (1) meeting canceled in 
the winter due to snow and ice. The Execu- 
tive Committee has met seven (7) times at this 
writing along with various committees of the 
Board. The six (61 members of our Board who 
rotate off in January are Mrs. Phyllis Barrett, 
Mrs. May Sherrod, Mr. A.H.A. Williams and 
the Revs. Verdery Kerr, Stephen Elkins- 
Williams and G. Kenneth Henry. The Board 
appreciates very much their devoted and con- 
structive service and their successors will be 
named at the Diocesan Convention. 

The great news, however, is that the Spe- 
cial Convention at St. Mary's in September 
voted to call for a Diocesan Campaign to be 
started promptly and featuring the expansion 
of the Conference Center, especially the youth 

The Board not only wants to express its 
appreciation to its retiring members, but all 
former directors and the many others who 
worked and voted for this sorely needed ex- 

Our Conference Center, as you know, does 
not have the advantage of the mountains or 

seashore and the lack of adequate swimming 
facilities has been extremely detrimental in 
attracting the youth of the Diocese. Our plans 
for expansion include not only a swimming 
pool but also an activities building, more ap- 
propriate housing and separate eating facili- 
ties. The additional housing will also be help- 
ful in accommodating our larger parish family 
weekends and better handling of the annual 
clergy conference. 

In closing, we would especially like to 
congratulate Dick Hord, Betty Brown, Phil 
Whitacre, Bob Nordbruch and Brenda Purcell 
and to the other members of the staff. Their 
loyalty and efficiency was superior during 
this past year and we look forward to their 
dedicated service in the years to come. 

L.A. Tomlinson, Jr., Vice Chairman 

Evangelism and Renewal 

This report needs to begin with a note of 
thanksgiving for many people, and the varied 
gifts they shared during the last year. Some- 
times any commission's most difficult task 
may be to recognize and appreciate the work 
the Holy Spirit is already doing. For that work, 
we are thankful. 

The Evangelism and Renewal Commission 
works on two levels. First, the commission 
serves as the coordinator of many diocesan 
activities. In that role this report will mention 
several group's activities. Second, the com- 
mission's own events will also be mentioned. 

The year 1987 was exciting and productive. 
Several renewal groups continued to provide 
their offerings to the diocese. The Anglican 
Fellowship of Prayer and the E.C.W. esta- 
blished a prayer network in the Raleigh con- 
vocation. The intent is that this will be a pilot 
for a diocesan-wide prayer network. The two 
renewal groups oriented toward young peo- 
ple, Y.E.S. and Happening, both completed 
two full weekends this year. Y.E.S. located a 
camp which will provide better facilities for 
future weekends. 

All 3 weekends Cursillo offered have been 
full with a total of 106 first fulltime parti- 
cipants. Faith Alive held a weekend for St. 
Paul's in Cary. Marriage Encounter referred 
interested couples to nearby dioceses. The 
Society of St. John the Evangelist continues to 
provide the valuable resource of St. John's 
House in Durham. The Brotherhood of St. 
Andrew also continued their valuable work 
in the diocese and are looking forward to a 
national meeting here in 1988. The Order of 
St. Luke's year has been very productive. At 
least one new chapter is anticipated in 1988. 
Kairos, a renewal ministry for men in prison, 
made excellent progress toward an active role 
in this diocese. 

The commission offered a renewal weekend 
led by Bishop William Frey of Colorado at 
Christ Church, Charlotte. The commission's 
major new thrust was presenting workshops 
entitled "Evangelism for Episcopalians." 
These consist of 5 separate workshops on 
how evangelism is part of our life in 'the areas 
of Service, Worship, New Members, Witnessing, 
and Pastoral Care. All-day workshops were 
held at All Saints', Concord and St. Timothy's, 
Winston-Salem. As a spinoff from those 
workshops, commission members spoke at 
several parishes with a focus on one of those 
5 areas. 

The year 1988 looks to be even more exci- 
ting than 1987. The commission will increase 
its emphasis on offering parishes information 
through workshops and other speakers. The 
proposed budget includes funds to offer a 
workshop for parish evangelism committee 
chairmen. The tentative topic is "new mem- 
ber incorporation." As we continue to increase 
the information we have to share, we learn 
over and over again how many activities we 
all should be proud of and thankful for in our 

Ken Kroohs, Chairman 

Clergy Deployment 

In 1987 the Clergy Deployment Commission 
continued its ministry of assisting clergy in 
registering with the Church Deployment Of- 
fice (CDO) in New York and in assisting par- 
ishes in their search for clergy. 

Diocesan clergy were contacted by mail or 
in person and urged to update with the CDO. 
Many clergy took advantage of this invitation 
and conferred with members of the Commis- 

The excellent work of the North Carolina 

Episcopal Consultant Network continues to 
be essential in the diocesan search process. 
Small congregations should note that a spe- 
cial manual for their search process has been 
developed and is available from the Bishop's 

Members of the Commission (the Revs. 
William Lantz, James Mathieson and Nancy 
Reynolds Pagano) look forward to continuing 
their assistance to the diocese in 1988. 

The Rev. William E. Smyth 
Clergy Deployment Officer 

Parish Grant Commission 

Since 1972, when the Parish Grant Commis- 
sion was created by the Diocesan Council to 
carry out the mandate of that year's Conven- 
tion, 144 different grants to congregations 
have been made for a total expenditure of 

The Parish Grant program has provided 
seed money to congregations of this diocese 
to help them in their efforts to become in- 
volved in social outreach in their local com- 
munities, with an emphasis on member par- 
ticipation and ecumenical cooperation. Filling 
in the application forms, available from the 
Diocesan House, requires careful planning so 
as to meet the Council's criteria, which it is 
the task of the Commission to monitor. The 
specific guidelines of the program stipulate 
that innovative pilot projects are particularly 
to be encouraged and that assurances are to 
be given that future funding has been con- 
sidered. Vestries are required to supervise the 
expenditure of grants and the Parish Grant 
Commission receives year-end evaluations of 
each program. 

In 1986 the Parish Grant Commission ap- 
peared for the first time as a line item in the 
diocesan budget. Previous sources of of fun- 
ding, diocesan trust funds or budget surpluses, 
were unreliable; furthermore, this kind of 
funding strategy did not truly reflect the com- 
mitment of the Diocese to the outreach min- 
istry of its congregations. 

Congregations large and small have called 
on this resource to assist them in new ven- 
tures among those in need in the name of 
Christ. The commission been heartened by 
the diverse and generous witness made by 
Episcopal Churches throughout the commu- 
nities of our Diocese. 

The Rev. William E. Smyth, Chairman 

Commission on 
Women's Issues 

Ever since the Commission on Women's 
Issues has existed as a task force, we have 
periodically reviewed and reworked our mis- 
sion statement' to keep it current with our 
working objectives. Our commission wants a 
church community that gives women oppor- 
tunities to deepen their spiritual life, to serve 
that community with all their talents, and to 
witness to the Gospel by word and example 
both as lay and clergy women. Because of 
the inclusion in Part 11(A) of the NC 2000 
Report "to enhance the Diocesan volume and 
level of female leadership, both clergy and 
lay," we are encouraged that our goals— the 
increase of women in policy-making deci- 
sions and the employment of more female 
clergy— are also those of the NC 2000 Com- 

Listed below is a summary of our activities 
during the current year. 

At the Diocesan Convention and the ECWs 
Annual Meeting we presented the documen- 
tary, "Women in Poverty: The NC Story," 
which described how easy it is for a woman 
to find herself in poverty and how difficult it 
is for her to escape. 

We continue to educate men and women 
in the Diocese to the needs of women thrown 
suddenly into the work force. The Lex Math- 
ews Scholarship fund is our practical and 
symbolic answer to this problem. We advo- 
cated that this scholarship be included in the 
Diocesan fund drive and are excited that this 
has become a reality. We expect to reach 
$30,000 soon so that we can begin offering a 
modest scholarship with the interest. In order 
to publicize the fund more effectively, we 
now have an attractive brochure that is being 
distributed throughout the parishes. 

At the 1987 Diocesan Convention, dele 
gates passed a resolution on affirmative action 
as it applies to women in the Church. In order 
to implement an effective plan through the 
search process, members of our commission 
have met with members of the Deployment 
Commission and the Consultant Network, 

The Communicant 

who have been enthusiastic and supportive 
about working with us. 

A recent compilation of figures showing 
the number of women serving in such parish 
positions as senior and junior wardens, trea- 
surers, and priests and such diocesan posi- 
tions as Standing Committee, Diocesan Coun- 
cil, and Commission on Ministry shows that 
this Diocese has a long way to go to achieve 
equality in leadership. That is true whether 
the figures represent elective or appointive 

We continue to search for the best way to 
offer support to Episcopal women in ministry, 
lay and clergy. We desire input from these 
women themselves and so far, are excited by 
their enthusiasm. Our Second Decade Con- 
ference was held June 5-7 at St. Mary's College, 
co-sponsored by the college and by the ECW; 
this celebrated the second decade of the or- 
dination of women in the Episcopal Church. 
Out of the 52 persons attending, nine came 
from outside the diocese, 43 from inside the 
diocese; 15 were clergy or in process; 37 were 
laity; 51 were women, one, male. The enthu- 
siasm was so great that Janet Watrous is plan- 
ning another conference to be held on campus 
in 1988. 

We have begun building a Talent Bank of 
women qualified for appointive and elective 
Diocesan positions, to support both clergy 
and lay women as they seek leadership roles 
and to have a network of representatives in 
every parish in the Diocese. One of our Com- 
mission members, Colleen Hartsoe, is work- 
ing out a detailed plan of increasing this par- 
ish representative list. A fall conference is in 
the planning stage; in fact, we have reserved 
the Conference Center for Sept. 23-24, 1988. 

It is difficult to determine how many peo- 
ple receive information about our program. 
Our most effective method has been a quar- 
terly newsletter from CWI initiated in 1987, 
and mailed to someone in every parish. Or- 
ganizations within the Diocese have begun 
showing interest in the Commission's activi- 
ties. We will have a slide presentation on the 
Second Decade Conference for groups to bor- 
row as well as a videotape of the "Women in 
Poverty" film mentioned earlier. 

We developed an organization plan for 
ourselves that we hope will be a model in 
openness and wide lay involvement. This 
plan was presented to the Bishop and CSM 
Director and met with their approval. Part of 
our plan includes a system insuring that mem- 
bers will rotate off the Commission after three 
years and that the chairperson will serve no 
more than two terms. At the end of 1987, four 
nembers of the original task force will be 
replaced. We thank the Bishop, the late Lex 
Mathews, and the 1986 Convention for the 
opportunity to serve this Diocese in its effort 
to encourage the empowerment of all its mem- 

Even though we have a full agenda with 
the programs listed above, the Long Range 
Planning Committee recently reported to the 
Commission its recommendation to move in 
the next few years into broad issues that af- 
fect women: Child abuse, wife abuse, AIDS, 
economic status. 

The Commission on Women's Issues 
believes that the overriding inequity facing 
women today is their low income base. That 
becomes not simply women's problems but 
everyone's problem. In our Church today, we 
are challenged by an increasing number of 
complex issues that demand solution in inno- 
vative ways. Until we involve both men and 
women in the decision-making process, we 
are utilizing only half of our energy and avail- 
able talent. How to encourage women to real- 
ize their potential is everyone's problem. Our 
commission can only serve as catalyst for 
change. An increase in the number of women 
in leadership positions would indicate change 
was occurring. There are so many factors 
that stand in the way of a woman's being able 
to offer herself as a leader that any action of 
the Church that recognizes this and deter- 
mines to do something about it would be a 
sign of success. 

Sally S. Cone, Chair 

Department of Records 
and History and Registrar 

The big event for the Department of Records 
and History in 1987 was, of course, the publi- 
cation, after 20 years of preparation, of The 
Episcopal Church in North Carolina, 1701-1959. 
The book was guided through its final stages 
by the committee headed by Dr. Sarah Lem- 
mon with the invaluable assistance of Matthew 
Hodgson, director of the UNC Press. Distri- 
bution is being handled through the diocesan 

book store at St. Stephen's Church in Oxford. 
Copies will be available at the Convention in 
January, and it certainly should be in the 
library of every congregation in the Diocese. 

The Department honored the nine living 
authors of the chapters in the History at an 
open house and autographing event in the 
Diocesan House in November. Three who 
wrote chapters for the book— Hugh T. Lefler, 
James W. Patton, and James S. Brawley— are 
now deceased. The other nine— Sarah Mc- 
Culloh Lemmon, Henry W. Lewis, Blackwell 
P. Robinson, William S. Powell, Lawrence 
Foushee London, George H. Esser, L. Bartine 
Sherman, Lawrence Fay Brewster, and 
Elizabeth W. Thomson— were all at the open 
house, the first time ever they had all been 

At the 1987 Convention the Department 
and the Convention honored Dr. Lawrence 
London with a resolution and a plaque recog- 
nizing his 50 years as Historiographer for the 
Diocese of North Carolina. Dr. Frank Grubbs 
was named as new Historiographer and he 
serves as an ex officio member of this Depart- 
ment. His first project in this capacity is work- 
ing on the development of a directory of the 
churches in the Diocese which will contain a 
brief history of each one. 

Dr. Nelle Bellamy, archivist for the Nation- 
al Episcopal Archives, was keynote speaker 
for the annual Parish Historians conference 
and workshop in the fall. The conference in- 
cluded detailed instructions and demonstra- 
:ion of the conservation of parish records by 
our own archivist, Michelle Francis. 

The Business Administrator, Letty Magdanz, 
met with the Department to discuss the pre- 
servation of business records on microfilm. 

The Secretary of the Diocese, the Ven. Neff 
Powell, met with the Department to discuss 
his work as Secretary, especially the publica- 
tion of the Journal. A time table and a sche- 
dule of responsibilities has been worked out 
with the hope that this will facilitate a more 
timely production of the Journal. 

Acquisitions for the archives this year in- 
clude papers of John Norton Atkins, an early 
missionary in the western part of the State, 
given by his son George; Bishop Fraser's pa- 
pers, the journal of Bishop Cheshire's official 
acts, and some of Bishop Lyman's papers, all 
of which had been deposited with the Southern 
Historical Collection in Chapel Hill; additional 
papers and books given by George London of 
Raleigh; and a collection of Bishop Penick's 

Members of the Department are the Chair- 
man and Lucy Davis from the Diocesan 
Council, Archivist Michelle Francis, Historiog- 
rapher Frank Grubbs, Carolyn Hager, Sarah 
Lemmon, George London, the Rev. William 
Price, Patricia Rosenthal and the Rev. Bartine 

The Chairman of this Department is, by 
Canon, also the Registrar, and because the 
responsibilities assigned to that position are 
in fact part of the work done by the Depart- 
ment, this report serves as both the report of 
the Registrar and of the Department of 
Records and History. 

Jane R. House, Chairman 

Commission on Historic 
St. John's 

Seemingly out of place in space and time, it 
sits near a village crossroad, a magnificent ex- 
ample of colonial architecture reminding us 
of the Sacred. In its secular history the world 
moved away, decade by decade. No communi- 
cants, no congregation— St. John's, Williams- 
boro, reminds us that without witness, wor- 
ship or ministry there is no life in a church. 

Yet there is a responsibility to still make 
history live and remind us of the spread of 
the Gospel through generations. At least three 
times a year the Committee for Historic St. 
John's hosts special services; and on summer 
Sunday afternoons keeps open the doors to 
all visitors and pilgrims. 

This past year our annual service (always the 
second Sunday in October) was a Eucharist, 
with Dr. Frank Grubbs, Historiographer of 
the Diocese, our speaker. Once again we host- 
ed an Ascension Eve Eucharist; and a candle- 
light carol service on the Sunday before Christ- 

The Committee has welcomed special 
school groups and civic organizations plus 
two confirmation classes. We have overseen 
use of the property and building. The Com- 
mittee thanks the Guild members who have 
helped us and the interest shown by so many 
of the diocese in our mother church. 

The Rev. Harrison T. Simons, Chairman 

Land Stewardship 

The Land Stewardship Commission con- 
tinues its efforts to educate members of this 
Church on good use of God's land and care 
for His creation. 

We are grateful that Bishop Estill enlarged 
our Commission this year and added three 
persons to it; they have brought new ideas 
and specific expertise. 

To date, our attempts to get churches to in- 
clude environmental issues in their education 
curricula have not been as successful as we 
wished. Members of the Commission attended 
meetings of clergy in three convocations and 
made presentations to them explaining our 
materials and our willingness to come into 
parishes or convocations and hold workshops 
for Christian Education leaders and clergy. At 
our request, the Education and Training Com- 
mission developed a study guide to be used 
in conjunction with our Land Stewardship 
Syllabus and it was forwarded to all clergy in 
a "Please Note" mailing. We remain hopeful 
that more parishes will look at these issues 
for inclusion in their education programs. 
Our offer of help and training remains firm. 

In response to a request from the Commis- 
sion, Holy Trinity, Greensboro, agreed to 
develop a pilot program for 1988 Lenten Study 
on issues attendant to the use of the land. We 
look forward to a report and evaluation of 
this study with the expectation that it will be- 
come a model for other churches. 

Our Commission is in the process of pro- 
ducing its second slide show which will be 
available for congregational use in early 1988. 
The focus will be on stewardship around the 
home and promises to be evocative. Wallace 
Kaufman, Commission member, is the author 
of the script. 

The ecumenical work continues with the 
Land Stewardship Council. With them, we 
co-sponsored the Lex Mathews Land Steward- 
ship Conference at Camp Caraway in Novem- 
ber, with more than 60 persons in attendance. 
Speakers included Congressman David Price, 
Robert Rodell, Ferrell Guillory and among 
panel leaders were the Rev. Jim Lewis, Bill 
Bulloch and Wallace Kaufman of our Com- 
mission. Feedback was so positive that the 
Council expects to continue the Conference 
on an annual basis. 

The Council has been more legislatively ac- 
tive this year than in previous years. With 
the unanimous approval of the Board of Direc- 
tors resolutions supporting the ban on laun- 
dry phosphates, careful storage of radioactive 
waste, and cleanup of inactive and abandon- 
ed hazardous wastes dumps were forwarded 
to members of the General Assembly. While 
we see the advantage of a more pro-active 
stance, the Council has the constraint of its 
tax-free status which limits these activities. 

Continued growing ecumenical support for 
the work of the Land Stewardship Council is 
evidenced by increased financial support 
from participating judicatories. The support 
by this diocese is matched by the two Catholic 
dioceses in the State and the Presbyterian 
Synod. Giving has increased from the other 
two Episcopal dioceses in North Carolina and 
by the Methodist Conferences. 

As Chairman of the Land Stewardship 
Commission, I sit on the Board of Directors 
of the Council as the Bishop's representative. 
In that capacity I have attended the meetings 
of the Board and its annual meeting. 

It is my hope that the Diocese is aware that 
it is on the cutting edge of these issues in the 
Church and the Commission and the Council 
serve as models for the Episcopal Church. 
Our issues are also Presiding Bishop Edmond 
Browning's issues and one of his mission 
thrusts is Stewardship of God's Creation. Our 
diocesan structure is in place to move for- 
ward; we are excited about the possibilities 
before us. 

Scott T. Evans, Chairman 

Small Church Commission 

Over the years of our existence this Commis- 
sion has moved from studies of small church" 
needs and concerns to support of small chur- 
ches in living with or working through such 
needs. We have moved from awareness of iso- 
lation to reassurance of cooperative support 
and affirmation of small church ministry. But 
over these same years the Commission also 
took on the exciting responsibility of encour- 
agement and development of new congrega- 
tions which began as small churches. Both 
emphases of older churches and new ones in- 
cluded planning educational opportunities and 
strategizing for the future. But both emphases 


\he big event for the Depart- 
ment of Records and History in 
1987 was, of course, the publica- 
tion, after 20 years of preparation, 
of The Episcopal Church in 
North Carolina, 1701-1959. The 
book was guided through its final 
stages by the committee headed by 
Dr. Sarah Lemmon with the in- 
valuable assistance of Matthew 
Hodgson, director of the UNC 

—Report of the Department 
of Records and History and 

January 1988 


*o we feel good enough 
about our parishes to invite other 
people to join us? National 
statistics show that the majority of 
people go to church because they 
were invited by other members. 
How would we respond if the 
Bishop asked every communicant 
to bring one new member into his 
or her parish with the goal of 
doubling membership throughout 
the diocese in 1988? 

—Report of the Commission on 
the State of the Church 

required more work than we could continue 
to responsibly handle. 

Such led us in the Spring of this year to 
consult with our bishops and tr\e Chairperson 
of the Department of Outreach and Mission; 
and to a restructuring proposal by all of us to 
the Council of the diocese. We believe the 
results have strengthened the future of small 
churches in the diocese. The responsibility 
for locating property sites and developing 
new congregations has been assumed by the 
Department of Outreach and Mission. The 
responsibility for nurturing and supporting 
new congregations is assumed by the Small 
Church Commission when they begin their 
existence and growth. 

Such nurture and support we have attemp- 
ted to carry out by consultations to several 
congregations or by liaison teams working 
closely with some other congregations. We 
have encouraged small churches which lack 
membership or resources for a fulltime priest 
to consider new forms of parish ministry 
such as coalitions, yoked congregations, or 
parttime clergy. We have encouraged laity to 
discover and live out their own ministries in 
small congregations and to affirm the ministry 
of all— priest and people. This included a 
regional conference at Trinity Center par- 
ticipated in by four of our small churches. 

All of these steps have made us aware of a 
need for continued support and training. We 
are in the process of planning a major con- 
ference for our small churches. It will enable 
teams from each participating congregation 
to share and discover new ways to affirm 
ministry; effectively carry out mission; and 
develop or strengthen congregational life and 
witness. With six new congregations in the 
diocese we are planning a workshop in 1988 
to afford them an opportunity of sharing their 
new life and discovering help to strengthen 
their ministry and witness for the future of 
their churches in this diocese. 

It has been a busy year for this Commis- 
sion and the chairman acknowledges with 
deep appreciation the time, travel and assis- 
tance given by its members. We remain com- 
mitted to the value of total ministry for every 
small church in our diocese. 

The Rev. Harrison T. Simons, Chairman 

Commission on the 
State of the Church 

Our task is to take the pulse of the Diocese. 
As we went about this task, two areas of ma- 
jor concern emerged: church expansion and 

I. Church Expansion. 

A. Existing Congregations. It is our per- 
ception that the reasons people go to church 
today are (11 a feeling of warmth or a real sense 
of Christian Community, (2) preaching that 
moves people's souls, (31 participation in the 
Eucharist, (41 vibrant educational programs, 
(51 strong outreach. 

Do we feel good enough about our parishes 
to invite other people to join us? National 
statistics show that the majority of people go 
to church because they were invited by other 
members. How would we respond if the 
Bishop asked every communicant to bring 
one new member into his or her parish with 
the goal of doubling membership throughout 
the Diocese in 1988? 

B. New Congregations. Our Diocese is 
woefully behind in the expansion of new 
churches, especially when compared to other 
denominations in the area. We also believe it 
is important to identify and promote different 
strategies for growth and non-growth areas. 
The Diocese has made no systematic effort at 
land acquisition, conducting demographic 
studies, and projecting areas for new con- 
gregations. If we are serious, we need to con- 
sider immediately a separate department and 
fulltime person for planning and manage- 
ment, just as we have done with the capital 

II. Communication. 

A. Diocesan Family. We are becoming 
more of a diocesan family. We believe this is 
attributable to the attitude of the diocesan 
leadership, the visibility and circulation of 
diocesan staff around the Diocese, and the 
continuity brought about by three-year terms 
of diocesan delegates. The following gather- 
ings and publications have brought increased 
communication and feeling on oneness: con- 
ferences for secretaries, wardens, clergy, 
clergy spouses, parish representatives of the 
Commissions on Women's Issues, Hunger, 
Aging, Episcopal Church Women, Youth; 
Cursillo; festivals for Altar Guilds and aco- 
lytes; convocation meetings; "ECW's Patch- 
work," the clergy's "Please Note," the Clergy 

Association Newsletter, the Commission on 
Women's Issues Newsletter, parish in-house 
newsletters, and personal stories in The Com- 

B. General Public. We recommend to the 
Bishop and the Communications Commission 
that they gather together religious editors and 
Episcopalians in advertising, television, and 
print media to a think-tank conference to pro- 
be ways of getting the good news of the work, 
worship, and fellowship of the Episcopal 
Church to the general public, as well as ways 
of making the church's voice heard in public 

Finally, we feel that the Diocese of North 
Carolina has two of the best bishops of the 
Episcopal Church, some of the better clergy, 
and an unusually large number of talented 
lay leadership. Therefore, we have the respon- 
sibility to utilize these gifts to the fullest. Let 
us be bold! 

Sally S. Cone, Chair 

Education and Training 

This 20-member Commission's stated purpose 
is to enhance Christian Education in the dio- 
cese by strengthening development of minis- 
tries and growth in personal faith and con- 
gregational life; by designing and offering pro- 
grams, conferences, training events and 
resources; and by providing individual 
scholarships, assistance and consultative ser- 

In attempting to accomplish this we have 
met seven times during the year and provid- 
ed a total of 170 hours of consultations or 
parish programs to congregations in the dio- 
cese by some Commission members. Other 
members have worked with development of 
conference and workshop programs for three 
major conferences sponsored by the Commis- 
sion. Those were the Young Adults Confer- 
ence; a one day Gift Workshop led by Carolyn 
Dicer for Christian Educators; the HOPE Con- 
ference; and a regional Empowering of Minis- 
try series. The latter was a very successful 
pilot project in Greensboro in the style of the 
Lay Academy. 

The Young Adults Conference was coordi- 
nated by Katherine Broadway. It was a pilot 
program of the National Church and us, to ex- 
plore the issue of special concern to adults in 
their 20s and 30s. The issues selected by the 
Steering Committee were Identity: through 
Job, Intimacy and Power. A followup confer- 
ence is scheduled for next June 24-26 at the 
Conference Center. 

The HOPE Conference (How Our Parish 
Educates) is the second one developed by the 
Commission. The Rev. Tom Downs was key- 
noter and the 60 participants attended work- 
shops in four areas of parish education. The 
third such conference is scheduled for June 

Your Commission's other major area is in 
offering support systems for education and 
training for ministry. We support>CLAY 
(Clergy and Laity Together in Ministry), an 
ecumenical organization that offers small 
group courses in congregations. We continue 
to sponsor Sewannee's Education for Ministry, 
a four year program which provides theologi- 
cal understandings for active lay ministry. 
Our EFM coordinator is Mary Mainwaring 
who oversees twenty groups throughout the 
diocese involved in the EFM training. 

The Rev. Ted Vorhees is our supervisor for, 
and representative on, the Middle Atlantic 
Training and Consulting Association Board. 
Through our participation in MATC we were 
able to offer reduced rates for their training 
programs to 26 communicants this year and 
begin to offer MATC conferences in the dio- 
cese. The Commission also supports the N.C. 
Episcopal Consultants Network. The Network 
finalized an Interim Procedures Guide for 
Small Congregations and revised the Dioce- 
san Search Procedures guide for Parishes. 
Consultants have worked with 34 congrega- 
tions and one local or diocesan organization 
which included, involved, or affected hun- 
dreds of individuals. The Network expects to 
be self-supporting by 1989. Coordinated by 
the Rev. Rod Reineke since its beginning he 
will be succeeded this year by interim coordi- 
nator Betsy Savage. 

To provide resources to all our congrega- 
tions the Ven. Neff Powell has developed, in 
conjunction with the Communications Com- 
mission, a lending library at the Diocesan 
House. It offers videotapes, cassette tapes, 
films and curriculum resources for loan to 
congregations. The Education/Liturgy Re- 
source Center at St. Stephen's, Oxford, offers 
book and curriculum exhibits for all diocesan 

conferences and is doing the same for the 
Christian Education Office at the Episcopal 
Church Center in New York. Two of our mem- 
bers serve Christian Education in the Province. 

For the first time in years the Commission 
was requested to assist in development of 
some curriculum designs for parish use on 
the Land Stewardship program; and another 
to encourage congregational study of the 1988 
Lambeth Conference issues. 

Most of our various diocesan commissions 
work independently of each other. An initial 
meeting between our Commission and the 
Christian Social Ministries Commission point- 
ed up to us the need for more networking 
between Commissions. We hope to see such, 
and be part of such, in 1988 so that the total 
ministry of Christ is enhanced by the differ- 
ing gifts we each have to offer. 

The Rev. Harrison T. Simons, Chairman 

Archdeacon of the Diocese 

The ministry of the Archdeacon, Program 
Director, and Secretary of the Diocese reminds 
me of a roommate I had in college. He had 
been a drummer in his high school band and 
could play four different rhythms at once, a 
different one with each hand and foot. That's 
a little how I feel in this ministry. And I love it. 

The work of the Secretary of the Diocese is 
dealt with in another report. This brief report 
highlights the Program side of my ministry. 

The Education and Training Commission 
continues to thrive under the leadership of 
Harrison Simons. Individual requests for assis- 
tance, usually for Sunday School help are 
responded to. Conferences such as HOPE 
(How Our Parish Educates) were well receiv- 
ed and offered valuable assistance to the local 

The Stewardship Commission, under the 
direction of Ted Voorhees, remains strong. 
The Annual Spring Stewardship Conference 
continues to be the centerpiece of this minis- 
try. Local assistance has been given to several 
congregations, especially with the Every mem- 
ber Canvass. Five persons were trained as 
Alabama-type consultants. I am proud of the 
way that the Stewardship commission has de- 

The Small Church Commission is also 
under the leadership of the Rev. Harrison T. 
Simons. The majority of congregations in the 
Diocese are small. This Diocese is not unique 
in this, nor is the Episcopal Church unique in 
this. The Commission has especially sought 
to be sensitive to the small, rural, struggling 
congregations. The excitement and dynamic 
activity seen on the 1-85 corridor is not 
shared in all corners of the Diocese. This is 
especially noticeable in the rural and small 
town congregations. The Commission has 
served as a council of advice to the Bishops, 
has designed programs for the small churches, 
and has responded to specific requests for 
assistance and support. 

The Planned Giving Commission has 
wrestled with its purpose and direction under 
changing circumstances this year. The Rev. 
Royal Dedrick was hired to assist with Plann- 
ed Giving ministry. Mr. H. G. Nicholson ably 
served as chair until forced to retire due to ill 

The Rev. Vic Mansfield this year has done 
outstanding work as chair of the Youth Com- 
mission. The highlight of that work was the 
calling of Francis Payne to be Youth Coor- 
dinator for the Diocese. Her work with the 
Youth Commission is already bearing fruit in 
regular and large youth programs for our 
junior and senior high school students design- 
ed to support local congregational based 
youth programs. 

The Department of Mission and Outreach 
is chaired and guided by Anne Tomlinson. I 
assist that Department with its work as well 
as the closely related quarterly meetings of 
Convocation Deans and Wardens. The bulk 
of the Programs of the Diocese are carried 
out under the umbrella of the Department of 
Mission and Outreach. 

Among many miscellaneous ministries, I 
am especially proud of my work on the an- 
nual Secretaries and the annual Seniors War- 
dens Conferences. I also oversee the annual 
Clergy Conference and the annual Clergy Re- 
treat, produce a monthly newsletter for cler- 
gy and maintain a modest Resource Center at 
Diocesan House. 

The Diocese of North Carolina is a strong 
Diocese, with able, mature, and steady clergy 
and lay leadership. I am pleased to be a part 
of it. 

The Ven. Neff Powell 

The Communicant 

Department of Property 

In 1987 the work of the Department of Pro- 
perty Management was done by the members 
and Business Administrator Letty Magdanz, 
who works with the Department, with a min- 
imum of full Department meetings. 

The repairs and refurbishing of the Diocesan 
House are almost complete. The new roof 
and new lexan skylight bubbles have been in- 
stalled. The entire interior of the building has 
been repainted or repapered; the tile floor in 
the Bishop's Chapel has been cleaned; new 
carpets are in place; new furniture and blinds 
or drapes where needed have been purchased 
for the lobbies and some of the offices. The 
foundation has been laid and the new free 
standing cross in front of the building will be 
in place by the end of the year. Still to be done 
is the work on the ceiling tiles and the light- 
ing and on improvements to the handicap ac- 
cessibility. Letty Magdanz has done the on 
site supervision for this work. 

The Diehl Street property sale was com- 
pleted and the $136,390.55 netted was, by 
Council action, added to the scholarship funds 
for the Penick Home. A small piece of proper- 
ty in Franklinton was sold to an adjoining 
landowner for $2500.00. 

The entire Department met with the In- 
vestment Committee, composed of John Red, 
Jr., Garland Tucker, and William E. McCrary, 
and appropriate members of the staff at 
NCNB in Greensboro for a full discussion of 
the investments of Diocesan Trust funds. At 
the request of the Department, Ms. Magdanz 
continued to attend the regular meetings of 
the Investment Committee. 

The on site inspection of all Diocesan pro- 
perty has been completed by Jane House and 
Letty Magdanz. The preparation of the report 
with locations, descriptions, evaluations, and 
pictures is in progress. 

John Thomas, chairman 

Saint Augustine's College 

This past academic year has been one of the 
most exciting years of my presidency and it 
is my joy to share some of these "mountain 
top" experiences with you. 

Over the years I have alluded to the acute 
shortage of resident housing on our campus, 
thanks to this Board of Trustees, this has 
been alleviated through the construction of a 
new residence facility capable of accommodat- 
ing 300 students; in addition to two separate 
suites for the resident directors. 

The Executive Council of the Episcopal 
Church had its meeting on our campus in 
March of this year. It was the first time that 
this body from our National Church had ever 
been on our campus, and we are certain that 
as a result of their meeting, Saint Augustine's 
College has a host of new friends. The entire 
Council pledged its support to the three pre- 
dominately Black colleges within our Church. 

Our chapel is in dire need of renovation. 
Thanks to a grant from the United Thank Of- 
fering and other donors, we repaired our 
most pressing need, our slate roof, for $65,000. 
We are trying to devise strategies to raise mon- 
ey for remaining repairs— perhaps $200,000 
or more— through private sources, as founda- 
tions will not assist with the chapel. 

Saint Augustine's College has entered 
into an exciting partnership with the City of 
Raleigh. We are building a new outdoor track 
for our team which we will share with the 
city. We will raise $250,000 and the city will 
make us a grant of $100,000 to pay for the fa- 

We were pleased to allow a national peace 
group to use our facilities. It was a great learn- 
ing experience for our students, especially as 
they watched the interaction between the of- 
ficers and cadets of our ROTC program and 
the members of the peace group. We agoniz- 
ed over our decision to allow the peace group 
to meet on our campus, but as we reflect 
upon our decision, we state without equivo- 
cation that our decision proved to be excel- 

We have received the official audit from 
the auditors and I am pleased to inform you 
that we have operated this college in the 
black for the 21st consecutive year. We have 
done this without any diminution in our pro- 

The faculty has approved a rigorous core 
program beginning with the 1987-88 fresh- 
man class. We want to be certain that our 
graduates are able to compete in the market- 
place. Our track record has been excellent in 
the past, and we are confident that we shall 

continue to challenge our students academi- 
cally and spiritually. 

At our Board meeting in October, the Rt. 
Rev. John Burgess, retired Bishop of Massa- 
chusetts and former Chairperson of the Board, 
rotated from the Board of Trustees. Saint 
Augustine's College owes a deep sense of grati- 
tude for the unselfish, dedicated service of 
the Bishop. We rejoice that attorney Margaret 
Bush Wilson, also a devout Episcopalian, has 
assumed the position as Chairperson of the 
Board of Trustees. 

Our enrollment for the 1987-88 academic 
year is approximately 1,670. Our applicant 
pool is constantly growing and we are grateful 
that so many students from many sections of 
this country and the world want to matricu- 
late at Saint Augustine's. 

On a personal note, let me express my 
sincere thanks to so many of you throughout 
the Diocese who have wished me "Bon Voy- 
age" as I begin my sabbatical. Please keep 
the entire Saint Augustine's College family in 
your prayers. 

Prezelle Robinson, President 


The year 1987 has been a very active one for 
the Communications Commission. We con- 
tinue to be guided by a statement of purpose 
that has remained unchanged since its forma- 
tion: To provide direction to communication 
efforts in the diocese which will enhance and 
spread the work of the ministry of the Church 
and diocese in Jesus Christ, and to support 
the Communications Officer of the diocese via 
advice, counsel and encouragement. 

We are very proud of the fine work of our 
Communications Officer, Mr. John Justice. 
The Communicant continues to receive many 
awards for excellence including best Episco- 
pal newspaper as attested by the General Ex- 
cellence Award in the Polly Bond Contest of 
the Episcopal Communicators. At each meet- 
ing of the Commission, time is provided to 
share with Mr. Justice feedback concerning 
our diocesan newspaper and other projects 
and duties for which he is responsible. One 
area of difficulty cpncerns production of the 
Journal. Several things combined to make for 
a late production date this year, including late 
submittal of necessary information and time 
spent re-formatting the Journal for easier use. 
In February, an advance copy of the clergy 
directory and the Constitution and Canons 
were sent out, providing helpful information 
for the clergy and others. Additional valuable 
time was invested in preparation necessary to 
utilize the diocesan computer system and to 
bring on board a new graphics designer. We 
welcome Mary Sox, Graphics Designer and 
Art Director, and Wanda Johnson, secretary, 
to the staff. We are also very pleased that Dio- 
cesan Council member Jane House is work- 
ing hard with Mr. Justice and Secretary of 
the Diocese, Neff Powell, to streamline and 
facilitate the timely production of the Journal 
in the year ahead. 

The Commission continues to be involved 
in other areas of communication needs within 
our diocese. In further developing the Video 
Resource Library, a videotape listing was 
developed and sent to every church, church 
school, institution and ECW president in the 
diocese. Included in the listing are the names 
of available tapes with a short description. In 
many cases the length of the tape is also in- 
cluded. Information about the procedure for 
borrowing and return is included as well. 
Already there exists a need for an update and 
we hope to have both the Resource Catalogue 
and the update available at the 1988 Conven- 
tion in Raleigh. The commission has worked 
hard to be available to other commissions as 
a resource in the area of video. As a result, 
tapes have been made of the ECW keynote 
speaker at their Annual Meeting and of the 
keynote speaker at the Christian Education 
Commission workshop in May. Displays and 
mini-workshops have been provided on sev- 
eral occasions in conjunction with other Dio- 
cesan sponsored workshops. During 1987 
money was provided for the microfilming of 
old diocesan newspapers from the 19th cen- 
tury, thus preserving part of our history. 
Some of our most recent accomplishments in- 
clude 1] Participation in a video production 
for the ACTS campaign, 2) A tape for use in 
adult classes of the Bishops prior to Lambeth, 
3) Assistance on a panel concerning computer 
use in the parish for the Treasurer's Con- 
ference in December. We are also happy 
with an updated "Fact Sheet" to be handed 
out at the 1988 Convention in Raleigh, pro- 
viding helpful information to delegates for 

their use in the year ahead. At this time plans 
are underway for a Diocesan Video Confer- 
ence to be held at the Conference Center on 
Saturday, May 7. Keynote speaker Leonard 
Freeman, of the National Cathedral staff, will 
be leading this one-day conference. Further 
details will be forthcoming. 

The Communications Officer and Chairman 
of the Communications Commission invite 
inquiries and suggestions as we seek to be of 
assistance to the people of our Diocese. As 
chairman, it is my pleasure to serve with the 
talented and hard-working persons serving on 
this Commission. Constant changes in the 
field of communications make this a contin- 
ually exciting and challenging area. Please 
help us to help you. 

Leland Smith, Chairman 

Planned Giving Commission 

The Ministry of Planned Giving in our Diocese 
is continuing to develop as a Stewardship 
teaching and witnessing function. 

Although the concept of planned giving is 
sometimes perceived as giving primary em- 
phasis to the stewardship of accumulated(ing) 
assets by stressing the need for Christians, in 
particular, to have regular and periodic finan- 
cial "check-ups" (estate, or financial planning), 
the knowledge and insight that are gained 
therein does impact upon budgeting and the 
prioritizing of a Christian's financial resources 
to the extent that both annual giving and capi- 
tal giving are illuminated and facilitated— i.e., 
our total stewardship of life is enriched and en- 
hanced. This has been widely and standardly 
experienced by those participating in this pro- 
cess. We continue to make available to our 
parishes and missions the services of our part 
time Planned Giving Officer, The Rev. "Roy" 
Dedrick, who will make suitable presenta- 
tions to vestries, adult church school, E.C.W., 
pre-retirement and retired member groups, 
and other congregation sponsored meetings. 

Among the programs presented during 1987, 
there was a combination preaching— teaching/ 
regular Sunday service— luncheon— "mini"- 
estate planning seminar at Calvary Church, 
Tarboro, in March, and also a presentation in 
May at Holy Trinity, Greensboro under the 
auspices of Holy Trinity's The Ministry of 
The Aging, entitled, "A Gift of Love for My 
Family". There were also several vestry meet- 
ings, along with numerous meetings with in- 
dividual clergy and lay leaders. Mr. John S. 
Thomas, a member of the commission, made 
several presentations at St. Thomas' Church 
in Reidsville. 

The Planned Giving Officer attended a pro- 
fessional development meeting at the Bishop 
Duncan Conference Center in Delray Beach, 
Florida, along with colleagues from other dio- 
ceses, where in addition to continuing educa- 
tion advantages, we organized a network to 
share ongoing salient developments of mutual 

Your Planned Giving Officer has been at- 
tending regularly the scheduled meetings of 
the Stewardship Commission, by invitation, 
and with great benefit. 

A principal goal of the Planned Giving 
Commission is to help each parish and mis- 
sion establish and maintain a local planned 
giving program tailored to its particular needs. 
Please call upon us. Presently, the members 
of this Commission are: Gillie Nicholson, 
John Thomas, Randall May, John Q. Beard, 
Harvey W. White Jr., the Rev. Royal Dedrick, 
Mahlon DeLoatch. 

The Rev. Royal F. Dedrick 
For H. Gilliam Nicholson, Chairman 

Companion Diocese 

Renewal, maintenance, growth, and commit- 
ment are words which identify the meaning 
and significance of the relationship between 
the Diocese of North Carolina and the Dio- 
cese of Belize. 

Renewal evoked the recommitment bet- 
ween the two dioceses to continue our rela- 
tionship for another three years. In January— 
the Diocese of North Carolina voted to renew 
the relationship which the Diocese of Belize 
had voted on earlier. In March this was ac- 
cepted by the Executive Council of our nation- 
al church. During the prior three years of the 
establishment of the relationship, trust and 
understanding developed and there was an 
increased interest and awareness of the rela- 

Maintenance of the relationship was mani- 
fest in many ways throughout both dioceses 


W We \ 

le were pleased to allow a 
national peace group to use our 
facilities. It was a great learning 
experience for our students, es- 
pecially as they watched the inter- 
action between the officers and 
cadets of our ROTC program and 
the members of the peace group. 

—Report of Saint Augustine's 

January 1988 


ifter income, a shortfall of 
$24,592 remains. To balance the 
budget, the Council has reduced 
the recommended appropriations 
for purposes other than salaries, 
employee fringe benefits, travel, 
mission church assistance, con- 
ference center, and national 
church's program by 7.9% across 
the board. 

—Report of the Budget Depart- 

over the past years. Three priests went to Belize 
and spent about three months in the area 
ministering to and being ministered to by the 
Belizians. In March the Diocese of North Caro- 
lina undertook Lenten Mission 1987, a week 
set aside in March during Lent, where each 
convocation was host to representatives from 
Belize. This mission was established in such 
a way that the whole diocese had an oppor- 
tunity to participate in dialogue, worship, edu- 
cation, and have and-^also-be host/hostess to 
those from Belize. The Belizians participated 
not only within churches in the individual 
convocations but were taken to various sites 
such as soup kitchens, the Penick Home etc. 
to witness service within our diocese. 

Growth includes the experience of nine 
young people and four adults representing 
the Diocese of North Carolina who went to 
Belize for seventeen days in July. This Sum- 
mer Discovery Program was jointly sponsored 
by the Diocese of North Carolina and the Dio- 
cese of Belize. The group lived, worked and 
played in an atmosphere of genuine Christian 
love. Frustrations, joys, sorrows but most of 
all growth were experienced by all. The rela- 
tionships that developed and the understand- 
ing and love displayed by all working within 
this intense setting were magnified by the 
way in which many difficult situations were 
handled. Our group's primary purpose was to 
work with a group of Belizians— also-youth and 
adults— in planning, preparing and presenting 
a week long Bible School in Belize City for six- 
ty children. The next week was spent in the 
fishing village of Placencia where our young 
people participated in a summer camp with 
rural Belizian young people. 

Growth? Our group had the opportunity to 
work and learn from the people of a different 
culture. We had the opportunity to learn 
about ourselves, our reactions to adversity- 
physical and mental. We had the opportunity 
for reflection and greater understanding about 
our journey in life. And— more importantly— 
we had the opportunity to reflect on the mean- 
ing of forgiveness— deepening spirituality and 
the meaning of what it is to be God's people. 

Commitment includes the upcoming plans 
for the next two years. As the relationship 
continues between the Diocese of North 
Carolina and the Diocese of Belize— we plan 
to offer another youth trip in 1988 to Belize 
as well as having the oppportunity of some 
Belizian youth coming to visit us. We plan to 
initiate another clergy conference in Belize 
and hope to have some adults here for a 
special event. Monies continue to be designa- 
ted for Belize and we are excited about the 
support that continues within our diocese for 
the Belize Program. 

Commitment also includes communication 
and we are aware of the relationships that 
have been established and the correspondence 
that takes place. This past year the Diocese 
of Belize has developed their own church 
newspaper which has been very informative 
of what is taking place within their diocese and 
there has been a youth group established at 
one of their churches. 

Renewal, maintenance, growth and com- 
mitment are words to express the work of the 
commission and we encourage and challenge 
each of you to join us in working over the 
next two years with the Diocese of Belize. 

Martha B. Alexander, Chairman 

Budget Department 

1988 budgets recommended by the Council 
for the Episcopal Maintenance Fund and the 
Church's Program Fund are set out below. 

The Church's Program budget differs from 
that approved by Council in September and 
presented to the Convocations in November 
because acceptances are $69,092 less than 
asked. After income, a shortfall of $24,592 re- 
mains. To balance the budget, the Council has 
reduced the recommended appropriations for 
purposes other than salaries, employee fringe 
benefits, travel, mission church assistance, 
conference center, and national church's pro- 
gram by 7.9% across the board. 

Several items were not reduced by a full 
7.9% because they include salary or travel 
funds. These items are 20, 24, 27, 31, 36, 40, 
and 64. Items 70 and 70a are entirely for sal- 
ary assistance. 

A similar reduction in the 1987 Church's 
Program budget was avoided by appropria- 
ting undesignated fund balances from prior 
years. As of December 31, 1987, there is no 
undesignated fund balance in the Church's 
Program Fund. 

Joseph Ferrell, Chair 

Summary Report of the Investment Committee 

The Investment committee is responsible for 
the investment of the Common Trust Fund 
of the Diocese, which is a pooled fund for a 
large number of individual trustf , and a Fund 
managed for the benefit of the Thompson 
Home. These two funds are actively managed 
by the Trust Department of the NCNB Na- 

1983 1984 

Number of shares 214,730 

Net Annual Income $249,666 

Net Income per share $1.16 

Market Value per share $19.64 

Income Yield per share 5.9% 

The historic stock market collapse in October 
caused a sudden shift downward in the asset 
value of the Common Trust Fund by approx- 
imately 10.5%. It is worth noting however, in 
spite of the sharp drop in share prices, the 
fund during calendar year 1987 has increased 
in value by almost 5% as of November 1, 

Further, the unprecedented stock market 
and interest rate volatility is not expected to 

Diocesan Common Trust Fund: 

Principal Cash 

Revolving Note 

Government Bonds 

Corporate Bonds 

Episcopal Church Building Fund Bond 

Common Stocks 

Fund for the benefit of Thompson Home: 

Principal Cash 
Revolving Note 
Government Bonds 

tional Bank, and have been for a number of 

Listed below is a comparison of the market 
value and income on each share of the Com- 
mon Trust Fund for the last five years as of 
each September 30th: 
























unfavorably affect the present level of cur- 
rent income for the coming year. The Fund 
for the benefit of the Thompson Home which 
invests only in fixed income instruments, 
gained 2.7% in value during October 1987 
and is up some 2.5% during calendar year 
1987 to date. 

As of September 30, 1987, the funds super- 
vised by the Investment Committee were in- 
vested as follows: 

Carrying Value 

$ 60.46 







i 70,855.01 




Market Value 

$ 60.46 




$ 70,855.01 




John W. Red Jr., Chairman 

Hunger Commission 

The Commission serves to augment, encour- 
age, and support hunger projects in localities 
throughout the Diocese. Commission mem- 
bers have found themselves in awe of what is 
being accomplished on local levels. We dis- 
covered that small size is no barrier to social 
ministry. In fact the most impressive record 
we have received from a church thus far has 
come from St. Andrew's, Haw River. Also, 
though, on the basis of our travels, we are 
disturbed that little or no coordina- 
tion/collaboration is occurring in North 
Carolina among agencies, organizations, con- 
gregations, and people wrio are working ac- 
tively on hunger projects. To our knowledge 
we are the only group in the entire state 
which is striving to connect the disparate 
federal agencies with non-profit organizations 
which are concerned with the hungry and 
the malnourished. 

The Commission began 1987 with the publi- 
cation of the Hunger Survey which was com- 
pleted in November, 1986. Copies were distri- 
buted to the Diocesan Convention in Winston- 
Salem and to the whole Diocese during the 
spring due to the support of John Justice, 
editor of The Communicant, who allowed the 
survey to be inserted into an issue of our Dio- 
cesan paper. Participation in the survey and 
its results far surpassed our expectations. The 
commitment to social ministry is strong and 
widespread in the Diocese. There is much foi 
which we should be proud and thankful in 
this regard. 

The Commission convened four full-day 
meetings and held two overnight planning re- 
treats this year. A vow was made at the end 
of 1986 to take the Commission into the con- 
vocations where the hands-on work with hun- 
ger projects is taking place. The Commission 
met in the Charlotte, Rocky Mount, Greens- 
boro, and Durham convocations. Next year we 
will travel to the other three convocations for 
our first three-day meetings. To each convo- 
cational gathering, we invited parish contacts 
and numbers of others outside the Episcopal 
Church who were involved with hunger pro- 
jects. These occasions served to heighten the 
presence of the Episcopal Church, as our 
church was commended innumerable times 
for assuming a leading role in the area of 

hunger. In a curious way, the Commission is 
providing a form of evangelism for the Church. 

We learned to our dismay in all four loca- 
tions that the numbers of homeless, hungry, 
undernourished are increasing at an alarming 
rate. The existence of a "safety net for the 
truly needy" we found to be an illusion. And 
we observed that the obstacles to collabora- • 
tion seem far greater in a rural setting than 
an urban one. The barriers of town limits and 
the -vestiges of ethnocentrism make more dif- 
ficult the achievement of cohesion. We con- 
clude that collaboration on hunger projects is 
essential for the greatest impact of the pro- 
jects. There is tangible support that agencies 
and non-profits can give which will enhance 
the effectiveness of all. 

The two planning retreats have been essen- 
tial for the internal workings of the Commis- 
sion. These have allowed for consolidation 
of our efforts, rejuvenation of our souls, and 
orchestration for the future. One learning 
we have is the integral factor of prayer and 
spiritual life for social ministry. Without the 
former, the latter becomes self-serving and 
exhausted. Without the latter, prayer and 
spiritual life become hollow and incestuous. 
We commend the indivisible relationship of 
retreat and engagement in the name of Christ. 

The Commission issued three newsletters 
in 1987, each issue containing short articles 
about a hunger project in the Diocese, infor- 
mation about a future educational event, and 
news about upcoming legislation pertaining 
to hunger. 

Thanks to the support of Bishop Estill and 
the Diocesan Convention Planning Commit- 
tee, we are offering lunch on Friday, Jan. 22 
at the Convention. No charge will be made. 
Contributions will be welcomed. Proceeds 
will go to the Presiding Bishop's Fund for 
World Relief. Cost to the Commission will be 
$2 per person. The speaker for lunch will be 
Robert Hayes, legal counsel for the National 
Coalition for the Homeless, in New York City. 

The Commission is grateful for the conti- 
nency of two members who will not be with 
us in 1988, Gennie Stuckey of Charlotte and 
Paul Tunkle of Salisbury. 

I close with a well-known quotation from 
Teresa of Avila. It is especially fitting for the 
work of the Commission: 

Christ has no body now on earth but yours, no 


The Communicant 


hands but yours, no feet but yours. Yours are 
the eyes through which must look out Christ's 
compassion on the world. Yours are the feet with 
which he is to go about doing good. Yours are 
the hands with which he is to bless. 

W. Verdery Kerr, Chair 

North Carolina Episcopal 
Church Foundation 

The North Carolina Episcopal Church 
Foundation, Inc. was established in 1955 for 
the purpose of aiding the expansion of the 
Church in the Diocese. Funds are available to 
parishes and missions and to other institutions 
owned by the Diocese for: erection of build- 
ings, acquisitions of buildings and property, 
and repairs, renovations and improvements 
to existing facilites. 

Low-interest-rate loans are available to 
parishes and missions up to a maximum of 
$60,000, repayable in ten years. During 1981, 
for wholly-owned Diocesan institutions, the 
Board of Directors raised the maximum limit 
of loans to $200,000. Grants are also avail- 
able on a limited basis, up to a maximum of 
$5,000 for the same purposes. All applica- 
tions are reviewed on an individual basis and 
decisions based on the need for the application 
and funds available. Currently, the interest 
rate for parishes and institutions is six percent 
and for missions five percent. 

During the past year, the Board of Directors 
of the Foundation approved the following: 

Loans Approved and Distursed: 

St. Christopher's, High Point $ 29,000 

St. Christopher's, Charlotte 60,000 

St. Michael's, Raleigh 60,000 

Church of the Redeemer, Greensboro 30,000 



St. Ambrose, Raleigh $ 5,000 

Diocese of N.C. for Duke 5,000 

Christ The King Center, Charlotte 4,941 

St. John's House, Durham 3,000 

St. Mark's, Roxboro 3,300 

$ 21,241 

The Wachovia Bank & Trust Company, 
N.A. serves as fiscal agent and Treasurer. The 
Foundation enjoys a sound financial opera- 
tion. As of October 31, 1987, the face amount 
of loans amounted to $1,371,200 with a prin- 
cipal balance due of $893,348. Total assets at 
market value and their current yield as of 
10/31/87 are: 



Cash & Equivalents 
Common Stocks 

Balance due on loans 

$ 16,695 



In order that the Foundation be maintained 
and grow, it must look to bequests and gifts 
from individuals or corporations in the Dio- 
cese. At the present time, sixty-eight percent 
of our total assets are committed in loans to 
missions and parishes. At the present rate of 
loan approvals, the Foundation will soon be 
faced with a shortage of funds and the result- 
ing necessity of not being able to further assist 
expansion in our Diocese. 

The Foundation welcomes inquiries from 
parishes, missions and wholly-owned Dioce- 
san institutions. 

Thomas Ruff in Jr., Chairman 


Employee Relations 

Resolved, that this assembly encourages all 
hiring persons to define professional relation- 
ships with subordinate lay and ordained staff 
persons by means of written agreements 
which contain orderly and just procedures 
for reviewing and resolving disputes in the 
employment relationship. 

Explanation: God calls us to "strive for 

justice" and to "respect the dignity of every 
human being," and we, as Christians, are 
pledged in the Baptismal Covenant to pursue 
this call. This calling to love, justice and 
fairness for all of God's people should always 
inform and shape the actions of Christian in- 
stitutions and the relationships of those in- 
stitutions with individual persons. All lay and 
ordained staff persons play an active and in- 
tegrated role in the furtherance and enabling 
of ministry to God's people. Security in 
employment, given responsible conduct and 
satisfactory performance of duties, is a fun- 
damental and fair expectation of employees 
serving Christian institutions. Other institu- 
tions normally define professional relation- 
ships with employees by means of written 
agreements, those agreements customarily in- 
cluding mechanisms by which conflicts be- 
tween employees and institutions may be 
reviewed and resolved in an orderly and just 
fashion, whether that resolution be recon- 
ciliation or termination of the employee. 

Bryant A. Hudson, President 
Association of Episcopal Lay Administrators 

Ordained Employee 

Resolved, that this assembly encourages all 
rectors, deans or other hiring clergy to define 
professional relationships with their musi- 
cians and subordinate ordained persons by 
means of written agreements which contain 
orderly and just procedures for reviewing and 
resolving disputes in the employment rela- 

And, be it further resolved, that this Con- 
vention of the Diocese of North Carolina 
memorialize the General Convention of the 
Episcopal church to pass this or a similar 

The Rev. Philip R. Byrum 
For the Commission on Liturgy and Worship 

Youth Evangelism 

Whereas: America's youth is being ravaged 
by forces beyond their control, and 

Whereas: America's youth is turning, in large 
numbers, to drugs, illicit sex, cults, and vio- 
lence to ease their hurt, and 

Whereas: Teenage suicide vividly displays 
the pain of today's youth, and 

Whereas: Vast numbers of young people are 
being raised with little knowledge of Jesus, 
the Christ, and with little instruction to follow 
the life-improving and soul-saving truths of 
His teaching, and 

Whereas: Research shows that if a person 
does not accept the saving grace of Jesus, the 
Christ, by the time he or she leaves high 
school that the chances of his or her conver- 
sion are greatly reduced, and 

Whereas: Jesus, the Christ, has the promise 
of a changed life, and 

Whereas: Jesus, the Christ, promises an 
abundant life and a peace that passeth under- 

Therefore Be It Resolved: That this 172nd 
Annual Convention of the Episcopal Diocese 
of North Carolina encourages the parishes 
and missions within its confines to use laws 
(such as PL98-377I recently passed through 
the will of the people as expressed in the 
Congress of the United States to sponsor 
Christian religious clubs for students attend- 
ing Junior and Senior High Schools in their 
immediate areas, and 

Be It Further Resolved: That each parish 
and mission be encouraged to search out any 
avenue possible to evangelize the youth with- 
in its immediate area with the saving Gospel 
of Jesus, the only incarnation of God. 

John Boling Jr. 
St. John's, Charlotte 

Political and Religious 

Whereas: The United States is a pluralistic 
society, and 

Whereas: In our diverse society people will 

hold widely differing political and religious 
views, and 

Whereas: Social stability requires the differ- 
ing political and religious ideas to compete in 
an atmosphere of respect and tolerance, 

Therefore Be It Resolved: That this 172nd 
Annual Convention of the Episcopal Diocese 
of North Carolina opposes and abhors vio- 
lence in pursuit of these diverse political and 
religious views regardless of whether they 
are pursued by the political/religious right or 
the political/religious left. 

John Boling Jr. 
St. John's, Charlotte 

Freedom of Expression 

Whereas: Press reports mention many occa- 
sions where college audiences, administra- 
tions, and/or faculties have prevented speeches 
by conservative speakers on their campuses, 

Whereas: When any speaker is denied access 
to an audience in a learning environment, a 
violation of our valued freedom of speech oc- 

Therefore Be It Resolved: That this 172nd 
Annual Convention of the Episcopal Diocese 
of North Carolina strongly supports the right 
of freedom of speech allowing information of 
all philosophical views to be made available 
for public consideration, and 

Be It Further Resolved: That no speaker in- 
vited to speak on a college campus should be 
denied that privilege because of being either 
conservative or liberal. 

John Boling Jr. 
St. John's, Charlotte 


Whereas: Between 1972 and 1984, 210 law 
enforcement officers were killed while rob- 
beries were taking place, and 

Whereas: According to information compiled 
by the F.B.I., 78 local, country, state, and 
federal law enforcement officers were killed 
due to criminal action during 1985, and 

Whereas: 63 officers were slain during 1986, 
25 while attempting arrests, 10 while investi- 
gating suspicious persons or circumstances, 
10 while enforcing traffic laws, 6 upon respon- 
ding to disturbance calls, 5 in ambush attacks, 
4 while handling prisoners, and 3 by mentally 
deranged individuals, and 

Whereas: Of the 63 officers slain during 1986, 
59 were killed by firearms and 

Whereas: It was not the intent of the Foun- 
ding Fathers of this nation that the state and 
federal courts be established to hamstring the 
police, free hardened criminals, usurp con- 
gressional and state powers, or act as social 
engineers in protecting the rights of criminals 
while ignoring the rights of the victims and 
the duty to insure domestic tranquility, 

Therefore Be It Resolved: That this 172nd 
Annual convention of the Episcopal Diocese 
of North Carolina urges our legislators and 
judges to provide for the severest penalty for 
cop-killers, persons who kill law enforcement 
officials during the course of a crime or the 
investigation thereof, and 

Be It Further Resolved: That a copy of this 
resolution be sent to the United States At- 
torney General, the North Carolina Attorney 
General, and each federal and state legislator 
representing the people of the Diocese of 
North Carolina. 

The Rev. Walter D. Edwards Jr. 
All Saints, Charlotte 


Whereas: Satanic influences have been evi- 
dent in the entertainment field during the 
past biennium, and have been exposed and 
documented for public awareness, and 

Whereas: Satanic groups have been docu- 
mented as operating in various parts of this 
country, promoting the worship of Satan, des- 
ecrating cemeteries, killing livestock in satanic 
rituals, and 


herefore be it resolved: That 
this 172nd Annual Convention 
of the Episcopal Diocese of North 
Carolina opposes and abhors 
violence in pursuit of these diverse 
political and religious views 
regardless of whether they are 
pursued by the politcal/religious 
right or the political/religious left. 

—Resolution on Political and 
Religious Violence 

January 1988 



[esolved, the 172nd Conven- 
tion of the Diocese of North Caro- 
lina memorializes the General 
Convention that Title I, Canon 17, 
Section 5 be amended to read as 

Section 5: No one shall be denied 
rights or status in this church be- 
cause of race, color, ethnic origin, 
sex, disability, sexual orientation, 
or advanced age. 

—A Memorial to General 

Whereas: Young people are especially vul- 
nerable to suggestion in the realm of the oc- 
cult, when a firm foundation in the Christian 
Faith is lacking, 

Therefore Be It Resolved: That this 172nd 
Annual Convention of the Episcopal Diocese 
of North Carolina reaffirms the renunciation 
"of Satan and all the spiritual forces of wick- 
edness that rebel against God" (Book of Com- 
mon Prayer, p. 302), and 

Be It Further Resolved: That this Conven- 
tion urges the renewal of emphasis in the 
Christian Education efforts of this Diocese 
and the parishes and missions thereof to 
strengthen the knowledge of the Christian 
Faith on the part of the youth during their 
formative years. 

The Rev. Walter D. Edwards Jr. 
All Saints, Charlotte 

A Memorial to General 

Resolved, the 172nd Convention of the 
Diocese of North Carolina memorializes the 
General Convention that Title III, Canon 8 be 
amended by the addition of a new Section 2, 
renumbering subsequent sectioning, as 
Sec. 2: No one, otherwise qualified, shall be 
denied ordination in this Church because of 
race, color, ethnic origin, sex, disability, sex 
ual orientation, or age, except as otherwise 
specified by Canon. 

Explanation: This will bring the canons into 
line with our Baptismal Covenant, and pro- 
tect us from blindness to human rights viola- 
tions while not removing the current canoni- 
cal restrictions on minimum age standards or 
the legitimate concerns regarding the style 
and manner of life for determining suitability 
for ordination. 

The Rev. William S. Brettmann 
For Christian Social Ministries 

A Memorial to General 

Resolved, the 172nd Convention of the 
Diocese of North Carolina memorializes the 
General Convention that Title I, Canon 17, 
Section 5 be amended to read as follows: 
Section 5: No one shall be denied rights or 
status in this church because of race, color, 
ethnic origin, sex, disability, sexual orienta- 
tion, or advanced age. 

Explanation: According to White and Dyk- 
man, every baptized member is entitled to 
equal rights and status. Since the adoption of 
this canon in 1964, human rights violations of 
various kinds indicate the need to bring the 
canons into line with out Baptismal Covenant. 

The Rev. William S. Brettmann 
For Christian Social Ministries 

Nuclear Forces 

Whereas: President Ronald Reagan and 
General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev have 
signed the INF Treaty to remove nuclear 
missiles from Europe, missiles that threaten 
not only Europe but also the world because 
of the danger they pose of accidental nuclear 

And Whereas: The 171st Convention of the 
Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina, in rec- 
ognition of the danger posed to all creation 
by the larger number of nuclear weapons in 
the world's arsenals, resolved to support good 
faith efforts of our governmment to limit and 
reduce nuclear armaments; 

Therefore: Be it resolved that this 172nd 
Convention of the Episcopal Diocese of North 
Carolina support the INF Treaty and urge 
parishioners to write to the Senators from 
North Carolina urging them to ratify the trea- 
ty without undue delay; 

And Be It Further Resolved: That a copy 
of this resolution be sent the Congressional 
Delegates of North Carolina. 

Ann Thompson 
St. Mark's, Raleigh 

Strategic Defensive Initiative 

Whereas: The development and deployment 
of the weapons system known as Strategic 
Defense Initiative (or "Star Wars") is a con- 
troversial project opposed by many of our na- 
tion's leading scientists because it is unlikely 
to work, extremely expensive to build, a vio- 
lation of the ABM Treaty, and an escalation of 
the arms race; 

And Whereas: The efforts to build SDI will 
require enormous sums of money at a time of 
great national debt and reduced human ser- 

Therefore Be It Resolved that the 172nd 
Convention of the Episcopal Diocese of North 
Carolina urge parishioners to write to Con- 
gressional Delegates of North Carolina to op- 
pose further spending for the Strategic Defen- 
sive Initiative. 

Ann Thompson 
St. Mark's, Raleigh 

Biblical Sexuality 

Whereas: These words are found in the 
Humanist Manifesto II, "In the area of sex- 
uality, we believe that intolerant attitudes 
often cultivated by orthodox religious and 
puritanical cultures, unduly represss sexual 
conduct. The right to birth control, abortion, 
and divorce should be recognized. While we 
do not approve of exploitive, denigrating 
forms of sexual expression, neither do we 
wish to prohibit, by law of social sanction, 
sexual behavior between consenting adults.", 

Whereas: The Biblical standard for sexual 
conduct is that it be conducted in a monoga- 
mous, heterosexual marriage of life-long 

Therefore Be It Resolved: That this 172nd 
Annual Convention of the Episcopal Diocese 
of North Carolina, loyal to the teachings of 
God as expressed in the Holy Scriptures, af- 
firms its support of Biblical standards of sex- 
ual conduct and expresses its opposition to 
the standards expressed in the Humanist 

John Boling Jr. 
St. John's, Charlotte 

Media Responsibility 

Whereas: The percentage of illegitimate 
births to women under 19 years of age has in- 
creased from 15% to 51% in the past 20 years, 

Whereas: By some estimates more than 
1,100,000 teenage girls will become pregnant 
this year, and 

Whereas: 70% of those unwed teenage 
mothers will keep their babies, and 

Whereas: 60% of those unwed teenage 
mothers will go on welfare, and 

Whereas: Some hospitals report that over 
half their admissions are related to sexual ac- 
tivity, and 

Whereas: Teenagers are greatly influenced 
by the popular entertainment media and life- 
styles of the entertainment stars in those 
media, and 

Whereas: The average person views 9,230 
sex acts, or implied sex acts, per year on 
television, and 

Whereas: Of those 9,230 sex acts, 81% will 
be between unmarried partners, and 

Whereas: Risks and consequences of sex 
within the confines presented is omitted from 
the presentations thereof, and 

Whereas: The Biblical standard for sexual 
relations is either omitted or ridiculed in 
media presentation of sexual relations, 

Therefore Be It Resolved: That this 172nd 
Annual Convention of the Episcopal Diocese 
of North Carolina condemns the false sexual 
propaganda presented in the entertainment 
media, and 

Be It Further Resolved: That this 172nd 
Convention calls upon the entertainment 

media to improve the moral tone of the sex- 
ual relationships presented in their commer- 
cial products with a view to accepting their 
moral responsibility to the society of the 
United States, and 

Be It Further Resolved: That this Conven- 
tion calls upon the entertainment media to 
cease presenting harmful social behavior in 
such manner as to adversely influence young 
people in the area of sexual immorality. 

John Boling Jr. 
St. John's, Charlotte 

Victims of Crime 

Whereas the Church of Jesus Christ is called 
to be a redemptive and reconciling agent in 
the world 

And Whereas Christians are called to the mis- 
sion of healing and restoring lost and broken 

And Whereas Jesus in scripture calls our 
attention and concern to the plight of both 
victims and perpetrators of crime 

Be It Resolved that the Episcopal Diocese 
of North Carolina will recognize February of 
each calendar year as Criminal Justice Month 
as recommended by the North Carolina 
Council of Churches 

And Be It Further Resolved that during Feb- 
ruary each parish shall remember Christian 
concern for criminal justice issues by offering 
intercessions, special educational programs, 
and other forums 

And Be It Further Resolved that the Evange- 
lism and Social Ministries Committees of each 
parish shall assume the responsibility of initia- 
ting and facilitating the recognition of February 
as Criminial Justice Month. 

Vickie B. Sigmon 
St. Anne's, Winston-Salem 

The Holy Bible 

Whereas: The Constitution of the Episcopal 
Church, Article VII states, "No persons shall 
be ordained and consecrated Bishop, or 
ordered Priest or Deacon to minister in this 
Church, unless at the time, in the presence 
of the ordaining Bishop or Bishops, he shall 
subscribe and make the following declara- 
tion: 'I do believe the Holy Scriptures of the 
Old and New Testaments to be the Word of 
God, and to contain all things necessary to 
salvation; and do solemnly engage to conform 
to the Doctrine, Discipline, and Worship of 
the Episcopal Church.'", and 

Whereas: This statement of belief is incor- 
porated in the text of the services of ordina- 
tion of Bishops, Priests, and Deacons in the 
form of a solemn declaration on the part of 
the Ordinand on pages 513, 526, and 538 of 
the Book of Common Prayer, and 

Whereas: The Holy Bible records God's self- 
revelaton to human beings in human history 
and experience, in the teachings of the pro- 
phets, and in the life and teachings of Jesus 
Christ, and 

Whereas: The Church is increasingly exposed 
to teaching contrary to the statement of belief 
required by Article VII of the Constitution of 
this Church on the alleged grounds that the 
Holy Bible contains "middle class values", 

Whereas: the people of this Church are en- 
titled to expect their clergy to be possessed of 
exemplary personal integrity, especially with 
regard to matters pertaining to their qualify- 
ing for ordination, and 

Whereas: The requirement of Article VII of 
the Constitution of the Episcopal Church is 
not optional, and is not subject to the opinion 
of any individual member of the clergy 
(Bishop, Priest, or Deacon)' 

Therefore Be It Resolved: That this 172nd 
Annual Convention of the Diocese of North 
Carolina calls the attention of the communi- 
cants of this Church and Diocese to Article 
VII of the Constitution of the Episcopal 
Church, with specific attention to the state- 
ment of belief cited therein as required of all 
members of the clergy of this Church, and 


Be It Further Resolved: That this Conven- 
tion requires that the clergy of this Diocese 
remain faithful to the provisions of Article 
VII of the Constitution of this Church in their 
teaching, preaching, and ministry in the holy 
name of God. 

The Rev. Walter D. Edwards Jr. 
All Saints, Charlotte 

Youth Ministry 

Whereas The Church's ministry to youth is a 
vital and important part of her total ministry, 

Whereas the Church's ministry to youth needs 
to be understood more clearly and defined 
more specifically, and 

Whereas the Episcopal Diocese of North Caro- 
lina has a Youth Commission which desires 
to increase its effectiveness, and 

Whereas the National Episcopal Youth Event, 
held in San Antonio, Texas, in August 1987 
passed a resolution asking the 69th General 
Convention of the Episcopal Church to pass 
legislation directing the Presiding Bishop to 
appoint and see to funding of a Task Force 
to: (1) study the true state of youth ministry 
in congregations and dioceses now, and (2) 
make recommendations for action and fund- 
ing to the 70th General Convention, \ 

Now, Therefore Be It Resolved, that the 
172nd Annual Convention of the Episcopal Dio- 
ese of North Carolina memorialize the 69th 
General Convention of the Episcopal Church 
to adopt the resolution of the Episcopal Youth 
Event as stated above. 

The Rev. Victor C. Mansfield 
Holy Trinity, Greensboro 

Amendment to Canon 21 

Be it resolved that Canon 21, Section 5, be 
amended by adding a subsection (b) as fol- 
lows and that the existing sentence be num- 
bered subsection (a): 

Should any parish fail to meet the numerical 
requirements set forth above in Section 4(a), it 
may yet maintain parish status if it demon- 
strates to the Bishop and the Diocesan Coun- 
cil that 1. It has the financial resources to 
meet the requirements in Section 4,jb-jj 

2. That it in fact accepts and pays its full 
annual Church's Program Quota 

3. That it maintains the normal church pro- 
grams, particularly outreach and Christian 
Education programs, appropriate to the 
character and needs of its membership. 

The Rev. Harrison Simons 
For the Small Church Commission 

A Study of the Funding of 
the Diocesan Budgets 

Whereas we believe that Christian Steward- 
ship is our loving response to God and the 
gifts of God's creation; 

And Whereas the Diocese of North Carolina 
has promoted Christian Stewardship at the 
individual and parish level as our intentional 
response to the authority of Holy Scripture; 

And Whereas the Stewardship Commission 
of the Diocese of North Carolina has pro- 
moted the formation of individual congrega- 
tional budgets only after their receiving their 
pledges of financial support; 

And Whereas the Diocese of North Carolina 
now funds its Maintenance and Program 
budgets through assessments and quotas, 
which is inconsistent with the teachings pro- 
moted at the individual and parish levels; 

Therefore Be It Resolved by this One Hun- 
dred and Seventy-Second Annual Convention 
of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 
that a study commission be formed to con- 
sider alternatives to funding of the Diocesan 
budgets consistent with the teachings of 
Christian Stewardship, and 

Be It Further Resolved that the members of 
this study commission be appointed by the 
Bishop and include a member of the Depart- 
ment of Budgets, a member of the Depart- 
ment of Mission and Outreach, and a member 
of the Stewardship Commission, and other 

members as the Bishop may see fit, and 

Be It Further Resolved that this study com- 
mission report to the One Hundred and 
Seventy-Fourth Annual Convention its find- 
ings, with an interim report at the One Hun- 
dred and Seventy-Third Annual Convention. 

The Rev. Ted Vorhees, Chair 
Stewardship Commission 

Diocesan Stewardship 

Whereas the Presiding Bishop of the Episco- 
pal Church has publicly affirmed and made a 
statement that he and his wife accept the prac- 
tice of tithing as a minimum of their financial 
giving to the Church; 

And Whereas the Executive Council of 
the Episcopal Church in the United States 
adopted a Stewardship Statement in June of 
1987 "individually and corporately affirm(ing) 
the tithe of 10% as the minimum standard of 
(their) giving; 

And Whereas the Bishops of the Diocese 
of North Carolina have both made public 
statements affirming the Biblical standard of 
a tithe of 10% as the minimum of their giving 
to the work of God's Kingdom through the 

And Whereas the Diocesan Council, the 
Stewardship Commission, the Executive Com- 
mittee of the ACTS Campaign, and many 
vestries and other organizations in the Dio- 
cese of North Carolina have all adopted Stew- 
ardship Statements affirming the tithe of 10% 
as the minimum standard of giving for the 
work of God's Kingdom; 

Be It Therefore Resolved by this One Hun- 
dred and Seventy-Second Annual Convention 
of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 
that the following Stewardship Statement be 
adopted as an expression of this Convention: 

We affirm the tithe of 10% as the minimum 
standard of our giving as set forth by the author- 
ity of Holy Scripture. 

We do this joyfully and in thanksgiving be- 
cause of our conviction that each of us is created 
in the likeness of God who is a God of giving 
and creating. 

We affirm the positions of individuals either 
tithing or adopting a program of proportional 
giving that will increase yearly until the tithe is 

While stewardship of what has been given to 
us involves far more than money, we recognize 
that the tithing of our money is a critical and 
necessary way of witnessing to our faith and 
sharing with others in God's creation. 

We invite the other members of this Diocese to 
join us in this witnessing of faith. 

Be It Further Resolved that copies of this 
Stewardship Statement be made available to 
be signed by those lay and clergy delegates of 
this One Hundred and Seventy-Second An- 
nual Diocesan Convention that are so inclin- 
ed, and 

Be It Further Resolved that the vestries of 
this Diocese that have not already adopted a 
Stewardship Statement for their parishes be 
encouraged to do so, and that vestries that 
have adopted a Stewardship Statement be en- 
couraged to review and renew their Steward- 
ship Statement annually, and 

Be It Further Resolved that this Steward- 
ship Statement be reviewed and renewed by 
the Annual Diocesan Convention on even 
numbered years. 

The Rev. Ted Voorhees, Chair 
Stewardship Commission 


Diocesan Council 

Lay Order 

A. H. A. Williams II. Parish or mission: St. 
Stephen's, Oxford. Occupation: General In- 
surance. How long confirmed: over 35 years. 
Parish or Diocesan offices, current or past' 

Vestry, Jr. Warden, 2 times; Vestry, Sr. Warden, 
3 times; Board of Directors Conference Center, 
1984-87. Nominator: Harrison T. Simons. 

Donald A. Williams. Parish or mission: 
Chapel of the Cross. Occupation: Attorney (Past 
Bank Trust Officer for 14 years). How long con- 
firmed: 38 years. Parish or Diocesan offices, 
current or past: Vestry (4 terms); Lay Reader; 
Parish Treasurer at four parishes; Sunday 
School teacher 17 years. Nominator: Seth H. 

Eileen Greenwood. Parish or mission: St. Mar- 
tin's, Charlotte. Occupation: Homemaker. How 
long confirmed: 54 years. Parish or Diocesan of- 
fices, current or past: Vestry member; Parish 
Council President; Two-term Junior Warden; 
Parish ECW President, Lay-reader; Bazaar 
Chairman; Thompson Home Excutive Commit- 
tee Chairman; Diocesan ECW Board: Altar 
Guild Chairman; Rector Search Committee; and 
Interim Rector Committee Chairman. 
Nominator: Ann Elliot. 

Priscilla Swindell Parish or mission: St. 
Michael's, Raleigh. Occupation: Office Ad- 
ministration Assistant. How long confirmed: 39 
years. Parish or Diocesan offices, current or 
past: Parish: Vestry (3 years), Delegate to 
Diocesan Convention (5 years), chair or co-chair 
of ECW, Faith Alive, Spiritual Growth Commit- 
tee; Diocesan: Task Force and Working 
Women's Committee, Task Force of Women's 
Issues and Family Concerns, Board of Directors 
of Conference Center (Executive Board, one 
year), co-chair of Registration, 1988 Diocesan 
Convention. Nominator Gregory B. Crampton. 

Clerical Order 

Nancy Reynolds Pagano. Position: Associate, 
Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill. Number of 
years since ordination: 3Vi. Number of years in 
Diocese: 4V4. Parish or Diocesan offices, current 
or past: Member, Clergy Deployment Commis- 
sion, Christian Social Ministries Commission, 
Convention Committee on Social and Political 
Concerns; Board member and Vice-president: 
NC Episcopal Clergy Association; Chair, Com- 
mission "&"n Aging, Commission on Marriage, 
Deacons' Program Training Commission. 
Nominator: Stephen Elkins-Williams. 

G. William Poulos. Position: Rector, St. An- 
drew's, Greensboro. Number of years since or- 
dination: 21. Number of years in Diocese: 12. 
Parish or Diocesan offices, current or past: 
Youth Commission; Murdoch Foundation; 
Liturgy and Worship; Diocesan Council; 
Delegate to Synod. Nominator: Nancie F. La 

Standing Committee 

Lay order 

Henry W. Lewis. Parish or mission: Chapel of 
the Cross, Chapel Hill. Occupation: Retired 
Lawyer-University professor. How long con- 
firmed: 58 years. Parish or Diocesan offices, 
current or past: Standing Committee through 
1986; Commission on Constitution and Canons, 
current; Deputy to General Convention 
1967-85; Chairman , Committee on Structure 
and Organization, 1985-86. Nominator: Mary 
Arthur Stoudemire. 

Scott T. Evans. Parish or mission: St. 
Stephen's, Durham. How long confirmed: 44 
years. Congregational or Diocesan offices, cur- 
rent or past: Deputy General Convention; 
Diocesan Council (2 terms); Standing Commit- 
tee; Chair, Land Stewardship Commission; 
Chair, State of the Church Commission; Ex- 
ecutive Committee, ACTS Campaign; President 
ECW; Christian Social Ministries Commission. 
National: Executive Council; Standing Commis- 
sion, Human Affairs & Health; Coalition for 
Human Needs; PIM Consultation, Anglican 
Church of Canada; ACNAC; Chair, Triennial 
Committee (1982). Local: Vestry; Sr. Warden; 
Chair, Worship Committee; Lay Reader; 
Chalicist. Nominator: Robert C. Johnson Jr. 

Clerical Order 

Glenn E. Busch. Position: Rector, St. Mary's, 
High Point. Number of years since ordination: 
16. Number of years in Diocese: 7. Parish or 
Diocesan offices, current or past: Dean of 
Greensboro Convocation; Department of Mis- 


le affirm the tithe of 10% 
as the minimum standard of our 
giving as set forth by the authority 
of Holy Scripture. 

We do this joyfully and in 
thanksgiving because of our con- 
viction that <>ach of us is created 
in the likeness of God who is a 
God of giving and creating. 

We affirm the position of in- 
dividuals either tithing or adopting 
a program of proportional giving 
that will increase yearly until the 
tithe is reached. 

—Diocesan Stewardship Statement 

January 1988 


sion and Outreach; Diocesan Council; Commis- 
sion on Planned Giving, Chairman; Parish 
Grants Committee; NC 2000 Task Force; Chair- 
man, Committee on the Bishop's Address, Con- 
vention 1987; Past President N.C. Episcopal 
Clergy Association; Stewardship Commission, 
Chairman. Nominator: The Rev. B. Daniel Sapp. 

Conference Center 
Board of Directors 

Lay Order 

William A. Short. Parish or mission: St. 
John's, Charlotte. Occupation: Vice president, 
Management Information Systems, SunHealth 
Corp. How long confirmed: 30 years. Parish or 
Diocesan offices, current or past: Stewardship 
Chairman 1985; Acolyte Director, 1983-present; 
Delegate to Diocesan Convention, 1987-88. 
Nominator: Wiliam E. Smyth. 

Frances S. Moser. Parish or mission: St. 
Luke's, Salisbury. Occupation: House Wife. 
How long confirmed: 43 years. Congregational 
or Diocesan offices, current or past: Congrega- 
tional: ECW President, Altar Guild President, 
Chairman of St. Luke's Bazaar, Church School 
Teacher, Brownie Leader, Vestry member, 
Senior Warden. Diocesan: Secretary of Mission 
for Diocesan ECW, ECW Convocation Chair (1 
year), Delegate to Diocesan Convention (9 
years). Nominator: The Rev. I. Mayo Little. 

Clerical Order 

Donald A. Fishburne. Position: Associate Rec- 
tor, Christ Church, Charlotte. Number of years 
since ordination: 8. Number of years in 
Diocese: '/z. Parish or Diocesan offices, current 
or past: Department of Camps and Conferences; 
Department of Youth and College Ministries 
(Chair, 3 years); Department of Christian Educa- 
tion; Member of the Standing Committee and 
the committees for Cursillo and Happening 
(Diocese of South Carolina). Nominator: The 
Rev. Henry N. Parsley Jr. 

Diocesan Council nominations to the Con- 
ference Center Board, per canon 33, will be an- 
nounced at Convention. 

Penick Home 
Board of Directors 

Mrs. Henry D. Haywood (Alice). Parish or 
mission: Christ Church, Raleigh. Nominator: 
Louis C. Melcher Jr. 

Mr. W. Clary Holt. Parish or mission: Holy 
Comforter, Burlington. Nominator: Louis C. 
Melcher Jr. 

Miss Laura L. Hooper. Parish or mission: St. 
Stephen's, Winston-Salem. Nominator: Louis C. 
Melcher Jr. 

Mr. Thomas R. Payne. Parish or mission: 
Christ Church, Charlotte. Nominator: Louis C. 
Melcher Jr. 

Mrs. Julian Robertson. Parish or mission: St. 
Luke's, Salisbury. Nominator: Louis C. Melcher 

Mr. Phillip Russell. Parish or mission: Holy 
Trinity, Greensboro. Nominator: Louis C. 
Melcher Jr. 

Mrs. Barbara Scott Jester. Parish or mission: 
Emmanuel, Southern Pines. Nominator: Louis 
C. Melcher Jr. 

Mr. Charles M. Shaffer. Parish or mission: 
Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill. Nominator: 
Louis C. Melcher Jr. 

Mrs. C. Leslie Sweeney Jr. Parish or mission: 
The Church of the Good Shepherd, Raleigh. 
Nominator: Louis C. Melcher Jr. 

The Rev. G. Markis House. Parish or mis- 
sion: Christ Church, Rocky Mount. Nominator: 
Louis C. Melcher Jr. 

The Rev. David R. Williams. Position: Rec- 
tor, Holy Comforter, Burlington. Number of 
years since ordination: 15. Number of years in 
Diocese: 3. Nominator: Patricia C. Molinari. 

Trustees - 

University of the South 

Lay Order 

Seth H. Ellis. Parish or mission: All Saints', 
Charlotte. Occupation: Professor of English 
Literature, UNC Charlotte. How long confirm- 
ed: 40 years. Parish or Diocesan offices, current 
or past: Diocesan Convention Delegate, Vestry, 
Senior Warden, Stewardship Chairman. 
Nominator: Walter D. Edwards Jr. 

George A. Atkins. Parish or mission: Church 
of the Epiphany, Eden. Occupation: Retired. 
How long confirmed: 55 years. Parish or 
Diocesan offices, current or past: Diocesan: 
Trustee, University of the South, 1985-88; NC 
2000 Long Range Planning Commission, 
1985-87. Parish: Diocesan Convention Delegate, 
1971-79, 1982-87; Parish Treasurer, 1971-87; 
Vestryman including Senior Warden; Lay 
Reader, Chalice Bearer since 1968; EMC Chair- 
man, Finance & History Committee Chairman. 
Nominator: The Rev. Thomas J. Garner. 


Proposed 1988 Budget: Episcopal Maintenance Fund 














Bishop Salary/Housing 

Bishop Travel 

Lambeth/Maintenance Reserve Funds 

Suffragan Bishop Salary/Housing 

Suffragan Bishop Travel 

Lambeth/Maintenance Reserve Funds 

Secretary of Diocese Salary 

Treasurer/Business Administrator Salary 

Treasurer/Business Administrator Travel/Prof. Expense 

Archivist Salary 

Archivist Travel 

Archives Special Supplies 

Support Staff 

Pension/Social Security 

Life/Medical/Dental Insurance 

Support Staff Prof. Training 

Worker's Compensation Insurance 

Diocesan House Telephone 

Diocesan House Utilities 

Diocesan House Office Supplies 

Diocesan House Postage 

Diocesan House Equipment Purchase/Replace/Repair 

Diocesan House Computer Service 

Diocesan House Maintenance 

Diocesan House Building Repairs/Renovations 

Property/Liability Insurance 

Diocesan Journal 


Diocesan Council 

Standing Committee 

Chancellor Expense 

Constitution and Canons 

Commission on Admission of Congregations 

Convocation Deans/Wardens Expense 

Commission on Ministry 

Convention Expense 

Surety Bond 

Special Grant (Mrs. Penick) 

General Convention Assessment 

General Convention Deputies and Retired Bishop 

Contingent Fund 



Church Assessments 
Long-Term Investment Income 
Other Trust Income 


Proposed 1988 Budget: Church's Program Fund 






Christian Social Min. Director Salary/Housing 
Christian Social Min. Director Travel 
Christian Social Min. Program Funds 
Program Director Salary/Housing 
Program Director Travel 
Other Program Funds 
Communication Officer Salary 
Communication Officer Travel 
Publication: The Communicant 




$ 65,255 

$ 68,844 



( 5,000) 





( 5,000) 
























































































$ 35,000 

$ 36,458 


















The Communicant 

10 Co-ordinator to Deaf Salary 
10a Co-ordinator to Deaf Soc. Sec. 

1 1 Missioner & Co-or. to Deaf Travel 

12 Missioner to Deaf Program Funds 
12b Missioner to Deaf Trust Funds 

TOTAL Missioner to Deaf Funds 

14 Support Staff 

15 Program Fund Pension/Social Security 

16 Life/Medical/Dental Insurance 

17 UNC-Greensboro Chaplain Salary/Housing 

18 UNC-Greensboro Support Staff 

19 UNC-Greensboro Pension/Insurance/Soc. Sec. 

20 UNC-Greensboro Program Funds 

21 UNC-Greensboro Operating Expenses 

22 NC State Univ. Chaplain Salary/Housing 

23 NC State Univ. Pension/Insurance 

24 NC State Univ. Program Funds 

25 Duke Chaplain Salary/Housing 

26 - Duke Pension/Insurance 

27 Duke Program Funds 

28 Duke Operating Expense 

29 Winston-Salem Chaplain Salary/Housing 

30 Winston-Salem Chaplain Pension/Insurance 

31 Winston-Salem Program Funds 

32 A&T College 

33 Bennett College 

34 St. Andrew's College 

35 NC Central University 

36 UNC-Chapel Hill 

38 Charlotte Chaplain Salary/Housing 

39 Charlotte Pension/Insurance 

40 Charlotte Program/Travel 

41 College Chaplains' Conference 
TOTAL College Budget 


$ 12,000 







| 6,000) 

$ 17,196 


$ 53,307 

$ 29,313 

$ 44,444 

$ 53,138 

$ 28,408 

$ 44,643 

$ 2,200 





$ 9,708 

$ 14,905 

$ 1,500 

$ 253,501 


Duke Medical Center Chaplain 



Mission Church Assistance 



Parochial Mission Assistance 


Paro. Miss. Ass't. undesignated Fund Balance offset 
Commissions on: 








Christian Education & Training 



Clergy Deployment 






Continuing Education 



Continuing Education Trust Fund offset 



Companion Diocese 



Deacons Training Program 



Ecumenical Relations 



Evangelism & Renewal 






Land Stewardship 



Liturgy & Worship 






Task Force to Implement NC 2000 



Planned Giving 



Planned Giving Trust Fund Offset 



Small Church 






Women's Issues 






Youth Trust Fund Offset 


NC Episcopal Church Foundation 



Parish Grant 



Miscellaneous Committee Expense 



Moving Clergy 



Conference Center 



Christ the King Center (to 6/30/88) 



Chapel of Christ the King (7/1/88) 


Appalachian People's Service Organization 



NC Council of Churches 



Province of Sewanee 



National Church Program 








Church Quota 


Long-Term Investment Income 


Other Trust Income 


1986 Trust Reserve 



$ 16,388 


$ 29,313 

$ 30,779 









$ 57,174 

$ 30,779 

$ 45,839 

$ 30,552 

$ 32,080 









$ 56,420 

$ 29,828 

$ 46,337 

$ 2,211 





$ 29,154. 

$ 45,564 

$ 1,382 
$ 293,811 



( 28,500) 










































Thursday, January 21 

2:00 pm - 9:00 pm 

Registration of Delegates, Visitors and Exhibi- 
tors - North Lobby 

7:00 pm 

Opening Business Session - Main Arena. 
Including: * 

Introduction of New Clergy 

Introduction of Late Resolutions 
First Report of the Committee on Consti- 
tution and Canons 

7:00 pm - 9:00 pm 

Exhibits and Bookstore open - Northeast 
Exhibit Hall 

9:00 pm 

Open Hearings - Civic and Convention 
Center meeting rooms 

Friday, January 22 

8:00 am - 5:00 pm 

Registration of Delegates, Visitors and 
Exhibitors - North Lobby 

9:00 am 

Morning Business Session - Main Arena 

Bishop Estill's Address 
Second Report of the Committee 01. Con- 
stitution and Canons 

9:00 am - 9:00 pm 

Exhibits and Book Store open - Northeast 
Exhibit Hall 

11:30 am - 1:00 pm 

Hunger Commission Luncheon - Shaw 
University or Lunch on your own 

1:30 - 5:00 pm 

Afternoon Business Session - Main Arena 

Report of Christian Social Ministries 
Report of the Historiographer 

5:00 pm - 7:00 pm 

Dinner on your own (four local restaurants 
will be open especially for us) 

7:30 pm - 9:30 pm 

Evening Business Session - Main Arena 
Youth Commission Report 

Saturday, January 23 

9:00 am - 11:00 am 

Morning Business Session 

Bishop Vest's Address 
Treasurer's and Budgets Report 

9:00 am - 3:00 pm 

Exhibits and Bookstore open - Northeast 
Exhibit Hall (closed during the service) 

11:30 am 

Holy Eucharist 

A Celebration Through 

•The final Schedule and Agenda, including 
Special Orders of Business will be adopted at 
the Opening Business Session. 

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Vol. 79, No. 2 

The Newspaper of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 

Feb./Mar. 1988 

Convention has a hot debate 

By Gail Doucette Wojton 

The 172nd Diocesan Convention was 
supposed to have been about money, 
but it seemed that delegates had sex 
on their minds. 

Certainly the focus of the annual 
meeting was the diocese's ACTS cam- 
paign—A Celebration Through Stew- 
ardship. And indeed, the gathering of 
about 400 delegates culminated in a 
colorful worship service centered around 
the $6,645,000 capital funds drive. 

But the hottest issue— consuming 
more than two hours of debate in hear- 
ings and about the same time in floor 
debate— was a resolution concerning 
ordination of homosexuals. 

The issue brought reporters and TV 
cameras swarming into the Raleigh 
Civic and Convention Center. It also 
generated headlines and substantial 
television news coverage during the 
Jan. 21-23 convention. 

"But if they were looking for a media 
circus, they must have been disappoint- 
ed," said delegate Karen Ridout. "De- 
spite the obvious polarization of views, 
I was impressed with the manner in 
which debate was held. Speakers were 
sensitive, compassionate and articulate, 

or, ethnic origin, sex, disability, sexual 
orientation or age." The second one re- 
quested a similar church law regarding 
membership rights and status. 

There was some sentiment for simply 
tabling the resolutions in the interest 
of avoiding divisiveness. But delegates 
chose to debate it on the floor. The 
open discussion was in line with Bishop 
Robert Estill's convention address. In it, 
he aligned himself with Presiding Bish- 
op Edmond Browning's support for per- 
mitting "any subject to be discussed 
among us as long as such discussion is 
within a framework of mutual respect 
and loving-kindness, which brings about 
a pastoral response." 

The persons who argued the issue, 
generally speaking, took one of two 
positions: Either homosexuality is a sin 
and thus abhorrent in God's eyes, or it 
is part of God's order for the world. If 
the former, then homosexuals should 
not be admitted to the ordination pro- 
cess; if the latter, to discriminate 
against homosexuals is error. 

Speaking for the amendment, Michael 
Clark Boothby, a candidate for ordina- 
tion, asked, "What right do we have to 
say we will not listen to your call if 
you are homosexual? Anyone should 
have the right to go through the screen- 

Brass ensemble featured in worship service 

rather than heated and emotional, 
which greatly facilitated the accomplish- 
ment of business." Ridout was a dele- 
gate from St. Michael's, Raleigh. 

The debate was over two resolutions 
submitted by the Rev. William Brett- 
mann, Episcopal Chaplain to North 
Carolina State University at Raleigh. 

The first one— the one which was 
debated about four hours altogether- 
petitioned the national church to amend 
its canons so that "no one, otherwise 
qualified, shall be denied access to the 
ordination process because of race, col- 

ing process." The Rev. Samuel Walker, 
rector of Emmanuel, Southern Pines, 
added, "Having been ministered to by 
a homosexual priest, I know he can 
love, is human and can be a fine 

Also speaking for the amendment, 
the Rev. Jim Lewis, director of Chris- 
tian Social Ministries, said: "These re- 
solutions do not mean there will not be 
standards or qualifications for minis- 
try, but to spell out clearly that there 
would be no discrimination. Whatever 
it means to be a priest has nothing to 





The Rev. Harrison Simons 

do with my color, my age, whether I 
can move my arms or legs, or my sex- 
ual orientation." 

But there was a contrary body of 
opinion. The resolutions "appear to give 
the stamp of approval to homosexuali- 
ty," said John Boling of St. John's, Char- 
lotte. He added, "There is a biblical ob- 
jection to homosexuality, and it is offen- 
sive to a great number of people in our 
church." The Rev. Walter Edwards, 
vicar of All Saints', Charlotte, asked, "Is 
it the intent of this body to insure or- 
dination of practicing adulterers and 
homosexuals?' And Davis Smith, St. 
Stephen's, Oxford, asserted: "Ordina- 
tion is a privilege bestowed by the 
church, it is not a right; these limita- 
tions would make it a right." 

The vote was taken by orders, which 
means that lay and clergy delegates 
voted separately. To win, the resolution 
needed a majority vote in both orders. 
Clergy approved the resolution 84-36, 
but lay delegates voted 175-102 against 
it. The second resolution, on member- 
ship rights, was tabled with compara- 
tively little discussion. 

But the convention was by no means 
a one-issue affair. Delegates worked 
their way through a good many other 

Certainly, to the congregation of St. 
John's, Wake Forest, nothing was more 
notable than achieving parish status 
after being a mission for 75 years. 
Streamers streamed, kazoos buzzed and 
delegates stood to applaud at the mo- 
ment St. John's was accepted into union 
with convention as a parish. 

For the diocese's small parishes, a 
canonical amendment was important. 
Convention voted to allow a congrega- 
tion to retain parish status so long as it 
has adequate financial resources, pays 
its program quota to the diocese and 
maintains its normal church programs. 
Convention struck the previous 100- 
member minimum for parish status. 

Convention gave final approval to 
revisions to the diocese's constitution 
and canons to eliminate gender- 
specific language. The revisions were 
made by the Constitution and Canons 
Commission headed by the Rev. Hun- 
tington Williams, rector of St. Peter's, 
Charlotte. The Rev. Victoria Jamieson- 

Drake, who initiated the resolution to 
make official diocesan language gender- 
inclusive, thanked the revisers for "grace- 
fully and skillfully accomplishing the 
task set before them." She is assistant 
to the rector at St. Philip's, Durham. 

For the Hunger Commission, despair 
became ecstacy. Planned luncheon 
speaker Robert Hayes, of the National 
Coalition for the Homeless, was sick 
and couldn't come. But Gregory Headen, 
dean of the Divinity School of Shaw 
University, stepped in. The result 
according to commission chairman 
Verdery Kerr, was a speech that "fed 
people's souls, challenged the need for 
cohesion within Christianity and touch- 
ed all the hopes and dreams the Hun- 
ger Commission had had for all these 
months." Kerr is rector of St. Thomas', 

Delegates reinstated funds to the 
Church's Program Fund budget. Using 
money from undesignated program 
funds, convention approved a program 
budget of $1,358,149, up 7.5% from 
last year. The Maintenance Fund for 
1988 was approved as $621,989, an in- 
crease of 7.6% over 1987. 

The convention culminated in a two- 
hour closing Eucharist attended by 
about 500 people. The ceremony laun- 
ched the diocese's ACTS campaign and 
featured the announcement by Al Pur- 
rington III that more than $1 million 
has already been pledged. Purrington, 
a member of Christ Church, Raleigh, 
is chairman of the campaign's execu- 
tive committee. The colorful ceremony 
featured an array of church banners, 
handbells and brass music and a vid- 
eotape on the ACTS campaign. 

ACTS figured prominently through- 
out the convention. It was a motif of 
the addresses of Bishop Estill, Suffragan 
Bishop Frank Vest and Christian social 
ministries director Jim Lewis. 

Bishop Estill said that "... in our 
ACTS campaign, we are building on 
the heritage which has been left us and 
providing for our children and grand- 
children." (See page 4 for excerpts 
from the bishop's address.) 

Suffragan Bishop Vest referred to 
Psalm 137 and said: "The ACTS cam- 
paign is simply a method of providing 
the tools to allow us to help exiles 
learn how to sing the Lord's song in a 
strange land." (See page 6 for more 
from the suffragan bishop's talk. I 

Calling reaching the ACTS goal of 
more than $6 million inevitable, Lewis 
said: "The question left up in the air is 
whether ACTS will finally be faithful 
to God." Lewis proposed gauges of suc- 
cess for each of the three target areas 
of the capital funds drive: the Confer- 
ence Center youth facility, outreach 
and help for new and expanding 
congregations. (See page 5 for a sum- 
mary of Lewis' speech.) 

Two-dozen resolutions 

The 172nd annual convention was 
presented about two dozen resolutions. 
Delegates approved resolutions resolv- 
ing to: 

See Convention page 6 

Around the diocese 

New bite' to 
inclusiveness question 

After attending a conference on wom- 
en in the episcopate, Anne Johnson- 
Dougherty reports that the prospect of 
women bishops is being resisted. "That 
this opposition continues despite assur- 
ances (by canon lawyers and the pre- 
siding bishop, among others) that no 
canonical, theological or legal impedi- 
ments exist, gives new bite to the ques- 
tion of inclusiveness within the church," 
Johnson-Dougherty writes. She is a 
ministerial intern at Holy Comforter, 
Burlington. The conference was held 
in January at the Episcopal Divinity 
School in Cambridge, Mass. 

Schism, either within the Episcopal 
Church or within the Anglican Com- 
munion, has been raised as a possibili- 
ty if and when a woman is ordained 
bishop. However, conference partici- 
pants characterized the issue of schism 
as more of a delaying tactic than a 
likely possibility. 

Upon the consecration of a woman 
as bishop, what recourse would the 
minority of church people have? One 
possibility that's been suggested is for- 
mation of a non-geographical diocese 
for those who cannot accept a female 
bishop. However, there seem to be in- 
surmountable canonical and theologi- 
cal barriers to this idea. David Beers, 
member of the national church's Stan- 
ding Committee on Constitution and 
Canons, called such an accommoda- 
tion "a denial of the church's identity 
as one body— due to the fundamental 
nature of the sacramental acts per- 
formed by the episcopate," Johnson- 
Dougherty reports. 

And there is the question of what 
women would bring to the episcopacy. 
Johnson-Dougherty writes: 

"Can the election and consecration of 
female bishops lead the church to draw 
nearer to the Gospel portrayal of Jesus, 
who led by relinquishing power and 
who shepherded by experiencing re- 
jection, suffering and death? Do wom- 
en bring the gifts of peaceful interde- 

pendence and cooperativity to an often 
authoritarian and hierchical power 

And she concludes: "The act of elec- 
ting and consecrating a woman to the 
episcopate will raise questions both 
particular and profound. The event 
will be a learning experience for pro- 
ponents and opponents alike, leading 
the church to draw on reserves of em- 
pathy, compassion and tolerance." 

A towering Christ 

Martin Allen sends this report from 
St. Christopher's, Charlotte, where he 
serves as a vestry member: 

"The casual visitor or out-of-town 
Sunday worshipper might not be aware 
of the new roof, new heating and air 
conditioning system, or the many im- 
provements in the fellowship hall, but 

JK * 

The Christ at St. Christopher's 

it would be impossible to miss the 30- 
foot by 20-foot depiction of our Lord 
and Savior. (See photo.) 

"Rector F. William Lantz believes it 
most appropriate that this painting 
replace the many-years-old banners 
behind the altar, which had begun to 
show their age. 'Since Jesus has been 
the focal point of our preaching and 
teaching over the last several years, it 
is highly fitting that we have a visual 
representation of Him,' Lantz said." 

Lantz and his parishioners redecora- 
ted the whole church around the paint- 
ing, which dominates the 200-seat 
sanctuary. The painting, the first mural 
by Charlotte artist Lloyd Miller, was 
done on canvas stretched over the wall 
(unlike a fresco, in which paint is ap- 
plied directly to wet plaster on a wall). 

The painting, and some stained-glass 
windows that are now being done, are 
part of a $60,000 renovation program 
being done with the help of the dio- 
cese's Episcopal Church Foundation. 

St. Christopher's is located at 1501 
Starbrook Drive. 

Pilgrims walk for peace 

Coming up is the Pilgrimage for Peace 
in Central America. It's a seven-day 
walk across the state to "lift up the 
need for a just peace in Central Ameri- 
ca." Walkers will gather March 26 in 
six cities—Charlotte, Wilmington, New 
Bern, Lumberton, Winston-Salem and 
Roanoke Rapids— and begin walking 
toward Raleigh. Stopping along the way 
to worship, eat and sleep at host con- 
gregations, the walkers intend to arrive 
in Raleigh on April 2, Holy Saturday. 

Organizers say the pilgrimage is 
designed to fit the reflective nature of 
the Lenten season and that some of 
the walkers will carry crosses "marked 
with the names of Central Americans 
who have died in the struggle for jus- 
tice, whose lives speak to us of sorrow 
and of hope." 

The Rev. Jim Lewis, the diocese's 
director of Christian Social Ministries, 

is helping with the pilgrimage. Spon- 
sors are: the Peace and Justice Advi- 
sory Committee of the Roman Catholic 
Diocese of Raleigh; the Peacemaking 
Committee of the Orange Presbytery; 
and the Presbyterian Peacemaking 

Everyone is invited to walk all or part 
of the various routes of the pilgrimage. 
Information may be obtained by call- 
ing Gail Phares at 919-834-5184 (morn- 
ings) or Jimmy Creech, 919-832-3316. 

Our changing clergy 

Ordained to the vocational diaconate: 
Patsy Hayes Walters, Charlotte; Virgin- 
ia Going Poole, Raleigh; Barbara Keegan 
Armstrong, Apex; Charles Lucky Ogles- 
by, Raleigh. 

Ordained to the priesthood: Julian 
Cave, St. James', Wilmington; Matthew 
E. Stockard, St. Timothy's, Wilson; Ed- 
ward Scott, St. Paul's, Winston-Salem; 
Jeffrey D. Murph, St. Paul's, Winston- 
Salem; Patricia Daniel Turk, St. John's, 

Moved: Charles Parthum, from 
Grace Church, Washington, to Christ 
Church, Raleigh; Carol E. Henley, from 
Diocese of New Jersey, to St. Anne's, 
Winston-Salem; David C. Sweeney, 
from St. Mary's, High Point, to Messiah, 
Rockingham, and All Saints', Hamlet; 
Gary L. Cline, from St. Michael's, Ra- 
leigh, to Trinity, Fuquay-Varina; Henry 
A. Presler, from Emmanuel, Warren- 
ton, All Saints', Warrenton, and Good 
Shepherd, Ridgeway, to St. Paul's, 

Also moved: Jane C. Bruce, from 
Diocese of Washington, to Good Shep- 
herd, Rocky Mount; Dwight E. Ogier 
Jr., from Diocese of Central Gulf Coast 
to St. Michael's, Raleigh; Woodson Lea 
Powell IV, from Diocese of North 
Dakota to Church of the Advent, En v 
field, and St. John's, Battleboro; War- 
ren A. J. Soule, from Christ Church, 
Cleveland, to non-parochial status; 
Paul D. Tunkle, from St. Luke's, Salis- 
bury, to Diocese of New Jersey. 


March 18-19, Conference Center, 
Browns Summit: North Carolina Epis- 
copal Clergy Association Clergy/Spouse 

March 18-20, All Saints', Concord: 

"Understanding and Practice of Hearing. " 
Two-day conference led by the Rev. Canon 
Mark A. Pearson. $10 registration fee. 
For information: 704-782-2024. 

March 25-26, Presbyterian Church of 
the Covenant, Greensboro: "Women, 
Faith & Health Care Justice. " A confer- 
ence on health care issues facing women. 
$15 fee. For information: the Rev. Jeanette 
Stokes, 919-272-0844. 

March 26-ApriI 2, Statewide: "Pilgrim- 
age for Peace in Central America." A 
walk from six North Carolina cities to 
Raleigh to urge peace in Central America 

(see "Pilgrims walk for peace", Around 
the Diocese). For information: Gail Phares, 
919-834-5184 (mornings) or Jimmy 
Creech, 919-832-3316. 

March 27, St. Mary's House, Greens- 
boro: Organizational meeting of Triad 
Integrity Chapter. Integrity is a group of 
gay and lesbian Episcopalians. St. Mary's 
House, the Episcopal campus center of 
UNC-G, is located at 930 Walker Ave., 
Greensboro. For information: 919-334-5219. 

March 29-ApriI 4, Kanuga Confer- 
ence Center, Hendersonville; Easter at 
Kanuga. Meditation, celebration, parade, 
Easter egg hunt. For information: Mary Jo 
Padgett, 704-692-9136. 

April 16, St. Francis', Greensboro: 

Conference on spirituality and sexuality, 
with Bishop John Spong of Newark. For 

information: Bill Coolidge, 919-542-5679. 

April 19-20, St. John's, Charlotte: 

106th annual meeting of the Episcopal 
Churchwomen, with Presiding Bishop Ed- 
mond Browning and Bishop John Spong 
of Newark. 

April 22-24, Spring Youth Confer- 
ence. For information: Frances Payne, 

April 29-30, Chapel of the Cross, 
Chapel Hill: Diocesan Choir Festival. 
Workshops, rehearsals and worship ser- 
vice, "The Journey— A Meditation with 
Words and Music. " For information: 
Dorothy Lyall, 919-542-2248 

April 29-30, Bennett College, Greens- 
boro: "Resurgence in Racism: A Sign of 
the Times?" Conference on church response 

to racism in North Carolina. Sponsored 
by the North Carolina Council of Churches 
and North Carolinians Against Racist 
and Religious Violence. $25 fee. For 
information: the Rev. Collins Kilburn, 919- 
828-6501, or Mab Segrest, 919-688-5965. 

May 15-16, Trinity Center, Salter Path: 

Episcopal Lay Administrators Spring Con- 
ference. Overnight meeting of lay profes- 
sionals in the Episcopal Church. $38 cost. 
For information: Dick Hord, 919-342-6163. 

May 27-29, Durham: Southern Region- 
al Integrity Convention. For information, 
write: Integrity Triangle Chapter, P.O. Box 
3535, Durham, NC 27702. 

June 17-18, Conference Center, 
Browns Summit: HOPE Christian Edu- 
cation Conference. For information: Mary 
Mainwaring, 919-846-7477. 

The Communicant 

A portrait: "Laugh, love and live" 

By Ann Cass Milgrom 

She wasn't a celebrity, but everyone 
knew her. She was my grandmother, 
my mentor, but most of all she was 
my best friend. To walk down the 
street with her, one felt honored; to 
spend a couple of hours with her was 
priceless. I was lucky. I got to spend 
10 years of my life with her, and what 
she taught me in that short time will 
last my entire life. Her name was Ruby 
Milgrom. Ruby was a very appropriate 
name for her because, like the jewel, 
she sparkled and shone brightly wher- 
ever she happened to be. I always call- 
ed her Mu (pronounced muh) because 
that is the name my brother gave her 
when he was just old enough to talk. 

Mu was a busy women with the 
Nash Democratic Party, Episcopal 
Churchwomen, the Governor's Ad- 
vocacy Council of Children and Youth 
and other groups. Even so, she always 
found time to help people. Including 
me. I will always remember how she 
would sit down and talk to me, listen 
to all my ideas and discuss whatever 
happened to be on our minds. Mu 
always made me feel extremely im- 
portant by asking my opinion on cer- 
tain matters she was addressing. This 
thoughtfulness meant a great deal to 
me, because at that time not many 
people would take time to see how I 
felt about things. I was only a child to 
many, but to Mu I was an equal. 

I have never known anyone to have 
more energy than Mu. She was the 
only adult who could keep up with me. 
Actually, when I think back to the 
times that we spent together, I believe 
it was I who was keeping up with her! 
There was never a dull moment in Mu's 

table with the bag of prizes on one 
side of her and the box of Bingo chips 
on the other. The cards and markers 
were shuffled around the table and at 
last Mu began to call out the letters 
and numbers. 

The remarkable thing about Mu's 
Bingo games was that no one ever lost! 
By the end of the night, every family 
member had a prize. I think perhaps 
the reason no one lost had something 
to do with the way Mu used to pause 
between calling out numbers. She 
would casually glance around the table, 
looking at everyone's cards through 
her small black spectacles, which per- 
ched at the tip end of her nose. After 
Mu finished looking around, a small 
smile would appear on her face and her 
eyes would sparkle. All Bingo players 
great and small knew what was going 
to happen next. Someone at the table 
was going to get Bingo, which meant 
that that person was going to receive a 
priceless treasure, such as one of my 
grandfather's old, fat, flowered ties 
or a button from a past political cam- 
paign, from Mu's bag of surprises! 

A precious beach summer 

The last summer I spent with Mu I 
will cherish forever. We spent our 
days on the beach collecting sea shells, 
taking long walks, building sand cas- 
tles and splashing around in the cool 
ocean. Our nights were spent sitting 
on the dock listening to the crickets as 
we watched the stars reflect brightly 
over the water. The days flew by faster 
and faster. The nights became cool 
and crisp. Summer was almost over. I 
remember I was thinking about the 
end of summer when I overheard Mu 
making a phone call to a hospital. I did 

Author Ann Cass Milgrom 

something was wrong because 'Mu did 
not look like herself. She was always a 
strong person, and the way she looked 
then was so unlike her. Mu's face was 
pale, and I did not like the way she 
talked to me. When my mother and 
the rest of the family left the hospital 
room for a while, Mu started talking 
about dying. She asked me to promise 
her that I would not cry when she died, 
because she wanted me to be happy. 
I told Mu that I would try, but I could 
not promise. At that time Mom came 
back into the room, and Mu winked at 
me. I suppose Mu did not want any- 
one to know what we had discussed. 
When my family left that day, Mu 
again told me not to worry— she was 
fine. I believed her. I went back to 
school and Mu went back to her or- 
ganizations. Mu and I wrote several 
letters to each other and made several 
telephone calls, and the months rolled 

Ruby Milgrom (left) with Brent and Ann Milgrom 

company. She could take a placid night 
at the beach and throw a wave of ex- 
citement into the air by saying one 
word: Bingo! 

Bingo nights were the best! My whole 
family, including my cousins and par- 
ents, would gather around the kitchen 
table, which also doubled as the official 
Bingo table. Everyone had a smile on 
their face and a suspicious look in their 
eyes, because we took Bingo seriously. 

Mu would sit at the head of the 

not know that the end of something 
else, something more painful, was about 
to take place in the months to come. 

After Mu completed the call, I asked 
her about it. She told me that nothing 
was wrong and that I should not worry. 
So I did not, and that was my mistake. 

It was about mid-fall when Mu went 
to the hospital in Rocky Mount to 
have a "minor operation." The opera- 
tion went fine and everyone was hap- 
py. I was, too, until I saw her. I knew 


I was now in the fifth grade, strug- 
gling with math and counting down 
the days until summer vacation. On 
the second to the last day of school, I 
found out Mu had had a stroke. My 
parents told me not to worry about her. 
This time I did worry, and I was mad 
at God for punishing my family and 
me. I was tired of sickness and death. I 
had already lost both my grandfathers 
and one of my great grandmothers. I 

remember yelling at God for trying to 
take my best friend away from me. 

It was now summer again and I was 
supposed to be spending it at the beach 
with Mu. Instead, I was at home lis- 
tening to my parents make phone calls 
to doctors and family members. My 
father and brother drove Mu from 
Rocky Mount to a hospital in Charlotte, 
where we lived. Mom called all our 
relatives and explained why Mu was 
being moved. I can still hear Mom ex- 
plaining over and over again that the 
doctors didn't discover the lung cancer 
until after the stroke. I did not know 
what all the words meant at the time, 
and I didn't ask, because my parents 
were very upset. They did not talk 
much around me. 

Three words to remember 

I went to visit Mu only a few times, 
because the hospital just was not a 
place for a little girl to be. And the 
few visits I made were hard for me to 
handle. There in bed before me sat 
my best friend, whiter than the sheets 
she was lying on. The strongest person 
I had ever known was now lying in 
bed helpless. I could not take it. 

One night my other grandmother 
called. She and my mother talked for 
a long time. Later, Mom came upstairs 
and told me that I was going to Nor- 
folk to see my other grandmother. So 
we packed my suitcase and I went to 
the hospital the next morning for one 
last time. 

Mu was lying in bed holding a huge 
stuffed toy monkey of mine. When 
she saw me, a slow, sad smile ap- 
peared on her face. I went to her side 
and told her that I was leaving for the 
beach. When I finished talking, we 
just looked at each other and remem- 
bered the last summer that we had shar- 
ed together, knowing it would never 
be like that again. Then Mu took my 
hand and for a moment everything 
was normal again, and she said: "I want 
you to enjoy life, try everything at 
least once and have fun. Laugh, love 
and live." 

If any three words could actually 
describe Mu, those would be the ones: 
laughing, loving and living. 

I was in Mu's beach cottage at Pine 
Knoll Shores when I heard she had 
died. It is ironic that I was in our spe- 
cial place, where Mu and I had spent 
many happy summers together, when 
I heard the news. I sat on the dock, 
listening to the crickets, which were 
not so loud, and looking at the stars, 
which did not shine quite as bright. I 
was alone now, alone with my mem- 

I hoped that as time went by the 
pain would go away. I know now that 
the pain never goes away— it only be- 
comes a bit easier to deal with as the 
years pass and as I grow older. The 
only difference is that I do not blame 
God anymore. I now thank Him. I 
thank Him for allowing Mu and me to 
be together, even if it was not as long 
as I had hoped it would be. Meanwhile, 
I am laughing, loving, living and re- 
membering. • 

Ann Cass Milgrom is a senior at South 
Mecklenburg High School and a member 
of Christ Church, Charlotte. 

February/March 1988 

Excerpts from convention addresses 

By Robert Estill 

The writer of Psalm 16 sang, "The 
lines have fallen for me in pleasant 
places; yea, I have a goodly heritage." 

And such is, I believe, our case. 
What a pleasant place this is and how 
blessed we are to be here and to serve 
the Lord in North Carolina. The publi- 
cation of our history, from its begin- 
nings in 1701 until Bishop Penick's 
death in 1959, has reminded us of our 
"goodly heritage." From those early, 
shaky beginnings until now, it is a his- 
tory of people dedicated to their Lord 
and to their church, sometimes on the 
verge of collapse, but always pushing 
on, holding together. 

We are called to do our part 

You and I are being called in 1988 to 
do for our generation, and those to 
come, our part. In our ACTS cam- 
paign, we are building on the heritage 
which has been left us and providing 
for our children and grandchildren. 
We have not entered into this campaign 
lightly. Nearly five years have been 
spent ascertaining our needs. Countless 
meetings have been held and each step 
has been communicated to our wider 
membership. Still, there is something a 
bit frightening about such a large un- 

Old mapmakers wrote at the edges 
of their maps a warning: "Beyond 
here, there be dragons." Perhaps that 
"be" so, but I have a feeling that beyond 
this campaign there "be" a new com- 
mitment to mission and to stewardship 
for our diocese. 

us to use as we approach a new cen- 
tury in the life of the church. 

Good signs of diocesan life 

There were some good signs in our 
diocesan family this past year. 

We graduated and ordained our first 
class of Vocational Deacons from our 
diocesan program. This is really the 
revival of the vocational diaconate, for 
as James S. Brawley points out in the 
diocesan history: "The Rev. Frances J. 
Murdoch, Rector of St. Luke's, Salis- 
bury, reported to the convention of 
1883 a resolution allowing the bishop 
to call any layman to the diaconate, 
without being a candidate for Holy 
Orders to serve in his parish at his own 

Frances Murdoch's successor 104 
years later, the Rev. Mayo Little, was 
president of the Standing Committee 
which gave permission for the ordina- 
tion of the 1987 deacons. The Rev. Dr. 
Earl Brill and his committee and facul- 
ty are to be congratulated, and our 
four new deacons have joined the two 
who already were ordained under 
other programs and are hard at work. 
We have also taken significant steps in 
ordaining women and now have at 
least two who will soon be rectors of 
parishes, as well as 19 canonically resi- 
dent ordained women in the Diocese. 
Our recruitment and training of black 
clergy is still painfully slow, yet we do 
have two seminarians and at least two 
others starting the process. This past 
year I ordained one new black priest, 
and we are starting the search process 
for black clergy at St. Titus in Durham 
and Christ the King Center in Charlotte. 

Youth delegation as "California Raisins" 

You will be hearing more about 
the ACTS campaign at our service of 
celebration which will close this con- 
vention and open, officially, the cam- 
paign. It is the most ambitious and, I 
believe, important undertaking this 
Diocese has taken in our lifetime. For 
our youth and families with children, 
for the wide range of mission beyond 
ourselves, and for the establishment 
and maintenance of churches, this cam- 
paign will provide the tools for all of 

Two newly appointed part-time 
coordinators are at work in important 
areas of diocesan life. Frances Payne, 
of Greensboro, is our youth coordina- 
tor, and Cathy Beetham is the coordi- 
nator for our ministry with the deaf. I 
am especially grateful to the Rev. Diane 
Corlett for chairing the Task Force for 
Deaf Work, which task force will now 
be a commission and will continue to 
work with Ms. Beetham and our deaf 

Thoughts on human sexuality 

The question of human sexuality 
seems to have dominated the headlines, 
beginning in the Diocese of Newark 
with a diocesan study and an expres- 
sion of personal conviction on the part 
of Bishop Spong. He called for the bles- 
sing of homosexual unions and unions 
of those living together outside marriage. 
The reactions to this, in retrospect, 
were both hasty and in come cases 
hurtful. Since then, the presiding bish- 
op has called upon the church to resist 
taking a hardline position and to re- 
main open to debate ;and discussion, 
leading toward the meeting of the Gen- 
eral Convention in July and the final 
report of the commission considering 
the whole matter. Bishop Browning de- 
clined to take a personal, public stand 
on such matters, opting for "a model 
of leadership which enables any sub- 
ject to be discussed among us as long 
as such discussion is within a framework 
of mutual respect and loving-kindness, 
which brings about a pastoral re- 

Bishop Browning stated further: "We 
must continue to uphold, affirm and 
do all that we can to support the life- 
long committed relationship of a wom- 
an and man as the ideal context for 
the expression of human sexual inti- 
macy." He admitted, however, that 
"many people do settle for relationships 
and sexual intimacy outside the Church's 
teaching. . .The question before us is 
how does the Church minister to those 
with, and those outside, the Christian 
community who engage in sexual inti- 
macy outside the marriage state." Bish- 
op Browning called upon all of us to 
strive for the grace to hear God's voice 
in this discussion and to be faithful to 
His will, not merely bless the status 

Bishop Vest and I signed a statement 
made by the bishops of the 4th Pro- 
vince of the Episcopal Church, which 
was then printed in The Communicant. 
As with Bishop Browning's statement, 
it affirmed the union of male and 
female in marriage. We agree with the 
presiding bishop and we reaffirm that 
position. We are, however, also aware 
that he has asked the church to remain 
open and to encourage study, debate 
and dialogue. We agree with him and 
will at our February meeting of the 
4th Province bishops ask our brother 
bishops to join us in opening doors to 
study and discussion. We do not want 
to short-circuit what can be a valuable 
time of study for the whole church. We 
ask each of you to remain open as we 
seek to develop moral and spiritual per- 
spectives in matters relating to sexuali- 
ty and family life. 

Again, we are not being asked to re- 
ject the Christian teaching on marriage 
and sexual intimacy. Excellent study 
materials have been prepared by the 
General Convention's Task Force on 
Human Sexuality and Family Life, and 
copies have been sent to all of our 
clergy. As your bishops, we want to 
emphasize this study and to encourage 
you to develop ways of using these 
materials in your congregation. 

On a personal note, 1987 was a year 
of note in that our youngest daughter 
got married, our son and his wife had 

Bingham Powell, St. Mark's, Raleigh 

a little girl (our third granddaughter) 
and I passed the 35th year of my or- 
dination to the diaconate and, in Sep- 
tember, turned 60! 

I would like to think that your Dio- 
cesan House staff and I could end one 
year and begin another with the com- 
pliment the Quakers pay one another: 
"Friend, thee has been used." That is 
what I would try to judge each year by, 
and I hope it has been true for 1987. • 

The Rt. Rev. Robert W. Estill is Bishop of 
North Carolina. 

By Jim Lewis 

It should be clear to everyone within 
sight and sound of this microphone 
that the ACTS campaign is the main 
course of this meal we call convention. 
We may vote on a 1988 budget, debate 
canon law, storm and squirm over res- 
olutions about human sexuality, Cen- 
tral American peace, satanism, inter- 
mediate range nuclear forces and cop- 
killers, eat a meager meal and hear 
about homelessness, and congregate, 
as we do annually, to get reconnected, 
but the center ring will be reserved for 

Will ACTS be faithful to God? 

I have said that the goal of ACTS, 
$6,645,000, is more than possible, it's 
inevitable. The question left up in the 
air is whether ACTS will finally be 
faithful to God. 

For there is, you see, a distinction to 
be made between achieving a goal and 
being faithful to God. 

We could well achieve the financial 
goal of ACTS without being faithful to 

The Communicant 

God. Sitting in my seat, traveling where 
I travel, hearing what I hear and final- 
ly calling it like I call it, ACTS will be 
faithful if the following things occur: 

Youth Facility, Conference Center, 
Browns Summit. How will we know 
if the $2.9 million we've succeeded in 
raising for the youth facility at Browns 
Summit is a faithful commitment? In 
my mind's eye, the faithfulness will be 
gauged by the number of poor, scholar- 
shipped, non-Episcopalians who show 
up for conferences. It will be gauged 
by the number of black and Hispanic 
youth who blend in with the predomi- 
nantly white population presently us- 
ing the facility. Faithfulness will be 
gauged by the programs which begin 
for youth, where they are, at Browns 
Summit, and go forth to engage the 
poor in urban and rural areas of North 
Carolina and Appalachia and countries 
like Haiti and Honduras. 

A successful financial campaign will 
ultimately be a failure in faith which 

succeeds only in transporting our chil- 
dren from privileged congregational 
settings to a privileged conference cen- 
ter where the emphasis may be on soul 
and self fulfillment, yet ignores the 
Christ abused in the bodies of the poor, 
young and old alike. 

New Congregations. How will we 
know if the $1.5 million for the esta- 
blishment of new congregations is a 
faithful commitment? By the number of 
church buildings we can build? By the 
number of new Episcopalians we are 
able to attract? 

In my mind's eye, the faithfulness 
will be gauged by how original, how 
unique, those new congregations can 
be. That faithfulness will be gauged by 
how innovative those congregations 
become. The mark of faithfulness to 
mission will be registered in their will- 
ingness to risk new liturgical forms, 
new ways of living together in commu- 
nity, new ways to embrace the poor 
completely into their lives, new ways 

to make crucial social impact from a 
theological and liturgical base. Growth 
will not be the tail which wags the 
dog. In fact, new congregations must 
be committed to a model of leanness, 
not property-dependent or structurally 
bound. What I see is a North Ameri- 
can equivalent of what is called in Cen- 
tral and South America the base com- 
munity church. Not committed to 
growth— a new way to say greed— but 
committed to faithful apostolic witness. 

Outreach Programs. How will we 
know if the $2 million we've succeed- 
ed in raising for outreach programs is 
a faithful commitment? By the number 
of soup kitchens we can fund? By the 
quality of workshops we can conduct 
on racism or sexism? By the amount 
of money we can spend on shelters for 
abused women? 

In my mind's eye, the faithfulness 
will be gauged in a much more radical— 
and I mean by radical, basic— way. 
ACTS will be faithful when our expen- 

diture of $2 million for outreach pro- 
grams results in church-housed soup 
kitchens and church-housed shelters 
which stay open seven days a week, 
not five; when church worship services 
and coffee hours are frequented by the 
poor; when parish vestries and con- 
gregational meetings build houses, take 
stands on political issues which affect 
the poor, and advocate in the courst 
with people who are denied basic hu- 
man rights in the system; when war and 
peace issues are debated and positions 
for action are taken; when parishes 
turn out people to protest the death pen- 
alty and button-hole legislators to put 
an end to this barbaric practice; when 
churches welcome; refugees into their 
full life and lobby for an end to foreign 
policy practices which create those very 
refugees. • 

The Rev. James Lewis is director of 
Christian Social Ministries for the Dio- 
cese of North Carolina. 

A delegate speaks from the heart 

By Harriet E. Caligan 

As A delegate to the 1988 Convention 
of the Episcopal Diocese of North 
Carolina, I was confronted with the 
issue of sexuality, particularly homo- 
sexuality as it relates to the process of 
ordination to the priesthood. The con- 
vention considered and defeated this 

RESOLVED, the 172nd Convention of 
the Diocese of North Carolina memorial- 
izes the General Convention that Title III, 
Canon 8 be amended by the addition of a 
new section 2, renumbering subsequent 
sectioning, as follows: 

Sec. 2: No one, otherwise qualified, 
shall be denied access to the ordination 
process in this Church because of race, 
color, ethnic origin, sex, disability, sexual 
orientation, or age, except as otherwise 
specified by Canon. 

At this point, I feel compelled— as 
did many at convention— to state for 
the record that I am a heterosexual 
female. I am also practicing celibacy 
by choice. This statement may make 
you smile; however, that is not my in- 

If you were to see me face to face or 
speak with me, several things would 
be immediately apparent: I am a 
female, Caucasian, relatively healthy 
and attractive. My sexuality— indeed, 
my sexual preference— would not be 
apparent. Quite the contrary. Unless 
you knew for certain, you could only 
surmise that I was whatever you chose 
to assume about me. 

My point is that one's sexual orienta- 
tion is not something that a person 
chooses to share with another person 
unless the two are intimate friends. 
Furthermore, I believe that one's sex- 
uality is not something that affects 
one's ability to minister, unless the 
priest (male or female) chooses to use 
sexuality in ministry. In short, I would 

The Rev. Bill Brettmann faces the media 

contend that sexuality and ordination 
are as polar as are ethnicity and or- 
dination. Unlike ethnicity, sexual 
orientation is completely unapparent 
to the one receiving ministration. 

As homophobic as 
a human can be 

I am as homophobic as any human 
can be. Homophobia means fear of 
homosexuality. I am turned off by 
openly avowed gays and lesbians who 
publicly demonstrate affection. I am 
afraid of being the target of advances 
when in the company of homosexuals. 

At the convention I was one of 
seven delegates, two clergy and five 
laity, from my parish. I was the only 
one of those delegates who is unmar- 
ried. When the proposed memorial to 
our national church's General Conven- 
tion was being discussed, I found my- 
self considering the sexuality of the 

other delegates. Both of my parish's 
male clergy are in obvious committed, 
heterosexual relationships; that is, they 
both appear to be quite happily mar- 
ried. I may only assume that they are 
quite involved in practicing heterosex- 

What does that have to do with 
either person's ability to be a minister 
to me? I have known both of these 
clergy for several years and would be 
astounded if either addressed the issue 
of sexuality to me unless I brought it 
up. By the same token, a few years 
ago, a homosexual did serve as a priest 
to me. His sexual orientation was some- 
thing that I knew while he was minis- 
tering to me. Neither his sexuality, his 
sexual gender, nor his ethnicity was im- 
portant. It was important, however, 
that when I shared my pain as a broken 
human being in my own personal rela- 
tionships, he responded to me as a pas- 
tor. His sexual orientation had nothing 

to do with his ability to be present to 
me and to care for me as one human 
cares for another. 

What, I ask, does one's sexual orien- 
tation have to do with God's call to 
that person to be a minister? With all 
the information now in the medical 
community, how can we know that 
one's sexual preference is not indeed 
genetic? How can we know with cer- 
tainty that God does not call people of 
differing sexual orientation to be minis- 
ters of the Gospel? What indications 
do we have that Jesus would not have 
called a homosexual to be an apostle 
or a disciple? 

If our church can be so cognizant of 
the continuing creation by our Lord as 
to bless the ordination of women some 
10 years ago, surely she can be open 
to God's creation in other possibilities. 
We, as participants in creation with 
God, can also be open to the possibili- 
ty of God's call in mysterious ways 
that only He can fathom. 

Delegates to the Convention request- 
ed that the vote be divided by order- 
that is, with the clergy voting separate- 
ly from the laity. In order to pass, the 
memorial would have had to pass both 
orders. The clergy voted 70 percent in 
support of the memorial. 

While I was saddened that 62 per- 
cent of the voting laity rejected the 
memorial, I was heartened that the 
dialogue on both sides was done in a 
spirit of human and Christian love and 
compassion. I noticed that people were 
truly listening to each other. While the 
memorial may have failed to obtain 
the majority vote necessary to pass, 
the delegates to the Convention demon- 
strated clarity of understanding and 
purpose which far exceeds the out- 
come of any parliamentary maneuver- 
ings. • 

Harriet Caligan is a communicant of Em- 
manuel, Southern Pines. 

February/March 1988 

Suffragan Bishop's letter 

Dear Friends in Christ, 

I want to tell you about a group of 
people who were among the most 
mournful and pitiful people whom the 
world has ever seen— the colony of Jews 
who were gathered in Babylonia during 
the 6th century B.C. They were proud 
people from a once-proud nation; and 
both people and nation had fallen upon 
hard times. Babylonia, the ascendant 
world power, had invaded the Southern 
Kingdom in 598 and completely over- 
come the Jewish nation. Jerusalem was 
destroyed 11 years later. Many of the 
Jews were deported to Babylonia dur- 
ing all this, and the deportation and 
humiliation were complete by 587. 

The Jewish people were settled as 
aliens and outcasts on the banks of the 
river Chebar in the desert land we now 
call Iraq. 

Try to imagine the hopelessness and 
lostness of these people: uprooted from 
their homes and their land— families 
torn apart— stripped of their dignity- 
deprived of any meaningful future— and 
dependent upon the good graces of the 
despised Babylonians. 

An upside-down world 

To help us imagine their upside-down 
world, we have Psalm 137, written 
during this period of exile. A portion 
of it reads: 

By the waters of Babylon we sat down 
and wept when we remembered thee O 
Sion./As for our harps, we hanged them 
up upon the trees that are therein. /For 
they that led us away captive, required of 
us then a song, and melody in our heavi- 
ness: Sing us one of the songs of Sion.1 
How shall we sing the Lord's song in a 
strange land? 

A most amazing thing had happened 
to the people of Israel: At a time when 
they needed God as perhaps they never 
had before, they found that they could 
not worship Him. They could not re- 
capture the old closeness. They were 
wandering not only in physical exile, 
but in spiritual exile. Their world had 
no orientation. They were in crisis, and 
the Lord's song would not come to 
their lips. 

As the 20th century nears its close, 
there are many who find an affinity 
with the exiles in Babylonia. For this 
world has indeed become "a strange 
land." The anthropologist Margaret 
Meade said that the very young are 
the only true natives of any culture, 

because they have never known any- 
thing else. For the rest of us, the accel- 
erated changes and confusions of our 
world cast us into exile. 

Internationally, nothing is predic- 
table. Old enemies are not staunch 
allies; old friends are now suspect or 
outright hostile. The threat of nuclear 
war hangs over us with increasingly 
alarming menace. Our national econo- 
my is a roller-coaster source of fear and 
insecurity seemingly unbound by any 
of the old rules. Our technology is ex- 
ploding geometrically, racing far beyond 
our ability to cope with it experiential- 
ly, morally, ethically or intellectually. 
While Copernicus and Galileo had a 
hundred years between them, it now 
seems that each year brings us several 
Copernican and Galilean discoveries. 

The church finds itself being cast 
into strange new lands as it wrestles 
with issues such as we are wrestling 
with at this convention— issues of peace 
and justice, issues of human sexuality. 
These issues, which cry out for prophet- 
ic witness, in many cases lead us into un- 
charted ground. And yet, faithfulness 
to the Gospel compels us to venture 
into these lands, even though they be 
filled with uncertainty and anxiety. 
We need to listen to each other with 
sensitivity and charity, as I think we 
are doing at this convention. Our job is 
to discover not what our tightly held 
opinions are, but to discern what is in- 
deed God's will for us in this world of 

Isaiah brings message of hope 

The familiar and the predictable are 

no longer here. Thus many will under- 
stand the question raised so long ago in 
ancient Babylonia: "How can we sing 
the Lord's song in a strange land?' 

An answer to that poignant question 
came in the words of the second 
Isaiah, who strode into that 6th cen- 
tury B.C. strange land and presented 
them a message of hope: Comfort ye, 
comfort ye my people, saith your God. 
Speak ye comfortably to Jerusalem, and 
cry unto her that her warfare is accom- 
plished, that her iniquity is pardoned, for 
she hath received of the Lord's hand dou- 
ble for all her sins. Every valley shall be 
lifted up; and every mountain and hill 
shall be made low; and the crooked shall 
be made straight; and the rough places 
plain. And the Glory of the Lord shall be 
revealed and all flesh shall see it together: 
for the mouth of the Lord has spoken it. " 

Six hundred years later, the essence 
of Isaiah's message was given by our 
Lord to his disciples. Prior to entering 
his own strange land of crucifixion, He 
promised them: "I will not leave you 
comfortless; I will come to you. Let 
not your hearts be troubled, neither let 
them be afraid." 

In neither instance was God promis- 
ing that they would not be entering 
any strange lands. Nor does He make 
that promise to us. What He does pro- 
mise is that he will always be in the 
land before us and present with us. It 
is that assurance that causes the Lord's 
song to well up in our hearts. 

And it is in this context that I want 
to talk about the ACTS campaign— A 
Celebration Through Stewardship. 

The church's joy and obligation is to 
help exiles learn how to sing the Lord's 
song. To teach that song, we must have 
it firmly implanted in our own hearts 
and voices. When all is said aad done, 
the ACTS campaign is simply a method 
of providing the tools to allow us to do 

The youth facility at the Conference 
Center will allow us to teach the Lord's 
song to countless children and young 
people. So many songs compete for our 
young people's attention that we must 
provide them with the Lord's song; then 
they can appropriate it as their own. 
The facility will have diverse uses, in- 
cluding serving as a center of outreach 
for physically and emotionally disabled 
and economically deprived youth— all 
of whom are wandering in some very 
frightening and strange lands. 

The diocesan fund for Christian out- 
reach gives us the opportunities to pro- 

vide new life and hope for those wan- 
dering in various kinds of exiles: the 
poor, the dispossessed, the oppressed. 
The breadth of needs to be met through 
this fund is exciting and creative. 

Finally, we want to help with the 
missionary expansion of congregations 
in the diocese, as well as help existing 
congregations expand. A congregation— 
the local gathering of the members of 
the Body of Christ— is the weekly locus 
for singing the Lord's song. It is the 
time and place that we sing it. We teach 
it to our children, and we teach it to 
those whom we have brought in to 
hearit for the first time. From the con- 
gregational gathering, we go forth to 
teach that song to the rest of the world. 

God is found in strange lands 

Let me say something that may 
sound peculiar to you. Perhaps it is a 
good thing that we continually find our- 
selves going from one strange land to 

We tend to equate the presence of 
God with the familiar. Further, we 
substitute some strange idols for God; 
such was the heresy of 6th century 
B.C.; such is our present heresy; and 
such, I fear, will be the heresy of the 
21st century. We depend on things for 
our salvation: institutions, alliances, 
bombs, stocks and bonds. And we de- 
pend on people for our security and 
salvation. But security and salvation 
are not to be found in things or in 

Our ultimate security and salvation 
will be found only in God. If we are 
seduced into lodging our dependence 
anywhere else, we are doomed. 

This is the biblical record: Abraham 
and Sarah, Miriam and Moses, the pro- 
phets, our Lord Jesus Christ, were all 
thrust out of the familiar and the com- 
fortable; they and countless others went 
out into strange lands. And there, to 
their utter amazement, they did not 
lose God— they found Him! 

How can you sing the Lord's song in 
a strange land? We must learn how to 
do it, because it is the only song worth 

Faithfully Yours, 

Frank H. Vest, Jr. 

(Adapted from address at Diocesan Con- 

Convention / from page 1 

—Support an international confer- 
ence to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian 
conflict and oppose unnecessary vio- 
lence by Israel. 

—Affirm tithes of 10 percent and pro- 
portional giving. 

—Assume responsibility for and give 
support to those serving in our armed 

—Oppose and abhor violence in pur- 
suit of political and religious views. 

—Go on record as opposing military 
aid in Central America. 

—Support the right of freedom of 
speech, allowing information of all phi- 

losophical views to be made available 
for public consideration. 

—Support the Intermediate-range 
Nuclear Forces Treaty. 

—Recognize February as Criminal 
Justice Month. 

—Create a task force to study the 
state of youth ministry. 

—Form a study commission to con- 
sider alternative ways of funding the 
diocesan budget. 

Tabled, referred or discharged were 
resolutions that: 

—Opposed further spending for the 
Strategic Defense Initiative ("Star 

—Urged the "severest penalty for 

—Opposed the Humanist Manifesto's 
tandard of sexual conduct. 

—Required clergy to "remain faithful" 
to Article VII of the Constitution of the 
Church regarding the Bible. 

—Encouraged the formation of reli- 
gious clubs for high school students. 

—Condemned the "false sexual pro- 
paganda" presented in the entertain- 
ment media. 

—Renounced Satan. • 

Gail Doucette Wojton is a Raleigh writer 
and a communicant of Church of the Na- 

Coming in the 
April Communicant 

•Wrapup of diocesan conven- 
tion elections. 

•Update on ACTS capital funds 

•Preview of annual ECW con- 

•Survey of Bible translations- 
first in a series. 
•In El Salvador— a roundtable 

•Journey into wholeness— 
toward holiness. 

The Communicant 

Bishop's letter 

Dear Friends, 

There are role models in every profes- 
sion, and I suppose each of us can 
name people who have been that for 
us. John Coburn, the retired Bishop of 
Massachusetts, has always been one of 
mine. He has been president of the 
House of Deputies, author of several 
books, rector of St. James in New York, 
dean of the Episcopal Theological School 
and Bishop of Massachusetts. And I 
have always looked up to him. I even 
bought a hat like his once! 

John has just finished a visiting lec- 
tureship at Virginia Seminary, and his 
paper, "Christian Wholeness and Theo- 
logical Education," was printed in the 
January issue of the Virginia Seminary 
Journal. In it, he admits to having been, 
for most of his life, "a closet animist." 

He writes: "I have always sensed a 
mysterious 'other world in nature: in 
sunsets and sunrises, flowing water in 

brooks, special trees or groups of trees, 
waves crashing, grass waving, wind 
rustling, moon and stars moving, birds 

flying and singing, thunder clapping, 
rain falling." 

I am glad to come out of the closet 
with Bishop Coburn. Indeed, his essay 
helped me renew my conviction that 
good stewardship demands that we be 
aware of and attuned to all creation. 
Read Canticle 12, "A Song of Creation," 
on page 88 of our Prayer Book. Read 
Psalm 74:15, 16. Seek him of whom 
Amos spoke, "He who made the Pleiades 
and Orion, and turns deep darkness 
into the morning. . ." 

The word "Lent" derives from an 
old Anglo-Saxon word meaning spring. 
And Lent is here once again. During 
its 40 days as we pass through the 
days of penitence, prayer and prepara- 
tion, the whole creation can be our 
teacher. As St. Paul noticed, it "groans 
and travails," waiting for the redemp- 
tion. It waits and watches with us and 
then springs into its Easter glory. 

John Coburn ends by saying: "I 

believe in the spirit world that sur- 
rounds us— with both divine and demon- 
ic spirits. I believe in sacred groves 
where I can commune with the spirits 
of loved ones who have died, and when 
I see the sun rise out of the darkness 
over the horizon at Cape Cod, I see 
the risen Christ bringing light to the 
world and I praise him while running 
over the sand." 

My prayer for our diocesan family 
this Lent is that God, who has filled 
the world with beauty, will, "open our 
eyes to behold his gracious hand in all 
his works; that, rejoicing in his whole 
creation, we may learn to serve him 
with gladness; for the sake of him 
through whom all things were made, 
his son Jesus Christ our Lord." 

Robert W. Estill 


Trip was inspiring 

As a newcomer to the Episcopal Church 
and as a young person, I really did not 
know what to expect at the annual con- 
vention of our diocese when I went as 
an observer (and as it later turned out, 
a page and reader as well). I would 
like to thank the many wonderful peo- 
ple of our diocese for what was to me 
an inspiring and educational trip to 

It is very commendable that we, al- 
though having our differences and dis- 
agreements on many issues, retain our 
unity and strength as a Diocese and a 

The Episcopal Diocese is very for- 
tunate to have a youth coordinator as 
sincere, friendly, and caring as Frances 
Payne. Our Diocese is also blessed 
with a special group of young people, 
of whom several I met at the Conven- 
tion. The Lord has surely been good to 
me in leading me to the Episcopal Dio- 
cese of North Carolina and its people. 
God bless you. 

Chad Jones 
Galloway Memorial, Elkin 

Don't ordain homosexuals 

I dread to bring down on my head 
the scorn of those who would ordain 
"practicing homosexuals" as priests of 
God the Father, God the Son, and God 
the Holy Spirit, for proponents of such 
ordination are powerful and include 
much of the national Episcopal hierar- 
chy, far more than two-thirds of the 
clergy delegates and one-third of the 
lay delegates to our recent Diocesan 
Convention. Yet I feel compelled to 
protest, however obscure my voice. 
Both the Old and New Testaments are 
explicit throughout that the practice of 
homosexuality is evil. 

Surely we should be kind to homo- 
sexuals and welcome them in our 
churches, but to ordain them while 
they preserve their practicing status is, 
I believe, an insult to the Lord God 

Almighty, who is not only all love and 
all goodness and all mercy and all gra- 
ciousness— but who is all Holy as well. 

History is strewn with cultures that 
defied God's wisdom and widely em- 
braced homosexuality as they entered 
their periods of decline and propelled 
to demise. 

That our beloved Church should 
persist and insist on honoring this life- 
style with the accolade of ordination 
saddens me. 

Jane Morrison Moore 
Christ Church, Charlotte 

Evans answers questions 

At the Diocesan Convention, just 
ended, I offered to answer questions 
raised relative to our Diocesan appor- 
tionment to the national church in the 
next issue of the Communicant. I did 
not have the information with me in 
Raleigh at the Convention; I have since 
consulted with Mr. Lewis Gill, Senior 
Assistant Treasurer of the church who 
furnishes the following information for 

At the 1985 General Convention, the 
Program Development Budget resolu- 
tion contained the following as part of 
the overall resolution: 

"The Net Disposable Budgeted In- 
come (NDBI) of the Church in a dio- 
cese shall be the sum of parish receipts 
for general purposes (Items 1751, 1752, 
1753, 1756 of the Parochial Reports) 
and diocesan endowment and other in- 
come for budgetary purposes (A-2 and 
A-4 of the Diocesan Report). The income 
(NDBI) reported for the year 1983 shall 
be the basis for the apportionment for 
the year 1986; that reported for 1984 
for the 1987 apportionment; that re- 
ported for 1985 for the 1988 apportion- 

One of the questions raised at Con- 
vention concerned the increase in our 
apportionment from 1987 to 1988. The 
answer follows: 

The NDBI for the Diocese of North 
Carolina was compiled using the fol- 

lowing figures: 

Diocesan Report Parochial Reports NDBI 

1984 $50,364 + $10,129,653 = $10,180,017 

1985 $49,849 + $11,071,335 = $11,121,184 
The 1984 NDBI was used to com- 
pute the 1987 apportionment (quota) 
and 1985 for 1988. The percentage re- 
mained the same for each year of the 
triennium at 4%. 

$10,180,017 x .04 = $407,200 

rounded up to $408,000 
$11,121,184 x .04 = $444,847 

rounded up to $445,000 
As you see the reason for the in- 
crease in the apportionment was due 
to the increase in the parishes budget 


The second guestion raised at Con- 
vention was how large was the in- 
crease in the national church's budget 
between 1987 and 1988. The 1987 bud- 
get totaled $34,902,615 and the 1988 
budget is $36,330,780; an increase of 
$1,428,165. The apportionment assigned 
to all dioceses in 1987 was $25,157,000 
and for 1988 is $26,626,000. The in- 
creased size of the budget, however, did 
not cause the increase in the apportion- 
ment for the diocese which is explain- 
ed above. 

If there are other guestions, I hope 

that members of our diocese will write 
me. I shall be only too happy to an- 
swer them. 

Scott T. Evans 
St. Stephen's, Durham 

Bishop showed courage 

I would like to take a moment to 
thank Bishop Estill for his thoughtful 
and compassionate leadership through- 
out the discussions of sexuality during 
the Diocesan Convention. Given the 
(often irresponsible) sensationalizing of 
the news media and the highly charged 
and controversial nature of the discus- 
sion, I thought the Bishop demonstrated 
a great deal of courage and integrity in 
a difficult situation. 

My hope is that we will all continue 
to uphold him with our prayers and 
our actions. 

Bryant A. Hudson 

Parish Business Administrator 

Good Shepherd, Raleigh 

The Communicant is published monthly, 
September through June, with a combined 
issue for February and March, by the Episco- 
pal Diocese of North Carolina. 

Bishop: The Rt. Rev. Robert W. Estill 

Suffragan Bishop: The Rt. Rev. Frank H. Vest, Jr. 

Editor: John B. Justice 

Art Director: Mary Sox 

Non-diocesan subscriptions are $2.00. Sub- 
missions are welcome; they are due on the 
10th of the month for the issue dated the 
following month. 

Please send letters and address changes to: 
The Communicant, P.O. Box 17025, Raleigh 
NC, 27619. Phone: (919) 787-6313. 

The Communicant is a member of the Asso- 
ciated Church Press and the Association 
of Episcopal Communicators. Second-class 
postage paid at Raleigh, North Carolina, 
and at additional post offices. Publication 
number: USPS 392-580. 

February/March 1988 

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Vol. 79, No. 3 

The Newspaper of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 

April 1988 

ECW gets set for big meet 

By Colleen Hartsoe 

When the Episcopal Churchwomen of 
the Diocese of North Carolina hold 
their 106th annual meeting, April 19-20, 
at St. John's, Charlotte, they will wel- 
come three national church leaders: the 
Most Rev. Edmond L. Browning, Pre- 
siding Bishop of the Episcopal Church; 
the Rt. Rev. John S. Spong, Bishop of 
Newark; and Ann Smith, National 
Church Executive of Women in Mission 

Ann Smith of national church 

and Ministry. All three have taken clear 
public positions regarding the church's 
responsibility to offer equal opportuni- 
ty to women. They have been asked 
to join the North Carolina women in 
an exploration of the theme: "As I 
Have Loved You. . .An Affirmative Vi- 

"As I have loved you," said Jesus, 
"so you must love one another." (John 
13:34) He provocatively developed this 
thought by pointing out that this love 
for one another is between friends, not 
between master and servant. John 15: 
13-15) What kind of love is this? How 
does it apply to women's roles in the 
church? To relationships between men 
and women? Between women and 

Bishop Browning was serving as 

Bishop of Hawaii when he was elected 
Presiding Bishop in 1985. For a num- 
ber of years he had' served the church 
outside the mainland United States. 
For this reason, perhaps, he can more 
easily sort out religious issues from 
cultural ones. He has staled: "It is the 
role of the church to place moral issues 
on the national agenda . . . nor should 
we be deterred by those, from within 
and without our numbers, who will 
view our efforts with suspicion and 
contempt." In a statement regarding 
inclusiveness, he said, "Because we 
seek the face of Christ in all humanity 
1 am called to challenge anything that 
desecrates the creation and degenerates 
personhood." When he was installed 
in January 1986, he said, "There are 
tears of despair which we refuse to see. 
There are cries for help which we do 
not hear." If women are to be loved as 
the friends Jesus described, they must 
be listened to. 

Within the church the most impor- 
tant step toward real friendship bet- 
ween men and women has been 
women 't ordination to the priesthood, 
which will lead in time to women as 
bishops. Again Bishop Browning has 
been affirming: "The movement and 
aspiration for women in the episcopacy 
are just and appropriate." He has even 
said that welcoming women as dea- 
cons and priests and eventually as bish- 
ops is "our gift to the Anglican Commu- 
nion . . . and to all Christendom." 

Women's right to full participation 
in church leadership is also supported 
by Bishop Spong, who is an author and 
scholar as well as bishop. He is the 
most published member of the House 
of Bishops. Born in Charlotte, Bishop 
Spong has served parishes in Durham 
and Tarboro and in Virginia. He has 
been Bishop of Newark since 1978 and 
is a member of the national church's 
Standing Committee on Human Affairs 
and Health. 

Injjiuch of his writing, Bishop 
Spong asks Christians to face their long- 
standing sexual prejudices. In his 1983 
book, Into the Whirlwind, he wrote: "I 
do not want to further the experience 
that women so often have had of being 
denigrated and humiliated in the name 
of a Father God by a Mother Church 
in which only men have positions of 





Presiding Bishop Edmond Browning 

power." He writes further: "I see 
the future of the church as bright, not 
dark . . . there is for me strength in the 
realization that as I journey toward 
that vision, I shall discover again and 
again that in Christ there is neither male 
nor female, that all our human divi- 
sions can be transcended. When that is 
equally true in the life of the church 
of this Christ, then the battle for the 
freedom of the souls of men and women 
will be over and the victory will usher 
in a new and fascinating day of full 
and deeply Christian creativity." 

The church cannot give a message of 
redemption to a patriarchal world if it 
refuses to acknowledge the problems 
facing women every day within the 
church. The male guest speakers will 
bring honest scholarship and sympathy, 
but only churchwomen themselves 
can share experience. Included in the 
annual meeting's program will be lay 
and clergy women discussing their own 
church roles, past and present, how 
they have been held back, how they 
have seen improvement. 

One such laywoman will be Ann 
Smith, executive of Women in Mission 
and Ministry at the church's national 
office in New York. Of particular in- 
terest to her at this time is the Ecumen- 
ical Decade for Churches in Solidarity 
for Women. The kickoff date for this 
is Easter of this year. The ecumenical 

decade is a movement by the World 
Council of Churches to encourage every 
parish, community, congregation, dio- 
cese and province to work out with 
women specific ways to eliminate dis- 
criminatory church structures, practices 
and teachings. 

The Diocese of North Carolina is 
fortunate to have the Episcopal Church- 
women and the Commission on Wom- 
en's Issues already actively pursuing 
these goals. However, true solidarity 
with women will be indicated when 
other church groups have the same 
goals. From church executive councils 
to parish committees, the powerful ma- 
jorities should be asking spontaneously 
and sincerely, "Where are our women 
friends? In some way are we keeping 
them from joining us?" 

Women have made tremendous con- 
tributions in the past to the mission 
and ministry of the church. They have 
even greater contributions to offer as 
they look within themselves for talents 
undeveloped or unaffirmed. This an- 

Bishop John Spong of Newark 

nual meeting seeks to celebrate a new 
vision of the church that offers part- 
nership among women and men, laity 
and clergy. • 

Colleen Hartsoe is a communicant of St. 
Mary's, High Point. 

End urged to South Africa ties 

The United States should sever its 
ties with South Africa, the Episcopal 
Church says. 

The church also has reaffirmed its 
support for Anglican Archbishop Des- 
mond M. Tutu in his efforts to end 

The church took the twin stands in 
a resolution passed Feb. 25 in Guata- 
mala City by the Executive Council. 
The church's governing body passed the 
resolution unanimously. 

In a letter commenting on the action, 
Presiding Bishop Edmond L. Browning 

"This resolution ... is a response to 
the action of the South African govern- 
ment against seventeen organizations 
in South Africa working for peaceful 
change. The effect of this action makes 
it virtually impossible for these organi- 
zations to be involved in any political 
process, including the right to assembly. 
Archbiship Tutu has characterized this 

action as 'a declaration of war." 

Bishop Browning's letter went to the 
Public Policy Network of the church. 
Archbishop Tutu has called on the 
international community to- end rela- 
tions with South Africa. In a Feb. 24 
statement, Tutu said: 

"This government seems to have 
nothing to offer South African but vio- 
lence and bloodshed. It must go and 
be replaced by a democratic, non-racial 
government which represents all the 

country's people, black and white. 

"I still desperately want a negotiated 
solution to our crisis, and the only 
peaceful way of forcing this govern- 
ment to the negotiating table is through 
properly-enforced and comprehensive 
diplomatic and economic sanctions. I 
reiterate my call for such sanctions. 

"If we do not get effective action 
from white South Africans or the in- 
ternational community, then God help 
us." • 

Around the diocese 

"How lucky I am" 

It never hurts, in assessing diocesan 
events, to go straight to the horse's 
mouth for a report. Here's what Sara 
Knott of St. Paul's, Winston-Salem, 
thought about the winter youth con- 
ference she attended at the Conference 
Center at Browns Summit. She writes: 

"Right now I'm at a time in my life 
where I am very confused about almost 
everything I do, including my religion. 
I do know that being in church, sing- 
ing in the choir and belonging to EYC 
give me a great feeling of security. The 
same feeling was with me the entire 
weekend at Winter Conference. The fel- 
lowship and the sense of belonging 
overwhelmed me. . . 

"This being my first conference, I 
wasn't sure what to expect. I didn't 
know if we would be skiing the whole 
time or if we would be talking the 
whole time. As it turned out we had a 
great mixture of both. Some of the is- 
sues that came up when we discussed 
our topic of social injustice are issues 
that are very important to me, such as 
discrimination. I learned a great deal 
about myself and my religion during 
the big group sessions and the small 
group sessions. . . The discussions made 
me think a lot about my position in 
life and how lucky I am to be who 
and where I am. 

"I especially enjoyed the musical offer- 
ings made during lunch after Eucharist- 
there were so many very talented peo- 
ple there it was wonderful. . . .The 
skiing and talking and worshiping all 
were great." 

Diocesan choir festival 
Set for April 29-30 

About 400 singers from 17 parishes 
are expected for the upcoming diocesan 
choir festival. The event is set for April 
29-30 at Chapel of the Cross in Chapel 
Festival coordinator Dorothy Lyall of 

Pittsboro reports: "Fortunately most of 
the 17 parishes sending choirs ordered 
their music early, as it had to come 
from England from Oxford University 
Press and the Royal School of Church 

The English connection is Lionel 
Dakers, director of the Royal School of 
Church Music. He will conduct the 
choirs and will speak on both days of 
the event. At the 60th anniversary of 
his school, Dakers conducted a choir 

Lionel Dakers to direct choirs 

of 850 for a congregation of 8500 in the 
Royal Albert Hall in London. 

Everyone is invited to attend the fes- 

Workshops, designed for clergy and 
musicians, cover such things as vocal 
technique, -clergy-organist relations, 
children's choirs and anthem readings. 

The culmination of the event comes 
at 4 p.m. on Saturday, April 30, with 
the festival service, "The Journey— A 
Meditation with Words and Music." 
Bishop Robert Estill and Suffragan Bish- 
op Frank H. Vest Jr. will preside at the 

Information on the choir festival may 
be obtained by contacting: 

Dorothy Lyall 
Fearrington Post Box 317 
Pittsboro, NC 27312 

Lay caring workshop 
in Rocky Mount church 

The Stephen Series is coming to Rocky 
Mount on May 14. Christ Church will 
host a workshop on the St. Louis-based 
organization that presents a model for 
lay caring in congregations. 

About 2,000 congregations in 50 
denominations worldwide are current- 
ly using the Stephen Series model. 

The workshop, from 9 a.m. until 1 
p.m., aims to demonstrate to partici- 
pants a congregation's potential when 
its laity become involved in caring for 
one another. Christian community will 
be examined theologically and practi- 
cally. And the workshop will present 
the Stephen Series' training on minis- 
tering to persons experiencing grief. 

All interested persons, lay and cleri- 
cal, are invited. 

For information, call the rector of 
Christ Church, the Rev. Mark House, 
at 919-442-5561 or 977-6181 

ACTS passes $4 million 

As of March 15, the diocese's ACTS 
campaign had generated more than $4 
million in pledges, gifts, vestry com- 
mitments and other gifts. 

ACTS, A Celebration Through Stew- 
ardship, is the capital funds drive to 
raise $6,645,000. The funds will be used 
for youth facilities at the diocese's con-- 
ference center ($2.9 million), outreach 
work in the diocese and elsewhere ($2 
million) and assistance for new and ex- 
panding congregations ($1.5 million). 

As of the March 15 reporting date, 
the $4 million total represented 60.7% 

of the goal. Seventy congregations 
made reports, while 51 were yet to be 
heard from. 

Class writes prayer 

At St. Margaret's, Charlotte, the 

junior-senior high Sunday School class 

met, read the Bible, reflected on it and 

then wrote this collaborative prayer: 

O Lord our God, 

Let us be attentive to your words, 

Make us grow into understanding of your 

As we discover your meaning in our hearts. 
What are the needs of your people? 
What can we do for them? 
Lord, my faith is too small, make me 

Lead us into that path where we become 

Your light, O Lord, 
Growing brighter and brighter for all the 



The Communicant is published monthly, 
September through June, with a combined 
issue for February and March, by the Episco- 
pal Diocese of North Carolina. ' 

Bishop: The Rt. Rev. Rob&rt W. Estill 

Suffragan Bishop: The Rt. Rev. Frank H. Vest, Jr. 

Editor: John B. Justice 

Art Director: Mary Sox 

Non-diocesan subscriptions are $2.00. Sub- 
missions are welcome; they are due on the 
10th of the month for the issue dated the 
following month. 

Please send letters and address changes to: 
The Communicant, P.O. Box 17025, Raleigh 
NC r 276'9. Phone: (919) 787-6313. 

The Communicant is a member of the Asso- 
ciated Church Press and the Association 
of Episcopal Communicators. Second-class 
postage paid at Raleigh, North Carolina, 
and at additional post offices. Publication 
number: USPS 392-580. 


April 16, St. Francis', Greensboro: 

Conference on spirituality and sexuality, 
with Bishop John Spong of Newark. For 
information: Bill Coolidge, 919-542-5679. 

April 19-20, St. John's, Charlotte: 

106th annual meeting of the Episcopal 
Churchwomen, with Presiding Bishop Ed- 
mond Browning and Bishop John Spong 
of Newark. 

April 22-24, Camp Willow Run, Lit- 
tleton: Spring Youth Conference. Dio- 
cese's annual event for junior and senior 
high school students. For information: 
Frances Payne, 919-274-4279. 

April 27-29, Kanuga Conference 
Center, Hendersonville: "Issues '88: 
Conference on Human Sexuality and Wom- 
en in the Episcopate. " With the Rt. Rev. 
John S. Spong, the Rt. Rev. William C. 
Wantland, the Wen. Denise Haines. Confer- 

ence fee of $145 per participant. For infor- 
mation: Mary Jo Padgett, 704-692-9136. 

April 29-30, Chapel of the Cross, 
Chapel Hill: Diocesan Choir Festival. 
Workshops, rehearsals and worship ser- 
vice, "The Journey — A Meditation with 
Words and Music. " For information: 
Dorothy Lyall, 919-542-2248. 

April 29-30, Bennett College, Greens- 
boro: "Resurgence in Racism: A Sign of 
the Times?" Conference on church response 
to racism in North Carolina. Sponsored 
by the North Carolina Council of Churches 
and North Carolinians Against Racist 
and Religious Violence. $25 fee. For in- 
ormation: the Rev. Collins Kilburn, 919- 
828-6501, or Mab Segrest, 919-688-5965. 

May 7, Conference Center, Browns 
Summit: "Say It In Pictures." Workshop 
on practical video use by local churches. 

9 a.m. -4: 30 p.m.. $15 fee. For informa- 
tion: Wanda Johnson, Diocesan House, 

May 14, Christ Church, Rocky Mount: 

Workshop on lay caring ministry and the 
Stephen Series. Model for clergy and their 
congregations to set up a system for laity 
to care for one another. (See Around the 
Diocese, this page.) 9 a.m. - 1 p.m. For 

information: the Rev. Mark House, 919- 
442-5561 or 977-6181. 

May 15-16, Trinity Center, Salter Path: 

Episcopal Lay Administrators Spring Con- 
ference. Overnight meeting of lay profes- 
sionals in the Episcopal Church. $38 cost. 
For information: Dick Hord, 919-342-6163. 

May 27-29, Durham: Southern Region- 
al Integrity Convention. For information, 
write: Integrity Triangle Chapter, P.O. Box 
3535, Durham, NC 27702. 

June 12-17, Kanuga Conference 
Center, Hendersonville: Conference for 
Adults Who Work with Youth. For edu- 
cators, church school leaders and youth 
group directors. With Martin Bell, Epis- 
copal priest and author of The Way of 
the Wolf, Distant Fire and Nenshu 
and the Tiger. For information: Mary 
Jo Padgett, 704-692-9136. 

The Communicant 

Small church, huge ministry 

It's an amazing project: 

St. Andrew's, Haw River, has only 
115 members. Yet this tiny church has 
sent 20 truckloads of food, clothing, 
furniture and other goods to help mi- 
grant workers. 

The donations from the Rev. Bryan 
Griswold's little congregation have 
been flowing for two years to the Shiloh 
Migrant Head Start and Day Care Pro- 
ject in Smithfield. All told, St. Andrew's 
has generated more than $15,000 to 
help out. 

The Shiloh project is a day care and 
head start center for migrant children. 
In the summer, the center cares for as 
many as 300 migrant children. It's op- 
erated by the Christian Church. 

Griswold recalls that in 1986 when 
parishioner Suzy Woznick learned 
about Shiloh, St. Andrew's "felt we 
might be able to help, but we didn't 
think we would have much of an im- 

Woznick is a prime reason why 

everyone's expectations were surpassed. 
An employee of the School of Public 
Health of the University of North Caro- 
lina at Chapel Hill, Woznick monitors 
the health of migrant workers. So she 
knows about the working and living 
conditions of North Carolina's 60,000 

After asking a social worker in 
Smithfield how she could help, Woz- 
nick returned to Haw River and asked 
Griswold to spread the word that food 
and clothes were needed. Griswold 
made the request from the pulpit and 
announced the need in .the church 

Then St. Andrews' members began 
combing their attics for furniture. They 
gathered canned food and clothes and 
every possible type of donation. "The 
Friends of St. Andrew's" was formed 
to handle donations from throughout 
Haw River. The end result— so far, 20 
truckloads of food, clothes, linens, toys, 
furniture, etc.— surprised and delighted 


The St. Andrew's-Shiloh connection 
continues to grow. Late last fall, St. An- 
drew's and Holy Comforter in nearby 
Burlington, sponsored a pre-Christmas 
party for the migrants as they prepared 
to move south to harvest in Florida. 
Woznick and Griswold plan to invite 
someone from Shiloh to come visit St. 

This example of mission and 
ministry has generated some lessons, 
Woznick and Griswold say. They sug- 
gest that other small churches, when 
thinking of starting' such a project, 
bear these things in mind: 

1. Don't bite off more than you can 
chew. Start with what you- know you 
will be able to handle, and work from 

2. Choose a project with personal in- 
volvement, especially for lay people. 
One of the most important parts of 
this project is the personal relation- 
ships developed between St. Andrew's 

people and the migrant children. Woz- 
nick helps keep the personal ties alive 
by updating her congregation through 
slide shows and talks. 

3. Be broad. St. Andrew's started 
with donations of food, but soon dis- 
covered many other items— toothpaste, 
soap, blankets, shampoo, etc.— were 

4. Don't let criticism unhinge you. 
Critics will always be there, so stand 
your ground. 

The chairman of the diocese's Hun- 
ger Commission, the Rev. Verdery Kerr, 
calls the St. Andrew's project one of the 
very best small church efforts he's seen. 
Kerr is rector of St. Thomas', Reids- 
ville, and will be glad to answer any in- 
quiries about hunger needs, programs 
and projects in the diocese. He can be 
reached at 919-349-3511. • 

Thanks to Meloni J. C. Murph, of St. 
Paul's, Winston-Salem, for the material 
used in this article. 

Finds richness on mountain 

By Verdery Kerr 

Due to an extraordinary convergence 
of events, I was treated with an ex^ 
perience of three diverse populations 
in the United States. Within a span of 
two and one-half weeks, I was wel- 
comed into: a heady academic setting 
of Harvard University; a young, am- 
bitious, pinstripe-banker set of Yuppies 
(or DINKS: Dual Income, No Kids) in 
Raleigh; and an isolated, improverished, 
uneducated community in Kentucky 
on the western edge of Appalachia. 
Entree into Harvard and Raleigh was 
through invitations for me to help with 
weddings. My pilgrimage to Appalachia 
was with a work camp of teenagers 
which our diocese sent to the St. Timo- 
thy's mission in Barnes Mountain. 

At Harvard, I felt an oppressive aura 
about the university people— an ele- 
gantly cloaked drive for renown and 
achievement— a hidden drive, but not 
so well hidden that I missed the com- 
petitive urges, the oneupmanship. The 
repartee in genteel places revealed a 
need to be on top, in charge, victori- 
ous. The wedding guests moved easily 
among one another, but they weren't 
at ease. And the graceful occasions of 

the weekend did not give life; they 
drained it. 

In Raleigh four days later, I moved 
among a wedding peopled by Yuppies 
and Dinks. Throughout the rehearsal 
dinner,the pinstripe bankers (with suit- 
ably beautiful wives) discussed three 
topics: how hard they worked; the deals 
they had made; and the investments 
they had chosen. The group acceded 
the hardest-worker award to the Dink 
among them who takes his calculator 
to bed with his wife— to take advantage 
of the money-making possibilities of 
every waking moment— and who rises 
at 6 a.m. to set to work with the hope 
that no deal had been squandered, no 
investment opportunity lost, during the 
night. Not much life or heart or soul 
to the conversations, I thought. Self- 
oriented. No room for others. The emp- 
tiness of the Yuppie-and-Dink exis- 
tences—the hollowness I identified— 
troubled me. I was relieved to return 
to my non-Yuppie, non-Dink, much 
less successful life as a clergyman. 

A refreshing contrast was provided 
during my week at Barnes Mountain. 
Why refreshing? Possibly because the 
place was a radical departure from my 
daily life (running water and indoor 
plumbing are scarcities on the moun- 

tain). Possibly because the slower pace 
allowed us to play games and tell 
stories— allowed the human touch. I 
found myself not bored, not drained- 
alive. The work camp demanded more 
physical exertion that I'm used to giv- 
ing, but I felt tremendous energy. The 

simplicity of St. Timothy's is life-giving; 
the people and the setting were capti- 
vating. And the five days on Barnes 
Mountain were nectar from the gods. 
Inner peace. Acceptance by the men and 
women, boys and girls of the mission. 
No questions asked. My body felt clean- 
er and my mind clearer than in a long 
time. In short, this setting that appears 
so poor beside Harvard and Raleigh 
gave me life. 

There was a richness on Barnes 
Mountain which I rarely find, and a 

poverty at Harvard and in Raleigh 
which I see all too often. The paradox 
of my two and one-half weeks goes to 
the heart of Christianity. At Barnes 
Mountain, souls can be reclaimed and 
spirits renewed. Our ostensible pur- 
pose was to work to improve the mis- 
sion. However, I felt certain from the 
beginning that I was there so the gra- 
cious, generous poeple of the mountain 
might cleanse my soul. Life is abundant 
on Barnes Mountain. Grace abounds 
there despite the absence of academic 
degrees, pin-stripe suits, calculators, 
portfolios, running water and indoor 
plumbing. My favorite prayer from the 
Book of Common Prayer describes the 
truth I found in my kaleidoscopic two 
and one-half weeks: 

O God of unchangeable power and eter- 
nal light . . . by the effectual working of 
your providence, carry out in tranquility 
the plan of salvation; let the whole world 
see and know that things which were cast 
down are being raised up and things 
which had grown old are being made 
new, and that all things are being brought 
to their perfection by him through whom 
all things were made, your Son Jesus Christ 
our Lord. • 

The Rev. Verdery Kerr is rector of St. 
Thomas', Reidsville, and chairman of the 
Hunger Commission of the diocese. 

Elected at Convention 

Here are the people chosen for diocesan offices 
by the annual convention in January. Asterisks 
indicate those declared elected because the num- 
ber ol persons nominated was the same as the 
positions open. 

Diocesan Council 

Lay Order: Priscilla Swindell, St. Michael's, 
Raleigh; AHA. Williams, St Stephens, Ox- 
ford; Eileen Greenwood, St. Martin's, Charlotte. 
Clerical Order: the Rev. Christopher Columbus 
Gray*, St. Mark's, Wilson; the Rev. Nancy 

Reynolds Pagano*, Chapel of the Cross, Chapel 
Hill; the Rev. G. William Poulos*, St. Andrew's, 
Greensboro (2 year term). 

Standing Committee 

Lay Order: Henry W. Lewis", Chapel of the 

Cross, Chapel Hill; Scott T. Evans', St. Stephen's, 


Clerical Order: the Rev. Dr. Glenn E. Busch', St. 

Mary's, High Point. 

Conference Center Board of Directors 

Lay Order: William A. Short, St. John's, Char- 
lotte; Frances S. Moser, St. Luke s, Salisbury; 

Susan Smitherman, St. Mary Magdalene, Troy. 
Clerical Order: the Rev. Donald A. Fishbum*, 
Christ Church, Charlotte; the Rev. Ira Johnson*, 
St. Stephen's, Winston-Salem; the Rev. George 
B. Holmes*, Calvary, Wadesboro, and All Souls', 
Anson ville. 

Penick Home Board of Directors 

Mrs. Henry D. Haywood, Christ Church, 
Raleigh; W. Clary Holt, Holy Comforter, Burl- 
ington; Laura L. Hooper, St. Stephen's, Winston- 
Salem; Thomas R. Payne, Christ Church, 
Charlotte; Mrs. Julian Robertson, St, Luke's, Salis- 
bury; Philip Russell, Holy Trinity, Greensboro; 

Barbara Scott Jester, Emmanuel, Southern Pines; 
Charles M. Shaffer, Chapel of the Cross, Chapel 
Hill; Mrs. C. Leslie Sweeney Jr., Good Shepherd, 
Raleigh; the Rev G. Markis House, Christ 
Church, Rocky Mount, 

Thompson Children's Home 
Board of Managers. 

John T. Allred, Christ Church, Charlotte; Cecil 
L. Patterson, St. Titus Durham; the Rev. Leland 
F. Smith, Holy Innocents, Henderson. 

University of the South Board of Trustees. 

Lay Order: George A. Atkins, Epiphany, Eden. 

April 19 

In El Salvador: 

Connections with N.C. 

Editor's Note: On May 1, a Salvadoran 
human rights worker will speak in 
Raleigh. She is Maria Teresa Tula viuda 
de Canales, and she represents the Com- 
mittee of Mothers of the Disappeared (the 
Co-Madres/. She will speak and answer 
questions at St. Mark's at 9:30 a.m. and 
at Good Shepherd at 7:30 p.m. 

In November, a delegation from North 
Carolina spent 10 days in El Salvador 
under the auspices of the Carolinas Inter- 
faith Task Force on Central America 
. (CITCAj. Communicant editor John 
Justice interviewed the four Episcopalians 
who went on the trip. They are: Meredith 
Patterson and Janet Sharpe, both of Holy 
Comforter, Burlington; Margot Tesch, St. 
Bartholomew's, Pittsboro; and the Rev. 
Jim Lewis, director of Christian Social 
Ministries for the diocese. 

Communicant: Why did you pick El 
Salvador to visit? 

Jim: One of the things we're seeing 
here in North Carolina— and in our 
own diocese's program, working with 
migrants and farmworkers in the east- 
ern part of the state— has been more 
and more Salvadorans coming here. 
There is a stream of refugees coming 
up from El Salvador, so I saw some con- 
nections between the Salvadoran war 
and what we're seeing here by way of 

Janet: And most interestingly, Reagan 
has just recently been touting El Salva- 
dor and Duarte's situation, the Duarte 
regime, as the perfect model of demo- 
cracy in Central American. So we went 
down to hear it from the horse's mouth. 

Communicant: Which horses? Who did 
you speak with? 

Jim: Vides Casanova, the head of the 
army. One of the most powerful men 
in Salvador. 

Meredith: And Rene Roldan, head of 
the Social Democratic party, a recently 
recognized, or permitted, party that 
was outlawed for many years. 

Margot: We spoke with human rights 

Janet: We talked to people from refu- 
gee camps. 

Margot: People in the mountains 
where battles are still going on, who 
are being driven out of their villages. 

Janet: Crops destroyed, buildings de- 
stroyed, absolutely nothing to go back to. 

Jim: Over the past couple of years as 
the air war has increased, people have 
been driven out of the mountain com- 
munities into the larger cities like San 
Salvador, and found themselves in ref- 
ugee camps. They can look out from 
camps and see the land that was theirs. 
There's a movement back to the land, 
and the army discourages people from 
staying in this area and tries to drive 
them out. But the people are coming 
back, despite the military driving them 

Margot: And despite little support. 

We visited an area where people had 
moved back into their village. They'd 
been driven out and had been in a 
camp. Then, after five months, they 
organized among themselves because, 
"We want to get back to our homes. We 
want to get back to our land. We were 
meant to be farmers and that's what 
we want to be." And, without support, 
they moved back to their village and 
rebuilt a wonderful place for them- 
selves. And now they're seeing some 

Communicant: So did you find El 
Salvador to be a model of democracy? 

The evidence of repression, and the 
fear, are just about overwhelming. Any- 
one who speaks out is called a subver- 

Jim: It struck me how young the sol- 
diers were. And it struck me that here, 
as in the Middle East, you're talking 
about poor young people fighting other 
poor young people. It's a civil war in the 
sense that they're killing one another. 

Margot: But it's not a civil war in the 
sense that it's controlled within the 
country— it's perpetuated and develop- 
ed because of outside interests. 

Co-Madres member in San Salvador demonstration 

Jim: Well we met with a group called 
the Co-Madres, people who have been 
picked up themselves or have had fam- 
ily members who disappeared. They 
keep records, and both they and the 
human rights groups we talked to say 
the disappearances have been increas- 
ing lately. 

Janet: We saw people with machine 
guns everywhere. Army helicopters 
were flying by all the time. We saw 
many people carried on stretchers. It 
was very obviously a country at war. 

Janet: There would not be a war there 
today if the USA was not involved. 

Jim: I think there would certainly be 
struggle, though. 

Meredith: I think it would be over with 
by now. 

Communicant: What would the out- 
come of the struggle be without outsiders? 

Meredith: I would hope for some sort 
of coalition— that's what everyone seems 

to say they want to have. 

Janet: I did not get any clear notion 
from anyone that they wanted some 
leftist regime, and communism is far 
from their mind. 

Meredith: I think they're tired of the 
war. I mean it's been going on for a 
long time. 

Jim: They speak in El Salvador of the 
Fourteen Families, who down through 
the years have controlled the economic 
wealth of the country. And then there's 
the whole military complex that's al- 
most like a West Point mentality. So 
there's this structure that's there. And 
it's traditionally protected the Fourteen 
Families and all the economics that go 
on there. And so I would say there'd 
be struggle in that country no matter 
what, but the millions of dollars we 
pour in there are just backing the eco- 
nomic powers-that-be and add to the 
intensity of the war and make the suf- 
fering more. 

Communicant: Why is the U.S. involv- 
ed in El Salvador? 

Margot: What we are told is this: The 
Communists are coming. This is an im- 
portant test as a dike— we need this dike 
plugged up or else the Communists 
are going to overrun Central American 
and Mexico and be at our borders. I 
don't think it's quite that clear cut. 

Janet: There are a lot of people not 
aware of the size of El Salvador— the 
size of Massachusetts! Or is it Connec- 
ticut? Five— point— two million people. 
And how many dollars did we send 
this year, $700 million? Where the min- 
imum daily wage would be a dol'ar 
and a quarter. Try to figure that out. 

Jim: Here we are, cozying up to 
Russia, cozying up to China. We have 
relationships with India, which gets a 
huge amount of money and foreign aid 
from Russia. We cozied up with Iran. 
Israel has been selling arms to Iran for 
a long time, so what's our relationship 
with Israel, whom we supply? It's con- 
fusing, and I think the confusion may 
cause more people to ask a lot of ques- 
tions that are healthy— like, how come 
today these people are the big enemies 
and tomorrow they're not? 


Communicant: Does El Salvador have 
the means to solve its problems if left 
to itself? 

Meredith: If there were some kind of 
agrarian reform, yes would be the an- 
swer. But right now, the agrarian 
reform is sort of a joke. 

Communicant: How so? 

Meredith: Well, it works like this: 
there is a co-op, and this co-op is sold a 
certain piece of land at a high interest 
rate. The land can't produce enough 
to sustain the people in the co-op and 
pay back the loan. Consequently, the 
loan and the interest on the loan con- 
tinue to increase so much that the co-op 
gets so far in debt that there is no pos- 
sibility they can pay off the loan. 

The Communicant 

"It was very obviously a country at war." 

Margot: Nor purchase the tractor that 
they would use to increase production. 

Communicant: Who loans the money to 
the co-ops? 

Meredith: The banks. 

Communicant: Who owns the banks? 

Margot: Well, the banks have been 

Jim: I don't care who you talk to, land 
reform hasn't worked. Plus a lot of the 
land is in the conflict zones, and as 
long as there's going to be a war, it's 
going to be difficult to grow things, 
move things, and get the work done. 
The war has to stop. A full constituen- 
cy has to sit around the peace table, 

and that means political power for the 
FMLN and the FDR [Editor's Note: The 
FMLN—the Farabundo Marti Forces of 
National Liberation — are the guerrilla 
forces: the FDR — the Democratic Revolu- 
tionary Front — is a political party on the 
left.] But the big thing that's got to hap- 
pen is the release of the power that 
the military has over the country, and 
that's the key. 

Margot: Those are the big things, but 
there's lots of little steps involved. The 
agrarian reform, they do need assis- 
tance. In fact, I was talking with them 
as being from an agricultural state, 
North Carolina. Is there a way we can 
directly be involved in the redevelop- 
ment of their agriculture? And I heard, 
yes, there's lots of things that we can 
do in assistance. 

Communicant: Such as? 

Margot: More technical assistance. 
You know, helping design a way to 
pipe down the water from the moun- 
tains. Maybe bringing some hybrids 
that might do well in their climate. 

Communicant: What forms did you see 
U.S. aid taking in El Salvador? 

Jim: You see it, for example, in their 
very fine airport and super highway 
from the airport into San Salvador. You 
see it in all the guns and troops and 

Margot: And in the fortresses of the 
homes of the wealthy. 

Janet: The glass-topped, barbed-wired, 
high-walled edifices. 

Margot: Where you don't see it is in 
the faces of the people — the barefoot 
children who aren't in school— the rub- 
ble that lays on the side of the road 
that's been there for years. 

said yes, we saw U.S. aid— when we 
were fired upon, they had new uni- 

Janet: One of the things troubling me 
is that after talking to a representative 
of the U.S. embassy, she explained 
that part of her job is to go out and 
ask the heads of different groups in El 
Salvador what their complaints are. 
Then she is supposed to report back to 
Washington. And we hit about all the 
important groups in El Salvador, many 
of them anyway, and every time we 
went there, we asked had they seen 
anybody from the United States asking 
about your worries, your concerns, 
getting your opinion. Not one single 
outfit had been contacted. And that 
worries me, because it sounds like 
there's a team of people down there 
that are supposed to be doing this and 
sending back accurate information to 
Washington, and it is not occurring. 

Communicant: Now that you're back 
and talking about your experience, what 
do people in your church say? Do they 
listen to you? 

Meredith: Oh yes— although I have 
a feeling there're a lot of them who 
wouldn't agree. 

Janet: I don't think they can argue with 
our experience, though. 

Communicant: You mean, although 
they might draw different conclusions, 
the fact is you saw what you saw. 

Janet: Yes. 

Margot: People have listened very 
intently, and they are real anxious to 
hear about my experiences. What I'm 
trying to find a way to do is to give 
them a specific thing to do. 

Communicant: Such as? 

Meredith: One woman we talked to Margot: I don't know. It's difficult to 

give them specifics. 

Meredith: They can vote, and they 
can ask the people they vote for what 
their position is. 

Janet: I think heightening awareness 
is one thing— if I can advance just 
somewhat a certain number of people 
understanding what's going on down 
there, and have them question our 

Margot: But they have to question, 
because there are so many things go- 
ing on in the world, it's one of a thou- 
sand things we're all concerned about. 
And I want them to pick this up, I 
want them to do more than say, yes 
I'm concerned, yes I'll write that letter 
in February when the vote for contra 
aid comes up again. 

Jim: One of my hopes— and I hope 
you'll highlight this— is to get a delega- 
tion like they sent to Belize. Let's go one 
step further. We need to go down and 
look at some of the refugee camps in 
Honduras, for example. That's one of 
the things the diocese's refugee commit- 
tee is going to be talking to Bishop Estill 
about. Let's begin to learn about refu- 
gees, not just in this country but where 
they're coming from— and about the 
foreign policy associated with refugees. 
I think that's exciting— it's populist poli- 
tics and I think it's parish ministry. You 
see what I'm driving at: this is a local, 
grassroots thing. 

Janet: I'm really impressed with the 
people I've contacted already whose 
awareness has changed. It's in the 
hundreds, and suddenly El Salvador 
becomes more than just a dot on the 
map. Not many people go to another 
place and come back, prodding and 
poking and questioning what our gov- 
ernment is doing. I have sons who are 
six and eight years old, and they're not 
going to war in Central American if I 
can help it. • 

April 19 

Premarital sex is not holy 

By John C. Boling Jr. 

Let me tell you of two conversations, 
one reported to me and the other one 
overheard. Each conversation involved 
a priest. Each demonstrates how far 
our leaders have drifted from the val- 
ues ordained of God into the humanis- 
tic morass. 

The first conversation took place 
during an Episcopal Youth Conference 
(EYC) meeting. A youth— feeling the 
full pressure of adolescent hormones- 
asked the priest's opinion of living to- 
gether out of wedlock. The answer he 
received (paraphrased) is that it was 
probably a good idea, because the cou- 
ple would thereby learn if they were 
suited for one another. 

Ahh, so modern. So open-minded. 
And so wrong. 

Not only is this bad theology, it's 
bad psychology and is not supported 
by studies on the question. The truth 
is, studies show that at best living 
together makes no difference to the 
success of the eventual marriage; in 
some cases, it seems to create great 
pain in such relationships. And there 
are studies showing that people who 
are virgin upon marriage experience 
greater sexual satisfaction after mar- 

On to the second conversation, the 
one which I overheard. This conversa- 
tion concerned a particular church's 
stance toward remaining virgin until 
marriage. The priest's end of the con- 
versation went like this: 
"We have many teenagers who're 

sexually active. Many of these are more 
involved in the Christian life than the 
young people who are not sexually ac- 
tive. We can't condemn these young 
people. And we can't minister to those 
we drive away by being too judgmen- 

• But the Body of Christ must stand 
for the life our Lord led. True, he 

or not. Certainly when people come 
into the church, they expect to find its 
members living as God intends— walk- 
ing in his life— finding the abundant 

Premarital sex is not part of that holy 

Premarital sex is sin, condemned 
over and over by prophets and saints. 

didn't condemn. But he did set a strict 
standard of conduct. And his saints 
repeatedly call for Christians to con- 
vert the world with examples of living 
with holy light. Nowhere is the Body 
directed to compromise with evil, hop- 
ing to pull the darkness into the church 
and then convert it to light. Far too of- 
ten, the conversion goes the other way. 

Saint Paul adjures the Christian to 
judge his every action by its effect on 
people who are watching— who are 
looking at God's people and deciding 
whether what Christianity says is true 

Premarital sex can bear the wages of 
emotional, relational and even physical 

Waiting produces its own good fruits. 
Those who wait have assurances that 
their mate has already exercised disci- 
pline and self-denial; this argues that he 
or she can do the same after marriage. 
Trust is strengthened. Each member of 
the virginal marriage can grow to- 
gether in the joy of discovering each 
other's body. Nor is the marriage tainted 
with the guilt ensuing from previous 

Love concerns itself for the wellbe- 
ing of others and never values the 
other person for selfish desire. But lust 
does just that. And lust is not of God. 
It should never be tolerated by the 
Body of Christ. 

Which is exactly what the priests 
mentioned above are doing. 

And at such great cost. For at a time 
when the most important pressure on 
youths is that of peer groups, the young 
persons are robbed of the safe haven 
that the church should provide. 

Am I drawing too-large conclusions 
from trivial evidence? Am I making 
too much of a pair of conversations? I 
think not. I am not, of course, presen- 
ting them as conclusive testimony for 
my conclusions. However, the gist of 
what I was told and overheard does 
harmonize with my own sense of what 
life is like in our church now. 

And what a shame! For it could be 
so different. 

I think of another young woman— 
not, alas, of the Episcopal Church— 
who credited her Christian upbringing 
with her abstinence from premarital 
sex. She mentions the "strong network 
of friends and fellow church members 
who provided the support and caring 
needed through those unsure times." 
And she treasures the "care and inti- 
macy derived from those special peo- 
ple" in her church. 

Not trendy. Not open-minded. Just 
the way of life — the abundant life pro- 
mised by our Lord. • 

John C. Boling Jr. is a member of St. 
Margaret's, Charlotte. 

No such thing as ministry 

By Jim Lewis 

Blame it on Bishop Estill! 

That's right. Blame it on Bishop 

If he hadn't financed my way over 
to the Duke Divinity School to spend 
a day with Will Campbell, I probably 
wouldn't have tackled the following 
two subjects. 

There's a subject I've been mumbl- 
ing about under my breath for the past 
seven months, and Will Campbell- 
preacher and writer and great soul- 
has breathed courage into me to step 
into the traffic and say my piece. 

The subject is ministry. 


A long time ago, I realized that great 
literature, great ideas, great truth, rare- 
ly tell us anything new. What they do, 
when we are confront with them, is to 
confirm in us something we already 
knew or suspected deep inside our- 

Listening to a speaker or reading a 
powerful line from a book or hearing 
something profound come from the 
lips of an actor on the stage or screen 
somehow rings a bell in me. The truth 
revealed recalls in me something 
within myself which, for some reason 

or other, has been stifled, repressed, 
excused away as being crazy or foolish, 
denied rather than revealed. 

Truth finds itself at home 

When Joan Baez sings it or Arthur 
Miller writes it or Jesse Jackson speaks 
it or Rosemary Reuther preaches it or 
Mark Russell satirizes it or Picasso 
paints it, I say "Yeh! That's it!" The 
truth has come home and found itself 
already there. 

Montaigne said: "I quote others the 
better to express myself." He was right. 
What he says is true. Senator Biden 
should have used that line. (And given 
Montaigne the credit.) 

The truth has "been there all along, 
perceived but locked in the silence of 
our timid souls. The truth-teller brings 
the keys that unlock our secret in- 
sights. Like small plants, they need the 
light of the day. The truth-teller is the 
gardner— the one who gives us permis- 
sion to grow. 

Will Campbell was the gardner. His 
comments gave me permission to speak. 

I've come to an important conclu- 
sion. Will Campbell admitted it, so why 
not me? The conclusion is simply this: 
There's no such thing as ministry. 

All this talk of ministry has put me 

off for a long time, and now I know why. 

We don't have a ministry. We have 
a life to live. It's as simple as that. 

It seems to me that the church has 
pushed this ministry talk too hard. 
Every publication I get from church 
sources talks ministry talk. Lay people 
I meet speak of their "ministry." It's 
everywhere, this talk of ministry. 

There's no such thing. There's just 
living. In the same way, there's no such 
thing as "lifestyle." There's only living. 
And there's no such thing as "dialogue." 
There's only talking and listening. 

Lingo hides the reality 

The lingo hides and distorts the reality. 

Let me put it another way. When I 
run, I try to run— not fall. If I begin to 
think too much about what I'm doing, 
I become too self-conscious about pick- 
ing my feet up and putting them down. 
I mess up. I usually fall. 

Same way with living. When I turn 
it into "life style" or "ministry," I fall. 
The beauty of the "sheep" in Matthew 
25 is that they un-self-consciously met 
God by feeding the hungry and vis- 
iting prisoners. They were stunned to 
find, later on, that just living— just 
good, plain old loving and living— was 
all it took. The whole thing would 

have gone to pot, if they'd have been 
thinking about ministry. Besides, minis- 
try has the feel of doing unto rather 
than being done unto. And all of us who 
dare to live know that real living and 
loving is exchange: being done unto and 
doing unto. And it ain't dialogue or life 
style or ministry. 

Pardon my passion on that subject. 
But do you know what I am driving 
at? This ministry thing is just too ec- 
clesiastical. I bet the whole thing was 
thought up by a bunch of clergy. Or 
maybe by lay people who want to be 

Personally, if the church wants to 
indulge itself in this conversation (and 
I hope we don't), perhaps it would be 
more productive to talk about the laity 
of the clergy rather than the ministry 
of the laity. 

It's taken me 22 years of ordained 
ministry to finally confess the truth: I 
don't have a ministry. All I have is a 
life given me. A life to be lived. What 
else is there? 

Write it on my tombstone. Put it in 
my obituary. I hope I can prove it true 
to some degree between now and then. 

Jim Lewis: He lived. • 

The Rev. Jim Lewis is director of Chris- 
tian Social Ministries for the diocese. 

The Communicant 

Bishops letter 

Dear Friends, 

By the time you read this we will 
have had at least four visiting bishops 
in our diocese for one thing or another: 
Presiding Bishop Edmond Browning, 
Bishop John Spong of Newark (a Char- 
lotte native), Bishop John MacNaughton 
of West Texas and Bishop William Beck- 
ham of Upper South Carolina. This 
happy influx, plus preparation for the 
Lambeth Conference, recalled a quote 
Archbishop Runcie attributed to the 
late Cardinal Fulton Sheen when he 
was being questioned by journalists 
about the supposed split in Vatican II 
between conservative and liberal bish- 
ops. "We cannot speak of conservatives 
and liberals," he said. "These are polit- 
ical terms. In Biblical terms there are 
two kinds of bishops— shepherds and 
fishermen. Shepherds care for the uni- 
ty of the flock; fishermen launch out 
adventurously into the deep. We need 

I am reading Eric James' new book, 
A Life of Bishop John A.T. Robinson. It 

recalls the publication of the late Bish- 
op Robinson's Honest to God, which 
caused such excitement and controver- 
sy in 1963. Dr. Robinson wrote it in 
an effort to help those who were "on 
the fringe of the Faith or outside it." 
Yet, he wrote, "I affirm in my book as 
strongly as I can the utterly personal 
character of God as the source and 
ground and goal of the entire universe. 
I wholly accept the doctrine of God 
revealed in the New Testament and 
enshrined in the Creeds." What he did 
set out to do was to express the doc- 
trine in ways that made it real for those 
who have trouble with certain images 
and categories. And I believe he did 
that. He was one of the "fishermen." 

We need to approach our task at 
Lambeth with the same spirit as that 
of John Robinson. Archbishop Runcie 
has reported that, "Someone said. . .that 
the British are hoping for documents, 
the Americans for an experience and 
the Third World for assistance either 
in their poverty or their struggles." Still, 
he agrees that "There is an over-riding 

need for a way of expressing the Chris- 
tian faith to a largely secularized world.' 
I agree with him that [we] "Anglicans 

have a vocation to steer a way between 
vacuous liberalism and strident fun- 
damentalism which can again capture 
minds and hearts." In that sense we 
will be "shepherds" as well as 

When you are ordained a bishop, 
you are reminded that, "You are called 
to guard the faith, unity, and discipline 
of the Church", and that, "With your 
fellow bishops you will share in the 
leadership of the Church throughout 
the world. Your heritage is the faith of 
patriarchs, prophets, apostles, and 
martyrs, and those of every generation 
who have looked to God in hope." 

From the sixteenth of July through 
August seventh, Bishop Vest and I will 
"share in the leadership of the Church 
throughout the world." Keep us in 
your thoughts and prayers as we will 

Robert W. Estill 

Suffragan Bishop's letter 

Dear Friends in Christ, 

A question that is frequently asked 
is, "Who speaks for the Episcopal 
Church?" The answer is that the only 
body which can speak officially for 
the church is its General Convention. 

The first General Convention of the 
Episcopal Church met in Philadelphia 
in 1785. Since that time, the General 
Convention has met 68 times. This 
July 2-11, the 69th General Conven- 
tion will assemble, meet, worship, pray 
and deliberate in Detroit. 

The General Convention is compos- 
ed of two houses, which ordinarily 
meet in separate sessions but occa- 
sionally come together for a joint ses- 
sion. The House of Deputies is presid- 
ed over by the Very Rev. David B. 
Collins, elected president of that house 
at the last General Convention. The 
House of Deputies is composed of cler- 
ical and lay representatives, with four 
clergy and four lay delegates elected 
as deputies from each diocese in the 
church. Currently the House of Depu- 
ties has more than 900 deputies. The 
lay deputies from our diocese are: 
Mr. Joseph B. Cheshire Jr., Mrs. Scott 

Evans, Mrs. Anne Tomlinson and Mrs. 
Jane House. The clerical deputies 
are the Rev. Messrs. Hunt Williams, 
Dudley Colhoun, Neff Powell and Bob 
Sessum. These eight deputies were 
elected at our 1987 Diocesan Conven- 

The House of Bishops is composed 
of all of the bishops of the church 

and is presided over by the Most Rev. 
Edmond L. Browning, our Presiding 
Bishop. Bishop Estill and I, of course, 
will be in attendance. 

The General Convention is a re- 
markable assembly. This convention 
in Detroit will be the eighth in which 
I have been privileged to participate. 
We will be meeting, on your behalf 
and on behalf of the whole church, in 
order to attempt to discern God's will 
and direction for that portion of the 
Body of Christ which we know as the 
Episcopal Church in the United States 
of America. We will struggle, as do 
diocesan conventions and parish ves- 
tries, to sort out the will of God for 
us in a variety of crucial areas. We 
will be looking at a fairly thorough re- 
vision of the Title III canons dealing 
with ministry. I am sure we will spend 
a fair amount of time discussing the 
possibility of the ordination of women 
to the episcopate. We will be laying 
some groundwork for the Lambeth 
Conference, which follows immedi- 
ately after General Convention. We 
will be looking at major issues of the 
church's position relative to areas of 
human sexuality and sexual behavior. 

We will attempt to be responsible 
stewards of a national budget. We will 
be looking at resolutions which will 
range from Nicaragua to South Africa 
to medical ethics to strategies for evan- 
gelism and mission development. 

Please feel free to record your con- 
cerns and insights with any of the 10 
of us who will be representing you 
from the Diocese of North Carolina. 
And, most importantly, please keep 
all of us and the General Convention 
in your prayers as the July convention 
date approaches. In fact, I urge you to 
use the prayer on page 816 of The 
Book of Common Prayer. 

Gracious Father, we pray for thy holy 
Catholic Church. Fill it with all truth, in 
all truth with all peace. Where it is cor- 
rupt, purify it; where it is in error, direct 
it; where in any thing it is amiss, reform 
it. Where it is right, strengthen it; where 
it is in want, provide for it; where it is 
divided, reunite it; for the sake of Jesus 
Christ thy Son our Savior. Amen. 

Frank H. Vest Jr. 

Say It In Pictures! 

A Diocesan Video Workshop 

May 7, 1988 - Conference Center Browns Summit 

Sponsored by The Communications Commission 

Send $20 check— for all fees and lunch— payable to Communications Commission/Episcopal 

Diocese of N.C. to: Wanda Johnson, P.O. Box 17025, Raleigh, NC 27619; 919-787-6313. 

Name \ 



Spirituality and Sexuality 

A Diocesan Conference 

April 16 1988, 9:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. 

St. Francis' Episcopal Church, 3506 Lawndale Drive, Greensboro, North Carolina 

Registration and conference fee is $20.00 per person, payable to: 

Ann Thompson, 1123 Yorkshire, Cary, North Carolina 27511, 919-467-7248 


April 1988 


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Vol. 79, No. 4 

The Newspaper of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 

May /June 1988 

ACTS is over $5 million mark 

By John Justice 

There is much good news about the 
diocese's ACTS campaign— A Celebra- 
tion Through Stewardship. 

To begin with, the latest official tally 
shows that $5,004,455 has been raised 
in cash, pledges and vestry commit- 
ments. That figure represents 75.3% of 
the campaign's total goal of $6,645,000. 

The $5-million figure was reported 
at the last meeting of diocesan cam- 
paign leaders with consultants from 
Ward, Dreshman and Reinhardt, who 
closed their ACTS office in Raleigh on 
April 8. 

Since then, campaign contributions 
and other reporting are being handled 
in the Diocesan House in Raleigh by 
Business Administrator Letty J. Magdanz. 
Magdanz, serving as ACTS treasurer, 
estimates that subsequent gifts and 
pledges have pushed the total to about 

The further good news is that results 
to date have enabled work to begin on 
new youth facilities at the Conference 
Center at Browns Summit. 

The Conference Center will receive 
$2.9 million from ACTS. Other recipi- 
ents of funds generated will be outreach 
work in the diocese and elsewhere ($2 
million) and new and developing con- 
gregations ($1.5 million). 

And, says Bishop Robert. Estill, the 
ACTS campaign is being carried out 
with widespread participation of the 
diocese. He says that people are mak- 
ing their donations "as an offering, 
rather than an assessment." 

The bishop is of two minds about the 
ACTS results so far. 

"I want to say we're ecstatic about 
what's been done— and we are— but 
we also need to be mindful that much 
lies ahead. We're committed to anoth- 
er two or three years until final comple- 
tion of this effort," Estill said. 

Since the departure of the consul- 

tants, the campaign is in the hands of 
a diocesan executive committee head- 
ed by Alfred Purrington III of Christ 
Church, Raleigh. 

Bishop Estill pointed out that much 
work remains to be done by lay and 
clerical ACTS volunteers in the 25 
target areas into which the diocese has 
been divided for the campaign. A num- 
ber of parishes have deferred their cam- 

not to be moved by the efforts at places 
ranging from little St. Anna's, Littleton, 
where every member pledged, right up 
to larger ones like St. Mary's, High Point, 
where the congregation jumped right 
in and put the church over their goal. 
"I am struck by this and impressed. 
To me, the broad and enthusiastic con- 
tributions to ACTS thus far seem to be 
exactly the quality of participation we'd 

Our Diocesan Prayer for 
A Celebration Through Stewardship 

Almighty God, You have created us as men and 

women in Your own image. 

You have cared for us as a mother tor her young and 

You have given us the gift of Your Son, Jesus Christ 

and empowered us by Your Holy Spirit. 

Continue to guide us in this Diocese as we celebrate 

our faith through Stewardship. Strengthen us in 

our worship, enlighten us in our understanding 

and direct us as we reach out in service to others. 

Help us to see that in giving we receive and that 

in Your service there is perfect freedom, 

through Jesus Christ our Lord. 

- Composed by Bishop Robert Estill 

paigns. For example, St. John's, Char- 
lotte, and St. Paul's, Winston-Salem, 
each with more than 2400 members, 
will be doing their campaigns later. 
Campaign volunteers are at work con- 
tacting individuals, and ACTS hopes to 
receive some additional money from 

Bishop Estill emphasizes the impor- 
tance of follovving through to reach the 
final goal. He and Suffragan Bishop 
Frank Vest took to the road April 12-14 
to deliver that message to the diocese's 
convocations. However, the bishop says 
that "if every congregation that has not 
finished its campaign, does what it has 
said it would do, we will reach the 

He said, "I shouldn't mention any 
specific instances, because we have so 
many examples of what I would call 
heroically faithful efforts. But it's hard 

hoped for in this stewardship effort. 
We want every member of the diocese 
to have a chance to share, and we want 
everyone to come out of this experience 
feeling good about themselves and our 
ministry together." 

As directed by the 1988 Diocesan 
Convention, the Conference Center 
began to use ACTS funds— except 
those specifically designated for other 
purposes— as soon as campaign costs 
were paid. Once $2.9 million has been 
used for work at the Conference Cen- 
ter, funds will begin flowing to out- 
reach and congregational development. 

The new facilities— described by 
Bishop Estill as "creative and quite 
dramatic"— will be designed by the 
Cooper-Ledcky firm, of Washington, 
D.C. Construction will be by McDevitt 
& Street, a Charlotte firm. The firm's 
project representative will be Emmett 

Sebrell, a member of Christ Church, 
Charlotte, and a member of the ACTS 
executive committee. 

Bob Darst, of Holy Trinity, Greens- 
boro, chair of the building committee 
of the Conference Center, will present 
construction plans to the Diocesan Coun- 
cil at its June 20 meeting. Darst thinks 
that if schedules hold, ground can be 
broken this fall for the new youth fa- 

Those facilities include youth cabins; 
a youth meeting building that can be 
assembled into sub-areas for flexibility 
and that provides platforms for sleep- 
ing bags around a fireplace pit; an adult 
meeting building that can be expanded 
with "breakout rooms:" and an expand- 
ed center meeting building. The youth 
dorms have been planned so that they 
conform to the rolling topography of 
the Browns Summit terrain; tailoring 
the dorms thusly eliminatied the need 
to excavate dirt and preserved most of 
the trees. 

Members of the building committee 
which Darst chairs are: Rose Flannagan, 
Holy Innocents, Henderson; the Rev. 
Fred Warnecke, St. Francis', Greens- 
boro; Larry Tomlinson, Christ Church, 
Charlotte; Dick Hord, director of the 
Conference Center; the Rev. Vic Mans- 
field, Holy Trinity, Greensboro; and 
Bishop Estill. 

Treasurer Letty Magdanz said: "I 
want to encourage anyone with ques- 
tions about how to pledge— or any 
other questions about ACTS— to get in 
touch with me. Our goal has been to- 
tal involvement, and I'd hate to think 
that we've missed anyone who would 
like to share in the ACTS campaign." 

For any questions about the ACTS 
campaign, please contact: 

Letty J. Magdanz 

ACTS Treasurer 

Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 

P.O. Box 17025 

Raleigh, NC 27619-7205 

919-787-6313 • 

Leadership session is offered 

Registrations are now being taken for 
the forthcoming conference, "Leader- 
ship in Action." 

Some high-powered speakers will be 
on hand Sept. 23-25 for the event at 
the Conference Center at Browns Sum- 

—Ann Smith, coordinator for Women 
in Mission and Ministry for the nation- 

al Episcopal Church. 

— Pam Chinnis, vice president of the 
House of Deputies at General Conven- 
tion, the highest position held in the 
church by a iaywoman. 

—The Rev. Betty Bone Schiess, one 
of the original group of women ordain- 
ed to the priesthood in the Episcopal 

— Kathy Tyler-Scott, a consultant/ 
trainer for human resource develop- 

Conference fee will be $55 for com- 
muters and $100 for those lodging at 
the Conference Center. Information on 
scholarship money can be gotten from 
Shara Partin, 106 Black Oak Place, 
Chapel Hill, NC 27514. 

To register or get other information 
on "Leadership in Action," contact: 
Lynn Patterson, 102 Maegeo Dr., Lex- 
ington, NC 27292. 

The registration deadline is Septem- 
ber 6. 

The conference is sponsored by the 
Episcopal Churchwomen and the Com- 
mission on Women's Issues. • 

'■ •j^l^llllllllllZ^glll^^^lVl^^^ ■'I--.V."'.- ■ ■ V M^». r>» r . JW .v A v < v M ^ VtlV>iVvvn . > . t ., VOA ^ >v ,, t Vt , 

Around the diocese 

Scholarships are available 
for women 35 and older 

The Diocese's Commission on Wom- 
en's Issues is receiving applications for 
Lex Mathews Scholarships. The awards 
will be given to help mature women— 
35 and older— get the education and 
training they need for career advance- 

Applicants should be enrolled or ac- 
cepted in an institution at which they 
are: getting specialized vocational or 
technical training, pursuing a degree or 
certification below the doctorate level 
or taking continuing education courses 
to upgrade job skills. 

To get an application form, write: 

Lex Mathews Scholarship Fund 

The Office of Christian Social Minis- 

Diocesan House 

P.O. Box 17025 

Raleigh, NC 27619-7025 

I used to be okay 

Prize for the catchiest title goes to 
Christ Church, Raleigh. Rector Dan 
Sapp's church was sponsoring a couple 
of EYC beach weekends. Parents of 
school-age children will empathize with 
the subject being studied by the youth: 
cliques and how to deal with them. 
The title summed it up: "We're okay 
and you're not." 

Popular, healing is adopted 

All Saints', Concord, recently held a 
parish conference on healing services. 
There was so much interest in the Rev. 
Bob Sessum's congregation that a regu- 
lar healing service has been adopted. 
As of April, the laying on of hands and 
anointing for healing has been done 
after the 8 a.m. service at All Saints'. 

9:15 service is refreshing 

Irene Nashold recently wrote to her 
church bulletin at St. Philip's, Durham, 
about her experience taking her three- 
year-old grandchild to the 9:15 a.m. 
service. She wrote: 

"It was exactly right for Emily. There 
were other children, some laughing, 
some talking, some crying, but all in 
control. The standing Communion was 
so touching, with parents and children 
standing together closely. The whole 
service did not lack one thing from the 
late service .... It seems proper 
somehow to be in church with all ages 
and I find myself attending this service 
often even without my grandchild. I 
assure you, you will not be disappointed 
but perhaps a little refreshed." 

Plastics kaput at parish 

St. Mark's, Raleigh, is thinking broad- 
ly about stewardship. The parish has 
adopted a policy against using styro- 
foam and other plastic products that 
release chemicals damaging the ozone 
layer. "While we recognize there will 
be increased cost in the short term," the 
policy says, "we believe that this action 
is justified in light of long term bene- 
fits. As we are all stewards of God's be- 
loved creation, our fragile environment, 
we further urge members of the vestry 
and all parishioners to be mindful in 
making everyday purchases of the pro- 
duct's long term impact on the environ- 

The first days begin 

A firsthand report from John C. Bol- 
ing Jr. on the first services in St. Marga- 
ret's, Charlotte's, new church building: 

"The first service was one of foot- 
washing, symbolizing Jesus's directive 

Lee Tate with lily at St. Margaret's opening 

for his followers to be servers of 
others. The Rev. Tony Ferguson, vicar, 
used that theme to urge the congrega- 
tion to remember that the beautiful, 
new, modern building was not the 
church of Jesus Christ— they were. And 
he directed them to live out their lives 
so others would see Jesus dwelling in 
them, calling to those outside the Body 
to give their lives to Him, accepting 
that abundant life He offers. 

"... On Easter Sunday, the service 
was packed. Children sat on the floor. 

Pilgrimage for Peace walkers pass Chatham County Courthouse during Holy Week march. 

All seats were taken. People stood 
along the walls and looked in from the 
kitchen, waiting to celebrate 'the Lord's 
Supper.' Tony commented, 'What a 
great surprise!' 

"And he, and they, looked to the fu- 
ture while they remembered the past. 
St. Margaret's began with the gather- 
ing of a tiny congregation on May 8, 
1983. For 18 months, various area cler- 
gy served the congregation's needs. 
They chose St. Margaret of Scotland as 
their patron. Then God called the Rev. 
Anthony D.N. (Tony) Ferguson from 
Seaford, England, to be their shepherd. 
For four years they met at 1 p.m. in 
Living Savior Lutheran Church while 
they experienced slow, steady growth, 
until now: the first days of the rest of 
St. Margaret's ministry in this place." 

But how loud? 

"If anyone asks me to give another 
penny this scream, I'll scream." A 
familiar phrase. However, Bob Pierce, 
rector of St. Paul's, Smithfield, has 
some reasons why he thinks the chal- 
lenge to give "goes straight to the heart 
and pulse of Christian living." Writing 
in his church newsletter, Pierce says 
that "the most important thing about 
being asked to give, give and give more 
is that it forces the individual to face 
up to what his or her priorities really 
are. That can be a confrontive experi- 
ence. It can also lead to growth." 
Pierce adds that frequent requests to 

The Communicant 

give force us to learn to say no. "Say- 
ing no is often difficult," he says, "but 
when your priorities have been proper- 
ly challenged, it gets easier and easier." 

He adds that ". . .there is the ancient 
truth we need to hear and hear again: 
We are the greatest benefactors in what 
we do for others. As the Bible puts it, 
when we serve others, we are 'lending 
unto God' and He will repay us seven- 

(St. Paul's takes its giving seriously: 
It recently helped hold a benefit ball 
that raised $5,005 for Hospice of John- 
ston County.) 

Parish color-codes potluck 

Large parishes, and not-so-large ones 
that are growing, are familiar with the 
problem which Good Shepherd, Rocky 
Mount, faced: how to help members 
get to know one another. The parish 
life committee at rector Charlie Penick's 
church came up with the idea of a color- 
ful potluck: tables color-coded by city 
neighborhoods, with at least two neigh- 
borhoods seated at each table. 

Visitors go beyond building 

Each of us pledges in our Baptismal 
vows to "share with us in [Christ's] 
eternal priesthood." Few of us are or- 
dained priests; all of us are ministers. 
Remembering this, St. Paul's, Winston- 
Salem has begun its second year of 
training parish visitors. The parish's 
committee on ministry of older adults 
trains lay persons to visit St. Paul's peo- 
ple who no longer can take full part in 
activities at the church building. The 
Rev. Dudley Colhoun is rector of St. 


St. Thomas', Reidsville, honors parish- 
ioners of the month, and sometimes 
just reading the citations can be breath- 
taking. For example, Bill and Gene Stock- 
dale were recently honored. Bill was 
seen, said an article in rector Verdery 

Kerr's bulletin, fliping pancakes, toting 
poinsettias, building bulletin boards, 
hanging pictures and visiting the sick 
and those in trouble. Both Bill and Gene 
were there "when the heat is on," and 
l .heir service is "the stuff that churches 
are made of," the article said. 

Parish inquires about AIDS 

Parishioners at St. John's, Charlotte, 
recently received a questionnaire on 
AIDS as part of their parish newslet- 
ter. Prepared by the parish's AIDS 
Committee, the questionnaire asked 
for information on people's attitudes, 
information and behavior regarding 
the disease. Among the questions were: 
Are you afraid of AIDS personally or 
for your loved ones? Do you think you 
know enough about AIDS? Have you 

adjusted your lifestyle in any way be- 
cause of AIDS? The committee plans 
to evaluate the results and issue a re- 

Diocese represented at 
Sewanee; Williamson chosen 

Bishop Robert Estill, the Rev. Paul 
Martin, Edward McCrady HI and 
George A. Atkins represented the Dio- 
cese of North Carolina at the University 
of the South's annual trustees' meeting 
May 5-6 in Sewanee. 

(The Rev. Bill Brettmann, chaplain 
at North Carolina State University, also 
serves on the board of trustees as an 
alumni trustee.) 

Twenty-six bishops and other trustees 
representing all 28 owning dioceses of 
the university were on hand to elect 

THE REV. JANE BRUCE preached on Episcopal Church women Day, April 17, at the Church 
of the Epiphany in Rocky Mount Bruce Is shown with Dwight Johnson, lay reader in 
charge of the 109-member mission. Bruce, an assistant at Good Shepherd, Rocky Mount, 
preached to a nearly full church on women, Jesus and the Bible. Johnson has spent about 
seven years tending to Epiphany and will be suceeded around the first of the year by the 
Rev. Christopher Gray. 

a new university vice-chancellor and 
president and to honor and hear an ad- 
dress by the Most Rev. Desmond Tutu. 

The new vice-chancellor and presi- 
dent is Samuel Williamson, provost and 
chief academic officer of the Univer- 
sity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 
Williamson is a member of Holy Fami- 
ly, Chapel Hill. 

The university awarded Bishop Tutu, 
Archbishop of Capetown and leader in 
the South African struggle against 
apartheid, an honorary doctor of divin- 
ity degree. 

Suddenly I was hungry 

Luke Boyd of St. Andrew's, Charlotte, 
describes an experience at the altar: 

"On Maundy Thursday I acolyted. It 
was my first experience with stripping 
the altar. It was a neat but strange 
feeling. As I took the robes and altar 
pieces away, it felt like God handing 
me his belongings and pieces of his 
body. I got colder and colder as the altar 
became bare. I felt very alone when 
the lights were turned out. And sudden- 
ly I was hungry." 

(From the parish newsletter, The 

Farmworkers need attorneys 

A notice from Amy Trester of the 
Episcopal Farmworker Ministry: 

"The Episcopal Farmworker Ministry 
is in need of volunteer attorneys to 
represent 1986 IRCA legalization farm- 
worker applicants in the appeals pro- 
cess before the Immigration and Natu- 
ralization Service. No immigration ex- 
perience required. We would be grate- 
ful for anything you can do." 

If you can help, please contact Amy 
Trester, Episcopal Farmworker Minis- 
try, P.O. Box 1514, Dunn, NC 28334. 

See you in September 

This is the last issue of The Communi- 
cant until September. Deadline for ma- 
terial for the next issue is August 1. 


June 12-17, Kanuga Conference 
Center, Hendersonville: Conference for 
Adults Who Work with Youth. For edu- 
cators, church school leaders and youth 
group directors. For information: Mary Jo 
Padgett, 704-692-9136. 

June 17-18, Conference Center, 
Browns Summit: HOPE Christian Edu- 
cation Conference. With Robert Giannini, 

dean of the School of Theology, Universi- 
ty of the South, Sewanee, Tenn. Contact: 
Mary Mainwaring, 919-846-7477. 

June 27-30, Conference Center, 
Browns Summit: "Kids Helping Kids." 
Four-day opportunity for diocesan teenag- 
ers to create a camp experience for handi- 
capped kids. Contact: Frances Payne, 

July 18-21, Conference Center, Browns 
Summit and Urban Ministry Shelters, 
Greensboro: "Urban Plunge." Diocesan 
Youth Commission's project to expose the 
church's young people to problems of the 
homeless and to empower youth as minis- 
ters. Contact: Fances Payne, 919-274-4279. 

July 24, St. Mary's House, Greensboro: 

Meeting of Triad Integrity Chapter. 4 p.m. 

Holy Communion, speaker, social time. 930 
Walker Ave., Greensboro; 919-334-5219. 

September 13-16, Kanuga Conference 
Center, Hendersonville: "Religious 
Hopes and Political Realities. " Conference 
on Christianity and the Soviet Union. $195. 
Contact: Clark Plexico, Kanuga Confer- 
ence Center, Postal Drawer 250, Hender- 
sonville, NC 28793; 704-692-9136. 

May/June 1988 

A church building defines us 

By John Justice 

"It included everything from the most 
mundane to the most ethereal. It was 
the most exciting experience of my life 
. . . and I wouldn't want to do it 

Rector Wilson Carter is smiling now 
that his congregation at Grace Church, 
Lexington, is worshiping in its new 
building. But the 280-member congre- 
gation went through a rollercoaster ride 
before the $1.1 million building opened 
its doors. 

Likewise, the man who designed the 
building— architect John Ramsay— had 
a hard act to follow. Grace's old build- 
ing, nestled beside Ramsay's taller new 
one, was designed by famed church 
architect Richard Upjohn. 

But everything's working out well. 
The people of Grace Church have been 
worshiping in the new building since 
September, 1987. And while no one 
structure can satisfy every member of 
a congregation, the consensus is that 
Ramsay's building is doing the job it was 
intended to do. 

For one thing, the new building is 
allowing Grace room for new members. 

"We filled the old place up about 10 
years ago," Carter said, "and we're 
growing now." (The old building seats 
about 100 and the new one about 250.) 

Growth isn't strictly a bricks-and- 
mortar question, Carter says. 

"If a congregation doesn't keep itself 
open to the possibility of growth, then 
its reason for being is pretty much shot." 
He thinks that tending to the current 
flock and attracting new members is a 
"both/and thing. If you close off the no- 
tion of telling the good news to new 
people, your ongoing nurturing of the 
existing congregation will suffer," Carter 

The architect began talks with Grace's 
long-range planning committee in 1978. 
When Ramsay sat down, the church 
people gave him numerous stipulations 
about the new building. Among them 

—The new building must blend in 
with the Upjohn building. 

—The new building must have a free- 
standing altar. 

—In Carter's words, the new building 
must "symbolize and sacramentalize the 
importance we place on building a com- 

In deciding on these (and many other) 
things, Grace's planners were doing 
what Ramsay recommends as the first 
step in building a new church building: 
Define who you are as a church. This 
definition includes such things as tradi- 
tions, theology, liturgy, outreach, music 
and education. 

Ramsay met with the Grace people 
and then went away and eventually 
came back with some drawings. Some 
of it suited the planners, some didn't. 

Interior of new Grace Church, Lexington 

Carter said, "One set had some sort 
of flying buttresses that ended up in the 
ground, and everybody said, 'Yuck!'" 

The back-and-forth process went on 
and in the end produced a building that 
Grace's people think does two things: 
gives the congregation room for more 
people, while harmonizing with and 
honoring the adjacent buiding that had 
served the church since 1901. 

The brick used for the new building 
doesn't exactly match the old brick, but 
it harmonizes with it. Inside, the wor- 
ship space is larger in terms of square 
feet, but feels quite comfortable. Carter 
points out that the distance from the 
altar to the back of the nave is shorter 
than in the old building. This gives the 
room a good feel. The altar is, as the 
planners prescribed, freestanding; in 
the old building the priest faced away 
from the people. 

Light streams in through two colored 
windows— not stained glass, but faceted 
glass: colorful windows composed of 
layers of epoxy, sand and glass. The 
organ pipes rise up behind the altar, 
giving a reeling of "lift." (One of the live- 
liest planning debates was over whether 
to expose the organ pipes.) From the 
old building, the baptismal font and 
"bishop's chair" have been brought. Win- 
dows were designed to be low— at eye 

level— to "humanize" their placement. 

Growth, of course, was the reason 
to build the new building. However, 
Carter stresses that growth in itself 
isn't the main thing. 

"I want to be clear that it's openness 
to growth, not necessarily the fact of 
numerical growth, that we're striving 

Architect Ramsay has some general 
thoughts on building church buildings. 
He says it's understandable that we 
connect a church building with the 
idea of what a church "should look 
like." And he says: 

"We grew up believing that a 
church should automatically have cer- 
tain things— a sacristy, pews, altar, 
choir and so on. But we were never 
asked to understand why those spaces 
and things appeared. Or to ask on a 
more complicated level: Why do they 
appear where they are? What is the 
relationship to other spaces? Why do 
some churches appear ornate, and 
some quite simple? Is our ability to 
find God always defined in terms of 
pews that face a certain way, a con- 
cert organ or a wooden rail for Com- 

Ramsay is currently designing the 
building for the new Church of the 
Nativity in Raleigh. He suggests there 

are six basic considerations in buildin;: 
a church: 

1. Define who you are as a church. 

2. Search for a vision. Where are 
you going? 

3. Evaluate needs and prioritize them. 

4. Establish a budget that's challeng- 
ing, yet realistic. 

5. Explore fund-raising capabilities. 

6. Select an architect, keeeping in 
mind such considerations as: commu- 
nication skills, previous church experi- 
ence, creativity, flexibility, acoustical 
knowledge, interior design skills and 

After that, the task is to work with 
the architect on a design that will, in 
Ramsay's words, "reflect your church's 
own faith and personality." • 

John Justice is editor of The Communi- 

THE HIGHEST HONOR that can be awarded 
a building has been given to Christ Church 
in downtown Raleigh. The 148-year-old 
church has been named a National Historic 
Landmark. Only 1830 buildings across the 
country have been given the honor since 
the U.S. Department of Interior began the 
landmark program in 1935. 

The Gothic Revival building was designed 
by famed church architect Richard Upjohn 
of New York City. Five other Upjohn church- 
es were selected as national landmarks 
this year. 

Rector Dan Sapp called the honor "grati- 
fying" and said: "The fact that successive 
generations of our congregation have pre- 
served and enhanced their church is wit- 
ness to their sense of stewardship. As the 
rector of Christ Church, however, I must 
add that I am even more gratified that after 
167 years Christ Church continues to serve 
as an active parish in our community and 

The Communicant 

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Everything always comes home 

By Jim Lewis 

The phone exploded next to Judy's 

The clock read 12:30 a.m., and we 
were jolted out of those beautiful early 
hours of sleep. Those hours when we 
sleep the deepest sleep. 

Awake, I was cast into a nightmare. 

The year was 1971 and on the other 
end of the phone was a woman in 

She and I had counseled together 
over her marital problems. She was an 
alcoholic and her husband was using 
drugs. He had just recently returned 
from a tour of duty in Vietnam. 

Her voice was full of desperation as 
she told me that she and her husband 
were having a terrible argument. Her 
voice was full of alcohol as well, and 
so I told her that I couldn't talk with 
her until she was sober. My advice: 
Get sober and call me in the morning. 
My feeling: Let me get my sleep, 

A half-hour later, the phone rang 
again. More desperation. Her husband 
was threatening suicide and the police 
were there. "Please con e!" she scream- 

They lived out toward the mountain 
in a trailer, and when I got about three 
miles from the house, I saw the police 
car coming toward me. 

I stopped in the road. He stopped. 
He informed me that the man had 
kicked him out. Since no crime had 
been committed, he had no cause to 
stay. "But it's crazy in there, preacher," 
he said. 

And crazy it was. When I walked 
up to the front door of the trailer, I 
heard the woman screaming. Walking 
into the living room, I saw blood on 
the floor and furniture. 

In the bathroom, where I found 
them both, the walls of the tub were 
covered with blood. Like something 
out of a cheap movie, there she was, 
standing in the tub with him, holding 
both his arms up against the shower- 
head. In one hand he held a razor blade. 
His other arm, from the waist up to 
his shoulder, was covered with as 
many as 50 slash marks. 

As I grabbed him, I looked into his 
eyes and reminded him of who I was— 
that I was his friend, that I was here to 
help. "Please, let me help." 

He looked back into my eyes, but 
he wasn't home. He was vacant. Just 
not there. "The gooks are coming!" he 
screamed, "The gooks are coming! I've 
got to kill the gooks!" 

What happened, happened fast. We 
ended up on the floor of the hall. Me 
on top of him. The razor blade back in 
the bathroom. For almost an hour, I 
held him down with the full weight of 
my body while I instructed his wife, 
in her drunkenness, to call Judy, then 

a local doctor friend to get the rescue 
squad to come. 

The next day, looking at my mustard- 
colored, now blood-stained jacket, I 
knew my friend was in the local Vet- 
erans Administration hospital, and that 
the war in Vietnam had finally come 
home to me and that small West Vir- 
ginia town. 

All the issues finally come home. 
They come home in the form of per- 
sonal, very human events. We discover 
a gay friend or family member. Homo- 
sexuality comes home. We see a man 
lie on the street. Homelessness comes 
home. We have a neighbor arrested for 
rape or child abuse. Criminal justice 
issues come home. We have a woman 
friend who is beaten by her man. Femi- 
nist issues come home. 

In Washington, on a past weekend, 
talking with my dr ghter Kathy, I 
had the feeling tha the war in Cen- 
tral America had come home to her 
as much as Vietnam pressed in on 

Kathy had visited Nicaragua as part 
of her work with Quest for Peace, a 
project with which many in our dio- 
cese have worked. During her stay 
there, she traveled to Nueva Guinea in 
the southern part of the country. It is 
an area of contra activity, and it re- 
quired permission and protection to go 

Somewhere near that village, their 
vehicle was stopped. The contras had 
struck and left people wounded and 
dead. Through her very own eyes, not 
through the lens of CBS or the report- 
ing of The New York Times, she saw the 
war. It came home to her. 

A woman, maybe 70 or 75, was be- 
ing carried from the battle. Her left 
arm was blown apart by a round of 
ammunition. She bled heavily. Within 
minutes the travelers were no longer 
observers. They were actively involved, 
helping the woman get to a medical 

At the facility, Kathy was able to 
see— actually being put to work— the 
medical supplies that had been shipped 
by the Quest for Peace effort that she, 
and we in this diocese, had been a 
part of. 

Bandaged, the woman was photo- 
graphed. I saw that photo and have re- 
quested a copy. It will come home to 
my office wall as a reminder that the 
war in Nicaragua ultimately comes 
home to us all. The war is financed by 
us. The ammunition is provided with 
our lax dollars. The bandages as well 
are there because of the effort of peo- 
ple in our diocese and state. People like 
my own daughter. 

Strange, but true— the problems al- 
ways come home. And so do the solu- 
tions. • 

The Rev. Jim Lewis is director of Chris- 
tian Social Ministries for the diocese. 

May/June 1988 


Spong fires up the ECW meeting 

By Judy Lane 

It is going to happen. Like it or not, 
men and women are going to walk 
side by side as equals in the church. 

This message came through loud 
and clear at the 106th annual meeting 
of the Episcopal Churchwomen of the 
Diocese of North Carolina. The meet- 
ing was held April 19-20 at St. John's, 
Charlotte. And although there were 
delegates who did not like hearing it, 
the message brought to the meeting a 
sense of celebration for new possibili- 

The stars of the show were the 
bishops. The meeting was brimming 
over with bishops: the Most Rev. Ed- 
mond L. Browning, Presiding Bishop 
of the Episcopal Church; the Rt. Rev. 
John S. Spong, Bishop of Newark; the 
Rt. Rev. Robert W. Estill, Bishop of 
North Carolina; and the Rt. Rev. Frank 
H. Vest Jr., Suffragan Bishop of North 
Carolina. Each bishop, in his own way, 
affirmed his support of a partnership 
of women and men in the church. 

At the convention dinner, Presiding 
Bishop Browning spoke of this vision: 
"1 sincerely hope this church will be a 
great deal more inclusive and a great 
deal more compassionate. We are a 
family: We are the people of God 
where there are no outcasts." 

Speaking of outcasts, Browning said 
that "there are many more people in 
the life of the Episcopal Church that 
consider themselves outcasts than I 
ever dreamed of— a lot of people who 
find themselves on the edges because 
they feel as though their church has 
been in the process of change for so 
long that they have not been able to 
keep up with that change. Nor has 
there been an effort to help them to 
keep up with that change .... If we 
are pastorally sensitive to one anoth- 
er's needs in terms of what it means to 
be a part of the body of Christ, we 
have to be sensitive to those people 
who feel that way." 

Browning, now in his third year as 
presiding bishop of the church, said 
that "Apathy is the greatest sin that we 
have to face. People who do not care." 

Spong challenges and stirs 

Known as a challenging and contro- 
versial thinker, Bishop John Spong did 
not disappoint. He began by describing 
the history of the change in human sex- 
ual roles and the decline of a morality 
based on a patriarchal mindset. Spong 

"The patriarchal world, unchallenged 
for thousands of years, is fading, as it 
collides with the birth of a new un- 
derstanding of life emerging on every 
side. . . .Interdependence with others, 
not the domination of others, is the 

newly perceived pathway to life. 

"The shift in consciousness away 
from the patriarchal prejudices has de- 
manded a redefinition of God," Spong 

Then Spong, a native of Charlotte, 
described some of the consequences of 
this shift. He predicted "an expansion of 
that gray area of human life— bounded 
by promiscuity on one side and bound- 
ed by the value that sex is appropriate 
only inside monogamous marriage on 
the other side. And it's in this gray area 
of relativity and of uncertainty, of 
varying levels of commitment and vari- 
ous kinds of sexual practices, that you 
and I are going to discover that most 

to live for each other, who support one 
another, and give to that relationship 
the blessing of our recognition?" 

Responsibility amid revolution 

Concluding his talk, Spong said: "I 
believe the time has come for this 
church to look without judgment at 
the problems of premarried young 
adults, postmarried single adults, di- 
vorcing people and homosexual men 
and women— to look at them from the 
point of view removed from the patriar- 
chal patterns of the past, to enter their 
lives and to help those people find a 
path that leads to a life-affirming holi- 

New ECW officers (from left): Bett Hargrave, Grace Church, Lexington, chair, Commission 
on Women's Issues; Shara Partin, Holy Family, Chapel Hill, vice president of ECW and vice 
chair of women's issues; Mitti Landi, Holy Comforter, Burlington, ECW president. 

of our people will be living. And it 
will be in that gray area that the new 
values by which our society will orga- 
nize itself will emerge; what men and 
women are engaged in today is a battle 
to redefine who they are in a new era, 
with new knowledge and a new con- 

"And the call of the church in this 
era is not to abandon values," Spong 
said, "It is to enter that gray area and 
stand beside its people and help values 
to emerge— to be present to its people 
where they're making their decisions." 
Spong touched on one of the major 
controversies associated with him: the 
blessing of homosexual relationships. 
He said: "If homosexuality can be fi- 
nally determined by the scientific com- 
munity, as I think it is in the process 
of doing, as a process that takes place 
in utero over which no one has control 
and for which no one is to blame, 
and . . . that is irrevocable, then what 
can we do as a church to encourage 
values in the gay and lesbian commu- 
nity that we can celebrate and enhance? 
Can we not reach out to committed, 
monogamous, faithful people who com- 
mit themselves to each other, who dare 

ness. Is it too much to think that those 
gifts might come from the church? If 
the church doesn't enter that gray area 
of decision-making, then I suggest to 
you the decisions will be made and 
values formed without any input at all 
from the Christian community ... I 
call the church to stand with its people 
in the gray areas .... Pray God we 
will be responsible in the midst of this 

Here are some of Spong's responses 
to questions from the audience. 

• He defines sin as "not to be what 
God created you to be." 

• The ultimate ethical standard, he 
said, is "to see God as love and to live 
in the fullness of that love." 

• "I don't believe the way we've 
treated women for 2000 years is any- 
thing near the mind of Christ. I'd like 
to challenge traditional morality on that 

• "I don't believe for a moment that 
the Bible is the word of God, if you 
mean by the Bible, the words of scrip- 
ture. I see the words of scripture af- 
firming slavery .... I see the words 
of scripture suggesting that only men 
were created in the image of God and 

not women, and that women are 
second-class citizens, and that women 
can be done all sorts of terrible things 
to, with impunity." And yet, said Spong, 
"I am committed to that Bible . . . and I 
want to take it seriously .... You have 
to search for the word that is beneath 
the words. If you stay on the literal 
level of the words, you're going to be 
in a serious problem." 

Bishop Estill, in a reassuring and 
gently humorous talk, said he thought 
it was great that "we have come to- 
gether and are sharing the real issues of 
life and doing that in open discussion 
and dialogue." The bishop responded to 
some of the points brought up during 
the meeting: 

•He doesn't believe the church is 
ready to bless same-sex or premarital 

• The church is ready for a woman 
bishop— that is a matter or time, not 
debate, Estill said. 

• The church is paying attention to 
inclusiveness in worship and its ap- 
pointments. The bishop invited women 
to let him know how they would like 
to serve in the diocese and in the na- 
tional church. 

• He believes that bishops "do not 
represent the whole church. What we 
say and do and become as a church is 
the business of the whole church, and 
should be affirmed or denied by the 
whole body, in a representative way." 

Bishop Estill disagrees with Bishop 
Spong on the latter's definition of sin: 
"He leaves out the fact that we are sin- 
ners, that human nature is fallen— not 
because of something that keeps us 
from being human, but because we 
simply are not human— that, left to our- 
selves and by ourselves, our humanity 
is fallen. It takes the cross ... a sac- 
rifice of Jesus the Christ in order to ad- 
dress human sin. And then we live as 
redeemed sinners, but even then sin 
pervades and continues . . . and day 
after day we have to face that. The 
good news is that God can and does 
redeem our human nature and bring us 
back to what he intended us to be." 

Although the excitement of the 
meeting centered on the bishops, the 
voices of women presented a forceful 
picture of what can be. 

ECW President June Gregory, who 
planned and executed the remarkable 
meeting, restated the theme, "As I have 
loved you. . .an affirmative vision." Her 
opening prayer was to "teach us to 
serve others and you, not as slaves who 
must, but as lovers whose joy is in ser- 
ving the ones they love." 

Four diocesan women looked at the 
successes and failures of time past. 
They were: Mary Harris, Mary Ellen 
Droppers, the Rev. Janet Watrous and 
the Rev. Julie Clarkson. Looking toward 
the future were diocesan women Mary 
Lou Moore and Scott T. Evans and Ann 

The Communicant 

Smith of the national church. Smith, 
coordinator for Women in Mission and 
Ministry of the Episcopal Church, en- 
larged the vision by speaking of work 
being done around the world to im- 
prove the status of women. 

Business is done 
Eucharist is celebrated 

The agenda's business items were 
tucked in among the more dramatic 
presentation. Among those were: 

•Passage of a $27,100 budget for 1989, 
an increase of $1,100 over the current 

•Donation of a $2300 budget surplus 
to the diocese's ACTS campaign. 

•Installation of new officers: Mittie 
Landi, president; Shara Partin, vice 
president, Anne Fortner, secretary; 
Marian Safriet, treasurer-elect; Gail 
McKenzie, secretary of Christian edu- 
cation; Shirley Sadler, head of Sessions 
on Saturday; Cackie Kelly, secretary of 
promotions; Ann Moag, Conference 
Center altar guild chairperson; Ann Hol- 
leman, Greensboro Convocation chair- 
person; Marcia Bremser, secretary of 
altar work; and Hilda Wilson, Char- 
lotte Convocation chairperson. 

•Announcement of "Leadership in 
Action/' a Sept. 23-25 conference at 
Browns Summit to educate women for 
better servanthood through better lead- 

•Announcement that the first Lex 
Mathews Scholarship— to help women 
over 35 reenter the work force— will 
be awarded this fall. 

For many, the convention's highlight 
was the celebration of the Holy Eucha- 
rist Tuesday evening. From the sounds 
of "Lift High the Cross," sung joyously 
by women and men and accompanied 
by the notes of a trumpet, through the 

At ECW meeting (from left): Edmond Browning, President Bishop of the Episcopal Church; John Spong, Bishop of Newark; Robert Estill, 
Bishop of North Carolina. 

uplifting of the bread and wine by Pre- 
siding Bishop Browning, to the final 
blessing and dismissal, it was the kind 
of service that could send chills up 
and down one's spine. 

Bishop Spong preached at the Eucha- 
rist and took servanthood as his theme. 
He spoke of the power symbols of the 
church, of vestments and vocabularies 
that elevate the clergy to the role of 
rulers. Then he recalled Jesus, the per- 
son who was arrested and abandoned 
and crucified, who said, "I come among 
you as one who serves." 

Spong said: "I think it is time for the 
church to lay aside its pretensions to 
power . . . and to learn in a fresh and 
new way what Jesus was all about." 
He asserted that "When women were 
finally admitted to the priesthood of 
the church, they recognized in an ins- 

tant the essential servant role of minis- 
try .. . and so they have helped the 
male priesthood understand their voca- 
tion again .... And together the min- 
istry of the church began to do what it 
was called to do: feed the people of 
God, heal the sick, wash the babies, 
comfort the hurting, open the doors to 
the outcast, become an inclusive com- 
munity, provide the environment 
where everyone can seek his or her des- 
tiny in the fullness of being, as the child 
of God reflecting the image of the cre- 
ator. Women priests helped the church 
to accept the powerlessness of the 
role of the servant as the pathway to 

He saved his thoughts on women 
bishops for the last and put them into 
one short sentence: 

"This church of ours desperately 

needs as soon as possible to choose a 
woman to be a bishop." 

And it is going to happen. As Bishop 
Browning pointed out, several women 
have already been nominated for bish- 
op, and two women are currently in 
the running for election. But the sense 
of this ECW convention went beyond 
that. The sense of the 106th annual 
meeting of the ECW was that anything 
is possible, that not just a woman but 
women will take their places in the 
House of Bishops. And that perhaps one 
day before long, when prayers are said 
to God the Mother, no one will give it 
a second thought. • 

Judy Lane is a Charlotte writer. She is a 
member of St. John's, Charlotte, and 
serves on the Communications Commis- 
sion of the diocese. 

St* Francis mission succeeds 

"This rare and unusual experience," 
writes Dan Jones, "was comparable to 
a retreat, a renewal conference, a 
youth church camp and Easter rolled 
into four days. A mountain-top experi- 
ence? You bet!" 

Jones was co-chairman of a model 
in mission at St. Francis, Greensboro. 
The mission put eight clergy and seven 
lay people to work for a full week for 
the Rev. Fred Warnecke's congrega- 
tion. The project, Warnecke's idea, was 
called "The St. Francis Mission: Sailing 
Together through Life's Passages." 

The entire parish was involved, with 
a Mission Steering Committee taking 
the leadership role. Committee mem- 
bers studied the congregation's spiritual 

needs and identified themes for the mis- 
sion. Members visited the ECW, EYC, 
vestry, Sunday School classes, study 
groups and dinner groups to explain 
the mission's purpose. 

During the opening session of the 
mission, the St. Francis clergy surren- 
dered their stoles to Suffragan Bishop 
Frank Vest and the other members of 
the mission team, thereby turning the 
parish over to them. 

Activities during the four-day event 

—Holy Eucharist each morning. 

—Daily classes in prayer led by the 
Rev. Nancy Reynolds Pagano and ag- 
ing, led by the Rev. Downs Spiiler. 
Pagano is an assistant at Chapel of the 

Cross, Chapel Hill, and Spitler is rector 
of St. Timothy's, Wilson. 

—Noontime discussions, at various 
sites around Greensboro, of business 
ethics and faith in the work place. Of 
these sessions, Jones writes: "Lay mem- 
bers on the team told how their faith 
sustained them in daily business activi- 
ties and during times of difficulty and 
stress. Their testimony was courageous 
and inspirational." 

—A closing Eucharist at which Bishop 
Vest preached on "The going Forth" and 
Rector Warnecke asked those who had 
been touched by the mission to come 
forward and renew their commitment 
to Christ. 

On the Sunday after the mission, the 

parish gathered and assessed the mis- 
sion's effects. It generated many new 
spiritual journeys, and signs indicated 
that "A new spirituality was emerging, 
along with a new sense of community," 
Jones said. The parish has begun a new 
early-morning Eucharist and breakfast, 
and plans are to begin business lun- 
cheon groups, support groups and dis- 
cussion sessions. 

Warnecke and the other clergy at St. 
Francis— the Revs. William Ortt and 
Robert Cook— will be glad to discuss 
the mission with anyone interested in 
replicating it. They can be reached at: 
St. Francis Episcopal Church, 3506 
Lawndale Dr., Greensboro, NC 27408; 
919-288-4721. • 

May/June 1988 

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Remembering a bishop 

By Martha Alexander 

The Rt. Rev. Keith A. McMillan died in 
Belize City on April 8. Since 1980, he 
had been Bishop of Belize in the Province 
of the West Indies. Martha Alexander, 
chairman of the diocese's Companion Dio- 
cese Commission and member of Christ 
Church, Charlotte, remembered Bishop 
McMillan in an open letter to the Diocese 
of Belize. 

Dear Friends in Christ, 

On behalf of the Diocese of North 
Carolina, I send greetings and peace to 
all who knew our beloved friend, Keith. 

I send my message not only as a 
representative of the diocese, but as a 
personal friend of Bishop McMillan's. 

Five years ago Bishop McMillan 
came to North Carolina to investigate 
and initiate the establishment of a com- 
panion diocese relationship between 

the Diocese of Belize and the Diocese 
of North Carolina. 

From the very beginning, our discus- 
sions included a primary premise of 
Bishop McMillan's, which was to have 
a relationship between the dioceses 
which centers on mutual trust and un- 
derstanding. In all of our relationships, 
mutual trust and understanding has 
been and remains a basic component. 

Bishop McMillan continually repeat- 
ed these words to me and to the Com- 
panion Diocese Commission, and some- 
times the process has seemed long and 
tedious. But he was correct, and at this 
juncture, the relationship between our 
two dioceses has been one truly of 
people to people. 

Adults from both dioceses have had 
opportunities to visit and host each 
other within their homes, churches 
and communities. They have had the 
chance to experience each other's cul- 
ture and to witness God's love togeth- 

er. Youth have also participated in this 

We in North Carolina are indebted 
to Bishop McMillan for his great orga- 
nizational skills and superb administra- 
tive abilities, his ability to receive new 
ideas and willingness to negotiate, and 
his hospitality. He was a very intelligent 
man with high ideals and who manifest- 
ed a very intense spirituality. 

I will remember all that. And, per- 
sonally, I will remember my friend 
with his quick wit, warm humor and 
wonderful laugh. I will remember the 
sharing of the work and planning bet- 
ween our dioceses. But most of all, I 
will remember the late-night conversa- 
tions at his home, where I was taken 
into his confidence, and we shared 
thoughts about the meaning of life, we 
discussed problems, and we spoke of 
the true meaning of relationships. 

Our companion diocese relationship 
between Belize and North Carolina is 

Bishop Keith A. McMillan 

being fulfilled as envisioned by Bishop 

We as a diocese grew to love and 
respect our friend Keith based on our 
mutual trust and understanding. 

Our love pours forth to Cynthia, 
Audrey, Ian, Katherine, Christine and 
to all of his family and friends. 

For a life fully live, "Thanks be to 
God!" • 

Changes coming in parish status 

By Huntington Williams Jr. 

Some changes are forthcoming affecting 
small parishes in the diocese. Starting in 
1990, canons will require— in order that a 
congregation maintain its parish status— 
an average of 100 confirmed adult com- 
municants in good standing over the pre- 
ceding three years. (An exception to the 
enforcement of this canonical requirement 
may be made for congregations that don't 
meet the numerical requirements but 
which can demonstrate to the satisfaction 
of the bishop and the Diocesan Council 
that they have the financial resources to 
maintain a regular place of worship, pay 
a fulltime priest and meet other standards 
set by the canons. Canon 21, section 4.) 
The Rev. Huntington Williams Jr., chair- 
man of the Commission on Constitution 
and Canons, summarizes the changes. 

If you belong to a parish about to be- 
come a mission congregation because 
of its inability to maintain the minimum 
standards requred for parish status, you 
might not feel hurt or angry— but it is 
likely that you will be apprehensive 
and possibly confused. The diocese's 
Commission on Constitution and Can- 
ons offers the following details of the 
actual implications for such a change 
in order to alleviate any unnecessary 
fears or insecurities. 

1. Despite the category change, the 
congregation remains a vital unit of the 
diocese with an unchanged member- 
ship and voting right in the diocesan 

"Hippie" gargoyle, National Cathedral, 

convention (Article II, sees. 3, 4, 5; Art. 
IX, sec. 3. Canon 1, sees. 1, 2, 3.) 

2. The member of the clergy in charge 
of the congregation will be designated 
vicar rather than rector. (Art. IX, sec. 

2; Canon 1, sec. 2; Canon 10, sec. 3.) 

3. In the future, when there is a 
vacancy in the post of vicar, the bish- 
op rather than the vestry initiates action 
to fill the position, and the bishop 
makes the appointment. (Art. IX, sec. 
1, 2; Canon 19, sec. 4.) This is not as 
different in actuality as it sounds in 
theory, for a parish cannot choose a rec- 
tor unacceptable to the bishop. Although 
the bishop appoints the mission's vicar, 
he habitually shares with the vestry a 
role in the selection process. 

4. The parish vestry becomes the 
mission vestry; the method of selection 
remains unchanged. (Canon 19, sec. 3.) 

5. The role of the vestry remains 
essentially unchanged except as noted 
in 3, above, and in the items dealing 
with property below. 

6. Legal title to lands and buildings 
(i.e., real property) belonging to the 
parish whose status is changing has 
heretofore been held for the parish by 
its vestry; with the change in status, 
legal title "vests" in the Trustees of the 
Diocese. (Canon 10, sees. 2, 3; Canon 
25, sec. 2.) This sounds more drastic 
than it is in fact. A parish vestry is not 
free to sell, mortgage or otherwise en- 
cumber its real property without the 
consent of the bishop and the Standing 
Committee; a mission vestry has the 
right to initiate steps needed for such 
an action, but it must obtain the con- 
currence of the trustees before presen- 
ting the mater to the bishop and Stan- 
ding Committee. This has not proved 
to be a stumbling block. 

7. Legal title to furniture, furnishings 
and other tangible personal property 
heretofore held by the vestry for the 
parish vests in the Trustees of the Dio- 
cese. Sale or other disposition of such 
property— if consecrated or peculiarly 
designed for and used within the church 
building— is dealt with in the same 
manner as real property. (See item 6.) 
Other tangible personal property may 
be dealt with by the mission vestry as 
it sees fit without outside concurrence 
or permission. (Canon 10, sec. 3; Can- 
on 25, sec. 2; Canon 11.) 

8. Trust funds held by the parish 
vestry for the benefit of the parish vest 
in the Trustees of the Diocese for the 
benefit of the mission. (Canon 10, sees. 
2, 3; Canon 25, sec. 2.) Income from 
such trusts continues to be available 
for expenditure by the mission vestry. 

9. Trust funds held by a non-church 
agency for the benefit of the parish re- 
main unaffected. (Canon 10, sees. 2, 3; 
Canon 25, sec. 2.) Income from such 
trusts continues to be available for ex- 
penditure by the mission vestry. 

10. Responsibility for accepting and 
budgeting the Episcopal Maintenance 
Fund assessment remains unchanged. 
(Article IX, sec. 6; Canon 17, sec. 2.) 

11. Responsibility for responding to 
the assigned Church's Program Fund 
quota remains unchanged. (Canon 17, 
sec. 3; Canon 19, sec. 6(g).) 

12. The business methods prescribed 
for church operations remain binding 
on the mission as they were on the 
parish. (Canon 16.). • 

The Communicant 

Issues facing General Convention 

(Diocesan Press Service) On July 2, 
nearly 900 clerical and lay deputies 
and some 200 bishops will assemble in 
Detroit's Cobo Hall for the 69th General 
Convention of the Episcopal Church. 

For 10 days the bishops and deputies 
will deliberate and debate issues of 
church governance and social policy. 
About 500 legislative items will be pre- 
sented by resolution at Convention, and 
those that are adopted by both the House 
of Deputies and the House of Bishops 
will become statements of the official 
position of the Episcopal Church and, 
in many instances, will amend its can- 
on laws. 

The Convention meets every three 
years in regular session, and the House 
of Bishops also meets in interim session 
during the non-Convention years. 

The House of Bishops is made up of 
all the bishops of the church, including 
retired ones. The House of Deputies is 
comprised of four clergy deputies and 
four lay deputies from each of the 
church's 118 dioceses in the United 
States and overseas. 

The 1988 Convention will consider 
a substantial report on congregation- 
based Christian education, and a propo- 
sal to establish common principles for 
the first time since the national church 
gave up its venerable Seabury Series 
30 years ago. To "deepen the vision of 
the educational context of all congrega- 
tional life," the Presiding Bishop's Task 
Force on Christian Education in Con- 
gregations recommends leadership 
training, research and seminary-based 
projects to empower effective educa- 
tional leaders. 

The Convention will consider re- 
quests to upgrade the Joint Commission 
on Evangelism and Renewal to a stand- 
ing commission; to create a new com- 

mission on racism; to form a special 
committee on church funding and infor 
mation; and to form task forces on com- 
munication planning and women. The 
Peace Commission also asks the Presid- 
ing Bishop and the Executive Council 
to seek funding of $1.5 million over a 
six-year period for "a substantial min- 
istry of healing and reconciliation in 
Central America." 

Women's roles in the church are re- 
flected in both liturgical and constitu- 
tional recommendations. The Standing 
Liturgical Commission reports on its two- 
year experience with inclusive language, 
and in a small booklet offers for trial use 
Supplemental Liturgical Texts, which 
"venture to create additions. . .rather 
than concentrating on corrections to 
existing liturgical texts." 

In its report, the Committe for the 
Full Participation of Women in the 
Church offers recommendations to de- 
velop statistics on women's participa- 
tion and an educational process to help 
the church become "more sensitive to 
the way in which language and images 
often perpetuate stereotypes." 

Although several aspects of human 
sexuality— particularly homosexuality- 
have been subjects of wide, and some- 
times heated, church debate during the 
last three years, the Commission on 
Human Affairs and Health, which has 
been studying these subjects, offers 
no groundbreaking legislation. The 
commission's report to Convention, 
however, will likely spark heated de- 

Although commission members 
"plead with church leaders to create an 
environment in our common life" in 
which debate on homosexuality may 
continue with "integrity and rationality," 
commission chairman George Hunt, 

Bishop of Rhode Island, says members 
decided that resolutions "would not add 
anything positive to the debate." They of- 
fer two actions: to decry violence against 
homosexual persons and to commend 
those homosexuals and others who 
care for AIDS victims. 

The commission, which affirms mar- 
riage "as the standard, the norm, the 
primary relationship in which the gift 
of human sexuality is to be shared," 
offers reports and statistics on AIDS, 
bioethical issues and abortion, and a 
five-point set of guidelines for "the ter- 
mination of pregnancy in the light of 
our understanding of the sacredness of 




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human life." In substance these guide- 
lines follow previous Convention resolu- 
tions. They include the statement, "all 
human life is sacred," affirm the "moral 
option" for abortion, as well as the re- 
sponsibility to practice family planning; 
and although acknowledging "abor- 
tion's tragic diemnsion," say any pro- 
posed legislation prohibiting abortion 
would not address the root causes of 
the problem and should not abridge 
individual conscience. 

Total ministry is the subject of the 
longest report. The Council for the De- 
velopment of Ministry offers canonical 
changes for what has variously been 

dubbed Canon 8, or indigenous, or 
community situations. Now adopting 
the phrase, "local priests and deacons," 
the council makes provision for those 
who serve in "distinctive situations"— 
usually rural and geographically wide- 
spread jurisdictions— where a "depriva- 
tion of sacramental and pastoral minis- 
try" exists. Its 17 resolutions address 
lay ministers, licensed lay persons and 
certified church workers, and clarify 
the process for entering Holy Orders. 

Historically the Episcopal Church 
has been active ecumenically, and this 
year's Standing Commission on Ecu- 
menical Relations reports on ecumenical 
conversations with Roman Catholics; 
Lutherans; the Old Catholic Churches, 
with whom the Anglican Church is in 
communion; the nine-member Consul- 
tation on Church Union; the National 
Council of Churches of Christ; and the 
World Council of Churches. 

In other actions, Convention will be 
asked to: 

• Affirm the tithe as the minimum 
standard of giving for Episcopalians. 

• Support translation on the canons 
into Spanish and administration of the 
General Ordination Examination "in a 
candidate's language of preference." 

• Train clergy for the special needs 
of working-class congregations. 

• Study the process of selection, ori- 
entation, evaluation, continuing educa- 
tion and transition of bishops as leaders. 

•Ask Episcopalians to work to change 
government policies which prevent the 
growth of individuals in freedom and 
dignity and inhibit the development of 
community life and the common good 
and to work ecumenically to study 
public education, recognizing it as "a 
fundamental key to enlarge and main- 
tain a multi-cultural community." • 


Sets debate record straight 

The recent convention of the Diocese 
spent a great deal of time struggling 
with important resolutions for the life 
of the church and the world. It is im- 
possible for any reporter, however, 
gifted, to assess accurately all of the sub- 
tleties of debate and discussion. There- 
fore, the fact that Ms. Wojton misquot- 
ed me in her lead article [Communicant, 
Feb. -March), does not surprise me. Yet, 
for my own sake and that of my congre- 
gation, I want to set the record straight. 

In the debate about the resolution 
concerning the ordination process, I 
spoke in favor of keeping as honest and 
open a process as possible. I did not, 
nor would I ever, advocate homosexu- 
ality or corresponding behavior as a 

life style. I believe that there are clergy 
who are homosexuals, who have lived 
exemplary celibate lives in service to 
our Lord and His church. I have known 
some; but, they are persons who are 
not in this diocese, nor in any recent 
acquaintance of mine. 

What I said, speaking just for myself 
and not for this parish, was that we 
have been a congregation deeply af- 
fected by the dishonesty of a young, ill 
person, who used his sexuality to hurt 
a number of people; and yet, we are a 
community here that has struggled 
with these very real issues of ministry. 

... I hope this sets the record 
straight. Interesting enough, I received 
a letter from someone with Integrity, 
who thanked me for supporting the 
issue. I quickly wrote to this person 

with copies to my Bishops, indicating 
where I stood, which in no way ad- 
vocates or supports homosexuality, the 
life style associated with it, or its place 
in the ordained ministry of the Episco- 
pal Church. I would hope that our con- 
vention and others leading up to the 
General Convention would reaffirm the 
stand taken by the General Conven- 
tion in 1979. 

The Rev. Samuel Walker, Rector 
Emmanuel, Southern Pines 

Scriptures are clear: 
adultery is wrong 

When I opened the most recent dioce- 
san mailing yesterday, I had just dried 

my tears after reading some very sad 
news from an old seminary friend. His 
marriage had broken up after his wife 
had started a relationship with their 
married lay pastor. Of course, the rela- 
tionship was not the first sign of trou- 
ble, but it finished what had been a 
troubled but redeemable marriage. 

I turned to the diocesan mailing, ex- 
pecting to be distracted by good news 
of the activities of God's people. Yet in 
the midst of such reports, the ache in 
my heart turned to sickness of heart as 
I read that a workshop officially spon- 
sored by the diocese would: "explore 
the question of when and under what 
circumstances extra-marital relation- 
ships can be considered responsible 
and acceptable behavior for persons 
See next page 

May/June 1988 

Letters / from page 9 

who strive to be obedient to the spirit 
[sic] of Christ. The discussion will pre- 
suppose the fact that sexual expression 
in Judaeo-Christian tradition has not 
always been limited to monogamous 

(Editor's Note: The writer refers to an 
flier for a diocesan-sponsored conference 
on spirituality and sexuality, held April 
16 in Greensboro.) 

Despite this alleged "fact," few ethical 
issues could be more clearly opposed 
in Scripture than adultery. If nowhere 
else, we see monogamous marriage up- 
held as God's ideal for us, and adultery 
as destructive, in the stories of creation, 
the Ten Commandments, the Sermon 
on the Mount and Jesus' pronounce- 
ments on divorce. In our canons and our 
Prayer Book, we uphold this sacred 
and life-giving teaching to forsake all 
others and to be faithful to our spouse 
as long as we both shall live. In the 
face of this teaching which we swear 
in our ordination to uphold, Father 
Lawrence's views as represented in the 
flier are nothing less than blasphemous. 

That such views are held within the 
church are nothing new to me. I first 
encountered them in my ethics class 
in seminary. Some, of course, will 
entertain virtually any view on any 
subject; this, perhaps, is the price we 
must pay to have an open and flexible 
church. But abstract seminary discus- 
sions and official diocesan conferences 
are very different forums. Any pastor 
who has shared the pain of couples 
troubled or destroyed by adultery, and 
who has striven to uphold God's sweet 
intention for us against the destructive 
"me-first" attitudes of the world, will 
share my sickness of heart. How can 
our diocese, in the name of "open dis- 
cussion," allow our people to think that 
there can be any question about this 
sacred and life-giving teaching? 

May God give us the grace to recog- 
nize his will, live by it, and receive the 
blessings he has in store for us. 

The Rev. Stephen M. Pogoloff 
Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill 

Complicated questions 
surround homosexuality 

If your brief report of the debate at 
the Convention concerning homosex- 
ual priests is accurate, a good deal of 
work needs to be done in determining 
the proper way to formulate the issues 
involved and the Christian response to 

You report those favoring the resolu- 
tion as affirming that homosexuality is 
"part of God's order." This statement 
causes several kinds of difficulty. The 
assumption is that the things that are 
part of God's order are good. I am al- 
ways a little disconcerted by those peo- 
ple who speak with such confidence of 

having God's approval of what they 
want. What entitles them to such con- 
fidence? God's purposes are rarely so 
clear to me. 

Everything that is is part of God's 
order. This does not mean that every- 
thing that is, everything we do, has 
God's approval. The variant on this, 
frequently heard, although not in your 
report, is that homosexuality is "natu- 
ral." Murderous rage is natural to some 
people, or to all. In sexual matters, sa- 
dism and masochism are natural and 


part of God's order. Fetishism is natu- 
ral. Rape is natural. It will not do to 
assume that the compulsive sexual de- 
sires of some people are less natural, 
less a part of God's order, than the de- 
sires of others. The problem is more 
complex than that. 

If we were entitled to live according 
to everything that is natural, there 
would be no point to Christianity. 

The resolution itself is a variant of 
the debate as you report it. It treats 
homosexuality as one of a number of 
things, such as age, gender, race, etc., 
as though it is the same, which it isn't. 
By adopting the neutral term "sexual 
orientation," it attempts to determine 
surreptitiously the terms of the very 
debate it is a part of. Unfortunately for 
this argument, some people are sexual- 
ly oriented to shoes, or to pain or to 
children or to all manner of other things. 
We deny their humanity and treat them 
with no compassionate understanding 
if we do not recognize that their sexual 
orientation is as powerful to them, as 
much of who they are as persons, as 
the orientation, the sexual desires, of 

You report the opponents of the 
resolution as opposing the ordination 
of homosexuals because homosexuality 
is a sin. If we now have a requirement 
for ordination that the candidate be 
sinless, we are going to have an abrupt 
shortage of priests. And who is to sit 
in judgment? I don't know if priests 

are more or less sinful than the rest of 
us but they have their appointed share. 
I suppose it is a matter of taste or judg- 
ment which of these disqualify a can- 
didate for the priesthood. 

. . . These are complicated questions. 

Verbal manipulation, falsification of 
issues by terminology, is, unhappily, a 
pervasive part of our national political 
discourse. It is unworthy of the church. 
To debate difficult issues, we must first 
face the reality of the issues and the 
true nature of the positions we take with 
reference to them. 

These really are complex and diffi- 
cult issues. 

John W. Dixon Jr. 
Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill 

Says Salvador article 
hit the target 

Thank you so much for publishing 
the article on El Salvador in the April 
issue of The Communicant. I, too, have 
just returned from El Salvador, having 
spent the first week in March in that 
country under similar circumstances, 
through the auspices of the Center for 
Global Education, Augsburg College, 
Minneapolis. The four people you in- 
terviewed verified everything I said in 
my presentation on El Salvador at St. 
Peter's, Charlotte, on March 20. 

I can relate with Meredith Patterson 
when she stated that she had a feeling 
there were a lot of her fellow parishio- 
ners who wouldn't agree with what she 
witnessed in El Salvador. Your article 
touches on every point I made in my 
presentation. It was certainly gratifying 
to me that I had not perceived a differ- 
ent viewpoint from these four people, 
nor had I related to my fellow parish- 
ioners an inaccurate perception .... I 
can say with a most certain degree of 
accuracy that what these four people 
related to you were the same, identical 
perceptions with which I returned to 
the U.S.A. 

Jim Amburn 
St. Peter's, Charlotte 

Disappointed by Spong 

I am sure you will be inundated by 
letters concerning Bishop Spong's re- 
cent presentations at the ECW annual 
meeting. Well, here is another one. 

I must say I was disappointed in his 
talk Tuesday afternoon to the delegates. 
I had expected better scholarship and 
a more reasoned case for the solemniza- 
tion of alternative lifestyles and against 
the authority of the Bible, than he pre- 
sented. In fact, I was embarrassed to 
experience a bishop of the church 
presenting such careless work. 

I should like to devote this letter to 
only three of the glaring errors he pre- 
sented. First, he stated that the Bible 

"consistently" oppressed women. Even 
the casually serious student of the Bi- 
ble will realize that is not so. The mes- 
sage of the New Testament, as opposed 
to the Old Testament, is one of equality 
among sexes, races and social statuses. 
Galatians 3:28 states clearly the teach- 
ing of the church. It is repeated many 
times in the letters from St. Paul. Paul 
does, in specific circumstances, seek to 
restrain women who, intoxicated by 
their new-found freedom, had gone too 
far overboard the other way. Jesus con- 
stantly honored women and took them 
seriously. Remember, it is Martha who 
confesses faith in the Resurrection. 
This confession could only have come 
from sessions of theological sharing 
with Jesus. . . . 

Second, for Bishop Spong to present 
many cases of man's sinfulness, such 
as Lot's behavior in Sodom, as justifi- 
cation to demean the Bible's authority, 
is grade school, at best. I hope he does 
not always proof text this way. Also, 
he took half-stories from the Bible to 
defend his belief. How disappointing. 

Third, the solemnization of elderly 
persons who wish to marry, but find 
that their marriage would cause finan- 
cial hardship due to reduced Social 
Security payments, is not an issue of 
the sanctity of marriage, but rather of 
the taxation system. We need to lobby 
the government, not change the mar- 
riage principle. 

I realize these points only peripher- 
ally touch the topics presented by Bish- 
op Spong. If heresy is not only teaching 
falsehood, but also telling half truth (as 
the term implies), Bishop Spong runs the 
danger of being heretical on at least 
two points. The ECW deserves better 
than they received from Bishop Spong. 
Bishop Estill, on the other hand, did an 
excellent job presenting his response to 
Bishop Spong on Wednesday. The ECW 
was served well by Bishop Estill. 

The Rev. Paul D. Martin 

Assistant Rector 

St. John's, Charlotte 

Thanks writer for 
sharing her memories 

When I read Ann Milgrom's tribute to 
her grandmother, Ruby Milgrom, in 
the Feb./March issue of The Communi- 
cant, I shed a few tears. Having known 
Mrs. Milgrom in a professional capacity 
(I was a social worker and she was the 
chairman of the board at the local men- 
tal health center), I can attest to the 
strengths and fine qualities her grand- 
daughter described. The article made 
me wish I had been a family member 

Thank you, Ms. Milgrom, for letting 
us share some wonderful memories 
with you. 

Cheryl Coppedge 
Good Shepherd, Rocky Mount 


The Communicant 

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Bishop's letter 


Dear Friends, 

Our Celebration Through Stewardship 
(ACTS) will officially have ended by 
the time you read this. At this writing 
(as noted elsewhere in this issue of The 
Communicant), we are well on our way 
to achieving our goal. For this tre- 
mendous response I am deeply grate- 
ful. It has been my hope that we would 
come through this campaign united 
in our purpose and feeling good about 
what we have done. It would seem 
that we have accomplished that. 

Consistent with the wishes of our 
Diocesan Convention, we have started 
building the youth facility and the ad- 
ditions to our Conference Center. The 
first $2.9 million will make this possi- 
ble and it is exciting to think that we 
may be able to see those results by the 
early summer of 1989. The Lex Math- 
ews Scholarship Fund, which already 

had some money and to which some 
gifts were designated, has started too. 
Soon other outreach ministries will be 
possible and the Mission and Outreach 
Department of the Council is already 
working on procedures for allocating 
money for new congregations. So we 
are "on the way" to achieving the goals 
of ACTS. Thanks be to God. 

The summer months will focus our 
attention on the national and interna- 
tional Church as we experience the 
General Convention and Lambeth Con- 
ference. Still, we need to keep the mo- 
mentum of the ACTS campaign going 
if we are to reach our final goal. Two 
of our largest congregations still have 
not conducted their campaigns— due to 
local campaigns and building needs. 
Bishop Vest, the ACTS Executive Com- 
mittee and I will be working closely 
with them and we will be continuing 
to assist those congregations and indi- 

viduals who have spread their giving 
over a period of years. So, the ACTS 
goes on. Perhaps it is true that we never 
stop Celebrating through Stewardship! 
In fact, I join our Stewardship Commis- 
sion in the hope that our giving of our 
resources will continue to reflect our 
gratitude to God for all that He has 
given us. 

Despite the fact that we still have 
work to do, I am greatly encouraged by 
the response we have had. Especially do 
I want to thank all those who worked 
so hard, and are still working, to make 
ACTS a success. You have given us 
the means for the mission and ministry 
of our diocese as we approach a new 

Robert W. Estill 

Suffragan Bishop's letter 

Dear Friends in Christ, 

One of the most critically important 
areas of ministry which we have is the 
college campus. In fact, in my judge- 
ment, the campus is one of the most 
significant missionary frontiers of the 
last half of the twentieth century. 

You may not be aware of the enor- 
mous investment which our diocese 
makes in campus ministry. In terms of 
the budget, it is the largest single item 
in our diocesan Program Budget. This 
year, we have allocated $293,811 for 
work on the college campus. You might 
be interested, and perhaps surprised, 
to know that we have the largest num- 
ber of full-time college chaplains of any 
diocese in the country, and we spend 
the most money on college ministry of 
any diocese in the country. Considering 
the large number of colleges and univer- 
sities with which our diocese is blessed, 
and considering the importance of min- 
istry to this particular segment of pop- 
ulation, that might not be as surprising 
as it seems to be at first glance. In ad- 
dition to the full-time chaplaincies, we 
also support ecumenical ministries on 
several other campuses. In addition to 
that, many of our parishes carry on cam- 
pus ministry in and through their parish 

Let me tell you who our eight full- 
time chaplains are, and where they do 
their ministry. The Rev. Bill Brettmann 
is chaplain at North Carolina State; the 
Rev. Cyril Burke is chaplain at St. Au- 
gustine's; the Rev. Janet Watrous is 
chaplain at Saint Mary's; the Rev. David 
Stanford is chaplain at UNC-Chapel Hill; 
the Rev. Earl Brill is chaplain at Duke; 

the Rev. Charles Hawes is chaplain at 
UNC-Greensboro; the Rev. Bob McGee 
is chaplain to Wake Forest, Salem Col- 
lege, and the North Carolina School of 
the Arts; and the Rev. Will Hinson is 
chaplain to UNC-Charlotte, Central 
Piedmont Community College, and 
Queens College. Both St. Augustine's 
and Saint Mary's, which as you know 
are Episcopal institutions, fund their 
own chaplain. The Chapel of the Cross 
funds one-half of the cost of the chap- 
laincy at UNC-Chapel Hill. All of the 
others are fully funded by you through 
our diocesan budget. 

I served as a college chaplain for four 
years in the '60's, and I have some first 
hand experience, both of the demands 

of that kind of ministry, and of the sig- 
nificant nature of that ministry. One of 
the joys of my role as Suffragan Bishop 
is the fact that I meet regularly with 
these eight chaplains for support, fellow- 
ship, and planning. 

As life grows increasingly complex, 
as our young adults are faced with in- 
creasingly difficult decisions, choices, 
and pressures, then the role of the cam- 
pus minister becomes all the more essen- 
tial. The late teens and the early twen- 
ties are very important years in people's 
development. These are tremendously 
significant years in terms of the forma- 
tion of human beings— emotionally, 
vocationally, spiritually, and intellectu- 
ally. The ministry of our college chap- 
lains is one that is very similar to par- 
ish ministry— it is just done within the 
context of campus life. Our chaplains 
are actively involved in worship, study, 
social ministries, fellowship, pastoral 
care, and spiritual formation. Their min- 
istry extends beyond the students and 
also includes faculty members, the ad- 
ministration, and the institution itself. 

We are blessed with extraordinarily 
able and committed chaplains in this 
diocese. They are all both willing and 
available to come and to talk with you 
in your parish settings about their 
ministry, and about how you might 
aid and support them in that ministry. 
Their congregations include "our chil- 
dren," and I hope that each of you will 
take an active and involved part in both 
supporting what they are doing, and in 
learning about it. 

I am proud to be a part of a diocese 
that places such a high priority on this 
very specialized and critically impor- 

tant ministry. I am also deeply grateful 
to our chaplains, and to all of those who 
are bringing the light of Christ to the 
young men and women on our cam- 

Frank H. Vest, Jr. 

The Communicant is published monthly, 
September through June, with a combined 
issue for February and March, by the Episco- 
pal Diocese of North Carolina. 

Bishop: The Rt. Rev. Robert W. Estill 

Suffragan Bishop: The Rt. Rev. Frank H. Vest, Jr. 

Editor: John B. Justice 

Art Director: Mary Sox 

Non-diocesan subscriptions are $2.00. Sub- 
missions are welcome; they are due on the 
10th of the month for the issue dated the 
following month. 

Please send letters and address changes to: 
The Communicant, P.O. Box 17025, Raleigh 
NC, 27619. Phone: (919) 787-6313. 

The Communicant is a member of the Asso- 
ciated Church Press and the Association 
of Episcopal Communicators. Second-class 
postage paid at Raleigh, North Carolina, 
and at additional post offices. Publication 
number: USPS 392-580. 

May /June 1988 


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Vol. 79, No. 5 

The Newspaper of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 

September 1988 

Convention unifies our church 

New York (DPS, July 14) -In Detroit, 
a city rebuilding from the rubble of 
economic misfortune, the Episcopal 
Church has stepped forward to make 
reality of its presiding bishop's pro- 
gram of revitalization through mission. 

Presiding Bishop Edmond L. Brown- 
ing, at the church's 69th General Con- 
vention, called the Episcopal Church 
to a new sense of mission. 

That call was heard over and over 
during the Convention, meeting July 
2-11, as 185 bishops and 857 clerical 
and lay deputies voted on 487 resolu- 
tions affecting church policy. 

Most significantly, when the debate 
over homosexuality, the role of women, 
and other potentially divisive issues had 
ended, the Church appeared to be 
more unified than it had been before, 
and conservatives and liberals both felt 
they still had voices in it. 

"The main accomplishment of this 
Convention is how we worked together," 
Browning said. "We have had enor- 
mous issues and challenges. I think both 
houses have responded with great sen- 
sitivity. We have been concerned as 
we discussed the issues with how we 
related to one another." 

Among legislation directly related to 
the eight Mission Imperatives designat- 

Presiding Bishop Edmond Browning 

ed by the Presiding Bishop and the Exe- 
cutive Council as "guideposts" for the 
church in carrying its mission into the 
world are: 

•The call for a decade of evangelism 
in the 1990s, in which Episcopalians 
are asked to "reclaim and affirm our 
baptismal call to evangelism . . . and 
reach every unchurched person." 

•Authorization for a three-year, $2.7 
million overhaul to make the church's 
Christian education program the cen- 
terpiece of parish renewal. 

•Revision of the canons on ministry 
to broaden the participation of lay peo- 
ple, including authorization to adminis- 
ter the eucharistic bread as well as the 

tion stating that "all human life is sa- 
cred, from inception until death." The 
statement specifically opposes abortion 
"as a means of birth control, family plan- 
ning or sex selection." The statement al- 
so says that the church believes legisla- 
tion, national or state, will not address 
the root of the problem of abortion. 

wine, and directing recruitment of as- 
pirants for Holy Orders. 

•The "Michigan Plan" for economic 
justice, empowering poor people with 
more than $24 million. It was approv- 
ed without a dissenting voice by both 

•Establishing the "Episcopal visitors," 
a framework for providing pastoral 
care to congregations opposed to minis- 
try by women priest or bishops. 

On sexuality, delegates approved a 
statement that "affirms the biblical and 
traditional teaching on chastity and fi- 
delity in personal relationships" while 
encouraging "opportunities for open dia- 
logue on human sexuality." The resolu- 
tion further encourages the church to 
discuss sexual issues in a non-judgmen- 
tal way and to abide by the spirit of 
Browning's statement that "there will 
be no outcasts in this Church." And 
the statement suggests that the dialogue 
on human sexuality use the accepted 
sources of authority for Christians: 
Scripture, tradition, reason and experi- 
ence, as well as incorporating products 
of scientific research. 

Convention voted against any changes 
in the church's policy on access to or- 
dination. The effect was to leave in 
place the church's 1979 statement that 
it doesn't believe it is "appropriate to 
ordain practicing homosexuals or any 
person engaged in heterosexual relations 
outside of marriage." 

A modified position on abortion was 
adopted. Delegates endorsed a resolu- 

Also approved were inclusive lan- 
guage texts for Morning and Evening 
Prayer and eucharistic services. They 
are for optional use starting as early as 
next fall, and are intended to remove 
the sense of exclusion experienced by 
women and other worshippers during 

The Episcopal Visitors resolution 
establishes procedures that may be us- 
ed if a woman is elected bishop in a 
diocese where a parish disagrees with 
the ordination of women. The plan al- 
lows the presiding bishop to designate 
another member of the House of Bish- 
ops as a visiting bishop, for confirmations 
and other normal duties of a bishop. 
However, the presiding bishop may do 
so only "upon the request and under 
the authority and direction of the ecclesi- 
astical authority of a diocese." The reso- 
lution included a statement that wom- 
en have "brought fresh and complemen- 
tary gifts to the priestly ministry." 

Delegates passed in its entirety and 
without a dissenting vote a compre- 
hensive plan for economic justice for 
the poor and homeless. The plan, devel- 
oped by the Diocese of Michigan with 
the leadership of Bishop Coleman Mc- 
Gehee, calls for the church to disburse 
$200,000 annually for the next three 
years. Anticipated projects are housing 
cooperatives, community land trusts and 
credit unions for community develop- 
ment. Then over the next six years, the 
plan is to procure up to $24 million 
through foundation grants, contributions 

from ecumenical programs and other 
fundraising efforts. 

Convention action made Christian 
education a church priority for the next 
three years. The education package ap- 
proved in Detroit commits $900,000 a 
year for the coming triennium for: lead- 
ership training; an education manual 
for congregations; and development of 
computer applications for Christian ed- 
ucation. The measure doesn't call for a 
parish-level curriculum, but does direct 
the Education for Mission and Ministry 
unit of the national church to develop 
"clear, practical guidelines for planning 
and implementing Christian education 
in different contexts." 

The convention continued its support 
for ministry to AIDS victims, led by the 
presiding bishop, who pledged himself 
to initiate a personal relationship with a 
person with AIDS and challenged all 
the bishops of the church and other 
religious leaders to do the same. 

The delegates gave quick approval on 
the legislative floor to a budget of $38.2 
million for running the church in 1989, 
an increase of 5.2% over 1988. Assess- 
ment of dioceses by the national church 
remains at 4% of "net disposable bud- 
get income." 

Meeting simultaneously on the floor 
above General Convention, some 500 
Episcopal Church Women held their 
39th Triennial meeting and the first 
since administrative restructuring of the 
ECW three years ago restored the sys- 
tem of elected rather than appointed 

Browning challenged the women to 
move into the world with their gift of 
healing as witnesses to the church's 
work. He also installed Marjorie Burke 
of the Diocese of Massachusetts as 
new ECW President, succeeding Mar- 
cy Walsh of South Carolina. 

The ECW's United Thank Offering 
awarded more than $3 million in Blue 
Box collections to causes around the 
world, and also made available $1,500 
in seed money to any diocese which 
undertakes an outreach project before 
October 1989. 

In summary, the Convention's 
achievements affirmed the hope of the 
presiding bishop to move the church 
ahead without leaving anyone behind. 

Browning made his purpose clear in 
his sermon on the first Sunday, saying 
the church's mission is "to go out into 
the highways and byways to the out- 
casts and rejects of society"— even if it 
means it has to "say 'Godspeed' to those 
who wish to travel another road." • 

More General Convention coverage 
on pages four and five. 

Around the diocese 

Real estate checklist 

Standing Committee president John 
Campbell sends this message regarding 
real estate transactions: 

"All clergy, wardens and other vestry 
members are urged to become familiar 
with the Standing Committee's check- 
lists of reguirements regarding real es- 
tate transactions, especially with regard 
to sales, leases, right of way easements 
and mortgages. 

"This checklist appears on pages 266- 
268 of the 1988 Diocesan Journal and 
on pages 314-316 of the 1987 journal. 
Thank you." 

To God, through Jesus 

The prayer relationship with God 
through Jesus is the focus of the annual 
prayer conference of St. Paul's, Cary. 
Conference leader James Efird of Duke 
University says this: 

"The course will focus on the main 
themes of the Gospel of John, which 
presents Jesus as the giver of real life 
and as the revealer of God to the 
world— at least to those who will ac- 
cept His message." 

Efird, an ordained Presbyterian 
minister, calls John "one of the most 
marvelous books of the entire canon" 

The Rev. James Efird 

and its presentation of Jesus "unique 
and majestic." Efird is professor of Bib- 
lical interpretation at Duke. 

The conference will be held Satur- 
day, Nov. 5 from 9 a.m. until 12:30 
p.m. and wil conclude with Eucharist. 
There is a $3 registration fee, and in- 
formation may be obtained be calling 
St. Paul's at 919-567-1477. The church 
in located at 221 Union St., Cary. 

Pioneering woman passes 

The first woman to serve on a vestry 
in the diocese died in July. She was 

Marjorie Broderick Cole, who was 
elected to the vestry of St. John's, Char- 
lotte, in 1966, less than a year after the 
diocese's rules were changed to allow 
women to serve on vestries. 

She and her husband Bill were foun- 
ding members of St. John's, and their 
son, the Rev. King Cole, is rector of St. 
Andrew's, Morehead City. 

Liturgy expert available 

The Rev. Richard Morris is offering a 
colorful service to diocesan congrega- 
tions. Morris interim priest at St. Mark's, 
Raleigh, consults with churches inter- 
ested in "improving their liturgical life 
with the means they have." 

Morris has written: 
"How a congregation uses its church 
building space is the single most im- 
portant factor in an ENVIRONMENTS 
consultation." ENVIRONMENTS is the 
name of his consulting firm. "The style 
and order of worship," he writes, "the 
educational endeavors, and the social 
activities of a church are uppermost as 
I work with the individual parish or 

Morris helped St. Mark's do a seven- 
part series of Creation banners last year, 
for which 14 women did the quilting 
and sewing of his designs. He says that 
St. Mark's is interested in loaning out 
the banners to other churches. 

"But the ideal is for each church to 
make its own," he says. 

Morris says the aim of his consulting 
work is to help local congregations 
achieve "a space where people want to 
be." And he adds, "Always, however, I 
work within the fiscal, aesthetic and 
ecclesiastical boundaries already ex- 

Morris charges $50 for a consultation, 
and he can be reached at 919-929-4661. 

Finds Christ in shelter 

A report from Kermit Bailey, a voca- 
tional deacon who works with the Greens- 
boro Urban Ministry. 

I remember thinking, "I don't have 
time to be bothered with rich Episco- 
palian kids. I've got important work to 
do— for the Lord!" I went anyhow, and 
I told the kids exactly what my feel- 
ings had been. And I also told them 
how surprised I was to find them open, 
warm and loving; I told them they 
reminded me that I had no other work 
any more important than coming to be 
with them. I told them how much I 
had learned to love them. 

Later on, we went together— 30 
young people and 10 adults— to the 
Greensboro Night Shelter to serve sup- 
per. We prepared hot dogs with all the 
trimmings and served them hot. About 
7 o'clock, the residents, many of whom 
were pretty drunk, started coining in. 
We moved back into the kitchen to be 

Liturgical troubleshooter Richard Morris 

out of the way. 

We were joined by our invited 
guest, Steve Lynam. Steve is a musi- 
cian and street pastor in Greensboro. 
He began to lead us in song, and after 
two or three songs, one of the drunks 
"recognized his voice" and came wan- 
dering in. 

I heard someone in the background 
say, "Get him out of there." But I wav- 
ed them off, and the man came closer 
and closer to Steve. Then, as they 
were within a foot of each other, Steve 
began to sing directly to this man. He 
started trying to hum and sing along, 
and to my unmusical ears it sounded 
like a harmony. I thought Steve kind 
of wrapped this man in a musical web 
of love, and as I looked around at the 
young people in the semi-circle, many 
of them were weeping. I was, too. It 
was a rare experience of being in the 
presence of Christ! 

As time went on, our whole group 
finished serving the supper. Some of 
the young men played honkey-tonk 
piano, while the drunks clapped and 
sang. Two of our guys walked on their 
hands and did gymnastic flips across 
the floor. Some girls were playing 
cheerleaders, and everyone was visiting 
and having a great time. 

Then, in the next room, one of the 
men had a seizure. We had talked about 
that possibility before, and Jimmy Bland, 
one of our adult leaders and a trained 
emergency medicine specialist, helped 
give the man first aid until the ambu 
lance arrived. 

The youth group returned that night 
to Holy Trinity to spend the rest of the 
night in a "Lock-In." On Sunday mor- 
ning, they went back to the shelter to 
serve breakfast. It was reported that 
the folks there were not nearly as live- 
ly and joyful as they had been the 

night before. Finally, the young people 
joined the 9:15 a.m. family service at 
Holy Trinity. 

Two of the group, Brad and Louise, 
stood before the congregation and re- 
ported on their experience. It went like 

Brad: When we went to the Urban 
Ministry's night shelter, we had many 

Louise: But we realized there was 
nothing to be afraid of. We had been 
afraid Jesus would not be there. 

Brad: But He was! We had thought 
they were just bums. 

Louise: But they turned out to be hu- 
man beings. We had thought we would 
offer our love. . . 

Brad: But they gave us theirs. 

The Communicant is published monthly, 
September through June, with a combined 
issue for February and March, by the Episco- 
pal Diocese of North Carolina. 

Bishop: The Rt. Rev. Robert W. Estill 

Suffragan Bishop: The Rt. Rev. Frank H. Vest, Jr. 

Editor: John B. Justice 

Art Director: Mary Sox 

Non-diocesan subscriptions are $2.00. Sub- 
missions are welcome: they are due on the 
10th of the month for the issue dated the 
following month. 

Please send letters and address changes to: 
The Communicant, P.O. Box 17025, Raleigh 
NC, 27619. Phone: (919) 787-6313. 

The Communicant is a member of the Asso- 
ciated Church Press and the Association 
of Episcopal Communicators. Second-class 
postage paid at Raleigh, North Carolina, 
and at additional post offices. Publication 
number: USPS 392-580. 

The Communicant 


October 7-9, Conference Center, 
Browns Summit: Happening #12. Epis- 
copal community, youth fellowship and 
faith development. $55. For information: 
the Rev. Paul Martin, 704-366-3034. 

October 14-16, Weslyan Youth Camp, 
Sophia: Y.E.S. Weekend (Youth En- 
counter Spirit). Exploring self others and 
God. Ages 12-15. $35. Registration form 
from: Nancy Joy Sadler, 7105-1 Wood- 
bend Dr., Raleigh, NC 27609. 

October 21-23, Avila Retreat Center, 
Durham: "Being Delivered from the 
Fear of All Enemies. . . " Conference on 

peacemaking in the church and the world, 
led by Molly Rush of the Thomas Merton 
Center. $75; scholarships available. For 
information: Ann Thompson, 919-467- 

October 28-30, Camp Caraway, Ashe- 
boro: Fall Youth Conference. $45; schol- 
arships available. For information: Frances 
Payne, 919-274-4279. 

November 5, Duke University, Dur- 
ham: Diocesan Acolyte Festival. Duke 
Chapel Eucharist, lunch, Duke-Maryland 
football. For information: the Rev. David 
Sweeney, 919-895-4739. 

November 13, St. John 's House, 
Durham: Open House for people of the 
Diocese. Meetings with members of this 
monastic order, house tour, refreshments, 
Evensong. For information: 919-688-4161. 

November 18-20, St. John s House, 

Durham: "Exploring the Incarnation." Si- 
lent retreat exploring personal experiences 
of annunciation. $75 residents, $40 non- 
residents. For information: 919-688-4161. 

November 23-27, Kanuga, Hender- 
sonville: "Thanksgiving at Kanuga." Pre- 
Advent respite for giving thanks. For infor- 
mation on events and rates: 704-692-9136. 

December 4-7, Kanuga, Henderson- 
ville: "Compassion and Mercy. " With 
Matthew Fox, author of A Spirituality 
Called Compassion. Conference on 
Gospel imperative to react with loving 
positive action to AIDS, homelessness, 
mental illness and other issues. $210. For 
conference brochure: Kanuga, Postal 
Drawer 250, Hendersonville, NC 28793. 

December 28-January 1, Kanuga, 
Hendersonville: Winterlight XIII. Win- 
ter retreat for youth in grades 9-12. Find- 
ing a pathway to Chnst. $195. Scholar- 
ships available. Call: Frances Payne, 

St* John's lifts inner life 

By Nancy Reynolds Pagano 

Cultivation of the inner life, given 
the world in which we live today, is 
not a luxury for Christians; it is a ne- 

In the days when the Word of God 
was being set down in what we know 
as Holy Scripture, men and women 
lived (from our perspective) "inside 
out." That is, their inner life was outer- 
most—their capacity for poetry, myth, 
love of God and imaginative discern- 
ment of the significance of events in- 
formed their senses. Sight, hearing, 
touch, taste and smell were alive with 
the search for meaning and for high 
transactions with the divine, vibrant 
with the reality of the interconnect ed- 
ness of all things caught within the web 
of life. 

Now, in this time and place, we 
have enfolded our inner life, with its 
antennae capable of touching God, 
within the hard shell of our rational- 
ism, our technology, and our radical 
individualism. Because we live in 20th 
century America, we must intentional- 
ly labor to bring our inner life back in- 
to the open air, to cultivate our inner 
landscape, that part of us that turns 
and cleaves to God as naturally as the 
sunflower to the sun. 

"Palm trees do not grow in Siberia," 
the opening words of a Russian story, 
tell the tale. The fruits of the spirit 
cannot flourish in an inhospitable land- 
scape. We must pierce our hard shell 
and take our gardening tools within, 
tend and keep what too often has come 
to resemble Siberia through lack of at- 
tention and care. 

How is this to be done? The religious 
word for how it is done is metanoia, 
the radical changing of direction, the 
reorienting of the will so that every fi- 
ber of our being flows in new and God- 
ward channels. Then, when the will 

has shifted (even ever so slightly), the 
work begins. 

But, we object, we have no time! 
Then claim the time. We're on the fasi 
track! Then step off it. There is so much 
noise! Then enter into the silence. We 
go to church! We~keep" the Command- 
ments! We even tithe! That's sufficient. 
We also need to cultivate the life with- 
in, allowing palms to grow in coopera- 
tive effort with the grace of God, shed- 
ding abroad their fruits of the Spirit. 

of disciplined prayer. I was not disap- 
pointed in what the church offered 
corporately, but I did not easily find 
what I needed for disciplined personal 
prayer, for the cultivation of the life 

Nonetheless, desire overcame the 
lack; groping through the dark, I piec- 
ed together from various sources a 
way of prayer— a way that is constant- 
ly evolving, a way full of surprises, 
arid stretches, fruitful oases, delightful 

St. John's House, 702 West Cobb Street invites the people of the diocese to two open 
houses: Sunday, September 25, and Sunday, November 13, from 4 to 6 p.m., to meet 
members of the monastic community, tour the newly renovated house and to learn about 
opportunities for supporting the work of the house. Refreshments will be served. Even- 
song will be sung at 5:30 p.m. 

Sixteen years ago, when I was led 
back to the Episcopal Church, the 
church of my Baptism, I was famish- 
ed; my Siberia stretched far and wide; 
my thirst could not be assuaged except 
by the living God. I expected to feed 
on the riches of God through the 
church's ministry, through her ritual 
and sacraments and through her ways 

palms. When I try to become "spiritual," 
that is, when I want to commune with 
God while putting aside the actual stuff 
of my life, dividing myself in two, the 
Spirit always grounds me again and I 
learn, once more, that the gracious God 
claims all of me. 

The cultivation of the life within is 
not an esoteric way reserved for a few 

"spiritual" persons; it is, I believe, a 
way that is a gift for every human be- 
ing, and surely, within the church, a 
gift for all the orders of ministry: laity, 
bishops, priests and deacons. St. Sy- 
meon the New Theologian (942-1022 
A.D.), the great spiritual master of East- 
ern Christianity, taught that mystical 
contemplation of the indwelling God 
who is united with us is not for the favor- 
ed few but is the very basis of the life 
of every Christian. This teaching must 
be strongly resasserted in our own time, 
and all should be encouraged to put it 
into practice. 

To begin, it is essential for us to 
become aware of our yearning for com- 
munion with God, and then to let that 
yearning carry us forward to claim 
time and space for the encounter, so 
dearly sought, so sadly repressed. We 
need a space in our dwelling for per- 
sonal prayer, and we need spaces away 
from home that help us in our practice 
of cultivating the inner life. 

The people of this diocese are fortu- 
nate to have several such spaces avail- 
able to us. One of these is St. John's 
House, Durham, which opened in 1983 
as a quiet spot in the city for individual 
retreats, prayer and spiritual direction. 
A house of the Society of St. John the 
Evangelist, the oldest Anglican religious 
order for men, St. John's House offers 
hospitality for those wishing to make a 
private retreat, take a quiet day, or 
join the community at their regularly 
scheduled services of worship. 

The time, the space and the yearn- 
ing are present. Will we choose to begin 
the work of cultivation, the work that 
renders our Siberia open to the grace 
of God so that the palms of righteous- 
ness may flourish? The choice is always 
ours. • 

The Rev. Nancy Reynolds Pagano is an 
associate of Chapel of the Cross, Chapel 

Sep t,f. m a e r, 1 9.8,8 





Delegates view convention 

By Judy. Lane 

Getting started at 8 a.m. and not 
necessarily firiished by 10 p.m., listen- 
ing hour after, hour with concentration 
and voting on hundreds of resolutions 
with intelligence— for North Carolina's 
1 1 delegates, General Convention was 
hard work. 

The North Carolina delegates— bishops 
Robert Estill, Frank Vest, and Thomas 
Fraser; priests Hunt Williams, Dudley 
Colhoun, Neff Powell, and Bob Ses- 
sum; and lay people Joe Cheshire, Scott 
Evans, Jane House, and Anne Tomlin- 
son— were part of the large, amorphous 
body that constitutes the Episcopal 
Church in convention. They met in 
Detroit for ten hot July days to deter- 
mine the course of the church for the 
next three years and beyond, joining 
some 150 bishops in the House of Bish- 
ops, and over 900 people, eight lay and 
eight clergy representives from each of 
1 18 dioceses, in the House of Deputies. 

They loved it and they hated it: 
grueling schedules and the hectic at- 
mosphere were hard to endure for ten 
days, but being a vital part of the church 
in action was exciting and fun. They 
dealt with over 400 resolutions, with so 
much discussion and political maneuver- 
ing going on that even though they 
paid close attention they were not al- 
ways sure how things were turning out. 
They talked about and heard about 
fundamental concerns of the church, 
issues of aid to the poor, homosexuality 
and abortion, education and ecumen- 
ism, theology and ministry. 

In looking back on the meeting, 
many of the North Carolina delegates 
described it as primarily a convention 

that kept the peace. At a time when 
conflicting forces were pulling the 
church in different directions, with 
many special interest groups seeking 
power, the outcome was a movement 
toward the center, a time of listening 
while preserving the unity of the 
church. Hunt Williams, rector of St. 
Peter's, Charlotte, and chairman of the 
North Carolina deputies, describes the 
delegates' mood as one of "remember- 
ing who our constiuents were and 
keeping them in mind as much as be- 
ing sensitive to the special groups." He 
was impressed by the level of creative 
tension that enabled delegates to listen 
to each other, and to act responsibly. 

Those who were delegates for the 
first time were not assigned to legis- 
lative committees, where much of the 
work took place. They were free to go 
from one committee meeting to another, 
savoring the variety of the whole. Jane 
House, from St. Paul's in Louisburg, 
Neff Powell, diocesan archdeacon, and 
Williams, all first-time delegates, enjoyed 
the proceedings— as Powell described it, 
it was "one-half legislation, one-quarter 
religion, and one-quarter county fair.' 

Second-time delegate Bob Sessum, 
rector of All Saints' Parish in Concord, 
felt that the resolution sanctioning epis- 
copal visitors might be the most publi- 
cized convention result, and one with 
great impact, but he called attention to 
the importance of the redefinition of 
lay ministry that was accomplished 
through a rewriting of the canons that 
govern ministry. 

Scott Evans, of St. Stephen's in 
Durham, attending her third conven- 
tion as a deputy, was one of only six 
women who chaired legislative com- 
mittees. As chairman of the World 

Mission Committee, she dealt with the 
move toward autonomy of churches in 
the Philippines and Central America 
that have been part of the Episcopal 
Church in the United States. She spoke 
especially of the excitement of the 
Michigan Plan, which will involve the 
church in helping the poor with jobs, 
homes and counseling. Evans felt that 
the convention process needed im- 
provement: excessive parliamentary 
shuffling delayed important legislation 
to the last few days when there was no 
longer time for in-depth consideration 
of the issues. 

Joe Cheshire, of Good Sheperd, 
Raleigh, and chancellor of the diocese, 
served on the Committee on Canons; 
he described the convention, his third, 
as a tedious but necessary part of life 
in the church, with the all-day, every- 
day meeting putting one into an eerie 
state of detachment from the real 

Dudley Colhoun, rector of St. Paul's, 
Winston-Salem, has been to five or six 
conventions and served this year as 
clergy press officer as well as a member 
of the Stewardship Committee. He cited 
the work on stewardship and Christian 
education as important. 

Anne Tomlinson, from Christ 
Church, Charlotte, was also a third 
time delegate and went to Detroit 
several days early to begin her work 
on the Program, Budget, and Finance 
Committee. Tomlinson called attention 
to the importance of Presiding Bishop 
Edmond Browning's eight mission im- 
peratives, with their emphasis on edu- 
cation, evangelism, communication and 

Much of the joy of being a delegate 
was in coming together to greet 

Judy Lane 

friends, to feel the church's identity, 
and to worship God as one body. An 
opening Eucharist attended by 7500 
people was highlighted by presentation 
of a $3 million United Thank Offering 
by women from the Triennial Conven- 
tion of Women of the Church, meeting 
simultaneously in Detroit. 

In his sermon at that service, Bishop 
Browning suggested the possibility of 
schism in the church. But the dele- 
gates to this 69th General Convention 
responded by listening to each other 
and then voting the middle ground 
rather than the extremes, by arriving 
at what Suffragan Bishop Frank Vest 
called an "uneasy truce" on some of 
the issues, postponing certain hard de- 
cisions to the 70th convention in 1991. 

"The via media is a wide road to 
hell," proclaimed a convention picket 
sign. Yet for this convention, the via 
media or middle ground was the sought- 
after goal, and the primary achieve- 
ment. • 

Judy Lane, of St. John's, Charlotte, is a 
freelance writer and member of the Com- 
munication Commission of the diocese. 

Journey into wholeness 

By Ralph Earle 

To be whole is to be holy. Our Anglo- 
Saxon linguistic ancestors had only one 
word for both concepts. According to 
the Oxford English Dictionary, the 
r(K)l word "Hal" signified health, un- 
brokenness and single, unified Being, 
with all parts functioning in harmony. 
Because the pagan gods were consid- 
ered whole in this sense, they were also 
holy. With the later advent of Christian- 
ity, the word split into two divergent 
senses and pronunciations: The Church 
fathers apparently developed "holy" as 
an equivalent for the exclusively reli- 
gious sense of the Latin "Sanctus." 

In our own time the two words are re- 
converging. To be holy is once again to 

be whole. In search of this "holy whole- 
ness," hundreds of people converge 
on Kanuga Conference Center, near 
Hendersonville, every November for 
the "Journey into Wholeness" confer- 

Conceived and organized by Episco- 
pal priest James Cullipher and his wife 
Annette, Journey into Wholeness is a 
ministry of the Diocese of Upper South 
Carolina. Annette conceived the first 
conference as a vehicle to bring theolo- 
gian John Sanford to Jacksonville, Fla., 
where her husband had a church. The 
conference now alternates between 
Kanuga and St. Simon's Island, Ga., 
drawing as many as 400 persons each 

"The purpose and design of this con- 
ference," says the official description, 

"is to provide a setting for Christians to 
explore the concepts of Carl Jung and 
what they have of value to offer us on 
our spiritual journey." 

Christianity and Jungian thought do 
not jibe at every point. Christianity, 
and certainly the Episcopal Church, 
stress the spiritual dimension of whole- 
ness; Jung stresses its psychological di- 
mension. But the relationship between 
Jung and the church is strong. Episco- 
palianism has a tradition of intellectual 
questioning, and it encourages active 
dialogue on the nature of spiritual 
growth and experience. Many Episco- 
palians find themselves drawn to Jung, 
seeing in him the same intellectual in- 
tensity and attitude of healthy skepti- 
cism they value in their faith. John 
Sanford is a Jungian psychologist as well 

as an Episcopal priest; likewise, Brew- 
ster Beach, a speaker at the most re- 
cent conference at Kanuga, is a Jungian 
analyst and a priest. 

"Individuation's the Jungian concept 
most clearly related to wholeness. 
Briefly, individuation is the process of 
becoming the people we were intend- 
ed to be— of developing the diverse 
but interrelated aspects of our mind, 
body and spirit. To do this, we must 
overcome psychic and spiritual defi- 
ciencies created by our environment 
and upbringing. Individuation can be 
considered the journey toward the 
True Self. For Christians, the quest of 
the journey is the discovery of the 
Christ within— therefore, to journey 
toward the True Self is to journey to- 
See Wholeness page 10 

The Communicant 

Youth describes convention 

By George Calhoun 

General Convention arrived quickly 
and I was not quite ready. Nonethe- 
less, I managed to get everything ready 
before I boarded the plane for Detroit. 

Our first night there, we gathered 
our delegates and discussed our strate- 
gy. We decided right off that each dele- 
gate should make it clear that, when 
asked questions, he was speaking for 
himself. Secondly, in order to cover as 
much ground as possible we divided 
ourselves between the different com- 
mittees in which we were interested. I 
chose to follow the actions of the edu- 
cation committee and the committee 
on national and international affairs. 
We arranged times to pick up daily 
mail from the dispatch of business of- 
fice. Finally, we dicussed the pro's and 
con's of our first day. The largest con 
being the general disorganization of 
everything in sight. It seemed as though 
the first day had everyone a bit con- 
fused. We were all thankful, however, 
that everyone had arrived safely and 
were looking forward to the rest of 

The second day everyone attended 
the opening service, which included a 
rousing sermon by Bishop Browning. 
Later that day, I briefly sat in on the 
House of Deputies. Hearing was quite 
difficult in the room and it wasn't un- 
til the last few days that I found a 
place where one could hear clearly. 

Later that night I attended my first 
hearing which was an education hear- 
ing. This particular hearing was not 
especially memorable because very 
few "hot" resolutions were up for dis- 
cussion. However, the opportunity to 
view the process of such a hearing 
was helpful. To speak, one had only to 
fill out a simple form and stay within 
a stipulated time limit. Most people 
speaking were lobbying for an idea 
rather than opposing one. An impor- 
tant item that I noted was that the most 
impressive speaker had well-planned- 
out speeches that fit the specified time 
limits. Seeing this, I realized that if I or 
any other youth delegate wanted to 
address an issue we had better have 
our act together ahead of time. 

By the third day my daily schedule 
had taken on some type of form. I 
would get up fairly early to eat break- 
fast and read some of the several con- 
vention news bulletins. The next step 
for me would be either working in the 
church center booth or catching some 
legislative action in the houses. Around 
noon you could find me at my regular 
rendezvous with our dispatch of busi- 
ness man, Mike Jones. After securing 
new information from Mike in the hor- 
rendously large folders which we were 
given, I would take time out for lunch. 
After lunch I had a number of options 
from which to choose, but towards the 
middle of the week it always seemed 
to be naptime for me as well as many 
others. Conventions may seem some- 

what inactive, but they wear you down 
quickly. Refreshed from a nap I, would 
try to get into convention mainstream 
by finding an interesting function to 
attend. If I found nothing of interest I 
would work in the booth until six. From 
dinner time until our meeting we 
would go our ways and often found 
that our paths overlapped at many in- 
teresting committee hearings and social 
functions. Finally we would end each 
day at our nightly meetings. 

Working in the exhibition hall was 
an excellent opportunity to mix with 

George Calhoun 

all of the folk at convention. The na- 
tional church center in New York had 
a booth which we were asked to staff 
since officially we had come under 
their supervision through the educa- 
tion and outreach branch. 

Activities such as the diocesan break- 
fast on July 8th helped me to access the 
general values of the N.C. delegation 
and it seemed that their views were 
fairly similar to my own. This was true 
for some other young people but not 

As a teen and a youth delegate, 
several items were of special interest 
to me. One of these was the resolution 
on the state of youth ministries today, 
the gathering of information and the 
improvement on our rapidly advanc- 
ing youth program. A second item was 
the bishops' pastoral letter on youth. 

In a nutshell, the 69th General Con- 
vention was a great opportunity to see 
the dialogue that actually occurs in this 
church. The process was sometimes 
trying and sometimes just extremely 
boring. Yet it seems that we have found 
a good way, if not the best way, for our 
church to provide itself with leadership 
and guidance. 

If you would like to ask me any 
guestions then feel free to contact me 
at 4211 Pepperidge Drive, Charlotte 
NC, 28226. • 

George Calhoun, of St. John's, Charlotte, 
was a youth delegate to the 69th General 

Pleased with convention 

By Marianne S. Aiken 

"On the whole, we are encouraged," 
was the reaction of the Rev. John R. 
Throop, executive director of Episco- 
palians United, to the events of the De- 
troit General Convention. "I was pleas- 
ed that not much occurred that could 
be sensationalized by the secular press." 

"Of the six issues most crucial to 
Episcopalians United, all were resolv- 
ed satisfactorily, with one possible ex- 
ception, said Throop. Most encourag- 
ing was the overwhelming passage of 
the evangelism initiative intact, a de- 
velopment that I feel will have a posi- 
tive impact on the future of the church 
far beyond what many realize at pre- 
sent." Presiding Bishop Browning urged 
that the split between evangelism and 
social action be erased, and Throop 
feels that with God's help the two can 
go hand in hand, but that we will have 
to be clearer about doctrine and more 
aware that it matters. 

In the resolution on Christian educa- 
tion, Episcopalians United can claim 
credit for the addition of the words, 
"Biblically based." The resolution on 
abortion included an emphatic rejec- 
tion of "abortion for convenience," and 
a more strongly conservative general 
tone, thanks largely to the Noel organi- 
zation, with the support of Episcopa- 
lians United. 

On the sexuality issue, Episcopalians 
United was pleased that Convention 
repudiated the curriculum of the con- 
troversial "Sexuality: a Divine Gift" 
refused to pass (by one vote!) inclusion 
of the "sexual orientation" language in 
the canon on ordination, and did noth- 
ing that could be construed as aban- 
doning traditional standards. 

The position of Episcopalians United 
that the highly divisive issue of women 
in the episcopate needs more time for 
consideration and consultation with oth- 
er branches of the church in general 
prevailed, and the "visiting bishops" 
resolution squeaked by. However, Epis- 

copalians United had urged that the 
proposed "inclusive language" texts not 
be used even experimentally, but ra- 
ther be referred to the Standing Litur- 
gical Commission for further study and 
indeed a complete new start; the referral 
and further study passed, but texts 
will be allowed for optional use begin- 
ning Advent, 1989. 

Throop commented about the Con- 
vention that the lobby for Integrity (the 
homosexual organization) was very vis- 
ible and aggressive, frequently involved 
in testimony on various issues and un- 
failingly emphasizing the legitimacy of 
the homosexual lifestyle. He said he 
believes it is becoming clear the our 
church is experiencing another push 
from another special interest group for 
its own agenda. His view is that their 
very visibility may help alert Episcopa- 
lians that a few very well trained peo- 
ple are trying to get control of the 

Throop sees his organization by con- 
trast, as not the expression of a special 

lobby, but of the fundamental life of 
the Episcopal Church. "All we are do- 
ing is asking the Church to be what it 
is supposed to be, the body of Christ, 
not a political tool for other ends." 

He sees the task of Episcopalians 
United in the immediate future as four- 

1. To work in each diocese to recall 
the church to what it is meant to be. 

2. To educate Episcopalians both as to 
orthdox teaching and the crises we face. 

3. To help in the evangelism initia- 
tive by offering training and printed re- 

4. To work with our seminaries to 
develop ministers with a deep per- 
sonal relationship to Christ, believing 
what the Church teaches and commit- 
ted to evangelism. 

Episcopalians United for Revelation, 
Renewal and Reformation is based in 
Shaker Heights, Ohio. • 

Marianne S. Aiken is a member of St. 
Mary's-by-the-Highway, Eden. 

September 1988 



Forest Management 

By Charles Shade 

A ( -oupi-e months after Roy had joined 
the project, Wilkerson called him into 
his office. 

"Sit down, Roy, this is important." 

Roy sat as Wilkerson leaned back in 
his chair and began speaking. 

"You've been with us long enough 
lhal you may know some of what I'm 
going to say, but bear with me, okay?" 
"Us" was the Yakona-Tallahatchie 
Flood Prevention Project. 

"Roy, this project has been going on 
for more than 30 years. We've planted 
close to a billion trees in this part of 
North Mississippi. A billion. You know 
what our survival rate is?" 

"I know it's high." 

"Ninety percent." 

"That's almost unheard of." 

"Actually, it's a little over ninety. 
We have our methods, my boy, some 
of them going back a long ways. But 
we've done about all we can do, and 
we're ready to wind the project down." 

"That's too bad." 

"Oh no. We've done what we set 
out to do— convinced most landowners 
that only trees will save the land. And 
with their cooperation, we are saving 
it. Some landowners are even turning 
a profit on land that would grow noth- 
ing a few years ago." 

"How about places like that stretch 
out past the river?" Roy was mentioning 
a place he and Wilkerson had looked 
at together: a piece of land criss-crossed 
with gullies deep enough to lose a truck 

"I'm happy to say those are few and 
far between." 

"Still, those gullies looked recent. 
Whoever let that happen ought to be 
prosecuted," Roy said. 

"Oh, they'll learn," Wilkerson said 
with a small smile. "Around here, they 
learn. But listen, Roy, I called you here 
to say we like your work. So much so 
that we're making you the director of 
the project." 

"The project that's being phased out." 

Wilkerson smiled. "That's right— it's 
not a real promotion. You'll be closing 
out this unit over the next six months 
or so. Then you can go back to what I 
hear you call the real forest service." 

"I haven't called it that lately— I like 
the work here," Roy said. 

"Good. Then I'll just turn you loose 
on the assignment. Any questions?" 

Roy thought about it a moment and 
then said, "I still would like a chance 
to inspect the plantation I saw the first 
day I drove in. I told you about that 
amazing stand, didn't I?" 

"Oh I know about it, and it's part 
of the deal. You're going to meet the 
owner tonight." 

"Judging from that plantation and 
those trees, he must be a genius." 

"He's one of a kind, all right, but I'll 
let you see for yourself." 

Roy had thought his eyes were lying 
when he saw those beautiful trees. He 
nearly ran the car off the road at the 
sight of the loblolly pines. It wasn't 
that they stood in such closely ordered 
ranks that they resembled rows of cot- 
ton. The remarkable thing was that he 
saw them with an almost supernatural 
clarity. He felt as if he had experienc- 
ed exactly that scene before, but he 
knew that couldn't be so. The stand of 
conifers stood out from its background, 
almost as if bathed in some kind of 
light without any visible source. Each 
tree, each branch, each needle appear- 
ed sharp and clear. He shook his head, 
but the stand remained strangely vivid. 

Then he was past that plantation 
and was driving by perfectly ordinary 
trees. But Roy had never forgotten his 
vision that day, and he was looking 
forward to meeting the owner of those 
pine trees. 

Roy arrived at the restaurant that 
night to find Wilkerson and a small, 
white-haired man already seated at a 

Wilkerson said, "Roy, meet Dr. Ar- 
thur Cooper, a man who really under- 
stands forest management." 

There was power in the tiny, liver- 
spotted hand as Cooper shook Roy's 
hand. Roy took a seat. 

"Roy," said Cooper, "You're not the 
first Yankee on the project. In fact, 

one of our greatest managers was from 

"I'm glad to hear there was a prece- 
dent," Roy said. 

"He was a real energetic go-getter." 

To Roy, it sounded like in-uh-jet-ik 

Cooper said, "We had a time [tah- 
um) breaking him in. Let's enjoy our 
supper (sup-pah) and then I must show 
you something." 

After the meal, Wilkerson said some 
hurried good-byes and left Roy with 
Cooper in the parking lot. Cooper 
guided him to a pickup truck. 

They climbed in, Cooper making a 
little hop-skip-and-jump to get seated. 
Once out of town, he started talking. 
"Roy, have you hear of poor white 

"Not really, sir." 

"Well, you're a forester— you know 
what trash trees are." 

"Sure. Trees that tend to choke out 
good trees." 


They were tearing along a secondary 
road now. Roy knew the road led to 
the magnificent loblolly pine plantation 
that had been on his mind for so many 

The Communicant 

"We have more problems here than 
erosion, Roy. But we've learned a lot 
from y'all in the Forest Service. Did 
you know we practice integrated pest 
management, just like you folks do?" 

"No, sir, I didn't." 

"Well, we sure do. We adjust plant- 
ing time for optimum growth, we plan 
our harvests for best land management, 
and we replant immediately, or leave 
seed trees to reforest naturally. And 
we use natural pathogens, predators, 
and parasites to control pests. But there 
are times when only a pesticide will 
keep our trees safe. Understand?" 

"Oh, yes sir." 

Cooper tapped Roy's knee with his 
small fist. "There are people who are 
unconvinced about our way. People 
who start forest fires, who spike trees 
we're about to harvest . . . bad people, 
Roy. Trash." 

Cooper had slowed to a crawl, creep- 
ing along the narrow dirt road as quietly 
as the truck would go. Then he turned 
the headlights out and drove in dark- 
ness for a quarter-mile or so. Finally, 
he eased to a stop and put his finger to 
his lips for silence. 

The dark surrounded them, the 
blackness of the night forest closed in. 
After a moment, Cooper stepped out 
and silently motioned Roy to follow. 
Without a sound, Cooper moved to 
the rear of the truck and lifted out a 
gallon can. He took Roy's elbow and 
guided him as they walked softly over 
the carpet of pine needles. 

No light was needed to tell Roy they 
were in the plantation he had thought 
about so often— the evenly spaced 
trees, the stout, healthy boles of magni- 
ficent conifers. 

He heard voices in the direction 
Cooper was leading him. 

Then Roy saw them: two shapes 
flickering in the rays of a hooded light. 
One man was leaning against a tree, 

holding a flashlight with fingers splay- 
ed over the lens. The other took some- 
thing from a pocket— a steel spike that 
threw a gleam in the meager light. 
The figure touched a tree with it, while 
his other hand lifted a barely discerni- 
ble hammer in his clinched fist. The 
hammer was poised. 

No blow was struck. 

Roy heard a grunt. Then another. The 
two figues froze as if petrified. 

"We can talk now, Roy," Cooper 
said in a normal voice that shattered 
the preternatural silence. 

The doctor pulled his own flashlight 
from his hip pocket and trained it on 
the two figures. Roy gasped, could 
hardly draw a breath. 

Where the men touched the tree, 
tentacles of bark— brown, knobby 
bark— encapsulated their hands and 
wrists. For a moment they looked as if 
they were pulling at the tree with hands 
of gnarled wood. Even as he watched, 
the bark grew out the arms and up the 
legs, twisting, crinkling, engulfing, out 
to the hips, the shoulders, and finally 
. . . the heads, until there were no men 
there at all, just woody excrescencies 
of the tree. 

"I suppose you've heard a lot of 
nonsense about the Druids, Roy," Dr. 
Cooper said in a conversational tone. 
"Stonehenge and all that. Pure rubbish. 
We've never been concerned with any- 
thing but trees— the spirits, the good- 
ness of trees." 

He began sloshing the contents of 
the can over the gruesome misshapen 
standing lumps. "And we've kept up 
to date, too. When needed, there's noth- 
ing like a modern herbicide to keep 
the trash out of a good stand of trees. 

"C'mon, boy. Time we got back for a 
little bourbon and branch water. Don't 
stand there like a bump on a log." • 

Charles Shade is a Durham writer. 

Clergy changes 

Ordained: the Rev. Vicki S. Wesen, 
rector of Emmanuel and vicar of All 
Saints, Warrenton, and Good Shepherd, 
Ridgeway; the Rev. Charles Parthum, 
Christ Church, Raleigh, priest; the Rev. 
Jane Bruce, Good Shepherd, Rocky 
Mount, priest; the Rev. Virginia Herring, 
Charlotte, deacon; the Rev. Ed Pickup, 
St. Mary's, High Point, deacon. 

Into the diocese: the Rev. Ralph Ed- 
ward Macy, interim rector, Holy 
Family, Chapel Hill; the Rev. Edwin 
H. Voorhees, Jr., from vicar to rector 
at St. John's, Wake Forest; the Rev. 

Catherine R. Powell, from the Diocese 
of Washington; the Rev. Ned Bailey, 
from Pennsylvania to vicar of Good 
Shepherd, Cooleemee and Ascension, 
Fork; the Rev. G. Markis House, from 
rector, Christ Church, Rocky Mount, 
to rector, St. Andrew's, Charlotte; the 
Rev. E. Boyd Coarsey, from the Dio- 
cese of Southeast Florida; the Rev. J. 
Stephen Freeman, from St. George's 
Anderson, to part-time assistant rector, 
St. Stephen's, Durham; the Rev. Keith 
Mathews, rector, Trinity, Scotland 
Neck; the Rev. Grayson Clary, part- 
time vicar, St. Mary Magdalene, Troy; 

the Rev. Thomas Ehrich, rector, St. 
Martin's, Charlotte; the Rev. Theodore 
Weatherly, part-time vicar, St. Mat- 
thew's, Kernersville. 

Out of the diocese: the Rev. Bob 
Cathers, from rector, Trinity, Mount 
Airy, to Diocese of Southwest Florida; 
the Rev. Julian A. Cave, Jr., from resi- 
dent of diocese to Diocese of East Caro- 
lina; the Rev. Robert Henley, from non- 
parochial to Diocese of Western North 
Carolina; the Rev. Lise Hildebrandt, to 
the Diocese of Pittsburgh; the Rev. 
Paul Tunkle, from St. Luke's, Salisbury, 

to Diocese of New Jersey; the Rev. Gary 
Gamett, non-parochial, to the Diocese 
of Atlanta; the Rev. Gary Fulton, from 
rector, Holy Family, Chapel Hill, to St. 
Thomas', Bath; the Rev. Ira Johnson, 
from rector, St. Stephen's, Winston- 
Salem, to the Diocese of Maryland; the 
Rev. Gary Cline, from vicar, Trinity, 
Fuquay-Varina to Grace Church, The 
Plains, Va. 

Other: the Rev. Keith Reeve, from in- 
terim rector, Trinity, Scotland Neck, to 
non-parochial; the Rev. William Grif- 
fin, deceased July 15, 1988. 

September 1988 

Church names' meanings 

By Frank Qrubbs 

The following is a listing of diocesan 
church names and their meanings. Are 
you familiar with the names of the 
other churches in the diocese? 

The five most numerous church 
names in the diocese are: 1. St. Paul's. 
2. Christ Church. 3. Good Shepherd/St. 
Luke's/ St. Mark's (tie). 4. St. Stephen's/ 
St. John's. 5. St. Christopher's/St. 

Christ Church, Emmanuel, Good 
Shepherd, Redeemer, Saviour and 
Messiah all are titles which honor our 

Holy Comforter and Holy Spirit refer 
to the power of the Holy Spirit in our 

All Souls' and All Saints' both honor 
all the departed faithful who rest in 

Chapel of the Cross originally meant 
a chapel displaying a piece of the True 
Cross. Today the name recalls the 

Holy Family honors the memory of 
Mary, Joseph and the young Jesus. 

Chapel of Hope refers to the resur- 
rection and salvation. 

Epiphany recalls the first manifesta- 
tion of Christ to the Gentiles (the Wise 

Advent refers to the first coming of 

Trinity honors the heavenly trium- 
virate: the Father, the Son and the Ho- 
ly Spirit. 

Holy Innocents' remembers the 
children killed by Herod the Great at 
Bethlehem shortly after Christ's birth. 

Ephphatha recalls the word used by 
Christ to heal a deaf mute and Christ's 
healing power in our lives. 

Grace reminds us of God's free gift 
of salvation. 

Nativity honors Christ's wonderous 

Calvary recalls Christ's suffering, cru- 
cifixion and atonement. 

Galloway Memorial was begun by 
the Galloway family of Elkin in honor 
of Col. Alexander Galloway, a faithful 

St. Mark's honors the companion of 
St. Peter and St. Paul. He reportedly 
wrote down Peter's words and was 
Bishop of Alexandria, Egypt. His relics 
are in St. Mark's Cathedral in Venice. 

St. Matthew, the disciple and Gospel 
writer, reportedly was martyred in 

St. James, a disciple, was first Bish- 
op of Jerusalem and was beheaded by 
Herod Agrippa. St. James the Younger, 
writer of the Gospel and also a disciple, 
is supposed to have been crucified in 
Egypt or thrown from a tower in Jeru- 
salem. (Which James is your church 
named after?! 


Christ and sometimes to the second 

Ascension recalls the ascension of 
Christ into Heaven and, later, all the 

St. Elizabeth was the cousin of Mary 
and mother of John the Baptist. 

St. David was a 6th century abbot 
who performed miracles; he is also the 
patron saint of Wales. 

St. Anna was the Hebrew woman 
who hailed Jesus as the Holy One at 
his presentation in the temple. 

St. Matthias was elected a disciple to 
replace Judas and was later martyred. 

St. Cyprian was the 3rd century 
Bishop of Carthage and defender of 
the orthodoxy. 

St. Bartholomew, a disciple, went to 
northern India and was flayed to death 
in Armenia. (Benjamin Franklin work- 
ed in London's ancient Church of St. 

St. Ambrose was the 4th century 
Bishop of Milan and was famous for 
his hymns. 

St. Augustine of Hippo was the au- 
thor of The City of Cod. St. Augustine 
of Canterbury was the first Bishop of 

St. Timothy, companion of St. Paul, 
was the first Bishop of Ephesus and 
was martyred. 

St. Mary Magdalene, one of Christ's 
closest friends, was healed by him. 
She was one of the women at the tomb 
and is reported to have been martyred 
in southern France. 

St. Anne was the mother of Mary 
and is the saint of childbirth. (She is 
not mentioned in the Bible.) 

St. George was a Christian Roman 
soldier who preached in Asia Minor and 
was martyred. He is the patron saint 
of England. 

St. Peter was the leader of the disci- 
ples. He was crucified upside down in 
Rome in Nero's circus, located on the 
present site of the Vatican. 

St. Clement was the first Roman pope 
and was martyred. 

St. Alban was the first Christian mar- 
tyr of England. His grave lies beneath 
St. Alban's Cathedral, north of London. 

St. Joseph's honors the husband of 

St. Luke was the companion of Paul, 
author of a Gospel, a Gentile, a physi- 
cian and a martyr. 

St. Philip the Disciple was martyred 
in Phrygia in Asia Minor. 

St. Stephen was a deacon of the first 
church. He was stoned to death and 
became the first Christian martyr. 

St. Titus was a companion of Paul 
and Bishop of Crete. 

St. Mary, "Our Lady" was the moth- 
er of Christ. 

St. Barnabas traveled with Paul and 
Mark and was martyred on Cyprus. 

St. Francis is the patron saint of 
animals. He is buried in the cathedral 
in his hometown of Assisi, Italy. 

St. John, "the beloved disciple," is 
the only disciple not martyred. He was 
exiled to Patmos, where he is suppos- 
ed to have written Revelations. He 
died in Ephesus. 

St. Athanasius was the 4th century 
Patriarch of Alexandria and a defender 
of orthodoxy. 

St. Paul, the greatest early Christian 


theologian and missionary, was be- 
headed outside Rome. He is buried un- 
der St. Paul-Outside-the-Walls. Italian 
tradition has it that his severed head 
bounced three times, and three chapels 
were constructed on those spots. 

St. Andrew was the brother of Peter 
and a missionary to Turkey, Russia 
and Greece. He was crucified on a 
cross shaped like an X. 

St. Christopher was a figure of the 
3rd century. He was a giant who suppo- 
sedly carried the Christ Child through 
a flood. Martyred in Asia Minor, Christo- 
pher is considered the patron saint of 
travelers, although the Roman Catholic 
Church is unsure of his status. 

St. Margaret was a 3rd century Chris- 
tian who lived in Antioch. She was 
either martyred by decapitation or was 
eaten by a beast. 

St. Martin lived near Tours, France, 
and was a pacifist monk who gave his 
cloak to a beggar. His symbol is a cloak. 

St. Michael is God's warrior, con- 
queror of Satan and an archangel. His 
symbol is a sword. 

St. Thomas the Disciple doubted the 
Resurrection. He became a missionary 
to India, where he was killed by a 
flight of arrows while at prayer. 

Transfiguration honors the manifes- 
tation of Christ in the Garden of Geth- 
semane before the Crucifixion. • 

Frank Grubbs is historiographer of the 
diocese and a communicant of St. Paul's, 


The Communicant 




New English Bible is worthy 

By Richard A. Henshaw 

In 1947 a group of English churchmen 
set up a committee to undertake a 
completely new translation of the Bi- 
ble, including the Apocrypha. The 
readership they envisioned was one 
that "had no effective contact with the 
Church," to whom older-type transla- 
tions "had an air of unreality," and 
young people for whom they hoped 
the Bible might become contemporary. 

The panel, appointed by the church- 
es and chaired by learned bishops, 
consisted mostly of university scholars, 
though representing a wide range. 
They were conscious of the foibles of 
past groups who used words no longer 
in the language, and phrases that had 
"hallowed associations" but no sense of 
reality. To counteract this, a Panel of 
Literary Advisors was appointed, peo- 
ple who were not experts in biblical 
languages but who had a good literary 
style, who then went over the work of 
the translators. 

This Bible, the New English Bible, 
has been overwhelmingly accepted by 
the British, and the wider English- 
speaking world. Millions of copies 
have been sold of the New Testament, 
which came out in 1961 under the bril- 
liant leadership of C.H. Dodd, professor 
at Cambridge University, and author 
of many commentaries. 

The Old Testament is more difficult 
to translate than the New, and has a 
much wider variety of literary forms. 
It was finished by 1970, under the con- 
venorship of Godfrey R. Driver of Ox- 
ford University together with a slightly 
revised edition of the 1961 New Testa- 
ment. Those of us who were sent pa- 
perback copies of the 1961 New Testa- 
ment were asked to comment upon it, 
and these inputs were taken into ac- 
count in the new edition. 

When something new like this pro- 
ject goes out to such a diverse public, 
there are bound to be strong feelings 
pro and con. To begin with, the at- 
tempt to put the Bible into contem- 
porary English is impossible. Whose 
English is to be used? The British them 

selves use a number of separate dialects, 
idioms and spellings. C.H. Dodd tells 
an amusing tale of the search for a 
contemporary way of putting the term 
"the fatted calf" in the Prodigal Son story 
in Luke 15:11-32. He went to his butch- 
er for a modern English term. "Well, 
gov'n'r, the butcher said, we call that 
by the old-fashioned words 'fatted calf.'" 
So a 400-year-old term is still being 

Address to God in Elizabethan "thee" 
and "thou" was thought inconsistent 
with contemporary language, but it was 
desirable to use a term of respect. So 
the compromise: "You" was said in ad- 
dressing the Deity, "Thou" in praying 

to the Deity. Another difficult problem 
relates to the very nature of biblical 
literature itself. It is couched in high- 
level prose and poetry, and the power 
and beauty of the message often reside 
in the very ambiguity of the phraseology. 
The earlier Bible translators felt this 
and retained these ambiguities, but the 
NEB tends to make everything clear. 
The first few verses of the Gospel 
according to John would be an exam- 
ple of this. The first verse would read 
literally: "In beginning was the logos, 
and the logos was with (or, towards) 
God, and God was the logos." This is 
beautifully ambiguous, yet we find 
that the NEB's translation "and what 

God was, the Word was" does not 
carry the several levels of meaning of 
the original; it is too definite. Further- 
more, the Greek does not say that. 
Have the translators made a conscious 
effort to be different from past versions? 
If so, that is not a sufficient policy to 
govern a translation. 

The NEB has been criticized for idio- 
syncratic decisions in many cases. The 
Hebrew of Psalm 34:10 has "young 
lions are in want and are hungry." The 
NEB has "unbelievers . . ." This is bas- 
ed on the choice of an Arabic cognate, 
not taking into account the idea that 
animal names are used metaphorically 
in the Old Testament. We suspect that 
this decision was made by the chair- 
man, G.R. Driver, who has a penchant 
for such. 

In the Cain and Abel story, Cain 
rose up in a complex of emotions and 
slew his brother Abel. He is warned 
by God in a poem (Genesis 4:7), the 
NEB saying: "Sin is a demon crouching 
at the door." Admittedly there is some 
inexplicable grammar in this text (some 
would call it corrupt), but there is no 
excuse for conjuring up a demon which 
is not in the original. We have enough 
problems with deranged people who 
think they are demons without giving 
them biblical backing. Maybe these con- 
troversial decisions are the price we 
have to pay for such an imaginatively 
translated Bible as the NEB. Maybe a 
revision will modify the extremes of 
what they have done; this has already 
happened in the 1970 revision of the 
New Testament. 

So, though we might fault this new 
Bible for not following the original text 
in spots, and for choosing clauses which 
do not soothe our poetic spirits as the 
older versions did, it represents a power- 
ful effort to make the Bible accessible 
for today's person. It is well worth a 
place in our libraries. • 

This is the third in an eight-part series on 
translations of the Bible. The Rev. Richard 
A. Henshaw is professor of Old Testament 
at Colgate-Rochester Divinity School/Bex- 
ley Hall/Crozer Theological Seminary in 
Rochester, N.Y. 

Coming in October 

Sunlight and Shadow at Lambeth: Palaces, prayer, pomp, 
polygamists and cries of "Satanic" women's ordination. Is the Angli- 
can Communion stronger or weaker after this summer's meeting at 

Auden and the Prayer Book: What Auden, the poet of the Age 
of Anxiety, thought about Prayer Book revision. Plus an explanation 
of why it takes time for speech to become filled with meaning. 

Hollywood's latest tango with Christ: Did the Devil make Mar- 
tin Scorcese film "The Last Temptation"? And is it thumbs-up or 
thumbs-down for a movie showing a questioning, faltering Jesus? 

Rapture: "Even though I knew Hell was my ultimate home, I 
wasn't sufficiently scared to grovel at the altar." Author Suzanne 
Britt Jordan recalls the fateful summer she found Jesus and landed 
a cute guy, too. 

September 1988 

ACTS Facts: 

Work begun on youth addition 

By Gail Doucette Wojton 

"The Diocese is sending an unmistak- 
able signal to its young people that we 
love you, we care for you. The youth 
facility at Browns Summit will be a place 
that is uniquely theirs. It's an exciting, 
upbeat place that will meet the young 
people where they are, and coming 
from an 'old man' that's saying some- 
thing." That's how Emmett Sebrell sees 
the youth facility at the Conference Cen- 
ter at Browns Summit, construction of 
which will begin this month. 

Emmett Sebrell ought to know. He 
was on the first board of directors of 
the Conference Center, oversaw the con- 
struction of the present buildings and 
will do it again as vice chairman and 
executive vice president of McDevitt 
and Street, who have contracted to 
build the youth facility. 

The facility is first in line for the 
funds now being raised by the ACTS 
campaign of the diocese. Since $5 mil- 
lion has already been pledged, the board 
of directors of the Conference Center 
have been given the go-ahead to com- 
plete design development and obtain 
estimates from subcontractors to fix the 
final cost. "On September 22, the board 
will have one more meeting, to decide 
if we must take something out of the 
plans because of cost constraints," says 
Bob Darst, chairman of the building 

committee. Then they will execute the 
contract and break ground for anticipat- 
ed occupancy in the summer of 1989. 

"It was a long time getting to this point," 
says Darst. "We have gone through the 
laborious process of revalidating the or- 
ginal plans shown in the ACTS campaign 
literature, which had been drawn five 
years ago. We asked ourselves, what 
do we know today that we didn't know 
five years ago? Then we sat down to- 
gether and took the schematics drawn 
five years ago, tore them apart and laid 
them out totally differently, to try to 
meet our current need and be more cost- 

The members of the building com- 
mittee include Darst, Larry Tomlinson, 
Rose Flannagan, Fred Warnecke, Vic 
Mansfield and Bishop Robert Estill. 

With the commitment for the esti- 
mated $2.9 million in hand, the build- 
ing committee met in April with the ar- 
chitects of the original plans, Cooper- 
Lecky of Washington, D.C. , and with the 
people who run the Conference Cen- 
ter—Executive Director Dick Hord, Phil 
Whitacre, Betty Brown, Bob Nordbruck 
and Brenda Purcell— and those who 
would use it, represented by the youth 
coordinator of the diocese, Frances. 
Payne, and Harrison Simons, rector of 
St. Stephen's and St. Cyprian's in Ox- 
ford, who offered input on the variety 
of possible diocesan uses. 

"We are extremely fortunate in our 

choice of architects and general con- 
tractor," Darst admits. Cooper-Lecky 
has designed numerous conference cen- 
ters, including Trinity at Emerald Isle 
for the Diocese of East Carolina, and 
Rosland in Virginia. McDevitt and Street 
had the advantage of experience, hav- 
ing built the present facilities, and the 
good fortune of having Emmett Sebrell. 

"We wanted a plan which would 
give us the tools and facilities to enhance 
our ability to serve the young people in 
a multitude of ways," says Dick Hord, 
"from large conferences to EYC's coming 
here for retreats, from summer camping 
programs to camping for the handicap- 
ped." But they wanted it "nice enough 
for adults" to use when no youth acti- 
vities were scheduled. 

Another consideration was serving 
other denominations and organizations 
as a means of outreach, which would 
spread the cost and enable diocesan 
groups to use the facilities at a lesser 
rate. "I think we're going to see more 
and more shared facilities," says Dick 
Hord. "I've observed over the years that 
when we serve a mix of secular and 
religious groups this 'cross-fertilization' 
if you will is an invigorating way of 
ministering to the world."— 

What Cooper-Lecky ultimately de- 
signed is "a unigue structure that mys- 
tified me at first," admits Dick Hord, 
"but the kids are really excited about 
it. It offers creative ways to deal with 

our needs within our budget." 

"The youth cluster is going to be 
fabulous," says Bob Darst. "First of all 
there will be a circular building for 
meeting to accommodate up to 120. 
Downstairs, around a central fireplace 
there will be a softly carpeted floor for 
the kids to throw down their sleeping 
bags when we have extra-large 

The dorms will sleep 96 in groups of 
8. "This is the most exciting concept," 
says Bob Darst. "There will be 12 build- 
ings wandering through the woods in 
most definitely not a straight line. There 
will be porches to 'hang out' and you 
can even walk underneath them at 

The activities building will be large 
enough for a complete basketball court, 
maintenance and storage, and chang- 
ing rooms for the adjacent pool. 

Sebrell credits the team approach to 
construction for the harmony of the 
final design. "Every side has a chance 
to give his expression: the architect is 
concerned with the beauty of the place, 
the contractor with its practicality, and 
the owner that his needs will be met. 
Everyone contributes, and everyone 
benefits." ~ 

"Now we're ready to go to work!" • 

Gail Doucette Wojton is a Raleigh writer 
and a communicant of Church of the Na- 

Wholeness / from page 4 

ward holiness and wholeness. 

Each of us has a unique True Self. It 
follows then that every journey is uni- 
que, and that every person will have a 
somewhat different view of wholeness. 
Annette Cullipher speaks of discover- 
ing "those parts of myself that I had 
not known . . . and just blossoming, 
becoming, growing." Her husband 
Jim finds it "the process of coming in 
to an experience more and more of 
the relationship with God, and that 
relationship being the path of whole- 

Jungian analyst Richard Stein spoke 
at the most recent wholeness con- 
ference at Kanuga, calling wholeness 
"living a full life in the world with an 
orientation towards living it conscious- 
ly .. . and then just taking the pro- 
blems of life as they come." It's a pro- 
cess, not a goal, Stein says. In fact, he 
asserts, "If you set it up as a goal, it's 

Marion Woodman agrees. "Jung says 
that when you're on the path, you're 
at the goal," says the Jungian analyst 
and writer. In other words, it is more 
important to live life as a journey to- 

ward wholeness than to affix wholeness 
as a goal that must be won. In Christian 
terms, it's beyond most of us to become 
truly Christlike; it is more productive 
to see ourselves as good followers on 
the pathway of Christ. 

The question immediately rises as to 
the relative balance of psychology and 
spirit in the journey toward wholeness. 
The Culliphers take a specifically Chris- 
tian view of wholeness, with Annette 
adding, "It's one journey." Stein, while 
noting that Jung talked primarily of 
psychological wholeness, says that the 
quest "inevitably leads the individual 
into spiritual questioning." The spiritual 
component, he says, may take the form 
of Christianity or Eastern religions or 
some other spiritual system. Stein also 
makes the interesting point that a per- 
son's journey need not be inner and 
may focus, for example, on art, social 
action, science or philosophy. 

The Journey into Wholeness con- 
ferences encompass diverse activities. 
There are lectures on psychological and 
spiritual issues and workshops on such 
varied activities as creative writing, 
mask-making and music. 

Here's an example of what can hap- 
pen: A workshop leader asked a group 

of 20 to listen without preconceptions 
to a three-minute selection of classical 
music. Afterward, everyone talked 
about the feelings generated by the 
music. This simple exercise had com- 
plex results. One man, a former Army 
chaplain, reported a sense of relief and 
peace about his adopted Vietnamese 
child, who had died 20 years earlier in 
a bombing raid. This experience wasn't 
typical, but many in the group reported 
seeing new perspectives on old situa- 
tions. Clearly, the music allowed some 
to re-experience the past in a new way 
and, by doing so, to encourage the heal- 
ing of old wounds, one step in the jour- 
ney toward wholeness. 

Another question that may rise is 
whether this journey is necessary. Isn't 
the evidence of our eyes that most peo- 
ple are in fact "whole?" 

On the surface perhaps. On the sur- 
face, it is easy to say: "Of course I'm 
whole. I keep my body and mind and 
spirit together." But probe to a deeper 
level and it becomes apparent that true 
wholeness is a very complex thing. If 
we look deeply into ourselves, we may 
discover old wounds. And the question 
becomes one of bringing the dark areas 
of our lives into the light. A deep look 

makes it clear how difficult it is— in this 
age of radical fragmentation— to live 
lives that are spiritually and psycholog- 
ically healthy. 

To all these questions, the wholeness 
conference offers a pathway to follow. 
It does not offer a state to be acquired. 
The Jungian thought is that we need to 
be honest about our weaknesses— the 
less-than-perfect parts of our psyches— 
so we can accept them as part of our 

The journey may appear to be a 
never-ending process. It is. But this is 
okay. Because the journey is as impor- 
tant as the goal, we journeyers toward 
wholeness can relax and concentrate 
on the here-and-now, instead of the 
distant future. 

The journey is endless and sometimes 
difficult. But it is not joyless, for joy is 
a dimension of wholeness. To be jour- 
neying toward wholeness— that is, to- 
ward holiness— is to be journeying to- 
ward joy, and with joy. 

For information on Journey into 
Wholeness, contact: James or Annette 
Cullipher, 21 Windemere Dr., Green- 
ville, SC 29615; 803-268-3947. • 

Ralph Earle is a Chatham County writer. 


The .Cqmmuni c ,a nt 

Bishop's letter 

Dear Friends, 

For me, the two great services in 
Canterbury Cathedral were the "book- 
ends" which held up the most signifi- 
cant aspect of the Lambeth Conference. 
That was the experience of living with 
bishops from 27 self-governing prov- 
inces of the Anglican Communion span- 
ning 164 countries. The simultaneous 
translation of our sessions into French, 
Spanish, Japanese and Swahili was the 
sign of our diversity. 

That diversity was evident at the 
opening service as the long procession 
moved into the cathedral. Three weeks 
later, the unity we have as we (no 
longer strange to one another) called out 
good-byes and as new friends departed 
to the corners of the earth was just as 
evident. Some, like our roommates 
from the Sudan, were returning to fam- 
ine and hardship; others would return 
to political upheaval and danger; and 
still others would tour Europe, "do" Lon- 
don or Paris and (a very few) cruise 
away in luxury. 

Still, the overriding achievements of 
Lambeth, in my opinion, were the in- 
teractions and the relationships which 
developed on a worldwide basis. 

Certainly the issue of women's or- 

dination—and the possibilities of what 
will happen when a woman becomes 
a bishop— caught the public eye and 
demanded our time and energy. Vari- 
ous resolutions which touched on sensi- 
tive issues such as terrorism, sanctions, 
polygamy, sexuality and abortion, were 
debated and passed. Learned lecturers 
were heard and appreciated, small Bi- 
ble studies and group discussions were 
held and contributed to our getting to 
know each other; and worship, com- 
mon meals and free time were impor- 
tant, too. 

I hope the reports from the four sec- 
tions will be read and used for further 
study and reference. Ecumenical rela- 
tions, dogmatic and pastoral concerns, 
mission and ministry and Christianity 
and the social order were the areas of 
study, and the reports were made 
around those areas and are to be in print 
early in September. 

Addresses were made by the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, Dr. Robert 
Runcie; the Rev. Emelio Castro, gen- 
eral secretary of the World Council of 
Churches; the Rt. Rev. John Zizioulas, 
Metropolitan of Pergamos; the Rev. Fr. 
Pierre Duprey, secretary of the Secre- 
tariat for Promoting Christian Unity 
(Roman Catholic); Elizabeth Templeton, 

formerly on the divinity school faculty 
at the University of Edinburgh (and 
one of the best and most interesting); 
the Rev. Owen Chadwick of Cam- 
bridge University; the Rev. Gustavo 
Gutierrez, pastor/theologian at Catholic 
University, Lima, Peru; the Most Rev. 
Keith Rayner, Archbishop of Adelaide. 
Responding to Archbishop Rayner's ad- 
dress were: Professor Rowan Williams 
of Oxford University and the Rev. S. 
J. Samartha, of the United Theological 
College, Bangalore. 

Presentations were made on evangel- 
ization and culture by Bishops Bashir 
Jiwan of Hyderabad, David Jenkins of 
Durham and David Gitari of Mount 
Kenya East. Archbishop Desmond 
Tutu, surely the "star" of the Anglican 
Communion, gave three powerful med- 
itations, and our own presiding bishop, 
Edmond Browning, preached at the final 
Eucharist. So, we did a lot of listening 
as well as talking, and those addresses 
and sermons will be available, too. 

Surely the high point in the social 
calendar was our visit (525 bishops 
and 400 wives) to Buckingham Palace 
and our opportunity to be presented to 
the queen and members of the royal 
family. Her Royal Majesty was most 
generous in moving among us for two 

hours, along with Prince Phillip, Prince 
Charles, Princess Diana and Princess 
Margaret. Joyce Estill and Ann Vest 
were resplendent in their big hats and 
white gloves, while Bishop Vest and I 
joined the sea of purple in our cassocks. 
Just the thing to meet a queen! 

I cannot believe that the spirit which 
bound us together for those three 
weeks at Lambeth will desert us as we 
go home. We may need to call on all 
our resources of patience and under- 
standing, particularly over the ordina- 
tion of a woman to the episcopate, but 
the unity we felt came from the power 
beyond us which will, I believe, contin- 
ue to bind us together. 

Robert W. Estill 

Cover: Outside St. Paul's Cathedral, 
Bishop Robert Estill talks horses with 
a London policeman. Asked about his 
interest in horses, the bishop said, "I 
was born and raised in Kentucky, and 
I think that should explain it." 

Suffragan Bishop's letter 

Dear Friends in Christ, 

Once every 10 years since 1867, bish- 
ops of the Anglican Communion have 
gathered in England for the Lambeth 
Conference. The Estills, the Vests and 
John Justice have just returned from 
the 12th Lambeth Conference, which 
met July 16-Aug. 7 in Canterbury. 

Your bishops joined 523 other bish- 
ops representing 70 million Anglicans 
from the 27 provinces of the Anglican 
Communion and encompassing 164 
countries. Ann and Joyce joined 450 
other spouses for their own confer- 
ence; John Justice was part of the com- 
munications team. 

For study and resolutions, we were 
divided into four areas: pastoral and 
dogmatic, ministry, ecumenism, and 
Christianity and the social order. Bish- 
op Estill was in the ministry group, and 
I was in Christianity and the social or- 
der. We were further divided into 
about 50 groups of approximately 10 
bishops for Bible study. 

It was an extraordinary experience, 
and like most extraordinary experi- 
ences, very difficult to communicate. 
We are going to attempt to communi- 
cate this experience at three meetings 
around the diocese later in Septem- 
ber. What I would like to do in this let- 
ter is share with you some of the high- 


The worship was rich, well-done 
and full of integrity— whether we were 
praying together in our small groups 
or gathered in the majesty of Canter- 
bury Cathedral. Being together as 
bishops of the Anglican Communion 
gave us a sense of rootedness and con- 
nectedness both to one another, and to 
our rich heritage. The Archbishop of 
Canterbury, Dr. Robert Runcie, chaired 
our gatherings with grace, humor, great 
dignity and skill. (He is not a "Pope," 
but he is a tremendous "First Among 
Equals.") The day in London was quite 
a day: morning worship at St. Paul's 
Cathedral, lunch at Lambeth Palace and 
a late-afternoon garden party at Bucking- 
ham Palace. We may have thought we 
were fairly blase about royally, but you 
should have seen all those tongue-tied 
Americans, when they came face to 
face with the royal family. 

I can't describe to you how power- 
ful it was to attend a performance of 
T.S. Eliot's "Murder in the Cathedral" 
in the undercroft of that very cathedral 
in which Thomas a Becket was mar- 
tyred in 1170. 

The plenary sessions in which we 
heard some outstanding presentations, 
and in which we discussed and debated 
resolutions for a full week, were an 
experience in the world-wide nature of 

the church, and an instruction to me 
that we are indeed one family on a 
very small planet. (There were transla- 
tions in Japanese, Spanish, French and 

The Third World came alive for me 
in a way that it never has before. In 
my small group, there were a bishop 
from West Africa, the Archbishop of 
the Sudan and a bishop from the Nor- 
thern Philippines. The agony and the 
deprivation that these people work 
with daily is beyond description— and 
their witness to me was a most com- 
pelling testimony to the power of the 
Gospel. I will never again pray the 
Anglican Cycle of Prayer in quite the 
same way— it is now incarnate and 

The daily Bible study was rich with 
the experience and the insights of "the 
nations"— our small group spent three 
weeks working on John 13-16. 

The resolutions which we passed 
are, I think, very important. They car- 
ry no legislative weight for any of the 
27 provinces, but they do have the au- 
thority of representing the collective 
thinking of the bishops of the Anglican 

We discovered that although we are 
diverse in our cultures, opinions and 
priorities, we nevertheless hold together 
in the unity which comes from know- 

ing Jesus as the Lord over all. Paul's re- 
minder that in Christ there is "neither 
Jew nor Greek, slave nor free, male 
nor female," came to life with thrilling 

One of the most moving of all the 
experiences occurred on the next-to- 
last day of the conference. On August 
6— the Feast of the Transfiguration and 
the 43rd anniversary of Hiroshima— we 
all gathered in the late afternoon for a 
Service of Light led by the bishops of 
the Japanese Church. Immediately af- 
terward, the Japanese bishops presided 
in the planting of a "tree of life." Join- 
ing them were the primates of all the 
churches of countries which had been 
involved in World War II. That was a 
powerful symbol and sacrament— a 
reminder that it is only through the 
Prince of Peace that this world of ours 
will ever know any kind of healing and 

All of us who went want to thank 
all of you for making that kind of ex- 
perience available to us. Our fervent 
prayer is that we might be able to bring 
something of the power of Lambeth 
'88 into the life of this diocese. 

Frank H. Vest, Jr. 

September 1988 


3" 3 





Vol. 79, No. 6 

The Newspaper of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 

October 1988 

"A fresh wind is indeed blowing" 

New York (DPS)— The first woman 
bishop in the Anglican Communion 
has been elected. 

The Rev. Barbara C. Harris, 58, was 
elected Suffragan Bishop of Massachu- 
setts on Sept. 24. She was elected on 
the eighth ballot. Needing 129 clergy 
and 126 votes to win, she got 145 of 
the former and 131 of the latter. The 
runnerup, with 108 clergy and 116 lay 
votes, was the Rev. Marshall W. Hunt, 
rector of St. Anne's, Lowell, Mass. 

Harris' election must now be ratified 
by a majority of the House of Bishops 
and a majority of the 118 diocesan 
standing committees. 

Harris is interim priest at the Church 
of the Advocate in Philadelphia and ex- 
ecutive director of the Episcopal Church 
Publishing Co. 

In nominating Harris, the Rev. Mary 
Glasspool emphasized Harris' 30 years 
in the business community, her parish 
service as a deacon and priest and her 
work with diverse church group on 
diocesan and national levels. 

"She may at times make us uncom- 
fortable about the way things are," 
Glasspool said, "but that is precisely 
what Jesus did. He made the religious 
people of his time uncomfortable and 
when they responded to his vision, 
they did so by changing their lives." 
Glasspool is rector of St. Luke's and St. 
Margaret's, Boston. 

Glasspool also said the Diocese of 
Massachusetts had "the rare opportu- 
nity to be the first, with the blessing of 
God's Holy Spirit, to realize unity in 
diversity, thereby moving us all closer 
to the reign of God." Massachusetts 
has the most members of any Episco- 
pal diocese. 

In a prepared statement, Harris said 
she was "deeply honored" by her elec- 
tion and added: 

"The significance of this election 
must be seen in its proper context, 
which is far broader than any atten- 
tion that may be focused on me as an 
individual. It marks a historic moment 
for the Diocese of Massachusetts, the 
Episcopal Church in the United States, 
and the worldwide Anglican Commu- 
nion, as it speaks to inclusiveness in 
all orders of the Church's ordained 
ministry— deacons, priests, and now 

In a sermon on the Sunday after her 
election, Harris told her congregation 
at the Church of the Advocate that "A 
fresh wind is indeed blowing. For some 
they are refreshing breezes. For others 
they are as fearsome as a hurricane." 

Bishop David Johnson of Massachu- 
setts took the election results to Harris. 
She let out a "deep gasp of incredulity" 

The Rev. Barbara Harris 

when told she had been elected, John- 
son said. He also said that he doesn't 
anticipate any splits in the diocese be- 
cause of a woman bishop. 

Johnson asked Harris supporters to 
"be sensitive to the feelings of others," 
and added, "The Communion is repre- 
sented in this family in all its diversity. 
Unanimity was never its trademark, 
but unity has always been its desire." 

Presiding Bishop Edmond Browning 
said: "For many it is the occasion of 
great joy and celebration. For many it 
is a troubling time. For all of us it is a 
time when we will be flooded with 
deep emotions. It is a time when we 
will test our commitment to the unity 
of the Church, but more especially our 
sensitivity to feelings and convictions 
of others." 

Harris' consecration will have "far- 
reaching consequences for the charac- 
ter of Anglicanism," said Archbishop 
of Canterbury Robert Runcie in a state- 
ment from Lambeth Palace in London. 
"The spirit of the Lambeth Conference 
has given all the bishops— including 
those against the ordination of women— 
the inspiration to maintain the highest 
possible degree of unity with those who 
differ. I renew the pledge I made in 
Canterbury to do all in my power to 
serve this unity as we begin to work 
out the implications of the Massachu- 
setts election." (See related story, page 4.) 

Bishop Fred Borsch of Los Angeles 
said: "I have known Barbara Harris 
for many years and believe she is high- 
ly qualified to be a bishop, a represen- 
tative of the witness of the apostles. 
For a time some may find it difficult to 
see in her a personal side of continuity 
and unity in the life of the Church, 
but I believe the spirit of God is giving 

a new gift for the understanding of the 
unity of all Christians and the future 
of the faith." 

Bishop Graham Leonard of London 
(Church of England) said the election 
will cause deep divisions in the church. 
"In common with many other bishops," 
he said, "I would be unable to recognize 
a woman bishop or the validity of any 
ordinations or confirmations performed 
by her." 

Barbara Clementine Harris was born 
June 12, 1930, in Philadelphia and join- 
ed the Episcopal Church at a young 
age. She was active in civil rights pro- 
grams of the Church of the Advocate 
while pursuing a public relations career 
which included 12 years with the Sun 
Oil Company. In 1974 she was crucifer 
at the service at which the Philadel- 
phia 11 were unofficially ordained as 
the first women priests in the Episco- 
pal Church. 

Her rector, the Rev. Paul Washing- 
ton, encouraged her to seek holy or- 
ders, and Harris was ordained deacon 
in 1979 and priest in 1980 by Bishop 
Lyman Ogilby of Pennsylvania. 

In the early 1980s, Harris served as 
assistant at Church of the Advocate, 

priest-in-charge at St. Augustine of 
Hippo, Morristown, Pa., and chaplain 
in the Philadelphia County Prisons. 
She returned to the Church of the Ad- 
vocate in 1984 and was appointed 
priest-in-charge in June 1988. 

In 1984, Harris became executive 
director of the Episcopal Church Pub- 
lishing Co., which publishes the peace- 
and-justice journal, The Witness. Her 
column in the publication is called "A 
Luta Continua," an anti-Portugese 
rallying cry from the Angolan guerrilla 
movement. The phrase means "the 
struggle continues." 

In other service, the suffragan bishop- 
elect has been a member of the Union 
of Black Episcopalians; the Task Force 
on Recruitment, Training, and Deploy- 
ment of Black Clergy; and the Public 
Relations Society of America. She has 
served on the boards of the Episcopal 
Divinity School, Cambridge, Mass., the 
Pennsylvania Foundation for Pastoral 
Counseling and the Seybert Institution. 
She holds an honorary Doctor of 
Sacred Theology degree from Hobart 
and William Smith Colleges. 

Harris is divorced with no children 
and makes her home in Philadelphia. • 

UTO gives grants for human needs 

Programs to address compelling 
human needs can receive funding from 
the United Thank Offering grant pro- 

Two such grants were made in the 
diocese in 1988: $5000 to the Orange/ 
Durham Battered Women's Shelter and 
$20,000 to the Guilford County Wom- 
en's Center. 

Guidelines are quite specific for UTO 
grants. Criteria include strong Episco- 
pal connections, a focus on compelling 

human needs and/or mission expan- 
sion, limitation to one-year funding and 

Grants in this diocese are processed 
through Bishop Robert Estill's office. 
This year, Bishop Estill asks that ap- 
plications for grants be in his office by 
December 15. For grant request forms 
or other information, write Bishop 
Estill at: Episcopal Diocese of North 
Carolina, P.O. Box 17025, Raleigh, NC 
27619. • 

Around the diocese 

Reminder and correction 

Last month's Communicant gave an in- 
correct number for information on the 
annual St. Paul's Prayer Conference in 

The correct number is 919-467-1477. 

The conference will be held Satur- 
day, Nov. 5, from 9 a.m. until 12:30 
p.m., with a Eucharist to follow. The 
speaker is Dr. James Efird, professor 
of Biblical Interpretation at Duke 
Divinity School. His topic will be the 
Gospel of John. 

Important AIDS conference 
coming in Charlotte 

AIDS is not going away any time 
soon. Resolutions stating the Christian 
imperative to minister to AIDS patients 

The Rev. Dr. John Snow 

and their family have been passed by 
the General Convention of the Episco- 
pal Church and by the Lambeth Con- 
ference, speaking for the worldwide 
Anglican Communion. 

On Nov. 11-12, a conference will be 
held in Charlotte to equip local church 
people to carry out ministry in this 

The conference's purpose is: "To 
enable the diocese of North Carolina 
to respond more fully to the AIDS 
epidemic by equipping persons from 
all congregations to help provide min- 
istry in and through local churches to 
persons affected by AIDS." 

Host for the conference will be Christ 
Church, and the sponsor is the AIDS 
committee of the Christian Social Min- 
istries Commission. 

The two-day conference will feature 
a medical and sociological update on 
AIDS; a panel on ministering to AIDS 
patients; discussion of the financial and 
housing problems of people affected 
by AIDS; meditations and prayers led 

by the Rev. Dr. John Snow of the Epis- 
copal Divinity School in Cambridge, 
Mass., and others. 

The goal of conference planners is to 
involve representatives, both lay and 
clerical, from every mission and parish 
in the diocese. 

There is a registration fee of $25, 
which should be mailed to: Christ Epis- 
copal Church (AIDS Conference), P.O. 
Box 6124, Charlotte, NC 28207. Checks 
should be made payable to Diocesan 
AIDS Conference. Scholarship money 
is available. For information, write 
Christ Church's rector, the Rev. Henry 
Parsley at the above address, or call 

Land stewardship conference 

The contradiction between NIMBYs 
and BIBs is the subject of this year's 
Lex Mathews Land Stewardship Con- 

NIMBYs are Not in My Back Yard 
people, and BIBs are Bigger is Better 

The confererence will be Nov. 5-6 at 
Caraway Conference Center in Ashe- 

The sponsoring Land Stewardship 
Council of North Carolina sees the 
NIMBY notion as self-protective and 
the BIB mindset as a factor in the 
government/business complex. The 
conference will address these two at- 
titudes—including the contradiction 
and conflict between them— in terms 
of North Carolina's overall environ- 
mental situation. 

Fifteen speakers and panelists will 
discuss the state's housing and urban- 
ization problems, transportation issues, 
growth and development dilemmas, 
water conservation, waste management 
and the Greenhouse Effect. 

The Land Stewardship Council is a 
Judeo-Christian group working state- 
wide to raise people's consciousness 
about the need to care for God's cre- 
ation in accordance with the teachings 
of Holy Scripture. 

For information on the conference 
or the Council, call: 919-542-1077. 

Served Home for 52 years 

The Thompson Home lost a great and 
good friend this year with the death of 
James O. Moore of Charlotte. Moore 
became active in Thompson Home af- 
fairs as a young attorney and ended 
up serving on the board of directors 
for 52 years. 

He was elected vice president of the 
board of the Home in 1968 and con- 
tinued in that and similar capacities 
until his death on Sept. 1. 

His other service to the church in- 
cluded terms on the Diocesan Council 
and the Standing Committee, chair- 
manship of the Department of Finance 
of the diocese and numerous terms as 

At the clergy conference at Browns Summit Oct. 3: the Rev. John Broome describes his 
sabbatical, while the Rev. Bill Coolidge (center) and the Rev. Wilson Carter listen, look. 

vestry member of Christ Church, Char- 

Moore was graduated from the 
School of Law of the University of 
North Carolina and began practicing 
law in Charlotte in 1933. During World 
War II, he was the Office of Price Ad- 
ministration's attorney for western 
North Carolina. Later in the war, he 
served in the Pacific as signal officer 
on the aircraft carrier Bennington. 

Moore's connections with the Thomp- 
son Home went back to its very begin- 
ning. His great-uncle, the Rev. Edwin 
A. Osborne, was its first superinten- 
dent. During Moore's long connection 
with Thompson, he served on nearly 
all its committees and played a big 

Big chills! Ghost Walk is a Halloween fund 
raiser sponsored by the ECW of St. Mary's, 
High Point. Visitors are led In silence by 
monk-robed leaders, stopping at seven sta- 
tions. At each station a true ghost story is 
toid (spookily, of course). The story-tellers 
are in costume, as are several werewolves 
and spirits that leap out along the way. For 
details on how to put on a Ghost Walk in 
your parish, write Carol Cullom, St. Mary's 
Episcopal Church, W. Farriss at N. Main, 
High Point, NC 27262. • 

role in helping Thompson evolve from 
a traditional orphanage to a residential 
treatment center for helping troubled 
children and providing other child and 
family services. 

Healing talks at Emmanuel 

During Oct. 13-30, the Rev. Canon 
James Glennon will present a series of 
talks on the healing ministry of the 
Christian Church. 

The preaching and teaching mission 
will be held at Emmanuel, Southern 
Pines. For information, call the church 
at 919-692-3171. 

Glennon has been in the healing 
ministry for 28 years at the Anglican 
Cathedral of Sydney, Australia, the 
world's largest church-based healing 

Training set on adult 
children of alcoholics 

Much attention is being paid these 
days to adult children of alcoholics. 
Clinical experience and professional 
literature document the damage done 

The Communicant is published monthly, 
September through June, with a combined 
issue for February and March, by the Episco- 
pal Diocese of North Carolina. 

Bishop: The Rt. Rev. Robert W. Estill 

Suffragan Bishop: The Rt. Rev. Frank H. Vest, Jr. 

Editor: John B. Justice 

Art Director: Mary Sox 

Non-diocesan subscriptions are $10.00. Sub- 
missions are welcome; they are due on the 
10th of the month for the issue dated the 
following month. 

Please send letters and address changes to: 
The Communicant, P.O. Box 17025, Raleigh 
NC, 27619. Phone: (919) 787-6313. 

The Communicant is a member of the Asso- 
ciated Church Press and the Association 
of Episcopal Communicators. Second-class 
postage paid at Raleigh, North Carolina, 
and at additional post offices. Publication 
number: USPS 392-580. 

The Communicant 

to children who grow up in the care 
and keeping of problem drinkers. 

On Dec. 2-4, two professionals in 
the field will teach up to 65 church 
members how to work with this target 
group. Ruth Anderson and Franklin 
Ingram will lead participants through a 
12-hour curriculum that can be taken 
back and used in local congregations. 

The event will be at the Conference 
Center at Browns Summit and is en- 
titled "Training for Ministry with Adult 
Children of Alcoholics: A Curriculum 
for Extending the Healing Ministry of 
Your Parish." 

Sponsored by the Commission on 
Alcohol and Drugs, the training session 
is designed to help participants under- 
stand the damage alcoholism does to 

children. Characteristics of adult chil- 
dren of alcholics will be discussed. Fur- 
ther, the session will deal with the 
root question: what is alcoholism? 

Among the themes which the work- 
shop will explore are: alcoholism as a 
family illness; typical communication 
failures in the families of alcoholics; 
and such core issues as control, guilt 
and expression of feelings. Techniques 
to be used include lectures, guided 
meditations, small-group sharing and 
keeping journals. 

Participants will work through the 
12-hour curriculum (designed by Ander- 
son and Ingram and pilot-tested in St. 
Mark's, Raleigh, and other sites); then 
they can go home and run the curric- 
ulum for parish members there. 

The ideal, Ingram says, is for two 
people to come from each parish so 
they can help one another with the 
work once they return to their parish. 
However, anyone is welcome. 

Anderson is an associate professor 
with North Carolina State University 
and a member of the vestry at St. 
Mark's. Ingram is a graduate of the 
Duke Divinity School with 18 years 
experience in the drug and alcohol 

They were drawn into developing 
and disseminating their curriculum by 
a shared interest in the long-term ef- 
fects of growing up with an alcoholic 
parent. A parent's addiction to alcohol 
can throw a family into chaos. Confu- 
sion and sometimes destructiveness 

are common products of alcohol depen- 
dency. What the adult brought up in 
such a family needs to do, the trainers 
say, is to resolve the residual grief and 
anger from childhood. Anderson and 
Ingram have gone through this process 
themselves and gained strength, identity 
and capability. Now they are sharing 
what they know and have experienced 
with others. 

The $95 fee covers all costs. A $25 
deposit is required. To register or get 
other information, contact: The Com- 
mission on Alcohol and Drugs, P.O. 
Box 18871, Raleigh, NC 27619; (919) 
872-5358. If you send a check, make it 
payable to Episcopal Diocese of North 
Carolina with a note earmarking it for 
Alcoholism Conference. 


October 28-30, Camp Caraway, Ashe- 
boro: Fall Youth Conference. $45; schol- 
arships available. For information: Frances 
Payne, 919-274-4279. 

November 4-5, Caraway Conference 
Center, Asheboro: Second Annual Lex 
Mathews Land Stewardship Conference. 
The true price of comfortable individual 
lifestyles, the problematic marriage of 
business and industry, and more. $30 
registration fee at conference, $25 pre- 
registration fee. Contact: Land Steward- 
ship Council, Rt. 4, Box 426, Pittsboro 
NC 27312; 919-542-1077. 

November 5, Duke University, Dur- 
ham: Diocesan Acolyte Festival. Duke 

Chapel Eucharist; lunch, Duke-Maryland 
football. For information: the Rev. David 
Sweeney, 919-895-4739. 

November 11-12, Christ Church, 
Charlotte: AIDS workshop sponsored by 
Christian Social Ministries Commission. 
Training, information and education for 
doing AIDS ministry on the local level. 
$25 fee. Contact: Christ Episcopal 
Church, P.O. Box 6124, Charlotte, NC 
28207; 704-333-0378. Scholarships 

November 13, St. John's House, 
Durham: Open House for people of the 
diocese. Meetings with members of this 
monastic order, house tour, refreshments, 

Evensong. For information: 919-688-4161. 

November 18-20, Trinity Center, 
Salter Path: The Carolina Connection: 
Renewal weekend for youth leaders. 
Sharing and celebrating youth ministry 
with some of the best youth leaders in the 
province and the nation. For information: 
Frances Payne, 919-274-4279. 

November 18-20, St. John's House, 
Durham: "Exploring the Incarnation." Si- 
lent retreat exploring personal experiences 
of annunciation. $75 residents, $40 non- 
residents. For information: 919-688-4161. 

November 23-27, Kanuga, Hender- 
sonville: "Thanksgiving at Kanuga. " Pre- 

Advent respite forgiving thanks. For infor- 
mation on events and rates: 704-692-9136. 

December 4- 7, Kanuga, Henderson- 
ville: "Compassion and Mercy. " With 
Matthew Fox, author of A Spirituality 
Called Compassion. Loving, positive 
action to AIDS, homelessness, mental il- 
lness and other issues. $210. For con- 
ference brochure: Kanuga, Postal Drawer 
250, Hendersonville, NC 28793. 

December 28-January 1, Kanuga, 
Hendersonville: Winterlight XIII. Win- 
ter retreat for youth in grades 9-12. Find- 
ing a pathway to Christ. $195. Scholar- 
ships available. Call: Frances Payne, 

ACTS Facts: 

First scholarships are awarded 

By Gail Doucette Wojton 

On Sept. 24, the Women's Issues 
Commission of the diocese reached a 
milestone of no mean proportions— the 
presentation of the first two scholar- 
ships from the Lex S. Mathews Schol- 
arship Fund. The formation and devel- 
opment of this fund has been the com- 
mission's first major project, and its 
success, though moderate, is encourag- 

Awards of $400 each were made to 
Mary Kathleen Williams and Elizabeth 
Devereaux. Williams is a member of 
St. Bartholomew's, Pittsboro, and is 
finishing a degree at the University of 

North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Dever- 
eaux, of St. Barnabas', Greensboro, is 
enrolled in a work-study program at 
Guilford Technical Community College. 

Sixteen other applicants were con- 
sidered, and several more were turned 
away because they did not meet the 
criteria: an applicant must be over 35 
years old, enrolled or accepted at an 
institution from which she is seeking a 
degree below the doctorate level, and 
able to show financial need. Preference 
is given Episcopalians, but this may be 

The $400 awards are modest, but 
they are a start. The Women's Issues 
Commission hopes eventually to give 
scholarships up to $2000, renewable 

over a four-year term of study. These 
funds may be used by recipients not 
only for tuition but for babysitters, 
transportation and whatever else is 
needed to smooth their transition into 
the work force. 

The ACTS campaign is seeking to 
raise $200,000 for the scholarship fund 
as part of the $2 million portion of 
ACTS funds to be allocated to Chris- 
tian outreach. The size and number of 
awards will increase in proportion to 
such variables as the rate of contribu- 
tions to ACTS and the prevailing in- 
terest rates. 

Mimi Keravouri, of St. Michael's, 
Raleigh, is on the final selection com- 
mittee for the scholarships. She says: 

"It is so exciting to have been in on 
something at the beginning and a mere 
three years later to be giving out schol- 
arships. It's a little like giving birth. 
Our nine months is over." 

Contributions through ACTS— A 
Celebration of Stewardship— will en- 
able this "baby" to fulfill its potential 
for responding to the ministry needs 
of countless women and their fami- 

The scholarship fund is named for 
the late Rev. Lex Mathews, former 
director of Christian Social Ministries 
for the diocese. • 

Gail Doucette Wojton is a member of the 
Church of the Nativity, Raleigh. 

October 1988 

What the bishops did at Lambeth 

Canterbury, England (DPS, Aug. 
11)— Bishops of the Anglican Commu- 
nion meeting here have preserved 
their "common life" by expanding the 
roles of certain instruments of Angli- 
can decision-making and authority, and 
by providing a framework for maintain- 
ing communion in the event of a 
woman becoming bishop. 

The 500 bishops were meeting at the 
Lambeth Conference, July 17-Aug. 7, 
on the campus of University of Kent. 
The conference is held once every 10 
years at the invitation of the Archbish- 
op of Canterbury. 

The commitment to "hold the com- 
munion together" despite warnings of 
schism over women bishops was made 
in principal at a Lambeth Palace retreat 
for the primates before the start of the 
Conference. It was then a question of 
the small groups that focused on the 
most divisive issues writing legislation 
that would be acceptable to both progres- 
sive and traditionalist bishops, sources 

In resolutions adopted overwhelm- 
ingly, the bishops urged a greater role 
in Anglican afffairs for the triennial 
Primates Meeting and Anglican Consul- 
tative Council, and called for regional 
meetings of bishops to take place bet- 
ween Lambeth Conferences. The ulti- 
mate effect of these changes may be to 
weaken slightly the importance of the 
office of the Archbishop of Canterbury 
and the Lambeth Conference itself. 

Another measure adopted by the 
bishops— the vote was 423 for, 28 
against, 19 abstaining— urges respect of 
one another's decisions regarding the 
ordination of women as bishops. The 
resolution does not take a stand on the 
issue itself, but seeks to maintain the 
highest possible degree of communion 
and sensitivity among provinces with 
widely differing views on the subject, 
and it asks the Archbishop of Canter- 
bury to set up a commission to monitor 
the process. 

This legislation was drawn up by a 
small group on "women" in the Mis- 
sion and Ministry section of the Con- 
ference. The central figures in the 
group were Presiding Bishop Edmond 

L. Browning of the Episcopal Church, 
a strong proponent of the ordination of 
women in all holy orders and Bishop 
Graham Leonard of London (Church of 
England), perhaps the leading opponent 
of the ordination of women in the 
Anglican Communion. Their efforts 
in formulating language of common 
ground in the resolution was essential 
to the positive outcome of the legislation 

Archbishop of Canterbury Robert Runcie 

and the eventual success of the Confer- 
ence as a whole. Their discussions in 
small group were described as "very 
friendly and facing differences." 

Despite the central place of "author- 
ity" in the deliberations, the ministry 
of women inevitably occupied much 
of the confernce's time and attention. 
Since there were no women among the 
bishop, ordained women and their sup- 
porters from the United States, Austra- 
lia, New Zealand, Great Britain, several 
African countries, and elsewhere, spon- 
sored programs and activities outside 
the offical conference schedule. The 
Episcopal Women's Caucus at Lambeth 
was a co-sponsor of the Women's Wit- 
nessing Community, which attracted 

freguent visits by American bishops, in- 
cluding the Presiding Bishop, and serv- 
ed to "highlight the gifts and concerns 
of women from throughout the world," 
as its co-chair described it. The Com- 
munity presented programs, speakers, 
and services of worship, and was 
widely received as a quiet but effective 
voice for women. 

Meanwhile, the bishops adopted 17 
resolutions relating to the Communion's 
ecumenical and interfaith relations. 
Dialogues and conversations were en- 
couraged between Anglicans and Ro- 
man Catholics, Eastern Orthodox, Ori- 
ental Orthodox, Lutherans, Reformed, 
Methodists, Baptists, Pentacostals and 
in support of the ecumenical documents 
sponsored by the World Council of 
Churches. The United Churches of 
South Asia (Pakistan, Bangladesh, North 
India, and South India) were held up as 
models for the rest of the Communion 
to emulate. Ecumenism was the sole 
subject on one of the four working 
sections of the Conference. 

Perhaps the most erudite debate in 
the plenary sessions centered on sup- 
port for conservations between Angli- 
cans and people of non-christian faiths. 
One resolution urged three-way contact 
between Christians, Muslins, and Jews. 
Some African and Asian bishops, who 
have experienced difficulties with Is- 
lamic fundamentalism or whose evan- 
gelical credos call on them principally 
to convert non-believers, objected stren- 
uously to these measures. 

There was a firm stand taken on 
responding to the AIDS crisis. The 
bishops said they would take the lead 
in promoting a nonjudgmental spirit in 
their communities and in educating 
them on the causes and prevention of 

The staggering diversity of the Angli- 
can Communion proved to be the com- 
mon thread running all through the 
Conference. Northern and Southern 
Hemisphere bishops sometimes found 
themselves on opposite sides of a ques- 
tion, of for no other reason, because 
their cultural contexts were so differ- 
ent. A "Church and Polygamy" resolu- 
tion, for example, introduced by the 

Bishop of Mount Kenya East, express- 
ly permits polygamists who convert to 
Christianity to keep their wives, al- 
though they must promise not to mar- 
ry again afterconversion. Bishops from 
developed countries overlooked the 
anathema in order to support their 
brother bishops in Africa. Some Africans 
bishops had to do the same when it 
came to resolutions on homosexual 
rights, and women's ordination to the 
episcopate. From the beginning, there 
was an atmosphere of mutual support— 
a sence of empathy among brother 

Many Lambeth bishops agreed that 
the most important part of the schedule 
was daily Bible study— this year done 
in small groups rather than in plenary 
sessions as before— Bible study and 
perhaps the collegiality that so many 
referred to in thanking the Archbishop 
of Canterbury, Robert Runcie, for his 
leadership as presiding officer and host. 

Dr. Runcie's sense of humor fre- 
quently brought uproarious laughter 
from the house, as, for example, when 
a resolution called "Recognition of 
Saints" was presented for a vote. "All 
those in favor of recognizing saints," 
the Archbishop said, "please raise you 

On the final day, there was a mov- 
ing tribute to the Archbishop, in which 
all the primates joined him on the 
stage, and a statement was read by the 
Primate of Burma. A Burmese bishop 
had not attended a Lambeth Confern- 
ce since 1948, and this year none was 
allowed to leave the county with more 
than twelve dollars in this pocket. Eyes 
moistened throughout the converted 
sports hall, as Dr. Runcie responed to 
the Burmese primate by saying, "Frank- 
ly, I'm so overcome by all this I don't 
know what to say." 

He would not have topped his clos- 
ing address to the Conference only a 
few moments earlier: "The first Lam- 
beth Conference lasted four days; the 
second, in 1878, lasted four weeks. If 
succeeding Conference had lengthened 
at the same rate, they would now last 
just over ten years and there would be 
no need for us to go home at all!" • 

Women bishops group formed 

New York (DPS)— Archbishop of Can- 
terbury Robert Runcie has announced 
the establishment of the Commission 
on Communion and Women in the 
Episcopate. The archbishop has also 
named the members of the commission, 
which will hold its first meeting in Lon- 
don in November. 

The Lambeth Conference this sum- 
mer asked the archbishop to appoint 

such a body to examine the relations 
between the provinces of the Anglican 
Communion regarding the ordination 
of women to the episcopate. 

The seven-member commission is 
headed by the Most Rev. Robert Eames, 
Primate of Ireland. The Episcopal 
Church is represented by Bishop Mark 
Dyer of Bethlehem, Pa. 

In a September press conference, 

Archbishop Eames said: "The Lambeth 
Conference indicated a great desire for 
communion between Anglican pro- 
vinces to be maintained and improved 
... I hope that the work of this inter- 
national commission will be regarded 
by the world church as a genuine at- 
tempt to build on bonds of affection- 
something which will strengthen the ties 
between the autonomous provinces." 

In September, the Episcopal Church- 
one of 27 independent provinces of 
the Anglican Communion— became 
the first province to elect a woman bish- 
op, when Barbara Harris was elected 
Suffragan Bishop of Massachusetts. 
Presiding Bishop Edmond Browning 
will lead a conference on women in 
the episcopate on Oct. 27 in Washing- 
ton. • 

The Communicant 


One woman's view of Lambeth 

By Sally Cone 

When Mellie Hickey asked me in 
May to go to the Lambeth Conference 
with her in July, I accepted with ap- 
prehension. After all, no one asked us 
to go, offered to pay our way, or sup- 
ply us with a clearcut agenda. Mellie, 
who was the first woman ordained 
priest in South Carolina (she's now 
retired), felt strongly that she should 
go to Canterbury to be a supportive 
presence for other women for whom 
ordination is currently being denied. 
As she told me on the phone, "I feel I 
have to go and can't travel alone. If 
you go, I'll go. If you can't, I'm not go- 
ing to ask anyone else." I said, "I'll go." 

My husband Alan began telling 
friends that I was going to Canterbury 
on a religious pilgrimage with my priest. 
This prompted humorous remarks as 
people attempted to fit me into their 
concept of a religious pilgrim along with 
their picture of a priest who was (of 
course) male. However, Chaucer made 
it clear hundreds of years ago that 
pilgrims were a pretty relaxed and di- 
verse group and that their reasons for 
travel were at least as secular as reli- 
gious. Or as one modern writer put it: 
"The reasons for going to Canterbury 
are many— it is not simply to visit a mar- 
tyr's shrine. Every year people took to 
the roads, as we do now on summer 
vacations in search of fresh air, fresh 
company and foreign scenery. A fur- 
ther inducement was that by joining 
the free spirits along the highways, one 
defied the authorities who always pre- 
fer that their subjects remain quietly at 

So Mellie and I took to the air, to 
the rails and to the roads to become 
part of that vast pilgrimage made up 
of men and women from all over the 
world who converged on Canterbury 
for three weeks this past summer in 
search of. . .of what? Our only agenda 
was to participate in the meetings and 
demonstrations organized by the Move- 
ment to Ordain Women (MOW) and 
the Episcopal Women's Caucus (EWC). 
These were to be held in relation to 
the Lambeth Conference resolution on 
ordaining women to the priesthood and 

My journal helps explain what this 
experience meant to me. In it I wrote: 

"I don't think either of us knows 
what to expect from being a part of 
Lambeth. I expect it will be a success 
simply from our being able to observe, 
if that is all we do. Being with women 
from all over the world will give new 
symbolic meaning to my family patch- 
work quilt. Most important will be be- 
ing here with Mellie, a woman priest, 
in a country that denies women the 
opportunity to serve in that capacity or 
to know what it's like to be ministered 
to by a woman priest. Sharing her ex- 

periences and reactions will be exciting. 
Right now, I see myself as observer, 
supporter, advocate, being silent, listen- 
ing. Is that possible?" 

Several events stand out from my 
two weeks in Canterbury and London. 

1. The Holy Eucharist celebrated in St. 
Paul's Cathedral in London. Although 
admission was by ticket only, we got 
seated after telling the very proper 
usher that we had come all the way 
from the States just for this service. 
Getting inside without a ticket was a 
miracle, helped perhaps by the fact 
that Mellie had on her collar. Who ' 
knows? How exciting to realize all of 
the different countries of the greater 
Anglican community represented by 
bishops, banners and colorful dress of 
the communicants. I was moved by 
the diversity of people, the coming 
together of Anglicans from around the 
world to share together the pageantry, 
music and service in that splendid 
cathedral. Mellie confided how much 
being part of this service meant to her 
in light of her struggles to be ordained 
in 1978. 

As we stood on the cathedral steps 
following the service, we noticed a 
demonstration for the ordination of 

Betty, you may recall, was one of the 
Philadelphia 11, who pushed women's 
ordination to the forefront by being or- 
dained on July 29, 1974, two years 
before General Convention took its pos- 
itive stand. To these Australians, who 
felt especially isolated and beleaguer- 
ed, Betty represented the obtainable 
and a route they no doubt have dis- 
cussed. These Australian women gave 
high significance to the historical impor- 
tance of the Philadelphia 11. Have we 
in the United States forgotten that debt 
of gratitude we owe those determined 
sisters? I know Mellie Hickey hasn't. 
Linda, a member of the executive 
committee of Australia's MOW, said 
she had come to see whether the fight 
was worth continuing. (Presently, the 
U.S., Canada, Brazil, Hong Kong and 
New Zealand are the only Anglican 
provinces ordaining women.) Although 
the Lambeth Conference passed a res- 
olution allowing provinces to ordain 
women if they wish, the reality of ordi- 
nation is a long way off for Australians. 
The Bishop of Sydney has taken a neg- 
ative stand, and patriarchal attitudes 
still prevail there. There comes a time, 
Linda continued, when discrimination, 
outright rejection and constant assaults 

women winding its way around the 
square in front of us. Banners and signs 
proclaiming justice for this issue and 
announcing the various countries these 
many women represented, mingled 
with church bells, sunshine, sounds of 
friends greeting each other, made for 
great excitement and a fitting contrast 
to the pageantry inside. Ecclesiastic 
tradition played against the realities of 
our modern world. 

2. The opportunity to meet and be with 
Australian women. We first met the 
Australians at a program they sponsor- 
ed the evening after we reached Can- 
terbury, and it is difficult to separate 
their experiences from those of the 
Rev. Betty Bone Schiess, who was at 
Lambeth for the same reasons as ours. 

on one's self-esteem make it too de- 
meaning on the spirit to continue. Has 
that time arrived for her? I hope not. 

3. The debate over the ordination issue. 
Mellie and I joined members of the 
MOW and EWC in an auditorium at 
the University of Kent to watch the de- 
bate on closed-circuit television. Even 
though we were among friends, the 
effect of seeing six screens reflecting 
one point of view left me with a great 
sense of isolation, especially when the 
African bishops spoke. Here are some 
examples which provide insight into 
the vast differences that exist in the 
Anglican Communion. The Bishop of 
Harare: "In my cuUural tent, a woman 
does not qualify to offer the family 
sacrifice at the family altar. She may 

be queen, prime minister, judge. . .but 
she will not mount the altar for sacri- 
fice. The male being is the minister of 
sacrifice by divine right." The Bishop 
of Malaita said that if women's ordina- 
tion came to them as a result of wom- 
en's liberation, it was "satanic." Hearing 
the African point of view expressed so 
emotionally and forcefully, multiplied 
as each was by technology, drove 
home the ingrained prejudices that ex- 
ist in that part of the world and helps 
explain the forces behind the tragic ex- 
ploitation of women that exists in 
African nations. 

On the other hand, the Rt. Rev. 
John Walker, Bishop of Washington, 
said this: "The same problems set over 
centuries by white men over black men 
are now about women. Black men 
could not be bishops; women can't be 
bishops or priests." 

4. Sunday service at St. Alphege, 
Whitstable. We were there in that 
small parish church which dated back 
to 980 A.D. because Mellie had been 
asked to preach. How appropriate for 
us pilgrims that the cleric in charge 
was a woman deacon, one of the first 
in England. 

There in that ancient edifice with 
the wheezy organ, the shaky choir, the 
informality, the warmth of acceptance 
that wrapped around Mellie the or- 
dained priest and me the lay traveler 
in a foreign land, the Holy Spirit was 
apparent in a way it would never have 
been for us in a massive cathedral. We 
did not feel that Spirit at work in the 
same way during pomp and ceremony, 
during heated debate, or during EWC 
or other establishment meetings. How- 
ever, it was a strong presence while 
visiting with Betty Bone Schiess and 
the Australians, during long rambles 
over Kentish downs, discovering old 
parish churches and sitting with my 
journal before me spilling out my im- 
pressions on those blank pages. 

Was I glad I had gone? The answer 
was yes. The entire experience was 
much more than simply being there, 
but that was an important factor in 
itself. However, the more I think about 
the reality of over 500 male bishops 
making decisions that continue to den- 
igrate women through the subhuman 
methods of continuing tribal customs, 
the more outraged I become. The reso- 
lutions concerning women's ordination, 
female circumcision, and polygamy 
were constructed in such a way that 
each bishop's will would be respected 
by his peers so that unity could prevail. 
When all the pilgrims had emptied out 
of Canterbury, politics had won out 
over Christianity and Justice, just as it 
has over the many centuries since it 
all began. • 

Sally Cone is a member of Holy Trinity, 
Greensboro and of the Women's Issues 
Commission of the diocese. 

October 1988 

Mr* Auden and the Prayer Book 

By Claudius Miller III 

The ancients knew that words are least 
misunderstood or betrayed or forgotten if 
they are not fully understood in the begin- 
ning. They allowed every word a long 
time to be heard and understood. They 
assumed that the speaker and the listener 
of high speech would slowly and gradual- 
ly understand what had been spoken. The 
marriage vows — well it takes us a lifetime 
to know what we have vowed. Speech 
takes time before it is filled with mean- 
ing . . . Names . . . were promises of a 
slow ascent to understanding. They were 
shrouded in mystery, not because they 
were not true but because they were 
meant to come true. 

—The Origin of Speech, Eugen Rosen- 

The Rev. Canon Charles Mortimer 
Guilbert, Custodian of The Book of 
Common Prayer, on behalf of the draf- 
ting committee of the Standing Liturgi- 
cal Commission of the General Conven- 
tion of the Protestant Episcopal Church 
in the United States of America (whew!), 
had invited the Anglo-American poet 
W. H. Auden to help in the re-transla- 
tion of the Psaltery for the new, chunky, 
red, sweet-smelling Prayer Book that 
slid into our pews in 1979. 

Twenty years ago (why does it seem 
like 40?), on Feb. 21, 1968, Auden re- 
plied to Guilbert from 77 St. Mark's 
Place in New York City: 

Dear Canon Guilbert: 

My relation to the Drafting Commit- 
tee seems to be jinxed. The only days 
before I leave for Europe when I have 
to be out of New York are March 4-7th. 

Thank you so much for sending me 
the 1966 Report which I have read 
with great disapproval. 

Philologists are valuable and impor- 
tant people, but they can seldom un- 
derstand the problems of translating 
poetry from one language to another. 
The art of translation lies in knowing 
when to depart from the strict sense of 
the original and when to be literal: bad 
translators change when they should 
be literal and are literal when they 
should change. 

I think the people originally respon- 
sible for the Prayer Book Psaltery 
were astonishingly good translators. 
The Committee cites six examples of 
what they consider mistranslations. In 
my opinion, in not one of these is re- 
translation necessary. I dare say there 
are places in the Psaltery where genu- 
ine mistranslations occur and need to 
be corrected. Suppose, for example, the 
Hebrew word means a pomgranate 
[sic] and had been translated as a toma- 
to, it should be changed. But it seems 
fantastic to me they should object to 
the Valley of the shadow of death. 

I am so disappointed that I shall not 
be able to be with you on 4th. 

Yours sincerely, W.H. Auden 

I ask your attention to Mr. Auden's 
letter, not to reheat the cooling embers 
of controversy and division that preced- 
ed and accompanied the introduction 
of the revised Prayer Book in 1977-79. 
With all due respect for those who have 
refused to budge from the 1928 Prayer 
Book and its forebears, allow me to lay 
my liturgical cards on the table (holy or 
otherwise) and confess that the '28 book 
started turning quaint in my hands in 
the middle 1950s. 

As much as I still mourn that book's 
honorable exit, I have never thought 
that its stubborn retention was the 
solution to its increasing impuissance. 
In the dimly-lit privacy of the religious 
imagination of many Episcopalians, the 
older Prayer Book was dying and its 
death was as painful to the mourners 
as the death of a strong friend whom 
we had assumed would defy mortality 
and live forever. 

book, but unless we had drifted dream- 
ily beyond the reach of reality into sort 
of an Anglican version of the Old Order 
Amish, we had to let the dead bury 
the dead and discharge our duty to the 

Now, nine years after the '79 book's 
final acceptance, I am (at the age of 
62) the beneficiary of those poignant 
second thoughts that come after "the 
hurly-burly's done/When the battle's 
lost and won." It is these somewhat 
sad and untriumphant reminiscences 
(still a little sore to the touch) that oc- 
casion my entry into this diocesan pub- 
lication. It is only in these latter days 
that I have come to realize that a sub- 
stantial part of the power fuelling re- 
vision for me and my ilk (and our fail- 
ure to trenchantly criticize the results) 
was provoked by no more nobler mo- 
tive than the rather malicious natural 
reaction of opponents (and from the nat- 
ural conceit of not wanting to risk the 
ostracism from friends on the grounds 
of principle). 

Not all of the opponents of Prayer 
Book revision were racists, sexists, 
militarists, hidebound, ignorant know- 

When the drafters of the 1979 Prayer Book asked poet W.H. Auden for his opi- 
nion, he gave it to them in spades. Here's an excerpt from Auden's March 19, 
1968 letter to Canon Guilbert. Punctuation and capitalization are Auden's own. 

/ think our Church has gone stark raving mad. We had the Providen- 
tial good-fortune, a blessing denied to the Roman Catholics, that our 
Prayer Book was compiled at the ideal historical moment, that is to say 
when the English language was already in all essentials the language we 
use now -nobody has any difficulty understanding Shakespeare's or 
Cranmer's English, as they have difficulty with Beowulf or Chaucer - at 
the same time, men in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth centuries still pos- 
sessed what our own has almost totally lost, a sense for the ceremonial 
and ritual both in life and in language. Why, except in very minor details, 
any Episcopalian should want to tinker with either the Book of Common 
Prayer or the King James Bible, and go a-whoring after cacophonous 
and sometimes heretical new versions passes my comprehension. I have 
actually heard a version of Romans VIII, where the word sarx was trans- 
lated as our lower nature: how manichean can one get? 


From the earliest of the trial liturgies, 
about 1967, through the first approval of 
our current book by General Conven- 
tion in 1977, I never really believed 
that we had any choice but to reluc- 
tantly proceed with revision, any more 
than we can avoid getting up and go- 
ing to work after having grieved upon 
a death in the family. We did have a 
choice about how we revised the '28 

nothings, but I daresay that many of 
the proponents thought they were. On 
the other hand, is it unreasonable to 
asume that not all of those seeking 
revision were communists, socialists, 
liberals, pacifists, eco-freaking know- 
it-alls who were mindlessly driven to 
change for change's sake? It is? Well, 
you see what I mean. 
More than four decades after the 

General Convention set the process in 
motion, I find myself tenderly amus- 
ed by the prospect that the book we 
hold in our hands of a Sunday morn- 
ing came to us as much by way of 
police chief Bull Connor's firehoses 
knocking down black children in the 
streets of Birmingham on another 
Sunday morning, as it did from the 
few remaining Greek texts of Chris- 
tian liturgies of the fourth century; 
that the texture of the Marriage Rite 
was as much influenced by Gloria 
Steinem talking to Johnny Carson as 
it was by Thomas Cranmer having 
dinner with Edward VI; or that the 
rather rosy view of the future implied 
by Rite II of the Holy Eucharist 
perhaps has as much of an unacknowl- 
edged debt to California psycho-babble 
as it does to the conversation during 
dinner on that fateful and Maundy 
Thursday evening. 

Is this embarrassing to contemplate 
or what? I mean when you're making 
a book for worship for the prissiest 
liturgical clientele in American Chris- 
tianity, would you want it noised about 
that some of its major ingredients 
might have come from the brutal polit- 
ical rough-and-tumble over social issues 
that flitted across the gradually-coloring 
television screens in our bedrooms? 
That the driving force for radical revi- 
sion (for that's what happened) came 
as much from the turmoil of our radi- 
cally changing sexual, racial, and polit- 
ical attitudes as it did from a religious 
vision of the future? That in the Epis- 
copal awareness, a hole big enough to 
drive a Mack truck through opened to 
contemporary influences simply because 
at the center of its religious sensibility, 
there was and is a chilling vacuum. 

Yet, our search for utterly nonpoliti- 
cal influences on the formation of our 
current Prayer Book might be called 
off were we to remember that its Eng- 
lish parent was born in 1549, a time 
when Anglicans and Roman Catholics 
thought that divisions within Christian- 
ity were worth dying for. Heads rolled 
on the floor of the Tower of London. 
The 1549 book derives no little of its 
nobility from the passion, scheming, 
treachery, and blood of theological ad- 
versaries. The book with which we say 
our prayers of a Sunday morning now- 
adays did not begin its English life at a 
tea party in Lambeth Palace but with 
men yelling at each other on street 

Knowing one's family history can 
spare one one of the more excrutiating 
forms of emotional extortion. Candor 
can relieve one of having to maintain 
a fiction of respectability where none 
exists. And yet, I experience a delicate 
sense of humiliation in confessing that 
the Prayer Book that this generation of 
Episcopalians uses did not spring al- 
together from pristine sources far up 
the Mountain of Faith, deep within the 

The Communicant 

Auden: How Manichean can you get? 

Rock of Truth, sweetened by Sacrifi- 
cial Love. Much of it may have been 
mediated unto us by the network news 
and advertisements for paper towels, 
underarm deodorants and styrofoam 
food, all embroiled in film clips from 
the moon and Vietnam. 

Finally, though, the "worldliness" of 
the current book is a tolerable embar- 
rassment. One can gradually come to 
see it with grudging affection, but 
there is more to this confession and it 
concerns an embarrassment that goes 
beyond ordinary conscious psychologi- 
cal awareness. In a strange word, it is 
"ontological" embarrassment— the em- 
barrassment that comes when one real- 
izes convincingly, if only momentarily, 
that one has been part of an enormous 
error that simply could not have been 
prevented. It is the genuinely religious 
sensation that sees that history cannot 
be written beforehand, that results are 
nearly always the paradox of intention, 
that we still grope towards the future, 
albeit with lasers. 

As far as I know, none of the pro- 
ponents of the revision of the 1928 
Prayer Book wre listening to Eugen 
Rosenstock-Huessy remind us that the 
words we were discarding could not 
be replaced simply by printing new 
ones. The words the General Conven- 

tion of 1946 had inherited from our an- 
cestors had been steeped in 400 years 
of history. It had taken the 400 years, 
not some slick rhetorician or bright in- 
sight, to ingratiate them in our 

Well-intentioned as we were, respect- 
ful of the past and our elders as we 
seemed to be, on the level of significant 
understanding, I think we proponents 
were oblivious to the leisurely pace at 
which the soul absorbs meaning. Like 
the aging of wine, it does so at a pace 
that it itself sets, not someone's digital 
quartz wristwatch. The Blood of Christ 
in the Cup of Salvation is wine, not 
Diet Coke— and as Orson Welles used 
to remind us, wine has a time of its 

Once one sees the "irrelevant" tur- 
moil which deeply influenced the poli- 
tics of the book's passage from 1946 to 
1979, once one begins to sense the lack 
of understanding on the very nature of 
language that accompanied and disa- 
bled many of us who were victors, one 
might begin to see the current book 
with deeper respect through the lens 
of its congenital defects. After all, isn't 
this how one begins to love another 

There are phrases in the 79 Prayer 
Book that are already memorable. From 

the Celebration and Blessing of a Mar- 
riage: ". . .with all that I am, and with 
all that I have, I honor thee," "when 
they hurt each other, to recognize and 
acknowledge their fault, and to seek 
each other's forgiveness," "Will all of 
you witnessing these promises do all 
in your power," and from the Baptis- 
mal Rite: "Give them an inquiring and 
discerning heart. . ." 

Yet for all of the frequency of its 
use, is there not a secret suspicion 
among most of us that the central in- 
tegrative and purely religious act of 
our worship— the Holy Eucharist Rite 
II— does not cut the mustard? At its 
core, is Rite II sentimental? Is that 
what's wrong with it? A friend of mine 
who is a psychiatrist and dutiful Episco- 
palian in St. Louis once said, "I worry 
about people who come to church de- 
pressed and are greeted with Rite II. 
Will they not conclude that the church 
has no place for such feelings?" 

{The New York Times of Feb. 16, 1988, 
reported that "at least 4% of American 
women are in a serious depression at 
any given time, and at least 2% of the 
men are affected . . . and 15% of these. . . 
patients will eventually kill themselves." 
If 6% of our population seems insigni- 
ficant, it encompasses 15 million people, 
more than five times the total number 
of Episcopalians. And, of course, if 6% 
are "seriously depressed" on a lovely 
Sunday morning in May, one could 
reasonably assume that at least anoth- 
er 30% are not ready to hear sweet- 
theological-nothings whispered in their 

Yet, the language of Rite II is part 
and parcel of what can be seen as a 
self-congratulatory exercise in which 
the communicants are pretending that 
they are acting out a Saturday Evening 
Post cover by Norman Rockwell where 
a romanticized Donna Reed-like 
family— nuclear and extended (blood 
and water)— is the current operating 
version of the Elect of Almighty God 
called to be Suffering Servants in this 
wicked world. In a time that is without 
a compelling vision of Almighty God 
in its religious imagination, who is to 
say that this isn't the best that we can 

Anthropologist Joseph Campbell con- 
tends that we have "domesticated" our 
religion into impotence: The priest no 
longer has her back to the congrega- 
tion and her face to God as she stands 
before the altar to offer the Holy Mys- 
teries; rather she sets the table with 
her back to God and her face to the con- 
gregation. Mr. Campbell may, however, 
have gotten the cart before the horse. 
The power of a worthy transcendent 
vision has dissolved in our imagina- 
tions, but rather than abandon church 
religion altogether, we have made a 
natural retreat into each other's arms. 
The language and gestures of the Holy 
Eucharist tend to be as commonplace 

as the language and gestures of the 
family dinner table because, in the ab- 
sence of a genuinely imagined presence 
of God, our body and spoken language 
is intended for each other. 

This is our predicament and we 
would be prudent to see it as a predic- 
ament of human beings in the late 20th 
century rather than as a faulty process 
of Prayer Book revision in the Protestant 
Episcopal Church which ended nearly 
a decade ago. For the time being, we 
have lost the language of the central ser- 
vice of our religion. We cannot go back 
and retrieve lost treasure, for Rite I has 
demonstrated that its nostalgia is about 
as inspiring and conversant with reali- 
ty as a '46 Chevrolet. 

All we have of our very own with 
which to celebrate the one indispen- 
sable understanding in a Christian 
view of existence— the incarnation of 
God into man, of spirit into flesh, of 
the Altogether Other into the Altogeth- 
er Now— is Rite II, a service that seems 
to suggest more of K-Mart than kairos. 
Yet, this is not our doing so much as 
it is our fate. We have lost the terse 
elegaic quality that pervaded the 1928 
Book of Common Prayer, but it is not just 
literary style that we have lost. We 
have lost the world in which that style 
was formed. The simple fact seems to 
be that one cannot have McDonald's 
and a majestic Eucharist coexisting in 
the same culture. 

The chunky red book we hold in our 
hands of a Sunday morning is certain- 
ly a sacrament. It is the outward and 
visible sign of the oblique passages 
through which the Holy Spirit takes 
us— racism, feminism, the rice paddies 
of Vietnam— in order for us to get our 
churchly work done. It can also be a 
sobering reminder of the breathtaking 
subterranean forces that actually shape 
our history even as we busy ourselves 
encouraging one another with the piti- 
able notion that we are our own potters. 

And, finally, The Book of Common 
Prayer 1979, for all its moments, is the 
courageous testament of unavoidable 
failure by the Episcopal Church in the 
20th century. In an age in which a 
primal silence is descending on tran- 
scendent religious language, we turned 
our backs on the temptation to do noth- 
ing and strangle quietly in our nostal- 
gia. We had the grit to press forward 
and look foolish. 

Literary critic George Steiner begins 
his essay, "The Retreat from the Word,": 

The Apostle tells us that in the begin- 
ning was the Word. He gives us no assur- 
ance as to the end. 

But we've got some assurance from 
G.K. Chesterton: 

If a thing is worth doing, it is worth 
doing badly. • 

The Rev. Claudius Miller, a resident of 
Chatham County, was ordained at Holy 
Trinity, Greensboro, in June, 1954. 

October 1988 

Why Jesus became human 

By B. Dan Sapp 

I haven't seen the movie. I shall go on 
Tuesday. But I read The Last Tempta- 
tion of Christ 25 or 30 years ago. And 
incidentally, someone out there has 
my copy. I want it back! 

The Last Temptation of Christ is a 
novel which in many ways is a com- 
mentary on today's gospel. Jesus said, 
"Who do men say that I am." With skill 
and imagination, Nikos Kazantzakis 
explores this question. Many people 
are shocked by his exploration, some 
because they are threatened by their 
own fantasies and don't like to think 
about them. Others are shocked because 
they feel that these fantasies in some 
way diminish the divine nature of our 

In Mark's Gospel, Jesus was travel- 
ing with his disciples through the vil- 
lages of Caesra Phillipi. On the way, 
he asks them, "Who do men say that I 
am?" Out of the experience of their 
Jewish heritage, they responded with 
names of the men of God whom they 
knew about. One said, "Some say John 
the Baptist." Another said, "Some say 
Elijah, the first of the great prophets." 
And then he asked the crucial question 
that each of us— including author 
Kazantzakis and director Martin Scor- 
cese— is called on to answer: 

Who do you say that I am? 

Peter said, "You are the Christ." But 
even Peter got it wrong, because he 
was not willing to accept the anguish, 
the pain and the death that Jesus 
brought with him into the world as 
the Savior. 

He explained to them that his follow- 
ers would have to deny themselves and 
take up the cross. And we must be 
very clear that taking up the cross does 
not mean having a handicap, or a tax- 
ing job, or a boring next-door neighbor. 
Taking up a cross means that which is 
placed on us by a sinful world because 
we would be faithful to God as Christ 
is faithful to God. 

The cross in the language of Jesus is 

the direct and inevitable result of resis- 
ting the temptations which this world 

When we call ourselves Christians 
we call ourselves disciples, and as dis- 
ciples we are required, as were all the 
other disciples, to answer the question, 
Who do you say that I am? 

First, we say from the Bible that 
he is our Savior: that he has the power 
to change our lives; that he is indeed of 
the very essence of God and therefore 
transcends all human experience. 
Therefore we call him Lord and pray 
for the gifts of his spirit. In some ways, 
that is the easiest part for me, because 
the divine is other than I am, beyond 
and above me, and I can love and trust 
him in a detached way. Some of the ear- 
liest of the church's heresies were bas- 
ed on such a notion— a notion which 
essentially excluded Christ's humanity. 

But we are taught that he is also ful- 
ly and completely human. Now when 
I read this and pray and think about 
this, I am deeply challenged. Does this 
mean that our Lord really and truly had 
a human mind and a human body? If 
so, did he really make decisions at 
his life? Indications are that he did. 

his final hour he made a decision to go 
with the tragedy of his death. If so, then 
I can bring to him all of my decisions 
which trouble me, knowing that he has 
been that way before me and can share 
his strength with me to choose the right 
way, not the painless way. But if he 
never made real decisions, then I have 
none to turn to. 

The temptation to power was offered 
by the Devil. Serve me and rule all the 
world, said the Devil. Use your power 
and turn rocks into bread and the 
world will follow you, said the Devil. 
Throw yourself off the cliff and let the 
angels support you and they'll think 
you're better than Houdini. On that 
basis, anyone who is tempted to use 
power wrongly, or dazzle people and 
manipulate them with charisma for 
self-generated aims, or in any way 
manage other human beings selfishly, 
can bring these to Christ— to Jesus— to 
our Lord— and say: I know you've 
been through all this and offered it up 
to God. You have made it possible for 
me to overcome this temptation as 
well. Help me now, my Saviour who is 
God, save me now, my friend who has 
been exactly where I am. 

Jesus: "Who do you say that I am?" 

Those are the prayers that the incar- 
nation, the humanity, of Jesus enables 
us to pray. But there are other sides of 
our nature to be touched and saved. 
Kazantzakis chose the touchiest one of 
all: our sexuality. And he simply points 
toward the reality of a fully human 
Christ who, in all likelihood, was tempt- 
ed here as well. It is simple logic, cou- 
pled with the imagination of a creative 

The Gospels tell us that Jesus was 
fully human and fully divine, and that 
has become an article of faith, and 
basic to our faith. 

When we are asked then, "Who do 
you say that I am?", we may say: You 
are the son of God, who became fully 
human so that absolutely nothing that 
tempts me, nothing that weakens me, 
nothing that threatens me in my life, 
need be withheld from you. The old- 
time tent evangelists used to bring peo- 
ple up before the congregation when 
they felt the call and would say, "Tell it 
all, brother. Tell it all, sister." In Christ 
we have one who lived through all of 
the experiences of humanity and over- 
came them for us at our worst. To him 
we can with hope, joy and confidence 
tell it all, and ask for his grace to over- 
come it all. 

Hebrews 4:15: "For we have not a high 
priest who is unable to sympathize 
with our weaknesses, but one who in 
every respect has been tempted as we 
are, yet without sinning." • 

The Rev. B. Daniel Sapp is rector of 
Christ Church, Raleigh. 

Women meet on leadership 

By Colleen Hartsoe 

On Sept. 23-25, the Episcopal Church- 
women and the Commission on Wom- 
en's Issues sponsored a conference 
called "Leadership in Action." 

The conference's message was con- 
tained in a true story/parable by Ann 
Smith. She is coordinator for Wom- 
en in Mission and Ministry with the 

Episcopal Church Center in New 

In an African village, she said, one 
woman successfully led a campaign to 
stop wife-beating. Aroused by the 
especially brutal beating of a village 
wife, the woman's first task was to 
convince the victim of her own value 
and right to protection. Next the vil- 
lage women were called together to 
make a plan. They gave the beaten 

woman a whistle to wear around her 
neck. She blew it when the next beat- 
ing began, and all the other women 
ran to her hut. Surrounding the hus- 
band, they cried, "Beat me\ Beat me!" 
The husband's reaction was not anger, 
but a dawning recognition that what 
he was doing, while traditional, was 
not acceptable to the women. Now all 
the women wear whistles; all the beat- 
ings have ceased. 

The listener at the Browns Summit 
conference who knew at once that 
these poor, black village women were 
her sisters, was on the way to recogniz- 
ing her own prejudices and stereotypi- 
cal attitudes. 

There were other stories. Katie 
Whitley brought to life Miriam of the 
Old Testament. Both Miriam and Aaron 
severely criticized their brother Moses. 
While Aaron went unpunished, Miriam 


The Communicant 

Power pads, wimps and flakes 

By Jim Lewis 

A while back I was watching the tail 
end of the Michigan-Notre Dame foot- 
ball game on TV. 

With but a couple of seconds left, 
Michigan was behind by a couple of 
points. They had one more chance to 
pull a victory out of what seemed like 
sure defeat. All of their hopes rested 
on the leg of a field goal kicker. If he 
made the 40-yard kick, Michigan 
would win. 

The announcers up in the booth 
commented on the kicker, a guy by 
the name of Gillette. Gillette, they told 
us, was no ordinary kicker. He, unlike 
the specialist kickers, was a baseball 
catcher, a real star. He wasn't, as they 
put it, "like most field goal kickers: a 
wimp and a flake." He was, in essence, 
a real man. 

Long story into short: The real man 
missed the kick. Michigan lost. The 
hero? A tiny soccer kicker with no his- 
tory of playing football— he had kicked 
the winning points for Notre Dame 
earlier in the game. Irony of ironies. A 
wimp and a flake— this guy did a kind 
of voodoo ritual with his hand before 
every kick — had decided victory. I re- 
joiced. A rare victory for the wimps 
and flakes of the world. 

(His name? Reggie Ho. Ho-ho!) 

The kick and the announcers' com- 
ments got me thinking about this term: 

None of my older dictionaries list 
the word, so it's a new one. So I am 
led to believe that— like Star Wars, sup- 
ply-side economics and sleaze— it's a 
particular product of the Reagan years. 

It's certainly a term much in use 
these days. Watching our politicians 
perform, the commentators all speak 
about "the wimp factor." Is Bush a 
wimp? Is Dukakis a wimp? I watched 
them debate and was aware of how 
tough— how unlike a wimp— each man 
was trying to be. 

A couple of days later, I was sitting 

at the North Ridge Mall eating a big 
kosher hot dog and watching people 
come and go. 

In the course of stuffing my face, 
something caught my attention. I noticed 
the shoulder pads worn by a woman 
dressed, as they used to say, "fit to kill." 

Hey, with those pads sewed snugly 
into her dress suit, she reminded me 
of the Michigan front line. 

I began checking out all the women 
for pads. And— lo and behold!— nine 
out of ten came equipped with big 
shoulder pads stuffed inside a variety 
of sweaters, suits, blouses and dresses. 
On the way out (hoping not to run in- 
to any of them), I noticed two dress- 
shop windows. Both were full of you- 
know-what: mannequins, as they used 
to say, "dressed to the teeth." 

That evening I asked the opinion of 
my consultant on women's fashions, 
Marie Cline. Marie informed me that 
these shoulder pads are called "power 
pads." And of course they are. Not 
one of the women I met looked at all 
like a wimp or a flake. 

I put two and two together and 
came up with the answer: power pads 
for power lunches. Hey, as they used 
to say, "It's a man's world." Isn't it? 
Why not? 

My sense is that men are behind all 
this power stuff. After all, aren't men 
dominant in designing women's fash- 
ions? Don't they, as they used to say, 
"call the shots"? 

Now I can't prove it, but I really do 
believe this whole power pad thing is 
the product of one man: John Madden. 

"John Madden?!" you say. "Are you 
crazy or something?' John Madden, 
the former Oakland Raider football 
coach-turned-TV football announcer? 

Hey, it makes sense. He's everywhere. 
He's on Ace Hardware commercials 
and ads for beer and motor oil. And 
check out the book best-seller lists; he 
was in the top 15 this week. 

I tell you, John Madden's behind this 
whole power thing. Why it wouldn't 
surprise me one bit if Madden were 
marketing those bumper stickers that 

Diocesan secretary Wanda K. Johnson demonstrates power pads. 

read STAMP OUT WIMPS, and even 
advising George and Mike. I can pic- 
ture John advising George to beat up 
on the ACLU and counseling Mike to 
put on his helmet and ride in that tank. 

Now I don't want anyone to think I 
am a Pee Wee Herman fan. Nothing 
like that. But I do understand his at- 
tractiveness as a simple, non-power 
hero. By any real-man standards, Pee 
Wee, as they used to say, "doesn't cut 
the mustard." 

But who the hell needs mustard cut 
anyway? If addressing, as they used to 
say, "bread and butter" issues means 
being violent, mean-spirited and power- 

mad, who needs it? 

I don't know about you, but I am 
looking for, as they used to say, "a 
few good men" who are ready to stop 
talking about wimps and flakes and 
who are willing to, as they used to say, 
"try a little tenderness." 

As a matter of fact, a few good wom- 
en, as well, who are ready to take off 
the power pads and boycott the power 
lunches and who are willing not to, as 
they used to say, "play by the rules." 

Hey, how about changing the rules! • 

The Rev. E. James Lewis is the diocese's 
Director of Christian Social Ministries. 

was struck by leprosy and told, "Who 
are you to judge a religious leader?' 

The women of 1988 were spellbound 
in a silence thick with understanding 
of their sister Miriam. 

Whitley is editor of Crosscurrents, the 
newspaper of the Episcopal Diocese of 
East Carolina. 

Pam Chinnis, the Episcopal Church's 
highest-ranking laywoman, talked 
about language's influence on attitude 
and behavior. Recently, when she was 
proposing more inclusive language, a 
male colleague said, "The language we 
use doesn't bother me." "I accept your 

position," she said. "Can you not be 
sensitive to mine?" Chinnis is vice 
president of the House of Deputies of 
General Convention. 

Kathy Tyler-Scott's stories came from 
the history of the women's movement 
and the intertwining of black and 
white goals. A trainer/consultant from 
Indianapolis and a black woman, she 
recalled visiting a southern state when 
she was four. She and her father got 
on a city bus, and she took a seat just 
behind the driver. Her father said, "You 
can't sit there, Kathy. Come with me." 
"Why?' she said. 

And we still ask today, "What's 
wrong with my color, my gender, my 

The Rev. Betty Bone Schiess told of 
her struggle to be ordained priest in 
the 1970s. When the 1973 General 
Convention voted down women's or- 
dination, she and 10 other deacons 
took heart from the close vote in the 
House of Deputies and from the sup- 
port of many bishops. This led to the 
"irregular" ordination of the Philadel- 
phia 11 in 1974. At that servce, a young 
woman named Barbara Harris served 
as crucifer. Barbara has just become 

the first female bishop of the Anglican 
Communion. "An absolutely astound- 
ing event!" said an elated Betty Bone. 
[Harris is the newly elected Suffragan 
Bishop of Massachusetts. See story, page l.J 

And the Browns Summit listeners 
toasted with water and wine Bishop 
Barbara Harris as well as the truth that 
women can indeed be instruments of 
social change. • 

Colleen Hartsoe is a communicant of St. 
Mary's, High Point, a member of the 
Commission on Women and editor of the 
ECW's "Patchwork." 

October 1988 


Rapture and the boyfriend, too 

By Suzanne Britt Jordan 

Once I was born again. It was at a 
revival at the First Baptist Church in 
my hometown in North Carolina, and 
I was 13. I have my friend, Pammy 
Lou Hinson, not God, to thank for it. 
The church had gone all out for the 
saving of souls that week. It hired a 
Baptist lay preacher from Texas, an ar- 
tist who drew pictures in iridescent 
chalk to illustrate the sermons and a 
soloist whose bass voice reverberating 
through the church could have brought 
Bertrand Russell to his knees. Actually, 
they were all from Texas, an irrestible 
and flashy evangelical team. We did 
things in a big way. 

I confess I was in a bit of a bind. 
We were sophisticated, well-behaved 
tepid Baptists. My mother would never 
have hollered an "Amen!" No writhing 
in the aisles for us, no moaning and 
wringing of hands, no weepy testimo- 
nials about how Jesus had changed our 
lives. It just wasn't done. 

Hence the conflict. I wasn't clear 
about how to act at a revival. I won- 
dered when should the shoutin' start, 
how loud the hallelujahs, whence the 
rapture, how soon the Judgment Day? 
I was perplexed by this lay preacher in 
the neat business suit with the melodic 
voice, who had several oil wells under 
his belt but who risked everything to 
go all over creation raising his voice 
and just generally being a fool for the 

Night after night I sat watching the 
three-ring circus, the artist, the preach- 
er, the sinner, winning souls for Jesus. 
So far I hadn't felt anything, no spirit 
moving within me, no visions of Pearly 
Gates, no threat of Hell eternally be- 
fore me. I knew, of course, that Hell 
was precisely where I was headed, 
having committed a string of transgres- 

sions at which even God would look 

Once, in a moment of passion, I had 
tried to kiss Jimmy Wilson in the church 
elevator. The kiss was aborted because 

he had a pencil stuck in his ear and in 
our haste to complete the act before 
the doors opened, the pencil poked 
my eye. 

Among my other waywardnesses 
were eating candy with my friend Pam- 
my Lou in the sterilized church nur- 
sery in which we had hidden to escape 
choir practice, going to Woolworth's 
instead of prayer meeting and pledging 
a tithe which I never paid because the 
baby-sitting business dried up that sum- 
mer. But even though I knew Hell 
was my ultimate home, I wasn't suffi- 
ciently scared to grovel at the altar. Hell 
was a maybe, somewhere down the 
line, and Jimmy Wilson was two rows 
away and right now. There was time 
for redemption later, say on my death- 

I didn't reckon on Pammy Lou's 
defection. The first nights, Monday, 
Tuesday and Wednesday, we sat side- 

by-side in the back pew of the balcony, 
passing notes, doodling in the church 
hymnals (descecrating "Just As I Am 
Without One Plea" in particular because 
it had five verses and tended to drag), 
and punching each other. 

We giggled when old rich Augustus 
P. Davis went weeping down the aisle 
to rededicate his life, he who had slept 
through every sermon since 1953 and 
was the chairman of the board of dea- 
cons. We hissed when mean old Eppie 
Lummox got down on her knees for 
God. She had objected to the criss-cross 
straps supportings the wings on my an- 
gel costume in the Christmas pageant be- 
cause, she claimed, the straps accentu- 
ated my bosoms, lifting and separating 
like a Cross- Your-Heart bra. Of course, 
we whispered, Eppie's daughter held 
panting sessions every nightin the back 
seat of her car in the only unlighted 
church parking lot. 

The number of such Born Again and 
suitably revived Christians grew night- 
ly as the end of the week approached 
and the Texas Trio got more and more 
wound up. Pammy Lou and I began to 
notice that people we liked were mak- 
ing the long embarrassing walk down 
the center aisle. 

There went Miss Aletha Hampton, 
who always kept silent when she saw 
us heading for the filling station for a 
Coke instead of hanging around for 
the sermon. Down went Mrs. Harriet 
Trumbull, our Sunday School teacher, 
who was willing to admit that young 
girls did have sexual feelings and 
shouldn't feel guilty. And, suddenly, 
we saw Jimmy Wilson, teary and trem- 
bling, heading for the front with a holy 
look on his acne-ravaged but still ador- 
able face. I shuddered, figuring our pas- 
sionate elevator meetings were doomed, 
since he was now saved. 

When all were going down the 
straight and narrow, Pammy Lou and 

I would still be whooping it up on the 
wide and curvy. My satisfaction in her 
like sinfulness didn't last. Pammy Lou 
had "Found It." She had that hangdog 
expression on her face all sinners have 
when confronted with the staggering 
magnitude of their flaws. I could tell 
she was already seeing herself as a 
worm, a scourge, a thorn in the side of 
You Know Who. 

There was a very devilish-looking 
angel on her shoulder, and it was glow- 
ering at me. The light from her halo 
was blinding— Pammy Lou's halo, not 
the angel's. Pammy Lou was reaching 
for my hand; her tears were spotting 
my new dotted-Swiss sun-back dress. 
She was begging me, who prided my- 
self on being grown-up, to become as 
a child and enter the Kingdom. Once, 
she even started using all those Biblical 
words like "Thou," "ye," and "verily," 
but I made her hush. 

And so it happened. In a flash I 
found myself going down the stairs of 
the balcony with Pammy Lou while 
the choir crooned "Just As I Am With- 
out One Plea" and the preacher cup- 
ped his hands lovingly toward us. 

Looking back on it I see that it was 
all Pammy Lou's fault. I couldn't bear 
to be the only one who wasn't saved. I 
didn't have much to lose. Jimmy Wilson 
was sitting in the front row, an empty 
seat beside him, and Jimmy Wilson 
was heaven. 

The difference between me and 
Pammy Lou was that her saving "took," 
and mine eased off after a few days of 
bed rest and plenty of fluids. Jimmy 
Wilson's blood flowed just as hot and 
heavy through Christian veins, and Pam- 
my Lou, who later became a missionary 
to Afghanistan, still prays for me every 
day, though I've repeatedly told her to 
cut it out. • 

Suzanne Britt Jordan is a Raleigh writer. 

Summary of ECW Triennial 

By Catherine Barnes 

The 39th Triennial of the national 
Episcopal Church Women (ECW) was 
held July 1-9 in Detroit in conjunction 
with the church's General Convention. 

Among the 447 delegates were four 
representatives from the Diocese of 
North Carolina: Mitti Landi, ECW 
president; Shara Partin, vice president; 
Ellen Forsythe, United Thank Offering 
coordinator; and Catherine Barnes, 
Durham convocation chairperson. 

Among those commissioned for 
service by Presiding Bishop Edmond 
Browning was June Gregory of Holy 

Trinity, Greensboro. She is immediate 
past president of the diocesan ECW 
and newly elected Province IV repre- 
sentative to the national ECW board. 

"Each of you is God's gift to this 
meeting," said Bishop Browning, "and 
your call is to share yourself and re- 
ceive the gift of others." 

One keynote speaker was Doris Salah, 
a Palestinian Christian who is director 
of the YWCA in Jerusalem. "It is the 
women," Salah said, "who see their 
husbands and children killed before 
their eyes, who search through jails 
and hospitals for their loved ones who 
have vanished." She asked the ECW 
delegates, "Help us to achieve justice 

so we can be instruments of peace 
in the land where Jesus lived and 

Another keynoter was the Rt. Rev. 
Bennett Sims, retired Bishop of Atlan- 
ta, who spoke of our fear of the "New 
Age" and how to overcome that fear. 
"The most important ingredient in choos- 
ing love over fear is to have a vision of 
the way you want your life to be," he 

Announcements were made of more 
than $3.1 million in UTO grants given 
for 133 projects, including $25,000 for 
two projects in this diocese (see related 
story on page 1). 

UTO also gave $1500 in seed money 

to each bishop of the church's 123 dio- 
ceses, the money to be used for any 
mission imperative desired. 

Workshops and forums were held on 
sexuality, justice and living in a new 
age. Delegates affirmed action state- 
ments for ministry in each of these 
three areas. 

"The Great Coverup" was a 13-foot 
by 9-foot quilt with squares from 92 
dioceses and ECW organizations. The 
Diocese of North Carolina will display 
the quilt at its annual meeting in Dur- 
ham in April, 1989. • 

Catherine Barnes is a communicant of St. 
Titus', Durham 


The Communicant 

Bishops letter 

Dear Friends, 

Episcopalians are seemingly obsessed 
these days with the subject of human 
sexuality. In my opinion, the furor over 
the study guide "Sexuality: A Divine 
Gift" has sidetracked open study and 
discussion. Fortunately the study has 
been withdrawn and we can move for- 
ward as mandated by our General Con- 
vention. Despite this, the clamorous dis- 
cussion has brought into the limelight 
the ugly (and for Episcopalians, unlike- 
ly) subject of biblical fundamentalism. 

Many Episcopalians, including a few 
bishops, are calling for adherence to 
biblical teaching regarding homosex- 
uality in particular, and human sexual- 
ity (including marriage) in general. In 
doing so, they are practicing what they 
often deride when it appears in other 
Protestant denominations— a kind of 
biblical selectivity with regard to issues. 

I do not believe that this is good 
biblical theology. Nor is it what we 
stand for as Anglicans. And I feel oblig- 
ed to speak up. As a bishop, I am sworn 
by my ordination vows "to uphold the 
doctrine, discipline and worship of the 
Church." I have promised three times— 
at my ordination as deacon, priest and 
bishop— that "I believe the Holy Scrip- 
tures of the Old and New Testaments 
to contain everything necessary for sal- 
vation." Hence these thoughts. 

It should be obvious to anyone 
reading Holy Scripture that its writers 
represent an immense spread of his- 
tory, reaching back before Christ and 
ending years after his death and resur- 
rection. Those biblical writers accept 
without guestion a wide variety of in- 
stitutions and attitudes that we find 

morally offensive. Among these, I would 
cite slavery, second-class citizenship 
for women and an exclusiveness that 
applauds God's vengeance on one's en- 
emies. There is even acceptance of po- 
lygamy. Further, there is the biblical 
notion of a three-level universe with 
heaven "Up there," hell "Down there," 
and us in between. Many of the leading 
theologians of our time (and times past) 
have addressed these issues. Indeed, 
until this recent wave of Biblical funda- 
mentalism in the Episcopal Church, I 
had thought our biblical theology was 
settled. If it is not, then I fear those who 
call for adherence to biblical truths are 
being selective in what they choose to 
rate essential, and what they do not. 

The Church produced the Bible, not 
the other way around. And the basic po- 
sition of the Anglican Communion has 
always been one of placing alongside 
Scripture, tradition (that is, the church's 
teachings) and reason (that is, using 
one's God-given intellect). You do not 
have to detach your head and leave it 
at the door when you come into an 
Episcopal Church. Indeed you cannot. 

We have been able to deal with past 
issues precisely because we have fol- 
lowed the Anglican way. I fear we are 
not doing so with sexuality, particular- 
ly with homosexuality. Rather, I fear 
we are showing a reluctance to ap- 
proach this issue openly, and we are 
tending to concretize our views. And 
this is untypical of us. The Anglican 
Church, through its bishops at Lambeth, 
changed completely its views on birth 
control; it is not even an issue when 
our church now gathers in convention. 
If, as some think may be possible, the 
scientific world concludes that homo- 

sexuality is determined by genetics, 
where does that leave the Church and 
the arguable Biblical evidence against it? 
Even if the matter can't be proved by 
science, how can the Church— as indeed 
we have officially done— proclaim the 
homosexual to be a full member of the 
Church, and yet withhold some consid- 
eration of homosexual unions that are 
monogamous, responsible, and lasting? 
To say nothing of ordination. 

As far as I know, no one is advocat- 
ing sexual promiscuity, unloving hedo- 
nism, or anything of the kind. Far from 
it. Anyone with eyes to see can discern 
the dubious rewards the sexual revolu- 
tion has been reaping. Anyone can see 
the consequences of defying the basic 
biblical teaching about love. But, any- 
one who is truly living in this time- 
that is, whose life is engaged, rather 

then detached— must see that even the 
most basic of institutions, the family as 
bound by Christian marriage, is besieg- 
ed. There's no hiding from the fact that 
one of every two Christian marriages 
ends up not being a lifeling union. 

No one I know— and certainly not 
I— suggests a retreat from biblically bas- 
ed lives. What I believe is this: Instead 
of wielding "the biblical norm of mono- 
gamous relationships" like a club, and 
thereby inflicting injury on those attack- 
ed, we need to be looking at what we 
can do to strenghen the family and 
nurture unions that are lasting, respon- 
sible and God-centered. 


-#-/<Vlwr w. fskja 

Robert W. Estill 

Lambeth Conference snapshot: (from left) Bishop Robert Estill, Joyce Estill, Ann Vest and 
Suffragan Bishop Frank Vest 

Suffragan Bishop's letter 

Dear Friends in Christ, 

From September 7 through September 
9, 18 of us spent two days and two 
nights doing what, on the face of it, 
might sound like the most tedious task 
imaginable. The Department of Mis- 
sion and Outreach, the Department of 
Budget, the Business Administrator 
and both bishops gathered at the Con- 
ference Center for the annual budget 
hearings of the diocese. 

During those two days and two 
nights, we heard presentations from 26 
different commissions and committees 
of the diocese, in which they presented 
and defended their budget reguests for 

Our budget process is one which 
begins in the spring with the commit- 
tees and commissions drawing up their 
proposed budgets, continues with the 
presentations to the group which as- 
sembled at the Conference Center, and 

leads to budget being proposed to the 
Diocesan Council. The Diocesan Coun- 
cil, at it's September meeting, adopted 
the proposed budget which will now 
come before all of the clergy and con- 
vention delegates at the fall convoca- 
tion meetings, and be ultimately voted 
upon at the Diocesan Convention in 
January of 1989. 

The two days and two nights at the 
Conference Center were exhausting and 
fatiguing. But, for me, it was anything 
but tedious. On the contrary, it was 
exhilarating, and even inspirational. 

I can't tell you what a privilege it 
was to hear firsthand the reports of 
the tremendously exciting and varied 
ministries which are going on in our 
diocese. The vitality and commitment 
of the people who carry out these 
ministries, coupled with the quality 
of the work which is being done in 
our Lord's name, was thrilling to be- 

I wish each of you could have been 
there— you might have been fatigued, 
but you certainly would also have 
been excited to gain a perception of 
the work that is being accomplished 
through our diocese. That work covers 
the whole range and spectrum of the 
church's ministry to an unbelievable 
number of people, and with an extra- 
ordinary scope. 

I hope each of you will look careful- 
ly at the budget when it is either pre- 
sented to you at convocation or con- 
vention, or when you see it printed in 
The Communicant. I hope that you can 
translate the bare bones of a line item 
budget into mission and ministry with- 
in the Body of Chirst. 

In the 37th chapter of Ezekiel, the 
prophet talks about seeing a valley full 
of dry bones, and then seeing those 
bones come to life, become covered 
with sinews and flesh, and be filled 
with the breath of life. That happened 

for me at the budget hearings. The 
very dry and dull bones of a line item 
budget were covered with flesh and 
filled with the breath of God— and the 
budget became a living thing. 

All of you, through your pledges and 
tithes, help to make that possible. It is 
through that budget that the Diocese 
of North Carolina reaches out in pro- 
grams of education, evangelism, social 
concerns and outreach, youth work, 
assistance to mission congregations, 
theological education and an exciting 
variety of other programs and minis- 
tries. It is finally through the budget 
that our call to be the Body of Christ 
becomes incarnate, and is given the re- 
sources which allow dreams and visions 
to become living realities. 

Faithfully yours, 
Frank H. Vest, Jr. 

October 1988 



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Episcopal Times/Diocese of Massachusetts 


Vol. 79, No. 7 

The Newspaper of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 

Nov./Dec. 1988 

Committee says no on Harris 

Editor's Note: This issue aims to shed 
some light on our diocese's Standing 
Committee's decision not to consent to 
the election of the first woman bishop 
in the Episcopal Church and the Angli- 
can Communion. 

The committee voted twice— on Oct. 
24 and Nov. 21— to withhold its con- 
sent to the election of the Rev. Barbara 
C. Harris as Suffragan Bishop of Mas- 

Three main criticisms have been 
leveled at committee members: 

1. They voted against Harris because 
she is a woman— and not just any 
woman, but a black, divorced woman. 

2. They held Harris to more rigorous 
standards than they would have for a 
male bishop-elect. 

3. They had no business rejecting a 
person duly elected as bishop by an- 
other diocese. 

We invited all the members of the 
Standing Committee to respond to 
these points and make any other state- 
ments they wished. All but two com- 

mittee members gave either written 
statements or interviews, or both. 

The articles, statements and letters 
herein describe why the Standing 
Committee voted as it did; also given 
are the positions of persons and groups 
opposing the decision. 

At press time, the best information 
was that Harris was gaining the con- 
sent of other Standing Committees 
throughout the church by about a two- 
to-one margin. She needs a majority of 
all the Standing Committees, plus a 
majority of votes of bishops having 
diocesan jurisdiction. 

By John Justice 

Exactly one month after Massachu- 
setts elected the first woman bishop in 
the Episcopal Church, she ran into a 
snag in North Carolina. 

On Sept. 24, the Diocese of Massa- 
chusetts elected the Rev. Barbara Har- 

ris as its suffragan bishop. If approved, 
the black Philadelphia priest will become 
the first woman bishop in the worldwide 
Anglican Communion. 

However, on Oct. 24, our diocese's 
Standing Committee voted not to con- 
sent to Harris' election. 

Then, following a storm of protest, 
the Standing Committee took a second 
vote at its Nov. 21 meeting at the Con- 
ference Center at Browns Summit. 
This time the committee refused its 
consent by a 7-2 vote. 

Thus North Carolina became one of 
the first dioceses in the nation to regis- 
ter its vote on Harris. To be ordained 
and consecrated a bishop, she needs 
majority votes of the standing com- 
mittees of the dioceses, plus a majority 
of votes of diocesan bishops. (Suffragan 
bishops and coadjutors do not vote.) 
Until and unless at least 60 standing 
committees and 65 bishops vote for 
her, Harris remains a suffragan bishop- 
elect. Should such consent be withheld, 
Massachusetts would have to start from 

scratch and elect another suffragan. 

The Oct. 24 vote— taken at the com- 
mittee's regularly scheduled meeting- 
was seven against Harris, one for and 
one abstention. 

The only favorable vote came from 
the Rev. Glenn Busch, and the absten- 
tion was the Rev. Hunt Williams. Busch 
is rector of St. Mary's, High Point, and 
Williams is rector of St. Peter's, Char- 

Voting against Harris were: the Rev. 
John Campbell, committee chairman 
and rector of St. Timothy's, Winston- 
Salem; Henry Lewis, Chapel of the 
Cross, Chapel Hill; the Rev. Louis 
(Corky) Melcher, rector, Good Shep- 
herd, Raleigh; Scott Evans, St. Stephen's, 
Durham; the Rev. John Broome, rector, 
Holy Trinity, Greensboro; Joseph B. 
Cheshire Jr., Good Shepherd, Raleigh; 
and Frank Montgomery, St. Luke's, 

The only change in the November 
vote was that Hunt Williams voted for 
See Harris page 4 

'By water and the Holy Spirit" 

There are two types of Episcopalians: 
those who pray and those who act. 

The ones who pray lift their hearts 
to God while turning a blind eye to 
the needs of people all around them. 

The activists see the hungry and 
homeless and abused and misused peo- 
ple everywhere, but never fall to their 
knees and pray to the God of us all. 

Prayer without outward action is 
selfish and hypocritical, say the acti- 
vists. Good works without a prayerful 
heart are hollow, say the quietists. 

And yet, says Bishop Robert Estill, 
while mutual suspicion may mark the 
attitudes of activists and quietists, both 
belong to the same body. 

The bishop will be leading a Feb. 1-2 
worship retreat designed to show the 
strength of prayer as a unifying force 
for the church. 

"By Water and the Holy Spirit" is the 
theme of the 1989 ECW worship retreat 
at the Conference Center at Browns 

"We want to teach the unity that 
comes from prayer," said Estill, "and 
we want to emphasize that these two 
groups are not in conflict with one 

The two-day retreat will include 
meditations, quiet time ("as much as 
possible," the bishop said)' periods of 

fellowship and a closing Eucharist. 

While participants will spend much 
of the time in actual prayer, the retreat 
will also include some teaching, the 
bishop said. "It seems to me that many 
Episcopalians are tied to the worship 
service. Then if they realize they need 
to spend some quiet time in prayer, they 
go home and and go inside and shut 
the door— then they're scared to 

The worship retreat has several 
other aims: 

To launch 1989 as a Year of Prayer. 
The worship retreat will help prepare 
the diocese for working on Presiding 
Bishop Edmond Browning's eight mis- 
sion imperatives. 

To prepare for the evangelism in the 
1990s. The retreat will also serve as 
prelude and preparation for the Decade 
of Evangelism resolved by this past 
summer's General Convention. 

To provide some pre-Lenten guidance. 
Bishop Estill plans to tie Lent together 
with the mission imperatives. He will 
discuss with retreat participants the idea 
of their committing to one mission im- 
perative as part of their Lenten 

(Bishop Browning guided the devel- 
opment of the eight mission imperatives 
that were adopted by General Conven- 

tion: evangelism; Christian education; 
worldwide Anglican Communion; com- 
munications; peace and justice; total 
stewardship; the family; the unity of 
all God's people. 

For Peggy Manley, the worship re- 
treat is the cornerstone of the ECW's 
prayer work for the coming year. 

Manley, a member of St. Michael's, 
Raleigh, is Devotional Life Chairman. 

She says, "I just love the year of 
1989 being a year of prayer. It's some- 
thing we all need to do: to stop and 
pray under our Lord Jesus Christ. For 
we pray for unity, and in the praying 
we are united." • 

Worship Retreat with Bishop Robert Estill 

Wed., Feb. 1, 1989, 12 noon until Thurs., Feb. 2, 12 noon. 

The Conference Center/Browns Summit 

Sponsored by the Episcopal Churchwomen of the Diocese 






Fee: $40 (includes double room, all meals, and reduced service). 
Make checks out to ECW Worship Retreat and mail to: 
Peggy S. Manly, 725 Lakestone Drive, Raleigh, NC 27609; (919) 787-3382. 
Deadline: January 21, 1989 

Chairman's statement 

By John R. Campbell 

Ordination in the Episcopal Church 
is governed by applicable Canons and 
the Constitution. Consequently the 
election of a priest by a diocese to be a 
bishop, bishop coadjutor, or suffragan 
bishop does not automatically insure 
that such a person will be ordained 
and consecrated. 

Article II, Section 2, of the Constitu- 
tion of the General Convention of the 
Episcopal Church states: "No one shall 
be ordained and consecrated Bishop 
until he shall be thirty years of age; 
nor without the consent of a majority 
of the Standing Committees of all the 
Dioceses, and the consent of a majori- 
ty of the Bishops of this Church exer- 
cising jurisdiction. But if the election 
shall have taken place within three 
months next before the meeting of the 
General Convention, the consent of 
the House of Deputies shall be requir- 

ed in place of that of a majority of the 
Standing Committees. No one shall be 
ordained and consecrated Bishop by 
fewer than three Bishops." 

Canon 21, Section 1 (a) and (c) of the 
Canons contains similar language. 

The Standing Committee of our dio- 
cese bears the heavy respnsibility of 
recommending for or against ordina- 
tion of people to be deacons, priests 
and bishop. . .a responsibility which is 
exercised many times during the course 
of the year. In the case of deacons and 
priests the decision does not rest simp- 
ly with matters such as whether or not 
the person before us has been recom- 
mended by his or her vestry and has 
the proper academic credentials, or 
even if the person intends to exercise 
his or her ministry only in this diocese. 
We must also look upon this person as 
a deacon for the whole church; as a 
priest for the whole church. This is 
also true in the case of bishops. A per- 
son is not simply a bishop in a particu- 

lar diocese, but rather of the whole 
church. Subjective considerations are 
made, and judgments are made. Only 
subsequent events can indicate that a 
decision of the committee was correct 
or incorrect. 

The recent decision of the Standing 
Committee of our diocese to withhold 
consent to the ordination and conse- 
cration of the Rev. Barbara C. Harris 
to be Suffragan Bishop of the Diocese 
of Massachusetts was in conformity 
with the Constitution and Canons of 
our Church, was reached only after 
lengthy discussion, and was based on 
decisions other than race or gender, 
except as her gender relates to issues 
raised at the Lambeth Conference. A 
motion to consent was defeated by a 
vote of one for, one abstention, and 
seven against. I voted against consent. 

My vote was not influenced by her 
gender, color, or education, and those 
who suspect otherwise are incorrect. 
My personal judgment, based on my 

ECW president Mittie Landi asks commit- 
tee to reconsider. 

own knowledge and on usually reliable 
sources and information, is that she is 
not the sort of person I would like to 
see as a bishop of the church. It has 
become obvious that some people think 
that the fact that she is female should 
be an adequate basis for consent to her 
consecration, but I do not agree with 
this position, as much as I would have 
enjoyed being a part of this historic oc- 
casion. • 

The Rev. John R. Campbell is president 
of the Standing Committee. 

Credentials are not "impeccable" 

Joseph B. Cheshire Jr. 

This letter speaks to the action of 
the Standing Committee of the Diocese 
of North Carolina at its meeting on 
Oct. 24, 1988, in declining to consent 
to the consecration of the Rev. Barbara 
Clementine Harris to be the Bishop 
Suffragan of the Diocese of Massachu- 
setts and the ensuing criticism that has 
thereby been aroused in our diocese. I 
speak only for myself without presum- 
ing to speak for the other members of 
the committee. 

I was present and participated both 
in the deliberations that preceded the 
vote and in the vote itself. When the 
motion to consent was made, there in- 
itially was no second. Feeling that it 
should not fail for lack of a second, I 
seconded the motion with the under- 
standing that I could vote against it, 
which I did. As is well known, the mo- 
tion was defeated 7 votes to 1, with one 
member abstaining. 

In the committee's deliberations and 
action, every argument against what 
the committee did that has been 
brought forth in the many letters that 
have been subsequently received by 
its members was thoroughly, conscien- 
tiously and dispassionately discussed 
and debated by the committee's entire 
membership before it took its vote. I 
am as convinced as I can possibly be 
that neither race nor sex entered into 
that decision, either consciously or un- 
consciously. I did not detect any feel- 
ing of haste on the part of any member 

when the question was called. The 
question was fairly put and fairly 
voted on. 

I can understand the concerns of 
those who are in a hurry to accom- 
plish as soon as possible the election 
and consecration of a woman bishop, 
and I do not quarrel with that desire. 
However, in order for this to be done 
there are canonical requirements duly 
adopted and refined over the years by 
the Church in its wisdom that, for its 
overall good, must be met. These re- 
quirements were especially crafted to 
subject every person elected a bishop 
to a "three- fold scrutiny" and approval 
in the following order: First, by the 
electing diocese as indicated by the elec- 
tion itself; next, by the House of Depu- 
ties if the election occurs within three 
months prior to the next meeting of 
General Convention, otherwise by a 
majority of the Standing Committees of 
the Church; and finally, by the House 
of Bishops if the election occurs within 
the aforesaid three-month period, other- 
wise by a majority of all of the bish- 
ops of the Church having jurisdiction. 
Until the approval of all three groups 
has been obtained, a consecration of 
the elected bishop canot take place. 
(See Title III, Canon 21, and White 
and Dykman's Annotated Canons, 
page 717.). . . . 

From the time that I first learned of 
the election of Ms. Harris, I have been 
deeply troubled by the burden that I 
knew I had to bear in discharging my 
duty to my diocese and to my Church 
as a member of our Standing Commit- 

tee. I think anyone who knows me, 
my record of service to the Church 
and its institutions, however small that 
service may have been, and my family 
history should know that I am not a 
racist. What may not be so well known 
is that since my Church is committed 
to the ordination of women, so am I. I 
have no problem with the election or 
consecration of women bishops, and 
as a deputy to the 1988 General Con- 
vention, I opposed the Episcopal Visi- 
tation proposition. 

I think that our Church should lead 
at the cutting edge in the extension of 
its areas of service to all people. That 
is its mission. However, those who 
disagree should be led and not driven 
to a support of such extension. Particu- 
larly is this true at a time when by all 
reports the Church is losing members at 
an alarming rate. There is nothing gain- 
ed if a battle is won but a war is lost. 

A person consecrated as a bishop in 
a diocese is not a bishop just for that 
Diocese. He or she, as the case may 
be, is consecrated as a "Bishop in the 
Church of God" and necessarily repre- 
sents and serves that Church wherever 
it exists, throughout our country and 
throughout the world. I believe it is 
extremely important that in all we do 
we endeavor to maintain a viable rela- 
tionship with the entire Anglican Com- 
munion. . . . 

This brings me to Ms. Harris. It is 
my opinion that the first woman to be 
consecrated a bishop and presented as 
such to the Church at large should 
have impeccable credentials. Ms. Har- 

ris, in my judgment, does not present 
such credentials. As an adult, she par- 
ticipated as a crucifer at what was 
then the illegal ordination that took 
place in Philadelphia in 1974. She has 
no earned academic degree of any 
sort, much less a theological one. She 
has had a very limited ministry, both 
pastorally and in matters of adminis- 
tration, her ministry as best I can deter- 
mine having been principally one of 
confrontation and put-down of all be- 
liefs and causes with which she does 
not agree. This very well may be the 
only way to accomplish her purposes 
and she may be right in all she under- 
takes, but for the Episcopal Church to 
present her to the many people in the 
pews who do not agree with her and 
who are entitled to that disagreement, 
to people who possess academic creden- 
tials equal to or better than hers who 
are academically barred from even the 
lower orders of our ministry, to the An- 
glican Communion and to the world at 
large as its first woman bishop, is too 
much of a price to pay when looked at 
within the context of the welfare of 
the entire Church. 

Whatever your opinion of what our 
Standing Committee did, I thank each 
of you for having written me your 
views. I respect them. I hope that you 
can respect mine. • 

Joseph B. Cheshire Jr. 
Good Shepherd, Raleigh 

Editor's Note: The writer is chancellor of 
the diocese. 

The Communicant 

'Style of leadership* not called for 

By Scott Evans 

From the mail I have received since 
the Standing Committee's decision to 
decline consent to the election of the 
Rev. Ms. Barbara Harris to be Suffra- 
gan Bishop of the Diocese of Massa- 
chusetts, I am aware there is a miscon- 
ception on the part of many people 
about the canonical role of diocesan 
standing committees in the process of 
consent to election of bishops, a rou- 
tine matter for them. In the Presiding 
Bishop's statement following the Mas- 
sachusetts election, he stated, "Experi- 
ence has shown that the canonical pro- 
cess is not a rubber stamp." That, I 
believe, is true for our diocese; we do 
not see the role of the Standing Com- 
mittee to be a rubber stamp of the ac- 
tion of any electing diocese. 

It may come as a surprise to many 
that this is not the first time, nor do I 
expect it to be the last, that I have fail- 
ed to consent to an episcopal election. 

Most recently, I did not consent to the 
election of the Rev. David Schofield to 
be Bishop of the Diocese of San Joa- 
quin, because of his opposition to the 
ordination of women. My decision to 
decline to the consent to the election 
of the Rev. Ms. Barbara Harris is 
perhaps the most difficult and painful 
decision I have made during my long 
years of involvement and service to 
this Church. I have been an outspoken 
advocate and supporter of full partici- 
pation for women in the Church since 
the early '70s. I realize that in making 
this decision I have been perceived by 
some as not supporting women. Noth- 
ing could be further from the truth. 

I believe that persons called to be 
bishops in this Church should have 
certain credentials and personal qualifi- 
cations which have nothing to do with 
race, sex nor marital status. 

I had hoped that the first woman to 
be elected to the episcopacy in our 
Church would be one with impeccable 
credentials. I feel this is especially im- 

Scott T. Evans 

portant tor the relationship between 
our Church and the 21 of the 27 pro- 
vinces in the Anglican Communion 
who oppose ordination of women, 
which continues to be a divisive issue 

in spite of the call at the Lambeth 
Conference for unity. The Rev. Ms. 
Harris lacks those kinds of credentials 
for me. She has neither an earned 
academic nor theological degree and 
has very little parish experience. Her 
style of leadership has been described 
as confrontational and, having served 
with her on a national committee, I 
would agree with that assessment. This 
style of leadership does not bother me 
personally, but this is not the kind of 
leadership which I believe is called for 
at this time in the Church where many 
people are opposed to women's ordi- 
nation and need to be ministered to in 
a pastoral way. It grieved me to vote 
against this historical election, for 
nothing would have given me more 
personal satisfaction than to have been 
able to vote an enthusiastic yes to an 
event I have eagerly and expectantly 
awaited. • 

Scott T. Evans 

St. Stephen's, Durham 

'Arrogant* of us to second-guess 

Sally S. Cone 

To the Standing Committee: 
I am writing to request that you re- 
consider your decision against ordain- 
ing Barbara Harris as Suffragan Bishop 
of Massachusetts. Since it was not on 
the formal agenda for your recent 
meeting, it is my opinion that you were 
not able to give her ordination the kind 
of reflecton and thought that was war- 
ranted. Nor do I think that you were 
prepared to discuss your vote with 
members of this diocese. 

I know you are aware that the elec- 
tion of the first woman bishop has im- 
plications of global significance. When 
I was in Canterbury and London during 
Lambeth Conference, every newspa- 
per article and television interview 
about women's ordination commented 
that the United States would elect a 
woman as bishop before the end of 
1988. Attention focused on Barbara Har- 
ris, who was a visible force during the 
weeks I was there. Surely that is no 
reason for her to become a bishop. How- 
ever, from the worldwide and national 
reactions upon her election, it is appar- 
ent that the choice was logical and ex- 
pected by Anglican leaders. 

I heard that one reason for the 
negative votes was Barbara's educa- 
tional background. If that were a valid 
issue, why was she elected so convinc- 
ingly by her diocese, which certainly 
critiqued her background with great 
care? I was under the impression that 

once a candidate is approved for or- 
dination to the priesthood, she is then 
eligible to become bishop— if nomina- 
ted and elected. Since Barbara's educa- 
tional background was approved at the 
time she was a candidate for priest, I 
don't understand how it can justly be 
scrutinized now by the Diocese of North 
Carolina. As a four-year member of 
the Commission on Ministry, I have 
never heard any of our body discuss a 
candidate's qualifications as satisfac- 
tory for priest, but not for bishop. I was 
unaware of there being dual tracks. 

I would like to mention Barbara's 
other qualifications, which to me are 
extremely relevant. 

1). While watching the African 
bishops debate the woman's ordination 
issue on closed-circuit television at 
Lambeth, I was appalled at the anger 
and hate that filled the room as six 
video screens carried their vilifications 
being hurled against women. From a 
global perspective, I think it especially 
fitting that Barbara is black. 

2). I understand that Barbara is di- 
vorced and single. As a formerly di- 
vorced woman who was single for nine 
years, I am heartened to have some- 
one in that position who will relate 
first-hand to those in her flock who 
are "other." During those years, I rare- 
ly found that understanding, and I still 
believe that today the Church fails in 
its mission with non-traditional fami- 
lies and lifestyles. 

At this moment, I am extremely 
disappointed in this decision regarding 

Barbara and, consequently, am asham- 
ed to be part of the Diocese of North 
Carolina. When I think of the discus- 
sion that led up to her nomination and 
subsequent election in a diocese that 
contains more Episcopalians than any 
other in our country, I realize how ar- 
rogant it is for us in North Carolina to 
second-guess those who have been on 
the scene. 

I also have a spiritual concern. In 
spite of the compromise votes on the 
resolutions concerning various women's 
issues at Lambeth, constant and visible 
women's presence signaled the fact that 
we are indeed moving into a different 
era, an era that recognizes women's 
gifts on the same level as men's. This 
vote harks back to the past, a past that 
this diocese will not return to, regard- 
less of the attempts of a few determin- 
ed to do so. The lead headline in the 
October Communicant trumpeted: "A 
fresh wind is indeed blowing." Our dio- 
cese must welcome that wind without 
fear. As Presiding Bishop Browning 
stated: "It is a time when we will test 
our commitment to the unity of the 
Church, but more especially our sen- 
sitivity to feelings and convictions of 

Members of the Standing Commit- 
tee: Reconsider your vote! • 

Sally S. Cone 

Holy Trinity, Greensboro 

The writer is a member of the Commis- 
sion on Ministry. 

What do the canons say? 

The national church's Title III, 
Canon 21, prescribes the process for 
ordaining and consecrating bishops. 

The electing diocese's convention 
submits a testimonial stating that a 
majority of the convention sees "no 
impediment" to the bishop-elect's or- 
daination and that further, the signees 
believe the person to be "of such suffi- 
ciency in good learning, of such 
soundness in the Faith, and of such 
virtuous and pure manners and godly 
conversation as to be able to exercise 
the Office of Bishop to the honor of 
God and the edifying of His Church, 
and to be a wholesome example to the 
flock of Christ." 

That is what the Diocese of Massa- 
chusetts attested to about Barbara Har- 
ris, the diocese's suffragan bishop-elect. 

If the Standing Committee of our 
diocese had consented to Harris' elec- 
tion, it would have signed a testimonial 
stating that committee members "... 
know of no impediment on account of 
which the Reverend Barbara Clemen- 
tine Harris ought not to be ordained and 
consecrated to the Holy Office 

Consent of a majority of the Church's 
standing committees must be gained 
within six months after notification by 
the electing diocese; bishops' consent 
(again, a majority is needed) must be 
obtained within three months. • 

November/December 1988 

T^T* - " «'» *' W>l*?* '* , T r 7??!'TT?? '_».!-- i ' • v.».V 

Harris / from page 1 

Harris rather than abstaining. 

The decision to withhold consent is 
unprecedented in this diocese in mod- 
ern times. Diocesan archivist Michelle 
Francis checked the records back to 
1927 and failed to find another instance 
of the Standing Committee's turning 
down a bishop-elect. (There were, how- 
ever, at least three occasions during the 
61 years when our Standing Committee 
simply didn't vote at all.) 

News of the committee's vote spark- 
ed considerable reaction, most of it 
negative. The Women's Issues Com- 
mittee of the diocese met that same 
week and began drafting a statement 
asking that the vote be reconsidered. 
(See page two for the text.) Letters and 
calls began pouring in to committee 
members and Bishop Robert Estill. And 
The Communicant received the letters 
printed in this issue. 

The questions on people's mind were: 
How can North Carolina turn down a 
bishop elected by Massachusetts? Did 
the Standing Committee reject Barbara 
Harris because of her gender or race? 

A little background is in order. 

When the committee members arriv- 
ed at the Diocesan House on Oct. 24, 
they did not know they would be 
presented with the vote on Harris. 

Harris lacks 'impeccable 

—Scott T. Evans 

However, that very morning, chair- 
man Campbell had received the for- 
mal consent request from the Diocese 
of Massachusetts. So he asked the com- 
mittee members if they wanted to vote 
then or put it off until the November 
meeting. The group decided to act at 

The consent process does not provide 
the various standing committees with 
any information on bishops-elect. So 
our committee's members took part 
in the discussion and cast their votes 
according to their own information. 
Among the information sources were 
Harris' resume, national church period- 
icals, The Communicant, secular media 
and other church people. Among the 
best-known facts about the 58-year-old 
Barbara Clementine Harris were: 

She is executive director of the Epis- 
copal Church Publishing Co., which 
publishes The Witness magazine. She is 
black. She is a longtime civil rights ac- 
tivist. She is an associate at Church of 
the Advocate in Philadelphia. She at- 
tended, but did not get a degree from 
Villanova University. She holds honor- 

The Rev. Barbara Harris 

ary degrees from Hobart College and 
William Smith College. Before being 
ordained as priest in 1980, Harris had a 
successful public relations career, in- 
cluding high-level positions with Sun 
Oil. She is divorced, she is single. 

Everyone interviewed said neither 
Harris' gender nor her race were fac- 
tors in the decision. 

Committee members said the dis- 
cussion centered around three main 

1. Her qualifications, including the 
length of her ordained ministry (eight 
years), the extent of her parish ex- 
perience (nine years) and her academic 
background. (Not only does she not 
hold a college degree, she did not at- 
tend seminary, instead reading for Ho- 
ly Orders under the supervision of a 

2. The possible disruption the election 
of a woman may cause in the Epis- 
copal Church and the Anglican Com- 
munion. The "Episcopal Visitors" plan 
which our General Convention enacted 
in Detroit this past summer was design- 
ed for those Episcopalians unable to ac- 
cept women bishops; and the Bishop of 
London, Graham Leonard, was among 
a considerable bloc of bishops who 
spoke against women bishops at the 
Lambeth Conference in England a few 
months ago. 

3. The confrontative style of a black 
woman who has been a civil rights ac- 
tivist for decades, who took part (as a 
lay person) in the then-uncanonical or- 
dination of the Philadelphia 11 in 1974 
and who doesn't pull any punches in 
her column of opinion in The Witness. 

(Harris is a target of the Prayer Book 
Society, which recently distributed a 
letter calling for a "massive repudiation 
of the election of Barbara Harris." The 
society's mailing contained charges that 
Harris is a Marxist and that the pub- 

lishing house she heads is "a bunch of 

Chairman Campbell said in a state- 
ment that the Standing Committee's 
decision "was reached only after 
lengthy discussion, and was based on 
decisions other than race or gender, 
except as her gender relates to issues 
raised at the Lambeth Conference." 

His statement also said, "My personal 
judgment. . .is that she is not the sort 
of person I would like to see as a bish- 
op of the church." (See page two for the 
full text of his statement.) 

In another written statement, Joe 
Cheshire said he shares the Episcopal 
Church's commitment to women's or- 
dination. Further, he wrote, "I think 
that our church should lead at the cut- 
ting edge in the extension of its areas 
of service to all people. However, 
those who disagree should be led and 
not driven to a support of such exten- 
sion. . . 

"It is my opinion that the first wom- 
an to be consecrated as a bishop and 
presented as such to the Church at 
large should have impeccable creden- 
tials. Ms. Harris, in my judgment, does 
not present such credentials. As an 
adult, she participated as a crucifer at 
what was then the illegal ordination 
that took place in Philadelphia in 1974. 
She has no earned academic degree of 
any sort, much less a theological one. 
She has had a very limited ministry, 
both pastorally and in matters of admin- 
istration. . ." (The full text of 
Cheshire's statement is on page two.) 

John Broome said a combination of 
factors led to the vote. "Not everyone 
had the same concern," he said, "but 
all of the concerns were held by some- 
body. And the more we talked, the 
more we got concerned." Broome said 
he started out predisposed toward Har- 
ris but ended by thinking that "The 

only reason if I vote for her is because 
she's a woman and a black person." 

Corky Melcher said his reasoning 
was that the first woman bishop in the 
church "ought to be the very finest one, 
and my feeling is that this is not the 
one. . . .My decision wasn't based on 
her being a woman or black or because 
of her marital status. . . .1 voted my 
conscience and am satisfied with my 
decision," he said. 

Scott Evans called the vote ". . .per- 
haps the most difficult and painful 
decision I have made during my long 
years of involvement and service to 
the Church. I have been an outspoken 
advocate and supporter of full partici- 
pation for women in the Church since 
the early '70s," she said in a statement. 
"I had hoped that the first woman to 
be elected to the episcopacy in our 
Church would be one with impeccable 
credentials. . . .The Rev. Ms. Harris 
lacks those kinds of credentials for me. 
She has neither an earned academic 
nor theological degree and has very lit- 
tle parish experience. Her style of lead- 
ership has been described as confron- 
tational, and having served with her 
on a national committee, I would agree 
with that statement." (Evans' statement 
is on page three.) 

Glenn Busch said none of the objec- 
tions weighed enough for him to dis- 
count the fact that the Diocese of 
Massachusetts had scrutinized Harris, 
voted for her and were satisfied with 
her person, experience and abilities. 

The church canons don't prescribe a 
particular academic regimen, Busch 
said, adding, "I daresay there've been 
men ordained bishops who have had 
less than sterling academic records." 

Nor was he swayed by the disunity 
warnings. Busch said: "Our church has 
given the green light to ordain women 
bishops, and the bishops at the Lam- 
beth Conference this summer did the 
same thing for the provinces of the An- 
glican Communion." 

"No validity" in rejecting her. 
—Glenn Busch 

Finally, Busch said, "The argument 
that her style is too confrontational 
wasn't good enough for me. She may 
not be the kind of bishop I would 
want, but the people of Massachusetts 
have endorsed her. 

"I take a kind of states' rights ap- 
proach," Busch said. "The Diocese of 
Massachusetts has scrutinized her care- 
fully, lay and clergy alike, and as long 
as there's no constitutional impedi- 
ment, I don't see much validity in our 
rejecting her." 

The Communicant 

ji-r •_-_•*•.■- 

Hunt Williams, who abstained dur- 
ing the first vote, had this to say: 

"I had to ask myself if I would en- 
dorse the consecration of any male 
bishop-elect with such limited higher 
and professional education as Barbara 
Harris has. I concluded that I would 
not, unless he had some other character- 
istics important to the office of bishop 
that would outweigh these limitations. 

"I determined that I would need to 

learn more about Barbara Harris 
before I could join the Standing Com- 
mittee in its collective judgment on 
her appropriateness for the office of 
bishop, whether favorable or unfavor- 
able, and I therefore abstained from 
casting a vote." 

As for the other members of the 
Standing Committee, Henry Lewis said 
he thought all responses should come 
from Campbell as president of the 

committee, and Frank Montgomery 
declined to comment. 

Bishop Robert Estill has said he in- 
tends to cast his vote for Harris in the 
polling of diocesan bishops. 

The story's conclusion has yet to be 
written. Barbara Harris' ordination and 
consecration service is scheduled for 
Feb. 11 in Boston. Bishop Estill and 
Suffragan Bishop Frank Vest are mak- 
ing travel plans to attend. Meanwhile, 

though, the standing committees across 
the nation are casting their votes, as 
are the bishops with jurisdiction over 
dioceses. And the Diocese of Massa- 
chusetts waits, as does its bishop-elect, 
who said on the occasion of her his- 
toric election: "A fresh wind is indeed 
blowing." • 

John Justice is editor of The Communi- 

Rejection reasons are not valid 

By Bett Hargrave 

The Commission on Women's Issues' 
regularly scheduled meeting was Oct. 
29; by unanimous vote, the commis- 
sion charged me to write the Standing 
Committee to urge reconsideration of 
their vote on accepting Barbara Harris 
as Suffragan Bishop of Massachusetts. 
This letter is on behalf of the commis- 
sion, but it also reflects my personal 
views as a lay woman in the Diocese 
of North Carolina. 

We recognize the awesome responsi- 
bility elected officials have when enac- 
ting policy for a diverse population. 
After listening diligently and objective- 
ly to the views of their constitutuency, 
members of an elected body must ulti- 
mately depend on their own individual 
beliefs and values in determining their 
votes. The Commission on Women's 
Issues is appealing to the Standing Com- 
mittee, our elected representatives, to 
express our deep concern about their 
vote to reject Barbara Harris' election 
as bishop. We question the procedure 
and the reasons. 

It is our understanding that the issue 
was not included on the agenda mail- 
ed out to the Standing Committee mem- 
bers, but was added at the beginning 
of the October meeting. Consideration 
of the first female bishop ever elected 
in our church has tremendous histori- 
cal dimensions. We feel that the mem- 
bers of the Standing Committee would 
need more time to reflect on the signi- 
ficance of this event, to explore the in- 
formation presented and to conduct re- 
search on their own, all of which seem 
appropriate for this particular matter. 
This procedure also preempted any 
opportunity for others of us in the dio- 
cese to express opinions about this very 
grave decision in our church's history. 

The reasons we have heard express- 
ed as the basis for the Standing Com- 
mittee's vote of rejection are (1) Bar- 
bara Harris' lack of academic creden- 
tials, (2) Her lack of experience, and 
(3) Her "style." 

Barbara Harris' academic credentials 
fulfill the requirements of the canons, 
or she certainly would not have been 
ordained to the priesthood. As there 
are no additional requirements for one 
to be ordained a bishop, we do not un- 
derstand this objection. Her academic 
credentials were obviously satisfactory 
to the Diocese of Massachusetts when 
they reviewed the qualifications of all 
of their candidates. 

discipline. The fact that the canons 
allow "reading for orders" as an alter- 
native to a strict academic requirement 
wisely recognizes and commends such 
dedicated personal motivation. I under- 
stand that other bishops, for example, 
Bishop Wantland of the Diocese of Eau 
Claire, Bishop Swenson of the Diocese 
of Vermont, and Bishop Theuner of the 
Diocese of New Hampshire do not have 
college degrees, but read for orders. 

Bishop-elect Harris with friends in Kinston. 

Barbara Harris and I are about the 
same age. I know nothing about what 
her life was like in the '50s. As I was 
fortunate to have been born into a 
white, middle-class family, I spent four 
of those years attending college; my 
parents both provided the opportunity 
and encouraged me to succeed. Some- 
one who may not have had this same 
opportunity, but who educated herself, 
surely deserves far more credit for ex- 
hibiting strong commitment and self- 

Barbara Harris' lack of experience as 
a reason for rejection also seems ques- 
tionable. Several men who have been 
elected bishops, including Bishop 
Weinhauer of Western North Carolina, 
had very little parish experience prior 
to their elections as bishops. I feel that 
Barbara Harris' experience as a prison 
chaplain is to be highly commended. 
Is not this the very embodiment of 
Christ's admonition to us to give special 
attention to those in need and to those 

who suffer? Her positions as manager 
of public relations for Sun Oil Com- 
pany and as head of a counseling firm 
reflect considerable experience as a 
top administrator who is comfortable 
dealing with the press. Surely these 
are strong credentials for someone 
who will be in a highly visible leader- 
ship position. Finally, we again note 
that Barbara Harris lack of experience 
was not questioned by the Diocese of 

The third factor in the rejection vote, 
her "style," is more difficult to address, 
because we are dealing with subjective 
criteria. However, style and character 
are two entirely different attributes. 
While it is appropriate and even nec- 
essary in this instance to examine and 
judge the individual's character, that 
which reflects her integrity, her funda- 
mental beliefs and values, it seems en- 
tirely inappropriate to judge her "style," 
the way she chooses to act on her 

Barbara Harris may use a different 
style than I would use to demonstrate 
her Christianity, but I do not believe 
we can say that one style is more ac- 
ceptable than another. Her style ob- 
viously suited the Diocese of Massa- 
chusetts. I believe that our church has 
room for a variety of individual "styles" 
and that we are strengthened by the 
diversity of our leaders. 

In closing, I know that each member 
of the Standing Committee is very 
dedicated to the Episcopal Church, 
and I appreciate the sacrifice that each 
person makes by committing many 
hours to serve as an elected official in 
our diocese. However, I feel that your 
decision on Barbara Harris needs to be 
re-examined, as the reasons discussed 
here do not seem to represent valid 
"impediments" to her election. 

On behalf of myself and the Com- 
mission on Women's Issues, I urge 
your prayers about this issue and hope 
you will reconsider your decision. • 

Bett Hargrave is chair of the Women's 
Issues Commission. 

November/December 1988 

This Spud's a pusher 

By John E. Shields 

Are you one of those folks who 
would like to see the death penalty 
imposed on anyone who would push 
drugs to your kids? 

If so, I have a suggestion: If you 
ever see Spuds McKenzie crossing the 
road; run that dog down. 

You will be making a valuable con- 
tribution to the drug prevention effort 
in our nation. The elimination of that 
cute little canine might just save us 
thousands of future addicts and 

"But it is so much easier to hate 
Manuel Noriega," you say. 

You're darn right it is. If we can 
keep the focus on the Noriegas of the 
world, the Colombians, the Jamaicans, 
and "all those people in Miami," then 
we will not have to own any part of 
this problem. It will be "their" problem, 
and we can get rid of the problem by 
getting rid of them. 

It is too bad that our drug problems 
are not so simple as the solutions our 
politicians offer. Though we want to 
believe that those "evil people" are ruin- 
ing our young folks, the bitter truth is 
that the American appetite for cocaine 
is causing the destabilization of all of 
Central and South America. We are their 
problem. We have the demand; they 
have the supply. 

The latest trendy idea is to legalize 
all drugs, thus removing the profit 
from illicit drug dealers. This is where 
the liberals and the ultra-conservatives 
are meeting these days. Who ever 
would have dreamed that members of 
NORML (National Organization for 
Reform of Marijuana Laws) would be 
in the same league with William F. 

Legalization represents unconditional 

surrender in the war on drugs. It is 
our admission of total defeat. This is 
where cute little Spuds enters the pic- 

You see, our greatest drug problem 
is with our most legal drug: alcohol. 
Yep, good ole booze leads all other 
categories of drugs in causes of death, 
addiction, violent crime, family break- 
ups and accidents. If you take all the 
drugs of abuse and look at the cumu- 
lative impact of all categories, you will 
find alcohol leading them all. 

The demand for six-packs of Bud- 
weiser is created, in part, by very cute 
and appealing television advertising. 
This means that our TV buddy Spuds 
is a major drug dealer. You see he (she?) 
is in the business of creating demand 
for the best-selling alcoholic beverage 
in the world. 

If you don't believe that Spud's ads 
are calculated to encourage your teen- 
agers and pre-teens to start drinking, 
just check the age of the young love- 
lies who appear with Spuds on the tube. 
And remember the ads that featured 
Spuds as an Olympic medal-winner? 
(They were showing at about the time 
of the media coverage of the horrors of 
drug abuse by steroid-using sprinters.) 

Drug abuse prevention is about re- 
ducing our demand for for drugs— no 
demand, no supply. So we've come 
full circle. 

Want to have an impact on the drug 

Put Spuds McKenzie to sleep. • 

The Rev. John E. Shields is chairman of 
the diocese's Commission on Alcohol and 
Drugs. Anyone wishing to lend a hand to . 
the commission's work may contact Shields 
at 3124 Burkeshore Rd., Winston-Salem, 
NC 27106; (919) 725-8389. The author is 
also vicar of St. Elizabeth's, King, and 
Christ Church, Walnut Cove. 

Sewanee taps Williamson 

On Oct. 10, Dr. Samuel R. Williamson 
was formally installed as the 14th vice- 
chancellor of the University of the 
South at Sewanee, Tenn. 

Williamson, formerly of Chapel Hill 
and a member of Chapel of the Cross, 
was installed during theFounders' Day 
convocation commemorating the uni- 
versity's establishment 128 years ago. 

Suffragan Bishop Frank H. Vest Jr. 
was the presenting bishop for the 

Speaking to an audience that includ- 
ed bishops, visiting college presidents 
and Sewanee students and faculty, 
Williamson addressed himself to what 
it means to be a Christian university, 

one not merely affiliated with the 
Episcopal Church but owned by it. 

"From the founders through the 
following generations, the fusion of in- 
tellectual with spiritual and religious 
activities has been at the heart of 
Sewanee's heritage. This university is 
church-owned; thus its relationship to 
the Anglican community is neither in- 
cidental nor distant. Rather the connec- 
tion is deliberate, sustained, continuous.' 

Williamson also said: "This institu- 
tion is not just another program of the 
Episcopal Church to be considered 
willy-nilly. Sewanee stands at the heart 
of the undertaking; an educational in- 
stitution within the Anglican Commu- 

nion that seeks deliberately and clearly 
to serve the dioceses by producing 
leaders, by educating priests and future 
theologians, and now, through the Ed- 
ucation for Ministry program, by reach- 
ing into local parishes through the 
United States and, indeed, the world." 

Here, as in other recent speeches, 
the new vice-chancellor set forth his 
belief that free inquiry is not a chal- 
lenge to Christian values, but a neces- 
sity for them. Controversy is no stran- 
ger to Christianity, and a liberal arts 
education must challenge as well as in- 
spire its students. 

"This university imposes no dogma, 
save that of academic excellence and 

independence," Williamson said. 

As a Christian institution that seeks 
to educate the whole person, instilling 
in its students both a love of truth and 
an appreciation of ethics, Sewanee, 
Williamson said, cannot and should 
not be isolated from the larger socie- 
ty. Education must take place within 
a pluralistic atmosphere, and the new 
vice-chancellor firmly committed the 
university to increasing the number of 
minority students, thereby reflecting 
"the activity and relevance of the Episco- 
pal Church in the changing southland." 

Increasing opportunities for faculty 
research will help secure Sewanee a 
place among the top 20 liberal arts col- 

The Communicant 

Kids are safe at Saint David's 

By Mark Powell 

Cherie is 17 years old. Brandon is 18 
months old. 

It is for people like Cherie and Bran- 
don that the Children's Place day care 
center and pre-school has reserved 
10% of its registered students. Brandon 
is Cherie's son. 

The Children's Place is a ministry of 
St. David's, Laurinburg. The small 
day-care center, under the direction of 
Tammie Fink, now has three children 
of low-income, first-time, single, 
teenage mothers. 

The impetus for the program was 
the high local high school dropout rate, 
coupled with the plight of teenage moth- 
ers in the mostly rural Scotland Coun- 
ty. The aim was to find a way for young 
mothers to complete their education 
without having to be separated from 
their children or further strain local 
welfare rolls. 

The organizers of the Children's 
Place were director Fink, the vestry of 
St. David's and consultant Cheri Bogart, 
director of Child Care Directions, a 
local child-advocacy group. 

Brandon's mother Cherie is a senior 
at Scotland High School. She says that 
before the day care program was 
created, she was having to stay out of 

"Now I'll get to finish high school 
and that's the best thing that I can do 
for both for us— get an education," 
Cherie said. 

She said the program is important for 
other mothers like her. "I know a lot 
of girls in situations like mine," she 

Fink said there are a total of 29 
children enrolled in the day care/pre- 
school program. 

"This is an important service in this 

community and all of North Carolina. 
In Scotland County, the three slots in 
the Children's Place are only available 
for low-income, teen mothers," she 
said. "We hope other day-cares will 
become interested in this 'Adopt-a- 
Teen' program." 

Each participating mother commits 
to completing her high school educa- 
tion or getting a General Equivalency 
Degree (GED). 

"Also," said Fink, "each mother 
gives community service hours once a 
week to the day care, while promising 
not to conceive a second time until 
participation in the program is com- 

One of every two teen mothers in 
Scotland County has a second child 
before the age of 20. A 1986 study 
showed the county with the seventh 
highest teen pregnancy rate of the 
state's 100 counties. That study also 
pointed out that of all young women 
who become pregnant by age 17, only 
two of 10 go on to complete high 

The Adopt-a-Teen program strikes at 
the heart of the problem which these 
figures present. If teenagers can com- 
plete their high school education, they 
may have some hope of ending their 
families' entrapment in the cycle of 

The Episcopal Diocese of North 
Carolina aided St. David's with its star- 
tup costs by giving the congregation a 
parish grant for seed money. St. 
David's matched the money and used 
the total funds to help equip its Chris- 
tian Education building for use as a 
day care facility. 

It costs about $3,000 per year per 
child to provide day care for Brandon 
and two other children of teen moth- 
ers. (The other two mothers are aged 
15 and 16.) The cost is met through so- 

licitations from individuals, churches, 
civic groups, local foundations and 
local industries. 

Laurinburg-area response has been 

Neal Walters, director of the county's 

program immediately had a positive 
impact on her life. She was able to go 
back to high school. Her anticipated 
graduation date: June 1989. 

When asked if she is happy being a 
mother, Cherie said, "I am now. Before, 

Day Care & Preschoo 

A Ministry of St. David s Episcopal Chulf 

Department of Social Services, said: 
"Our day care funds are constantly run- 
ning short. That coupled with the real 
need teen mothers have to provide day 
care for their children, is a problem. 
We look forward to the contribution 
the Children's Place will make." 

The Rev. Timothy Kimbrough, vicar 
of St. David's, said: "When you can 
potentially lower the teen pregnancy 
rate, have a better-educated female 
youth population, and reduce the strain 
on local welfare agencies, you've got 
something to celebrate." 

For Brandon's mother, Cherie, the 

I was scared, ashamed and embarrass- 
ed. I thought I had disappointed my 

Kimbrough said it is opportunities 
like Adopt-a-Teen that make for a vital 

"If the church never looks beyond 
the walls of its building, it never learns 
to live. This is what the Gospel is all 
about— finding pain and being the arms 
of God." • 

Mark Powell, a member of St. David's, is 
communications officer for St. Andrew's 
College, Laurinburg. 

leges in the United States, Williamson 
said. At the same time, the university 
must explore and examine its mission 
as a specifically Christian university. 
"To paraphrase a part of the Prayer 
Book, the university is called upon to 
make Christ's redemptive love known 
by word and example to those among 
whom we live and work and worship. 
In turn we must seek to address the 
needs and concerns and hopes of the 
world. In the measure that we do this, 
we can hope to be recognized as a dif- 
ferent kind of educational institution, 
as one possibly on the way to becom- 
ing the Episcopal university in this 

Williamson concluded his address 
with a tribute to the vision of the found- 
ers of the University of the South and 
a statement of how that vision must 
be translated in today's society. 

At Sewanee: (from left) Suffragan Bishop Frank H. Vest Jr., Vice-Chancellor Samuel R. 
Williamson; former presiding bishop, John M. Allan. 

"In a world where religion is often 
the plaything of politicians and televi- 
sion evangelists, Sewanee proclaims 
that religion and education can coexist, 
indeed are inextricably linked together. 
That the students who come here, 
gifted and talented, can— if they wish- 
participate in an experience that is both 
education and religious, able both to 
enhance their knowledge and their faith. 
The founders possessed a deep and 
abiding sense of the importance of edu- 
cation in a religious setting. Now their 
vision is rather more infrequent and 
solitary. This uniqueness confers not 
only special obligations upon Sewanee, 
it also confers special opportunities. To 
the achievement of those obligations 
and responsibilities, I pledge my efforts 
as vice-chancellor. In that effort, I ask 
your help, your financial support, your 
loving criticism and your prayers." • 

November/December 1988 

RSV wins mainline favor 

Richard A. Henshaw 

The first of the modern, church- 
sponsored translations, and still the 
favorite of mainline Protestant and 
Anglican churches, is the Revised 
Standard Version. The first edition of 
the New Testament appeared in 1946 
and a second edition in 1971, while the 
Old Testament appeared in 1952. Edi- 
tions of the Apocrypha appeared in 
1957 and 1977. 

The Revised Standard Version(RSV) 
was sponsored by the International 
Council of Religious Education, which 
is now the Division of Education and 
Ministry of the National Council of 
Churches of Christ in the United 
States of America. 

The awkward title shows its history: 
It is not, it states in its preface, "a new 
translation in the language of today," 
but "a revision," one in which the 
committee "resisted the temptation to 
use phrases that are merely current 
usage." This puts the RSV squarely in 
a different camp from the Good News 
Bible and the New English Bible. It is 
a revision of the American Standard 
Version of 1901. This latter version nev- 
er really caught on and was itself a 

variant of the English Revised Version, 
which had failed to dislodge the King 
James Bible. 

In 1928, a committee of 15 scholars 
led by Dean Luther A. Weigle of Yale 
Divinity School began exploring what 
a new translation should look like. Their 
arguments ranged all the way from no 
revision at all to a new product in 
present-day English, and from these 
arguments a compromise emerged: a 
thorough revision of the American Stan- 
dard Version that would stick as closely 
as possible to the King James Version. 

The makeup of the translation com- 
mittee was both broad and narrow. In 
the list of names from 1929 until 1980, 
we find 30 from universities, 11 from 
the large inter-denominational seminar- 
ies, 16 from denominational seminaries, 
seven Roman Catholics, at least nine 
Anglicans and from the overall total, 
19 from Harvard, Yale and Princeton. 

The Depression of the 1930s slowed 
work at the beginning, but the com- 
mittee must have worked throughout 
World War II, because the New Testa- 
ment came out in February, 1946. In- 
ternational cooperation was sought with 
the British, but wartime communica- 
tions difficulties made it impossible. In 
any case, after the war, the British were 

already in the initial stages of their 
New English Bible. 

In a series of events that today seems 
like a quaint chapter from another age, 
the new translation began its life by 
being attacked from the political right, 
as waves of McCarthyism swept the 
country. Books were published contain- 
ing names of clergy, including "1411 
Protestant Episcopal Rectors," who 
reportedly demonstrated lefrwing ten- 
dencies; those on the drafting commit- 
tee of the RSV were especially targeted. 

The new translation finally made its 
way successfully because it filled a 
need, it was represented by a wide 
variety of translators and it walked a 
middle road. In the Old Testament, 
however, footnotes show that the an- 
cient Greek is often used to solve a 
translation problem, and sometimes 
other ancient versions are used. The 
New Testament, which presents fewer 
technical problems, rouses more ire. It 
regularly cites "other ancient authori- 
ties" without specifying who they are. 

There are too many "corrections" for 
my taste, although these are only in 
the Old Testament. A curious leftover 
from the King James Version is the 
use of cross-references to similar pas- 
sages based on no discernible princi- 

ple. Other modern versions do not use 
such references; one hopes that the 
new edition of the RSV will not, either. 

We saw that seven Roman Catholic 
scholars were on the translation com- 
mittee. But in 1966 a Catholic edition 
was published with ecclesiastical ap- 
proval. This contained 67 changes in 
the New Testament and none in the 
Old Testament or Apocrypha. Report- 
edly it is now seldom used, because 
the arguments for it no longer apply. 

A new edition of the Revised Stan- 
dard Version has been announced for 
the 1980s. It will drop the pronouns 
"thee" and "thou" in addressing God. It 
will attempt to substitute "inclusive 
language" for some male-oriented ex- 
pressions. The editors have distanced 
themselves from a similar plan for an 
Inclusive Language Lectionary. This 
also was published by the National 
Council of Churches (in 1983), but has 
been roundly criticized by some of the 
major denominations. • 

This is the fifth in an eight-part series on 
Bible translations. The Rev. Richard A. 
Henshaw is professor of Old Testament 
at Colgate-Rochester Divinity School/ 
Bexley Hall/Crozer Theological Seminary 
in Rochester, N. Y. 

Diocesan history 

Chapter 1 - The Anglican Church in 
North Carolina: The Proprietary 
Period. By Hugh T. Lefler. 

Chapter 2 - The Anglican Church in 
North Carolina: The Royal Period. By 
Hugh T. Lefler. 

Chapter 3 - The Decline of the 
Church, 1776-1816. By Sarah McCulloh 

Chapter 4 - Formation of the Diocese 
of North Carolina, 1817-1830. By 
Henry W. Lewis. 

Chapter 5 - The Episcopate of Bishop 
Levi Silliman Ives. By Blackwell P. 

Chapter 6 - Opening Years of Atkin- 
son's Episcopate. By William S. 

Chapter 7 - The Diocese of North 
Carolina, 1861-1883. By James W. Pat- 

Chapter 8 - The Episcopal Church in 
North Carolina, 1883-1900. By James S. 

Chapter 9 - The Diocese in the First 
Decades of the Twentieth Century. By 
Lawrence Foushee London. 

Chapter 10 - Rapid Growth— Financial 
Crisis, 1923-1941. By George H. Esser. 

Chapter 11 - The Revival of Religion, 
1941-1959. By L. Bartine Sherman. 

Chapter 12 - The Diocese of East 
Carolina, 1883-1963. By Lawrence Fay 

Chapter 13 - The Episcopal Church in 
Western North Carolina, 1894-1948. By 
Elizabeth W. Thomson. 

Order Form 

Clip and mail form with your payment to Education/Liturgy Resources, 
St. Stephen's Episcopal Church, 140 College Street, Oxford, NC, 27565. 
All orders must be pre-paid. Shipping fee includes North Carolina sales 
tax, postage, and handling. Please make checks to Education/Liturgy 

Cost: $21.95 per book, plus $2.00 shipping for the first book and $1.50 
shipping for each book shipped to the same address. 

Enclosed is for copies of The Episcopal Church 

in North Carolina, 1701-1959. 

Ship to: 


Street Address . 




The Communicant 


Committee was "arrogant" 

I regret that the Standing Committee 
chose to disapprove the nomination of 
the Rev. Barbara Harris as Suffragan 
Bishop of the Diocese of Massachu- 
setts. Had she been a candidate in 
North Carolina and we had had ample 
exposure to her theological position, 
we might not have selected her as our 
bishop. Indeed she may prove to be 
the wrong selection for Massachusetts. 
But, having said that, I feel it is arro- 
gant for this Standing Committee to try 
to tell the Massachusetts diocese what 
is right for it. 

If it is the position of the Standing 
Committee that one suffragan bishop 
chosen in error by one diocese will ir- 
revocably harm the cause of Jesus 
Christ in our nation, then I would hope 
our Standing Committee spends a great 
deal of time studying each bishop 
whose name comes before it. Perhaps 
we could have a report on the Commit- 
tee's past record in such examinations 
and how often it has disapproved a 

Conviction does not require the pro- 
verbial courage unless there is will- 
ingness to explain one's vote in such a 
situation. The members of our diocese 
deserve this information from each of 
you on the Standing Committee. I 
would think your reasons would also 
be interest to the members of the Dio- 
cese of Massachusetts when they must 
again submit a name to the Diocese of 
North Carolina. 

Colleen I. Hartsoe 
St. Mary's, High Point 

No epithets, please 

I hope all your readers paid close at- 
tention to Bishop Estill's last letter in 
the Communicant. For it presented us 
with some of the important pastoral 
and theological issues behind our re- 
cent debates over sexual ethics. 

I served in a parish in New York 
City where many of our leading laity 
and clergy were openly homosexual 
(including wardens, vestry members, 
and other leaders in my own parish). I 
share their deep pain and the pain of 
others who do not "fit in" with the tra- 
ditional moral teachings of the church. 
And so I heartily agree that we must 
repent of the mean-spirited prejudice 
of the past and open our hearts and 
minds in love toward each other. In 
any case, we should know by now that 
sexual sin has been greatly overempha- 
sized in our tradition. Compared to 
such sins as injustice, it pales in signif- 
icance. And no matter what the sin, 
moralism is the complete opposite of 
the Gospel. We don't need more rules; 
we need more love, hope, forgiveness 
and power to live as God wills. 

So Bishop Estill and I largely agree 
on many of the pastoral issues involv- 

ed in this controversy. But I am deeply 
disturbed by his accusation that any- 
one who uses the Bible to defend tradi- 
tional moral ethics is a fundamentalist. 

I appeal to our bishop to keep his 
deep pastoral concerns from clouding 
his theological judgement. I have spent 
seven years at Oxford University, 
General Seminary, Union Seminary, 
and Duke University studying liberal 
higher criticism of the Scriptures, and 
am deeply devoted to that method of 
interpretation. I have certainly not 
"detached my head and left it at the 
door." Yet despite my critical training, 
and despite my pastoral prejudice to 
call off our "war" against homosexuals, 
I must conclude that the scriptures do 
uphold most of what we call "tradi- 
tional sexual ethics." Nor can I see 
how any existing or potential scientific 
findings change that conclusion. We 
know, for example, that a propensity 
to alcoholism is genetic, but we do not 
celebrate alcoholism as "natural and 
good." But again, the scriptures do not 
consider sexual sin to be deserving of 
much attention. 

To accuse anyone more theological- 
ly conservative than oneself of "fun- 
damentalism" empties the term of any 
meaning and makes it into a polarizing 
slur. A true fundamentalist denies that 
we must interpret the scriptures. As 
Bishop Estill points out, Anglicans 
agree that we must interpret it. But 
when our interpretations differ, we 
must continue to wrestle with our 
sacred texts, not hurl epithets at one 

I pray that we may learn to under- 
stand and respect one another in our 
"liberal" church. 

Stephen M. Pogoloff 
St. Joseph's, Durham 

Vote was disappointing 

Having just become aware of the de- 
cision reached by the Standing Com- 
mitteee of North Carolina with regard 
to the Rev. Barbara Harris' election as 
Suffragan Bishop of Massachusetts, I 
feel compelled to state my profound 
disappointment in this vote. 

I am appalled at your decision. The 
election of Ms. Harris was a historic 
event, one that had been carefully 
decided by the clergy and laity of the 
churches in the Diocese of Massachu- 
setts. By canon law each member of 
the Standing Committee of the Diocese 
of North Carolina has been asked to 
participate in this process. 

Ms. Harris had been through a fair 
election by her peers. 

It is beyond my understanding how 
our Standing Committee could in good 
conscience vote against Ms. Harris. 
Her credentials, education, political 
leanings, experience, color of skin, 
marital status, sex, temperament had 
all been scrutinized by the church peo- 

ple of Massachusetts. And they made 
a fair decision. 

Ms. Harris' election and eventual 
ordination is a hopeful sign for our en- 
tire church and society. I urge you to 
reconsider your recent decision and to 
participate again in this process with 
an affirmative vote in favor of the 
Diocese of Massachusett's election of 
Ms. Harris. 

Thank you for your consideration. 

David R. Williams, Rector 
Holy Comforter, Burlington 

Heartsick over vote 

The proudest I have ever been of our 
diocese was at General Convention in 
Detroit when two of our three bishops 
stood against the Visitors Plan. When I 
learned of the Standing Committee's 
negative vote against Barbara Harris, I 
must say I was the least proud. 

I'm extremely disappointed— really 
heartsick— that a negative vote will 
come from our diocese. North Caro- 
lina has been a leader in opportunities 
for women. Now with our negative 
vote coming from the heart of the Ku 
Klux Klan land, it will appear we still 
have many issues to deal with. Surely 
Massachusetts knows Barbara Harris" 
qualifications and credentials far better 
than we. This is a time to be unified 
and supportive, not to cause more fric- 
tion. I pray that the Standing Commit- 
tee reconsider its vote. 

June G. Gregory 
Holy Trinity, Greensboro 

The writer is the immediate past presi- 
dent of the Episcopal Churchwomen of 
the diocese. 

Vote shocks vestry . . . 

The Vestry of Saint Bartholomew's 
met on October 26 and was disap- 
pointed, shocked and resentful about 

the decision of the Standing Commit- 
tee of this Diocese not to approve the 
election of the Reverend Barbara Har- 
ris as Suffragan Bishop of the Diocese 
of Massachusetts. 

Some members of the vestry wanted 
to know the criteria used in making 
this decision; others felt the decision 
was racially and/or gender motivated; 
and others were disappointed yet neu- 
tral, awaiting more information from 
the Standing Committee. 

Both the vestry and congregation of 
Saint Bartholomew's are bi-racial, and 
women and men share active leader- 
ship in lay ministry. Therefore, for me 
the decision causes deep pastoral con- 
cern here at Saint Bartholomew's. 
Generally, the reaction has been very 
favorable to the election of the Rever- 
end Barbara Harris. We need to hear 
more from the Standing Committee as 
quickly as possible, before opinions 
about the decision become too harden- 
ed. Otherwise, it will be a divisive is- 
sue in this congregation. 

This decision also raises other ques- 
tions. Does the Committee's decision 
question the integrity of the search 
and election process of the Diocese of 
Massachusetts? Has the Committee's 
decision caused a pastoral rift between 
these two dioceses? 

The Rev. William M. Coolidge, Rector 
St. Bartholomew's, Pittsboro 

. . . and dismays writer 

It is with a sense of deep dismay and 
sorrow that I write to your regarding 
the decision of the Standing Commit- 
tee over the ordination of Barbara 
Harris as Bishop of Massachusetts. 

For your prayerful reconsideration, I 
wish to submit the following comments. 

Firstly— I am moved to endorse 
warmly some of the splendid statements 
published in the October, 1988 issue 
The Communicant under the heading, 
"A fresh wind is indeed blowing." I re- 
fer in particular to the quotes of Bishop 
David Johnson of Massachusetts, Pre- 
siding Bishop Edmond Browning, and 
the Reverend Mary Glasspool. As Bish- 
op Browning stated so thoughtfully— 
for many this "is a time when we will 
test our commitment to the unity of the 
Church, but more especially our sensi- 
tivity to feelings and convictions of 
others." Bishop Johnson reminded us 
also that "The Communion is represent- 
ed in this family in all its diversity. 
Unanimity was never its trademark, 
but unity has always been its desire." 

Secondly— As so many, many others, 
I am troubled by the perceptions of 
racism and sexism that this Standing 
Committee decision is generating. 
These perceptions arise unforunately 
in these deeply critical and troubled 
times when we are. challenged per- 
sonally, locally, nationally, and global- 
See next page 

November/December 1988 

ly to manifest" fellowship in the love 
of God." Further, as Knox has sug- 
gested, the Church, by definition, has 
the central "mission to be the growing 
sphere of a constantly deepening 

Thirdly— I wish to endorse fully the 
views expressed by Sally Cone in her 
memorandum to the Standing Com- 
mittee dated 4 November, 1988. 

Lastly— I shall continue to pray and 
to hope that each of you serving on the 
Standing Committee will be moved by 
the Holy Spirit to reconsider prayer- 
fully your decision. Further, I pray that 
with good conscience you will help us 
all with God's grace to make manifest 
in each of our lives our commitment to 
the mission of the Church "as a grow- 
ing sphere of a constantly growing re- 

Dr. A. Helen Martikainen 
Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill 

The victim gets blamed 

I am writing to express my genuine 
disappointment at your recent actions 
concerning the consecration of the Rev. 
Barbara Harris. The reasons delineated 
for your decision seem predictable, 
lame, and thinly veiled attempts to 
avoid the real issue of Rev. Harris' gen- 
der and race. The avenues by which a 
black woman born in the 1920s could 
obtain a "formal university degree and 
extensive pastoral experience" were 
filled with hurdles, hurdles which we 
in our sinfulness helped to erect. To 
now use this as a reason to reccomend 
against her consecration seems to be a 
classic case of blaming the victim. 

Perhaps more pertinant the concern 
that committee members expressed 
over her "aggressive style". Sadly, 
there seems to be no realization that 
those same traits seen as indicators of 
decisiveness and leadership in white 
males are found to be threatening when 
displayed by a woman or a person of 
color. Again, the victim gets blamed, 
as the very traits that propelled a black 
woman to the forefront of an institu- 
tion historically dominated by white 
men now become her primary 

Further, your reasons for recommen- 
ding against consecration seem not to 
address spiritual dimensions, but only 
administrative and managerial ones. 
The decision to seek ordination and 
the decision to recommend ordination 
are both issues which are profoundly 
spiritual and in which the Holy Spirit 
moves. The parishioners and clergy of 
Massachusetts felt comfortable enough 
with Rev. Harris' spiritual gifts and 
genuine call to have her as their pastor 
and bishop. The North Carolina com- 
mittee's decision to deny reccomenda- 
tion seems to focus only on matters of 
style and credentials. The recognition 
of God's ability to work through peo- 

ple of all colors and sexes, and our 
need as God's children to be minister- 
ed to by people of all colors and sexes 
seems to be lacking. 

As a committee of this diocese, you 
represent to churches, both local and 
national, the reflections of the Episco- 
palians of this state. It is important for 
me to let you know that this is one 
church member whom you do not rep- 
resent, and who finds your conclu- 
sions regarding the Rev. Harris quite 

I am sure that there are church 
members who fall on either side of 
this issue. I welcome your response to 
this letter as a means of continuing the 
dialogue on an issue important to the 
future of our church, and the way in 
which we try to make it inclusive of 
all God's children. 


Allen Murray 
Philips, Durham 

Applauds bishop's courage 

Having followed the on-going debate 
in the Episcopal Church over the last 
two years regarding issues related to 
human sexuality, and having frequent- 
ly been disquieted by the reactions to 
that debate and actions stemming from 
it, I very much appreciated Bishop 
Estill's letter in the October issue of 
The Communicant. 

Thank you, Bishop Estill, for stating 
your position clearly, eloquently and 
courageously. I am hopeful that your 
thoughts can help guide us in thoughtful 
reflections and faithful action upon 
issues related to our sexuality. 

Pat Baker 
St. Michael's, Raleigh 

Thanks for coverage 

The recent issue of The Communicant 
was extremely well done. Being in- 
volved with many of the subjects writ- 
ten about made me expecially apprecia- 
tive of the fine job you did. Of course, 
you would expect me to think that 
since you published my article in toto. 
However, having so many articles 
focusing on women's inequities from 
the global, national, and diocesan lev- 
els made an impact that would have 
been lacking if these items had been 
staggered throughout several issues. 
Thank you. 

Sally S. Cone 
Holy Trinity, Greensboro 

Cover your heads 

I was pleased to note, in the October 
issue, that our bishops' ladies adhered 
to the tradition of ladies' heads being 
covered in public! Cornelia Otis Skin- 

ner, in "Our Hearts Were Young And 
Gay", noted that church-going ladies of 
Edinburgh doubled the life expectancy 
of their Sunday hats by wearing them 
only at morning worship. Invariably, 
at whatever house of worship was at- 
tended for Evensong, only second-best 
hats were worn, thus upholding the 
Scottish reputation for thriftiness! 
Many a time, while this century was 
young, was I sent back home for a for- 
gotten hat. In my high school career, 
I achieved a broad-brimmed Panama, 
Once, in the front pew at Burlington, 
I was sitting between two younger 
girls, who were quicker in the draw 
than I, and my hat rose up between 
them, with me following on behind! 

Mrs. Hugh Brinton 
Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill 

Enjoyed October issue 

What a wonderful newspaper you 
put out. 

I've just read through the October 
1988 issue— and enjoyed it every bit. 


The Rev. Peter Gaines Keese 
Knoxville, Tennessee 

Bishop raises issues 

Bishop Estill's recent letter in The 
Communicant raises two important 

1). The modern church tends to op- 
erate on the assumption that moderni- 
ty is more enlightened than antiquity. 
From a reading of the New Testament 
writings, one could reasonably contend 
that this assumption is mistaken, for 
the New Testament Church was well 
acquainted with a variety of sexual 
practices. Hence the issue of whether 
or not Paul's injunctions regarding sex- 
ual behavior are antiquated is not so 
clear cut. 

For instance, it has been argued that 
Paul, especially in Romans, uses homo- 
sexuality as a type for the fallenness of 
humanity. Even if Paul knew of homo- 
sexuality as a genetically determined 
state, such knowledge would only 
strengthen his use of it as an example 
of humanity's fallen nature. 

2). The bishop's use of the label "fun- 
damentalism" is regrettable in that it 
polarizes the dialogue still further- 
something that he may not have in- 
tended. People hold ethical opinions for 
a variety of reasons, both sociological 
and psychological as well as religious. 
Not everyone who is opposed to the 
blessing of homosexual unions is a 
fundamentalist, and not everyone who 
is in favor of them is a religious liberal. 
I know many people, lay and clerical, 
who would confound these clear-cut 
distinctions of fundamentalist and 
liberal. I would hope that the Church, 

in the interest of pursuing further dia- 
logue on these issues, would not resort 
to name-calling to silence opposition 
on either side of the discussion. 

Carter Askren 
Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill 

"Baby John" speaks 

A while back, I sent The Communicant 
the "Baby John" letter which appears 
below. My enclosed note said only, "I 
think this voice should be heard as we 
approach diocesan convention." Let 
me add this. 

This summer I became a grand- 
father twice (babies in our home); and 
this fall "operation rescue" came to 
Charlotte. A few months ago our General 
Convention strengthened our published 
position on abortion, while a little later 
our Lambeth Conference didn't even 
mention the issue. "Baby John" is real 
to me. I hope he will become more 
real to us; I believe he will bring out 
the best in us. 

Dear People of God, 

The Good News is that I'm alive— my 
death has been overcome by the love 
of God in Christ Jesus. My life is good; 
life itself is precious. 

The Bad News it that "I am." I exist. 
I count. I have value, worth. I am a 
child of God. many of you failed to 
take me into account a few weeks ago 
and so I became a statistic. I was 
aborted, terminated, zapped, separated 
from my life support system. I put up 
a mighty (for me) struggle— but really 
you could say I went quietly, quickly. 

My father never knew I existed. 
Mom didn't tell him. In view of her 
plans for me, perhaps that at least was 
kind. However, she really didn't want 
any complications— any interference. I 

The Communicant is published monthly, 
September through June, with a combined 
issue for February and March, by the Episco- 
pal Diocese of North Carolina. 

Bishop: The Rt. Rev. Robert W. Estill 

Suffragan Bishop: The Rt. Rev. Frank H. Vest, Jr. 

Editor: John B. Justice 

Art Director: Mary Sox 

Non-diocesan subscriptions are $10.00. Sub- 
missions are welcome; they are due on the 
10th of the month for the issue dated the 
following month. 

Please send letters and address changes to: 
The Communicant, P.O. Box 17025, Raleigh 
NC, 27619. Phone: (919) 787-6313. 

The Communicant is a member of the Asso- 
ciated Church Press and the Association 
of Episcopal Communicators. Second-class 
postage paid at Raleigh, North Carolina, 
and at additional post offices. Publication 
number: USPS 392-580. 


The Communicant 


wonder if he'd like to have known 

When Mom found out I was there, 
she tried not to think about me— not to 
get attached. She tried not to imagine 
my smile, my hugs, my first words, my 
first steps— the things I thought would 
offer to delight her and the rest of the 
family. No, she thought instead of her 

boyfriend, her job, and her budget— I 
didn't fit into her plans. I would have 
required time, money, energy, imagi- 
nation, love— things in short supply 
with Mom. So she let herself believe 
that I wasn't anything more than a pro- 
blem, kind of like a wart. She had to 
think that to do what she did. 
I want Mom to know that I'm at 

peace; her I can forgive easily. She's 
young and she sought your advice— 
you elders and decision makers. You 
told her you didn't know if I exsisted 
yet so she could choose. From you the 
advice was bad! 

You Episcopalians of all people- 
powerful, well-educated— should have 
raised HOLY HELL about my death. 

You should have joined my futile strug- 
gle. I didn't want to go; I certainly 
didn't want to go quietly. You can help. 
Pray for me. I'll pray for you. 

Love, Baby John 

Glenn H. Gould, Rector 
St. Mark's, Huntersville 

Bishops letter 

Dear Friends, 

Over 300 lay and clergy members of 
the diocesan family attended the "offi- 
cial" groundbreaking at the Conference 
Center, October 2. Under the leadership 
of Youth Coordinator Frances Payne, 
several young people turned the first 
spades of dirt, joined by the bishops 
and members of the building committee 
of the Conference Center's board, staff 
and board of visitors. The $2.9 million 
addition of youth facilities and space 
for families and children is under way. 
This is the first tangible evidence of 
the success of our ACTS campaign, and 
announcement has also been made of 
the first recipients of the Lex Mathews 
Memorial Fund scholarships for wom- 
en, —another goal of ACTS. Fifty thou- 
sand dollars in designated funds have 
also gone to work with farm workers 

and migrant ministry. At this point, in 
actual pledges and cash, the ACTS cam- 
paign is at the $5 million mark. 

This figure represents the largest 
amount ever raised in our Diocese, yet 
our original goal of $6.6 million is still 
unmet. So, we need to complete the 
campaign and realize the goal we set 
for ourselves-. A great deal of outreach 
ministry, which we have agreed we 
want to do, depends on our success. 

At our annual Clergy Conference, 
following the groundbreaking, I asked 
the clergy to keep up the good work 
we have started. There are those who 
have come since the ACTS Campaign 
started and there are "target goals" that 
have not been reached. 

The seal of our diocese shows a little 
band of people in a boat, heading for 
the shore. There is wind in the sail, 
but the people are also rowing. As a 

diocese we must not rest on our oars. 
The winds of the Spirit are driving us 
on, and we must do our part as well. 
If you have not given, I hope you will. 
If your congregation has not reached 
its goal, I hope you will find out why 
and help it do so. If you know of re- 
sources we have not utilized, such as 
foundations or trusts (or like Hardee's, 
which organization donated over 
$10,000 of kitchen equipment), tell us 
about them. 

February 5, 1989 will be designated 
"ACTS Sunday." I hope you will make 
that a day of thanksgiving for what 
has already happened, and a day of 
commitment to reach our final goal. 

Faithfully yours, 
Robert W. Estill 

Suffragan Bishops letter 

Dear Friends in Christ, 

Within the last month there have 
been two significant events which 
directly relate to the future of this 
Church which God has entrusted to us. 

The first was the groundbreaking for 
the Youth Facility at the Conference 
Center at Browns Summit. That ground- 
breaking was a sacrament of the dedi- 
cation of the people of this Diocese 
who care enough about ministry to and 
with our young people to make a com- 
mitment of $2.9 million to provide a 
context in which that ministry can be 
nurtured, informed and sustained. 

The second event that I have in 
mind was the Acolyte Festival at the 
Duke University Chapel. Over 1200 of 
our young people, their clergy and 
their adult advisors gathered for a fes- 
tival celebration of the Holy Eucharist; 
for the fellowship of bread broken to- 
gether—both in the context of the Eu- 
charist and in the context of the lun- 
cheon which followed; and the enjoy- 

ment of a college football game. Thanks 
to the Liturgy and Worship Commission, 
the worship was rich and meaningful; 
thanks to the Reverend Janet Watrous, 

the word preached was powerful; and 
thanks to the young people of this Dio- 
cese, the witness was fresh and com- 
pelling and exhilarating. 

We are blessed in our diocese with 
an exceptional youth ministry under 
the able direction of Frances Payne, our 
Youth Coordinator, and an excellent 
Youth Commission made up of both 
adults and young people. 

Both the General Convention in 
Detroit and the Lambeth Conference 
in Canterbury were significantly aware 
of the Church's ministry to our young 
people, and not only the Church's 
ministry to them, but the ministry 
which they have to offer to us and to 
the world. There was a strong "youth 
presence" both at Detroit and Canter- 
bury. The Pastoral Letter which the 
House of Bishops sent to the Church 
from the 69th General Convention, 
was really addressed to the young peo- 
ple of the Episcopal Church. 

A portion of what we said to our 
young people is as follows: "We are 

calling the whole Church to a new 
commitment of sensitivity, of listening 
and of dialogue. We are also calling 
you, our young people, to be empow- 
ered and trained for mission as our 
partners in faith. Perhaps we are be- 
ginning to recognize that behind all of 
the issues that confront and divide the 
Church, there stands nothing but hu- 
man beings like you, our own young 
people, who are asking us to care 
about you, to take you seriously, and 
to acknowledge your gifts in the pre- 
sent even as we trust the future that 
will be in your hands. We, your bish- 
ops, pledge ourselves to do just that." 
I hope that all of you will join us in 
that commitment, and in that resolve. 
Our young people are not only the 
future of the Church, they are very 
much indeed the Church's present. 

Frank H. Vest Jr. 

November/December 1988 


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I- 1 




Episcopal Times/Diocese op Massachusetts 




Vol. 80, No. 1 

The Newspaper of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 

January 1989 

Annual Convention is all set 

The 173rd annual diocesan convention 
will be held Jan. 26-28 at the Holiday 
Inn/Four Seasons in Greensboro. 

Hosts for the event will be Holy 
Comforter, Burlington, and the Greens- 
boro-area churches. 

Budgets, resolutions, elections and 
bishops' addresses will highlight the 

Business will begin at 7 p.m. on 
Thursday, Jan. 26. After the opening 
business session, delegates will attend 
hearings on resolutions. Also, delegates 
will, for the first time, be able to meet 
with candidates for diocesan offices at 
a reception that will begin at 9 p.m. 
The convention concludes Saturday, 
Jan. 28 with a Holy Eucharist begin- 
ning at noon. 

Delegates will be considering a pro- 
posed 1989 budget that required con- 
siderable last-minute work by the 
Diocesan Council and its Budget De- 

The diocese has a two-part budget 
consisting of the Episcopal Mainte- 
nance Fund and the Church's Program 
Fund. The former supports the work 
of the two bishops, operations of the 
Diocesan House in Raleigh, contribu- 
tions to the national church and some 
other items. The maintenance fund 
portion, funded by mandatory assess- 
ments on congregations, was set at 
$649,331 in the fall. 

However, some last-minute work 
had to be done on the second part, the 
Church's Program Fund. This fund 
supports the work of diocesan staff in 
several areas— program, Christian 
social ministries, communications— as 
well as the work of college chaplains 
and operations of diocesan commis- 

The original program-fund estimate 
of $1,491,414 was trimmed to $1,454,888 
at the recommendation of the Budget 
Department. However, with a project- 
ed shortfall of the voluntary quotas 
which local congregations pay into the 
program fund, council had to make 
some further cuts in program at the 
council's Jan. 11 meeting in Raleigh. 
Here are some of the cuts made: total 
elimination of funding for Land Stew- 
ardship, budgeted at $5200 in 1987, 
$8,000 from the Companion Diocese 
Commission, $7,000 from the Parish 
Grant program, $2,000 from the Chris- 
tian Social Ministries Commission, 
$4,250 from The Communicant (effec- 
tively reducing the number of issues 
per year from nine to eight), $1,000 
from the Education and Training Com- 

The upshot is that convention will 

be presented a Church's Program Fund 
proposed budget of $1,454,888. 

Delegates will be presented plenty 
of resolutions. At least 26 resolutions 
will be presented, including ones ask- 
ing delegates whether they: 

—Support the ordination of the Rev. 
Barbara Harris as Suffragan Bishop of 
Massachusets. (See related story this 

—Oppose the execution of the men- 
tally ill and retarded, and favor humane 
services for persons with mental ill- 

—Wish the diocese to create a com- 
mission to identify and carry out alter- 
natives to abortion and to provide 
first-year funding of $10,000 for such 
an effort. 

—Accept the national church's Gener- 
al Convention designation of the 1990s 
as a "decade of evangelism." 

—Want to instruct the diocese to 
recruit and pay a clergyperson to per- 
form work among the deaf. 

—Support the establishment of an 
association of Episcopal schools. 

(Texts of resolutions are given in the 
convention supplement in this issue.) 

Delegates will elect persons to serve 
on the Diocesan Council, Standing 
Committee, Conference Center Board 
of Directors, Penick Home Board of 
Directors and the Board of Trustees of 
the University of the South. (Please see 
convention supplement for nominees.) 

The Rt. Rev. Robert Estill will make 
his seventh convention address as Bishop 
of North Carolina on Friday morning. 

Suffragan Bishop Frank H. Vest Jr. 
will give his address, his fourth as suf- 
fragan, on Saturday morning. 

Elizabeth-Anne Campagna will speak 
at the second annual hunger lunch 
sponsored by the Hunger Commission. 
As executive director of the YMCA in 
Alexandria, Va., Campagna has been 
honored for molding that Y into a ser- 
vant institution. The hunger lunch will 
be at 11:30 a.m. at Asbury Methodist 
church. Proceeds from the lunch will 
go to the Presiding Bishop's Fund for 
World Relief. 

The speaker for the Friday night 
banquet will be Samuel Williamson, 
newly installed vice-chancellor and 
president of the University of the 
South and former member of Holy 
Family, Chapel Hill. 

Clergy spouses will be given a recep- 
tion at 3:30 p.m. Friday at St. Mary's 
House on the campus of the Universi- 
ty of North Carolina at Greensboro. St. 
Mary's House is the center of Episco- 
palian and ecumenical work directed 
by the Rev. Charles Hawes. • 

Harris receives consent 

On Jan. 3, the Episcopal Diocese of 
Massachusetts announced that Suf- 
fragan Bishop-elect Barbara C. Harris 
had received the necessary consents 
from standing committees in the other 
118 dioceses of the Episcopal church to 
confirm her election as the first wom- 
an bishop in the worldwide Anglican 

Thereupon Presiding Bishop Edmond 
L. Browning asked the diocesan bishops 
for their consent. As with the stand- 
ing committees, a simple majority was 

Bishop David Johnson of Massachu- 
setts said, "I am especially delighted 
for Barbara— that the church has en- 
dorsed her for this new ministry, and 
if s an exciting way for us to move into 
the new year." 

If Harris gains the consent of the 
bishops, she will help Johnson in the 

nation's largest Episcopal diocese, 190 
parishes in the eastern part of Massa- 

Plans have been made to ordain and 
consecrate Harris in Boston on Satur- 
day, Feb. 11. 

The Standing Committee of the 
Diocese of North Carolina, in two sep- 
arate votes, voted not to consent to 
Harris' election. Bishop Robert Estill 
has said he will cast his vote for 
her. • 

Editor's Note: Due to computer 
problems, this issue will be late in 
reaching readers. We've got the pro- 
blems solved and will have the paper 
back on schedule with the February- 
March issue covering the diocesan 
convention. —John Justice 


Around the diocese 

1989: year of prayer 

On Jan. 2, Bishop Robert Estill in- 
serted a prayer request in the diocesan 
prayer network established last year 
by the Episcopal Churchwomen. 

The bishop's request calls for all 
parishes to join in designating 1989 as 
a year of prayer in preparation for the 
1990s as a decade of evangelism. The 
decade was so designated by the na- 
tional church's General Convention in 
Detroit last summer. Another aspect of 
the decade will be implementation of 
the seven other mission imperatives 
which General Convention adopted: 
Christian education, worldwide Angli- 
can Communion, communications, 
peace and justice, total stewardship, 
the family and the unity of all God's 

At the Feb. 1-2 diocesan worship 
retreat at Browns Summit, Bishop 
Estill will lead Episcopal women of the 
diocese in preparation for the year of 
prayer and the decade of evangelism. 

Applications are still being accepted 
for the retreat, "By water and the Holy 
Spirit." To register, please use the form 
on page 3. 

UTO has money to 
help start projects 

Small projects needing startup money 
of $500-1500 should consider applying 
for grants from the United Thank Of- 
fering (UTO). 

Bishop Robert Estill and all other 
diocesan bishops were each given 
$1500 centennial gifts by the UTO 
Committee at General Convention in 
Detroit last July. 

The bishop is challenging diocesan 
organizations and individuals to come 
up with ideas for using the $1500. 

Grant requests are being channeled 
through the office of the Rev. James 
Lewis, Episcopal Diocese of North 
Carolina, P.O. Box 17025, Raleigh, NC 
27619; (919) 787-6313. 

(Power) house of prayer 

A series of workshops called (Power) 
House of Prayer is being held to help 
make 1989 a year of prayer in prepara- 
tion of the 1990s as a decade of evan- 

The workshops are designed to help 
congregations determine how God 
might us us, His praying people— to 
make our houses of prayer become 
"powerhouses" of prayer— places where 
the ministry of prayer is exercised in a 
variety of ways. 

The Anglican Fellowship of Prayer 
developed the workshops to take the 
participants through a series of prayer 
experiences. Participants will receive 
in advance a workbook containing the 
teaching aspects of prayer. The prepara- 
tion is intended to increase the benefits 

Our College Chaplains: The diocese supports the work of seven chaplains plus the College Chaplain Commission. Shown here, from left, 
are: (front) the Rev. Earl Brill, Duke University; the Rev. Janet Watrous, Saint Mary's College; the Rev. David Stanford, UNC-Chspel HIM; (rear) 
the Rev. Will Hlnson, Charlotte-area colleges; the Rev. Cyril Burke, St. Augustine's College; the Rev. William Brettmann, North Carolina 
State University; and the Rev. Charles Hawes, UNC-Greensboro. Not pictured is the Rev. Robert McGee, who works with the Wlnston-Salem- 
area colleges. 

realized from attending the workshops. 

Among the various approaches to be 
covered are: personal prayer and Bible 
study, group prayer, journaling, spiritu- 
al friendship, prayer for inner healing 
(including a healing service) and crea- 
tive prayer planning. 

These workshops have been held 
successfully in Michigan, Louisiana, In- 
diana, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Canada. 
In this diocese, St. Timothy's, Winston- 
Salem, hosted a workshop on Nov. 12 
of last year. 

For information please contact 
Mildred L. Greene, Anglican Fellow- 
ship of Prayer Diocesan Representa- 
tive, P.O. Box 652, Bermuda Run, NC 

Belize gets new bishop 

Brother Desmond Smith, a Franciscan 
priest and native of Belize, has been 
elected Bishop of Belize. 

The new bishop of North Carolina's 
companion diocese will be consecrated 
in Belize City on Feb. 2. Suffragan 
Bishop Frank H. Vest Jr. and his wife 
Ann will attend the ceremony, along 
with Martha Alexander, chair of the 
Companion Diocese Commission, and 
her husband Jim. The Alexanders are 
members of Christ Church, Charlotte. 

Bro. Desmond (who will follow 
Franciscan custom by retaining the ti- 
tle "Brother") was elected Nov. 24 by 
the House of Bishops of the Province 
of the West Indies, meeting in Nassau, 
Bahamas. He succeeds the Rt. Rev. 
Keith McMillan, who died April 9, 1988. 

The new bishop has been rector of 

the Franciscan parish of St. Stephen's, 
Princes Town, Trinidad, since 1980. 
Before that, he served in Africa for a 
number of years, first at the Fran- 
ciscan mission in Fiwila, Zambia, and 
later as guardian of the Dar es Salaam 
friary in Tanzania. Along with his 
parish work at St. Stephen's, Bro. Des- 
mond has had an extensive ministry as 
a spiritual director and retreat leader 
in the Caribbean. 

"The Franciscan family throughout 
the world is thrilled with our brother's 
election," said Bro. Rodney Godden, 
American Minister Provincial. " Des- 
mond is a popular friar and has been a 
very successful parish priest in Trini- 
dad. His wide range of pastoral and 
administrative skills, I'm sure, will 
make him a good and loving bishop to 
his people." 

Charlotte worker honored 

A retired school psychologist who 
prodded a declining Charlotte neigh- 
borhood to fight for its survival is one of 
the 1988 winners of the Nancy Susan 
Reynolds Awards for extraordinary 
leadership at the grassroots level. 

She is Mildred Taylor, who won the 
Reynolds award for advocacy for her 
work in Optimist Park in north Char- 
lotte. The 68-year-old Taylor organized 
neighborhood people to block a com- 
muter highway that would have sliced 
through Optimist Park. She turned the 
task force into a permanent organiza- 
tion that helped Habitat for Humanity 
volunteers to build more than 40 new 
houses and undertook other neighbor- 

hood revitalization projects. 

In her work, Taylor cited the help 
of Christ the King Center, a diocesan- 
funded chapel and neighborhood ser- 
vice center in Optimist Park. 

The Reynolds Awards— each a 
$25,000 grant, $20,000 of which the 
recipient gives to a charity— is a pro- 
ject of the Z. Smith Reynolds Founda- 
tion and are given annually to as many 
as three North Carolinians who have 
worked without recognition and in 
ways that may be outside the main- 
stream of existing organizations. 

The Communicant is published monthly, 
September through June, with a combined 
issue for February and March, by the Episco- 
pal Diocese of North Carolina. 

Bishop: The Rt. Rev. Robert W. Estill 

Suffragan Bishop: The Rt. Rev. Frank H. Vest, Jr. 

Editor: John B. Justice 

Art Director: Mary Sox 

Non-diocesan subscriptions are $10.00. Sub- 
missions are welcome; they are due on the 
10th of the month for the issue dated the 
following month. 

Please send letters and address changes to: 
The Communicant, P.O. Box 17025, Raleigh 
NC, 27619. Phone: (919) 787-6313. 

The Communicant is a member of the Asso- 
ciated Church Press and the Association 
of Episcopal Communicators. Second-class 
postage paid at Raleigh, North Carolina, 
and at additional post offices. Publication 
number: USPS 392-580. 

The Communicant 

Diocese has rep for PB's fund 

For the first time, the diocese has a 
representative for the Presiding Bishop's 
Fund for World Relief, the 38-year-old 
national-church program which de- 
ploys millions of dollars each year to 
ease suffering around the world. 

Linda Hensley of Holy Trinity, 
Greensboro, is the diocese's coordinator 
for the fund. Bishop Robert Estill ap- 
pointed her to take the fund's work to 
the congregations, organize a parish net- 
work for the Presiding Bishop's fund, 
prepare materials and programs for 
diocesan conventions and other events 
and to do other work. 

Hensley has already begun visiting 
parishes and is asking each congrega- 
tion to appoint a representative to the 
diocese's parish network. Her work is 
pointing toward a first meeting of the 
network on Sept. 9 at Holy Trinity. A 
representative from the New York of- 
fice of the Presiding Bishop's Fund will 
be present at that meeting. 

The new appointee holds undergrad- 
uate and master's degrees from Appa- 
lachian State University and has a long 
history of church work related to her 
new position, including: service on the 
board of Greensboro Urban Ministries, 
chairman of Holy Trinity's Christian 
Social Ministries Commission, coordi- 

nation of Holy Trinity's refugee reset- 
tlement program, supply coordinator 
for North Carolina Cursillo, coordina- 
tor of a Saturday enrichment program 
for the Greensboro city schools and 
much more. 

"I was immediately drawn to accept 
the job," Hensley said, "because the 
Presiding Bishop's Fund has always 

stood as a marvelous symbol for the 
church's commitment to human beings 
in need, wherever they may be in the 

"My hope is that we can make this 
fund and the work it does important 
to all Episcopalians in North Carolina 
so that more can be done for the un- 
fortunate of the world." 

Bishop Furman Stough and Linda Hensley. 

Presiding Bishop Edmond Browning 
has appointed Bishop Furman Stough 
of Alabama to be deputy for the fund. 
Stough directs a staff at the Episcopal 
Church Center in New York and coor- 
dinates work with volunteers in the 
dioceses. Hensley attended a meeting 
of coordinators in Atlanta last year at 
which instructions were given on fund- 
raising for the Presiding Bishop's Fund. 

Both Browning and Stough view the 
fund as a means of helping others help 
themselves. And the presiding bishop 
has said: 

"The fund must demonstrate the 
capacity of the Episcopal Church to 
respond immediately, effectively and 
efficiently to emergent human needs. 
I want it to be clearly understood that 
the fund must be one of the clearest 
signs of the compassionate leadership 
of our church. The fund must incar- 
nate the compassion that abounds in 
our church. It must tap into the deep 
well of loving concern and outreach 
that is one of the great marks of our 

Anyone wishing information on the 
Presiding Bishop's Fund for World 
Relief may contact Linda Hensley at 
2410 Hawthorne St., Greensboro, NC 
27408. • 

Church's stewardship work 

The Rev. Ted Vorhees wishes to draw 
communicants' attention to the follow- 
ing stewardship statement adopted by 
General Convention at Detroit last 
summer. Vorhees, rector of St. John's, 
Wake Forest, is chairman of the dio- 
cese's Stewardship Commission. 

Stewardship is the Main 
Work of the Church 

The Book of Common Prayer teaches 
us that "The Mission of the Church is 
to restore all people to unity with God 
and each other in Christ" and that "the 
Church carries out its mission through 
the ministry of all its members." The 
unstated but clear implication of this 
teaching is that the main work of the 
Church is involving people in using all 
that is entrusted to them in carrying 
out the mission. Said simply, steward- 
ship is the main work of the Church. 

Thus, stewardship is more than 
church support; it is the use of "the 
gifts given to us to carry on Christ's 
work of reconciliation in the world." 
Therefore, the way we use or do not 
use resources to further unity and 
reconciliation in our homes, our com- 
munities, and our occupations is our 
stewardship. Yet, stewardship is not 
less than church support. Our wor- 

shiping, working, praying, and giving 
within the Church provide the support 
that we and others need to engage in 
the often difficult and lonely tasks of 
proclaiming the good news, loving our 
neighbors, and striving for justice and 

Stewardship is more than a duty; it 
is a thankful response to God's gracious- 
ness to us. As such, it is an opportu- 
nity to praise God with our lives in 
thanksgiving— for the blessings of crea- 
tion; for the birth, life, teaching, death, 
and resurrection of Jesus Christ and our 
redemption; for the gift of the Spirit; 
for the word, sacraments, and fellow- 
ship that sustain and transform us as 
the Church. 

Stewardship is an adventure, an ex- 
pedition into the kingdom where we 
find our lives through losing them for 
the sake of the Gospel. It is an invita- 
tion to offer our gifts for the purpose 
for which we were created— the only 
purpose that will fulfill us. It is a chal- 
lenge to refocus our lives by designing 
our budgets around tithing. It offers us 
a way to begin breaking the bonds of 
consumption that involve us, often un- 
wittingly, in perpetuating injustice and 

All of God's people, within and 

without the Church, can learn that to 
be held accountable for our lives as 
stewards of God's gifts is to discover 
our own true great worth before God. 
We believe that discovery, too, is a 
gift, a gift that brings unspeakable joy. 

The main work of the Church is to 
bring its people, and through them all 
people, to this joyful knowledge, 
which will. . ."restore all people to 
the unity with God and each other in 
Christ." • 

Worship Retreat with Bishop Robert Estill 

Wed., Feb. 1, 1989, 12 noon until Thurs., Feb. 2, 12 noon. 

The Conference Center/Browns Summit 

Sponsored by the Episcopal Churchwomen of the Diocese 






Fee: $40 (includes double room, all meals, and reduced service). 
Make checks out to ECW Worship Retreat and mail to: 
Peggy S. Manly, 725 Lakestone Drive, Raleigh, NC 27609; (919) 787-3382. 
Deadline: January 21, 1989 

January 1989 


Just what are impeccable 
credentials, anyway? 

During my stay in this diocese, I 
have found that our Standing Com- 
mittees have usually exercised wise 
and sound judgement in the deci- 
sions which they have made. 
Whenever our vestry has had to seek 
their counsel and decisions, they have 
always been fair and understanding of 
our circumstances and helpful in the 
judgments made. Heretofore, I have 
had few or no reasons to question 
their judgment. 

However, with the reasons given for 
the rejection of the Rev. Barbara Har- 
ris for election as Suffragan Bishop of 
the Diocese of Massachusetts, the ma- 
jority of the members of our Standing 
Committee seem to have succumbed 
to a mental and spiritual paralysis 
which suggests a lack of faith in our 
church and a distrust of the power of 
the Holy Spirit in the doings of the 
church in our day. I have never read 
in Holy Scripture, our Prayer Book, or 
gleaned from the theology of our Hym- 
nal that a person must possess "impec- 
cable credentials." What are "impecca- 
ble credentials," anyway? I am aware 
that all of us, laity and clergy, are en- 
dowed with varying gifts, etc., but I 
don't believe that it is possible for any 
of us to be endowed with "impeccable 
credentials." Seems to me, the Holy 
Spirit has something to say about that. 

"Style of leadership" seems equally 
vacuous as a reason to reject an episco- 
pal nomination. I was not aware until 
now that there was only one style of 
leadership appropriate for the episco- 
pacy. Over the years, I have observed 
a wide variety of leadership styles in 
our church and felt that we were bless- 
ed to have that variety. "There are 
diversities of gifts, but the same spirit. 
There are differences of administra- 
tions, but the same Lord." 

We have been blessed with very 
solid leadership in the service rendered 
by the good people of this diocese who 
constitute our Standing Committees, 
but I think that they fell asleep at the 
wheel on this one. We really wonder: 

The Rev. Arthur J. Calloway, Rector 
St. Ambrose, Raleigh 

Some positive words for 
the Standing Committee 

Anyone who follows letters to the 
editor in any publication has to be 
aware that negative expressions in 
such forums are more prevalent than 
positive ones, and this is well illustra- 
ted in the November-December Com- 
municant. Actions of our diocesan Stand- 
ing Committee certainly do not need 
any defense or explanation from me, 
but I do feel that a public statement of 
support for them is called for. And I do 

support and respect the decisions of the 
Standing Committee, even those deci- 
sions that I do not personally agree with. 

Perhaps the good that will come 
from the Barbara Harris "controversy" 
in this diocese will be a wider under- 
standing of the canonical role of dioce- 
san Standing Committees in the pro- 
cess leading to the consecration of any 
bishop in the Episcopal Church. Cer- 
tainly the writers of those canons and 
the conventions that adopted them ex- 
pected more from Standing Committees' 
"consents" than mere rubber stamping 
of an election; how then, can withhold- 
ing that consent be considered "arro- 
gant" or "second-guessing"? 

The issue may or may not have been 
on the agenda mailed to our Standing 
Committee before their October meet- 
ing; however, every member of that 
committee knew from the day that Ms. 
Harris' election on Sept. 24 was an- 
nounced that he or she would be called 
upon to give or withhold consent to 
her consecration and I find it hard to 
believe that any of them came to the 
October meeting totally unprepared to 
make a decision. And the month bet- 
ween the election and the October 
meeting of the Standing Committee 
was surely long enough for anyone in 
the diocese to have expressed her or his 
opinion to a member of the committee. 

The members of our present Stand- 
ing Committee represent the very best 
in our diocese, lay and clergy, in terms 
and experience and judgment and in 
understanding of Episcopal tradition 
and procedure, and they were not 
elected because they espoused any 
particular issue, cause or point of view. 
It is to be hoped that we will continue 
to elect such qualified persons to our 
Standing Committee. 

Jane Ruffin House 
St. Paul's, Louisburg 

Harris has been a prophet 

I READ with interest The Communicant 
when it is able to make its way north 
to Philadelphia! I was born and raised 
in Greensboro, ordained in High Point, 
and spent the first 10 years of my or- 
dained ministry in the Diocese of North 
Carolina. I am also a neighbor of Bar- 
bara Harris and was very disappointed 
in your Standing Committee's decision 
to not support her consecration in the 
Diocese of Massachusetts. 

Proximity to Ms. Harris is perhaps 
important, for here we are more con- 
cerned with her leadership and at 
times prophetic voice than we are that 
her credentials be impeccable. By word 
and example she has stood for the rights 
of minorities, in and out of the church. 
At times I do not like what she says, 
but I take her seriously and often find 
later that she has been a prophet to me. 

It is just that voice that concerns me 
in the episcopate. I pray that she will 

not be so overwhelmed by her pastoral 
responsibilities to the majority that she 
will not be able to speak for minorities 
in a way that also speaks to me. 

The Rev. John Ivey Jessup III 

St. Philip-in-the-Fields 

Oreland, Pa. 

Committee's judgment good 

The Standing Committee of this dio- 
cese used good judgment in voting 
overwhelmingly not to consent to the 
election of Barbara Harris as Suf- 
fragan Bishop of Massachusetts. 

An individual who is not a college 
graduate or a seminary graduate is a 
weak candidate for ordination, much 
less consecration. To say that she 
was held to more rigorous standards 
than a man on this basis alone is 
simply ridiculous. 

Floyd G. Whitney III 
St. Timothy's, Raleigh 

Give thanks that 
we're not radical 

With respect to the election of the 
Reverend Barbara Harris as Suffragan 
Bishop of Massachusetts, let us give 
thanks that we are not like our neigh- 
bors in the radical liberal avant garde 
Diocese of East Carolina, or our neigh- 
bors in the radical liberal avant garde 
Diocese of Virginia. She was over- 
whelmingly approved in both of those 
places, but we all know how far out 
those people are in Kinston and Rich- 

As a child in Burke County, I was 
taught that we were "first at Bethel, 
farthest at Gettysburg, and last at 
Appomattox." I believe we still are. 

The Rev. James B. Craven III 
St. Joseph's, Durham 

Praise for committee 

The diocese's Standing Committee de- 
serves praise for its responsible stance 
in rejecting Rev. Barbara C. Harris as 
Suffragan Bishop of Massachusetts. 
The election of Ms. Harris as bishop 
would reinforce all the eroding stan- 
dards in America. Our American culture 
has been in a decline over the past 20 
years as reflected in: our literature; the 
movies produced; television programs 
(particularly those shown on cable); in 
our lack of moral standards; in the illi- 
teracy that is rampant in our culture. 
America iias been taking the easy 
way out as exemplified by the election 
of Ms. Harris whom I feel should not 
even have been ordained priest. Semi- 
nary offers a special program for those 
who wish ordination to the priesthood. 
The Anglican Church has always insist- 

ed on a high standard of education for 
its priests and bishops, and we must 
insist that these high standards be 
kept. We must take the lead in a strict 
educational program for all people in 
America no matter what their vocation, 
and reverse the lax educational stan- 
dards in America. 

I personally support the ordination 
of women as priests and as bishops in 
our church, but as we have insisted on 
high standards of education for our male 
priests and bishops, we must insist on 
the same standards for women. . . ." 

James H. Hight Jr. 
Holy Innocents, Henderson 

Some in diocese support 
the Standing Committee 

I wish TO go on record as supporting 
the Standing Committee's decision not 
to consent to the election of Barbara 
Harris. Every letter printed in the [No- 
vember-December] Communicant on 
this subject came out in objection to 
the committee's decision. I want them 
to know that there are some in the 
diocese who support their decision. 

I do not oppose the ordination of a 
woman to the episcopate. I believe in 
equal access to all phases of the minis- 
try in Christ's church for those who 
are called according to God's purpose. 

In reading the service on ordination 
of a bishop, I come upon a list of ques- 
tions in the examination the bishop- 
elect must answer. One question is 
"Will you guard the faith, unity, and dis- 
cipline of the Church?" In choosing to 
serve as crucifer at the "ordination" of 
the Philadelphia 11, Ms. Harris chose 
to disregard the canons of the church. 
Even though she was a lay member 
then and the canons have since been 
changed, her involvement raises seri- 
ous questions as to how she would ap- 
proach other canons either present or 
future with which she does not agree. 

A bishop is pastor to all and should 
be an example for the entire church to 
follow. I am sure that within the or- 
dained community eligible for the epis- 
copate there exists many who would 
by their lives and example fulfill the 
qualifications and qualities needed. I 
am deeply concerned and convinced 
that Barbara Harris is not one of these. 

Jon E. Griffin 
St. Stephen's, Oxford 

Embarrassed, saddened 

Fcr the first time in my life as an 
Episcopalian, I am embarrassed. This 
embarrassment is in addition to being 
saddened and outraged that the Diocese 
of North Carolina, through its Standing 
Committee, has declined to consent to 
the consecration of Rev. Harris. This 
action, to me, rivals the pomposity of 

The Communicant 


- ■. i * v . h S 




17 3rd 




Commission on Aging 

The Commission on Aging, composed of 19 
members and officially under the Mission and 
Outreach Committee, began about eight years 
ago with the Rev. Philip Brown as chairman. 
We have as our stated purpose to plan, de- 
velop and implement a network of churches 
throughout the diocese to find out what the 
issues of aging are in order to enhance the 
ministry by, with and for older adults in each 

To accomplish this, we have been charged 
to educate ourselves and help to identify and 
disseminate resources, share effective parish 
models, provide training, sponsor educational 
seminars for older adults and parish leaders 
and work toward becoming advocates on be- 
half of the aging, enabling others to join us. 

In 1988 this commission focused on two 
issues: advocacy— legislation which concerns 
older adults— and alcohol and substance abuse 
among the elderly. Our Network Meeting on 
April 13, held at the Penick Home in Southern 
Pines, was attended by 48 representatives of 
parishes throughout the diocese. Greg Brewer, 
legal counsel for the North Carolina Division 
of Aging, spoke to the group and led them 
through the process of effective advocacy/lob- 
bying for favorable legislation affecting the 
older population. He urged church members 
to get involved with the legislative process 
and learn how to impact the decisions being 

On Sept. 14, the Commission on Aging co- 
sponsored a workshop for parish represen- 
tatives and interested parishioners with the 
Commission on Alcohol and Substance Abuse. 
This workshop, also held at the Penick Home, 
was light in attendance, but intense in inter- 
est. Convener was Debbie Hodsson, member 
of the Commission on Alcohol and Substance 
Abuse, and speakers were the Rev. John 
Shields, chair of the commission; Dr. Ted 
Clark, medical director of Piedmont Treat- 
ment Center, Southern Pines; Franklin In- 
gram, director of Chaps, Inc.; and Dr. James 
S. Alexander. The overriding message from 
the workshop was that one vital component 
of ministry to the aging is one of education, 
especially for care-givers (families and profes- 
sionals). Each person at the workshop repre- 
senting a parish was urged to work to find 
ways to disseminate all available material and 
information on the subject. John Shields of- 
fered the services of the speakers' bureau of 
the Commission on Alcohol and Substance 
Abuse to any parish desiring it. He also an- 
nounced that the commission was sponsoring 
a conference for children of alcoholic parents 
at the Conference Center in Browns Summit 
in early December. 

Another issue our commission has been 
dealing with this year is adequate housing for 
medium to low income elderly persons. The 
commission went on record in a letter to 
Bishop Estill emphasizing the urgent need in 
our diocese for quality total life-care facilities 
that would recognize the inability for many 
of our parishioners to be able to pay for high- 
cost facilities. Several approaches are being 
considered at present, and we will continue 
to monitor any future plans. 

The Commission on Aging took a quantum 
leap in October, co-sponsoring an Interfaith 
Symposium for Ministry with the Aging with 
nine other inter-faith organizations. Other 
sponsoring organizations were the Mars Hill 
College Gerontology Center (and also the 
planning group], Hillhaven Corporation, Epis- 
copal Diocese of Western North Carolina, De- 
partment of Aging, North Carolina Baptist 
State Convention, the Moravian Church, 
Catholic Diocese of Charlotte, Episcopal Dio- 
cese of East Tennessee, Episcopal Ministry to 
the Aging, South Carolina. 

As co-sponsors, we gave financial support 
as well as providing mailing lists and actively 
recruiting participation in our diocese. Eight 

members of our commission were in atten- 
dance with a number of other people from 
around the diocese. This symposium, held 
Oct. 26-28 in Asheville, was attended by 185 
people from 13 states and the District of Col- 
umbia. Being a part of this excellent event 
proved to be very helpful in terms of involve- 
ment and attendance. We came home with a 
much better vision of our mission in terms of 
issues and priorities. One priority, which we 
have already set for next year, will be to ac- 
tively involve more parishes in our diocese in 
the process of identifying the concerns and 
needs of older people among us. So enthusi- 
astic was our commission with our ecumeni- 
cal networking at the symposium that we plan 
to co-sponsor next year's symposium! 

Dorothy C. Latham, Chair 

Commission on Historic 
St. John's, Williamsboro 

The Commission on Historic St. John's, the 
colonial church in our diocese, has held three 
special services this past year. The most im- 
portant one was our annual service on the se- 
cond Sunday in October. Michelle Francis, 
archivist of the diocese, was our speaker. We 
also hosted an Ascension Eve Eucharist and a 
candlelight Advent carol service on the Sun- 
day before Christmas. 

On summer Sunday afternoons we have 
hosted open house to all visitors. We had two 
churches bring their congregations on pil- 
grimages which included their own services. 

The commission has overseen use of the 
property and building, including repainting the 
exterior. The commission thanks the Guild 
members who have helped us. We are grate- 
ful for the support and interest shown by so 
many of the diocese in our mother church. 

The Rev. Harrison T. Simons, Chairperson 

Small Church Commission 

Your Small Church Commission has met 
five times this year. Its members have given 
additional time to consulting with several con- 
gregations. A couple of these were with small 
parishes which, because of size and budget 
limitations, wished to consider renewing their 
mission status until stronger. We encourage 
other congregations, with such problems, to 
consider the same. 

Other consultations have been to help 
churches or clergy as they begin to share new 
ministry together; to assist new congregations 
in their development. 

To become more aware personally of the 
needs and problems of small churches in our 
diocese, we held two meetings in small chur- 
ches: one at St. Mary Magdalene, Troy, and 
the other at Trinity Church, Scotland Neck. 
At the first we concentrated on new church 
ministry; at the other we concentrated on 
rural church problems. 

The commission is always interested in en- 
couraging persons to consider small church 
ministry. One of the programs we initiated 
was an intern training program for Episcopal 
students at Duke Divinity School. The Ap- 
palachian Peoples Service Organization (AP- 
SO) encouraged us in this with a $500 mat- 
ching grant from the commission. Duke 
Divinity School aided us with a $1,000 grant 
and the sponsoring congregations of Oxford 
are providing the other $1,000. Hugh Fulcher, 
a senior Episcopalian at Duke Divinity 
School, is fulfilling his intern year with the 
Episcopal Churches of Oxford, providing 
special emphasis of ministry to St. Cyprian's. 
We hope other churches will see the value of 
this program. Since the cost may be pro- 
hibitive for some interested small churches, 
we hope a larger church of the diocese would 
offer to help underwrite it as a ministry to 
small churches in future years. 

While we have had no major diocesan con- 
ferences for small churches this year, we 
assisted five congregations to send teams to 

the Virginia-Carolinas Small Church Con- 
ference at Trinity Center. We hope to do the 
same next year. Also, we have begun arrange- 
ments to host three regional workshops in 
the diocese in 1989 on small church ministry 
to be led by the Rev. Webster L. Simons, Jr., 
retired Archdeacon of Coalition 16 of East 

The commission continues to carry on a 
valuable supportive ministry to our small 
churches. We are the largest number of con- 
gregations in this diocese, including eight 
new mission churches begun over the last 
five years. However, of equal concern to us 
are the many older congregations that seek to 
maintain strong, viable ministries in com- 
munities with limited population growth. 
From many of these go young persons and 
families to the larger metropolitan congrega- 
tions. We are proud of the roots of the faith 
they take with them and of our part in this. 

The Rev. Harrison T. Simons, Chairperson 

Clergy Deployment 

In 1988 the Clergy Deployment Commission 
continued to assist clergy in registering and 
updating with the Clergy Deployment Office 
(CDO) in New York. In addition, 17 congrega- 
tions used the diocesan deployment officer to 
make known their clergy vacancies and to 
receive names of available clergy. 

Diocesan clergy were contacted by mail or 
in person and urged to update with the CDO. 
Many clergy took advantage of this invitation 
and conferred with members of the commis- 
sion. A welcome booklet on clergy/congrega- 
tion evaluation, titled Mutual Ministry Review, 
was made available to all parochial clergy of 
the diocese. 

The excellent work of the North Carolina 
Episcopal Consultant Network continues to be 
essential in the diocesan search process. Small 
congregations should note that a special man- 
ual for their search has been developed and 
is available from the bishop's office. 

The commission looks forward to continu- 
ing its assistance to the diocese in 1989. 

The Rev. William E. Smyth 
Diocesan Deployment Officer 

Commission on Ministry 

The Commission on Ministry meets at least 
six times during the calendar year at our 
diocesan Conference Center in Browns Sum- 
mit, for an overnight meeting, or at our Dio- 
cesan House in Raleigh. The vast majority of 
our meetings are at the Conference Center. It 
is the mission of the commission to meet 
with all persons who are desirous of ordina- 
tion from aspirancy to ordination to the diaco- 
nate. At each stage of the ordination process, 
we meet with them and then make our rec- 
ommendations to the bishop. We serve as a 
council of advice to the bishop and assist him 
in discerning and affirming those who are 
called to the ordained ministry at all phases of 
their spiritual and intellectual development. 

This year has really been exciting as we 
grappled with strengthening the Aspirancy 
Overnight Conference. We scheduled a 
special planning meeting at our Conference 
Center to discuss it. I am pleased to report 
that we rejected the temptation to hire out- 
side consultants but used the tremendous ex- 
pertise that was readily available on our com- 
mission. All of the members of the commis- 
sion join me in thanking our co-members: 
Janet Watrous, Collins Dawson and Stephen 
Elkins-Williams in planning a fruitful and 
successful workshop. 

We have recommended some changes in 
the format of the conference to the bishop. 
We also recommended that the term "Intern 
Year" be eliminated and that we change the 
designation to "The Aspirant's Ordination 
Discernment Year." It was agreed unanimous- 
ly that this new title is appropriate as the year 



in which the aspirant is assigned to a specific 
church is indeed a year of discernment. 

We have also recommended to the bishop 
that supervisors of the aspirants be chosen 
with care. We recommended that they re- 
ceive training before being asked to serve. It 
is important that all supervisors seek to nur- 
ture and affirm within the individual the 
kinds of strengths and spirituality that an or- 
dained person must possess to be an effective 

Province IV sponsors a meeting yearly for 
the Commissions on Ministry. Our diocese 
sent the chairperson and a lay person. We 
discussed the new Canon III on ministry. As 
you know, the entire canon on ministry has 
been revised, and the Commission on Minis- 
tries are now responsible to assist the bishop 
in all ministries, lay and ordained. In that 
context, the commission, at the request of the 
bishop, met with representatives for the lay 
academy centered primarily in Greensboro. 

I certainly want to thank all of the members 
of the Commission on Ministry for their sup- 
port. Every year, four members rotate from 
the commission at our Diocesan Convention. 

It is a very joyful experience to watch how 
quickly the new appointees become assimi- 
lated on the commission. Truly the spirit of 
God is at work amongst us. 

Cyril C. Burke, Chairperson 


Cursillo is a movement of the church that 
helps Christians learn and live what is fun- 
damental for being a Christian. The Cursillo 
movement in the Diocese of North Carolina 
has continued to grow and mature during 
1988. Weekend training events were held in 
March, July and November, in which 123 
team members served the 105 people attend- 
ing. Hundreds of small support groups called 
"Group Reunions" meet on a weekly basis to 
encourage Christians to be Christ's witnesses 
in their various environments. Each month, 
eight regional support groups called "Ultreyas" 
also meet to encourage Christians to persevere. 
Both kinds of groups welcome other Chris- 
tians to join them. 

In October, 1988, Melanie Dent, Judi Davis, 
Collins Dawson and Carolyn Darst attended 
the National Episcopal Cursillo Seminar in 
Waterbury, Conn. This is the fourth year that 
our diocese has been represented at the na- 
tional seminar. 

The North Carolina Episcopal Cursillo is 
governed by a 17-member body called the sec- 
retariat. The members are appointed by the 
bishop. The secretariat met six times in 1988. 
The newly appointed chairman is Melanie 
Dent, Christ Church, Charlotte. Members of 
the secretariat are available to speak to parish 
groups about Cursillo. For more information, 
contact Carolyn Darst, Executive Secretary, 
North Carolina Episcopal Cursillo, P.O. Box 
10322, Greensboro, NC 27404. 

Kay Shields, Chairman 

Education and Training 

1988 was the year of change for the Educa- 
tion and Training Commission. After 17 years 
of active and productive service, the Rev. 
Harrison Simons left the chairmanship of the 
commission. As the new chair, I felt we need- 
ed to define and acquaint ourselves with goals 
and objectives, especially since we had many 
new members to the commission. Seventeen 
members now make up the commisson. 

This group continues to support the com- 
mission's purpose: to enhance Christian Edu- 
cation in the diocese by strengthening devel- 
opment of ministries and growth in personal 
faith and congregational life; by designing 
and offering programs, conferences, training 
events and resources; and by providing indi- 
vidual scholarships, assistance and consulta- 
tive services. 

The Communicant 

To achieve these purposes, the commission 
focused on the development of the major dio- 
cesan conferences and workshops already in 
the planning stages. These were continuations 
of past years' efforts: HOPE Conference (How 
Our Parishes Educate); the Young Adults Con- 
ference; and the Empowering for Ministry 
program in the Greensboro area. 

The Education and Training Commission 
sponsored three regional post-Lambeth meet- 
ings. These meetings were held in the fall at 
St. Timothy's, Winston-Salem; St. Mark's, 
Raleigh; and St. Martin's, Charlotte. 

Other major areas of continued support for 
education and training for ministry are CLAY 
(Clergy and Laity Together in Ministry), an 
ecumenical organization that offers small 
group courses in congregations, and EFM 
(Education for Ministry), a four-year program 
which provides theological understandings 
for lay ministry. There are 20 groups func- 
tioning at the present time with over 160 
graduates from this program. 

We have representation on the Middle 
Atlantic Training and Consulting Board, and 
this has enabled us to offer reduced rates for 
their training programs to 18 participants this 

A lending library of resources for use by 
our congregations is operated through the Dio- 
cesan House office of the Ven. Neff Powell. 
The Education/Liturgy Resource Center con- 
tinues to provide exhibits at many education 
conferences throughout the country. Two of 
our commission members serve in Christian 
Education in the province. 

Although we are in transition at this time, 
the commission is developing its programs, 
defining its objectives and seeking ways to 
reach the congregations with improved pro- 
grams. The success of the regional meetings 
for post-Lambeth encourages us to offer simi- 
lar events for training and Christian Educa- 
tion. The design model used by the ELI (Epis- 
copal Lay Institute) in the Greensboro area 
focusing on the empowerment of lay ministry 
has shown good results and we are expectant 
in our planning to use this course material in 
other areas of the diocese. 

This is a talented group of education leaders 
with many gifts. The commission will endeav- 
or to use these talents to serve you well. I am 
grateful for the opportunity to chair such an 
exciting commission. Thank you. 

Mrs. Betty Johnson, Chair 

Commission on St. Andrew's 

The 148th anniversary of the consecration of 
St. Andrew's was celebrated on Aug. 28, 1988. 
The communion service from the 1789 Book 
of Common Prayer was used, this being the 
Prayer Book in use by the Episcopal Church 
at the consecration in August, 1840. 

The celebrant and preacher was the Rev. 
Downs Spitler, St. Timothy's, Wilson, assisted 
by the Rev. Willis Rosenthal and the Rev. 
Claude Collins. Special pump organ and ham- 
mer dulcimer music was provided. Approx- 
imately 275 persons attended the service. The 
service was followed by a picnic under the 
oaks. After the picnic, the Order of Holy Bap- 
tism was administered by the Rev. Mayo Lit- 
tle, St. Luke's, Salisbury. 

G. W. Etheridge, Chairman 

Planned Giving Commission 

The Planned Giving Commission serves to 
emphasize and enhance what is probably the 
most neglected side of stewardship— the plan- 
ned disposition of our accumulated wealth. 
While institutions such as schools, universi- 
ties, hospitals and charities have sought to de- 
velop their organizations through the procure- 
ment of bequests and special gifts, the church, 
surprisingly, has only in recent years ap- 
proached this aspect of stewardship in a seri- 
ous and deliberate manner. 

A major function of the Planned Giving 
Commission is to raise important questions 

with as many members of the diocese as pos- 
sible; Do you have a will? What do you plan 
to do with your accumulated assets? What 
portion do you plan to leave for the work of 
your church? These are questions of Christian 

The Planned Giving Commission dissemi- 
nates information about the importance of 
estate planning. More especially, it endeavors 
to develop the potential for greater services and 
expanded programs for the church through 
effective estate planning— which can result in 
benefits for both one's family and one's 

Another function of the commission is to 
provide knowledgeable assistance to those 
who have made, or hope to make, decisions 
about their estates. This function is carried 
out through the work of our Planned Giving 
Officer, the Rev. Royal Dedrick, who serves 
in this capacity as a part-time diocesan 
employee. Because estate planning usually in- 
volves large gifts, careful consideration of 
family needs and tax structures is necessary. 
This requires advice from someone with the 
expertise for which Mr. Dedrick was chosen. 
While an ordained priest, he has had exten- 
sive business experience in the field of estate 
planning; he also draws on the resources of 
the Planned Giving Office of our national 

To implement our diocesan planned giving 
program, Mr. Dedrick conducts seminars and 
meets with individuals, vestries, and various 
other church groups. Because estate planning 
demands confidence and trust building, the 
Planned Giving Officer's time is best spent 
making one-on-one contacts with interested 
persons. During these individual visits, the 
Planned Giving Officer is able to provide in- 
formation on how best to combine a potential 
donor's desire to give with the estate plan- 
ning needs of his or her family. 

The work of the Planned Giving Commis- 
sion is a work of patience and gentle persis- 
tence. It is also work that takes time to materi- 
alize in results because of its deferred nature. 
It is our hope that the churches of the diocese 
will make use of the commission in order that 
effective planned giving programs will devel- 
op in each parish and become a significant 
part of the stewardship of our diocese. 

Glenn E. Busch, Chairman 

Commission on Marriage 

The Commission on Marriage continues to be 
a vehicle of communication on matters affec- 
ting marriage and the family, both on the 
provincial and diocesan levels. 
During 1988, the commission has directed 

its efforts toward planning a one-day seminar 
entitled "Affirming Marriage: A Dialogue on 
Marriage and the Church." This seminar, to 
be held on Saturday, March 11, from 9 a.m. 
until 4 p.m. at Holy Trinity Church, Greens- 
boro, will feature Bishop Estill as the keynot- 
er. The focus of the seminar comes from cler- 
gy and lay questionnaires circulated in pre- 
vious years by the commission. The results 
indicated that clergy would like more help in 
the area of pre-nuptial preparation; that par- 
ishes are concerned about how to uphold and 
nurture marriages and family life in general; 
and that clergy and laity alike are confused 
about the theological foundation of marriage 
in the church. 

The intent of the Marriage Commission for 
this seminar is that every parish in the diocese 
be represented by clergy and laity, including 
youth (ages 16-25). In order to help with these 
concerns, the afternoon portion of the seminar 
will provide a wide sampling of programmat- 
ic materials and workshop speakers on such 
subjects as: pre-marital counseling, Engaged 
Encounter, Marriage Encounter, family groups, 
family enrichment weekends, etc. 

The commission has also directed some of 
its attention to the preparation for and spon- 
soring of a family enrichment weekend pro- 
gram. The purpose of this program is to 
strengthen the family unit. This is done by 
providing forms of interaction within the fam- 
ily unit as well as relating with the members 
of other families on the weekend. The event 
is to foster communication within the family 
unit and celebration of each other. 

John McGee of Winston-Salem, who has 
had extensive experience with this program, 
has brought the idea to the commission for 
further development and implementation. 
Plans are underway to offer this weekend ex- 
perience in the spring. 

Gretchen Israel, the Rev. Fielder Israel 



The chancellor's 1988 report in full is being 
made to the bishop and to the convention, 
and will appear in the 1989 Journal. The 
following is a summary of said activities. 

As he is charged in the canons, the chan- 
cellor has been available at all times during 
1988 "to advise regarding any questions of 
law which may arise in the administration of 
Diocesan affairs." In the discharge of this du- 
ty, he has at various times during the year 
advised the bishop, the suffragan bishop, the 
diocesan business administrator and other 
diocesan and parochial officials, clergy and 
lay, on a good many such matters. Included, 

among others, are the following: (a) dealt 
with the handling of the diocese's reversion- 
ary right to repurchase land conveyed to the 
City of Charlotte in 1943 for playground pur- 
poses; (b) with the chancellor of the Diocese 
of East Carolina, addressed the matter of land 
acquisition for a joint migrant worker program 
between the two dioceses; (c) advised the bish- 
op regarding the canonical requirements in- 
volved in connection with the rearrangement 
of the diocese's deaf work; (d) advised a par- 
ish in detail the canonical requirements for 
vestry elections; (e) advised a parish concern- 
ing its advance of a down payment for its 
rector to use in purchasing a home; (f) handl- 
ed the release of an option to purchase Phil- 
lips land adjacent to the Conference Center; 
(g) advised the bishop regarding the canonical 
requirements for changing parish status to 
mission status; (h) advised the chairman of 
the Small Church Commission the status of 
restricted funds held by a parish if it becomes 
a mission; (i) approved as to form an archi- 
tect's contract for the expansion of the Con- 
ference Center; (j) reviewed a parish's propos- 
ed general endowment fund document; (k) ad- 
vised a parish the status of a day school on its 
property; (1) advised an attorney whose client 
proposes to leave property to the diocese; (m) 
advised the Conference Center board and 
drew a contract for the establishment of an 
executive adventure program on its property; 
(n) advised a rector and the bishop as to a re- 
marriage following a Dominican Republic 
divorce; (o) expressed to the bishop and the 
college's president my opinion that title to the 
St. Mary's College chapel is in the college and 
not in the diocese; (p) advised the bishop re- 
garding desirable limitations on the activities 
of any people designated by the diocese to 
represent it before the North Carolina 
General Assembly. 

As chancellor and parliamentarian of the 
convention, I attended all sessions of the 
1988 Diocesan Convention, as a deputy I at- 
tended all sessions of the 1988 General Con- 
vention in Detroit and served on its Commit- 
tee on Canons, and as chancellor I served as 
an ex officio member of the diocesan Com- 
mission on Constitution and Canons. 

Joseph B. Cheshire, Jr., Chancellor 

Commission on the 
State of the Church 

We commend the work of the Small Church 
Commission and recommend more interac- 
tion between small and large churches in pro- 
gram areas. 
We recommend that the Diocesan Council 

ACTS workers at Conference Center: (from left) Suffragan Bishop Frank H. Vest Jr., Al Purrington III, Scott Evans, Bob Darst, Larry Tomlinson, June Gregory, 
the Rev. Vic Mansfield, Bishop Robert W. Estill, Conference Center Director Dick Hord. 

Diocesan Convention 1989 

— - - 


make a report to the convention each year, as 
required by Canon 15, Sec. 2(h) and that the 
reports of its several sub-groups be included 
in that report. 

We recommend the creation of a diocesan 
personnel committee to deal with issues of 
compensation, benefits and conditions of em- 
ployment for both clergy and lay employees. 

We recommend the creation of a diocesan 
"talent bank" to which clergy and lay people 
could refer the names and qualifications of 
people for possible appointment to positions 
of leadership and responsibility in the diocese. 

We recommend that some diocesan bodies 
be organized on a regional basis to help in 
coping with the problem of long-distance tra- 
vel to meetings. 

We recommend that the Communications 
Office expand its function to include that of 
public information, generating new stories for 
dissemination to the press and other media in 
appropriate areas. 

We recommend that this commission be ac- 
corded a measure of continuity by the reap- 
pointment of members for periods of two years 
and that the commission consist of three 
clergy and three lay persons. 

The Rev. Earl Brill, Chair 

Department of Mission 
and Outreach 

The Department of Mission and Outreach, 
composed of three members of the Diocesan 
Council and all of the convocation deans and 
lay wardens, is responsible for oversight of 
the programs of the diocese, with the excep- 
tion of college work. We have carried out this 
responsibility by continuing to maintain con- 
tact with each of the commissions and com- 
mittees through their chairmen, as well as 
receiving minutes and reports from them. We 
have also initiated, this year, the process of 
inviting representatives from these commis- 
sions and committees to a department meeting 
to share informally their work with us. 

At the Mission and Outreach meeting im- 
mediately preceding the September budget 
hearings, we established guidelines which we 
would use in discussing budget requests with 
each chairman. These guidelines took into 
consideration: 1) Priorities, as set forth in the 
NC 2000 Report, the ACTS campaign and 
General Convention; 2) Ways of streamlining 
commission and committee administrative 
costs, and 3) Ways of reducing diocesan sup- 
port for conferences and scholarships without 
jeopardizing the programs. These guidelines, 
indeed, proved effective at the hearings. But 
more importantly, the budget hearings gave 
us the opportunity to hear about the work of 
each commission and committee and to learn 
of their plans for the future. Following the 
hearings, our department made recommenda- 
tions on each program budget line item to the 
Diocesan Council. We further recommended 
the possibility of merging certain commis- 
sions and committees, feeling that these pro- 
grams could be strengthened and made more 
effective through the sharing of resources, 
etc. We are also aware that certain programs 
which have served us well in the past may 
need to be discontinued or redirected in the 

We have continued throughout the year to 
address the other major responsibility of our 
department— new church development. Pro- 
cedures for development, along with financial 
guidelines for diocesan involvement, have 
been presented to, and adopted by, the Dioce- 
san Council. At our May meeting, we heard a 
report on possible church expansion for the 
Charlotte area; this demographic study re- 
mains an active item on our agenda. The de- 
velopment of a process for monitoring demo- 
graphic trends of the diocese will be an ongo- 
ing item. 

The members of the department remain 
committed to— and enthusiastic about— the 
carrying out of our responsibilities. We are 
impressed by the quality of our programs; we 
are impressed by the work of many persons 

who serve on these diocesan commissions 
and committees. We are also aware that we 
should always be searching for more effective 
and creative ways of carrying out our mission. 
In our overview of programs, we will look for 
these avenues, keeping in mind diocesan pri- 
orities and available resources. Let me say, 
once again, it has been a privilege for me to 
serve with the members of this department. 

Anne Tomlinson, Chair 

Commission on the 
Deacons' Training Program 

The Commission on the Deacons' Training 
Program functions as a board of overseers for 
the program, which is directed by the Rev. 
Dr. Ear! H. Brill. The commission is reponsi- 
ble for preparing the program budget, for mak- 
ing recommendations about curriculum, and 
for evaluating the results. In addition, com- 
mission members maintain a supportive role 
with participants in the program, and provide 
information concerning the diaconate in this 

Four persons were ordained to the diaco- 
nate in 1988: Marvin Aycock, Kermit Bailey, 
Meta Ellington and Patricia Shoemaker; their 
servant ministries are in urban work, coun- 
seling and with persons who are hospitalized, 
enrolled in hospice and who are grieving. 
Through their connection with a particular 
parish, the deacons articulate the needs of the 
world to the church and enable the servant 
ministry of lay persons, priests and bishops. 

The commission continues to build and re- 
vise the program to enhance its effectiveness 
for the participants and for their ministries; 
we are greatly assisted in this endeavor by 
the experience of the participants themselves, 
those already ordained and by programs in 
other diocese. A proposed alteration in the 
ordination date for deacons will take effect in 
1989, when they will be ordained in June. 
The commission addresses post-ordination 
concerns as well, encouraging newly ordain- 
ed deacons to participate in the diocesan resi- 
dents' program and making recommendations 
in such areas as continuing education and let- 
ters of agreement. 

The commission is in the process of devel- 
oping an internship for aspirants to the diaco- 
nate that is distinctive from that for aspirants 
to the priesthood. The director and members 
of the commission continue to strive to keep 
open communications with the Commission 
on Ministry and the Standing Committee in 
the interest of providing the best possible 
training, formation and support for deacons 
in this diocese. 

There are currently eight participants in the 
program (in addition, there are a number of 
aspirants serving internships): twojuniors, two 
middlers, and four seniors. Anyone sensing a 
vocation to the diaconate should consult the 
rector of one's parish. The director is available 
to provide specific information and guidance. 

The Rev. Nancy Reynolds Pagano, Chair 

Commission on Alcohol 
and Drugs 

The Commission on Alcohol and Drugs has 
been involved in a number of activities dur- 
ing the year. In addition to events and pro- 
grams offered to the diocese, the commission 
met six times for planning, program develop- 
ment and evaluation purposes. Participation 
and attendance in these meetings confirm the 
commitment commission members have to 
the ministry of Episcopalians in this critical 
area of human concern. 

The commission continues in its attempt to 
be a resource to the clergy and laity of the 
diocese. In this regard, all parishes and mis- 
sions were furnished with materials for Alco- 
hol and Drug Awareness Sunday. Published 
by the National Episcopal Coalition on Alcohol 
and Drugs (NECAD), the information offers 
many concrete suggestions on how congrega- 

tions can have meaningful involvement in 
this ministry. This year the theme "Pastoral 
Care for Priest and Parish" highlights the need 
for joint ministries (clergy and laity) as we try 
to meet the mission of the church in the res- 
toration of all persons to unity ". . . with God 

ministry of the church to their parishioners 
who are affected by being reared in an alco- 
holic home. Every participant received a 
complete set of materials that will assist them 
in structuring a program in their local parish. 
The Commission on Alcohol and Drugs hopes 

Bishop Robert Estill takes a Lambeth Conference break in London. 

and each other in Christ." In other words, we 
are all in this boat together. 

Aside from the popular display and litera- 
ture distribution booth at Diocesan Conven- 
tion, the commission has been able to assist 
local parishes with materials, videos and 
books for individual parish displays and work- 
shops. In addition, selected commission mem- 
bers have assisted several parishes in setting 
up parish alcohol and drug commissions. 
Materials on parish policies concerning alcohol 
use at parish functions have also been pro- 
vided upon request. 

The Commission on Alcohol and Drugs, 
working jointly with the Commission on Aging, 
staged a September workshop at the Penick 
Home featuring Dr. Ted Clark of the Pinehurst 
Treatment Center. General information on 
addictive illness was integrated with specific 
concerns on drug and alcohol problems of 
the aging. This event provides a model for 
cooperative programming and information ex- 

The year ended with the commission- 
sponsored workshop: "Training for Ministry 
with Adult Children of Alcoholics." Held at 
Browns Summit, this event offered partici- 
pants a curriculum for extending the healing 

to build on this beginning effort and offer 
similar programs to our diocese in the future. 

The Rev. John E. Shields, Chairman 

Conference Center 
Board of Directors 

The big news at your Conference Center is 
that construction is underway to add our 
long-awaited youth facility. This construction 
funded by the ACTS campaign will also in- 
clude other improvements for much-needed 
adult meeting areas as well. Many thanks to 
those of you who supported the campaign 
and we hope you will visit the Conference 
Center to watch the program and hopefully 
see its completion by the end of the summer 
of 1989. 

We have completed seven full years of 
operation in January 1989, and our occupan- 
cy rate and usage has pretty well leveled out. 
Through 10 months of 1988, our occupancy 
rate is very slightly ahead of the 1987 aver- 
age, and it appears we will end the year with 
a small deficit. Two-thirds of our income still 

The Communicant 

■iMil ...V.'kVl.-. 

comes from non-diocesan usage, but the oc- 
cupancy rate between diocesan and outside 
groups is a little closer to equal. This is due, 
of course, to the price advantage we give to 
diocesan use! We hope and plan for additional 
diocesan usage with our new and improved 
facilities and you will hear more about our 
plans in the spring. 

Gifts to the Conference Center are always 
welcome, but due to the ACTS campaign last 
year, we did not advertise this fact. With our 
additional facilities now in progress, I am 
sure there will be some miscellaneous capital 
items needed in the future. 

The board of directors met six times in 1988, 
and the executive committee and other com- 
mittees met several additional times as well. 

Our building committee, headed by Bob 
Darst, has been extremely busy bringing the 
construction to fruition and will have its 
hands full throughout the construction peri- 
od. The members of this committee include 
Rose Flanagan, Fred Warneke, Victor Mans- 
field and myself. 

The six members of the board who rotate 
off include Willie Long, Mrs. Beverly Wright, 
the Rev. Phillip Byrum, the Rev. Robert 
Johnson, the Rev. William Smythe and my- 
self. Our gratitude to them and the entire 
board for their fine service during this critical 
period in the life of the Conference Center. 

In conclusion, we would especially congrat- 
ulate Dick Hord, our director, Phil Whitacre, 
Bob Nordbruch, Brenda Pursell, Betty Brown 
and other members of the staff for their con- 
tinuing fine service. 

A new era begins in 1989 for the Con- 
ference Center, and we believe the facilities 
offered here are as complete as you will find 
anywhere. It is now the job of all of us in the 
diocese to assure that the program and usage 
will be devoted to deeper Christian living and 
to the glory of Our Lord. 

L.A. Tomlinson, Jr., Vice Chairman 

C ommunications 

Since its formation in 1983, the Communica- 
tions Commission has had these purposes: (1) 
To provide direction to communications ef- 
forts in the diocese to further enhance and 
spread the work of the ministry of the 
church and the diocese in Jesus Christ. (2) To 
provide specific and ongoing support to the 
diocese's communications officer in the form 
of advice, counsel and encouragement. 

In 1988, the eight members of the commis- 
sion met six times to work toward these 
goals. At each meeting, time was spent with 
Mr. John Justice, communications officer, 
concerning his needs and work and The Com- 
municant and the Diocesan Journal. During 
the year, Mr. Justice and the diocesan trea- 
surer, Mrs. Letty Magdanz, have done re- 
search on purchasing a desktop publishing 
system for the Diocesan House. 

The commission is proud of the fine work 
accomplished by Mr. Justice and his staff and 
commends them on their many accomplish- 
ments. In the year just past, the commission 
was especially pleased to have the opportuni- 
ty to assist Mr. Justice to attend the Lambeth 
Conference in Canterbury, England, as a 
member of the media team assembled by the 
conference's London planning office. In addi- 
tion, the Associated Church Press awarded The 
Communicant an honorable mention certifi- 
cate for general excellence, the organization's 
highest award. 

The Communications Commission con- 
tinues to be interested in other communica- 
tion media being used in our diocese. More 
and more of our congregations are using 
video technology. The commission has work- 
ed with Archdeacon Neff Powell over the last 
few years to create a videotape lending 
library housed at the Diocesan House. New 
tapes are continually being added to this 
library, and churches in the diocese are en- 
couraged to borrow tapes for parish use. We 
are preparing a new catalogue of videotapes 

and will distribute it to all congregations, 
church schools, institutions and ECW groups 
in the diocese. We've improved our videore- 
cording capability by buying a more advanced 

During the year, we videotaped the keynote 
speaker at the HOPE Conference and the or- 
dination of deacons in October. We reiterate 
our desire to be available for recording such 
occasions and ask that commissions or others 
wishing us to videotape events give us plenty 
of advance notice so we can schedule our 
time and talk in advance about any costs that 
may be incurred. Currently only three com- 
mission members are trained in the new, ad- 
vanced equipment. (Our general policy is not 
to loan out the camcorder.) Low registration 
forced us to cancel our scheduled May confer- 
ence on the use of video in the local church. 

On Nov. 17, Mr. Justice and his staff, with 
the help of several commission members, 
trained 21 parish newsletter editors in design 
and layout. (Packets given participants were 
also sent to seven other persons for whom 
there wasn't enough space in the workshop.) 

In November, a sub-group of the commis- 
sion held the first meeting in response to the 
State of the Church Commission's request for 
a possible diocesan think tank on communi- 
cations. We are grateful for the State of the 
Church Commisson's suggestion and believe 
this will be an exciting opportunity, providing 
many practical ways to be effective evangelists 
of our Lord through the local church and into 
the communities they serve. 

We plan once again to distribute at the Dio- 
cesan Convention a fact sheet we prepared 
giving delegates information on the Diocesan 
Council, Standing Committee, Diocesan 
House personnel, diocesan church institutions 
and convocational deans. This is something 
we have done for the last two conventions. 

The projects mentioned herein have been 
faithfully carried out by only eight members. 
I wish to express my personal appreciation to 
all eight hard-working members and to Mr. 
John Justice for their fine work in the past 
year. We continue to invite ideas and com- 
ments from around the diocese as we seek to 
serve the people of this diocese in ministry to 
our Lord, Jesus Christ. 

The Rev. Leland Smith, Chairman 

Land Stewardship 

The Land Stewardship Commission has had a 
productive year. As the public becomes in- 
creasingly aware of the frightening environ- 
mental problems facing us, intrest in learning 
more about how we as Christians can re- 
spond to the issue and make a difference is 
emerging. The greenhouse effect has begun 
to affect all of our lives, and interest in what 
we can do to help reverse this trend has sur- 
faced among some congregations. Six more 
parishes added programs on the environment 
to their Christian Education curriculum this 

A questionnaire sent to all senior wardens 
will enable us to compile information on our 
stewardship— how we use our physical plants 
and the land we own. The results of these in- 
ventories will be published in The Communi- 
cant in 1989. 

Once again we co-sponsored with other 
judicatories and the Land Stewardship Coun- 
cil of North Carolina the second annual Lex 
Mathews conference, which focused on the 
tensions existing between the philosophies of 
"Bigger is Better" and "Not in My Back Yard." 
One of the panels addressed the effect of the 
Greenhouse Effect on North Carolina, an is- 
sue the General Convention has directed the 
Executive Council to study during the coming 

Our diocese continues on the cutting edge 
of these concerns within the church. We 
have done work on the theology of the en- 
vironment as well as working on practical 
responses to environmental concerns. 

In production is our second media presen- 

tation, "May This Home Be Safe." The script, 
written by commission member Wallace 
Kaufman, points out ways individuals pollute 
and often destroy the environment around 
our homes and how this can be changed with 
a little effort on each one's part. Funding for 
this project came from two sources, which 
speaks to a commitment and concern for pro- 
tection of God's creation. Bishop Estill used 
the United Thank Offering's hundredth an- 
niversary gift for him for this project because 
he sees this issue as a priority for the church 
and its members, because the film is an edu- 
cational tool which can be used by congrega- 
tions and others in the wider church and be- 
cause it responds to one of the church's eight 
Mission Imperatives. Emmanuel Church in 
Southern Pines, an area of great development, 
likewise believes that this is one of the great 
concerns the church must face and sees this 
production as a means to arouse our aware- 
ness and evoke individual response. The com- 
mission is deeply grateful to the bishop and 
Emmanuel for their financial support, but al- 
so for their vision and understanding of the 
gravity of the threat to this planet, "our island 
home." Plans call for the first showing of the 
10-minute film to be at the 1989 Diocesan 

Convention in Greensboro. 

The work of the commission has been gain- 
ing respect and interest in the Episcopal 
Church outside the diocese. Other dioceses 
have expressed interest in establishing com- 
missions similar to ours and packets of edu- 
cational materials have been sent to several 
who have requested them. An article on our 
commission and on the Land Stewardship 
Council of North Carolina appeared in the 
March issue of The Episcopalian and evoked 
favorable comment; the editor has expressed 
interest in publishing other articles on our 
work. The chair of the commission has been 
invited to lead a workshop at Province Ill's 
"Frontiers of Ministry" synod in the spring of 

We look forward to next year with great ex- 
pectation for we believe the concern for crea- 
tion which has motivated the work of this 
commission is becoming a concern for all. 
The commission and the council stand ready 
to offer help for congregational program plan- 
ning as well as practical suggestions for in- 
dividual and corporate response to caring for 
God's gift to us— His creation. 

Scott T. Evans, Chair 

Investment Committee 

The Investment Committee is responsible for 
the investment of the common trust fund of 
the diocese, a pooled fund for a large number 
of individual trusts, and a fund managed for 
the benefit of the Thompson Home. These 
two funds are actively managed for the trust 
department of the North Carolina National 
Bank and have been for a number of years. 
The primary goal of our investment policy 
is the preservation of capital, with a secon- 
dary goal of achieving sufficient capital ap- 
preciation to protect against the erosion of 
economic inflation. Our specific investment 
objectives, which are reviewed regularly, are 
to obtain a real compound rate of total return 

(current income plus capital appreciation or 
-depreciation) of 4% measured over the most 
recent five-year period. This real return is the 
sum of the actual return achieved, less a fac- 
tor for inflation as measured by the Con- 
sumer Price Index. There is the further pro- 
viso that the annual current income portion 
of the above will not be less than 5.5% of 
market value. The fund's investment results 
have exceeded these guidelines over the most 
recent five-year period. 

Listed below is a comparison of the market 
value and income on each share of the com- 
mon trust fund for the last five years as of 
each Sept. 30: 






Number of shares 






Net Annual Income 






Net Income per share 






Market Value per share 






Income Yield per share 






Net income per share was $1.41, an in- 
crease of 27' per share over the prior year. 
The income yield per share in 1988 is 6.1%, 
compared to 4.5% in 1987 and 6.5% in 1986. 
The market value per share was $23.30, com- 
pared to $25.18 in 1987. 

At Sept. 30 the asset mix of this fund, bas- 
ed on market value was 43.8% equities, 
48.2% fixed-income securities and 8.0% cash 
or cash equivalents. The total return for the 
fund for the year ending Sept. 30 was -1.1%. 

Diocesan Common Trust Fund: 

Principal Cash 

Revolving Note 

Government Bonds 

Corporate Bonds 

Episcopal Church Building Fund Bond 

Common Stocks 

Fund for the benefit of Thompson Home: 

Principal Cash 
Revolving Note 
Government Bonds 

The total return of the equity portion was 
-12.2%; the fixed-income portion 11.5%; and 
the cash-equivalent portion 6.8%. The total 
return of the S&P 500 for the year ended 
Sept. 30 was -12.8%. 

In the past year $162,169.64 has been add- 
ed to the total of the funds being managed in 
the common trust fund. 

As of Sept. 30, 1987, the funds supervised 
by the Investment Committee were invested 
as follows: 

Carrying Value 

$ 21,364.00 







i 223.71 




Market Value 

$ 21,364.00 







i 223.71 




John W. Red Jr., Chairman 

Diocesan Convention 1989 

Commission on Liturgy 

• n. 21-23. Planned and assisted with daily 
services held during the 172nd Annual Con- 
vention in the Raleigh Civic Center. In con- 
sultation with the ACTS campaign office and 
the bishops, assisted with the closing 

Feb. 8. The commission met at the Con- 
ference Center. 

Feb. 15. With the Education and Training 
Commission, sponsored Ann Burts as our 
representative to a national conference on 
Baptism and the Catechumenate, held in San 

April 19. Planned and assisted with the Eu- 
charist at 106th Annual Meeting of the Epis- 
copal Churchwomen at St. John's, Charlotte. 
The Presiding Bishop, the Most Rev. Edmond 
Browning, was celebrant, assisted by our 
bishops and the Rt. Rev. John S. Spong, Bish- 
op of Newark. 

April 29-30. Assisted with the planning and 
sponsorship of a diocesan choir festival, held 
at Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill. The 
event was chaired by Mrs. Gordon (Dorothy) 
Lyall, and featured Dr. Lionel Dakers. Dr. 
Dakers is director of the Royal School of 
Church Music, Addington Palace, Croydon, 
England. Some 175 choir members par- 
ticipated in the choir. 

June 14. The Commission met in Chapel Hill. 

June 19-24. Sponsored the annual Worship 
and Music Camp for Children, with 71 chil- 
dren attending. Leaders of the choir camp were 
the Rev. Richard H. Callaway, director, and 
the Rev. Thomas J. Garner, chaplain. Direc- 
tors of the music program were James H. 
Padgett and Sister Michael Anne, SSM. 

Aug. 23-25. The commission held a plan- 
ning retreat at Wrightsville Beach. 

Sept. 9-10. The commission sponsored a 
workshop on "Praying the Liturgy: A Work- 
shop for Those Who Plan and Lead the Lit- 
urgy." The workshop was led by the Rev. 
Stephen Elkins-Williams. 

Sept. 25. Assisted several congregations with 
plans to observe the Feast of Saint Sergius, 
and the millennium of Russian Christianity. 

Oct. 3. Planned and assisted with the or- 
dination service for vocational deacons, held 
at St. Andrew's, Greensboro, in consultation 
with the bishop and the ordinands. 

Oct. 3. In consultation with the bishop and 
the Youth Commission, planned and assisted 
with the groundbreaking service of the youth 
facility at the Conference Center. 

Oct. 3-5. Assisted with the services at the 
annual clergy conference held at the Confer- 
ence Center. 

Oct. 10. The commission met at the Confer- 
ence Center. 

Nov. 7-10. The commission was represented 

at the annual meeting of the diocesan Litur- 
gical and Music Commissions, held in Takoma, 
Wash. This group (known as ADLMC] will 
meet in our diocese in November, 1989, in 
Chape! Hill and Durham. 

The commission has consulted with clergy 
and congregations throughout the year about 
liturgical and musical concerns. These in- 
clude addresses, classes and workshops and 
assistance with planning for ordinations, the 
celebration of a new ministry and the visita- 
tion of the bishop. 

The Rev. Philip R. Byrum, Chair 

Archbishop of Canterbury Robert Runcie. 

Commission on Admission 
of Congregations 

The Commission on Admission of Congrega- 
tions met this year to consider one applica- 
tion from a congregaton seeking union with 
this convention. This congregation was seek- 
ing to be admitted as a parish. The commis- 
sion contacted this congregation to review 
their application and to acquaint them with 
the necesssary requirements to maintain their 
status in union with convention. 

The commission is pleased to report that all 
constitutional and canonical requirements 
have been met by this congregation and 
wishes to introduce this congregation to this 
convention for approval and admission into 
union with convention. 

We, the Commission on Admission of Con- 
gregations, have received an application from 
Saint Margaret's, Charlotte, a mission con- 
gregation duly constituted in the Diocese of 
North Carolina. This congregation is making 
application to come into union with the con- 
vention as a parish. Their application is in 
order and they have met all the requirements 
of the Constitution and Canons. Members of 
the commission met with the mission com- 
mittee of this church to go over the require- 
ments necessary to maintain status as a parish 
in this diocese. It is with a great deal of plea- 
sure that the commission recommends to this 
convention that St. Margaret's, Charlotte, be 
admitted in union with this convention as a 
parish of this diocese with all rights, privi- 
leges and responsibilities pertaining thereto. 

The members of this commission are Ms. 
Pat Hansen, Ms. Michele Harrelson, Mr. 
Nathaniel Rumph and the Rev. Roy Dedrick. 

The Rev. Julie Cuthbertson Clarkson, Chair 


The Appalachian People's Service Organiza- 
tion was founded in 1964 when the bishops 
of six southern Appalachian dioceses and na- 
tional church representatives met to find a 
way for the church to respond to the needs 
in the Appalachian region. From that begin- 
ning, the APSO coalition has grown to include 
15 dioceses. 

Diocesan representatives gather for regional 
and interdiocesan planning, to exchange in- 
formation and resources, share experiences, 
discuss common problems, and support and 
enable each other in ministry. Among the 
problems the representatives attempt to ad- 
dress together are small, relatively isolated 
parishes, many in depressed mining and farm 
communities; the exodus of industry from the 
region; environmental concerns such as strip 
mining and toxic waste; the movement of 
mountain people into the cities seeking pros- 
perity; substandard housing and poor social 
services and public education programs; lit- 
eracy and other concerns. These representa- 
tives are grouped into three ministry units. 

Intramont: A ministry of leadership training 
and development for lay and ordained per- 
sons. It is a cooperative effort of local congre- 
gations, dioceses, seminaries and the national 
church. Funding has been granted by the na- 
tional church's Jubilee Ministries for an Appa- 
lachian Ministry and Education Training Pro- 
ject. The purpose of this project is to assist in 
the creation of an environment where the for- 

* T« *4 »♦«* f« «* •« ** «- 

- — •« 4 * V »-l 

mation and survival of non-traditional, indi- 
genous communities of faith are deemed nor- 
mative and encouraged to flourish. Four com- 
munities will be involved in this process 
which will develop pastoral, sacramental and 
prophetic ministries which are expressed 
through service, advocacy and evangelism. 
Our vision is that this training process will 
equip and train local leadership of these com- 
munities for all essential ministries and that 
eventually this will become the foundation 
for a non-traditional center for theological 
education in rural Appalachia. 

Intramont is supporting a pilot project with 
Duke Divinity School and the Small Church 
Commission of the Diocese of North Carolina 
for a one-year intern training program for 
small churches. Hugh Fulcher, an Episcopal 
senior at Duke Divinity School, is doing his 
internship under Harrison Simons at St. 
Stephen's and St. Cyprian's in Oxford. 

Trinity, Statesville, has had interns for the 
past two summers as part of a ministry devel- 
opment process initiated by APSO. 

The Rev. Harrison Simons represents the 
diocese on the Intramont Ministry Unit. 

Leadership Development: This unit is current- 
ly divided into three task forces focusing on 
youth, women and volunteer/intern. Martha 
Jones of Durham is serving on the Women's 
Task Force. Leadership development work- 
shops, community work projects, women's 
retreats and volunteer placements all come 
under this unit. 

Urban: This unit helps parishes and dioceses 
respond to the plight of the urban poor with 
special attention to urban Appalachians, that 
is, those who have migrated from the moun- 
tains in search of jobs in the cities. The urban 
consultant, Mike Maloney, works with this 
unit and with individual parishes and dio- 
ceses to develop comprehensive mission stra- 
tegies. Beth McKee of Browns Summit is the 
unit representative. 

APSO Board of Governors members from 
North Carolina are Suffragan Bishop Frank 
H. Vest Jr., the Rev. Robert Dannals and 
Laura Hooper. Both Bob Dannals and Laura 
Hooper also serve as representatives from 
APSO to the Commission on Religion in Ap- 
palachia (CORA). Laura is a member of the 
CORA board and Bob has served on the 
Committee on Inclusive Language Liturgies. 

The diocese contributed to the support of 
APSO in 1988. Other contributions have 
come from Church of the Nativity, Raleigh; 
St. Paul's ECW, Winston-Salem; and the Rev. 
Gordon and Dorothy Lyall Foundation in Pit- 

APSO is the Episcopal representative on the 
Commission on Religion in Appalachia, an 
18-denomination planning and coordinating 
group. As the Episcopal representative, APSO 
advocates for denominational funds for 
grassroots projects screened and selected by 
CORA's Appalachian Development Projects 
Committee! ADPC). Through this process, 
$113,500 has been approved for projects in 
the region by Episcopal Church funding 
sources (United Thank Offering, Coalition for 
Human Needs and the Presiding Bishop's 
Fund for World Relief) to date this year. The 
only ADPC project in the diocese is the North 
Carolina Occupational Safety and Health Pro- 
ject in Durham. 

Laura L. Hooper 

Coordinator for 
Presiding Bishop's Fund 
for World Relief 

In October of this year I was appointed to 
the position of diocesan coordinator for the 
Presiding Bishop's Fund for World Relief. 
Before I tell you about the plans for the dio- 
cese, let me enlighten you about the Presid- 
ing Bishop's Fund. The fund is a program of 
the Episcopal Church and is the principal chan- 
nel through which the church responds to 
human needs in the areas of relief, rehabilita- 
tion, development and refugee/migration con- 
cerns. The mission of the fund is to respond 

.» ~ *• * * %• * . > « < 

i *. » *■"• » * « 

to human need: to give food to the hungry and 
water to those who thirst; to welcome the 
stranger; to clothe the naked and house the 
homeless; to visit and comfort the sick and 
the prisoner. 

The fund has a fourfold ministry: relief, re- 
habilitation, development and refugee/migra- 
tion concerns. 

Relief is assistance to areas torn by war or 
civil strife, or struck by such natural disasters 
as earthquakes, floods, or hurricanes. This 
response involves funding to provide food, 
clothing, shelter and medical care. 

Rehabilitation is the reconstruction of 
homes, schools and other buildings; and pro- 
vision of pastoral care and counseling follow- 
ing a major disaster. The purpose is to help 
people struck by tragedy begin to rebuild 
their lives. 

Development is helping people to become 
self-sufficient by addressing the root cause of 
hunger, poverty and forced human migration. 
Fund grants help people develop water re- 
sources as well as agricultural, health, educa- 
tional and vocational training programs. 

Refugee/Migration Concerns are many. The 
fund provides emergency relief for and as- 
sists in the resettlement of refugees who are 
victims of war, civil unrest and famine. It as- 
sists global and national programs for refu- 
gees, displaced persons and migrants. It helps 
identify sponsors and assists with housing, 
jobs and schools for refugees entering the 
United States. 

In the coming year, the national church 
and the Diocese of North Carolina hope to 
bring the message of the Presiding Bishop's 
Fund for World Relief to every parish and 
parishioner. A network of parish represen- 
tatives will meet to learn how their parishes 
can become more involved with the fund. 
One Sunday will be set aside in the diocese 
as Presiding Bishop's Fund for World Relief 
Sunday. Hopefully, special programs will be 
presented and collections taken up. The fund 
will work to educate the youth of the diocese 
about the pressing needs of people in distress 
all over the world. Information about the fund 
will be given to The Communicant on a regu- 
lar basis. 

I look forward to the challenge and oppor- 
tunity that this job provides. 

Linda B. Hensley 

Hunger Commission 

The contributions and impact of the Hunger 
Commission on the diocese and the state of 
North Carolina continue to grow. This 15- 
member commission has been able to under- 
take a number of projects as a result of the 
commitment of all. Leadership is collabora- 
tive. At most the chair serves to direct ener- 
gies. Our internal life as well as our labor is 
vibrant. We exmplify the genius of shared 
power not hierarchically-based. 

During the past year we have engaged in a 
number of endeavors that have fed our souls, 
lifted our spirits and made a difference in the 
movement toward existence in this world as 
envisioned by Jesus. With the support of 
Bishop Estill and the steering committee for 
the 1988 Diocesan Convention, we orchestrat- 
ed a hunger lunch on the campus of Shaw 
University as an alternative for delegates and 
visitors on Friday of the convention. The fare 
was simple. After deduction for the expense 
of the meal, gifts from the hunger lunch to- 
taled almost $600, which was sent to the Pre- 
siding Bishop's Fund for World Relief in the 
name of the diocese. The commission was re- 
sponsible for the speaker's fee. We concluded 
that the minimal cost of the food ($2 per per- 
son) would be a welcome relief from the Fri- 
day meal expense incurred at previous con- 
ventions. Although our scheduled speaker 
from New York City was forced to cancel his 
visit due to an illness which ensued the early 
morning of his flight, we were aided miracu- 
lously by the "ninth-hour" acceptance of an 
invitation to Dr. Greg Headen, dean of Shaw 
Divinity School. He gave a passionate, moving 
speech that stimulated our souls and minds 

The Communicant 

for the work of the convention. Dr. Headen 
was accorded a lengthy standing ovation and 
many tears. The commission has received the 
support of the bishop and convention plan- 
ners to offer a similar occasion for delegates 
and visitors Friday of the 1989 convention. 
We look forward to the establishment of this 
event as a norm at future conventions. 

The commission completed a year and a 
half tour of the diocese with day meetings in 
the Raleigh, Winston-Salem and Sandhills 
convocations. We noted courageous efforts of 
individuals and organizations within those 
three convocations toward the alleviation of 
hunger and malnourishment. The sheer deter- 
mination of care-givers and policy-makers for 
the fate of the poor and the homeless not to 
remain hopeless was heartening. As last year 
we determined that the extent of social minis- 
try remains disparate, sometimes strong and 
well-organized, other times spotty at best. We 
have engaged the sevices of Gordon Chamber- 
lin, executive director of the North Carolina 
Poverty Project, to be the centerpiece in day 
meetings in four convocations in 1989. In 
each instance, our parish contacts in the convo- 
cations where we convene will be our guests 
for lunch, at which Gordon will address us 
on the work and findings of the Poverty Pro- 
ject. We intend to build on our network with 
the project's educational stimulus. 

In October the diocese and our commission 
hosted the annual Province IV meeting on 
hunger. Delegates from 15 of the 20 dioceses 
gathered at the Conference Center to be 
given challenging presentations by Jim Lewis 

Are Fed in North Carolina." The quantifiable 
information about poverty in our state is 
troubling; the resilience of the poor in our 
midst is remarkable. The paper weaves num- 
bers and percentages into the amazing witness 
of the disadvantaged through their statements. 
A copy is to be placed in the hands of every 
member of the General Assembly and of the 
editors of every daily newspaper in the state. 

We applaud efforts throughout our diocese 
to sustain the poor with food. These must 
continue. Through our network and our con- 
vocation meetings, we strive to support and 
encourage the charitable projects in the chur- 
ches. Also, we are more convinced than ever 
before of the calling of the church to be in- 
volved in the formulation of legislation and 
the making of policy on the national, state, 
county and local levels that affect deeply the 
hunger. In this vein, I close with one quote 
junattributed) which speaks for our convic- 

"You look at the story of David and 
Goliath. David's family was suffering from 
hunger as they were on the battlefield. He 
used to bring food to them. But that did not 
decrease the number of casualties they suf- 
fered. It was only when David began to deal 
with the main source of terror and violence, 
which was Goliath, that there was no more 
need to send food. I think this is one of the 
problems of the church. It tends to concen- 
trate on relief programs. When Jesus Christ 
healed the poor, the sick, the hungry, he was 
liberating them from charity. They were 
dependent on alms, on whatever they could 

Place of refuge: St. John's House in Durham. 

and Gordon Chamberlin. These plus a field 
trip through the Greensboro area, time with 
Bishop Estill, and mutual support resulted in 
high marks in the closing critique of the con- 
ference. Our diocese is viewed with respect 
for the work of the Christian Social Ministries 
and Hunger commissions. Not that there is 
not need for improvement but in the eyes of 
representatives from other dioceses, our 
social ministry is hale and hearty. The plan- 
ning and orchestration of this annual meeting 
was a perfect illustration of the collaborative 
leadership on this commission. Many were 
the members who enabled the event to be 

We have participated in the launching of a 
hunger network for the entire state. From the 
onset of preliminary discussions we have 
contributed ideas, time and money to the ob- 
vious need to marshal the considerable ven- 
tures for the hungry and malnourished ongo- 
ing across North Carolina. We are banding 
together with representatives from other 
denominations, with Church World Service 
and food bank representatives to develop a 
coherent strategy for the care and resolution 
of the hungry. Presently we are involved in 
the publishing of a paper, "How the Hungry 

be given. But Jesus Christ gave them back 
their humanity, so they could have life and 
have it in abundance." 

W. Verdery Kerr, Chair 

Parish Grant Commission 

Since 1972 the Parish Grant Commission has 
provided seed money to congregations of this 
diocese to help them in their efforts to become 
involved in social outreach in their local com- 
munities, with an emphasis on member parti- 
cipation and ecumenical cooperation. The spe- 
cific guidelines of the program stipulate that 
innovative pilot projects are particularly to be 
encouraged and that assurances are to be giv- 
en that future funding has been considered. 
Vestries are required to supervise the expen- 
diture of grants and the Parish Grant Commis- 
sion receives year-end evaluations of each 

Congregations large and small have called 
on this resource to assist them in new ven- 
tures among those in need in the name of 
Christ. The commission has been heartened 
by the diverse and generous witness made by 

Episcopal churches through the communities 
of our diocese. 

At the end of the third quarter in 1988, the 
following grants had been made: 

Holy Family, Chapel Hill 
Partnership House 

Trinity, Statesville 

All Saints', Hamlet/Messiah, 
Womenfolk, Unlimited 

St. David's, Laurinburg 
The Children's Place 



St. Francis, Greensboro $3,000 

Transition Into Employment (TIE) 

St. Francis, Greensboro $3,000 

Guilford County Women's 
Residential/Day Center 

St. Luke's, Durham $3,000 

Shelter Campaign 

St. Titus, Durham $2,000 

Dispute Settlement Center 

St. John's, Charlotte $3,000 


St. Matthew's, Hillsborough $3,000 

Child Care for Adolescent Parents 

The Rev. William E. Smyth, Chairman 

Commission on 
Women's Issues 

The Commission on Women's Issues' 1988 ef- 
forts were focused on two exciting projects, 
awarding our first Lex Mathews Scholarships 
and co-sponsoring a major conference with 
the Episcopal Church Women. Networking, 
with special attention on supporting women 
clergy, continues to be a major concern. 

The Lex Mathews Scholarship project, initi- 
ated when the commission was a task force, 
is a response to our recognizing that many 
women over 35 lack adequate means to ob- 
tain training needed for independent living. 
The ECW became a co-sponsor of the project, 
which last year was incorporated into the 
ACTS campaign. The CWI planned to begin 
to use the interest for scholarships when the 
fund reached $30,000; this important mile- 
stone was reached in 1988! After screening 
several worthy applicants, two scholarships 
were awarded. The recipients are Mary Kath- 
leen Williams, a member of St. Bartholomew's, 
Pittsboro, and Elizabeth Devereaux of St. Bar- 
nabas', Greensboro. We expect this important 
project to continue to grow to help meet this 
special need of many women in our society. 

Sept. 23-25, the CWI and the ECW spon- 
sored the Leadership in Action conference at 
Browns Summit. Over 70 women participated 
and enthusiastically responded to the stimula- 
ting leadership provided by Ann Smith, Pam 
Chinnis, Kathy Tyler-Scott and the Rev. Betty 
Bone Schiess. Small reflection groups allowed 
an opportunity for getting to know one an- 
other and sharing ideas. A highlight of the 
weekend was receiving the news that Barbara 
Harris had been elected Suffragan Bishop of 
Massachusetts. It was especially moving for 
women to celebrate together the historical 
and significant event of the first female bish- 
op in our church. The purpose of the confer- 
ence was to discuss how working together, 
churchwomen can focus newfound skills on 
common problems. We feel that our efforts 
will be rewarded by the enrichment of the 
church as women are more involved in the 
leadership of our parishes and our diocese. 

Four major planning meetings and numer- 
ous subcommittee meetings were held during 
1988. One important occasion was a meeting 
deliberately planned to overlap with the wom- 
en clergy retreat at Saint Mary's College. This 
opportunity reflects our concern to know and 
to support our women clergy. One of our goals 
is to develop meaningful tools for congrega- 
tions as they struggle with the significant 
change taking place in the church, the full 

participation of women, the "the fresh wind 
[which] is indeed blowing." 

The commission continues to look for ways 
to address the particular needs of women, 
resulting from societal conditioning and eco- 
nomic discrimination. The CWI feels its task 
is fulfilling Christ's call to work for justice in 
the world. 

Bett Hargrave, Chair 

Kanuga Conferences 

The year 1988 will be remembered happily 
by the Kanuga family for many significant 

—The growth of programs as measured by 
the number of conferences offered throughout 
the year and by the increasingly imaginative 
and ambitious work of the program director 
and the program committee in planning them. 

—The completion of the cottage renovation 
program, begun 39 cottages and 59 months 

—The beginning of an endowment for 
Kanuga and the $100,000 gift of Buford and 
Sally Bowen, which sparked the effort to the 
$400,000 level, some 40% of the initial goal. 

—The completion of the Fox Activities 
Building at Camp Kanuga, the camp's spon- 
soring two weekends in May and August for 
homeless children and the naming of the 
camp's dining hall in honor of Bill Verduin, 
executive director, 1950-1963. 

—The completion and dedications of Flana- 
gan Center and Minkler Grove, outstanding 
meeting facilities celebrating the lives of two 
Kanuga stalwarts. 

—The gifts from the Carter family of Pass 
Christian, Miss., and the Janirve Foundation 
of North Carolina to renovate, insulate and 
heat for winter guest use the female summer 
staff dormitory. 

—An ever-growing awareness of Kanuga 
resulting in its hosting over 20,000 persons 
for the second consecutive year and its being 
open to guests an incredible 331 of the year's 
366 days! 

For these good things, for loyal and suppor- 
ting friends and for all the other blessings of 
the year 1988, we give sincere and hearty 

Exciting program offerings in 1989— in addi- 
tion to the regular summer schedule— will in- 
clude the ever-popular Vestry Leadership Con- 
ference in January; a Pre-Lenten Retreat featur- 
ing the Very Rev. Horace Dammers, dean 
emeritus, Bristol Cathedral, England; the 
Growing Multi-Staff Congregation conference in 
April; a Woman's Conference featuring Mary 
Donovan in June; and a conference for Re- 
source Librarians and Archivists in October. 

The most significant program will be the 
inaugural conference on Christian commit- 
ment sponsored by the Bowen Endowment. 
That will be held Feb. 22-24 and is entitled 
Connecting Sunday AND Monday: Exploring the 
Ethics of American Corporate and Public Life It 
will feature Robert Bellah, author of Habits of 
the Heart, William Friday, for 30 years presi- 
dent of the University of North Carolina, and 
noted bank executives Maria Campbell of 
AmSouth and John G.P. Boatwright of NCNB. 

Also scheduled for 1989 will be Christmas 
at Kanuga, a week-long celebration planned 
both for farflung families seeking a conve- 
nient gathering place and for those individu- 
als who seek a community of new friends to 
share this special time in the Christian year. 

As in the past, the Kanuga staff will be 
working hard in 1989 to spread the word about 
what this place has to offer, then to provide 
the quality service promised and finally to 
seek continuing gift support from individuals, 
foundations and church sources which enable 
the program to grow and scholarship 
opportunities to be enhanced while keeping 
Kanuga's fees reasonable. 

Kanuga owes a special debt to the people, 
parishes and ECWs in North Carolina, for 
that support which in 1988 again reached the 
$400,000 level. At the same time, we renew 
our pledge to use those— and future— gifts 
wisely and carefully. 

Diocesan Convention 1989 

Members of the board of directors from 
the Diocese of North Carolina are: Mr. Jerry 
Blackmon, Charlotte; the Rev. E. Dudley Col- 
houn Jr., and Mrs. Robert L. Neill, Winston- 
Salem; and the Rt. Rev. Robert W. Estill, 

auditors and I am pleased to inform you that 
we have completed our 22nd year in the 

Last year, I reported on our track and 
field project in partnership with the City of 
Raleigh. The track is now being built and will 

New ECW officers I from left): Bett Hargrove, Lexington, Chair, Commission on Women's issues; Shara 
Partin, Chapel Hill, Vice president of ECW and vice chair of women's issues; Mittie Landi, Burlington, 
ECW president. 

Members of the board of visitors of the 
class of 1988 are: Dr. and Mrs. Henry T. 
Clark, Chapel Hill; Mr. and Mrs. Marshall 
Acee, Mr. and Mrs. Richard Austin, Mr. and 
Mrs. John Boatwright, Mr. and Mrs. John D. 
Elliot, Jr., and Mr. and Mrs. Brian Jenest, 
Charlotte; Dr. and Mrs. Jack Perry, Davidson; 
Mr. and Mrs. Roy O.Rodwell, Durham; Drs. 
Marbry and Judith Hopkins, Kernersville; 
Mr. and Mrs. J.J. Miller, Pineville; Dr. and 
Mrs. Robert E. Gaddy, Raleigh; Mr. and Mrs. 
Chester Nixon, Whispering Pines; Mr. J. 
Wilson Cunningham, Dr. and Mrs. William 
Keeling, and Dr. and Mrs. John B. Thomas, 

Albert S. Gooch, Jr., President 

Saint Augustine's College 

It is with a deep sense of humility, extreme 
personal joy and my privilege to make my 
22nd report as president of Saint Augustine's 
College to the Diocese of North Carolina. 

I would be remiss if I did not begin this 
report with sincere thanks to the diocese, es- 
pecially our bishop and the host of churches 
that have included Saint Augustine's College 
in their budgets. Knowing that I have the sup- 
port of so many of my fellow Episcopalians 
has been a source of strength for me and I 
thank you. 

Saint Augustine's College has begun the 
1988-89 academic year with an enrollment of 
over 1,800 students. We received in excess of 
2,500 applicants and enrolled the largest 
freshman class in our history. As a result of 
the large number of applicants, we were able 
to strengthen our admission requirements 
considerably. Our current freshman class has 
the highest SAT scores of any previous class- 
es. Conversely, I am grieved by the fact that 
we could not admit many marginal students 
with low SAT scores due to the exceptional 
quality of our applicants. 

We have instituted a rigorous core cur- 
riculum and consequently had to refer many 
of our less-qualified applicants to other in- 
stitutions. As president of this institution and 
as a practicing Christian, this reality causes 
me great pain. Who is going to motivate and 
educate the marginal students? I don't have 
any easy answers, but the question must be 
raised continuously. 

We have just received our report from the 

be ready in the spring. Events during the last 
year strengthened our desire to complete the 
track project. Our campus was selected by 
the Olympic Committee for track and field 
eliminating races, but our present track was 
ruled inadequate; hence, we could not serve 
as hosts. 

On a more positive note, the trustees voted 
unanimously to embark on a $17 million 
Renaissance Campaign beginning in the fall 
of 1988. The Renaissance Campaign is design- 
ed to fund the following projects: 

(1) Endowed Student Scholarships. This will 
enable us to compete in terms of scholarship 
aid with larger institutions that are offering 
some of our brightest students excellent 
academic scholarships. Many young bright 
students turned down scholarships elsewhere 
to attend Saint Augustine's. We have very lit- 
tle scholarship funds available, but this will 
enable us to respond to our gifted students. 

|2) Endowed Distinguished Professorships. 
This will enable our faculty to do more re- 
search and independent study. The college 
will be able to supplement their income. At 
this juncture we have named three persons 
in whose memory we shall dedicate the dis- 
tinguished professorships. 

(3) Student Activities Center. We anticipated 
a maximum student body of 1,000 when most 
of our facilities were built. Fortunately, we 
have grown tremendously. All of our previous 
prognoses, research and planning gave no in- 
dication of our tremendous growth. Hence, we 
must rent facilities off the campus for most 
of our affairs. The cost is astronomical. We 
propose to build a facility on our campus to 
answer the problem. 

(4) Communications Center. We now have a 
commercial station WAUG 750AM and we 
have been approved for a low-powered educa- 
tion TV station. We propose to add on a wing 
to our fine arts building for the Communica- 
tions Center. 

(5) Penick Hall of Science. We received a 
grant to renovate our science center which is 
currently being done. When it is completed, 
it will have all of the state-of-the-art equip- 
ment that is needed for a first-rate science 

I am pleased to report that our facilities are 
being used by the City of Raleigh and the 
State of North Carolina for different pro- 
grams. Indeed, this past summer our campus 
was quite alive. Again, we are thankful that 
so many different groups are now using Saint 

Augustine's College. 

Our Tuttle Building, which houses our 
ROTC program, has been totally renovated 
and our cadre and students are delighted. 

One final note: Our student body is becom- 
ing more cosmopolitan every year. We have 
students from 38 states, the District of Colum- 
bia and 20 international countries, including 
the Socialist Republic of China. Indeed, in 
many countries Saint Augustine's College has 
enhanced the ministry and mission of the Epis- 
copal Church throughout the world and for 
that fact we give constant thanks. 

Prezelle Robinson, President 

Episcopal Churchwomen 

In the calendar year 1988, the Episcopal 
Churchwomen of the Diocese of North 
Carolina successfully maintained traditional 
programs in the following ways: 

I. Adopted a theme, "As I have loved 
you . . ." An Affirmative Vision, John 13:34, 
as a guide for our spiritual life. This was in- 
troduced at our worship retreat in February, 
which was attended by 70 women and con- 
ducted by the Rev. Blair Both. This theme 
provided the focus, in March, for Seminars 
for Service (training for new branch officers), 
which were conducted in four convocations. 
Our theme was further developed, as an affir- 
mation of the talents women contribute to 
our Lords service and as a renewed insis- 
tence on full participation by women in all 
areas of the church, at our annual meeting 
held at St. John's, Charlotte, in April. Our 
most newsworthy annual meeting in recent 
memory forced us to look in a fresh way at 
the practices, structure and doctrine of our 
organized faith. Presiding Bishop Edmond 
Browning was our celebrant, and Bishop John 
Spong was our keynote speaker. 

Sent four representatives to the Province IV 
gathering in June at Kanuga to prepare for 
Triennial Meeting and then to Detroit in July 
to the triennial. At this meeting, with its 
theme of "Behold, New Life, New Vision. . .", 
the delegates acquired a new awareness of 
the diversity and scope of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church, United States of America. 
We saw one of our own, our immediate past- 
president, June Gregory, installed as the Pro- 
vince IV representative to the ECW national 
board. We returned with a unified proclama- 
tion from the triennial - action statements for 
ministry in the areas of human sexuality, jus- 
tice and living in the new age. The triennial 
delegates visited all seven convocations in 
October with their report. 

III. Adopted and administered a budget of 
$26,000 pledged by 85 branches, $17,000 of 
which is designated for outreach. We also 
made a gift to ACTS of $2,300 from the 1987 
surplus. With the joy implicit in our historical 
support of the Conference Center's proposed 
youth program, we look forward to the sched- 
uled opening of the youth facility this sum- 
mer; and with the Commission on Women's 
Issues, we experience elation over the award- 
ing of the first Lex Mathews Scholarships. 

In 1987, our latest total, individual branch- 
es made these contributions: 

a. To the farmworkers ministry: $3,512.40. 

b. To the Conference Center: $4,210. 

c. To missionaries: $934.14 in an Epiphany 
offering. This was sent to the Dick White 
family, missionaries engaged in training and 
evangelism among Arabs in the Middle East. 
Also, $3,450 in the traditional Christmas gift 
to 10 missionaries. This year's policy will 
reflect some revisions following an intensive 
study of our traditional funding policies for 

d. To the Church Periodical Club: $2,534.65, 
divided between the national books fund and 
our own seminarians and vocational 
diaconate candidates. 

e. To the United Thank Offering: $66,734.50. 
At triennial, two grants were awarded in this 
diocese: the Guilford County Women's Resi- 
dential/Day Center in Greensboro received 
$20,000 and the Orange-Durham Coalition 

for Battered Women in Durham received 
$5,000. For the first time in our diocese, the 
ECW participated in the screening procedure. 
This is now to be standard practice, agreed-to 
by Bishop Estill and the Standing Committee. 

IV. Worked to improve what is probably 
our most valuable resource, our communica- 
tions network. Our newsletter, Patchwork, is 
mailed quarterly to approximately 1,000 read- 
ers, primarily in this diocese. We prepare and 
distribute nearly 400 yearbooks, using the 
Women's Resource Center in Raleigh, where 
we also maintain our database. 

V. Maintained representation in Church- 
women United, the North Carolina Council 
of Women's Organizations and on many dio- 
cesan boards and commissions. 

In 1988, the ECW made adaptations and in- 
troduced new programs as follows: 

I. Co-sponsored a conference, "Leadership 
in Action," in September at the Conference 
Center with the CWI. This replaced our fall 
seminar and SOS event, which will take place 
as usual in 1989. We hope there will be many 
future opportunities for cooperative projects 
with CWI. It is to everyone's benefit for us to 
share resources and to develop understanding 
while working to ensure opportunities for 

II. Planned with Bishop EstilTs cooperation, 
a diocesan-wide prayer network to be acti- 
vated for the first time on Jan. 2. In part, this 
is in response to Presiding Bishop Browning's 
designation of 1989 as a year of prayer, ush- 
ering in the 1990s when evangelism and out- 
reach will be our standards. 

IN. Pledged to strengthen our relationship 
with our national body. We'll expect our Pro- 
vince IV representative June Gregory to keep 
us always mindful of the broader picture. 

IV. Approved changes recommended in our 
constitution and by-laws by the restructure 
committee after a two-year study. 

V. Agreed to experiment with alternate for- 
mats for annual meeting and board meetings 
in 1990. In an attempt to make membership 
in our organization accessible and desirable 
to more women Episcopalians, we feel a 
renewed commitment to continually examine 
every possibility to get maximum benefit from 
any donation of time or money. 

I personally thank all the dedicated 
women, and especially the diocesan ECW ex- 
ecutive board, who have worked so diligently 
to make this past year successful. I ask con- 
tinued commitment to this branch of His ser- 

Mittie C. Landi, President 

Commission on 
Constitution and Canons 

The report of the Commission on Constitu- 
tion and Canons to the 1989 Diocesan Con- 
vention will consist of two parts, as follows: 

I. Second-reading action on constitutional 
amendments to neutralize gender language. 
(Articles III, Sec. 2; VII, Seel; VIII, Sees. 1 
and 3; X, Sec. 2) These are printed at the 
back of the 1988 Journal on pp. 8 and 9 bet- 
ween the Constitution and the Canons. 

II. Amendments to certain canons and 
Rules of Order in order to clarify the role and' 
functions of the committees of the Diocesan 
Convention so as to improve their effective- 
ness as the primary deliberative agencies of 
each annual convention. These amendments 
will involve revisions of: Canon 1, Sec. 1 and 
2; Canon 5, Sec. 1; Canon 12, Sec. 1 and 7 
(new); Canon 13, Sec. 1, 3 and 4; Rule of Or- 
der III; Rule of Order XIII; Rule of Order 
XIX; Rule of Order XX. 

In addition, the commission will present a 
proposed amendment to Canon 33, on the 
diocesan Conference Center, which would 
allow the bishop to fill vacancies, between 
conventions, in unexpired terms on the board 
of directors, and which would allow a direc- 
tor to be nominated for a second three-year 
term without the currently required one-year 
delay between terms. 

The Rev. Huntington Williams, Chair 


The Communicant 

North Carolina Episcopal 
Church Foundation 

The North Carolina Episcopal Church Foun- 
dation, Inc. was established in 1955 for the 
purpose of aiding the expansion of the church 
in the diocese. Funds are available to parish- 
es and missions and to other institutions 
owned by the diocese for: erection of build- 
ings, acquisitions of buildings and property, 
and repairs, renovations and improvements 
to existing facilities. 

Low-interest-rate loans are available to 
parishes and missions up to a maximum of 
$60,000 per borrower, repayable over 10 
years. For wholly owned diocesan institutions, 
the maximum limit per loan is $200,000. 
Grants are available also up to a maximum of 
$5,000 each for the same purposes. Funding 
decisions are based on the need for the pro- 
ject and funds available. Currently, the inter- 
est rate for parishes and institutions is 6% 
and for missions 5%. 

During the past year, the board of directors 
of the foundation approved the following: 

Loans Approved and Distributed: 

Church of Nativity, Raleigh $55,000 

Church of the Holy Spirit, Greensboro 55,000 
St. Peter's Church, Charlotte 60,000 

All Saints' Church, Warrenton 6,220 

St. Paul's Church, Smithfield 25,000 

Galloway Memorial Chapel, Elkin 25,000 



Church of Nativity, Raleigh $ 5,000 

Diocese of N.C. for Duke Chapel 5,000 

Grace Church, Weldon 5,000 

Church of the Holy Spirit, Greensboro 5,000 
Church of the' Good Shepherd, 

Cooleemee 5,000 

All Saints' Church, Warrenton 5,000 


One loan with a balahce due of $46,233 is 
delinquent as to both interest and principal. 
This amount represents 5% of loans outstand- 
ing and 3.3% of total assets. 

The Wachovia Bank & Trust Company, 
N.A., serves as fiscal agent and treasurer. The 
foundation enjoys a sound financial condition; 
as of Oct. 31, 1988, the face amount of loans 
amounted to $1,471,420, with a principal 
balance due of $923,947. Total assets at mar- 
ket value and their current yield as of Oct. 
31, 1988 are: 


Cash & Equivalents 
Common Stocks 

Balance due on loans 

$ 113,004 





In order that the foundation be maintained 
and grow, it must look to bequests and gifts 
from individuals or corporations in the dio- 
cese. At this time, 67% of our total assets is 
committed in loans. At the present rate of ap- 
provals, the foundation could easily face a 
shortage of funds and not be able to assist 
further expansion in our diocese. 

The foundation welcomes inquiries from 
parishes, missions and wholly owned dioce- 
san institutions. 

Roger Gant, Jr., Chairman 


This is the second report prepared by the 
historiographer. The historiographer's job is 
to encourage the preservation and publication 
of our diocesan history. The position is non- 
salaried, appointed by the bishop and con- 
firmed by convention. This year the histori- 

Submitted to The Communicant an article, 
"The Meaning of Diocesan Church Names." 

Sent to Bishops Estill and Vest a brief anal- 
ysis of the new diocesan history book. 

Sent out a second historiographer's newslet- 
ter to scholars in the area concerning new ac- 

Obtained a list of certified Tiffany stain 
glass windows in diocesan churches. 

Taught four lessons at St. Paul's Church, 
Cary, on Anglican Church history. 

Taught a lesson on archaeology and the 
Bible at the Church of the Good Shepherd, 

Acted as a resource person for the Rev. 
Charles Hocking on the religious views of 
Thomas Jefferson. 

Answered several letters of inquiry about 
diocesan history. 

Taught in the Historian's Workshop at St. 
Augustine's College. 

Attended the annual celebration of historic 
St. John's Church, Williamsboro, and confer- 
red with several members of the St. John's 
committee on the acquisition of property 

Weeks of the historiographer's time were 
spent in editing 128 copies of the parish 
histories and in writing 30 parish histories 
from missions and churches not responding 
to our requests. By January 1989 we should 
have all parish histories in our archives. At 
some point next year a reference book on our 
churches will be published. The project will 
be the first ever in our diocese. 

The historiographer can report that the ar- 
chivist, Michelle Francis, is doing an excel- 
lent job in preserving our records. The dio- 
cese has set up now a very efficient records 
keeping system which ranks among the top 
of all United States Episcopal dioceses. 

The historiographer recommends to the dio- 
cese that it purchase a microfilming machine 
to conserve storage space and to prevent the 
deterioration of its documents and records 

Frank Grubbs, PhD, Historiographer 

North Carolina Association 
of Episcopal Schools 

It is only a few month old, but already 
growing and thriving beyond the most opti- 
mistic expectations! 

The North Carolina Association of Episco- 
pal Schools(NCAES) was born on October 1 at 
the organizational meeting at Emmanuel 
Church in Southern Pines and is pleased to 
boast 11 charter members. With 20 eligible 
schools in the diocese, this level of interest 
seems to indicate a real desire for networking 
among our schools. 

The purposes of the NCAES are many, but 

primarily to act as a source of support for 
member schools and as a vehicle for sharing 
resources and information. 

The sharing began at the organizational 
meeting when Ann Gordon, executive direc- 
tor of the National Association of Episcopal 
Schools, conducted a workshop on church/ 
schools relationship. Representatives from 
church and school staffs, board members and 
parents came together to learn effective ways 
of working together. The group will sponsor 
two workshops per year. One for school fac- 
ulty is in the planning stages for the spring. 

Mary Thompson, headmistress of Episcopal 
Day School, Emmanuel Church, Southern 
Pines, was elected chairman of the new or- 
ganization. Others elected were Joanne Mar- 
shall, vice chairman, Holy Trinity Day School, 
Greensboro; Ellen Easterling, secretary, Holy 
Family Day Care, Chapel Hill; and Judy 
Bragg, treasurer, Christ Church Kindergarten, 
Charlotte. In addition to electing officers, the 
group also adopted bylaws and a set of guide- 
lines. The group also drew up a resolution 
that the organization be recognized as an in- 
stitution of the Episcopal Church, the resolu- 
tion was submitted to the General Convention. 

Mary Thompson, Chairman 

Saint Mary's College 

The i 46TH academic year opened with the ar- 
rival of an exceptionally spirited group of 
students. There has been a remarkable sense 
of school spirit; faculty, staff and students 
have noticed and commented on the renewed 
sense of commitment on campus. The Stu- 
dent Government Association is doing a very 
effective job of involving students in campus 
life and providing opportunities for a variety 
of activities. We are certainly proud to see 
the quality of leadership which these experi- 
ences are providing for our young women. 
This is especially evident in the various 
dimensions of our outreach program, which 
is coordinated through the chapel. Members 
of the vestry have specific responsibilities for 
recruiting new volunteers and arranging their 
schedules. Volunteer work in the community 
is a tradition at Saint Mary's, and the numbers 
of students involved, and their initiative and 
commitment, remain outstanding. In an era 
when students are often described as passive 
and uninvolved, we are witnessing a strong 
and steady commitment from our students. 
Each week, we have students volunteering at 
the Governor Morehead School for the Blind, 
Hillhaven Convalescent Center and the Frankie 
Lemmon School for Retarded Children. Stu- 
dents also joined in the CROP Walk and are 
sponsoring an Angel Tree to provide gifts for 

children of inmates in North Carolina prisons. 

In line with this emphasis on the develop- 
ment of student leadership, the college has 
introduced the Leadership Scholarship, which 
provides up to $3,000 to students who apply 
to Saint Mary's with a record of service to 
their schools, churches and communities. One 
of the documented strengths of a woman's 
college is the leadership opportunities, and 
this continues to be true at Saint Mary's. As 
our dean of students has pointed out: Where 
else can a college sophomore be president of 
the Student Government Association, or 
senior warden of the vestry? 

The academic program at Saint Mary's con- 
tinues to be our greatest strength. We are 
proud to continue serving the Episcopal 
Church in this diocese through our commit- 
ment to liberal learning. We are seeking a 
variety of opportunities to help our students 
connect the life of the mind with the life of 
the heart and spirit, and we feel blessed in 
this mission. 

The Rev. Janet C. Watrous 
Chaplain and Director of Church Relations 

Ecumenical Commission 

With both General Convention and Lambeth 
Conference occurring in 1988, the Ecumenical 
Commission was at pains to see that both of 
our bishops were well prepared in the field 
of ecumenical affairs for, especially at Lam- 
beth, a number of ecumenical matters of con- 
siderable import were on the agenda. Amongst 
these were our official relationships with the 
Roman Catholic and Lutheran Churches and 
the effect that the ordination of women to 
both the priesthood and episcopacy in some 
provinces of the Anglican Communion would 
have on current unity discussions with the 
Roman Church. 

Closer to home, there have been two items 
of ecumenical interest that should be report- 
ed. The first being that the Episcopal Diocese 
of North Carolina and the Roman Catholic 
Diocese of Raleigh are in the initial, explora- 
tory stages of investigating the possibility of 
establishing one or more shared parishes to be 
located (probably) in the fast growing areas 
north of Raleigh and environs. This is very 
tentative, but nonetheless, a real possibility 
for the not so distant future. The commission 
envisions a common facility with as much 
shared as possible under the present guide- 
lines. With our mutual traditions being so 
similar, a very great deal can be shared - 
educational, pastoral and social ministries, for 

Secondly, the third in a series of Lutheran/ 
Anglican/Roman Catholic overnight con- 

At ECW annual meeting in Charlotte: Presiding Bishop Edmond Browning, Bishop John Spong of Newark, Bishop Robert Estill of North Carolina. 

Diocesan Convention 1989 

ferences occurred in late November at Trinity 
Conference Center, Salter Path. This was 
sponsored jointly by the Lutheran Synod of 
North Carolina, the Diocese of North Caro- 
lina, the Diocese of East Carolina and the 
Roman Catholic Diocese of Raleigh. It was at- 
tended by some 110 clergy and lay persons 
from these judicatories and was a truly worth- 
while and productive ecumenical experience. 
Both of our bishops were present and involv- 
ed in the leadership. From these conferences, 
it is very clear that our three churches share 
such a high degree of common tradition and 
heritage that it is only a matter of time and 
patience until we fully recognize each other 
and are in full communion. (The Episcopal 
Church is presently in communion with the 
Evangelical Lutheran Church in America on 
an iterim basis.) A fourth such conference 
will occur in 1989. 

The Ecumenical Commission is also respon- 
sible for our relationship with the North 
Carolina Council of Churches, of which the 
diocese is a member. Members of the com- 
mission and Bishop Estill hold seats in its 
General Assembly, the Commission on Chris- 
tian Unity, the Commission on Finance and 
Budget and the Executive Board. The North 
Carolina Council of Churches is most active 
in the area of social ministries such as health 
care for low income people, low income hous- 
ing, toxic waste concerns, the death penalty, 
poverty, prison concerns and alternatives, 
persons with AIDS and their problems and 
day care for children. About 25 churches be- 
long to the council. 

The commission invites your inquiries and 
questions about ecumenical affairs and con- 
cerns. Speakers on the current ecumenical 
scene are available upon request. Inquiries 
may be addressed to the Ecumenical Offiver, 
P.O. Box 596, Erwin, NC 28339. 

The Rev. Hugh A. Whitesell 
Ecumenical Offficer 

Companion Diocese 

"Go ye therefore into all the world. . . " 

Five years ago the companion diocese rela- 
tionship began between the Diocese of North 
Carolina and the Diocese of Belize. The Right 
Reverend Keith A. McMillan had visited the 
Diocese of North Carolina a few months be- 
fore the relationship was officially established, 
and there was a lot of excitement and interest 
on the part of both dioceses as the relation- 
ship began! 

This past year was marked with the un- 
timely death of Bishop McMillan, who died 
after a short illness. He was a man of vision 
and the pivotal person for our many wonder- 
ful times in Belize. Martha Alexander attend- 
ed his funeral in Kingston, Jamaica and the 
Reverend Tom Midyette was in attendance at 
the memorial service held in Belize. 

Even though this tragedy occurred -the 
relationship still continues-since it is indeed 
a relationship between the two dioceses. 

In 1988 we were grateful to all those within 
the diocese -both individuals and churches - 
who contributed money for Belize. We were 
grateful for those who offered their service to 
Belize and we were continually grateful for 
the relationship which have been established 
and for the correspondence which takes place 
between the dioceses. 

During the year the commission did an ex- 
tensive appraisal of the relationship and plans 
to publish a summary of the last five years in 
The Communicant in 1989. In the summer a 
youth trip comprised of 10 youths and five 
adults went to Belize for two weeks and par- 
ticipated with youth and adults from Belize 
in a youth mission. One of the main projects 
for those on the trip was a work project which 
involved building much-needed windows for 
St. Mary's School. In addition to the actual 
physical labor, relationships were established 
by the participants as they worked, played, 
studied and prayed together. A trip to a 
Mayan ruin, the Belize zoo and to Caye 

Caulker were among the side trips that took 

Money was awarded to a Belizian student, 
Julie Moody, at St. Augustine's to attend a 
college conference. 

The Right Reverend Robert W. Estill and 
the Reverend Wilson Carter stopped in Belize 
in November to establish some of the plans 
for the coming year. 

A memorial for Bishop McMillan and a trip 
for Belizian youth to visit North Carolina are 
planned for this coming year. And the Angli- 
can News will be distributed to all parishes 
and missions in North Carolina in the early 
part of 1989. 

A part of this commission's work reaches 
beyond Belize. Scholarship money was made 
available to Haiti and to the Anglican School 
in Haifa. 

Martha B. Alexander, Chairman 

Department of Planning 
and Review 

Canon 15, Section 5, assigns to the bishop 
and the Diocesan Council the responsibility 
for continual study of the long-range objec- 
tives of the church's work in the diocese, 
with particular emphasis on: 

(1) The strategy and methods for church ex- 

(2) Diocesan programs in religious educa- 

(3) Diocesan programs in Christian social 

(4) Diocesan programs in evangelism. 

(5) Diocesan support for educational and 
charitable institutions. 

(6) The means to achieve more adequate 
financial support for diocesan activities and 
capital facilities. 

(7) New programs necessary to advance the 
work of the church in the diocese. 

The Department of Planning and Review 
defines its role as facilitator to the bishop and 
council in conducting that study as the basis 
for the council's canonical report to conven- 
tion "setting forth its evaluation of the work 
and program of the diocese, the objectives 
towards which it believes the Diocese must 
work, and its specific recommendations for 
objectives to be included in the program and 
the budget of the Diocese for the fiscal year 
next following that for which a budget is be- 
ing adopted." 

The department reported to the council on 
November 28, 1988, expressing its understan- 
ding of the long-range objectives of the 
diocese and their continued suitability; its 
evaluation of the work and program of the 
diocese in addressing those objectives utiliz- 
ing the seven guidelines set out in the canon; 
and its recommended changes in the pro- 
grams of the diocese. 

J. Ward Purrington, Chairman 

Department of Finance 
and Business Methods 

The purpose of the Department of Finance 
and Business Methods, as stated in Canon 15 
of the diocesan canons is that it; "shall direct, 
coordinate, and administer the business af- 
fairs of the diocese not vested by Canon in 
other officers and agencies and not otherwise 
assigned by the Council." According to these 
stated guidelines, the department reports the 
following activities in 1988: 

1. For the diocesan staff, exclusive of the 
two bishops, continued making progress in 
the following areas: annual evaluations and 
reviews; job descriptions. 

2. Consulted and worked with the diocesan 
business manager on numerous matters, in- 
cluded among these being: review and analy- 
sis of parish parochial reports; questions about 
parish assessment quotas based on parochial 
reports; arranging for line of credit to meet 
cash shortfall in ACTS campaign for Confer- 
ence Center construction. 

3. Submitted salary recommendations for 
1989 for the Episcopal Maintenance Fund 
falling within the purview of this department. 

4. Recommended clergy minimum salary 
increases for 1989. 

5. Worked closely with the Budget Depart- 

interval there has been considerable contact 
with diocesan officials, progress with work of 
the committee, and change in the committee 

Services: Use of the chapel has continued to 
include an annual homecoming in October 

Central America attracted numerous diocesan peace missions in 1988 

ment to develop the 1989 budgets for the 
Episcopal Maintenance Fund. 

6. Dealt with and advised parishes on in- 
vestment of parish funds. 

7. Met with diocesan Investment Commit- 
tee and members of Property Management 
Department and of Christian Social Ministries 
to discuss question of socially responsible in- 
vestments for the diocese. 

8. Recommended referral to the Committee 
on Constitution and Canons matter that as- 
sessment quotas be sent to the parishes by the 
treasurer of the diocese rather than secretary 
of the diocese in order to conform to actual 

9. Advised and assisted the treasurer of the 
diocese in overseeing the expenditure of dio- 
cesan funds. 

Mahlon W. DeLoatch Jr., Chairman 

Committee of Friends 
of Saint Mary's Chapel 

This "annual" report covers two years in- 
asmuch as a written report was not submit- 
ted in November 1987. During this two-year 

and occasionally other functions such as 
weddings and meetings. Bishop Vest and 
Bishop Estill preached at the 1987 and 1988 
homecoming services respectively, and the 
Rev. Jerry Fisher officiated each year. 

Financial Activity and Contributions: Con- 
tributions in 1987 included a gift of $5,000 
from the St. Stephen's Episcopal Church 
Foundation, plus $2200 from homecoming of- 
ferings and other gifts. In 1988, most con- 
tributions were designated for a memorial 
fund for John Wallace Bacon and totaled 
$1775 through the date of homecoming. In- 
terest on savings each year was $405 in 1987 
and $560 in 1988. Consideration of possible 
perpetual funds for the St. Mary's chapel and 
cemetery resulted in a visit with Ms. Letty 
Magdanz, business manager of the diocese, 
by Polly Roberts in August 1987. Ms. Magdanz 
related that the Helen L. Webb Trust Fund, 
established by the will of Bishop Cheshire in 
1937, has grown to a principal of $6,470 and 
an interest of slightly over $8000. 

Progress and Proposed Goals: Significant pro- 
gress on the chapel is under way at this writ- 
ing. A moisture barrier and new interior walls 
are being installed and the finalizing of other 
interior work -staining, painting, finishing 


The Communicant 



i > I'iuwKUu.M'uawn.uuuuwuw • *».> v\ 

the floor, etc. -is under way. This represents 
a major accomplishment. The committee anti- 
cipates working on the chapel cemetery in 1989 
to the end of identifying as many graves as pos- 
sible, repairing markers and adding plaques. 

Committee Membership: For the 20 years the 
Committee of Friends of St. Mary's Chapel 
has been in existence, Wallace Bacon has 
served as chairman and been a real advocate 
of restoration and use of the chapel. Sadly, in 
a human sense, Wallace died in April 1988, 
leaving our extensive progress at St. Mary's as 
a memorial to his dedication and commitment 
to see St. Mary's fully restored and functional. 
Fortunately, his wife, Mary Lena, agreed to as- 
sume the chairmanship and give her support, 
more fully, to accomplishing the goals we 
have all shared. In addition, Warren Walker, 
one of the original five members, also died. 
The committee selected three new members: 
Mrs. Don Johnson, daughter of Wallace and 
Mary Lean; the Rev. Bruce Lawrence; and 
David Lyle, all residents of the St. Mary's 

Polly Roberts, Vice-Chairman 

Proposed 1989 Budgets 

There are a number of unresolved factors 
which require further consideration before 
presentation of a proposed budget for 1989; 
therefore, the proposed budget for 1989 is not 
published in this issue of The Communicant. 

The Budget Department will submit its rec- 
ommendation at the January 11, 1989 meeting 
of the Diocesan Council. 

Thomas Fanjoy, Chairman 
Budget Department 

Department of 
Property Management 

The Department of Property Management 
met three times during the year. Members of 
the Department also met with the Investment 
Committee at their regular meetings, and at a 
special meeting with the Investment Commit- 
tee and representatives from the Christian 
Social Ministries Commission to explore 
socially responsible investing. 

A contact was made for maintenance of the 
cemetery in Gulf. The church building that 
had stood there was moved some years ago 
and the cemetery has not been cared for. 

Refurbishing the interior of the Diocesan 
House was continued, and a commercial 
cleaner was contracted with to do the routine 
cleaning of the Diocesan House. 

Work is continuing on the property file 
which will include pictures, locations, descrip- 
tions, and other pertinent information on all 
mission and other diocesan property. 

The diocesan insurance program -fire, theft, 
and liability -was reviewed, and a full report 
made to Council. 

The department recommended to the Stan- 
ding Committee that a piece of property on 
Bald Head Island, given to the ACTS cam- 
paign, be sold following usual procedures. 

Bishop Estill appointed members to the His- 
toric Church Committee as provided by Can- 
on 15, and an initial meeting has been held. 

Jane House, Chairman 

Trustees of the Francis J. 
Murdoch Memorial Society 

The Francis J. Murdoch Memorial Society 
was founded by Margaret Murdoch to honor 
her brother, the Rev. Francis J. Murdoch, late 
rector of St. Luke's, Salisbury. The society 
makes loans to persons preparing for the or- 
dained ministry of the Episcopal Church, the 
loan being converted to a non-repayable grant 
when the recipient is ordained. 

Application forms for grants from the socie- 
ty may be obtained from the convenor of the 
trustees, whose name appears in the Journal 

of the Convention. Completed applications 
should be endorsed by the applicants rector 
or vicar and sent to the convenor for trustee 

During 1988, the society made grants to 
John K. Gibson, Timothy J. Patterson, Sonja 
S. Hudson, Katherine J. Broadway, Samuel 
Johnson Howard, and Lisa G. Fischbeck. 

Because of the unusually large number of 
requests for support this year, allocations to 
each individual were depressingly small. This 
is especially regrettable in view of the fact 
that other sources of support for theological 
education are declining. 

Perhaps the time has come for the diocese 
to make a significant effort to raise new funds 
for the support of those studying for the or- 
dained ministry. The Murdoch Society stands 
ready to assist in this enterprise should the 
diocese decide to undertake such an effort. 

Earl H. Brill, Convenor 

Ad Hoc Committee to 
Study the Funding of 
Diocesan Budgets 

The Committee to Study the Funding of 
Diocesan Budgets has met twice since its ap- 
pointment by the 172nd Convention. We have 
undertaken study in three areas: (1) to learn 
the history and evaluate the effectiveness of 
the current quota and assessment funding 
procedure in the diocese; (2) to compare the 
funding procedures of other dioceses of the 
Episcopal Church, especially in the Fourth 
Province; and (3) to understand the rationale 
for our present system and evaluate its con- 
gruency with the stewardship theology we are 
teaching in the church today. 

It is notable that in the Episcopal Church 
presently, there are only 17 dioceses which 
have a "two budget" system, as we do in this 
diocese. Eighty-three dioceses have a unified 
budget. There are wider variations as to 
whether congregational giving at the diocesan 
level is on a voluntary basis, a mandatory 
assessment basis, or some combination of the 
two. It has evolved in the Diocese of North 
Carolina that the budget for the maintenance 
of the episcopate is based on a mandatory 
assessment and the program budget is based 
on a voluntary contribution, with a suggested 
quota for each congregation. Both are based 
on a complex formula administered by the 
Diocesan Council through the office of the 
Business Manager and Treasurer. 

It may be that the time has come for the 
two budgets of the Diocese of North Carolina 
to be unified. If so, a decision must be made 
to continue the present "quota and assess- 
ment" funding system or move toward a more 
voluntary system, perhaps with suggested 
minimum amounts or percentage guidelines. 
Regardless of the course we follow, it is es- 
sential that our approach to diocesan funding 
be grounded in and congruent with sound 
principles of Biblical stewardship, as well as 
wise financial management. 

We believe that these are important and 
complex issues which need future study and 
discussion. We look forward to continuing 
the deliberations of this committee and invite 
the ideas and opinions of the diocesan com- 
munity in 1989. 

Henry N. Parsley Jr., Chair 

AIDS Committee 

The AIDS Committee of the diocese is com- 
mitted to enabling our church to respond 
with care and love to those persons in our 
society affected by AIDS. In spite of the deep, 
often irrational fear which this epidemic has 
evoked throughout our society and the moral 
perplexity which often swirls around it, AIDS 
is in essence a tragic disease which causes 
great human suffering. It has moral dimen- 
sions to be sure, as do many human diseases. 
But the urgent and central issue in our re- 
sponse to AIDS must be the alleviation of 


human suffering. Together our goal must be 
to control its spread, provide effective and 
compassionate care for those who contract it, 
and seek its cure. 

We believe that the Episcopal Church has a 
significant role to play and leadership to offer 
in this effort. Rather than distance ourselves 
in fear, we wish to reach out. Not only do 
persons affected by AIDS need to receive the 
pastoral care and compassion of the church, 
but there are urgent needs for housing, eco- 
nomic assistance, and legislative action on 
their behalf. We challenge the congregations 
of our diocese to become involved and offer 
their resources to meet such needs in our 
several communities. 

The second AIDS conference of the diocese 
was held Nov. 11-12 at Christ Church, Char- 
lotte, with some 70 persons in attendance. It 
was an effective conference, the purpose of 
which was to begin equipping persons in our 
congregations to help provide ministry in and 
through local churches to persons affected by 
AIDS. Present at the conference were mem- 
bers of AIDS service organizations in the Pied- 
mont area, Professor John Snow of Cambridge, 
Mass., the Ensemble Theatre Company of the 
Weaver Center in Greensboro, and a number 
of experts from the health and human care 

The AIDS Committee hopes to continue 
building a network of resources and caring in 
our diocese as we seek ways to respond to 
the escalating need which confronts us. We 
invite any and all who are concerned about 
AIDS to join us in this effort. 

Henry N. Parsley Jr., Chair 


To work and minister in the Diocese of 
North Carolina is a pleasure and an honor. 
This past summer, I was one of your deputies 
to the General Convention. Thank you for 
electing me. I also took a sabbatical this year, 
three months from the first of September 
through November. This enabled me to take 
the time to get a little different perspective 
on the life which God has given to me and 
on the ministries to which I am called. Again, 
thank you for allowing and encouraging me 
through the bishops and Diocesan Council, 
to observe a sabbatical. Sabbath is a great 
and wonderful gift to the world, from God 
through our Jewish and Christian faith. 

The work of the Secretary of the Diocese is 
dealt with in another report. This brief report 
highlights the program side of my ministry. 

The Education and Training Commission is 
working to break new ground and settle into 
new patterns under a new chair, Betty Johnson 
from St. John's, Charlotte. Important Christian 
Education resolutions were passed at General 
Convention and work has begun to imple- 
ment these. 

The Stewardship Commission, under the 
direction of Ted Voorhees remains strong. 
The annual Spring Stewardship Conference, 
featuring Bishop John MacNaughton, was 
well attended. The commission offered a one- 
day fall conference with the Rev. Charles 
Minifie from the College of Preachers and a 
one evening meeting in the Rocky Mount 
Convocation. On site, local, assistance has 
been given to several congregations. Five per- 
sons have been trained as stewardship con- 
sultants. The merger of the Stewardship Com- 
mission with the Land Stewardship Commis- 
sion will bring new opportunities for creative 
work in 1989. The Rev. Ted Voorhees retires 
as chair of the commission. I will miss his 
contributions. I am proud of the Stewardship 

The Small Church Commission remains 
under the leadership of the Rev. Harrison T. 
Simons, one of the foremost experts on small 
churches in the Episcopal Church. As the 
members of this convention are aware, the 
majority of congregations in the diocese are 
small. This is true throughout the Episcopal 
Church. The Small Church Commission has 
especially sought to be sensitive to the small, 
rural, struggling congregations. The excite- 


ment and dynamic activity seen on the 1-85 
corridor is not shared in all corners of the 
state. The commission has served as a council 
of advice to the bishops, designed programs 
for the small churches, and has responded to 
specific requests for assistance and support. 

The Planned Giving Commission has gain- 
ed new leadership under the direction of the 
Rev. Glenn Busch as chair. The Rev. Royal 
Dedrick continues his ministry as Planned 
Giving Officer. I encourage you to call on 
Glenn, Roy, and this commission to help you 
to live out the stewardship rubric of the 
Prayer Book (page 445| regarding our need 

Najla Nave was chair of the Youth Com- 
mission this past year. Frances Payne has fin- 
ished her first full year as Youth Coordinator 
for the diocese. Her work with the Youth 
Commission has been significant. Youth pro- 
grams for our junior and senior high school 
students, designed to support local congrega- 
tionally based youth ministry, have been ex- 

The Department of Mission and Outreach 
has been ably chaired and guided by Anne 
Tomlinson. She retires this year and I will 
miss her steady guidance. I assist that depart- 
ment with its work as well as the closely re- 
lated quarterly meetings of convocation deans 
and wardens. The bulk of the programs of 
the diocese are carried out under the umbrella 
of the Department of Mission and Outreach. 

Among many miscellaneous ministries, I 
am especially proud of my work on the annu- 
al secretaries and the annual senior wardens 
conferences. I also coordinate the annual cler- 
gy conference and the annual clergy retreat, 
produce a nine times a year newsletter for 
clergy and diocesan lay leaders, and maintain 
a modest resource center at the Diocese 
House. This year coming, the Department of 
Mission and Outreach has encouraged me to 
add a gathering of all of the chairpersons of 
diocesan commissions and committees for the 
purpose of coordinating ministries and shar- 
ing information and support. 

The Diocese of North Carolina is a strong 
diocese, with able, mature, and steady clergy 
and lay leadership. I am pleased to be a part 
of it. 

The Ven. Neff Powell 

Christian Social Ministries 

Christian Social Ministries highlights for 1988: 

1. Visitation and Consultation: In 1988 I trav- 
eled about 15,000 miles making visitations 
with congregations and doing ecumenical 
work on behalf of the diocse. CSM Commis- 
sion members met regularly to work on their 
agendas, consulting one another on inter- 
related work. 

2. Greensboro Episcopal Housing Ministry. As 
of December 1, there is a full-time housing 
person in place in Greensboro. Using local 
and diocesan funds, he will develop local low 
income housing and serve as a consultant to 
the diocese. 

3. Diocesan Investments: Working with the 
Diocesan Council, CSM has set in motion a 
process whereby the diocese will be able to 
examine our financial investments from a 
socially responsible perspective. At present, 
for example, the trust department managing 
our portfolio has large holdings in South 
Africa and we have about 30 investments in 
that country. It is hoped that we can look at 
our investments with an eye on issues such 
as health, environment, minority and 
women's concerns. 

4. Central America: In November, Bishop 
Estill accompanied an 18-person delegation 
from the diocese to Honduras. This was in 
answer to his prior question, "What is the 
role of our diocese in Central America?" The 
delegation took representatives from various 
special interest groups in the diocese (peace, 
youth, ECW, farmworkers, etc.) and they are 
presently mapping out a strategy for future 
work in the region. One plan already in place 
is to send a diocesan youth team to Honduras 
in 1989. 

Diocesan Convention 1989 


5. Lobbying: This year we put in place a 
full-time lobbyist to represent the social con- 
cerns of the diocese at our General Assembly. 
The Rev. Barbara Armstrong will be actively 
involved during the upcoming 1989 session, 
directing our focus on issues such as the el- 
derly, migrant workers, AIDS, the homeless 
and criminal justice. 

6. Conferences: CSM helped diocesan com- 
mittees plan and implement a number of con- 
ferences. Of particular note are the confer- 
ences on human sexuality, peace, AIDS, rac- 
ism and alcoholism. 

7. Grants: Through the CSM office in 1988, 
we were able to help get over $125,000 worth 
of grants and donations for the diocese to do 
regional social ministries projects. 

8. Middle East Peace: This past summer I 
made my second trip to Israel and the Oc- 
cupied Territories. Using our diocesan peace 
network, we are raising that issue to a higher 
level of attention in the diocese. In Novem- 
ber, we hosted Mubarak Awad, Palestinian 
peace activist, in a Raleigh forum and plan in 
1989 to do similar events around the diocese. 

9. Relief Work: Raleigh was hit by a tornado, 
Nicaragua and Jamaica by a hurricane, and 
Armenia by an earthquake. Because we now 
have a diocesan representative, Linda Hensley, 
as our first Presiding Bishop's Fund for World 
Relief person, we are raising funds to meet 
those tragedies, as well as future disasters. 

10. Racism: CSM is expanding its member- 
ship and concern over the rising racism evi- 
denced in North Carolina. In 1989 we plan to 
do major work in this area. 

11. Criminal Justice: In 1988 we worked to 
change the death penalty age in North Caro- 
lina from 21 to under 18 and continued in our 
effort, with the N.C. Council of Churches to 
foster alternatives to prison. That effort will 
continue in 1989. 

The Rev. E. James Lewis, CSM Director 


Humane Services for 
the Mentally 111 

Whereas, the Christian church recognizes 
that all persons, including those with mental 
illness, are children of God; and 

whereas citizens of the United States of 
America have a basic right to at least a mini- 
mal standard of health care; and 

whereas historically, persons with mental ill- 
ness have been removed from communities 
and imprisoned or placed in institutions 
which are poorly staffed, inadequately fund- 
ed and offer little or no rehabilitative pro- 
gramming; and 

whereas the trend of deinstitutionalization in 
recent years has led to large scale homeless- 
ness and the further aggravation of their psy- 
chiatric problems and, 

whereas these problems frequently iead to 
readmission, failure to receive appropriate 
services and an increased incidence of victim- 
ization, alcoholism and other forms of sub- 
stance abuse and or suicide; 

therefore, be it resolved that this the one 
hundred and seventy-third Annual Conven- 
tion of the Episcopal Diocese of North Caro- 
lina go on record as supporting humane ser- 
vices for our brothers and sisters with mental 
illness which include; 

Safe and healthful conditions in psychiatric 
hospitals and other institutions. 

Adequately paid and trained staff in suffi- 
cient numbers so as to promote mental health 
and well being. 

Programs to help persons with mental ill- 
ness make successful transitions from institu- 
tions into the community. 

Increased availability of community based 
residential and outpatient programs and ser- 

Guaranteed access to specialized groups 
such as the homeless, AIDS patients, children, 
the elderly and persons with chronic and 
severe mental illness. 

therefore be it further resolved that 
parishes and individuals of this diocese sup- 
port the health and well being of persons 
with mental illness through support of their 
local Mental Health Association and other 
organizations which promote mental health 
and through expressing their concerns of the 
same to their local, state and federal officials. 

be it further resolved that copies of this 
resolution be sent to the President of the 
United States, to the Governor of the State of 
North Carolina, to North Carolina members 
of Congress and to all members of the Gen- 
eral Assembly of North Carolina. 

The Rev. William J. McNeely 

Supporting the Ordination 
of the Rev. Barbara Harris 
as Suffragan Bishop 

Whereas, the Diocese of Massachusetts 
chose the Reverend Barbara Harris to be its 
Suffragan Bishop in a fair and legitimate elec- 
tion on September 24th, 1988; 

whereas, in fulfilling the canonical require- 
ments for ordination, the Reverend Barbara 
Harris is an eligible candidate to be a Bishop 
in the Episcopal Church; 

whereas, the Standing Committee of the Dio- 
cese of North Carolina has had the canonical 
responsibility to determine any impediments 
of an elected person of another diocese to be 
a Bishop in the Episcopal Church and to 
report such findings to the Standing Commit- 
tee of the Diocese of Massachusetts; 

whereas, no canonical impediments have been 
determined which would prevent the election 
of the Reverend Barbara Harris to the posi- 
tion of a Bishop in the Episcopal Church; 

BE it resolved that this 1989 Convention of 
the Diocese of North Carolina approve and 
support the election of the Reverend Barbara 
Harris to be a Suffragan Bishop of the Dio- 
cese of Massachusetts. 

The Rev. David Williams 

The Rev. Earl Brill 

The Rev. Anne Hodges-Copple 

Land Stewardship 

Whereas the laws of our state and nation ex- 
press our deeply rooted values and our hope 
for creation and civilization; 

whereas we recognize an increasingly serious 
conflict between these values and our environ- 
ment, between our hopes and our society; 

therefore, be it resolved that the Conven- 
tion of the Episcopal Diocese of North Caro- 
lina requests that our lawmakers imbue their 
work with a special concern for its effect on 
natural Creation. 

W. D. Bullock 
Church of the Advent, Enfield 

Diocesan Land Stewardship 

Whereas pollution of the air, water, and land 
in our communities, state, nation and world 
is one of the most fundamental and impor- 
tant problems facing us at this time; and 

whereas members of the Diocese of North 
Carolina have long occupied positions of 

leadership in the Land Stewardship Commis- 
sion and Council, and other organizations de- 
voted to the preservation of God's Creation; 

therefore, be it resolved that the Diocese of 
North Carolina urges its parishes and mis- 
sions, under the leadership of the Land Ste- 
wardship Commission, to sponsor and con- 
duct programs to educate and heighten the 
awareness of our people concerning this vital 
problem, and their opportunities for effective 
action to help solve it. 

W. D. Bullock 
Church of the Advent, Enfield 

Affirming Youth Work 

Whereas: Young people often have no reli- 
gious background which can give them the 
strength and guidance to choose well among 
the conflicting temptations and choices of 
this life; and 

whereas: Many youth have ever become 
mired in the life endangering world of drugs, 
illicit sex, senseless violence in the false hope 
of giving them satisfaction and happiness; and 

whereas: Research shows that if people are 
not exposed to the love of God in Christ by 
the time they leave high school, the chances 
are greatly reduced that they will have an op- 
portunity to hear the story of salvation; 

therefore be it resolved: That this 173rd 
convention of the Diocese of North Carolina 
commend and affirm the youth work of the 
congregations in this diocese. 

and be it further resolved: That parishes 
and missions actively support community 
organizations which strive to meet the needs 
and concerns of young people for inclusion, 
hope and guidance, both secular and religious; 

and be it further resolved: that all con- 
gregations intentionally include their young 
people in all levels of congregational life and 
in the full life of this diocese. 

The Rev. David C. Sweeney 
Youth Commission 

Diocesan Personnel 

Whereas, the Diocese of North Carolina is 
committed to fair, equitable, and humane 
treatment of those employed by the Diocese, 
the congregations, and related institutions, 

whereas, the Commission on the State of the 
Church has called for the creation of a 
Diocesan Personnel Committee to oversee 
our personnel policies, 

therefore be it resolved that this 173rd 
Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Dio- 
cese of North Carolina instruct the Bishop and 
Diocesan Council to appoint a Personnel Com- 
mittee of the Council, and 

be it further resolved that the said Person- 
nel Committee be instructed to: 

1. Prepare, for approval by Council, a Com- 
pensation Guide, including information con- 
cerning salary and benefits for both clergy 
and lay employees of the Diocese, the con- 
gregations and related institutions; 

2. Survey, in preparation of the Compensa- 
tion Guide, the lay employees of the Diocese, 
the congregations, and related institutions to 
determine the number and type of employ- 
ees, their salary ranges, and their accompany- 
ing benefits; 

3. Publish each year, on the authority of 
Diocesan Council, a schedule of minimum 
salary standards for both clergy and lay em- 

4. Publish and make available to all clergy 
and lay employees current information about 

medical and dental insurance and ail other 
employee benefits. 

The Rev. Earl H. Brill 

On Abortion 

Whereas, we recognize that abortion is an in- 
tensely personal, sensitive, painful, confus- 
ing, and potentially divisive issue, and 

whereas, we cherish our Anglican gift for 
"via media" and our knack for occasionally 
speaking the truth gently and with love, 

therefore, be it resolved that we the dele- 
gates of this 173rd Annual Convention of the 
Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina offer to 
one another and to the world the following 

1. Life is a holy gift and a sacred trust. 

2. Only for the gravest reasons may life be 
taken and then only with "fear and trembling." 

3. We recognize the following weighty cir- 
cumstances when the taking of another's life 
may be justified: 

a. Self Defense— when one's or one's family's 
lives are about to be taken, 

b. Time of War— when the lives of one's 
countrymen or allies are threatened by acts of 

c. Capital Punishment— when, after consid- 
erable due process, a person has been found 
guilty of wantonly and repeatedly shedding 
innocent blood, 

d. Abortion— when a mother's life is physi- 
cally threatened or when she is the victim of 
rape or incest. 

4. Our understanding of the Holy Scrip- 
tures, the traditions of our church, and our 
own reasoning all lead us to affirm [by faith) 
that life begins at conception. 

5. Because we recognize the genuine pain 
and distress that are generated both economi- 
cally and emotionally by unwanted pregnan- 
cies, and because we do not believe that this 
pain (when it is not the result of rape, incest, 
or a serious physical threat to the mother's 
life) justifies abortion, we must redouble our ef- 
forts to prevent unwanted pregnancies and to 
provide money and emotional support when 
such pregnancies occur. 

6. For all of the reasons above we believe 
that the point at which a woman should exer- 
cise control over her own body is prior to 
pregnancy. Once the new life has been con- 
ceived, it deserves its mother's, father's, and 
society's love, support, and protection. 

7. While we applaud the pro-life motive of 
"Operation Rescue," we oppose the tactics of 
illegally sitting in and overcrowding abortion 
clinics for the following reasons: 

a. Invasion of the woman's privacy— 
although we realize that the fetus has a lot 
more than privacy at stake, 

b. Ineffective— not many lives are saved, 

c. Counter productive— the backlash may 
actually result in more needless deaths as peo- 
ple get their backs up. 

The Rev Glenn Gould 

Against Executing the 
Mentally 111 and Retarded 

Whereas Jesus sought liberation and em- 
powerment for the afflicted and infirmed 
through his compassionate ministry of heal- 
ing and guidance; 

whereas we follow our Lords example and 
seek to provide safe communities for the 
mentally ill and the mentally retarded within 
which they can live with dignity and oppor- 
tunity to grow into full personhood in the im- 
age of God; 

whereas we as servants of God seek not to 
break the bruised reed; 

be it resolved that this 173rd Annual Con- 
vention of the Episcopal Diocese of North 


The Communicant 

Carolina petition the Governor and the Gen- 
eral Assembly to enact laws which prohibit 
the execution of severely mentally ill and 
mentally retarded people; 

AND BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that we petition 

the Governor and the General Assembly to 
provide alternatives to the sentence of death 
for the severely mentally ill and mentally 
retarded which will contain and restrict those 
convicted but which will also afford them 
safety, dignity, and the opportunity to know 
the redeeming and transforming love of Jesus 

Vickie B. Sigmon 
St. Anne's, Winston-Salem 

The Strategic Defense 

Whereas: The 68th General Convention 
(1985) passed a resolution expressing "opposi- 
tion to President Reagan's Strategic Defense 
Initiative, known popularly as Star Wars," and 
asking that members of Congress "withhold 
funds for studies" of the feasibility of SDI; and 

whereas: There is strong opposition to the 
Strategic Defense Initiative in the scientific 
community due, on the one hand, to the lack 
of scientific evidence that such a system can 
be created, and, on the other, to the effect 
that the attempt to build such a system will 

community," and calls on the Diocese to "de- 
velop spiritual and liturgical instructional 
models and resources," 

now, therefore be it resolved That the 
173rd Annual Convention of the Diocese of 
North Carolina acknowledge with gratitude 
and thanksgiving the ministry provided by St. 
John's House, Durham, which serves as such 
a resource for the deepening of the spiritual 
life of the Diocese. 

be it further resolved That this Convention 
call upon the people of the diocese to avail 
themselves of the opportunities offered by St. 
John's House for worship, prayer, spiritual 
direction, and retreat; and to support the min- 
istry of St. John's House by their prayers, en- 
couragement, and financial contributions as 
may be appropriate, whether individually or 

The Rev. Nancy Reynolds Pagano 

On Honorable 
Political Campaigns 

Whereas many candidates at the national, 
state and local levels in the 1988 election 
devoted much of their campaign time to 
distortions, half-truths and personal attacks 
on their opponents rather than to identifying 
and addressing the important issues of the 
campaign, and 

Ruth Anderson of St. Mark's, Raleigh, leads communications workshop for parish newsletter editors. 

have on the potential for first-strike capabili- 
ties and the escalation of the arms race; and 

whereas: The current budget deficits threaten 
both the economic security of the nation and 
the basic "safety net" programs whereby we 
seek to meet our minimum responsibilities to 
those in greatest need, 

Resolved: This 173rd Convention expresses 
its support for the General Convention's 
resolution in opposition to the spending of 
billions of dollars for the Strategic Defense 
Initiative and directs that the resolution be 
sent to the President of the United States and 
to the members of the North Carolina delega- 
tion to the United States Congress. 

The Rev. Arthur Kortheuer 

St. John's House, Durham 

Whereas the Mission Statement of the Epis- 
copal Diocese of North Carolina, adopted at 
its 170th Convention, states, in part, that "we 
fulfill our Baptismal Covenant by deepening 
our spiritual lives as part of the worshipping 

whereas pre-election polling showed that the 
majority of the American people were dis- 
pleased with the manner in which the cam- 
paign was conducted, and 

whereas a large percentage of the American 
electorate expressed their displeasure by not 
voting on November 8, 1988, and 

whereas approximately fifty percent of those 
who did vote indicated that they were casting 
their vote against rather than for a particular 

be it resolved that this 173rd Convention of 
the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina calls 
for candidates in future elections to conduct 
their campaigns with honesty and integrity 
and to devote their energy and resources to 
dealing with the important issues of their re- 
spective campaigns. 

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that copies of this 

resolution be sent to the national and North 
Carolina chairs of the Democratic and Repub- 
lican Parties. 

The Rev. Downs C. Spitler 

In Support of AIDS 



Whereas there currently have been over 648 
persons in North Carolina who have been 
identified with Acquired Immune Deficiency 
Syndrome and that this number is expected 
to double within the next fifteen months; and 

whereas there have been documented cases 
in which persons with AIDS or persons 
perceived to have AIDS have lost their jobs, 
housing, insurance, or have otherwise suf- 
fered discrimination because of their identifi- 
cation with AIDS; and 

whereas the State AIDS Task Force and the 
Legislative Study Commission have seen the 
need for and recommended legislation to pro- 
tect persons with AIDS from discrimination; 

whereas the act of discrimination against any 
human being is in stark contrast to the 
philosophy and teachings of the Gospel of 
Jesus Christ, 

therefore be it resolved that we of the 
Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina support 
and urge the passage of legislation by the 
General Assembly of North Carolina which 
would prohibit discrimination in the areas of 
housing, employment, insurance, public ser- 
vices, public transportation, or in the use of 
places of public accommodation, against any 
person in North Carolina who has AIDS, 
AIDS Related Complex, who tests positive for 
the AIDS virus, or who is perceived to have 
any of the above; and 

be it further resolved that we urge all 
Episcopalians and, indeed, all citizens of 
North Carolina to contact their local State 
legislators and senators to request their sup- 
port and votes for such anti-discrimination 
legislation; and 

be it finally resolved that the delegates of 
this 173rd Convention of the Episcopal Dio- 
cese of North Carolina further endorse this 
resolution by requesting that a copy of this 
resolution be submitted to the Governor and 
Lieutenant Governor of the State of North 
Carolina, the Speaker of the House of Repre- 
sentatives of the General Assembly, and the 
chairpersons and all members of House and 
Senate committees to which this proposed 
legislation might be assigned in the General 

The Rev. Henry Parsley, Chairperson 
Diocesan AIDS Committee 

Inclusive Language in 
Diocesan Communication 

Be It Resolved That guidelines for the use 
of inclusive language be developed for the 
Diocese of North Carolina by a Committee 
with representatives from the Commission on 
Women's Issues, Christian Social Ministries 
Commission, the Communications Commis- 
sion, and the Education and Training Com- 
mission, in order that such inclusive language 
might become the norm for all written and 
spoken communication, in all diocesan re- 
ports and publications, including The Commu- 
nicant, Please Note, and the Diocesan Journal, 
as of 1 January, 1990; 

and be it further resolved that these guide- 
lines be copied and distributed to all clergy 
and Christian Education contact persons with- 
in the diocese by 1 January, 1990, for use in 
preaching and teaching, as well as in daily 

and be it further resolved that the Standing 
Liturgical commission's educational packet on 
inclusive language be copied and distributed 
to every parish in the diocese with encour- 

agement to use these materials in adult edca- 
tion prior to 1 January, 1990. 

The Rev. William Brettmann, Chair 
Christian Social Ministries Commission 

On Human Sexuality 

Our General Convention, meeting last sum- 
mer in Detroit, took action to encourage dia- 
logue within the church on matters pertain- 
ing to homosexuality. In that spirit; 

be it resolved that this 173rd Convention of 
the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina en- 
courages all parishes and missions to partici- 
pate in open and non-judgmental discussion 
on human sexuality; using the resources of 
the Pastoral Concerns Committee on Homo- 

The Rev. William Coolidge, Chairman 

Pastoral Concerns Committee 

on Homosexuality 

On Celebrating and 
Strengthening Marriage 
and Family 

Whereas the present era is marked by many 
forces tending to weaken family bonds. 

be it resolved that the Diocese of North 
Carolina hereby instruct the Education and 
Training Commission and the Commission on 
Marriage to work together within the coming 
year to generate activities and events that 
will celebrate and strengthen the bonds of 
the Christian family, and to develop special 
educational events that enable individual 
parishes to support family life in ways that 
strengthen the marriage bonds and reduce the 
stresses that cause so many marriages to fail. 

The Rev. Fielder Israel, Chair 
The Commission on Marriage 

Freedom of Religion 

Whereas: Judges have ordered young people 
not to say a private grace over their school 
lunch, and 

whereas: Newspapers have adopted editorial 
policies that born-again Christians should not 
be police chiefs because they might let their 
beliefs influence their actions, and 

whereas: The entertainment media regularly 
attacks the most sacred beliefs of Christians, 

whereas: Federal money for college loans has 
been withheld from Christian colleges 
because of religious beliefs in conflict with 
government policy, and 

whereas: Church-sponsored hospitals have 
been ordered to perform abortions in viola- 
tion of their religious beliefs, 

whereas: Court rulings and legislative actions 
continue to expand the power of government 
to intrude into the private beliefs and actions 
of various parts of the Christian Church, and 

whereas: These actions violate the "Free Ex- 
ercise of Religion" as guaranteed by the First 
Amendment to the Constitution of the United 
States, and 

whereas: These actions show a clear effort 
by government and the media to restrict and 
bring into disrepute the religion of the Chris- 
tian Church, and 

whereas: Such actions have historically pre- 
ceded religious persecution in many lands, 

therefore be it resolved: That this 173rd 
Convention of the Episcopal Diocese of North 

Diocesan Convention 1989 


Carolina condemns the growing danger of 
religious interference against the Christian 
Church in the United States, and 

be ft further resolved: That a copy of this 
resolution be forwarded to the President of 
the United States, the Attorney General of 
the United States, the U.S. Senators from 
North Carolina, and the members of the U.S. 
House of Representatives from Congressional 
districts within the Diocese of North 
Carolina, and 

be TT further resolved: That this Conven- 
tion urges the parishes and missions of this 
Diocese to work with other parts of Christ's 
body, conservative and liberal, in activities 
seeking to resist the growing religious restric- 
tions of the propagation of the Christian Faith 
(and other faiths) by the adherents thereof by 
ungodly forces at work under a variety of 
pretexts in the United States. 

The Rev. Warwick Aiken 

On Work Among the Deaf 

Whereas: the work among the deaf has been 
an integral and vital part of the ministry of 
the Diocese of North Carolina for several 
generations including the Rev. James R. For- 
tune and his father, as well as more recently 
the Rev. J. Barry Kramer, and 

whereas: there is no person associated with 
this important ministry at this time, 

be it resolved: that this 173rd Convention 
express its concern that we do not have a 
priest or vocational deacon continuing this 

and be it further resolved: (1) that the 
Bishop of the Diocese of North Carolina pro- 
vide a clergyman and (2) that the Diocesan 
Council provide the funds to continue to sup- 
port our ministry among the deaf. 

The Rev. E. Dudley Colhoun Jr. 

Other Parts of 
the Body of Christ 

Whereas: The Church of Christ is a divinely 
ordained body of human beings, and 

whereas: Human Beings approach God in 
ways that can be seen as both liberal and 
conservative, and 

whereas: All Christians are brothers and 
sisters under God, and 

Bishop Keith A. McMillan of Belize (1930-19881. 

whereas: Remarks heard in sermons and 
class discussions in some Episcopal churches 
have demeaned fellow Christians of Bible- 
oriented persuasions, and 

whereas: Mutual respect and Christian love 
are enjoined by our Lord, St. Paul, St. John, 
and others upon all Christians in our treat- 
ment of each other, 

therefore be it resolved: That this 173rd 
Convention of the Episcopal Diocese of North 
Carolina discourages sermons and teachings 
that hold up to ridicule, or disparages any 
other part of the Family of God, whether that 
part be fundamentalist or liberal. 

The Rev. Walter D. Edwards Jr. 

Operation Rescue 

Whereas: God's people often suffer physical- 
ly for their response to His call, and 

whereas: The Church has historically sup- 
ported our suffering Brothers and Sisters in 
Christ, and 

whereas: Many people are responding to 
God's call for the protection of His unborn 
children and are suffering as a result of their 
response, and 

whereas: The protesters involved in the Op- 
eration Rescue demonstrations are part of that 

therefore be it resolved: That this 173rd 
Convention of the Episcopal Diocese of North 
Carolina prays for the protection of the 
physical well-being of Operation Rescue pro- 
testors as they seek to obey God's call to ac- 
tion, as they understand that call in the abor- 
tion debate. 

The Rev. Walter D. Edwards Jr. 

On Minimizing Use of Non- 
Biodegradable Materials 

Whereas we acknowledge our responsibility 
as stewards of God's creation, particularly 
this island planet we call our home, and 
deplore our personal, national and interna- 
tional failures, past and present, through ig- 
norance, carelessness, and greed, to be good 
stewards, and recognize that such failures 
have resulted, among other things, in pollu- 
tion of air and atmosphere that is threatening 
to human, animal, and plant health and life, 
and is depleting the ozone layer which shields 
the earth from harmful ultraviolet radiation, 
in the fouling of our waters, inland and oce- 
anic, with toxic refuse that destroys marine 
life, and of our ground water supply with run- 
off from harmful chemicals in pesticides and 
fertilizers, endangering the safety of our 
drinking water, in the loss of arable land and 
wildlife habitat by irresponsible agricultural, 
forestry, and development practices and ill 
advised waste management; and 

whereas we recognize that these problems 
are global in proportion and will require in- 
ternational political and industrial coopera- 
tion over a long time span to correct and that 
some of them may be irreversible, we also 
recognize that there are some steps that we 
locally can, and as Christians ought to, take 
immediately, including minimizing the use of 
chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs— the chemical 
believed to be responsible for depleting the 
ozone layer, which is used in the plastic foam 
commonly known as styrofoam) and of other 
non-biodegradable materials, and participat- 
ing in and supporting programs for recycling 
paper, glass, and aluminum; 

therefore be it resolved: that this 173rd 
Convention of the Episcopal Diocese of North 
Carolina urge all Episcopal churches and in- 
stitutions in this Diocese to minimize, and 
work toward discontinuing, the use of cups, 

plates, containers, and other items made with 
CFCs at any church or institutional functions, 
and when disposable items are desired, to 
use those made with biodegradable materials; 
and be it further 

resolved that this Convention urge all Episco- 
pal churches and institutions in this Diocese 
to become involved in programs for recycling 
paper, glass, and aluminum. 

Jane House 
St. Paul's, Louisburg 

On Birth Control 
and Sex Education 

Whereas: The rapid rise of teenage pregnan- 
cies, pregnancies to unwed mothers, unplan- 
ned pregnancies, and poverty are intertwined 

whereas: The problem of feeding the hungry 
of the world is directly related to the ever in- 
creasing population; 

therefore be it resolved: That this 173rd an- 
nual convention support private, governmen- 
tal and World Health organizations in efforts 
to make birth control measures and sex 
education available wherever needed, without 
disabling restrictions in relation to abortions 
or abortion counseling. 

The Hon. Franklin M. Montgomery 
St. Luke's, Salisbury 

On Establishing 
the N.C. Association 
of Episcopal Schools 

Whereas the 65th General Convention of the 
Episcopal Church approved the following 

"That every Diocese having five or more Epis- 
copal Church-related schools within its borders 
and presently lacking such Canon, shall adopt 
appropriate Canon(s) to identify the schools and 
to establish their relationship with the diocese. " 

whereas the Diocese of North Carolina does 
have more than five Episcopal Church related 
schools within its boundaries, 

whereas the Diocese of North Carolina does 
not have an official and Canonical procedure 
for implementing and nurturing the relation- 
ship between Church and School, 

whereas six administrators of Episcopal 
Schools from throughout the diocese have 
been meeting to establish an association to 
build and nurture a relationship between the 
schools, therefore be it 

resolved that the Diocese of North Carolina 
establish an institution to fulfill the require- 
ment of the 65th General Convention, and 
further be it 

resolved that this institution be called the 
North Carolina Association of Episcopal 
Schools in the Diocese of North Carolina. 

The Rev. Samuel Walker 

On the Decade 
for Evangelism 

Whereas, the 1988 General Convention desig- 
nated the 1990s "A Decade of Evangelism, 
during which we will endeavor, with other 
Christian denominations, to reach every un- 
churched person in the nine Provinces of the 
Episcopal Church with the Gospel of Jesus 
Christ" and 

whereas, said resolution included the follow- 
ing plan of apostolic action: 

1. To alert all Episcopalians that every 
member of the Church is called by virtue of 

Holy Baptism to share his or her faith in 
Jesus Christ; 

2. To call each congregation to be a center 
for the extension of the Gospel; 

3. To incorporate evangelism into the of- 
ficial and ongoing structure of every diocese 
and congregation; 

4. To pray for renewal in all parishes in or- 
der that they may be spiritually empowered; 

5. To express the Good News not only in 
word by also by loving acts, service and jus- 
tice for the community in which each congre- 
gation finds itself. 

now therefore be it resolved, that the 173rd 
Annual Convention of the Episcopal Diocese 
of North Carolina accepts the apostolic action 
plan approved by General Convention; 

be it further resolved that all congregations 
in this Diocese are especially encouraged dur- 
ing 1988 to pray and reflect specifically on 
how they are called to spread the Good 
News, and to prepare a specific plan of action 
for the 1990s. 

Kenneth Kroohs, Chairman 
Evangelism and Renewal Commission 


Whereas: History shows proven steps in 
protecting society against infectious disease 
to be 1. identification of the disease carrier, 2. 
treatment of the diseased, 3. quarantine of 
those likely to spread the disease, and 4. iden- 
tification and treatment of those exposed to 
the disease, and 

whereas: It is the responsibility of govern- 
ment to protect its citizens against infectious 
disease when the means exists to do so, and 

whereas: AIDS is an infectious disease 
spread by shared needles of drug abusers, by 
sexual activity, and by transfusions of HIV 
contaminated blood, and 

whereas: There are many innocent victims 
because of contaminated blood supply or 
secret sexual activity, and 

whereas: The means exists to prevent people 
from unknowingly being exposed to AIDS, 

whereas: Doctors are prohibited from using 
these means because of laws governed more 
by political than by public health considera- 
tions, and 

whereas: These laws put the public health at 
great risk, 

therefore be it resolved: That this 173rd 
convention of the Episcopal Diocese of North 
Carolina urges the removal of legal restric- 
tions on AIDS testing and identification, and 

be it further resolved: That the public 
health service be required, by law duly enact- 
ed, to question AIDS victims about their sex- 
ual partners and then contact those partners 
for diagnostic testing, just as in cases of 
syphilis, and 

be it further resolved: That a copy of this 
resolution be forwarded to each of our elected 
representatives on the State and Federal level. 

The Rev. Fielder Israel 

On An Alternative- 
to-Abortion Ministry 

Whereas: The General Convention of the 
Episcopal Church has declared all human life 
to be sacred, and 

whereas: The General Convention of the 
Episcopal Church has directed the members 
of this church, when a problem pregnancy is 


The Communicant 

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being faced, "to explore, with grave serious- 
ness, with the person or persons seeking ad- 
vice and counsel, as alternatives to abortion, 
other positive courses of action. . .", and 

whereas: Any reduction in the numbers of 

ior in those early years the chances he/she 
ever will are greatly reduced, and 

whereas: In recognition of these facts many 
churches provide Day Care programs for the 
care and faith-instruction of the young souls 

At University of the South at Sewanee: (from left) Suffragan Bishop Frank H. Vest Jr., Vice Chancellor 
Samuel R. Williamson; former presiding bishop, John M. Allin. 

abortions will result in more live babies being 
born, and 

whereas: With a reduction in the numbers of 
abortions many of those children being born 
will come into situations of hardship requir- 
ing love, care, and help for the families in- 

therefore be it resolved: That this 173rd 
Convention of the Diocese of North Carolina 
directs its Bishop to form a commission for 
the purpose of carrying out alternative-to- 
abortion solutions to problem pregnancies, 

be it further resolved: That this commis- 
sion be staffed with equal numbers of lay 
persons and clergy from all parts of the Dio- 
cese, and 

be it further resolved: That the Diocese of 
North Carolina provide first year financial 
support of $10,000.00 for the use of the com- 
mission in locating or creating and then im- 
plementing the alternative-to-abortion minis- 
try, to women and families facing problem 
pregnancies, and 

be it further resolved: That the Episcopal 
Church of North Carolina understands this 
ministry is to include single parent families 
with young children facing painful problems 
as a result of choosing to give birth to an 
unplanned baby, and 

be it further resolved: That this Christian 
care is to go beyond the act of birth to in- 
clude loving ministry to the new child and to 
the family until the period of stress is passed 
and the family is once more stable in the love 
of God. 

The Rev. Fielder Israel 

On Child Care 

Whereas: Changes in the American family 
have resulted in many children being left in 
Day Care situations, and 

whereas: the early years are the most impor- 
tant in the teaching of faith, and 

whereas: Many studies show that for a per- 
son who does not accept Jesus as his/her Sav- 

in their care, and 

whereas: Due to societal changes and politi- 
cal pressure for Day Care, several proposals 
exist for Federal Government support of Day 
Care services, and 

whereas: Recent court rulings have taken a 
very strict stance concerning separation of 
Church and State, and 

whereas: These rulings would prohibit any 
Day Care facility receiving Federal funds in 
any form from teaching religion to those in 
their care, and 

whereas: These rulings could even require 
the covering of religious symbols in church- 
run Day Care centers, and 

whereas: These actions would greatly inter- 
fere with the transmission of our faith from 
one generation to the next, 

therefore be it resolved: That this 173rd 
Convention of the Episcopal Diocese of North 
Carolina views with alarm any restriction of 
religious teaching in Church-sponsored Day 
Care operations, and 

be it further resolved: That this Conven- 
tion urges the defeat of Day Care legislation 
that would lead to state inteference in the 
Church's divinely ordained mandate to teach 
the faith to the young souls in their care, and 

be it further resolved: That a copy of this 
resolution be sent to each State and Federal 
legislator representing areas within this 

The Rev. Fielder Israel 


Conference Center 
Board of Directors 

Lay Order - 3 to be elected 

James O. Arthur. Parish or mission: St. 
Stephen's, Oxford. Occupation: Lawyer (re- 
tired). How long confirmed: 3 years. Congre- 

gational or diocesan offices, current or past: 
junior warden, current; board of visitors, Con- 
ference Center, current. Nominator: The Rev. 
Harrison T. Simons and Diocesan Council. 

William Bryant. Parish or mission: Emman- 
uel, Southern Pines. Occupation: Food Service. 
How long confirmed: 20 years. Nominator: 
Diocesan Council. 

Austin H. Carr. Parish or mission: St. Paul's, 
Winston-Salem. Occupation: Advertising. 
How long confirmed: 20 years. Nominator: 
Diocesan Council. 

Clerical Order - 3 to be elected 

The Rev. Julie Clarkson. Position: Vicar, St. 
Christopher's, High Point. . Number of years 
since ordination: 1. Number of years in Dio- 
cese: 1. Nominator: Diocesan Council. 

The Rev. Dudley Colhoun. Position: Rector, 
St. Paul's, Winston-Salem. Number of years 
since ordination: 35. Number of years in Dio- 
cese: 27. Parish or Diocesan offices, current 
or past: Standing Committee 1968-71, Dio- 
cesan Council 1986-89, Deputy for General 
Convention 1976, 1982, 1988. Nominator: 
Diocesan Council. 

The Rev. Robert Haden. Position: Rector, 
St. John's, Charlotte. Number of years since 
ordination: 23. Number of years in Diocese: 
15. Nominator: Diocesan Council. 

The Rev. Keith Mathews. Position: Rector, 
Trinity, Scotland Neck. Number of years 
since ordination: 13. Number of years in the 
diocese: 6 months. Diocesan offices, current 
or past: West Virginia: dean of Ohio Valley 
Convocation, vice chancellor, Diocesan Coun- 
cil; Central New York: stewardship commis- 
sion (also consultant); servant community/ 
spiritual director for Cursillo. Nominator: 
William Appleton. 

The Rev. David Sweeney. Position: Rector, 
Vicar, Messiah, Rockingham; All Saints', 
Hamlet. Number of years since ordination: 4. 
Number of years in Diocese: 4. Nominator: 
Diocesan Council. 

Clerical Order - 1 to be elected 
One-year Term 

The Rev. Lawrence Brown. Position: Rec- 
tor, St. Michael's, Raleigh. Number of years 
since ordination: 21. Number of years in 
Diocese: 11. Nominator: Diocesan Council. 

University of the South 

Clerical Order - 1 to be elected 

The Rev. Paul D. Martin. Position: Assis- 
tant Rector, St. John's, Charlotte. Number of 
years since ordination: 13. Number of years 
in the diocese: 8Vi. Diocesan offices, current 
or past: Diocesan Youth Commission, Dioce- 
san Evangelism and Renewal Commission. 
Nominator: Robert R. McGee. 

The Rev. Dwight E. Ogier Jr. Position: As- 
sociate Rector, St. Michael's, Raleigh. Num- 
ber of years since ordination: 16. Number of 
years in the diocese: 1. Diocesan offices, cur- 
rent or past: trustee, University of the South 
(Diocese of Central Florida); trustee, Bishop 
Gray Inn for Older People (Central Florida); 
co-chair, Program Commission (Diocese of 
Florida); Youth Commission (Florida); co-chair, 
Stewardship (Central Florida); Christian Edu- 
cation Commission (Florida); spiritual direc- 
tor, Cursillo secretariate (Florida); board of 
directors, Kairos (Central Florida and Diocese 
of Central Gulf Coast); Florida Council of 
Churches (diocesan representative, Florida and 
Central Florida). Nominator: Dwight E. Davis. 

The Rev. Ernest R. Parker. Position: Vicar, 
St. Mark's, Roxboro, and St. Luke's, Yancey- 

ville. Number of years since ordination: 5. 
Number of years in Diocese: 6. Parish or Dio- 
cesan offices, current or past: Commission on 
Stewardship (1984-89); Commission on Small 
Churches (1988-present). Nominator: The Rev. 
Anne E. Hodges-Copple. 

Diocesan Council 

Lay Order - 3 to be elected 

Joseph S. Ferrell. Parish or mission: Chapel 
of the Cross, Chapel Hill. Occupation: pro- 
fessor, Institute of Government. How long 
confirmed: 31 years. Parish or diocesan of- 
fices, current or past: Parish: treasurer (1979- 
84), senior warden (1985-86), convention dele- 
gate (1980, 1982-present); Diocesan: Diocesan 
Council (1985-87), chair, Committee on Admin- 
istration of the Diocese (1988 convention), 
Committee on Funding Diocesan Budgets 
(1988-present), chair, Department of Budgets 
(1987). Nominator: Mary Arthur Stoudemire. 

Cheston V. Mottershead. Parish or mission: 
Church of the Good Shepherd, Rocky Mount. 
Occupation: Rehabilitation Professional 
(President of TriCounty Industry). How long 
confirmed: 40 years. Parish or diocesan of- 
fices, current or past: Parish: Vestry member 
(finance committee-chairman), choir member, 
layreader, S.S. Teacher, Christian Education 
committee, Advisory board Good Shepherd 
Child Care, Advisory Board Good Shepherd 
Soup Kitchen-Shelter; Diocesan: Chairman of 
Christian Social Ministries, delegate to Dioce- 
san Convention. Nominator: The Rev. Charles 
I. Penick. 

Lawrence A. Tomlinson. Parish or mission: 
Christ Church, Charlotte. Occupation: Gener- 
al Insurance. How long confirmed: 50 years. 
Parish or diocesan offices, current or past: 
Vice chairman, board of directors, the Confer- 
ence Center; senior warden, Christ Church, 
Charlotte. Nominator: J. Emmett Sebrell. 

Clerical Order - 2 to be elected 

The Rev. Tom Feamster. Position: Rector, 
St. Paul's, and Vicar, St. Matthias, Louisburg. 
Number of years since ordination: I6V2. Num- 
ber of years in Diocese: 3'/2. Nominator: Mar- 
tha N. Keravuori. 

The Rev. Paul Dexter Martin. Position: As- 
sistant to Rector, St. John's Church, Charlotte. 
Number of years since ordination: 12 V2. Num- 
ber of years in diocese: 8V2. Parish or dioce- 
san offices, current or past: Member of Evan- 
gelism and Renewal Commission, Youth Com- 
mission, Happening Board, Trustee for the 
University of the South. Nominator: Jane 
Ruffin House. 

The Rev. Robert K. Pierce Position: Rector, 
St. Paul's, Smithfield. Number of years since 
ordination: 20. Number of years in diocese: 
4. Parish or diocesan offices, current or past: 
State of the Church Commission (1986), Stew- 
ardship Commission (1987). Nominator: 
George Howard. 

The Rev. Douglas E. Remer. Position: Rec- 
tor, Calvary Parish, Tarboro. Number of 
years since ordination: 14. Number of years 
in diocese: 11 V2. Parish or diocesan offices, 
current or past: President, North Carolina 
Episcopal Clergy Association; Commission of 
Ministry, Commission on Stewardship, Com- 
mission on Ecumenical Relations (Associate 
Ecumenical Officer), Commission of the State 
of the Church, Commission on Evangelism 
and Renewal, Trustee, Francis J. Murdoch 
Memoral Society. Nominator: The Rev. Downs 
C. Spitler Jr. 

The Rev. Fred L. Thompson. Position: As- 
sistant to Rector, Emmanuel, Southern Pines. 
Number of years since ordination: AVi. Num- 
ber of years in diocese: 55. Parish or Diocesan 
offices, current or past: Murdoch Memorial 
Society, Parish Grant Commission. Nomina- 
tor: The Rev. Samuel Walker. 

Diocesan Convention 1989 


The Rev. David R. Williams. Position: Rec- 
tor, Holy Comforter, Burlington. Number of 
years since ordination: 16. Number of years in 
diocese: 4. Diocesan offices, current or past: 
Diocesan Council, West Virginia (1973-74); 
coordinator, first Christian Education confer- 
ence, Virginia (1978); Diocesan Communica- 
tions Commission, Virginia (1982); executive 
board, North Carolina Clergy Association 
(1987-88). Nominator: Harriet H. Whitley. 

Penick Home 
Board of Directors 

10 to be elected 

A.D. (Dave) Bruce. Parish or mission: Trini- 
ty, Scotland Neck. Occupation: Travel writer 
and consultant. How long confirmed: 56 
years. Congregational or diocesan offices, 
current or past: acolyte (1930-33); lay reader 
(1942-present); Sunday School Teacher; lay 
reader and licensed chalice bearer, Emmanuel, 
Southern Pines (1970-71); conducted weekly 
church services at Penick Home (1970-71); at 
St. John the Divine, Houston: vestry member 
(1972-75); conducted church services for men- 
tally retarded children (1980-81); active in Boy 
Scouting through church for 37 years; mem- 
ber, National Public Relations Committee; 
senior usher captain (1979-81); arranged and 
led four pilgrimages to the Holy Land; writer, 
Texas Churchman; licensed lay reader, Mexico 
(1966-68); at Trinity, Scotland Neck: lay read- 
er and chalice bearer (1981-present); member, 
worship committee (1984); member, search 
committee (1986); donated collection of cross- 
es from around the world to Trinity Church 
to help demonstrate the universality of Chris- 
tianity; member, board of visitors, Conference 
Center (1987-89). Nominator: Linnell B. Josey. 

E. E. Carter. Parish or mission: Christ 
Church, Raleigh. Occupation: Corporation 
Officer. How long confirmed: 35 years. Parish 
or diocesan offices, current or past: Vestry- 
man, Senior Warden, Commission on Religious 
Education, Commission Every Member Can- 
vas, Capital Funds Drive, Board of Directors- 
Episcopal Home for the Ageing. Nominator: 
Edward W. Conklin. 

William P. Davis. Parish or mission: Emman- 
uel, Southern Pines. Occupation: Building 
Contractor. How long confirmed: 24 years. 
Parish or diocesan offices, current or past: 
Vestryman, Emmanuel; Chairman, Expansion 
Committee, Episcopal Home for the Ageing; 
Board of Directors, Episcopal Home for the 
Ageing. Nominator: Edward W. Conklin. 

Bette Hanham. Parish or Mission: St. Mary 
Magdalene, Troy. Occupation: Receptionist. 
How long confirmed: 42 years. Congrega- 
tional or diocesan offices, current or past: 
president, ECW, senior warden, lay delegate, 
lay chair, ACTS campaign, lay reader, altar 
guild. Nominator: S. Grayson Clary. 

Mrs. Peter L. Katavolos. Parish or mission: 
Emmanuel, Southern Pines. Occupation: Re- 
tail Clothing. How long confirmed: 62 years. 
Parish or diocesan offices, current or past: 
Vice President, Women of Church; President, 
Board of Directors, Episcopal Home of the Age- 
ing; Past President Auxiliary, Moore Memori- 
al Hospital. Nominator: Edward W. Conklin. 

W. Kirby Kilpatrick. Parish or mission: Em- 
manuel, Southern Pines. Occupation: Physi- 
cian. How long confirmed: 8 years. Parish or 
diocesan offices, current or past: Vestry; 
Chairman, Youth Commission; board mem- 
ber, Episcopal Home for the Ageing. Nomina- 
tor: Edward W. Conklin. 

Mrs. M. Eugene Motsinger Jr. Parish or 
mission: Galloway Memorial. Occupation: 
Wife and Mother. How long confirmed: 53 
years. Parish or diocesan offices, current or 
past: Board of Directors, Episcopal Home for 
the Ageing; past president, Episcopal Church- 
women; Diocesan Council; Delegate to Tri- 
Annual meeting, Episcopal Churchwomen; 

Former member, Department of Mission. 
Nominator: Edward W. Conklin. 

The Rev. Dwight E. Ogier Jr. Position: As- 
sociate Rector, St. Michael's, Raleigh. Num- 
ber of years since ordination: 16. Number of 
years in the diocese: 1. Diocesan offices, cur- 
rent or past: trustee, University of the South 
(Diocese of Central Florida); trustee, Bishop 
Gray Inn for Older People (Central Florida); 
co-chair, Program Commission (Diocese of 
Florida); Youth Commission (Florida); co-chair, 
Stewardship (Central Florida); Christian Edu- 
cation Commission (Florida); spiritual direc- 
tor, Cursillo secretariate (Florida); board of 
directors, Kairos (Central Florida and Diocese 
of Central Gulf Coast); Florida Council of 
Churches (diocesan representative, Florida 
and Central Florida). Nominator: Starke S. 
Dillard Jr. 

Francis I. Parker. Parish or mission: Christ 
Church. Occupation: Lawyer. How long con- 
firmed: 52 years. Parish or diocesan offices, 
current or past: Vestry; former Secretary of 
Vestry; Directors of Acolytes; Executive Com- 
mittee (past) Thompson Children's Home; 
Board of Directors, Episcopal Home for the 
Ageing. Nominator: Edward W. Conklin. 

Charles W. Pickney. Parish or mission: 
Church of the Redeemer, Greensboro. Oc- 
cupation: Adminstrative Education. How long 
confirmed: 38 years. Parish or Diocesan of- 
fices, current or past: Former Treasurer of 
Parish; Vestryman; Delegate to Diocesan Con- 
vention; Diocesan Convention Committee- 
Resolution and Balloting; Board of Directors- 
Episcopal Home for the Ageing. Nominator: 
Edward W. Conklin. 

Marian Lambeth Safriet. Parish or mission: 
St. Thomas', Reidsville. Occupation: Director 
of auditing and director of volunteer services, 
Annie Penn Hospital. How long confirmed: 
32 years. Parish or diocesan offices, current 
or past: Parish: present treasurer, present del- 
egate to Diocesan Convention, past senior 
warden, past president of Episcopal Church- 
women; Diocese: past chair, ECW Greensboro 
Convocation, present assistant treasurer, Dio- 
cesan ECW, incoming treasurer, Diocesan 
ECW. Nominator: W. Verdery Kerr. 

Robert Lee Sessum. Position: Rector, All 
Saints', Concord. Number of years since or- 
dination: 17. Number of years in Diocese: 14. 
Parish or diocesan offices, current or past: 
Dean, Charlotte Convocation; Spiritual Ad- 
visor, Cursillo; Delegate, General Convention, 
1985, 1988; Conference Center Board; Chair- 
man, Communications Commission; Presi- 
dent, Standing Committee; Board member, 
Episcopal Home for the Ageing. Nominator: 
Edward W. Conklin. 

Richard E. Thigpen Jr. Parish or mission: 
Christ Church, Charlotte. Occupation: At- 
torney. How long confirmed: 20 years. Parish 
or diocesan offices, current or past: Vestry; 
Coordinator of Lay Readers; Chairman, Every 
Member Canvas; Delegate to Diocesan Con- 
vention; Board member, Episcopal Home for 
the Ageing. NominatonEdward W. Conklin. 

Paul Wright Jr. Parish or mission: St. 
Stephen's, Durham. Occupation: Retired 
Banker. How long confirmed: 51 years. Parish 
or diocesan offices, current or past: Senior 
Warden; Chairman, St. Stephen's Foundation; 
Board member, Episcopal Home for the Age- 
ing. Nominator: Edward W. Conklin. 

Standing Committee 

Lay Order - 1 to be elected 

Bob Emmaus. Parish or mission: Holy 
Spirit, Greensboro. Occupation: Administra- 
tion, nursing home and long-term-care ser- 
vices. How long confirmed: 6 years. Congre- 
gational or diocesan offices, current or past: 
vestry member (198-88), clerk of vestry (1987- 
| 88), delegate to Diocesan Convention (1987- 

89), junior warden (1988). Nominator: The 
Rev. Hall Partrick. 

June G. Gregory Parish or mission: Holy 
Trinity, Greensboro. How long confirmed: 37 
years. Parish or diocesan offices, current or 
past: Diocesan: ECW President, Women's 
Issues Commission, State of the Church Com- 
mission, ACTS Campaign Executive Commis- 
sion, NC 2000 Task Force, Christian Social 
Ministries Commission, Conference Center 
Board, Thompson Children's Board, Triennial 
Delegate. Province: ECW Advisory Board. 
National: ECW Board, Province IV Represen- 
tative, Women's Social Witness Board. Local: 
Vestry (2 terms), Convention Delegate (6 
years). Nominator: The Rev. John T. Broome. 

Alfred L. Purrington III. Parish or mission: 
Christ Church, Raleigh. Occupation: Attor- 
ney. How long confirmed: "Since around 12 
years old." Congregational or diocesan offi- 
ces, current or past: Diocesan Council (1978- 
80); Standing Committee (1981-83, 1985-87); 
vestry (1973-75, 1979-81, 1986-88), senior 
warden (1981, 1988); chair, ACTS campaign 
(1987-88), chair, Gun Control Study Commit- 
tee (1976); board of directors, Conference 
Center (1981-84); committee to nominate 
bishop coadjutor (1979); delegate to Diocesan 
Convention (1977, 1980-83, 1987-89). Nomina- 
tor: The Rev. B. Daniel Sapp. 

Clerical Order - 2 to be elected 

The Rev. Robert S. Dannals. Position: Rec- 
tor, Trinity Church, Statesville. Number of 
years since ordination: 8. Number of years in 
the diocese: 8. Diocesan offices, current or 
past: Urban Task Force (1981-83); NC 2000 
Commission (1984-86); Diocesan clergy repre- 
sentative, board of governors, Appalachian 
People's Service Organization (APSO) (1985- 
present); Hunger Task Force (1986-present). 
Nominator: The Rev. I. Mayo Little. 

The Rev. Stephen J. Elkins-William. Posi- 
tion: Rector, Chapel of the Cross, Chapel 
Hill. Number of years since ordination: 14. 
Number of years in the diocese: 6. Diocesan 
offices, current or past: Commission on Min- 
istry (1988-present); Commission on Liturgy 
and Worship (1984-present); Conference Cen- 
ter Board (1985-88); chairman, AIDS Commit- 
tee (1985-87). Nominator: The Rev. W. Verdery 

The Rev. G. Kenneth G. Henry. Position: 
Rector, Holy Comforter, Charlotte. Number 
of years since ordination: 17. Number of 
years in the diocese: 13. Diocesan offices, 
current or past: Liturgical Commission (1976- 
79); trustee, University of the South (1978- 
80); Diocesan Council (1980-82); Commission 
on Ministry (1980-83); executive committee, 
Episcopal Child Care Service (1981-83); board 
of directors, Conference Center (1985-87), 
chair, executive committee (1987); Standing 
Committee (1983-85), president (1985); deputy, 
General Convention (1985), alternate (1988). 
Nominator: Scott T. Evans. 

The Rev. Robert C.Johnson Jr. Position: 
Rector, St. Luke's, Durham. Number of years 
since ordination: 24. Number of years in the 
diocese: 24. Diocesan offices, current or past: 
Ecumenical Officer, Conference Center, 
Board, Communications Commission, Con- 
vocation Dean, Mission and Outreach, Stan- 
ding Committee, Commission on Ministry, 
State of the Church Committee. Nominator: 
The Rev. Earl H. Brill. 

The Rev. Samuel Walker. Position: Rector, 
Emmanuel Parish, Southern Pines. Number 
of years since ordination: 20. Number of 
years in Diocese: 5. Parish or diocesan offi- 
ces, current or past: dean, Sandhills Convoca- 
tion; Diocesan Council Dept. of Mission and 
Outreach; Commission on Ministry; Con- 
ference Center Board (1985-87); Suffragan 
Bishop Nomination Committee; Director of 
Educational Ministries Diocese of Long Island; 
Director of Episcopal Social Services Diocese 
of Connecticut. Nominator: William O. Bryant. 


Thursday, January 26 
2:00 pm - 9:00 pm 

Registration of delegates, visitors and 
exhibitors - Convention Center lobby. 

7:00 pm - 9:00 pm 

Exhibits and Bookstore open - Meeting rooms 
E, F, G, and H. 

7:00 pm 

Opening Business Session - Imperial 

9:00 pm - 9:30 pm 

Meet the Diocesan Candidates reception - 
Ballroom Arcade. 

9:30 pm 

Hearings - 4 breakouts - Cedar A, Oak A, 
Maple B, Cedar B and C. 

Friday, January 27 
6:00 am - 8:00 am 

Coffee and danish available in The Connec- 
tion on 1st floor. 

8:00 am - 8:45 am 

Coffee, decaf, tea and soft drink service - 
Ballroom arcade. 

8:00 am - 5:00 pm 

Registration of delegates, visitors and 
exhibitors - Convention Center lobby. 

8:30 am - 11:30 am 

Morning Business Session - Imperial 

8:30 am - 9:00 pm 

Exhibits and bookstore open - Meeting Rooms 
E, F, G and H. 

11:30 am - 12:45 pm 

2nd annual Hunger Luncheon, Asbury 
Methodist Church, 2227 Pinecroft Road, 

1:00 pm - 4:30 pm 

Afternoon Business Session 


2:00 pm - 2:45 pm 

Coffee, decaf and soft drink service -Ballroom 

3:30 pm - 4:30 pm 

Clergy Spouse Reception - Saint Mary's 
House, 930 Walker Avenue, Greensboro. 

7:00 pm 

Banquet - Imperial Ballroom. 

Saturday, January 28 
6:00 am - 8:00 am 

Coffee and danish available in The Connec- 
tion on 1st floor. 

8:00 am - 8:45 am 

Coffee, tea, decaf and soft drink service - 
Ballroom Arcade. 

8:30 am - 11:00 am 

Morning Business Session - Imperial 

8:30 am - 11:30 am 

Exhibits and Bookstore open - Meeting rooms 
E, F, G and H. 

11:30 am 

Vesting - Oak A. 

12:00 noon 

Holy Eucharist - Imperial Ballroom. 

Office - Pecan Room, 2nd floor. 
Prayer Room - Auditorium, 1st floor. 
First Aid and Tally - Mapel A, 2nd floor. 

The Communicant 

the Roman Catholic church in its latest 
pronouncements of our times. . . 

Valerie L. Bateman 
Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill 

Committee supporters: 
Stand and be counted 

The totally biassed tone of the No- 
vember/December Communicant leads 
me to put forth a still, small voice to 
agree completely with the decision of 
the Standing Committee on the election 
of Barbara Harris. I suspect that there 
are other N.C. Episcopalians who echo 
my feelings. 

I think that the Standing Committee 
arrived at their decision after much 
soul searching and prayer, for the fact 
of Ms. Harris' sex, race and marital 
status was blown so out of proportion 
as to make their deliberations extreme- 
ly difficult. 

I count myself as one of the many 
Episcopalians who would love to see a 
woman become bishop, and would put 
forward our Nancy Pagano as an idea 
candidate in every respect. Any candi- 
date for ecclesiastical orders should be, 
like Caesar's wife, "above suspicion." 

Standing Committee members have 
been subjected to unwarranted abuse 
and criticism, and it is time for those 
of us who appreciate and agree with 
their very difficult and wise decision 
to stand up and be counted. 

Catherine Stribling 
Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill 

Last issue was troublesome 

Lately, it has been difficult for me to 
express my faith as an Episcopalian. 
The [November-December] copy of 
The Communicant did not make it any 

After reading about the situation 
with the Rev. Barbara Harris, I am 
glad that being an Episcopalian is some- 
thing I can choose to keep to myself. 
Not since North Carolina revealed it- 
self to the contemporary world with 
the Hunt vs. Helms contest have I 
been so embarrassed to call North Caro- 
lina home. I will admit that my infor- 
mation about this issue is limited to 
what I read in one issue of The Com- 
municant, a fine issue I must say that 
presented both sides of a very difficult 
issue. However, although I have read 
only one account, I am affected by -the 
truth that every minority knows and 
that is that when the powers that be 
(usually white and/or male) want to 
deny us something that is rightfully 
ours, they throw up a smoke screen to 
rationalize, perhaps even to themselves, 
that the real reason for the denial has 
nothing to do with race or gender. For- 
tunately, not many of us continue to be 
taken in by those explanations. These 

powers usually require also that we 
have credentials better than anyone 
else— impeccable, shall we say. My 
next statement is not intended to com- 
pare the Rev. Harris to Jesus, however, 
I must express that reading the articles 
in The Communicant reminded me that 
He did not earn an academic or theo- 
logical degree. It is fortunate that the 
recent Nobel committee did not con- 
sist of any members of our Standing 
Committee, or Gertrude Elion, of 
whom North Carolina and America 
are so proud, may have been denied 
her rightful honor, since she too has 
honorary degrees. 

What is most sad to me is that the 
conservative and traditional roots 
which flow so deeply in North Caro- 
lina can spring forth deadly vines that 
choke off progress and enlightenment 
in other parts of the country. I am sad, 
but not surprised, however. It was these 
same types of vines which killed pro- 
gress and enlightenment in the entire 
country when it rejected the Equal 
Rights Amendment. 

In my disappointment I am com- 
forted by the fact that even in the Epis- 
copal Church, God is in charge and in 
His time, not ours, His will be done. 

In light of the events surrounding 
Barbara Harris, my original reason for 
writing seems insignificant, but it is 
not. It has to do with the article on 

As a student of journalism, I ap- 
preciate the angle used in this article 
and I support the premise expressed. 
However, as a supporter of animal 
rights I strongly object to the direct 
and undeserved abuse recommended 
for an innocent animal. Don't like the 
message, so kill the messenger? I am 
disappointed that such violence would 
be expressed in a Christian periodical. 

If we are ever to have a society 
where drugs are not needed or used, it 
will be a society where one part does 
not prey on another. One part will not 
want to make another part weak with 
drugs, violence, hunger, poverty, or in- 
justice. It will be a society where there 
is reverence for life— all life, not just 
those lives which we value because 
we believe them to be like our own. 

Pamela E. Anderson 
St. Titus', Durham 

Cancel me: too much 
"pink-foamed drivel" 

Please remove my former name (Sally 
F. Bruner) from your roster and do 
NOT continue to send me The Com- 
municant at any address. 

Your publication contains far too 
much pink-foamed drivel and would 
propel me into another denomination 
were I not now in as traditional a 
parish as The Church will allow. 

When is the Anglican Communion 
going to (again) realize that we need to 

be reminded of our duties and obliga- 
tions to God Almighty— and not to be 
browbeaten into apologizing to others 
because he's-a-she, or she's-a-black! 

If we can learn to live by the Deca- 
logue and the Golden Rule, we shall 
have achieved some mastery over self, 
greed, and prejudice. 

Get back to the traditions and forms 
which drew such various people into 
the church in the first place, or we 
shall finally, and totally, lose it all. 

Sally F. Smith 
All Saints', Charlotte 

Questions bishop's vote 

I do not understand how Bishop 
Robert Estill can say he intends to cast 
his vote for the Rev. Barbara Harris in 
the polling of diocesan bishops when 
the Episcopal Diocese of North Caro- 
lina will not consider anyone for ordi- 
nation to the priesthood unless they 
have a four year college degree. 

Theodore H. Shonts Jr. 
Christ CHurch, Charlotte 

Editor's Note: Please see Bishop Estill's 
letter on page 7. 

You covered issue well 

I wanted to say that I thought your 
coverage of the Standing Committee- 
Barbara Harris matter was above even 
your high standards. The long lead ar- 
ticle was objective, informative— just 

I thank you for recognizing my input 
even though for careless readers, John 
Campbell's statement was assumed to 
be mine. I hope neither of us will be 

Mittie Landi 
Holy Comforter, Burlington 

The writer is president of the Episcopal 
Churchwomen of the Diocese. 

Distressed by entire 
content of last issue 

I have been distressed for the past 
several weeks over the entire content 
of the November-December Communi- 
cant. In my opinion, the cover is a slap 
in the face to women, blacks, the Stand- 
ing Committee and more especially to 
the Diocese of North Carolina. 

Letter after letter seeks to criticize 
the actions of the Standing Committee 
for taking what I feel sure for them 
must have been a very painful action. 
It appears that the letter writers paid 
no attention to the very open and 
deliberate letters from various of the 
Standing Committee members explain- 
ing their process in considering the 

consent to the consecration of the Rev- 
erend Barbara Harris to be Suffragan 
Bishop of Massaschusetts. 

We, all of us, certainly have the 
God-given right to disagree with the 
opinions of others, and even the ac- 
tions of those we have elected to govern 
us. But "Where is the Love?" I have 
searched without success for those let- 
ters which have said in effect, "Come, 
let us reason together." 

As an example of the divisiveness I 
find in this issue, I refer you to the 
front page article entitled, "By water 
and the Holy Spirit." Anyone reading 
the first three paragraphs of the article 
cannot be expected to draw any con- 
clusion other than that the author be- 
lieves Episcopalians are either "pray- 
ers" or "do-ers," and that there is no 
in-between or meeting of the two. These 
paragraphs are not in parenthesis to 
indicate that they are merely quoting 
someone's opinion. Therefore, I can on- 
ly assume that someone on your edito- 
rial staff is responsible for the remarks. 

I am happy to be able to say that I 
know many Episcopalians who act after 
seeking God's direction and assistance, 
and who pray for that same guidance 
and strength when they are faced with 
the need for action. To say that the two 
are mutually exclusive is to misunder- 
stand a large part of Scripture. 

We represent ourselves as an "inclu- 
sive" church, welcoming anyone just 
where he or she is into our fellowship. 
Yet our national church r ~ ntinues to 
lose members, larp<=' y vjver differences 
of opinions. Is it too late to learn to 
love our neighbors, even though we 
sometimes disagree with them? I sin- 
cerely hope not, for if it is, we are all 
surely lost. 

Collins T. Dawson 
St. Bartholomew's, Pittsboro 

Takes umbrage at story 

As an Episcopalian I take umbrage at 
the recent appraisal in The Communi- 
cant by its editor, John Justice, concer- 
ning the decision of the Standing Com- 
mittee in not consenting to the election 
of Barbara Harris as the first woman 
bishop of the Episcopal Church. 

First, the cover picture of Harris 
with the international road sign for 
negative superimposed on it smacks 
more of the National Enquirer than of 
a serious publication that purports to 
represent and inform the diocese. Yel- 
low journalism serves only to demean 
those who resort to it as a tactic. 

My second objection is to the tone 
used by Justice in the lead article of the 
Nov/Dec. issue. His editor's note states 
that "This issue aims to shed some 
light on our diocese's Standing Com- 
mittee's decision not to consent to the 
election of. . ." 

This would appear to be a clear, 

See next page 

January 1989 

concise statement of purpose. However, 
what follows is a lengthy statement of 
subliminal editorializing whose appar- 
ent motive is to create a ground swell 
of support for Harris while casting 
veiled aspersions on the action of the 
Standing Committee. 

The organization of the article effec- 
tively prejudices the reader against the 
Standing Committee's decision. Instead 
of clearly stating the chain of events in 
chronological order— i.e., committee 
decision, rationale and response, Justice 
inverts the time sequence and opens 
the discussion with the response, citing 
three criticisms of the committee's ac- 
tion. Each of the three is supported by 
somewhat vague reasoning garnished 
with strong implications of bigotry. 

Thereafter Harris' race and gender 
are brought up in sentences and para- 
graphs regardless of whether or not 
race and gender are germane to the 
subject of the sentence or paragraph. 
The net result of this tactic is to cause 
the reader to judge the committee's ac- 
tions prior to knowing why the com- 
mittee acted as it did. 

Thirdly, throughout the article 
Justice has inserted words and phrases 
whose only reason for use is to influ- 
ence the reader. For example: Instead 
of "A month after Massachusetts. . .", 
it was "Exactly one month." The Dio- 
cese of North Carolina didn't deny con- 
sent, rather Harris ran into a "snag in 
North Carolina." Objections to the 
position of the Standing Committee 
were labeled "a storm of protest." The 
decision was "unprecedented" and 
"sparked considerable reaction." "Let- 
ters and calls began pouring in to the 

Generalities such as these have no 
identifiable source and therefore no 
one can be called to account for them. 
However, the veiled accusations con- 
tained within them become as real to 
the reader as the setting sun. In the 
parlance of military pyschological op- 
erations this is known as a "gray" op- 

Toward the end of the article Justice 
tells us that "Bishop Robert Estill has 
said he intends to cast his vote for Har- 
ris in the polling of diocesan bishops." 
This bit of intelligence is the final piece 
in the journalistic endeavor to blatantly 
influence under the guise of objective 

Leon Hope 
St. Matthew's, Kernersville 

Cover was offensive 

I found your cover "art" for [Novem- 
ber-December] Communicant offensive 
and extremely inflammatory. Why did 
you feel that we hadn't gotten the 
message about Bishop-Elect Harris? 
Certainly we are bright enough to read 
the paper and make personal decisions 
without graphics. 

Maybe a picture of the Standing 
Committee with a V for Victory would 
have been more appropriate? 

Admit it: gender and color still are 
important in this diocese. 

Katherine Cunningham 
Emmanuel, Southern Pines 

Disappointed in cover 

I have just received my November- 
December issue of The Communicant 
and for the first time in the two years 
I have been receiving it, I am disap- 

The reason for my disappointment is 
the front cover and the way Barbara 
Harris is shown to let those of us in 
the North Carolina diocese know that 
our Standing Committee voted against 
her. The cover was in poor taste and 
bad judgment on the part of The Com- 
municant. The slash mark was way too 
much and should not have been used. 

Given the credentials of Ms. Har- 
ris, I don't think she is a wise choice 
mainly because of the fact she does 
not have a college or seminary degree. 
Also she lacks parish experience. I feel 
that all candidates for bishops and the 
priesthood must hold college and semi- 
nary degrees. 

I commend the Standing Committee 
for their vote and feel that all Episco- 
palians in the North Carolina diocese 
should support their decision. 

Even though I am opposed to a 
woman being elected to the position of 
bishop, the way Ms. Harris was depict- 
ed was in poor taste. 

I think you owe Ms. Harris an apo- 

Mary Virginia Morris 
Church of the Messiah, Rockingham 

Cover offended members 

Some of the members of St. Matthew's 
Church were deeply offended by the 
picture of the Rev. Barbara Harris on 
the front page of your recent issue, and 
found it to be in very poor taste. 

The vestry asked me to send you 
this letter. The vote, you may wish to 
know, was not unanimous, there was 
one dissenting vote. 

James Kellett, Senior Warden 
St. Matthew's, Kernersville 

Cover lacked charity, grace 

In a state that re-elects one of the Re- 
publican Party's topmost reactionaries 
as regularly as the dogwoods bloom, it 
was no surprise to read in the Decem- 
ber issue of The Communicant that the 
Standing Committee of the Diocese of 
North Carolina had voted not to con- 
firm, or rather to consent to, the elec- 

tion of the Rev. Barbara Harris, as Suf- 
fragan Bishop of the Diocese of Massa- 
chusetts. One may find it difficult to 
understand their reasoning, but one 
can accept their action. But why the 
defacement of the image of Ms. Harris 
on the front page? To superimpose a 
road sign on her image, a fellow hu- 
man being and a fellow Christian, lack- 
ed decency, charity and grace. There 
was no justice in Editor Justice's pic- 
torial comment. . . . 

The Standing Committee of North 
Carolina notwithstanding, Ms. Harris 
will undoubtedly be ordained and take 
her seat in the House of Bishops, as 
the first woman so chosen. Her per- 
son, her credentials and her confronta- 
tional nature will be placed in the ser- 
vice of Him whom together we serve 
in loving obedience. 

The Rev. Fred and Eleanor Hammond 
Christ Church, Walnut Cove 

The editor replies: A number of others 
drew the same inference about last 
month's cover photograph. My intention, 
in "X-ing" over the Rev. Barbara Harris' 
face was to visually represent the Stan- 
ding Committee's negative vote on her 
election. While I deliberately chose a 
strong image to attract the reader's eye, I 
didn't intend the to state that either The 
Communicant or I were against her. I apol- 
ogize for any hurt inflicted by the choice 
of the December cover. —John Justice 

Should we change signs? 

The manners and intentions of Epis- 
copalians United shame and distress 
us. Allowing full participation in the 
life of the church by all who accept 
Christ as Lord is, in their eyes, allow- 
ing "gay and lesbian lobbies. . .to take 
control." But who is trying to control 
whom? Episcopalians United resent the 
church opening its doors to people un- 
like themselves— whether those strang- 
ers be "social activists, liberals, femi- 
nists or homosexuals." Christ lived 
with and spoke out most strongly on 
behalf of the social outcasts of his 
time. Now, as then, the mainstream 
has no lock on truth. Love impels us 
to open the door. Justice demands that 
each and everyone of us, as children 
of God, be granted the opportunity to 
enter and share as equals in the Eu- 
charist the body and blood of Christ. 
When "the Spirit is poured upon us 
from on high. . .then justice will dwell 
in the wilderness, and righteousness 
abide in the fruitful field. And the ef- 
fect of righteousness will be peace, 
and the results of righteousness, quiet- 
ness and trust forever. My people will 
abide in a peaceful habitation, in se- 
cure dwellings, and in quiet resting 
places." (Isaiah 32:15-18) So Isaiah pro- 
phesizes a just era when the people of 
God will live at ease with one another 
and with the whole of Creation. The 

people of God accept God, the universe 
and, importantly, one another. But this 
hardly means that the people of God 
accept the status quo — or see goodness 
as a reflection of their own lives. Work- 
ing towards fulfilling God's promise 
demands that we "seek justice, correct 
oppression, defend the fatherless, plead 
for the widow." Jesus brought the pro- 
phesies of Israel to life— for the whole 
world— summing up the whole of the 
commandments: "Thou shalt love the 
Lord thy God with all thy heart. . . . 
Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself." 
All of us on the outreach committee 
of St. Bartholomew's have joined the 
Episcopal Church in recent years. Fun- 
damental to our joining was the spirit 
embodied in the message found on 
signs near every Episcopal Church: 
"The Episcopal Church welcomes you." 
Would Episcopalians United have us 
change all these signs? What should 
they say? 

Bob McConnaughey 

Patty Blanton 

Jerry Markatos 

St. Bartholomew's, Pittsboro 

Distressed that deaf 
work funding withdrawn 

On Dec. 31, 1988, funding ceased for 
the position of Coordinator of Deaf 
Services for the diocese. I am distress- 
ed that the church is withdrawing of- 
ficial support for this ministry. 

The Episcopal Church historically 
was at the forefront of deaf ministry in 
this country. The Church of the Nativ- 
ity in Raleigh continues to work hard 
to meet the needs of deaf Episcopa- 
lians in this diocese. They are doing a 
laudable job of blending both deaf and 
hearing communicants into a cohesive 
congregation. However, now that each 
parish is to accept responsibility for 
this particular ministry, their task be- 
comes even more difficult. Withdrawal 
of official support is tantamount to say- 
ing that the word of God is for all— as 
long as they have the ability to hear it! 

Kathy Beetham worked hard as 
Coordinator of Deaf Services to train 
and schedule interpreters, to publicize 
interpreted services in the deaf com- 
munity, and in myriad other ways to 
ensure that God's love and words 
were accessible for all who had a de- 
sire to hear. 

I am angry and I am saddened. I 
feel that all of us who profess sensitiv- 
ity to the needs of others are diminish- 
ed by the diocese's failure to continue 
active support for deaf ministry. 

Cassandra Mitchell, Raleigh 

Editor's Note: The Rev. Diane Corlett 
continues to chair a Task Force on Deaf 
Ministry, and money from trust funds 
makes possible interpreters in several 
churches around the diocese. 

The Communicant 

Bishop's letter 

Dear Friends, 

When I was ordained and consecrated 
bishop, I was handed a Bible and told 
to "Receive the Holy Scriptures, feed 
the flock of Christ committed to your 
charge, guard and defend them in his 
truth, and be a faithful steward of his 
holy Word and Sacraments." God 
helping me, I have tried to follow that 
and have taken it as a "statement of 
purpose" for the episcopacy. 

For the past month or two, people 
committed to my charge have been 
receiving mail from groups which are 
against ordaining the Rev. Dr. Barbara 
Harris to the episcopate. Some have 
sent this material on to me, in par- 
ticular that distributed by the groups 
called Episcopalians United and the 
1928 Prayer Book Society, as well as 
an essay by a recent graduate of Trini- 
ty School of Theology, the Rev. Ken- 
dall Harmon. Others have written me 
complaining about the diocese's Stand- 
ing Committee, whose members voted 
7-2 not to concur in Dr. Harris' elec- 
tion. Still others have written asking 
me to do likewise if a majority of the 
118 dioceses concur and the bishops 
are allowed to vote. 

Of course I respect the opinion of 
those who are against her consecra- 
tion. The last issue of The Communi- 
cant provided a forum for the expres- 
sion of their reasons, and I want to 
state here my position. For, if I have 
the opportunity, I plan to concur. As a 
suffragan, Bishop Vest is ineligible to 
vote, but he has stated his approval, 

and he and I have made plans to at- 
tend Dr. Harris's consecration if it is 

Dr. Harris' bishop, the Rt. Rev. Allen 
Bartlett of Pennsylvania, has sent out a 
memo describing the diocesan pro- 
gram of preparation for ordination for 
those unable to go to seminary. Dr. 
Harris (who has an honorary degree 
from Hobart College and William Smith 
College) went through that program. It 
was then, and is now, in complete ac- 
cord with Title III, Canon 7, Section 
1(a) of our national canons. She passed 
the examinations required of all aspi- 
rants for Holy Orders and fulfilled all 
other canonical requirements for ordina- 
tion to the diaconate and the priesthood. 
It is estimated that over 30 percent of 
our clergy never attended seminary 

and, following the pattern of Dr. Harris, 
read for Holy Orders. While our dio- 
cese requires that a person be a college 
graduate and have a seminary degree 
in order to be a priest, that is our local 
rule, not one dictated by canon. 

Dr. Harris was married and divorc- 
ed some 20 years ago. Regrettably, a 
growing number of clergy have suf- 
fered from divorce, including some 
bishops. Her divorce was judged by 
those who ordained her in Pennsylva- 
nia (lay persons, clergy and bishops), as 
well as in the Diocese of Massachusetts, 
and she was declared (in the words of 
the canons) to have ". . .lived a sober, 
honest, and godly life . . ." and to be 
". . .worthy to be admitted. . ." to ordi- 
nation. So, too, a constitutional majori- 
ty of the convention of the Diocese of 
Massachusetts signed a canonically re- 
quired testimonial stating that they 
". . .know of no impediment. . ." and 
". . .believe [her] to be of such sufficien- 
cy in good learning, of such soundness 
in the Faith, and of such virtuous and 
pure manners and godly conversation 
as to be able to exercise the Office of 
Bishop. . ." and ". . .to be a wholesome 
example to the flock of Christ." (Title 
III, Canon 21, Section 1(a)). 

Arguably, neither race nor gender is 
an issue, although there is a small 
minority of dioceses with bishops and 
Standing Committees who will not 
vote for the ordination of a woman. 

That leaves the issue of unity. Some, 
especially those groups I have men- 
tioned above, question Dr. Harris' opi- 
nions expressed in her editorials in The 

Witness magazine. They apparently feel 
that a prospective bishop should agree 
with their point of view and should 
not rock the boat or depart from what 
they consider a "party line." They 
have hinted that she may be a Com- 
munist, since she has taken the title 
of her column from a Marxist-Angolan 
"freedom fighter." The title is A Luta 
Continua— The Struggle Continues. 
Come on now! Surely for Dr. Harris and 
for blacks and women in the Episcopal 
Church, the struggle does continue. 

There is, in my opinion, an alarming 
coincidence between the critics of Dr. 
Harris and those who are attempting 
to force a rigid, literalistic and funda- 
mentalistic biblical mold on the Episco- 
pal Church. (See my Communicant let- 
ter of November, 1988.) Now the same 
group is attacking another foundation 
of our faith as Episcopalians— reason. 
They are attacking Dr. Harris' right 
to raise issues that threaten a kind of 
pseudo-unity. That kind of "unity" has 
nothing to do with the unity in diversi- 
ty that the mainstream of our church 
stands for and always has. 

So, I will vote yes. 

I have great respect and affection for 
the members of our Standing Commit- 
tee who disagree with me on this is- 
sue. I have very little respect for those 
who would turn this into a divisive 
polarization of our church. 

Faithfully Yours, 
Robert W. Estill 

Suffragan Bishop's letter 

Dear Friends in Christ, 

Of all the synonyms and titles 
given to our Lord, none is more ap- 
pealing and apt than "Prince of Peace," 
and it is one that is especially appro- 
priate as Christmas now merges with 
Epiphany. We look to the Christ as the 
only true source of our peace, as the 
only hope for realistic and lasting 
peace. There are at least two ways in 
which we have that unrealized and 
universal longing. 

The first has to do with the external 
peace of this world— best described by 
a word in classical Greek, eirene, which 
means the absence or the end of war. 
In recent weeks, the Palestinian Lib- 
eration Organization and Israel have 
heightened the hopes for world peace. 
Signals from Moscow and Washington 
have seemed encouraging. But we all 
know that illusions of world peace 
can be frighteningly transitory. All it 
takes is one flareup in some obscure 
part of the globe to bring us all to the 

brink of the unthinkable. I invite 
your constant and daily prayers for the 
peace of our world— and I invite your 
actions, your letters and your votes in 
order to make the prayers to the 
Prince of Peace incarnate. 

There is also the search for internal 
peace— personal peace— the "peace of 
God which passes understanding." 
Again, the only viable source for this 
kind of peace is our Lord, the Prince 
of Peace. The Hebrew word shalom 
connotes this kind of peace. Interesting- 
ly enough, shalom does not anticipate 
the absence of conflict and struggle. 
These remain very much a part of the 
human scene. However, in the midst 
of the swirl of conflict and controversy, 
shalom proclaims that we can be whole 
(i.e., full of integrity), peaceful, and in 
loving relationships (even, praise be 
to God, with those with whom we 

Someone said to me the other day, 
"Well, there goes any chance for a 
peaceful diocesan convention." If they 

meant there goes any chance of a con- 
vention without disagreement and 
divergent points of view, I pray that 
they are correct. As long as we are 

alive, and thinking, we shall find our- 
selves on different sides of many fen- 
ces as we struggle to discern God's will 
for us in this world. However, seeking 
shalom (the gift of the Prince of Peace) 
should help us to perceive that for 
Jesus, peace meant not the absence of 
conflict, but the presence of love [agape) 
in the midst of conflict. 

In ail of this, I am reminded of the 
last verse of one of the great hymns of 
the Church— the words of William 
Alexander Percy: 

"The peace of God, it is no peace, 

But strife closed in the sod. 

Yet let us pray 

for but one thing— 

The marvelous peace of God. " 

Looking forward to seeing you at 

Frank H. Vest Jr. 

January 1989 

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Vol. 80, No. 2 

The Newspaper of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 

Feb./Mar. 1989 

Delegates debate money issues 

By John Justice 

Money matters held center stage for 
much of the 173rd annual diocesan 
convention in Greensboro Jan. 26-28. 

Delegates spent most of the conven- 
tion's closing session discussing pro- 
posed cuts in funds that had been re- 
quested for programs. In the end, the 
approximately 300 clergy and lay dele- 
gates assembled in the Holiday Inn/ 
Four Seasons approved total 1989 
budgets of $2,104,219. While the 
highest ever for the diocese, the pro- 
gram portion incorporated numerous 
cuts from amounts requested. 

During the discussion of the budget, 
questions were raised about trends in 
giving by parishes to the diocese and 
about diocesan priorities for deploying 

Also, delegates heard an ACTS 
report stating that while A Celebration 
Through Stewardship has raised more 
money than any other such campaign 
in the diocese, it remains short of its 

total goal of $6,645,000. 

In other convention matters: 

—Bishop Robert W. Estill announced 
that Suffragan Bishop Frank H. Vest 
Jr. was one of the five final candidates 
for Bishop Coadjutor for the Diocese 
of Southern Virginia. In the election in 
Norfolk on Feb. 4, Bishop Vest was 
elected to succeed Bishop Charles 
Vache. (Please see article this page.) 

—Delegates passed a batch of reso- 
lutions, including one approving the 
ministry of the Rt. Rev. Barbara Har- 
ris, Suffragan Bishop of the Diocese of 

—Delegates elected five new mem- 
bers to the Diocesan Council, three to 
the Standing Committee and a number 
of others to diocesan offices and insti- 

The budget was presented by Tom 
Fanjoy, of Trinity, Statesville. He is 
chairman of the three-member Depart- 
ment of Budget of the Diocesan Coun- 
cil. Fanjoy explained that the total 
diocesan budget is comprised of two 
funds, the Episcopal Maintenance 

Fund and the Church's Program Fund. 

There was little discussion of the 
Episcopal Maintenance Fund, which 
provides money for the bishops, Dioce- 
san House operations and a few other 
items. Money for this fund comes 
from mandatory assessments of congre- 

Delegates approved the Diocesan 
Council's recommended Episcopal 
Maintenance Fund of $649,331, an in- 
crease of about 4.4% over the 1988 
figure of $621,989. 

However, the questions were many 
and varied concerning the other por- 
tion of the budget, the Church's Pro- 
gram Fund. This fund supports 
diocesan program staff and their work 
"(Christian social ministries, commu- 
nications, program director), college 
chaplains, operations of 24 diocesan 
commissions and committees, contri- 
bution to the national church and 

Money for the Church's Program 
Fund comes from quotas assigned to 
each congregation. The quotas are 

voluntary, unlike the mandatory 
assessments for the Episcopal Mainte- 
nance Fund, and perfect compliance 
is never forthcoming. For example, as 
of convention, some $33,000 in 1988 
quotas had yet to be paid. 

Fanjoy explained that on Sept. 26 
the Diocesan Council accepted a pro- 
posed Church's Program Fund budget 
of $1,491,414 along with the Episcopal 
Maintenance Fund budget of $639,331. 
In October, notice of quotas and 
assessments was mailed to the con- 
gregations. Following that, Fanjoy said, 
it became evident that quotas were not 
going to be accepted enough to meet 
the Church's Program Fund requests. 

Therefore, on Dec. 30, a meeting 
was held at the Diocesan House in 
Raleigh to try to reconcile the budget 
requests with the shortfall in quota ac- 
ceptances. Present at the meeting were 
Fanjoy, Mahlon DeLoatch Jr., chair of 
the Finance and Business Methods 
Department of council, and Letty 
Magdanz, the diocese's treasurer and 
See Convention page 4 

Vest elected bishop coadjutor 

The Rt. Rev. Frank H. Vest Jr. has 
been elected Bishop Coadjutor of the 
Episcopal Diocese of Southern Virginia. 
This means that Vest, current Suffragan 
Bishop of North Carolina, will succeed 
Southern Virginia's present bishop, the 
Rt. Rev. Charles Vache, who is ex- 
pected to retire in 1991. Upon his suc- 
cession, Vest will become the eighth 
Bishop of Southern Virginia. 

Bishop Robert Estill said: 

"The years Frank Vest and I have 
had together in this diocese, first as a 
parish priest and then as my suffragan 
bishop, have been important years for 
the diocese. Frank's leadership, his 
pastoral sensitivity, his fine sense of 
humor, and his wife Ann, are all tre- 
mendous gifts, and will be missed. Of 
course, I look forward to our contin- 
uing service together in the House of 

Vest will continue his work in this 
diocese until the end of April. He will 
be installed as bishop coadjutor in a 
morning ceremony in Williamsburg on 
May 20. Presiding Bishop Edmond 
Browning will officiate at the installa- 

Vest was elected on the third ballot 
during voting at Southern Virginia's 
annual meeting in Norfolk on Feb. 10. 

The Rt. Rev. Frank H. Vest Jr. 

Norfolk is headquarters for the Pro- 
vince III diocese, which is comprised 
of 26 counties south of Richmond and 
east of Danville. The diocese also has 
an office in Petersburg. The diocese 
has about 30,000 communicants. 
On the winning ballot, Vest, 53, 

received 70 clergy votes and 169 lay 
votes, with 59 clergy and 129 lay votes 
needed to win. Coming in second was 
the Ven. James W. H. Sell, Archdea- 
con of the Diocese of Newark. Sell 
received 30 clergy and 58 lay votes on 
the third ballot. The other candidates 
were: the Rev. Canon Robert E. Allen, 
of the Diocese of West Tennessee and 
St. Mary's Cathedral, Memphis; the 
Rev. Clifton J. Sitts, rector of Christ 
Church, Warren, Ohio; and the Rev. 
Canon Charles Barksdale of St. Peter's 
Cathedral, St. Petersburg, Fla. 

Following the third ballot, delegates 
voted to elect Vest by acclamation, and 
everyone rose and sang the Doxology. 

In a statement prepared for the James- 
town Cross, Southern Virginia's dioce- 
san paper, Vest said his vision of the 
church was ". . .that we will truly be a 
servant people as both Isaiah and our 
Lord envisioned. That servanthood in- 
cludes the evangelistic opportunity of 
'bringing good tidings to the afflicted,' 
the prophetic ministry of 'proclaiming 
liberty to the captives,' and the pastoral 
joy of 'binding up the brokenhearted.' 

"My hope and prayer for the church 
is that as we prepare to enter the 21st 
century, we will mobilize our not in- 
considerable resources of brain, mus- 

cle, power and financial resources and 
become the kind of force in this world 
which God has always called us to be." 

In that same statement, Vest outlin- 
ed his views on leadership, saying: "It 
is my belief that leadership is most ef- 
fective when it is shared, collegial and 
collaborative. I believe that, in the 
final analysis, leadership is more a 
'function' than a 'person' and, in this 
specific instance, leadership is a func- 
tion of the whole Body of Christ. . . . 

"I do not think leadership should be 
manipulative, but I do firmly believe 
that the 'leader' has the obligation and 
the responsibility of being clear and 
forthright about his or her positions 
and opinions. 

"There are times when I think a 
leader needs to be out front on issues, 
and there are times when the leader 
needs to allow others to take the lead- 
ership and to seek consensus. Ulti- 
mately, leadership is a servant role 
acted out under the Lordship of 

Vest was elected Suffragan Bishop of 
the Diocese of North Carolina at the 
annual convention in Greensboro in 
January, 1985. He was consecrated as 
suffragan on May 19 in Duke Chapel 
See Vest page 6 


Around the diocese 

St. John's offers free altar 

If anyone needs an altar, the St. John's 
House is Durham has one for the tak- 
ing. The local branch of the Society of 
St. John The Evangelist also welcomes 
inquiries about its facilities for individ- 
ual and group meditation and prayer. 
You may contact Brother Eldridge 
Pendleton at 702 W. Cobb St., Dur- 
ham, NC 27707, 919-688-4161. 

Center asks for help 

You can help the Tri-County Com- 
munity Health Center in its ministry 
to migrant farmworkers in Sampson, 
Johnston and Harnett counties. The 
center is equipping a mobile unit to 
provide medical services at the migrant 
camps. Needed are people with me- 
chanical, carpentry, medical and archi- 
tectural skills. People able and willing 
to work with youth groups can be use- 
ful, and money is always needed for 
this work. Churches and individuals 
who can help are asked to please con- 
tact the center's administrator, Michael 
Baker. He can be reached at P.O. Box 
237, Newton Grove, NC 28355, 

Allen makes a difference 

St. Andrew's' Carolyn Allen is the 1989 
Woman of the Year for the Greens- 
boro Quota Club. The award was made 
for her outstanding contributions to 
the community. 

Allen is known for her work in en- 
vironmental concerns and is one of 
Gov. James Martin's appointees to the 
state's low-level radioactive waste 
management authority. She has also 
worked in Christian Social Ministries 
and served on the board of Greensboro 
Urban Ministry. 

The Quota Club said that Allen 
"believes an individual can make a dif- 
ference in the world and has set about 
doing so. She has a real appreciation 
of the world around us, a concern for 
her neighbors and a sense of awe and 
love for God that undergirds her liv- 
ing. She enjoys and shares her joy 
with all." 

Sally Cone named to board 

Sally S. Cone, of Holy Trinity, Greens- 
boro, has been elected to the board of 
trustees of the General Theological 
Seminary of the Episcopal Church. 
The New York seminary is the oldest 
in the church and the only one found- 
ed by General Convention, the church's 
governing body. 

Cone is a member of the diocese's 
Christian Social Ministry Commission 
and Commission on Ministry and is 
former chair of the Commission on 
Women's Issues. 

Investment thaf s worth it 

"It seems like a good time," says Jim 
Overton, "for Episcopalians to be stu- 
dying up on socially responsible in- 
vestment, given the amount of energy 
bubbling around in the diocese about 
this issue." 

Overton, of the Self-Help Credit 
Union in Durham, is helping plan the 
Socially Responsible Investors' Con- 
ference. It will be held April 8, from 
8:30 a.m. until 4:30 p.m., in the Caro- 
lina Inn in Chapel Hill. 

The event is designed for both the 
new and the experienced socially 
responsible investor. Speakers will ad- 
dress options for the investor and will 
discuss what investments to avoid and 
which to seek, how to maximize re- 
turns and social value, and how to in- 
vest in one's own community. 

There is a $50 charged for the event. 
For information, please call Overton at 

Dolphins are friends to aging 

The Rev. Patsy Walters says: "If you 
are like I am, you have often sat in 
church Sunday after Sunday and lis- 
tened to the message that we are all 
called to ministry to others and that 
we all have been given special gifts to 
give, and thought, 'Hey, thafs all they 
know about me. I can't think of a 
thing that I really have to offer.'" 

If so, says the assistant at St. Mar- 
garet's, Charlotte, you can consider 
the Dolphin ministry. She describes it 
as an opportunity for anyone willing 
simply to make a commitment to 
friendship with an older person. The 
Dolphin program is an ecumenical, 
one-to-one ministry whose purpose is 
to match community people with peo- 
ple in nursing homes who need friends. 

Walters describes the program this 
way: "It is special because its focus is 
on companionship rather than pastoral 
care. Dolphins visit people in nursing, 
retirement or convalescent homes 
because they want to be a friend. Lay 
volunteers from the community are 
trained as Dolphins, supervised by the 
program director and held accountable 
to their sponsors and to the program 
itself. When you become a Dolphin, 
you visit just one lonely person. 

The program is named in honor of 
the seagoing dolphin which is reputed 
to show friendship to stranded swim- 
mers by fending off sharks and gently 
nudging the swimmer to shore. 

About 40% of people in nursing 
homes have no one to visit them regu- 
larly, Walters said, and this is the need 
that the program meets. Dolphins of 
Mecklenburg was organized one year 
ago and is going strong. 

If you're interested in this program, 
please contact: The Rev. Patsy H. 
Walters, 3108 Airlie St., Charlotte, NC 
28205, 704-537-7908 or 333-7849. 

The Rev. Barbara Armstrong, a vocational deacon, is one of the diocese's two registered 
lobbyists at the North Carolina General Assembly. Along with the Rev. Jim Lewis, Arm- 
strong will serve as the diocese's liaison with legislators on issues of criminal justice, child 
care, aging, alcohol, welfare and others. Lewis is director of Christian Social Ministries for 
the diocese. 

She sings the pain away 

"You're told that you shouldn't feel 
the way you feel. So the conflict bet- 
ween the way you feel on the inside 
and the way you appear to feel on the 
outside grows. 

"We learn to wear masks." 

Susie Ward, of St. Anne's, Winston- 
Salem, writes and sings to encourage 
others to take off their masks. She is 
the composer/performer of three self- 
published musical tapes— the latest is 
"Joining Yesterday with Today"— and 
travels through the state singing in 
clubs, churches, schools and opera 
troupes. She has sung several times 
at events at the Conference Center 
in Browns Summit, and she is work- 
ing on various projects with the Rev. 
John Shields, chairman of the dio- 
cese's Commission on Alcohol and 

Her work has special meaning for 
people who grew up in a dysfunction- 
ing family and, in particular, families 
where alcohol caused problems. We 
bring our childhoods into our adult 
lives, she says, and therefore must be 
clear about what happened in child- 

"In my own growing up, I experi- 
enced pain and anger having to do with 
my own parents," Ward says, "but I 
came to realize that I can't change 
them. I have got to take care of my- 
self. So I'm trying to do what I can." 

Her first intention is that people will 
enjoy her songs— which she considers 
gifts from God— and then that the 
songs will help her audiences "rear- 
range the mental furniture." 

Describing her music as a blend of 
folk, rock and pop, Ward has written: 

"They deal with images of grief, dis- 
trust, co-dependency and pain. They 
also offer hope, encoluragement of 
learning to trust, and growth." 

Her other two albums are titled 
"Healing the Child Within" and "Inner 
Child of the Past." 

Anyone wishing to talk with Ward 
about her music ministry is invited to 
contact her at: Healing Tree, 4570 
Kreeger Rd., Winston-Salem, NC 27106, 

Bishops ask governor for 
alternatives to imprisonment 

Religious leaders, including both 
bishops of the diocese, have asked 
Gov. James Martin and the members 
of the General Assembly to consider 
alternatives for imprisonment for cer- 
tain offenders. 

Bishop Robert W. Estill and Suf- 
fragan Bishop Frank H. Vest Jr. were 
among 18 signatories to a Jan. 23 state- 
ment that said in part: 

"Too many people are in our prisons 
for crimes related to socioeconomic 
conditions into which they were born. 
We cannot lock them up forever. 
Without rehabilitation programs— for 
literacy, job training, mental health 
problems— how can they ever rejoin 
their fellow citizens in making a con- 
tribution to the common good?" 

Some offenders must be locked 
up— for their own good and that of 
others—, the statement said, "But it is 
our conviction that more resources— 
rather than being directed away from 
education, health care, and other needs 
—should be directed towards commu- 
nity penalties and rehabilitation pro- 
grams outside prison walls." 

The Communicant is published monthly, 
September through June, with a combined 
issue for February and March, by the Episco- 
pal Diocese of North Carolina. 

Bishop: The Rt. Rev. Robert W. Estill 

Suffragan Bishop: The Rt.Rev. Frank H. Vest, Jr. 

Editor: John B. Justice 

Art Director: Mary Sox 

Non-diocesan subscriptions are $10.00. Sub- 
missions are welcome; they are due on the 
10th of the month for the issue dated the 
following month. 

Please send letters and address changes to: 
The Communicant, RO. Box 17025, Raleigh 
NC, 27619. Phone: (919) 787-6313. 

The Communicant is a member of the Asso- 
ciated Church Press and the Association 
of Episcopal Communicators. Second-class 
postage paid at Raleigh, North Carolina, 
and at additional post offices. Publication 
number: USPS 392-580. 

The Communicant 

ECW to meet in Durham 

By Cackie Kelly 

There is a time every spring when 
Episcopal church women from through- 
out the diocese put down their hoes 
and gardening gloves, pack an over- 
night bag and convene for the annual 
meeting of the ECW. 

The 107th annual meeting of Episco- 
pal Church Women will be held Tues- 
day and Wednesday, April 18 and 19, 
at St. Philip's, Durham. President Mittie 
Landi of Holy Comforter, Burlington, 
will be meeting's chair. The agenda 
will include two keynote addresses, 
workshops, worship, a banquet and a 
business session. 

This year's theme will be "All Things 
New— with Water and the Holy Spirit." 
There is good reason why this may 
sound familiar: It was also the theme 
of the Episcopal Church's General Con- 
vention held in Detroit last summer. 
By reiterating this theme, the ECW in- 
tends to show support for the eight Mis- 
sion Imperatives passed by General 
Convention as the framework for the 
church's ministries in the 1990s. (See 
below for the mission imperatives.) 

The keynote speaker will be the 
Rev. Dr. John Westerhoff, professor of 
practical theology at the Duke Divinity 
School. Following his Tuesday-after- 
noon address, delegates will choose 
one of four workshops to attend. The 

workshops, which are related to the 
Mission Imperatives, are: 

1. Evangelism. The leader will be 
the Rev. Blair Both, assistant at St. 
Michael's, Raleigh. 

2. Anglican Fellowship of Prayer. The 
leader will be Mildred Green, a board 
member of the fellowship and a com- 
municant of St. Paul's, Winston-Salem. 

3. Education as Christian Ministry. 
Leading this group will be Dr. Prezell 
Robinson, president of St. Augustine's 

4. Stewardship. Scott Evans will lead 
this workshop. She is a former mem- 
ber of the Executive Council of the 
church, for many years a member of 
the diocesan ECW board, immediate 
past chair of the Commission on Land 
Stewardship and a communicant of St. 
Stephen's, Durham. 

Branch delegations are encouraged 
to send a member to each of these 

Following the workshops, there will 
be a tour of the Urban Ministries Cen- 
ter, a multi-service center operated by 
a coalition of Durham churches on a 
site adjacent to St. Philip's. 

The banquet will be held Tuesday 
evening at the Omni Hotel. Theologian 
and educator the Rev. Dr. Dennis 
Campbell will speak at the banquet. 
He is dean of the Duke Divinity School. 

During the Wednesday-morning 
business session, delegates will be in- 

troduced to individuals representing 
several diocesan ministries; they will 
familarize the attendees with their 
respective programs and activities. 

The meeting will close with a 
Eucharist at noon, at which the United 
Thank Offering will be presented. 
Each branch coordinator of the UTO 
will place her branch's offering in the 
ECW alms basin. Bishop Robert Estill, 
who has proclaimed 1989 as a year of 
prayer and preparation for our minis- 
try in the coming decade, will make 
an address during the worship service. 

Throughout the event, delegates can 
browse at exhibits of Education and 
Liturgy Resources, the diocese's book- 
store, and others. 

For registration, you can contact the 
branch ECW president at your parish 
or mission. 

Overnight accommodations can be 
arranged with the Omni Durham Hotel, 
which is within walking distance of St. 
Philip's. Parking space at the church is 
limited, so walking, car-pooling and 
using the hotel's shuttle van are en- 

Much care has been taken to ensure 
that the 1989 ECW annual meeting is 
interesting and relevant. Come join us 
as we till our fertile garden. • 

Cackie Kelly, a communicant of Em- 
manuel, Southern Pines, is secretary of 
promotions for the diocesan ECW. 

Mission Imperatives 

When these Mission Imperatives were 
presented to General Convention and 
the ECW's Triennium in Detroit last 
summer, ECW national president 
Marcy Walsh told Triennial members: 
"Look at them through the eyes of a 
woman and decide how you are going 
to support them." 

1. Inspire others by serving them 
and leading them to seek, follow and 
serve Jesus Christ through member- 
ship in his Church. 

2. Develop and promote educational 
systems and resources which support 
the ministry of the people of God. 

3. Strengthen and affirm the partner- 
ship of the Episcopal Church within 
the Anglican Communion in proclaim- 
ing and serving God's kingdom through- 
out the world. 

4. Communicate in a compelling way 
the work of the Church in response to 
the Gospel. 

5. Strive for justice and peace among 
all people and respect the dignity of 
every human being. 

6. Act in faithful stewardship in 
response to the biblical teaching of the 
right use of God's creation. 

7. Support individuals and families 
in their struggle for wholeness by know- 
ing and living the values of the Gospel. 

Commit ourselves to the unity of the 
Church and of all God s people. • 

Born anew through death 

By Frank Grubbs 

There lies in the Penick papers within 
the diocesan archives a small pamph- 
let with a message large in its import. 
The pamphlet contains Bishop Penick's 
personal testimony on death and resur- 
rection. It was written by him in 1970 
to "give comfort and hope to many 

Penick called the Apostles' Creed 
"an astounding assertion" proclaiming 
"the mystery of the resurrected body;" 
a statement which "defied human rea- 
son and common sense;" yet a state- 
ment proclaiming the very foundation 
of Christian theology. 

How is it possible for a dead body 
to be resurrected, he asked? Penick 
wrote, "We must understand that man- 
kind is more than body, mind, and 
spirit." Our natures cannot be divided 
into three parts. God has fashioned 
our natures into a marvellous unity. 
We are like a match which is composed 
of wood, sulfur, and fire. Take away 
any one element and the match no 

longer is a match." Consequently, the 
bishop reasoned, "God's gift of eternal 
life must preserve, not destroy our 
unity. " Penick maintained that Christ's 
promise | "He that believeth in me 
shall never die.") is a pledge that "a 
suitable embodiment will be provided 
for man's whole nature in all its essen- 
tial parts." "I do not know the form it 
will take," he wrote, "anymore than a 
child knows what his body will be fif- 
ty years after birth." The bishop then 
wrote a most interesting statement: 
Birth is actually a resurrection as the 
baby dies to its old environment and it 
is born anew. So death will be for all 
of us. 

Penick thought the resurrected body 
will be as suitable to the life of the 
world to come as the wings of a but- 
terfly, released from their lonely con- 
finement, are adaptable to the freedom 
of the air. 

The bishop believed in a resurrected 
body because a disembodied spirit 
contradicted all that nature had taught 
him. He did not believe the resurrect- 
ed body would be composed of flesh 

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or resemble our present body. "Child- 
ren think of the resurrection of the 
body simply as a reassembling of the 
decayed parts, " he wrote. But Penick 
warned Christians that the Church 
does not teach that, nor does the Bible 
support the belief. 

The bishop was sure the new body 
will be one through which the person- 
ality 'can be happily expressed." The 
new form would "extend our personal- 
ity and retain our identity." We know 
this fact, he maintained, "because after 
the resurrection Christ's nature had 
changed but was recognizable. The 
body is sown in corruption but raised in 
incorruption, as St. Paul wrote." Bishop 
Penick published his little pamphlet to 
encourage Christians to accept a mys- 
tery which is the basis of Christian be- 
lief. In passing on his views to you the 
reader, I am in a certain sense "resur- 
recting" a portion of the bishop's per- 
sonal belief in death and resurrection. • 

Frank Grubbs is historiographer of the 
diocese and a communicant of St. Paul's, 

F E B R A U R Y / M A R C H 1989 

Convention / from page l 

business administrator. At that meet- 
ing they pinpointed some cuts and 
presented them at a called meeting of 
the Diocesan Council on Jan. 11. 

Council then adopted the $1,454,888 
Church's Program Fund budget that 
Fanjoy presented to convention dele- 
gates. This figure represented a 7% 
increase over the 1988 program fund. 
However, the figure presented for the 
delegates' discussion and vote was 
about $36,526 lower than the amount 
approved at council's Sept. 26 meeting. 

In the program budget presented to 
convention, salaries were increased 
4.5% Separate funding for Land Stew- 
ardship was abolished and the program 
folded into the existing Stewardship 
Commission. Separate funding was 
abolished for the Aging Commission, 
and the commission was incorporated 
into the Christian Social Ministries 
Commission. The Communicant's pro- 
duction budget was cut by the approx- 
imate amount needed for one issue, 
effectively reducing the number of 
issues per year from nine to eight. Cuts 
were made in the Christian Social 
Ministries program budget. 

Fanjoy pointed to two items as 
major contributors to the increase: 
mission church assistance and the dio- 
cese's contribution to the national 
church. Mission assistance was raised 
to $168,200 from last year's $114,304, 
and the national church was asking 
$497,000 for 1989, compared with 
$445,000 in 1988. The total increase 
for those two items is $105,000. 

"So," Fanjoy said, "we actually cut 
the budget with the exception of those 
two items. 

John Clark of St. Paul's, Winston- 
Salem, was among those questioning 
the national church contribution. In 
response to Fanjoy's statement that the 
diocese traditionally has paid whatever 
the national church asks, Clark said: 
"Why shouldn't we call their hand if 
we thought they were wrong?" 

Fanjoy said, "We would be some- 
what hypocritical if we on the dioce- 
san level are asking parishes for in- 
creased quotas and at the same time 
not giving the national church its full 
request." He added that North Carolina 
is the second most prosperous diocese 
in Province IV. 

Chet Mottershead of Good Shepherd, 
Rocky Mount (and a newly elected 
member of Diocesan Council) asked 
whether a trend was represented by 
the difference between September's 
projected quota acceptances' and the 
actual amount of quota income receiv- 
ed. Mottershead said, "Is the shortfall 
high? Low? How do we look at it?' 

Fanjoy replied, "I think, looking 
back, the trend is not good. But you 
have to remember that even though 
the quota assignments are higher, the 

percentage of the shortfall is about the 

Mottershead followed up, asking, 
"Didn't we adopt something at con- 
vention last year saying if a church 
doesn't meet its assessments and 
quotas, it wouldn't be a part of con- 

"Yes," said Fanjoy, "that would be a 
pastoral responsibility of the bishop." 

Mottershead then asked if the pos- 
sibility of severing from convention 
those congregations that don't meet 
their financial responsibilities to the 
diocese was "a true threat or a paper 

"It's not a threat," Fanjoy said. 

At that point Bishop Estill spoke up, 

gram fund to transfer into the 1988 
program fund. 

Questions on cutting funds for the 
Commission on Aging were raised by 
numerous people, including Bob Em- 
maus of Holy Spirit, Greensboro; Dot 
Latham of Holy Trinity, Greensboro, 
chairman of the Commission on Ag- 
ing; and Patsy Walters, a deacon and 
member of St. Margaret's, Charlotte. 

Latham said, "I want this convention 
to be aware that we have been cut 
almost to the bone, and I would hope 
that if the shortfall is met, the Com- 
mission on Aging will be restored." 
The commission had requested $2600 
for 1989; instead it was put into the 
budget under Christian Social Ministries 

Diocesan treasurer Letty J. Magdanz gives her report. 

saying, "I am working with vestries of 
congregations having trouble with 
their quotas. Many of them are doing 
the best they can and many are doing 
a lot of hard work on this. And, I 
must say, many of them have under- 
standable reasons for their difficulties." 

Bishop Estill was praised for his 
work in helping congregations with 
quotas by Joseph Ferrell of Chapel of 
the Cross, Chapel Hill. Ferrell, also a 
newly elected member of the Diocesan 
Council, urged delegates to go back to 
their congregations and talk to vestries 
about the quota situation. 

"If the acceptance of quotas con- 
tinues to slide down to where it was 
before Bishop Estill began working for 
us, we're in for some rocky times," 
Ferrell said. He pointed to two con- 
tributing factors to the present money 
squeeze: Unlike some past years, all 
of the diocese's trust fund income is 
obligated; there is none available to 
shift to current budgets. And— again in 
contrast to some past years— there was 
no money left over from the 1988 pro- 

but with a line item of $600 specifical- 
ly for aging work. 

"We will certainly consider those 
items which were reduced, but I can't 
speak for the Diocesan Council," Fan- 
joy said. 

Vickie Sigmon, a member of the 
Christian Social Ministries Commission, 
said that while that body welcomed 
the Commission on Aging, "We can't 
support the cost of aging's operation. 
The CSM budget can only be stretched 
so far." 

Tom Midyette, a council member, 
said, "It costs $1800-2000 just to op- 
erate one commission. We're trying 
to reduce the bureaucracy we have 
created. We moved aging into CSM 
because we thought they should have 
an emphasis on aging, which is a seri- 
ous problem. We hope we only cut the 
administrative costs." Midyette is rec- 
tor of St. Philip's, Durham. 

The elimination of funding for the 
Land Stewardship Commission came 
in for some questioning. Last year, the 
diocese funded land stewardship for 

$5028. But the 1989 budget calls for 
the program to be enfolded into the 
Stewardship Commission with no line 
item specifically for land stewardship. 

Midyette told delegates that the dio- 
cese was paying $5,000 for the salary 
of Jim Hinkeley, executive director of 
the North Carolina Land Stewardship 
Council. The council is funded by sev- 
en different state religious groups. 

Midyette added that the diocese was 
the largest single group supporting the 
council and that "We can't afford that 
kind of expenditure for a man doing 
work for other judicatories." 

However, Hinkeley, a delegate from 
St. Bartholomew's, Pittsboro, took ex- 
ception to Midyette's depiction of the 

"We are the third-largest-giving dio- 
cese in the Land Stewardship Council," 
Hinkeley said, adding, "This diocese 
uses the council more than any other 
judicatory." Further, he said, last year's 
funding was $2,000 for his salary, plus 
$1,800 for materials and travels. 

In the end, delegates approved the 
Church's Program Fund budget as pre- 

In his report on the ACTS campaign, 
Al Purrington III of Christ Church, 
Raleigh, said: "As you know, we have 
not reached our goal— we are $2.3 
million short. 

"Some congregational campaigns con- 
tinue, some are just underway. Our 
expectation is that these will bring us 
to $5 million, $1.5 million short of a 
goal that is critical to the diocese," said 
the chairman of the executive commit- 
tee for the campaign. 

Purrington said the executive com- 
mittee was following up on contacting 
potential major givers and asked "all 
of you, clergy and lay, to be alert to 
special opportunities of this type. The 
committee asks all of you to keep the 
ACTS program alive in your congrega- 
tion." He suggested contacting new- 
comers to congregations and persons 
who have already pledged but may 
want to pledge again. 

"We have these identified needs," he 
said, "and we can't put them behind 
us. Help us keep them alive. It's un- 
likely we will reach our campaign 
goal, but more money has been raised 
than ever before in this diocese. Some 
congregations, large and small, had 
fantastic campaigns. We're properly 
subject to criticism for failing to reach 
the goal, but finger-pointing is not in 

The ACTS balance sheet of Dec. 31, 
1988 showed a total pledge and cash in- 
come, after expenses, of $3,587,738.32. 

A glowing report was given on one 
of the major ACTS beneficiaries, the 
Conference Center at Browns Summit. 
Larry Tomlinson, chairman of the cen- 
ter's building committee, said: "Con- 
struction has not only started, it has 
exploded." Tomlinson is a communi- 

The Communicant 

cant of Christ Church, Charlotte. 

Tomlinson said that all of the Con- 
ference Center's new facilities— the 
adult meeting building, youth meeting 
building, youth housing for 80 people, 
and activities building with gym and 
pool— are under way and that they all 
will be available for use during the 
summer of this year. 

The Conference Center is slated to 
receive $2 million of the total ACTS 
goal of $6,645,000. 

The resolutions receiving the most 
debate were those concerning Bishop 
Barbara Harris, a diocesan personnel 
policy and inclusive language for dio- 
cesan publications. (See page 10 for a 
list of resolutions passed.) 

The lines of debate about the Bar- 
bara Harris resolution— a statement of 
support for the first woman elected 
bishop in the Anglican Communion- 

were drawn between those who thought 
the resolution was a slap in the face of 
the diocesan Standing Committee and 
those who believed that, Harris having 
obtained the necessary consents to as- 
sume her episcopacy, the diocese should 
voice its support for her ministry. 

A pivotal statement in the debaste 
came from the Rev. John Broome, a 
member of the Standing Committee 
who voted not to consent to Harris' 
election. At convention, Broome rose 
to say: 

"I helped write this resolution and 
came away from the hearings on it 
feeling pretty good. Yes, we need de- 
bate on it. But I don't feel it's a resolu- 
tion against the Standing Committee. 
I do feel we should show our support 
and affirmation for the new Suffragan 
Bishop of Massachusetts." 

Delegates passed the Harris resolu- 

tion 239-146. 

Despite an unfavorable committee 
report, a resolution was passed to esta- 
blish a personnel cdmmittee to study 
salaries, benefits and working condi- 
tions of lay and clergy people working 
for the diocese and its institutions. 

Anne Tomlinson, chair of the con- 
vention's committee on administration, 
said the committee approved the reso- 
lution's intent but thought it lacked 
"teeth." She said the committee asked 
itself, "Can we do it? Can we set per- 
sonnel standards? We doubted it, giv- 
en the various climates in which we 
work." She said the committee's view 
was that the matter should be left to 
"the mandates of the conscience of the 
hiring authorities." 

However, the point of view of the 
Rev. Stephen Elkins-Williams prevail- 
ed. "I strongly support it for two rea- 

sons," said the rector of Chapel of the 
Cross, Chapel Hill. "First, it is a justice 
issue, and second, it's a good proposal 
because it will assist the various 
groups who hire employees. It will in- 
form our consciences." 

His view was echoed by the Rev. 
Wilson Carter, who said, "We need 
direction from the diocese in determin- 
ing what to pay people." Carter is rec- 
tor of Grace Church, Lexington. 

The personnel policy motion passed 
on a vote by show of hands. 

Delegates gave serious consideration 
before passing a resolution to create 
guidelines for inclusive language in all 
written and spoken communications in 
the diocese, including the Diocesan 
Journal, The Communicant and others. 

Please see page 10 for candidates 
elected to the Diocesan Council, Stand- 
ing Committee and other offices. • 

God's new light in our hearts 

By Robert W. Estill 

Joseph Campbell, in The Way of the 
Animal Powers, has made the observa- 
tion that animals no longer serve, as 
they did in primeval times, to teach 
and guide us. Now they are all in 
cages in our zoos. He writes that now 
"our immediate neighbors are not wild 
beasts but other human beings, con- 
tending for goods and space on a planet 
that is whirling without end around 
the fireball of a star." 

And while the most contentious and 
pressing human beings are often those 
closest to us, we must, I believe, live 
always with the awareness of being 
part of one world, in a shrinking 
universe where an emission of carbon 
monoxide from our car, as we start it 
in the morning, affects the quality and 
perhaps even the length of life on our 

This past year, I have been more 
aware of the relationship we have in 
the world. The Lambeth Conference 
highlighted that awareness. Never 
again will Joyce and I hear of the cata- 
strophic things happening in the Sudan 
without thinking, with our hearts 
breaking, of Grace and Daniel Zimba, 
who shared our quarters for the three 
weeks. Or of South Africa, without the 
warmth of an embrace with our broth- 
er Desmond and his infectious good 
humor. Suddenly, hymns 431, 437 and 
438 mean more for having studied the 
Scriptures every morning with their 
author, Timothy Dudley-Smith. And 
Robert Runcie is no longer merely a 
distant inheritor of the chair of St. 

Augustine, but a real-life person and 

The farthest corners of Asia, the 
nearer reaches of Canada and the 
Naipan Se Ko Kai, now stand out as 
we pray for each other and share in 
the mission of the church. I hope 
every member of this church will get 
the Anglican Cycle of Prayer booklet 
and use it daily to expand horizons 
and, through prayer, to lift up our 
sisters and brothers around the world 
and their needs. 

Two years ago, I asked this con- 
vention to build upon our companion 
relationship with Belize and to begin 
to explore ways that we can be more 
involved in the issues of Central 
America. We set up, at my request, a 
Central America Task Force, and it 
has been actively engaged under the 
direction of its chair, Bill Bryant of 
Emmanuel, Southern Pines. In addi- 
tion to our continuing involvement in 
Belize, a group of 18 persons from our 
diocese went with me, at the invitation 
of Bishop Leo Frade to Honduras. As 
you might guess, it was a life-changing 
experience. We visited church esta- 
blishments, campesino villages, mili- 
tary bases and the American Embassy, 
where our ambassador, Edward Briggs, 
gave us an hour and a half of his time. 
On the basis of that, I would like to 
make the Task Force on Central Amer- 
ica a permanent part of our diocesan 
structure by asking you to name them 
a commission. Their budget line-item, 
already approved by the Mission and 
Outreach and the Diocesan Council, 
will remain the same. 

I intend, with Frances Payne, our 

youth coordinator, to lead a group of 
young people on a similar visit to 
Honduras at the urging of Ambassador 
Briggs and with the encouragement of 
Bishp Frade. It is my hope that Hon- 
duras will give us a base from which 
to expand this diocese's involvement in 
Central America. 

Our Diocesan Council, in a special 
meeting, had to reduce the 1989 pro- 
posed budget because a number of 
churches did not accept their full 
quota for the Church's Program Fund. 
Acting with the advice of its several 
departments which had held budget 
hearings, the council regretfully made 
some additional cuts. Over the past 
few years, members of the staff and I 
have held meetings with a number of 
vestries to talk about quotas. Some of 
those have improved dramatically and 
I am grateful to those who are making 
an effort to reach their quota. Mem- 
bers of the council will be making 
similar calls this year. As always, we 
are faced with a convention which 
calls for new programs, adopts budgets 
and campaigns such as the ACTS cam- 
paign, and still has congregations which 
fail to meet their share in the work. 
Delegates from these places need to 
pay attention to this, and members of 
the council will be joining me in mak- 
ing calls on those who have not done 
their part. You who are delegates to 
this convention need to return to your 
congregations and interpret and sup- 
port the work of the diocese and in- 
volve the members of your congrega- 
tions in that work. 

The massive study we did several 
years ago which resulted in a number 

of changes in our structure and or- 
ganization helped us define, among 
other things, what it takes to be a 
parish and a mission. With the advice 
and consent of the Standing Commit- 
tee, I am, after this convention, notify- 
ing several congregations that they will 
be returned to mission status under 
our canonical provisions. I believe this 
will be a positive step for those con- 
gregations and that their continued ser- 
vice and mission will be enhanced. 
Under the same advice and consent of 
the Standing committee, I am advising 
St. Luke's, Northampton County, St. 
Philip's, Germanton, St. James', Kit- 
trell, and St. George's, Woodleaf, that 
our Historic Churches Commission 
will be designating them under that 
category. Again, I believe this will clari- 
fy and strengthen their ongoing life. I 
feel sure that the neighboring congre- 
gations will continue to join them in 
imaginative use and mutual ministry. I 
rejoice with you and with the mem- 
bers of St. Margaret's, Charlotte, as 
they have received parish status at this 
convention. Few missions in the history 
of North Carolina have experienced 
more rapid growth or have developed 
in a shorter time a more dynamic and 
lively congregation. 

While, regretfully, we have cut back 
on our ministry to the deaf because of 
budget limitations, we still have a task 
force headed by the Rev. Diane Cor- 
lett of Christ Church, Cleveland, and 
at least two congregations have dynamic 
programs in operation, and another is 
starting. I have met periodically with 
the task force and will continue to do 
See Estill page 6 

February/March 1989 

4 I . . V •_ •- .V V V .... > * > , l t \\\\\Y 

'•• '.' •.♦.-.•. 

Estill / from vage 5 

so. Fortunately our endowment for 
work among the deaf continues to pro- 
duce $6,000 a vear and this makes 
possible the task force, which can con- 
tinue to coordinate pastoral needs in 
the deaf community and provide inter- 
preters for those congregations. 

In the past year, several of our long- 
range plans have begun to mature. St. 
John's House ol the Society of St. John 
the Evangelist has completely renovat- 
ed its facility and has extended its minis- 
try as a center for spiritual direction to 
Charlotte under the leadership of the 
Rev. Ken Henry, rector of Holy Com- 
forter, and the Rev. Ginny Herring, of 
St. Luke's, Salisbury. So, too, we are 
gradually increasing the number of 
women in the ordained ministry and 
now count approximately 20 percent of 
our active clergy as women. A grow- 
ing number are becoming rectors of 
parishes, and our Women's Issues 
Commission has implemented a great 
many appointments and offices in the 
diocese for women. We ordained our 
second class oi vocational deacons this 
past fall, and deacons are serving in pri- 
son ministries with the elderly, among 
the dispossessed from Appalachia who 
have come to our diocese, with stu- 
dent counseling, urban work and many 
other outreach ministries. 

Our Christian Social Ministries Com- 
mission is actively engaged in hun- 
dreds of ways both here and abroad. 
You should be very proud of its work. 
As the Rev. James Lewis begins his 
third year as CSM director, I want to 
assure him of my support and my 
gratitude and affection. There will be 
times of disagreement and differences 
of opinion. But Jim, in his tireless 
way, calls all of us beyond mere talk, 
to action. Never before have as many 
creative and energetic people been 
turned loose in the face of Incredible 
needs, ranging from women's issues 
and farmworkers' rights and needs, to 
concern for and involvement in Cen- 
tral America, the Middle East and 
South Africa. It would be very sad in- 
deed, looking back on this time in the 
life of our diocese, if those who come 
after us saw no involvement with the 

issues of the times. Indeed, to be faith- 
ful stewards of the time and talent and 
treasure God has given us demands 
our involvement. 

We still have more work to do 
on the ACTS campaign. Two of our 
largest congregations had to postpone 
their campaigns because of local con- 
flicts are are only now getting under- 
way. If they can reach their targeted 
goals and if the other pledges are paid, 
we should be at the $4 million mark. 
That leaves us over $1.5 million short 
if we are to realize the full ministry 
made possible by the $6.6 ACTS goal. 

I am convinced that we can ac- 
complish our goal, but we will need 
renewed help from every congregation 
in the diocese. I have asked the clergy 
at our annual clergy conference, and I 
am asking each delegate here, to do 
several things to help achieve our goal. 
Ask those who have pledged to pay 
their pledge now if possible, or, if not, 
as soon as they can. This will give us 
the cash flow to complete the $2.9 
million construction at the Conference 
Center and will keep us from having 
to borrow. Work is going at a rapid 
pace at the Conference Center— that is 
something we can see and use. Equal- 
ly important are the other parts of the 
ACTS plan. New congregations, parish 
grants, outreach ministries and schol- 
arships all wait the successful comple- 
tion of the campaign. 

We have the task, all of us, of en- 
listing those who have not contributed 
to the ACTS campaign. There are those 
who could not give at the particular 
time, who may be able to give now. 
And of course there are newcomers 
who will want to share in the campaign. 
Please share this concern with me and 
do your part to bring our dreams to 
fruition. We can do it, and I believe 
we will. 

Over the nine years I have been a 
bishop, I have served beyond the 
diocese in several ways. At present I 
am in the first year of a six-year ap- 
pointment by Presiding Bishop Brown- 
ing to the national church's Board for 
Theological Education. I also serve on 
the General Convention's Joint Com- 
mission on Health, the Presiding 
Bishop's Select Committee of Bishops 

Delegates approved 1989 budgets of $2,104,219. 

and Deans and as Vice President of 
Province IV. I am on the National 
Advisory Board for Deaf Work, the 
Executive Committee of the Urban 
Bishops' Coalition and the board of 
the General Theological Seminary. In 
North Carolina, I serve as first Vice 
President of the North Carolina Coun- 
cil of Churches and on its Executive 

I am calling on this diocese to join 
with the Presiding Bishop's Fund for 
world Relief and to use Lent this year 
to fast and pray and give. I am asking 
our congregations to fast in solidarity 
with our brothers and sisters who are 

I am asking for prayers— in this 
year of prayer, prior to the decade of 
evangelism, and am asking you to add 
special prayers for the poor of this 
country and of the world. I am asking 
you to give, over and above your tithe, 
through the Presiding Bishop's Fund 
for World Relief. He has called upon 
us to give with the special intention of 
assisting in the appalling need in Nica- 
ragua, both as a result of the devasta- 
ting hurricane and the poverty and 
suffering brought on by civil war and 
by our country's economic boycott. 

While I believe we can do a great 
deal of good for the poor and dispos- 
sessed by this Lenten observance, I 
will have to say that the symbolic 
witness of a disciplined life style- 
even for the 40 days of Lent— will do 
a great deal for us as well. The 
spiritual testimony of this can be 
powerful, and I challenge each of you 
to make this a Lenten discipline. 

John Snow, in his recent book, has 
said: "We are living in a kind of mean- 
time. It is an interim period, like that 
of Moses and the children of Israel in 
the wilderness, a bit nostalgic for Egypt 
and its familiar captivity, frightened by 
the unfamiliarity and the unpredicta- 
bility and danger of the wilderness, 
and with an increasingly dim view of 
the promised land as time goes by and 
it doesn't appear on the horizon." Per- 
haps this is overstated, for it is, I be- 
lieve, for us a time to show forth the 
power of God's love to all among whom 
we live. It is a time to remind all who 
will listen that this is God's world and 
that He is in it, and that in the mys- 
tery of the Word made flesh, He has 
caused a new light to shine in our hearts 
to give the knowledge of his glory in 
the face of Jesus Christ our Lord. • 

Vest / from page 1 

in Durham. The chief consecrator at 
thai service was the Most Rev. John 
M. Allin, the church's presiding bishop 
at the time. 

As suffragan, Vest has shared visi- 
tation responsibilities with Bishop 
Robert Estill. He has overseen the 
ordination process of diocesan semi 
narians, worked with the Companion 
Diocese relationship with Belize and 

with college chaplains and shared 
with Bishop Estill pastoral respon- 
sibility for clergy and their families. 

Vest is a board member of the 
Appalachian People's Service Organi- 
zation (APSO), a trustee of the Uni- 
versity of the South, a member of the 
National Commission on Social and 
Specialized Ministries and a member 
of the General Convention's Joint Stand- 
ing Committee on Nominations. He is 
also a visiting lecturer at Duke Divini- 

ty School. 

Before being elected suffragan bish- 
op, Vest was rector of Christ Church, 
Charlotte, the diocese's largest parish, 
from 1973 until 1985. During that time, 
he served as president of the Standing 
Committee, member of Executive 
Council and dean of convocation. 

After being ordained deacon in 1962 
and priest in 1963, Vest served as: 
curate at St. John's, Roanoke, and rec- 
tor of Grace Church, Radford, before 

going to Christ Church, Charlotte. 

Born in Salem, Va. on Jan. 5, 1936, 
Vest was graduated from Roanoke Col- 
lege in 1959 and received his Masters 
in Divinity from Virginia Seminary in 
1962. He received an honorary Doctor 
in Divinity from Virginia Seminary in 
1985 and the same degree from the 
University of the South in 1987. 

Vest is married to the former Ann 
Booth Jarvis, and they have three 
children: Nina, Frank and Robert. • 

The Communicant 

Crisis can be an opportunity 

Editor's Note: The following is ex- 
cerpted and adapted from Suffragan 
Bishop Frank H. Vest Jr.'s address to 
diocesan convention. 

By Frank H. Vest Jr. 

Included in my reading during the 
last several months has been John 
Booty's book, The Episcopal Church in 
Crisis. Dr. Booty, a former professor of 
mine at Virginia Seminary and one of 
our most eminent church historians, 
has written a very significant account 
and historical analysis of the last 40 
years in the Episcopal Church. As I 
read this, I had a great sense of deja 
vu, because it really is my history in 
the Episcopal Church. 

I recollected, as I read and thought 
and prayed about this book, that the 
Chinese character for "crisis" is in ac- 
tuality a combination of two characters, 
one meaning "danger" and the other 
meaning "oppportunity." 

Also, as I read this history, and 
recollected the various crises through 
which we have passed and are pass- 
ing, some favorite lines of T.S. Eliot's 
"Little Gidding" from Four Quartets 
kept coming to my mind: 

What we call the beginning is often the 

And to make an end is to make a 

The end is where we start from — 

With the drawing of this love, and the 

Of this calling, we shall not cease from 

And the end of all our exploring, will 
be to arrive 

Where we started and know the place 
for the first time. 

The book of Ecclesiastes declares 
that there is "nothing new under the 
sun." In some ways, I agree with that 
very much. History does tend to re- 
peat itself, and our experiences of the 
people of God seem to have cyclical 
overtones. However, if we deal with 
our history in terms of seeking new 
revelation from a God who is living 
and not dead, then occasionally there 
is something "new under the sun." A 
new life— a new insight— a new breath 
of revelation from the spirit of God. 
Sometimes we "arrive where we start- 
ed and know the place for the first 

One of the ecumenical jokes I heard 
at last fall's LARC conference was this. 
In response to the question, "Where 
do Christian denominations derive 
their authority?', the person question- 
ed said, "Roman Catholics derive their 
authority from the Pope, Protestants 
from the Bible, and Episcopalians from 
the former rector." I trust we Episco- 
palians still derive our authority from 
that place which we have always said 
is the basis of our authority— namely, 

the Holy Scriptures. Every deacon, 
priest or bishop ordained in our church 
makes the following declaration: "I 
solemnly declare that I do believe the 
Holy Scriptures of the Old and New 
Testaments to be the word of God, 
and to contain all things necessary to 

As I thought about Dr. Booty's book, 
as I thought about the life of our 
church in these days, and as I thought 
about this particular convention ad- 
dress, I was particularly struck by the 
Epistle which was appointed for last 
Sunday. You will remember that it 
was a portion of the 12th chapter of 
Paul's letter to a torn and divided con- 
gregation in Corinth— a congregation 
that found itself in the midst of a 

Apparently, some of the people in 
Corinth, in common with some of the 
people in this present day, were afraid 
of diversity, threatened by diversity, 
and saw diversity to be disunity. 

That simply is not the case. As Paul 
said, "If the whole body were an eye, 
where would be the hearing?" The 
eye, on the other hand, cannot say to 
the hand, "I have no need of you," nor 
again the head to the feet, "I have no 
need of you." We need each other, 
and we need each other in our diversi- 
ty, not just in one homogenous and 
homogenized mix. As Paul said much 
more pointedly to the Galatians, "For 
as many of you as were baptized into 
Christ have put on Christ. There is 
neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither 

Convention pages served the 300 delegates. 

significant "crisis." I find the most 
pertinent verse in that rich portion of 
Chapter 12 to be: "Now you are the 
body of Christ and individually mem- 
bers of it." 

I would like to make two observa- 
tions about what I sense Paul to be 
talking about in that 12th chapter of 
Corinthians (and in many other places 
in his epistles) and particularly in 
terms of how I think this biblical pic- 
ture of us as a body has very pertinent 
ramifications for us as the church in 

The first observation has to do with 
the fact that Paul made it very clear 
that diversity would be one of the 
hallmarks of the body of Christ. Paul 
rejoiced in that diversity— and so do I. 

slave nor free, there is neither male 
nor female; for you are all one in 
Christ Jesus." Indeed we are. We are 
diverse, but we are all one in Christ 
Jesus. The richness of the many varie- 
ties of gifts, varieties of service, varie- 
ties of workings, varieties of vocations 
which we bring to this body does not 
diminish it— indeed, quite the con- 
trary: it enriches it. 

Nowhere have I seen this more 
vividly and visually demonstrated than 
at the Lambeth Conference, where the 
greatest variety possible of race, lan- 
guage, culture, political persuasions 
and color gathered. The only element 
missing in our diversity was the pres- 
ence of female bishops— and as of the 
11th of February, in the year of our 

Lord 1989, that will be one more piece 
of diversity woven into the fabric of 
the body of Christ. I invite us not to 
be threatened by our diversity— not to 
be afraid of it or to deplore it— but to 
celebrate it and give thanks to God Al- 
mighty for the gift of a diverse people. 

The second observation which I 
would like to make about the body of 
Christ has to do with what I feel is the 
primary mark of that body, and that is 
the fact that we are first and foremost 
a servant body. Some are called to be 
apostles, some to be prophets, some to 
be evangelists, some to be shepherds 
and teachers— but all are called "for 
the equipment of the saints for the 
work of diakonia, for the upbuilding 
of the body of Christ." (Ephesians 

In I Corinthians 12, Paul's innate 
wisdom recollects the fact that in this 
body of Christ, "If one member suf- 
fers, all suffer together." That is a clear 
physiological truth about these biologi- 
cal bodies of ours. I think it is even 
more true, spiritually and theological- 
ly, that if one portion of the body of 
Christ hurts, we all hurt together. If 
you are hurting, I hurt, too. If the 
body of Christ is hurting in South 
Africa, or Nicaragua, or Moscow, or 
China, then it hurts in Raleigh and 
Greensboro and Haw River and 

That to me is one of the most ex- 
citing things about the beautiful sym- 
bol which the vocational diaconate 
brings to us. Vocational deacons— we 
have eight ordained vocational deacons 
and eight more enrolled in the training 
program— are nerves of the body of 
Christ. They reach throughout the 
body, and out into the world, and tell 
us where the pain is. Now we don't 
always want to hear either that there 
is pain or where it is. We sometimes 
see prophets and messengers as people 
who bring us bad news, when in fact 
they are lovers of the first order. The 
nerves of the body of Christ are the 
messengers who tell the rest of the 
body where the pain is located, and 
then help the body marshal its enor- 
mous resources to combat and over- 
come the pain. That is what a servant 
Christ did— that is what a servant 
church does. 

John Booty is right. The Episcopal 
Church has been in crisis; the Episco- 
pal Church continues in crisis. But cri- 
sis doesn't have to be bad news. Crisis 
can simply be God's revelation to us of 
the cutting edge of opportunity to min- 
ister in his name, to minister in and 
through our diversity, to minister in 
and through our assuming the servant 
role of our Lord. 

And the end of all our exploring, will 
be to arrive where we started and know 
the place for the first time. 

Now you are the body of Christ and 
individually members of it! • 

February/March 1989 

Why excellence is not so hot 

By William S. Brettmann 

I'll have to confess at the outset that 
ecclesiastical study documents normal- 
ly do nothing for my adrenalin flow. 
Usually, the verbiage and content are 
a surefire cure for insomnia. 

Not so with a 31-page document en- 
titled Excellence in Ministry: The Per- 
sonal and Professional Needs of the 
Clergy of the Episcopal Church. This is 
the result of a year-long project involv- 
ing interviews with 20 "experienced" 
bishops and "several" groups of clergy. 
Also involved were a selection of 
church leaders and "experts in clergy 
development." The booklet is publish- 
ed by the Episcopal Church Founda- 
tion in collaboration with the Alban 

My adrenalin began pumping with 
the title itself. 

One look at the pairing of "excel- 
lence" and "clergy" and I suspected 
this would be one of those reports 
which in themselves— by their choice 
of language and use of ideas— would 
tell far more about the state of the 
church than their findings ever could. 

Excellence in ministry. 

It must be admitted that the word 
excellence certainly commands our at- 
tention. Partridge's etymological dic- 
tionary says that it derives from a Latin 
verb meaning "to rise above." My desk 
dictionary equates excellence with su- 
periority. Rising above the common 
herd, transcending the ordinary. Who 
can knock it? 

Christians, that's who. 

Excellence, however commendable a 
criterion it might be, is not now, nor 
has it ever been, a Christian virtue. 

Excellence is about upward mobility, 
and upward mobility is, I would 
guess, a far cry from what Christianity 
is all about. This religion of deity in- 
carnate, of the first who becomes the 
last and of the last who becomes first, 
is, if anything, curiously downwardly 
mobile in a distinctly counter-cultural 

More etymology: In Greek, the 
word for excellence is arete, which my 
New Testament Greek lexicon tells me 
is a "word of wide significance in non- 
Christian ethics." The Christian scrip- 
tures give us only one citation for 
arete— the first chapter of the Second 
Epistle of Peter, where the word is us- 
ed with reference to God. The reason 
for this reluctance to say much about 
excellence probably has something to 
do with the centrality of the Cross, 
which is more a sign of failing than of 

Once past the title, I turned to the 
contents of Excellence in Ministry. 
There I found a section on "Images of 
Excellence in Ministry," among which 
images were listed "health" and "pro- 
fessionalism." A healthy person in the 

clergy is identified as someone who 
"feels good about self, knows limita- 
tions and strengths, is growing, risks 
and explores, has a sense of humor, 
enjoys work, cares about people, is 
nondefensive." Under profes- 
sionalism, there is talk of "strong egos 
and self-images, self-confidence, being 
tough, durable, aggressive, and 

Enough said. All that language is 
perfectly acceptable in the vocabu- 
lary of West Coast psychobabble or in 
promotional brochures for the U.S. 
Marines or Outward Bound. But it is 
not the preferred language of Chris- 
tians, some of whom for at least four 
centuries publicly avowed that "there 
is no health in us." One of my friends 
was once given a hard time by a 
diocesan Commission on Ministry, 
because he was said to have appeared 
depressed. Apparently depression was 
judged to be a shamelessly unhealthy 

of going to the office and listening to 
one more tale of real or imagined woe 
has simply been unbearable. Such 
days as these avowedly "unhealthy" 
ones simply are the lot of those of us 
who belong to the species homo sapiens, 
living it out for better and for worse, 
in sickness and in health. 

If the assumptions about ministry 
which are made in this quasi-official 
document are not derived from the 
mainstream of Christian thought (as I 
think they are not), what then are the 
origins of these notions and of the 
values which lie behind them? To me, 
the clue to answering that question lies 
within the last quarter-century or so 
during which I have been ordained. 

In the late 1940s and '50s, the gen- 
eration who had known "no atheists in 
foxholes" flocked to the churches with 
their families in tow. Churches in 
many urban areas experienced rapid 
growth and an ecclesiastical building 

Author says neither technology nor management will save us. 

attribute for ministers. I reminded him 
of Walker Percy's words to depressives 
in Lost in the Cosmos: 

You are depressed because you have 
every reason to be depressed .... You 
live in a deranged age— more deranged 
than usual, because despite great scien- 
tific and technological advances, man has 
not the faintest idea of who he is or what 
he is doing. . . You are depressed because 
you should be. You are entitled to your 
depression. In fact, you'd be deranged if 
you were not depressed. 

Indeed, now that I think about it, 
some of the best times in my own 
ministry— when I have been least cock- 
sure and only mildly insufferable- 
have been those times when I didn't 
feel very good about my "self" at all, 
and when I was pretty hazy about my 
limitations and strengths. There have 
been more days than I care to remem- 
ber when I haven't had the courage to 
take risks, when no one could make 
me laugh, and on which the thought 

boom to accommodate the baby- 
boomers in new parish educational 
facilities. In these years, the social role 
accorded clergy, especially those in 
parishes, was not unlike that conferred 
upon doctors and lawyers: people who 
were educated professionals whom 
society seemed to value as leaders of a 
growing and influential institution. 
By the very early '60s, subtle but 
significant changes had occurred in the 
churches and in the perceptions of the 
clergy's role held both by society and 
by the clergy themselves. Many of the 
mainstream denominations (including 
the Episcopal Church) experienced a 
leveling-off in growth and, in some 
cases, a decline in numbers. When I 
joined the ordained ranks in 1962, an 
increasing number of clergy were ex- 
periencing a vocational identity crisis. 
We were no longer quite so sure what 
we were on the scene to do which 
others in the society weren't also do- 
ing or doing better. Many of my con- 

temporaries hung out their shingles as 
pastoral counselors; still others joined 
the Peace Corps or became urban 
sociologists of one kind or another. 

During the first few years of the 
70s, therapeutic models of clerical 
leadership began to be replaced by 
organization development models. Some 
of us started to see ourselves as man- 
agement consultants to the church; for 
a few months in 1972, I even started 
collecting back issues of the Harvard 
Business Review so that I could become 
au courant with the newest language of 
ecclesial excellence. Church think- 
tanks such as the Alban Institute were 
born during this period of reverence 
for the gurus of corporate management. 

The last years of the 70s and yup- 
pified '80s saw a swing away from the 
church's earlier social activism and 
emphasis on organization. Now we 
who were ordained saw that our uni- 
que role in life had to do with the in- 
ner life of the spirit. We who had 
been counselors, T-Group leaders and 
O.D. consultants now sought training 
as spiritual directors (for "directors" 
after all enjoy social importance). Gen- 
eral Seminary in New York started a 
master's program in spiritual direction, 
and centers for training in meditation 
such as Shalem in Washington came 
into being. 

There are common themes running 
through this brief history of the crisis 
in clerical identity. An unstated as- 
sumption would seem to be that society 
places little value on being "mere" 
pastors, priests, or preachers. It is nec- 
essary to be an expert, and one who 
has mastered a tool-kit of techniques 
and technologies. Even Billy Graham, 
that least trendy of all clerics, has suc- 
cumbed to the temptation to produce a 
how-to book on prayer. More sophisti- 
cated technicians of the sacred employ 
the Myers-Brigg Type Indicator as a 
guide to the style of prayer best suited 
to a particular personality. 

The love affair with technology 
and the adoration of technicians was 
spawned by Western industrialism and 
enshrined in corporate business institu- 
tions. There is a strong gnostic cast to 
this love, for gnosticism in its ancient 
as well as contemporary manifesta- 
tions (from the Greek gnosis, meaning 
"intellectual knowledge") has always 
revered the mastery of a body of 
knowledge as the key to salvation (or, 
in secular language, "success"). What 
we are seeing in the traditional Ameri- 
can churches' anxieties about the worth 
of ministers and the compensating 
drive to technologize ministry is, in fact, 
a desperate embrace of Christianity's 
earliest rival, the religion of gnosticism, 
now speaking not in mythical but in 
technical tongues. 

No, excellence is not a Christian vir- 
tue. The virtue par excellence for Chris- 
tians, ordained or not, is faithfulness 


The Communicant 

Love animated by the Holy Spirit 

By Claudius Miller 

Henry Rightor died from cardiac ar- 
rest at breakfast in the dining room of 
Goodwin House, the Episcopal retire- 
ment center in Alexandra, Va., on 
Thursday, Dec. 15, 1988, at the age of 
78. It was just as well. Breakfast was 
not his favorite meal, and the arthritis 
that had bent his once splendid frame 
almost in half had also taken the 
starch out of the jauntiness that had 
stiffened the spines of many. As Auden 
wrote of Yeats, "He disappeared in the 
dead of winter. . .it was his last after- 
noon as himself. . .he became his ad- 

Forty years ago, Henry left All 
Saints' in Atlanta to accept a call as 
rector of Christ Church, Charlotte. In 
1949, Christ Church was just another 
nondescript surburban congregation 
living its postwar life in a Quonset hut. 
In the seven years that Henry was its 
rector, the parish built the magnificent 
Georgian church that distinguishes that 
congregation to this day. It had also 
grown into the largest parish in the 
diocese. There are still people driving 
up and down Charlotte's Providence 
Road who will tell you that they 
remember the day that they took 
Henry Rightor as their lord and savior. 

For a rector whose legacy in this 
diocese would seem to be that of 
Master Builder, Henry's daily work 
routine was deceptively relaxed. He 
was a man of deliberate gait, economy 
of gesture, courtly manners, extraor- 
dinary attention to habiliment (Brooks 
Brothers, usually sans plastic collar), 
and palpable respect for each and 
everyone that he met. He would 
usually arrive at his office, answer the 
mail, return accumulated telephone 
calls, and coax the parish administra- 
tion. Towards noon, he would repair 
for lunch at a downtown club. On his 
way home in the middle of the after- 
noon, he would make hospital calls. 
Until his assistant arrived for a daily 
consultation late in the afternoon, 
Henry napped. (He once challenged 
an assistant who was always on the 

go and never home or at rest. "Did it 
ever occur to you," he asked, "that 
the Jesus Christ that you race around 
telling all of those people that He loves 
them, also loves and cares about you?") 
Henry sauntered through the day in 
conversation. Whether at the filling 
station, grocery store, parish office, 
post office, or university club, he 
taught and lived the Gospel as he 
passed the time of day. In that, he was 
like Jesus, moving from one place to 
another in a natural liturgical proces- 
sion through the errands of day, mak- 
ing sense out of life and religion for 

The Rev. Henry Rightor 

others in a language and at a place of 
their choosing. Henry never had an 
aimless conversation with anyone. He 
elevated your sense of yourself by tak- 
ing your words more seriously than 
you did, with wit, patience, a judicious 
seasoning of joyous vulgarity, and a 
fine intelligence that had been honed 
(but not made haughty) at the Hill 
School, Princeton, and Harvard Law. 
One afternoon in late autumn, an 
assistant who had been taken on the 
summer before arrived for his daily 
consultation only to find Henry in an 
unaccustomed agitation because some 

parishioners had subjected him to a 
harangue as to why the young assistant 
had to do all of the calling and the rec- 
tor was never in the vineyard. Henry 
knew that the assistant's zeal in knocking 
on doors was not altogether an expres- 
sion of his overflowing love of Christ: 
It was a sign of professional panic. 

When the assistant had arrived in 
the parish, Henry had deliberately 
given him no formal description of the 
work that was expected of him. Since 
the age of five, the assisstant had spent 
all of his life in school where his daily 
agenda was set by others. At a loss as 
to how to invent and assume the con- 
sequences of a day's work, he took a 
natural turn: He sought approval by 
responding to that regressive impulse 
in some laity to have holy, innocent, 
and needful clergy knocking on their 
front doors without due cause. (Henry 
used to quote one of his mentors who 
described a neighboring clergyman as 
one who "went around his parish 
shoving bottles of warm milk into peo- 
ple's mouths.") 

Henry began this Assistant's Hour 
by saying that "if you want to be 
elected "the most popular boy in 
Baltimore County," that was all right 
with Henry. He would not contest the 
title. However, before the young man 
was crowned, Henry wanted him to 
know something: 

In 1936, Henry had run for the state 
legislature in Arkansas. His opponent 
was a young man who had been crip- 
pled by polio. Because of his disabili- 
ty, the young man was driven by his 
father from town to town, crossroad 
to crossroad, in the back of a pickup 
truck. When the time came for 
Henry's opponent to make his cam- 
paign speech, the young man's father 
would lift him out of his wheelchair 
and stand behind him, his arms under 
his son's armpits, the young man's in- 
ert legs dangling in iron leg braces. 
With Franklin Roosevelt at the height 
of his popularity, there was no greater 
asset for a political candidate than the 
leg braces that are the Combat Infan- 
tryman's Badge of the polio wars. 

Having told his assistant this, Henry 

looked him straight in the eye and 
said, "When you get elected as the most 
popular boy in Baltimore County, I 
want you to remember that I beat that 
boy in Arkansas and if I took a mind 
to, I could beat you, too!" Thus, Henry 
explained that the growth of parsons is 
from the inside of them out, and of all 
of the mediums of exchange between 
clergy and laity, popularity is the poorest. 

Henry was to the Episcopal Church 
as E.B. White (1899-1982) was to 
American prose. Both of them were 
unabashed realists and story tellers 
(see White's essay, "The Death of a 
Pig"), given to lean and clear expres- 
sion, keen and ready to poke a little 
gentle fun, at the same time possess- 
ing an earthy and sophisticated affec- 
tion for this world and all that therein 
is. At the heart of Henry's understan- 
ding of the Gospel was the love that is 
animated by the Holy Spirit. ("The 
most democratic member of the Trini- 
ty," said he). 

Henry was impelled to expose 
himself to ridicule by joining the move- 
ment for the ordination of women at 
its unfashionable beginnings. "It was 
out of love for my three daughters. 
One day I realized that they couldn't 
have the two experiences that I value 
most. They couldn't go to Princeton 
and they couldn't serve in the clergy of 
the church that I love. I could not be a 
priest in a church where the people I 
love most in the world were not equal." 

A friend of mine with whom I 
shared the refining fire of Henry's 
tutelage over the decades wrote recent- 
ly, "I was aware that every one-liner 
that I know ('I never heard a bad ser- 
mon from my own pulpit'), I learned 
from Henry and more, much more. 
Time and again, years later, and surely 
until I die, I hear his voice when I am 
at my most spontaneous and alive. And 
I know what it means to be a part of 
one another and I am very grateful. 
He was a father in ways I could never 
have hoped." Amen. Amen. Amen. • 

The Rev. Claudius Miller, of Pittsboro, 
was rector of St. Mark's, Mecklenburg 
County, from 1954-1957. 

and the belief that God is faithful to a 
faithless world, and that such faithful- 
ness that sustains us through dicey 
days is a gift of the divine faith in and 
for us. 

To cite the importance of faithful- 
ness for Christian life and ministry, 
however, really isn't enough. It's a lit- 
tle like the popular uses of "sincerity" 
and "sincere." When someone tells me 
that so-and-so is "a really sincere per- 
son," my usual response is, "So was 
Hitler." Likewise with faithfulness. 
Hitler was faithful to the goals of the 
Third Reich. We don't commend him 

for that. So we have to ask to what or 
to whom are we faithful, for that 
makes all the difference. 

It seems to me that Christians are 
beckoned to be faithful to our own vi- 
sion of Wonderland, which the New 
Testament calls the Kingdom. St. 
Augustine called it the City of God; 
Jews, Christians, and Muslims alike 
have agreed in referring to it as the 
Heavenly Banquet. It is the vision not 
of things-as-they-are but of an alter- 
native order of things. It is a stubborn 
persistence in seeing that there is 
another way of ordering the life of 

creation and that way impinges upon 
the way it is now. 

A few days before Christmas, I was 
deeply moved by seeing an exhibit of 
Northwestern Indian shaman's masks. 
They were strange, wonderful, and 
even frightening representations of 
seabirds, eagles, bears, and creatures 
from a world different from the one we 
know. The shamar in wearing the 
mask, knows that ne or she is not of 
that world, but the shaman represents 
the realm of the spirits, an alternative 
vision of reality. I couldn't help but 
think that the offering of that alterna- 

tive vision is exactly what the church 
and the ministry are intended to offer, 
and so often sadly give us back only a 
vision of what we expect or want. The 
faithful minister, regardless of health, 
technical expertise, or managerial abili- 
ty, is the minister who wears the 
mask of the Heavenly Banquet and in- 
vites us, however fleetingly, into its 
strangeness, wonders, and terrors. • 

The Rev. William S. Brettmann is Epis- 
copal chaplain to North Carolina State 
University and director of continuing 
education for the diocese. 

February/March 1989 

Summary of convention action 

Elected at convention 

Diocesan Council 

Lay Order - 3 years 

Joseph S. Ferrell, Chapel of the Cross, 
Chapel Hill; Cheston V. Mottershead, 
Good Shepherd, Rocky Mount; Law- 
rence A. Tomlinson, Christ Church, 

1 year 

John Thomas, St. Stephen's, Durham. 

Clerical Order 

The Rev. Fred Thompson, Emmanuel, 
Southern Pines; the Rev. David R. 
Williams, Holy Comforter, Burlington. 

Note: After convention ended, the 
Rev. William Poulos resigned for health 
reasons. The council thereupon elected 
the Rev. Douglas Remer, Calvary, Tar- 
boro, to complete Poulos' term. 

Conference Center 
Board of Directors 

Lay Order 

James O. Arthur, St. Stephen's, Ox- 
ford; William Bryant, Emmanuel, 
Southern Pines; Austin H. Carr, St. 
Paul's, Winston-Salem. 

Clerical Order 

The Rev. Julie Clarkson, St. 
Christopher's, High Point; the Rev. 
Dudley Colhoun, St. Paul's, Winston- 
Salem; the Rev. Robert Haden, St. 
John's, Charlotte; the Rev. David 

Sweeney, Church of the Messiah, 
Rockingham, and All Saints', Hamlet. 

Standing Committee 

Lay Order 

June G. Gregory, Holy Trinity, 

Clerical Order 

The Rev. G. Kenneth G. Henry, Holy 
Comforter, Charlotte; the Rev. Robert 
C. Johnson Jr., St. Luke's, Durham. 

Penick Home 
Board of Director 

E.E. Carter, Christ Church, Raleigh; 
William P. Davis, Emmanuel, 
Southern Pines; Bette Hanham, St. 
Mary Magdalene, Troy; Mrs. Peter L. 
Katavolos, Emmanuel, Southern Pines; 
Mrs. M. Eugene Motsinger Jr., 
Galloway Memorial, Elkin; Francis I. 
Parker, Christ Church, Charlotte; 
Charles W. Pickney, Church of the 
Redeemer, Greensboro; the Rev. 
Robert Lee Sessum, All Saints', Con- 
cord; Richard E. Thigpen Jr., Christ 
Church, Charlotte; Paul Wright Jr., St. 
Stephen's, Durham. 

University of the South 
Board of Trustees 

The Rev. Paul Martin, St. John's, 

Resolutions passed 

The 173rd annual diocesan convention 
passed the following resolutions: 

- Supporting and affirming the election 
of the Rev. Barbara Harris as Suffra- 
gan Bishop of Massachusetts. 

- Urging political candidates to conduct 
campaigns of honesty and integrity. 

- Calling the people of the diocese to 
take advantage of the offerings of St. 
John's House, Durham and to support 
the house's ministry. 

- Encouraging all congregations to use 
the Pastoral Concerns Committee on 
Homosexuality to help with open and 
non-judgmental discussion of human 

- Calling for a committee to develop 
inclusive language for use in diocesan 
publications, preaching, teaching and 

other verbal communications. 

- Instructing the Education and Train- 
ing Commission and the Commission 
on Marriage to work together on ac- 
tivities to celebrate and strengthen the 
Christian family. 

- Supporting legislation prohibiting dis- 
crimination against people with AIDS. 

- Supporting humane services for per- 
sons with mental illness. 

- Supporting efforts to make birth con- 
trol measures and sex education avail- 
able wherever needed. 

- Affirming youth work in the diocese 
and calling for full inclusion of youth 
in the full life of parishes and the 

- Accepting the apostolic action plan 
of General Convention designating the 

1990s as "A Decade of Evangelism." 

- Opposing execution of the mentally 
ill and retarded. 

- Joining General Convention in oppos- 
ing the spending of billions of dollars 
for the Strategic Defensive Initiative. 

- Requesting the bishop and Diocesan 
Council to appoint a personnel com- 
mittee of the council to prepare a 
guide on salary and benefits for clergy 
and lay employees of the diocese, con- 
gregations and related institutions. 

- Establishing the North Carolina Asso- 
ciation of Episcopal Schools. 

- Requesting lawmakers to imbue their 
work with a special concern for its ef- 
fect on God's creation. 

- Urging all congregations to do educa- 
tion on land stewardship. 

- Urging everyone in the diocese to 
minimize, or discontinue, use of styro- 
foam and similar non-biodegradable 

- Recognizing 1990 as the bicentennial 
of the diocese and creating a commit- 
tee to arrange a celebration of the event. 

- Discouraging sermons or teachings 
that ridicule or otherwise disparage 
any other parts of the Body of Christ. 

- Encouraging congregations to use ex- 
isting agencies to provide alternatives 
to abortion. 

- Requesting Diocesan Council to allow 
the Stewardship Commission's budget 
to be revised to include Land Steward- 
ship and asking council to give priority 
to funds for land stewardship work 

should such funds become available in 

- Expressing gratitude to the Rev. John 
R. Campbell, of Winston-Salem, for his 
ministry and leadership in the diocese. 

- Congratulating the Alban Institute on 
its 15th anniversary. 

- Holding Bishop Thomas A. Fraser in 
the convention's prayers and thanking 
him for his ongoing ministry and that 
of his wife Marge. 

- Calling for a standing vote of ap- 
preciation for the Greensboro-area 
churches, the city of Greensboro and 
the Asbury Methodist Church for help 
in holding the convention. 

Among the resolutions that did not 
pass were ones: 

- Opposing restriction of religious 
teaching in church day care programs 
receiving federal funds. 

- Calling for the diocese to pray speci- 
fically for the protection of Operation 
Rescue people in their anti-abortion 

- Condemning religious interference 
against the Christian Church by ungod- 
ly forces. 

- Calling for removal of legal restrictions 
on AIDS testing and identification. 

Editor's Note: Full texts of resolutions 
approved will be published in the 
Diocesan Journal. Anyone wishing in- 
formation on convention action on 
resolutions may call the Ven. Neff 
Powell at (919) 787-6313. 

1989 budgets 

Episcopal Maintenance Fund 


1989 Budget 



Approved by 



$ 68,844 



Bishop Salary/Housing 

$ 72,286 


Bishop Travel 




Suffragan Bishop Salary/Housing 




Suffragan Bishop Travel 




Secretary of Diocese Salary 




Treasurer/Business Administrator Salary 




Treasurer/Business Administrator Travel/Prof. Expense 




Archivist Salary 




Archivist Travel 




Archives Special Supplies 




Support Staff 




Pension/Social Security 




Life/Medical/Dental Insurance 




Support Staff Prof. Training 




Worker's Compensation Insurance 




Diocesan House Telephone 




Diocesan House Utilities 




Diocesan House Office Supplies 




Diocesan House Postage 




The Communicant 

21 Diocesan House Equipment Purchase/Replace/Repair 

22 Diocesan House Computer Service 

23 Diocesan House Maintenance 

24 Diocesan House Building Repairs/Renovations 

25 Property/Liability Insurance 

26 Diocesan Journal 

27 Audit 

28 Diocesan Council 

29 Standing Committee 

30 Chancellor Expense 

31 Constitution and Canons 

32 Commission on Admission of Congregations 

33 Convocation Deans/Wardens Expense 

34 Commission on Ministry 

35 Convention Expense 

36 Surety Bond 

37 Special Grant (Mrs. Penick) 

38 General Convention Assessment 

39 General Convention Deputies and Retired Bishop 

40 Contingent Fund 



Church Assessments 
Long-Term Investment Income 
Other Trust Income 


Church's Program Fund 














Christian Social Min. Director Salary/Housing 
Christian Social Min. Director Travel 
Christian Social Min. Program Funds 
Program Director Salary/Housing 
Program Director Travel 
Other Program Funds 
Communication Officer Salary 
Communication Officer Travel 
Publication: The Communicant 

Co-ordinator to Deaf Salary 
Co-or's - Soc. Sec/Insurance 
Missioner & Co-or. to Deaf Travel 
Missioner to Deaf Program Funds 
Missioner to Deaf Trust Funds 
TOTAL Missioner to Deaf Funds 

Support Staff 

Program Fund Pension/Social Security 

Life/Medical/Dental Insurance 

UNC-Greensboro Chaplain Salary/Housing 
UNC-Greensboro Support Staff 
UNC-Greensboro Pension/lnsurance/Soc. Sec. 
UNC-Greensboro Program Funds 
UNC-Greensboro Operating Expenses 

NC State Univ. Chaplain Salary/Housing 
NC State Univ. Pension/Insurance 
NC State Univ. Program Funds 






















$ 46,291 


































Duke Chaplain Salary/Housing 
Duke Pension/Insurance 
Duke Program Funds 
Duke Operating Expense 

29 Winston-Salem Chaplain Salary/Housing 

Winston-Salem Chaplain Pension/Insurance 
Winston- Salem Program Funds 

A&T College 
Bennett College 
St. Andrew's College 
NC Central University 
UNC-Chapel Hill 

Charlotte Chaplain Salary/Housing 
Charlotte Pension/Insurance 
Charlotte Program/Travel 

41 College Chaplains Conference 
TOTAL College Budget 






Mission Church Assistance 




Parochial Mission Assistance 




Paro. Miss. Ass't. undesignated Fund Balance offset 



Commissions and Committees; 






Christian Education & Training 



Clergy Deployment 




Continuing Education 


Continuing Education Trust Fund offset 


Companion Diocese 


Deacons Training Program 

1989 Budget 


Ecumenical Relations 


Approved by 


Evangelism & Renewal 





$ 36,458 

$ 38,099 


Liturgy & Worship 




Planed Giving 




Planned Giving Trust Fund Offset 




Small Church 








Women's Issues 




Youth Co-ordinator Salary 




Youth Co-ordinator Soc. Sec. 




Youth Co-ordinator Travel 


Youth Program Funds 

$ 12,000 



Youth Trust Fund Offset 




( 6,000) 

$ 16,986 

( 6,000) 



NC Episcopal Church Foundation 
Parish Grant 


Miscellaneous Committee Expense 
Moving Clergy 
Conference Center 

$ 51,383 

$ 53,627 


Appalachian People's Service Organization 




NC Council of Churches 




Province IV 


National Church Program 

$ 30,779 

$ 32,241 









$ 57,309 

$ 58,258 

Church Quota 

Long-Term Investment Income 

$ 30 779 

$ 32164 

Other Trust Income 


8 907 




Undesignated Fund Bal & Other Income 

$ 48,092 


$ 32,080 

$ 33,591 







$ 56,609 

$ 59,059 

$ 29,828 

$ 31,170 





$ 46,889 

$ 49,236 

$ 2,400 

$ 2,400 









$ 29,154 

$ 30,466 





$ 46,116 

$ 48,668 

$ 1,500 

$ 1,650 







( 28,500) 

( 28,500) 










































( 1,000) 

































February/March 1989 



My week with Barbara Harris 

Editor's Note: On Feb. 11, Barbara 
Harris become the first woman bishop 
in the Anglican Communion. One of 
the participants in Harris' ordination 
and consecration in Boston was the 
Rev. Betsee Parker, a transitional 
deacon in this diocese. Parker is assis- 
tant to the rector at St. Matthew's, 
Hillsborough, and shares a prison min- 
istry with the Rev. James B. Craven III 
at the Federal Correctional Institution 
in Butner. 

By Betsee Parker 

Following her passionate consecration 
in Boston Feb. 11, I had the unique op- 
portunity as deacon in residence to 
follow the Rt. Rev. Barbara Harris and 
Bishop David Johnson of Massachu- 
setts all day long throughout an exhila- 
rating, exhausting work week. The ex- 
citement of the consecration aside, the 
work of bishops and of the diocese 
must go on, full speed ahead. But for 
me it was an especially treasured 
week, because I was able to validate 
first-hand for myself what I already 
suspected from reading about Barbara: 
She brings to her office as bishop solid 

sonal assistant, Kathy Justis, who was 
hurriedly answering all the ringing 
phones, working on a word processor 
and opening stacks of mail all at the 
same time that bouquets of congratula- 
tory flowers were being delivered. 

I think Barbara could have used a 
team of administrative assistants 
because of her celebrity status. In fact, 
her elevation to suffragan bishop has 
caused the entire diocesan staff to be 
flooded with letters and gifts from 
well-wishers throughout the world. 
Nevertheless, I was impressed with 
Barbara's determination to get on with 
the business of life as a bishop. Being 
a celebrity was not her priority— being 
an effective pastor and administrator 
for her people was. 

I couldn't help but notice that her 
style of working is to usually leave her 
office door open so that she and the 
staff can experience an easy openness 
about each other. She passed through 
the office areas that first morning set- 
ting beautiful bouquets here and there 
for all to enjoy. As she did this, she 
bothered to greet and chat with the 
bishop's support staff, every last 
worker from custodians to secretaries 
to administrators to Bishop Johnson. 

The new bishop just after consecration. 

business-world competencies, coupled 
with a deep, caring, giving pastoral 
touch. I was very impressed by what I 
saw and heard. 

Monday began her office work- 
week with a whirlwind of activity. She 
checked in bright and early and was 
raring to go. I glanced over at her per- 

The message was clear: She intends to 
be a warm, loving, approachable 

Back to the office to answer her end- 
less phone calls, read her mail, sched- 
ule parish visits, committee meetings, 
interviews with Ebony magazine, news- 
papers, radio shows and— KNOCK! 

KNOCK! Bishop Johnson stands at the 
open door calling, "C'mon, Barbara, 
the Episcopal Church Women are 
downstairs waiting to meet you." She 
promptly goes off to meet them. Half 
an hour later, she is back to her office 
tending to business matters, a quick 
cup of tea and more committee meet- 
ings. The rest of the day passes no less 
frenetically, and at 5 when others can 
call it a day, she moves on to a Stand- 
ing Committee meeting with Bishop 

One after another of the Standing 
Committee members cries as they re- 
count what the powerful experience of 
Barbara's consecration meant to them. 
One pastor tells her of his experiences 
in working with Martin Luther King 
and how she has been just as inspira- 
tional to him. Tears flow freely from 
his eyes as he describes how the Holy 
Spirit was present for him. Several 
other committee members begin blink- 
ing back tears, and I start to weep 
silently. Barbara thanks all the com- 
mittee members for their support. 
Then she tells of the great team spirit 
which she and Bishop Johnson and 
Assistant Bishop-elect David Birney 
have and of their vision for a strength- 
ened, empowered church. She is arti- 
culate and clear. 

The business of the day was discuss- 
ed and, finally, dinner arrived. As we 
made our way past the buffet table, I 
noticed a small black woman in uni- 
form serving up the meal to committee 
members. Her name was Lovey, and 
she had worked for the diocese in this 
capacity for many years. When Bar- 
bara Harris came through the line, she 
reached over to thank Lovey for the 
nice meal. All at once the woman em- 
braced Barbara, telling her how much 
it meant to her that Barbara, a black 
woman like her, was now one of her 
bishops. She wept and wept as Barbara 
soothed her. I stood there watching 
this moment in time, pondering how 
God had chosen to lay the heaviness of 
the ages upon this bishop's shoulders- 
how God had known throughout all 
time that this was to be the first wom- 
an bishop. I thanked God for Barbara 

As we ate our meals, there was still 
plenty of diocesan business to hash 
over, so we pressed forward. When the 
day finally came to a close, both bish- 
ops looked exhausted. I know I was. 

The days that followed were no dif- 
ferent. Barbara would arrive early, 
looking perky and ready to go, amidst 
ringing telephones, paperwork, unex- 
pected visitors, clergy meetings, staff 
meetings, farewell luncheons and 
regional gatherings in parishes. I heard 
her offering direction, making sugges- 
tions and articulating plans for building 
together a solid diocese. I listened to 
her praying with her people. 

I kept seeing a glimmer of Simon of 

The author and Bishop Harris. 

Cyrene in her— the one carrying our 
Lord's heavy cross. 

But on the third day of my week as 
bishop's deacon, I learned a most 
valuable lesson from Barbara. Mid- 
morning, I was standing near the open 
door to her office, reading the Boston 

The Globe story connected Barbara's 
election with Bishop Allison's decision 
to resign. The aritcle implied that he 
had resigned because of her election. 

[Editor's Note: Later, Allison stated 
publicly that his resignation was not 
connected with Harris' election, and 
he wrote her a congratulatory letter.) 

The elevator door opened behind 
me and she stepped out. As is her cus- 
tom, she called out a good-morning in 
her deep, soothing voice. She glanced 
at my paper. 

"What are you reading?" she asked. 

"The Bishop of South Carolina has 
resigned," I said. Bishop Fitzsimmons 
Allison had led the opposition to Bar- 
bara's ordination and consecration. I 
was angry at the Bishop of South 
Carolina, someone who barely knew 
Barbara. I thought angrily of all I'd 
like to tell him of what I'd seen of 
Barbara's loving pastoral style and her 
quick mind and intellectual capabilities. 

But her voice jarred me out of my 
angry thoughts: 

"How very, very sad," she said. 
Then she reflected on how she wished 
it hadn't come to this— she was truly 
sorry he was resigning. The heavy 
look in her eyes made my heart sink. I 
got the feeling that if the bishop had 
been there sitting with us, she would 
have hugged him and wept. 

I thanked God for Barbara Harris. I 
believe she showed me that day the 
true meaning of the spirit of Angli- 
canism. • 


The Communicant 

A Sunbeam sees the darkness 

By Suzanne Britt 

When I was a cute little Sunbeam in 
Sunny School at the First Baptist 
Church, I was highly suspicious of 
prayer. Nothing I asked for ever came 
true, and I was a pretty parsimonious 
petitioner. I didn't ask for a shiny red 
tricycle or black patent-leather Mary 
Janes or a treehouse or a Betsy-Wetsy 
baby doll or the moon. I just wished 
my mother had somebody to do the 
ironing so she wouldn't have to cry at 
the ironing board every night. I wish- 
ed my grandmother's breath wouldn't 
stop between snores so she wouldn't 
die a thousand deaths between twilight 
and dawn. I wished I was a little less 
chubby so I wouldn't get prickly heat 
in the summer. I wished I could stay 
at the beach an extra week so my par- 
ents would stay tanned and relaxed 
and patient and nice just a little longer. 
But Mother kept on sobbing at the iron- 
ing board; Grandmother's snores grew, 
as the years passed, even more irregular, 
stopping my heart with each intermi- 
nable interval; my prickly heat worsen- 
ed as my fat cells inexorably multiplied; 
and my parents grumpily packed us up 
and took us back home, there to snap 
to, shape up and face the discordant 
music of hard work and no play. 

I asked my Sunny School teacher 
why God didn't answer prayers. She 
was all ready for me and my pesky 
kind, corseted and fully convinced that 
God could do no wrong. "God always 
answers prayers," she sweetly intoned, 
"but sometimes the answer is 'NO.'" 
Even a Sunbeam's light can flicker 
amid such ominous assertions. What 
kind of God would wish for Mother's 
tears of exhaustion, a little girl's prick- 
ly heat, the terrifying brush with death 
in Grandmother's late-night snores? It 
occurred to me then, as it occurs to 
me now, that if God is good, then God 
doesn't say No, and certainly not to a 
reasonable request. I stuck out my lip 
and dared to debate a bit more with 
the teacher. And she was ready again, 
saying we can't know all God's ways, 
we don't always know what we need, 
maybe God was testing us, maybe I 
didn't have enough faith. And besides, 
she added, what was my small request 
in the span of time, the space of the 
universe? Well, Santa Claus, to my 
mind, did better, on the whole, in the 
wish-fulfillment department. If Santa 
Claus didn't bring me everything I 
ask- ed for, he at least managed to 
leave me one or two of my choices 
under the tree. And two out of five 
wasn't bad. 

I grew up and began to call my wish- 
es prayers. The prayers were often 
groans, sometimes curses, occasionally 
vast aches, long yearnings, incessant 
tears, deep hurts, sharp pains. I talked 
to God all day. "Please God," I said as 

February/March 1989 

I did my 30-minute walk every morn- 
ing. And a dog barked, "Not a chance, 
kiddo." I sat in the pew and rattled off 
the names of every enemy, every friend, 
every beloved: Remove the pain, lift 
the heart, supply the courage, clear 
the path, open the heavens, send the 
peace, keep the faith. And a preacher 
chirped and warbled the assurances of 
God's care, God's tenderness, God's 

is trying to help me hear, see, pray on 
the proper wavelength. And the evi- 
dence is strong, at least in the pages of 
Guideposts, that God is carrying on 
some very fascinating conversations 
with a large portion of humankind. 
The God of Guideposts speaks in com- 
plete sentences, telling this golfer to chip 
rather than putt, suggesting that this 
housewife bottle her barbecue sauce 

forgiveness, God's purpose in our lives. 
I watched small smiles play on the lips 
of some of the churchgoers. Others 
nodded. Others squared their shoulders, 
tucked in their sagging abdomens, jut- 
ted out their chins, and turned briskly 
through the hymnal to the correct page. 
I still sat there, idiot child, half deaf, 
half blind, half sick with desire. 

I have become a canny student of 
prayer, with graduate degrees in doubt- 
ing and mumbling. A friend who appar- 
ently hears God speak to her at least 
two or three times daily, in booming, 
elocutionary perfection, gives me a sub- 
scription to Guideposts each year. She 

for the masses and make a million dol- 
lars, commanding this entertainer to 
switch from radio to television or from 
Vegas to L.A., advising this harried 
parent to let God steer the wayward 
daughter away from drugs and sex 
and into the National Honor Society. 

And when God is not talking, He is 
nonetheless making the point and pur- 
pose of many lives very clear. Some- 
times the used-car salesman sees a 
white light ov